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Spindle schizophrenia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426848/sleep-endophenotypes-of-schizophrenia-slow-waves-and-sleep-spindles-in-unaffected-first-degree-relatives
#1
Armando D'Agostino, Anna Castelnovo, Simone Cavallotti, Cecilia Casetta, Matteo Marcatili, Orsola Gambini, Mariapaola Canevini, Giulio Tononi, Brady Riedner, Fabio Ferrarelli, Simone Sarasso
Sleep spindles and slow waves are the main brain oscillations occurring in non-REM sleep. Several lines of evidence suggest that spindles are initiated within the thalamus, whereas slow waves are generated and modulated in the cortex. A decrease in sleep spindle activity has been described in Schizophrenia (SCZ), including chronic, early course, and early onset patients. In contrast, slow waves have been inconsistently found to be reduced in SCZ, possibly due to confounds like duration of illness and antipsychotic medication exposure...
February 9, 2018: NPJ Schizophrenia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325115/fast-sleep-spindle-density-is-associated-with-rs4680-val108-158met-genotype-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-comt
#2
Claudia Schilling, Lena Gappa, Michael Schredl, Fabian Streit, Jens Treutlein, Josef Frank, Michael Deuschle, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Marcella Rietschel, Stephanie H Witt
Study Objectives: Sleep spindles are a hallmark of NREM stage 2 sleep. Fast sleep spindles correlate with cognitive functioning, and are reduced in schizophrenia. Although spindles are highly genetically determined, distinct genetic mechanisms influencing sleep spindle activity have not been identified so far. Spindles are generated within a thalamo-cortical network. Dopaminergic neurotransmission modulates activity within this network and importantly depends on activity of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT)...
January 6, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280209/sleep-spindles-and-slow-waves-in-schizophrenia-and-related-disorders-main-findings-challenges-and-future-perspectives
#3
Anna Castelnovo, Bianca Graziano, Fabio Ferrarelli, Armando D'Agostino
Sleep abnormalities have recently gained renewed attention in patients diagnosed with Schizophrenia. Disrupted thalamocortical brain oscillations hold promise as putative biomarkers or endophenotypes of the disorder. Despite an increase of studies related to sleep spindle and slow wave activity, findings remain in part contradictory. Although sleep spindle deficits have been confirmed in several groups of patients with chronic, medicated Schizophrenia, data on the early stages of the disorder and in unmedicated subjects are still insufficient...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217404/high-density-eeg-characterization-of-brain-responses-to-auditory-rhythmic-stimuli-during-wakefulness-and-nrem-sleep
#4
Caroline Lustenberger, Yogi A Patel, Sankaraleengam Alagapan, Jessica M Page, Betsy Price, Michael R Boyle, Flavio Frohlich
Auditory rhythmic sensory stimulation modulates brain oscillations by increasing phase-locking to the temporal structure of the stimuli and by increasing the power of specific frequency bands, resulting in Auditory Steady State Responses (ASSR). The ASSR is altered in different diseases of the central nervous system such as schizophrenia. However, in order to use the ASSR as biological markers for disease states, it needs to be understood how different vigilance states and underlying brain activity affect the ASSR...
December 4, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180672/the-thalamic-reticular-nucleus-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-role-of-parvalbumin-expressing-neuron-networks-and-oxidative-stress
#5
P Steullet, J-H Cabungcal, S A Bukhari, M I Ardelt, H Pantazopoulos, F Hamati, T E Salt, M Cuenod, Kim Q Do, S Berretta
Growing evidence points to a disruption of cortico-thalamo-cortical circuits in schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD). Clues for a specific involvement of the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) come from its unique neuronal characteristics and neural connectivity, allowing it to shape the thalamo-cortical information flow. A direct involvement of the TRN in SZ and BD has not been tested thus far. We used a combination of human postmortem and rodent studies to test the hypothesis that neurons expressing parvalbumin (PV neurons), a main TRN neuronal population, and associated Wisteria floribunda agglutinin-labeled perineuronal nets (WFA/PNNs) are altered in SZ and BD, and that these changes may occur early in the course of the disease as a consequence of oxidative stress...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031741/further-evidences-for-sleep-instability-and-impaired-spindle-delta-dynamics-in-schizophrenia-a-whole-night-polysomnography-study-with-neuroloop-gain-and-sleep-cycle-analysis
#6
Arun Sasidharan, Sunil Kumar, Ajay Kumar Nair, Ammu Lukose, Vrinda Marigowda, John P John, Bindu M Kutty
OBJECTIVE: Sleep offers a unique window into the brain dysfunctions in schizophrenia. Many past sleep studies have reported abnormalities in both macro-sleep architecture (like increased awakenings) as well as micro-sleep-architecture (like spindle deficits) in patients with schizophrenia (PSZ). The present study attempts to replicate previous reports of macro- and micro-sleep-architectural abnormalities in schizophrenia. In addition, the study also examined sleep-stage changes and spindle-delta dynamics across sleep-cycles to provide further evidence in support of the dysfunctional thalamocortical mechanisms causing sleep instability and poor sleep maintenance associated with schizophrenia pathophysiology...
October 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647492/eszopiclone-for-persistent-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-an-unintended-n-of-1-study
#7
Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta, Vinutha Ravishankar, Jagadisha Thirthalli
Persistent negative and cognitive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia pose a significant challenge to clinicians. Being a heterogeneous cluster of symptoms with potentially distinct underlying pathogenesis, it is important to examine novel therapies based on emerging neurobiological evidence. Eszopiclone is known to enhance the deficient sleep spindles that are related to impairments in learning and memory in schizophrenia. In this report we highlight the potential utility of eszopiclone in treating persistent negative symptoms in a patient with chronic schizophrenia...
June 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604739/autism-like-behaviours-and-enhanced-memory-formation-and-synaptic-plasticity-in-lrfn2-salm1-deficient-mice
#8
Naoko Morimura, Hiroki Yasuda, Kazuhiko Yamaguchi, Kei-Ichi Katayama, Minoru Hatayama, Naoko H Tomioka, Maya Odagawa, Akiko Kamiya, Yoshimi Iwayama, Motoko Maekawa, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Hideo Matsuzaki, Masatsugu Tsujii, Kazuyuki Yamada, Takeo Yoshikawa, Jun Aruga
Lrfn2/SALM1 is a PSD-95-interacting synapse adhesion molecule, and human LRFN2 is associated with learning disabilities. However its role in higher brain function and underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Here, we show that Lrfn2 knockout mice exhibit autism-like behavioural abnormalities, including social withdrawal, decreased vocal communications, increased stereotyped activities and prepulse inhibition deficits, together with enhanced learning and memory. In the hippocampus, the levels of synaptic PSD-95 and GluA1 are decreased...
June 12, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364465/coordination-of-slow-waves-with-sleep-spindles-predicts-sleep-dependent-memory-consolidation-in-schizophrenia
#9
Charmaine Demanuele, Ullrich Bartsch, Bengi Baran, Sheraz Khan, Mark G Vangel, Roy Cox, Matti Hämäläinen, Matthew W Jones, Robert Stickgold, Dara S Manoach
Study Objectives: Schizophrenia patients have correlated deficits in sleep spindle density and sleep-dependent memory consolidation. In addition to spindle density, memory consolidation is thought to rely on the precise temporal coordination of spindles with slow waves (SWs). We investigated whether this coordination is intact in schizophrenia and its relation to motor procedural memory consolidation. Methods: Twenty-one chronic medicated schizophrenia patients and 17 demographically matched healthy controls underwent two nights of polysomnography, with training on the finger tapping motor sequence task (MST) on the second night and testing the following morning...
January 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663065/what-are-sleep-spindle-deficits-telling-us-about-schizophrenia
#10
Fabio Ferrarelli, Giulio Tononi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634797/coordination-of-slow-waves-with-sleep-spindles-predicts-sleep-dependent-memory-consolidation-in-schizophrenia
#11
Charmaine Demanuele, Ullrich Bartsch, Bengi Baran, Sheraz Khan, Mark G Vangel, Roy Cox, Matti Hämäläinen, Matthew W Jones, Robert Stickgold, Dara S Manoach
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Schizophrenia patients have correlated deficits in sleep spindle density and sleep-dependent memory consolidation. In addition to spindle density, memory consolidation is thought to rely on the precise temporal coordination of spindles with slow waves (SWs). We investigated whether this coordination is intact in schizophrenia and its relation to motor procedural memory consolidation. METHODS: Twenty-one chronic medicated schizophrenia patients and 17 demographically-matched healthy controls underwent two nights of polysomnography with training on the finger tapping motor sequence task (MST) on the second night and testing the following morning...
September 9, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565806/fast-sleep-spindle-reduction-in-schizophrenia-and-healthy-first-degree-relatives-association-with-impaired-cognitive-function-and-potential-intermediate-phenotype
#12
Claudia Schilling, Manuel Schlipf, Simone Spietzack, Franziska Rausch, Sarah Eisenacher, Susanne Englisch, Iris Reinhard, Leila Haller, Oliver Grimm, Michael Deuschle, Heike Tost, Mathias Zink, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Michael Schredl
Several studies in patients with schizophrenia reported a marked reduction in sleep spindle activity. To investigate whether the reduction may be linked to genetic risk of the illness, we analysed sleep spindle activity in healthy volunteers, patients with schizophrenia and first-degree relatives, who share an enriched set of schizophrenia susceptibility genes. We further investigated the correlation of spindle activity with cognitive function in first-degree relatives and whether spindle abnormalities affect both fast (12-15 Hz) and slow (9-12 Hz) sleep spindles...
April 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476602/feedback-controlled-transcranial-alternating-current-stimulation-reveals-a-functional-role-of-sleep-spindles-in-motor-memory-consolidation
#13
Caroline Lustenberger, Michael R Boyle, Sankaraleengam Alagapan, Juliann M Mellin, Bradley V Vaughn, Flavio Fröhlich
Transient episodes of brain oscillations are a common feature of both the waking and the sleeping brain. Sleep spindles represent a prominent example of a poorly understood transient brain oscillation that is impaired in disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. However, the causal role of these bouts of thalamo-cortical oscillations remains unknown. Demonstrating a functional role of sleep spindles in cognitive processes has, so far, been hindered by the lack of a tool to target transient brain oscillations in real time...
August 22, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299655/sleep-spindle-deficit-in-schizophrenia-contextualization-of-recent-findings
#14
REVIEW
Anna Castelnovo, Armando D'Agostino, Cecilia Casetta, Simone Sarasso, Fabio Ferrarelli
Sleep spindles are wax and waning brain oscillations at a frequency range of 11-16 Hz, lasting 0.5-2 s, that define non-rapid eye movement sleep stage 2. Over the past few years, several independent studies pointed to a decrease of sleep spindles in schizophrenia. The aim of this review is to contextualize these findings within the growing literature on these oscillations across other neuro-psychiatric disorders. Indeed, spindles reflect the coordinated activity of thalamocortical networks, and their abnormality can be observed in a variety of conditions that disrupt local or global thalamocortical connectivity...
August 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269670/reduced-sleep-spindle-activity-point-to-a-trn-md-thalamus-pfc-circuit-dysfunction-in-schizophrenia
#15
REVIEW
Fabio Ferrarelli, Giulio Tononi
Sleep disturbances have been reliably reported in patients with schizophrenia, thus suggesting that abnormal sleep may represent a core feature of this disorder. Traditional electroencephalographic studies investigating sleep architecture have found reduced deep non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, or slow wave sleep (SWS), and increased REM density. However, these findings have been inconsistently observed, and have not survived meta-analysis. By contrast, several recent EEG studies exploring brain activity during sleep have established marked deficits in sleep spindles in schizophrenia, including first-episode and early-onset patients, compared to both healthy and psychiatric comparison subjects...
February 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190654/form-and-function-of-sleep-spindles-across-the-lifespan
#16
REVIEW
Brittany C Clawson, Jaclyn Durkin, Sara J Aton
Since the advent of EEG recordings, sleep spindles have been identified as hallmarks of non-REM sleep. Despite a broad general understanding of mechanisms of spindle generation gleaned from animal studies, the mechanisms underlying certain features of spindles in the human brain, such as "global" versus "local" spindles, are largely unknown. Neither the topography nor the morphology of sleep spindles remains constant throughout the lifespan. It is likely that changes in spindle phenomenology during development and aging are the result of dramatic changes in brain structure and function...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144033/the-contribution-of-thalamocortical-core-and-matrix-pathways-to-sleep-spindles
#17
REVIEW
Giovanni Piantoni, Eric Halgren, Sydney S Cash
Sleep spindles arise from the interaction of thalamic and cortical neurons. Neurons in the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) inhibit thalamocortical neurons, which in turn excite the TRN and cortical neurons. A fundamental principle of anatomical organization of the thalamocortical projections is the presence of two pathways: the diffuse matrix pathway and the spatially selective core pathway. Cortical layers are differentially targeted by these two pathways with matrix projections synapsing in superficial layers and core projections impinging on middle layers...
2016: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27061476/sleep-in-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-polysomnographic-findings-in-case-control-studies
#18
REVIEW
Man-Sum Chan, Ka-Fai Chung, Kam-Ping Yung, Wing-Fai Yeung
Polysomnographic studies have been performed to examine the sleep abnormalities in schizophrenia, but the results are inconsistent. An updated systematic review, meta-analysis, and moderator analysis was conducted. Major databases were searched without language restriction from 1968 to January 2014. Data were analyzed using the random-effects model and summarized using the Hedges's g. Thirty-one studies with 574 patients and 515 healthy controls were evaluated. Limited by the number of studies and a lack of patient-level data, moderator analysis was restricted to medication status, duration of medication withdrawal, and illness duration...
April 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26920092/a-systematic-review-of-the-nature-and-correlates-of-sleep-disturbance-in-early-psychosis
#19
REVIEW
Gabriel Davies, Gillian Haddock, Alison R Yung, Lee D Mulligan, Simon D Kyle
Sleep disturbances are common in people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and have been associated with increased symptom severity, neurocognitive deficits and reduced quality of life. Despite a significant body of literature in this field, there has been limited investigation of sleep disturbance in the early course of the illness. This systematic review aims to synthesise and evaluate the available data exploring sleep in early psychosis, with two key research questions: 1) What is the nature of sleep disturbance in early psychosis? and 2) What are the correlates of sleep disturbance in early psychosis? From an initial search, 16,675 papers were identified, of which 21 met inclusion/exclusion criteria...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26602589/reduced-sleep-spindles-in-schizophrenia-a-treatable-endophenotype-that-links-risk-genes-to-impaired-cognition
#20
REVIEW
Dara S Manoach, Jen Q Pan, Shaun M Purcell, Robert Stickgold
Although schizophrenia (SZ) is defined by waking phenomena, abnormal sleep is a common feature. In particular, there is accumulating evidence of a sleep spindle deficit. Sleep spindles, a defining thalamocortical oscillation of non-rapid eye movement stage 2 sleep, correlate with IQ and are thought to promote long-term potentiation and enhance memory consolidation. We review evidence that reduced spindle activity in SZ is an endophenotype that impairs sleep-dependent memory consolidation, contributes to symptoms, and is a novel treatment biomarker...
October 15, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
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