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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653182/detection-of-biogenic-amines-and-microbial-safety-assessment-of-novel-meju-fermented-with-addition-of-nelumbo-nucifera-ginkgo-biloba-and-allium-sativum
#1
Shruti Shukla, Jong Suk Lee, Vivek K Bajpai, Shivraj Hariram Nile, Yun Suk Huh, Young-Kyu Han, Myunghee Kim
Meju, a cooked and fermented soy bean based food product, is used as a major ingredient in Korean traditional fermented foods such as Doenjang. We developed a novel type of Meju using single and combined extracts of Allium sativum (garlic clove), Nelumbo nucifera (lotus leaves), and Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo leaves) at 1% and 10% concentrations to improve the safety of Meju-based fermented products. Biogenic amines (BAs) in protein-rich fermented food products pose considerable toxical risks. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of adding selected plant extracts in Meju samples during fermentation...
April 10, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623070/a-review-the-styrene-metabolizing-cascade-of-side-chain-oxygenation-as-biotechnological-basis-to-gain-various-valuable-compounds
#2
REVIEW
Michel Oelschlägel, Juliane Zimmerling, Dirk Tischler
Styrene is one of the most produced and processed chemicals worldwide and is released into the environment during widespread processing. But, it is also produced from plants and microorganisms. The natural occurrence of styrene led to several microbiological strategies to form and also to degrade styrene. One pathway designated as side-chain oxygenation has been reported as a specific route for the styrene degradation among microorganisms. It comprises the following enzymes: styrene monooxygenase (SMO; NADH-consuming and FAD-dependent, two-component system), styrene oxide isomerase (SOI; cofactor independent, membrane-bound protein) and phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase (PAD; NAD+ -consuming) and allows an intrinsic cofactor regeneration...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615606/chiral-induction-in-covalent-organic-frameworks
#3
Xing Han, Jie Zhang, Jinjing Huang, Xiaowei Wu, Daqiang Yuan, Yan Liu, Yong Cui
Synthetic control over chirality and function is the crowning achievement for metal-organic frameworks, but the same level of control has not been achieved for covalent organic frameworks (COFs). Here we demonstrate chiral COFs (CCOFs) can be crystallized from achiral organic precursors by chiral catalytic induction. A total of nine two-dimensional CCOFs are solvothermally prepared by imine condensations of the C3 -symmetric 1,3,5-triformylphloroglucinol (Tp) with diamine or triamine linkers in the presence of catalytic amount of (R)- or (S)-1-phenylethylamine...
April 3, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593537/acute-pharmacological-effects-of-2c-b-in-humans-an-observational-study
#4
Esther Papaseit, Magí Farré, Clara Pérez-Mañá, Marta Torrens, Mireia Ventura, Mitona Pujadas, Rafael de la Torre, Débora González
2,5-dimethoxy-4-bromophenethylamine (2C-B) is a psychedelic phenylethylamine derivative, structurally similar to mescaline. It is a serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine-2A (5-HT2A ), 5-hydroxytryptamine-2B (5-HT2B ), and 5-hydroxytryptamine-2C (5-HT2C ) receptor partial agonist used recreationally as a new psychoactive substance. It has been reported that 2C-B induces mild psychedelic effects, although its acute pharmacological effects and pharmacokinetics have not yet been fully studied in humans. An observational study was conducted to assess the acute subjective and physiological effects, as well as pharmacokinetics of 2C-B...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571305/determination-of-biogenic-amines-in-cheese-by-ion-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry-detection
#5
Andrej Ščavničar, Irena Rogelj, Drago Kočar, Sevim Kӧse, Matevž Pompe
A new method for determination of underivatized biogenic amines in cheese based on ion exchange chromatographycoupled with tandem mass spectrometric detection was proposed. The method was applied to the analysis of 10 biogenic amines (trimethylamine, putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, 2-phenylethylamine, spermine, spermidine, tryptamine, agmatine, and tyramine) in different types of cheese. The amines were extracted only with water without any additional derivatization step or sample cleanup. This is a great advantage in terms of simplicity of sample pretreatment procedure compared with other currently existing methods in the literature...
March 23, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545750/striatal-tyrosine-hydroxylase-is-stimulated-via-taar1-by-3-iodothyronamine-but-not-by-tyramine-or-%C3%AE-phenylethylamine
#6
Xiaoqun Zhang, Ioannis Mantas, Alexandra Alvarsson, Takashi Yoshitake, Mohammadreza Shariatgorji, Marcela Pereira, Anna Nilsson, Jan Kehr, Per E Andrén, Mark J Millan, Karima Chergui, Per Svenningsson
The trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) is expressed by dopaminergic neurons, but the precise influence of trace amines upon their functional activity remains to be fully characterized. Here, we examined the regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) by tyramine and beta-phenylethylamine (β-PEA) compared to 3-iodothyronamine (T1 AM). Immunoblotting and amperometry were performed in dorsal striatal slices from wild-type (WT) and TAAR1 knockout (KO) mice. T1 AM increased TH phosphorylation at both Ser19 and Ser40 , actions that should promote functional activity of TH...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491683/gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-based-metabolomic-study-in-a-murine-model-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#7
Lei-Min Yu, Ke-Jia Zhao, Shuang-Shuang Wang, Xi Wang, Bin Lu
AIM: To study the role of microbial metabolites in the modulation of biochemical and physiological processes in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS: In the current study, using a metabolomic approach, we analyzed the key metabolites differentially excreted in the feces of control mice and mice with IBS, with or without Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) treatment. C57BL/6 mice were divided into control, IBS, and IBS + C. butyricum groups. In the IBS and IBS + C...
February 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453991/identification-of-branched-chain-amino-acid-aminotransferases-active-towards-r-1-phenylethylamine-among-plp-fold-type-iv-transaminases
#8
Ekaterina Yu Bezsudnova, Daria V Dibrova, Alena Yu Nikolaeva, Tatiana V Rakitina, Vladimir O Popov
New class IV transaminases with activity towards L-Leu, which is typical of branched-chain amino acid aminotransferases (BCAT), and with activity towards (R)-(+)-1-phenylethylamine ((R)-PEA), which is typical of (R)-selective (R)-amine:pyruvate transaminases, were identified by bioinformatics analysis, obtained in recombinant form, and analyzed. The values of catalytic activities in the reaction with L-Leu and (R)-PEA are comparable to those measured for characteristic transaminases with the corresponding specificity...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423216/dietary-proline-supplementation-alters-colonic-luminal-microbiota-and-bacterial-metabolite-composition-between-days-45-and-70-of-pregnancy-in-huanjiang-mini-pigs
#9
Yujiao Ji, Qiuping Guo, Yulong Yin, Francois Blachier, Xiangfeng Kong
Background: Pregnancy is associated with important changes in gut microbiota composition. Dietary factors may affect the diversity, composition, and metabolic activity of the intestinal microbiota. Among amino acids, proline is known to play important roles in protein metabolism and structure, cell differentiation, conceptus growth and development, and gut microbiota re-equilibration in case of dysbiosis. Results: Dietary supplementation with 1% proline decreased ( P  < 0...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412921/profiling-wines-in-china-for-the-biogenic-amines-a-nationwide-survey-and-pharmacokinetic-fate-modelling
#10
Runhui Ke, Zongsu Wei, Christian Bogdal, Recep Kaya Göktaş, Ruiyang Xiao
Biogenic amines (BAs), a class of nitrogenous compounds that are frequently detected in wine, pose adverse effects to humans. However, with the largest red wine consumption in the world, little is known about national profiles correlating BAs in wines to toxicological/health risks in China. In this study, we conducted a nationwide survey of commercially available wines for the occurrence of BAs. Our sampling campaign covered >90% of wine brands (n = 456) in China in a three year span (2014-2016). The target BAs included tryptamine, phenylethylamine, putrescine, cadaverine, histamine, tyramine, spermidine and spermine...
June 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409596/thermodynamics-of-acid-base-dissociation-of-several-cathinones-and-1-phenylethylamine-studied-by-an-accurate-capillary-electrophoresis-method-free-from-the-joule-heating-impact
#11
Paweł Mateusz Nowak, Michał Woźniakiewicz, Mariusz Mitoraj, Filip Sagan, Paweł Kościelniak
Capillary electrophoresis is often used to the determination of the acid-base dissociation/deprotonation constant (pKa), and the more advanced thermodynamic quantities describing this process (ΔH°, -TΔS°). Remarkably, it is commonly overlooked that due to insufficient dissipation of Joule heating the accuracy of parameters determined using a standard approach may be questionable. In this work we show an effective method allowing to enhance reliability of these parameters, and to estimate the magnitude of errors...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401260/intraspecies-polymorphisms-of-kluyveromyces-marxianus-strains-from-yaghnob-valley
#12
Perpetuini Giorgia, Tittarelli Fabrizia, Mattarelli Paola, Modesto Monica, Cilli Elisabetta, Suzzi Giovanna, Tofalo Rosanna
In this study, 29 strains of Kluyveromyces marxianus with peculiar genetic and phenotypic traits previously isolated from a fermented goat milk of Yaghnob valley were investigated for chromosome length polymorphism (CLP) by PFGE, adhesion properties and carbon usage by Biolog analysis. Obtained data showed that strains differed in terms of number and size of chromosome bands. The number of bands ranged from 5 to 7, suggesting a probable genome size from 1.4 to 2.6 Mb. Strains showed a certain level of cell surface hydrophobicity ranging from 32% to 77...
February 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367643/characterization-of-dopaminergic-system-in-the-striatum-of-young-adult-park2-knockout-rats
#13
Jickssa M Gemechu, Akhil Sharma, Dongyue Yu, Yuran Xie, Olivia M Merkel, Anna Moszczynska
Mutations in parkin gene (Park2) are linked to early-onset autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (PD) and young-onset sporadic PD. Park2 knockout (PKO) rodents; however, do not display neurodegeneration of the nigrostriatal pathway, suggesting age-dependent compensatory changes. Our goal was to examine dopaminergic (DAergic) system in the striatum of 2 month-old PKO rats in order to characterize compensatory mechanisms that may have occurred within the system. The striata form wild type (WT) and PKO Long Evans male rats were assessed for the levels of DAergic markers, for monoamine oxidase (MAO) A and B activities and levels, and for the levels of their respective preferred substrates, serotonin (5-HT) and ß-phenylethylamine (ß-PEA)...
January 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360121/why-does-the-y326i-mutant-of-monoamine-oxidase-b-decompose-an-endogenous-amphetamine-at-a-slower-rate-than-the-wild-type-enzyme-reaction-step-elucidated-by-multiscale-molecular-simulations
#14
Domen Pregeljc, Urška Jug, Janez Mavri, Jernej Stare
This work investigates the Y326I point mutation effect on the kinetics of oxidative deamination of phenylethylamine (PEA) catalyzed by the monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) enzyme. PEA is a neuromodulator capable of affecting the plasticity of the brain and is responsible for the mood enhancing effect caused by physical exercise. Due to a similar functionality, PEA is often regarded as an endogenous amphetamine. The rate limiting step of the deamination was simulated at the multiscale level, employing the Empirical Valence Bond approach for the quantum treatment of the involved valence states, whereas the environment (solvated protein) was represented with a classical force field...
January 23, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326984/using-para-hydrogen-to-hyperpolarize-amines-amides-carboxylic-acids-alcohols-phosphates-and-carbonates
#15
Wissam Iali, Peter J Rayner, Simon B Duckett
Hyperpolarization turns weak nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) responses into strong signals, so normally impractical measurements are possible. We use para hydrogen to rapidly hyperpolarize appropriate 1 H, 13 C, 15 N, and 31 P responses of analytes (such as NH3 ) and important amines (such as phenylethylamine), amides (such as acetamide, urea, and methacrylamide), alcohols spanning methanol through octanol and glucose, the sodium salts of carboxylic acids (such as acetic acid and pyruvic acid), sodium phosphate, disodium adenosine 5'-triphosphate, and sodium hydrogen carbonate...
January 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234054/antagonistic-effect-of-dopamine-structural-analogues-on-human-gaba%C3%AF-1-receptor
#16
Alfredo Alaniz-Palacios, Ataulfo Martínez-Torres
GABAergic and dopaminergic pathways are co-localized in several areas of the central nervous system and recently several reports have shown co-release of both neurotransmitters. The GABA-A receptor (β and ρ1 subunits) is modulated by dopamine (DA) and, interestingly, GABAρ1 can be modulated by several biogenic amines. Here we explored the effects of the metabolites of the dopaminergic pathway and other structural analogues of DA on GABAρ1 and the DA gated ion channel (LGC-53) from Caenorhabditis elegans expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228118/where-is-the-tmt-gc-ms-analyses-of-fox-feces-and-behavioral-responses-of-rats-to-fear-inducing-odors
#17
Olivier Rampin, Nathalie Jerôme, Audrey Saint-Albin, Christian Ouali, Frank Boué, Nicolas Meunier, Birte L Nielsen
TMT (2,5-dihydro-2,4,5-trimethylthiazoline) is known as a component of fox feces inducing fear in rodents. However, no recent chemical analyses of fox feces are available, and few studies make direct comparisons between TMT and fox feces. Fox feces from 3 individuals were used to prepare 24 samples to be analyzed for the presence of TMT using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). When TMT was added in low amounts (50-2000 nmol/g), TMT was detected in 10 out of 11 samples. When no TMT was added, TMT was detected in only 1 out of 13 samples...
February 2, 2018: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202379/platelet-monoamine-oxidase-activity-and-interpersonal-violence-in-male-suicide-attempters
#18
Jussi Jokinen, Johan Königsson, Tomas Moberg, Erik G Jönsson, Jari Tiihonen, Peter Nordström, Lars Oreland, Marie Åsberg
Low platelet monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) activity, proxy of low central serotonergic functions, has been shown to correlate with criminal behavior in adolescents that come from an unfavorable psychosocial environment but not in adolescents from good conditions, indicating a link between environment, MAO-B activity and aggressive behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between MAO-B activity and lifetime interpersonal violence in suicide attempters. The study included a total of 28 suicide attempters (18 men and 10 women)...
November 23, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116873/the-effect-of-experimental-supplementation-with-the-klamath-algae-extract-klamin-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#19
Maurizio Cremonte, Davide Sisti, Ilaria Maraucci, Simona Giribone, Evelin Colombo, Marco Bruno Luigi Rocchi, Stefano Scoglio
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurobiological condition with onset in childhood. The disorder is characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and/or motor hyperactivity, which often affect the development and social integration of affected subjects. Phenylethylamine (PEA), naturally contained in the Klamath Lake microalgae and concentrated in the Klamin® extract, is an endogenous molecule with a general neuromodulatory activity. It functions as an activator for the neurotransmission of dopamine and other catecholamines, and very low concentrations of PEA may be associated with specific psychological disorders such as ADHD...
December 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074414/non-adrenergic-vasoconstriction-and-vasodilatation-of-guinea-pig-aorta-by-%C3%AE-phenylethylamine-and-amphetamine-role-of-nitric-oxide-determined-with-l-name-and-no-scavengers
#20
Kenneth J Broadley, Harrison D Broadley
Sympathomimetic and trace amines, including β-phenylethylamine (PEA) and amphetamine, increase blood pressure and constrict isolated blood vessels. By convention this is regarded as a sympathomimetic response, however, recent studies suggest trace amine-associated receptor (TAAR) involvement. There is also uncertainty whether these amines also release nitric oxide (NO) causing opposing vasodilatation. These questions were addressed in guinea-pig isolated aorta, a species not previously examined. Guinea-pig aortic rings were set up to measure contractile tension...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
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