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Renal colic, kidney stone, urolithiasis

Billy Sin, John Cao, David Yang, Karen Ambert, Sheena Punnapuzha
CLINICAL FEATURES: Renal colic is defined as a flank pain radiating to the groin caused by kidney stones in the ureter (urolithiasis). Renal colic is a frequent cause of Emergency Department visits. Most renal colic cases present as acute distress and severe back and/or abdominal pain that require prompt treatment with analgesics. THERAPEUTIC CHALLENGE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids are traditionally used for renal colic in the Emergency Department...
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
Salah Termos, Majd AlKabbani, Tim Ulinski, Sami Sanjad, Henri Kotobi, Francois Chalard, Bilal Aoun
Congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is the most common cause of upper urinary tract obstruction in children. It is generally diagnosed in the routine work-up during antenatal period and is characterized by spontaneous recovery. It can be associated with urolithiasis; hence further investigation should be carried out. We report the case of a 15-year-old boy, who is known to have right UPJO, presented with right renal colic and discovered to have bilateral kidney stones. Further studies showed primary hyperparathyroidism and genetic analysis revealed a CDC73 mutation (initially HRPT2)...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
Sameer A Pathan, Biswadev Mitra, Peter A Cameron
CONTEXT: Renal colic is a common, acute presentation of urolithiasis that requires immediate pain relief. European Association of Urology guidelines recommend nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) as the preferred analgesia. However, the fear of NSAID adverse effects and the uncertainty about superior analgesic effect have maintained the practice of advocating intravenous opioids as the initial analgesia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the safety and efficacy of NSAIDs with opioids and paracetamol (acetaminophen) for the management of acute renal colic...
November 22, 2017: European Urology
Mohamed A Elkoushy, Sero Andonian
Patients presenting with nephrolithiasis often undergo repeated imaging studies before, during, and after management. Considering the significant risk of stone recurrence in primary stone-formers, repeated imaging studies are not uncommon. Cumulative effects of ionizing radiation exposure from various imaging studies could potentially increase the risk for developing cataracts and solid malignancies in urolithiasis patients. Therefore, practitioners planning or performing imaging studies with ionizing radiation are compelled to keep radiation exposure to humans and the environment as low as possible, thus strictly adhering to the ALARA (As Low as Reasonably Achievable) principles...
September 12, 2017: Current Urology Reports
Robert M Geraghty, Silvia Proietti, Olivier Traxer, Matthew Archer, Bhaskar K Somani
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have examined the link between temperature or monthly seasonal variations and urolithiasis. The majority of these studies have demonstrated a link between higher ambient monthly temperatures and the incidence of renal colic and kidney stone disease (KSD). However, a worldwide trend on this association has not been explored and we perform a systematic review to examine the effect of seasonal variations on renal colic and KSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature for a 26-year period (1990-2017) was conducted on all studies reporting on the effect of seasonal variations and its link to KSD...
August 2017: Journal of Endourology
Ahmed Gaber Al-Mujalhem, Mohammed Sayed Ahmed Aziz, Mohammed Farag Sultan, Ahmed Mohammed Al-Maghraby, Mohammed Abdelmonem Al-Shazly
CONTEXT: Spontaneous forniceal rupture is one of the possible complications of urolithiasis. The mechanism of forniceal rupture is not well explained in the literature. Most of the cases presented with sudden onset of acute renal colic and diagnosed by noncontrast CT (NCCT). Until now there is no solid consensus about the ideal management of such a condition. AIM: To study indications and validity of conservative management of spontaneous caliceal rupture. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is an observational prospective study...
January 2017: Urology Annals
Kevan M Sternberg, Benjamin Littenberg
PURPOSE: Recent reports support renal ultrasound as the initial imaging study to evaluate patients with suspected renal colic. However, urologists often advocate for computerized tomography to better define stone size and location, especially before proceeding with endourological intervention. One concern with using ultrasound as initial imaging is that computerized tomography may be required later, obviating the reduction in costs and radiation gained by using ultrasound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic health records of 10,680 episodes of stone disease in a total of 7,659 patients who presented to the emergency department or walk-in clinic with a chief complaint or visit diagnosis of urolithiasis from 2009 to 2015 at a single institution...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Urology
Hao Xiang, Michael Chan, Victoria Brown, Ya Ruth Huo, Lewis Chan, Lloyd Ridley
Renal colic is a common clinical condition which is often investigated with a CT of the kidneys, ureters and bladder (CTKUB). Recent technological improvements have allowed a reduction in dose with the emergence of low-dose CTKUB (LD-CTKUB) techniques. The present meta-analysis aims to determine the diagnostic accuracy of LD-CTKUB in the diagnosis of clinically significant uroliths. A systematic review was performed using nine electronic databases from their dates of inception to May 2016. Inclusion criteria included studies reporting comparative outcomes using LD-CTKUB with a dose less than 3 millisieverts compared to an imaging gold standard or clinical and surgical evaluation...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Silvano Palazzo, Ottavio Colamonico, Saverio Forte, Matteo Matera, Giuseppe Lucarelli, Pasquale Ditonno, Michele Battaglia, Pasquale Martino
OBJECTIVE: Urolithiasis of the transplanted kidney has an incidence of 0.2 to 1.7%, it increases the risk of infection in immunosuppressed patients and it can lead to ureteral obstruction that is often associated with deterioration of renal function. Urolithiasis of the transplanted kidney has different characteristics compared to the native kidney, due to the absence of innervation, which does not lead to colic pain. Percutaneous approach is an optimal choice in transplant patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Here we report our experience in two cadaveric transplant patients with urolithiasis...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
S Rob, T Bryant, I Wilson, B K Somani
AIM: To investigate whether reducing the radiation dose of computed tomography (CT) of the kidney, ureters, and bladder (KUB) for acute renal colic impacts upon the specificity, sensitivity, and detection of urolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature over a 20-year period between 1995 and 2015 was conducted of all prospective studies in the English language reporting on adult patients who underwent CT KUB or non-contrast CT for renal colic or urolithiasis...
January 2017: Clinical Radiology
Patrick Jones, Bhavan Prasad Rai, Bhaskar K Somani
INTRODUCTION: Management of urolithiasis in a solitary functioning kidney can be clinically challenging. The aim of this article was to review the outcomes of URS for patients with stone disease in a solitary kidney and critically appraise the existing evidence and outcome reporting standards. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review in line with PRISMA checklist and Cochrane guidelines between January 1980 and February 2015. Our inclusion criteria were all English language articles reporting on a minimum of 10 patients with a solitary kidney undergoing ureteroscopy for stone disease...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
Sandra Abergel, Benoit Peyronnet, Philippe Seguin, Karim Bensalah, Olivier Traxer, Yonathan Freund
BACKGROUND: Recommendations for the management of urolithiasis in primary care are lacking in France. The Delphi method was used to seek consensus from an expert panel regarding outpatient management of urolithiasis. METHODS: We gathered 25 French experts from five clinical specialties: general practice, urology, nephrology, emergency medicine and radiology. The first survey was formulated after an exhaustive literature review. At each of the three rounds, the experts were given the results of the previous round and were asked again to complete the survey...
June 2016: European Journal of General Practice
Christian Türk, Aleš Petřík, Kemal Sarica, Christian Seitz, Andreas Skolarikos, Michael Straub, Thomas Knoll
CONTEXT: Low-dose computed tomography (CT) has become the first choice for detection of ureteral calculi. Conservative observational management of renal stones is possible, although the availability of minimally invasive treatment often leads to active treatment. Acute renal colic due to ureteral stone obstruction is an emergency that requires immediate pain management. Medical expulsive therapy (MET) for ureteral stones can support spontaneous passage in the absence of complicating factors...
March 2016: European Urology
H Abdourahman, F-R Desfemmes, A De Chaumont, B Molimard, M Dusaud, A Houlgatte, X Durand
OBJECTIVES: The renal colic crisis is a pathology frequently encountered in foreign operations recently conducted by the French army and often requires a medical repatriation in mainland France. Soldiers deployed in arid areas are at increased risk of developing urolithiasis. The purpose of our study is to analyze the risk factors, the frequency and the methods of management of symptomatic urinary stone disease for French military returnees for renal colic during Serval operation. METHODS: Our study focused on French soldiers repatriated from Mali for a renal colic care between January 11th and November 30th, 2013...
October 2014: Progrès en Urologie
Tamsin Drake, Nitin Jain, Timothy Bryant, Iain Wilson, Bhaskar K Somani
INTRODUCTION: Computed tomography kidneys, ureter and bladder (CTKUB) is the accepted gold standard investigation for suspected renal colic. Dose considerations are particularly pertinent in the context of detecting urolithiasis given the high risk of disease recurrence, which can necessitate multiple radiological examinations over the lifetime of a stone-former. We performed a systematic review of the literature to see whether there was any evidence that reducing the effective radiation dose of a CTKUB compromised the diagnostic accuracy of the scan...
April 2014: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
Carmen Rocío Sierra Labarta, Álvaro De Pablo Cárdenas, José Ángel Cuesta Alcalá, Jose Maria Mellado Santos, Daniel Sánchez Zalabrado
50 year old male with history of renal colic presenting to the emergency room with left colic pain. On ultrasound horseshoe kidneys were visualized without hydronephrosis or stones. CT scan: horseshoe kidney with inferior isthmus, no signs of nephrolithiasis or urolithiasis. There are multiple associated vascular anomalies (there are at least five right renal arteries and two left, double venous return is seen in both hemi-kidneys).
October 2013: Archivos Españoles de Urología
Michelle Jo Semins, Brian R Matlaga
Kidney stones are very common and unfortunately do not spare the pregnant population. Anatomical and pathophysiological changes occur in the pregnant female that alter the risk for development of nephrolithiasis. Acute renal colic during pregnancy is associated with significant potential risks to both mother and fetus. Diagnosis is often challenging because good imaging options without radiation use are limited. Management of diagnosed nephrolithiasis is unique in the pregnant population and requires multi-disciplinary care...
September 30, 2013: International Journal of Women's Health
Danko Milošević, Danica Batinić, Daniel Turudić, Danko Batinić, Marija Topalović-Grković, Ivan Pavao Gradiški
The aim of this study was to assess demographic data, clinical presentation, metabolic features, and treatment in 76 children with urolithiasis presented from 2002 to 2011. Urolithiasis is responsible for 2.5/1,000 pediatric hospitalizations, with new cases diagnosed in 1.1/1,000 admissions. From the observed period, two-fold rise of incidence rate was observed. Compiling the data from other pediatric institutions in our country, we estimated present overall incidence rate in Croatia as 6.5/100,000 children under 18 years...
March 2014: European Journal of Pediatrics
Giuseppina Marra, Paolo Gilles Vercelloni, Alberto Edefonti, Gianantonio Manzoni, Maria Angela Pavesi, Giovanni Battista Fogazzi, Giuseppe Garigali, Lionel Mockel, Irene Ceballos Picot
We describe an infant affected by adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency diagnosed at 18 months of age with a de novo mutation that has not been previously reported. APRT deficiency is a rare defect of uric acid catabolism that leads to the accumulation of 2,8 dihydroxyadenine (2,8-DHA), a highly insoluble substance excreted by the kidneys that may precipitate in urine and form stones. The child suffered from renal colic due to a stone found in the peno-scrotal junction of the bulbar urethra. Stone spectrophotometric analysis allowed us to diagnose the disease and start kidney-saving therapy in order to avoid irreversible chronic kidney damage...
2012: JIMD Reports
Gloria Candelas, Juan Antonio Martinez-Lopez, Maria Piedad Rosario, Loreto Carmona, Estibaliz Loza
OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to examine the risk of nephrolithiasis in patients with osteoporosis and calcium supplementation. METHODS: This work is based on the systematic review of studies retrieved by a sensitive search strategy in Medline and Embase (1991-2010), and the Cochrane Central register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) up to 2010. The abstracts of the annual scientific meetings of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) (2008-2010) were also examined...
November 2012: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
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