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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664771/effects-of-1-540-nm-fractional-nonablative-erbium-and-2-940-nm-fractional-ablative-erbium-on-p53-epidermal-expression-after-3-months-a-split-face-interventional-study
#1
Juliano Borges, Luciana Araújo, Rodrigo P B de Oliveira, Monica Manela-Azulay
BACKGROUND: Expression of p53 by keratinocytes may be important in the pathogenesis of skin cancer induced by ultraviolet light. OBJECTIVE: We used side-by-side nonablative and ablative erbium fractional laser resurfacing to assess the effects on expression of p53 by facial keratinocytes. METHODS: Ten female patients (age range, 50-63 years) with Fitzpatrick skin Types I-IV and clinical signs of photoaging underwent erbium fractional laser resurfacing (nonablative, 1,540-nm; ablative, 2,940-nm) on opposite sides of the face...
April 16, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661756/prevention-of-rickets-and-osteomalacia-in-the-uk-political-action-overdue
#2
REVIEW
Suma Uday, Wolfgang Högler
The consequences of vitamin D and dietary calcium deficiency have become a huge public health concern in the UK. The burden of disease from these deficiencies includes rickets, and hypocalcaemic seizures, dilated cardiomyopathy and mostly occult myopathy and osteomalacia. The increasing burden of the disease is intrinsically linked to ethnicity and the population demographic changes in the UK. Three facts have led to the resurfacing of the English disease: (1) the UK has no ultraviolet sunlight for at least 6 months of the year, (2) dark skin produces far less vitamin D than white skin per unit ultraviolet light exposure, and (3) non-European Union immigration over the last century...
April 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659726/dubious-space-for-artelon-joint-resurfacing-for-basal-thumb-trapeziometacarpal-joint-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review
#3
Francesco Smeraglia, Massimo Mariconda, Giovanni Balato, Sigismondo Luca Di Donato, Giovanni Criscuolo, Nicola Maffulli
Introduction: Trapeziometacarpal arthritis is a common and disabling condition. There is no evidence in the literature of superiority of one surgical procedure over others. Several prosthetic implants have been introduced to preserve joint mobility. Sourced of data: We searched the on Medline (PubMed), Web of Science and Scopus databases using the combined keywords 'artelon', 'thumb', 'carpometacarpal', 'trapeziometacarpal' and 'rhizoarthrosis'; 11 studies were identified...
April 6, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657851/kinematic-alignment-technique-for-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-the-personalized-implant-positioning-surgery
#4
Charles Rivière, Stefan Lazic, Loïc Villet, Yann Wiart, Sarah Muirhead Allwood, Justin Cobb
Conventional techniques for hip and knee arthroplasty have led to good long-term clinical outcomes, but complications remain despite better surgical precision and improvements in implant design and quality.Technological improvements and a better understanding of joint kinematics have facilitated the progression to 'personalized' implant positioning (kinematic alignment) for total hip (THA) and knee (TKA) arthroplasty, the true value of which remains to be determined.By achieving a true knee resurfacing, the kinematic alignment (KA) technique for TKA aims at aligning the components with the physiological kinematic axes of the knee and restoring the constitutional tibio-femoral joint line frontal and axial orientation and soft-tissue laxity...
March 2018: EFORT Open Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657481/getting-back-in-the-game-after-humeral-head-resurfacing
#5
Matthias Bülhoff, Boris Sowa, Thomas Bruckner, Patric Raiss, Felix Zeifang
Background: Aim of this investigation was to analyze whether patients undergoing humeral head resurfacing (HHR) surgery are able to successfully return to their sports and occupation afterwards. Materials and methods: Fifty patients treated with CUP (HHR) arthroplasty were included. Two groups were built: Patients who have participated in sports less than 5 years prior surgery (Group 1: n = 42 (84%)) and patients who have never participated in sports (Group 2: n = 8 (16%))...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650262/triple-flap-technique-for-vulvar-reconstruction
#6
R Mercut, R Sinna, R Vaucher, P A Giroux, N Assaf, A Lari, S Dast
OBJECTIVE: Perineal defects are encountered ever more frequently, in the treatment of vulvar cancers or abdominoperineal resection. The surgical treatment of vulvar cancer leads to significant skin defect. The aim of the reconstruction is not to provide volume but rather to resurface perineum. We propose a new solution to cover the extensive skin defect remaining after excision. METHODS: We report 3 patients who underwent large excision for vulvar cancer, with lymph node dissection...
April 9, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627130/patient-satisfaction-after-fractional-ablation-of-burn-scar-with-2940nm-wavelength-erbium-yag-laser
#7
Tarik D Madni, Paul A Nakonezny, Jonathan B Imran, Audra T Clark, Holly B Cunningham, John E Hoopman, Brett D Arnoldo, Steven E Wolf, Jeffrey M Kenkel, Herb A Phelan
OBJECTIVE: Fractional laser therapy is a new treatment with potential benefit in the treatment of burn scars. We sought to determine patient satisfaction after burn scar treatment with the Erbium-Yag laser. METHODS: We performed a telephone survey of all patients who underwent fractional resurfacing of burn scars with the Erbium-Yag 2940 wavelength laser at Parkland Hospital from 01/01/2016 to 05/01/2017. Subjects were asked to rate their satisfaction with their scars' after treatment characteristics on a scale from 1 (completely unsatisfied) to 10 (completely satisfied)...
April 4, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624081/metal-resurfacing-inlay-implant-for-osteochondral-talar-defects-after-failed-previous-surgery-a-midterm-prospective-follow-up-study
#8
Gwendolyn Vuurberg, Mikel L Reilingh, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Inge C M van Eekeren, Rogier M Gerards, C Niek van Dijk
BACKGROUND: Treatment of osteochondral talar defects (OCDs) after failed previous surgery is challenging. Promising short-term results have been reported with use of a metal resurfacing inlay implant. PURPOSE: To evaluate the midterm clinical effectiveness of the metal implant for OCDs of the medial talar dome after failed previous surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: We prospectively studied all patients who met the inclusion criteria and received a metal resurfacing inlay implant between 2007 and 2014...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614710/patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-in-patients-undergoing-patellofemoral-arthroplasty-and-total-knee-replacement-a-comparative-study
#9
Fabio Luigi Perrone, Steffen Baron, Eduardo M Suero, Christian Lausmann, Daniel Kendoff, Akos Zahar, Thorsten Gehrke, Mustafa Citak
BACKGROUND: Incongruity in the evaluation of outcomes between patients and surgeons has led to an increasing utilization of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) as an evaluation method of outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare Oxford Knee Score (OKS), KOOS-PS and Kujala Score results in patients who received either PFA or TKA with and without patella resurfacing in the tretament of knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A total of 50 patients (PFA = 19 patients; TKA with patelloplasty = 15 patients; TKA with patellar resurfacing = 16 patients) undergone surgery between 2011 and 2014 and were included for final analysis...
March 23, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614374/running-from-fear-exercise-modulation-of-fear-extinction
#10
REVIEW
Margaret K Tanner, Holly S Hake, Courtney A Bouchet, Benjamin N Greenwood
Extinction-based exposure therapy is the most common behavioral therapy for anxiety and trauma-related disorders, but fear tends to resurface even after successful extinction. Identification of novel strategies to enhance fear extinction and reduce fear relapse is of paramount importance to mental health. Exercise can enhance cognitive function, but it is not yet well understood whether exercise can be an effective augmentation strategy for fear extinction. In the current review, we present the current state of knowledge on the effects of exercise on fear extinction...
March 31, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606289/indications-for-mars-mri-in-patients-treated-with-metal-on-metal-hip-resurfacing-arthroplasty
#11
James W Connelly, Vincent P Galea, Sean J Matuszak, Rami Madanat, Orhun Muratoglu, Henrik Malchau
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no universally accepted guidelines on when to obtain metal artifact reduction sequence magnetic resonance imaging (MARS-MRI) in metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) patients. Our primary aims were to identify which patient and clinical factors are predictive of adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) and create an algorithm for indicating MARS-MRI in patients with Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) HRA. The secondary aim was to compare our algorithm to existing guidelines on when to perform MARS-MRI in MoM HRA patients...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601618/the-use-of-a-self-occluding-topical-anasthetic-in-daily-practice-a-non-interventional-study
#12
Ravi Jain, Gerardo Moreno Arias, Pablo Naranjo, Max Murison, Jose Luis López Estebaranz, Alina Fratila, Welf Prager, Carlos Guillén Barona, Michael Weidmann, Serge Dahan, Hugues Cartier, Gerhard Sattler, Maurizio Podda
INTRODUCTION: A variety of topical anesthetic creams are available to reduce pain associated with dermatological procedures. Pliaglis is a self-occluding eutectic mixture of lidocaine and tetracaine. STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the post-marketing safety profile of Pliaglis and efficacy in terms of pain reduction, product satisfaction, and daily practice use prior to pre-defined dermatological procedures. METHODS: A prospective, non-interventional study conducted at 44 sites in four European countries; 581 patients were treated prior to dermatological procedures such as pulsed-dye laser therapy, laser-assisted hair removal, non-ablative laser resurfacing, dermal filler injections, and vascular access...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600265/comparison-of-clinical-results-between-patellar-resurfacing-and-non-resurfacing-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-short-term-evaluation
#13
Mohammad H Kaseb, Mohammad N Tahmasebi, Sm Javad Mortazavi, Mohammad R Sobhan, Mohammad H Nabian
Background: There is no difference in the functional outcomes 6 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for knee osteoarthritis between patellar resurfacing and non-resurfacing. Thus, we have performed this study to compare the short-term clinical outcomes of TKA performed with and without the patella resurfacing. Methods: A total of 50 patients with osteoarthritis of the knee (OAK) were randomized to receive patellar resurfacing (n=24; resurfaced group) or to retain their native patella (n=26; non-resurfaced group) based on envelope selection and provided informed consent...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596643/supercharging-extra-large-anterolateral-thigh-flaps-for-single-stage-resurfacing-of-massive-burn-defects-over-upper-extremity-elbow-joints
#14
Shao-Yu Hung, Charles Yuen Yung Loh, Hung-Chang Chen
The resurfacing of soft tissue over extensor side of elbow joint after a full thickness burn injury is challenging due to greater amount of soft tissue needed. Local or regional flaps in the upper limb are not readily available and the use of free flap is the consensus. We want to present the first report of an extra-large anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap for a 1-stage coverage of an extensive elbow defect. The versatility of the ALT flap in design offers the surgeon the added option of supercharging the flap for increased survival when using a large flap for extensive wound coverage in the elbow...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589953/ten-year-results-of-medial-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-and-chondral-resurfacing-in-severe-medial-osteoarthritis-and-varus-malalignment
#15
Philipp Schuster, Markus Geßlein, Michael Schlumberger, Philipp Mayer, Raul Mayr, Damian Oremek, Sebastian Frank, Martin Schulz-Jahrsdörfer, Jörg Richter
BACKGROUND: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a widely used treatment option for medial osteoarthritis and varus malalignment, especially in young patients with early osteoarthritis. Limited outcome data are available for this procedure in severe osteoarthritis, and no long-term data are available using newer implants. PURPOSE: To determine survivorship and functional results of medial open-wedge HTO combined with a chondral resurfacing (CR) procedure (abrasion plus microfracture) in severe medial osteoarthritis (Kellgren-Lawrence grade 3 and 4) and varus malalignment...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589504/long-term-results-of-the-lateral-resurfacing-elbow-arthroplasty
#16
C E L Watkins, D W Elson, J W K Harrison, J Pooley
Aim The aim of this study was to report the long-term outcome and implant survival of the lateral resurfacing elbow (LRE) arthroplasty in the treatment of elbow arthritis. Patients and Methods We reviewed a consecutive series of 27 patients (30 elbows) who underwent LRE arthroplasty between December 2005 and January 2008. There were 15 women and 12 men, with a mean age of 61 years (25 to 82). The diagnosis was primary hypotrophic osteoarthritis (OA) in 12 patients (14 elbows), post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in five (five elbows) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in ten patients (11 elbows)...
March 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589295/the-varicocele-argument-resurfaces
#17
Sherman Silber
A recent series of articles and reviews published in Fertility and Sterility have rekindled the more than half century debate on varicocelectomy. Every one of these articles favored strongly the repair of varicocele for male infertility. Since my review paper on this issue in 2001, published in Human Reproduction Update, and since advent of ICSI in 1993, I had thought that most reproductive physicians felt negatively about the benefit of varicocelectomy. However, more recent urological papers are causing this negative view to be re-evaluated...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587148/posterior-or-anterolateral-approach-in-hip-joint-arthroplasty-impact-on-frontal-plane-moment
#18
Marianne Tjur, Asger R Pedersen, William Sloth, Kjeld Søballe, Nina D Lorenzen, Maiken Stilling
BACKGROUND: Anterolateral surgical approach in hip joint arthroplasty necessitates division of the hip abductor muscle complex, which may compromise postoperative gait observed in the frontal plane. The aim of the study was to compare frontal plane moment after hip joint arthroplasty by anterolateral or posterior approach and to explore which compensatory strategies patients use to decrease frontal plane moment. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients were randomized by sealed envelopes to hip resurfacing arthroplasty surgery by anterolateral (ad modum Watson) or posterior (ad modum Moore) approach, performed by two senior surgeons...
March 21, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567037/resurfacing-hemiarthroplasty-of-the-shoulder-for-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#19
Edward F Ibrahim, Abbas Rashid, Michael Thomas
BACKGROUND: This study reports the outcome of resurfacing hemiarthroplasty (RHA) in a cohort of patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) affecting the shoulder joint METHODS: Fourteen uncemented RHA procedures were performed for 11 consecutive patients who required surgery because of JIA. Mean age at surgery was 36.4 years. Mean clinical follow-up was 10.4 years (range, 5.8-13.9 years). A significant humeral head defect (up to 40% surface area) was found in 5 shoulders and filled with autograft from the distal clavicle or femoral head allograft...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565384/risks-associated-with-glyphosate-weedkiller-resurface
#20
Stéphane Foucart, Stéphane Horel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2018: Nature
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