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med surg nursing

Thomas J Smith
BACKGROUND: Prior research documents occupancy and patient care quality (OPCQ) benefits for private room (PR) relative to multi-bed (MB) designs in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). OBJECTIVE: To extend this research design to four additional types of children's hospital units: a cardiovascular care center (CVCC), an infant care center (ICC), a medical/surgical unit (Med/Surg), and a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: Staff comments, task activities, patient care demands, and perceptual survey rankings for twelve major indicators of OPCQ were assessed with nursing staff on these units plus an NICU...
July 25, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Sharon L Farra, Sherrill Smith, Marie A Bashaw
OBJECTIVE: The National Disaster Health Consortium is an interprofessional disaster training program. Using the Hierarchical Learning Framework of Competency Sets in Disaster Medicine and Public Health, this program educates nurses and other professionals to provide competent care and leadership within the interprofessional team. This study examined outcomes of this training. METHODS: Training consisted of a combination of online and on-site training. Learning outcomes were measured by using the Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire (EPIQ) pre/post training and participant performance during live functional exercises with the use of rubrics based on Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation principles...
July 19, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Mauricio A Escobar, Carolynn J Morris
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT) view over- and undertriage rates based on trauma team activation (TTA) criteria as surrogate markers for quality trauma patient care. Undertriage occurs when classifying patients as not needing a TTA when they do. Over-triage occurs when a TTA is unnecessarily activated. ACS-COT recommends undertriage <5% and overtriage 25-35%. We sought to improve the under-triage and over-triage rates at our Level II Pediatric Trauma Center by updating our outdated trauma team activation criteria in an evidence-based fashion to better identify severely injured children and improving adherance to following established trauma team activation criteria...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Bryan E Christensen, Mary Anne Duncan, Sallyann C King, Candis Hunter, Perri Ruckart, Maureen F Orr
OBJECTIVE: A chlorine gas release occurred at a poultry processing plant as a result of an accidental mixing of sodium hypochlorite and an acidic antimicrobial treatment. We evaluated the public health and emergency medical services response and developed and disseminated public health recommendations to limit the impact of future incidents. METHODS: We conducted key informant interviews with the state health department; local fire, emergency medical services, and police departments; county emergency management; and representatives from area hospitals to understand the response mechanisms employed for this incident...
August 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Upali Nanda, Sipra Pati, Adeleh Nejati
OBJECTIVE: To study the workplace in a medical-surgical (med-surg) unit and to identify suboptimal environmental conditions that can be improved in the current unit and avoided in future design, through rapidly deployed field research and timely simulation. BACKGROUND: Literature emphasizes the importance of the healthcare workplace and the effect on patient outcomes. What is lacking are studies conducted on-site and used for immediate application in design to assess and improve workplace conditions...
2015: HERD
Hannele Saunders
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe quantitative and qualitative best evidence as sources for practical interventions usable in daily care delivery in order to integrate best evidence into clinical decision-making at local practice settings. To illustrate the development, implementation and evaluation of a pain management nursing care bundle based on a clinical practice guideline via a real-world clinical exemplar. BACKGROUND: Successful implementation of evidence-based practice requires consistent integration of best evidence into daily clinical decision-making...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Kathleen Lattavo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2013: Medsurg Nursing: Official Journal of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses
Samuel J Alper, Richard J Holden, Matthew C Scanlon, Neal Patel, Rainu Kaushal, Kathleen Skibinski, Roger L Brown, Ben-Tzion Karsh
CONTENT: Violations of safety protocols are paths to adverse outcomes that have been poorly addressed by existing safety efforts. This study reports on nurses' self-reported violations in the medication administration process. OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of violations in the medication administration process among nurses. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 199 nurses from two US urban, academic, tertiary care, free-standing paediatric hospitals who worked in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU), a haematology-oncology-transplant (HOT) unit or a medical-surgical (Med/Surg) unit...
May 2012: BMJ Quality & Safety
Thomas J Smith
UNLABELLED: This paper reports a comparative study of occupancy and patient care quality in four types of intensive care units in a children's hospital,: an Infant Care Center (ICC), a Medical/Surgical (Med/Surg) unit, a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), and a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), each featuring a mix of multi-bed and private room (PR) patient care environments. The project is prompted by interest by the project sponsor in a pre-occupancy analysis, before the units are upgraded to exclusive PR designs...
2012: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Jean Toth
UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM: Medical-surgical nursing is now the largest specialty in acute care, and needs an objective measure of basic knowledge necessary to provide safe care to patients. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations noted that healthcare organizations have in the past relied on education and experience to support competence, but an increasing number are seeking objective measures of a nurse's knowledge that is required for safe practice...
April 2011: Nursing Forum
Susan E Mason, Charles Auerbach, Heidi Heft LaPorte
This study addresses the factors influencing decisions to send medicine-surgical (med-surg) patients home or to nursing facilities (NFs). The sample (n = 7,852) was taken from a large, urban, teaching, med-surg unit where discharges were documented and data collected over a two-and-a-half-year period. Using logistical regression, the factors found to most influence the decision were age (z = 26.99, p = .000; odds = 1.06); patients diagnosed with "musculoskeletal system" problems (z = 11.07, p = .000; odds = 5...
February 2009: Health & Social Work
J B Petelin, M E Nelson, J Goodman
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the RP6 (InTouch Health, Santa Barbara, CA, USA) remote-presence "robot" appears to offer a useful telemedicine device. The authors describe the deployment and early experience with the RP6 in a community hospital and provided a live demonstration of the system on April 16, 2005 during the Emerging Technologies Session of the 2005 SAGES Meeting in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. METHODS: The RP6 is a 5-ft 4-in. tall, 215-pound robot that can be remotely controlled from an appropriately configured computer located anywhere on the Internet (i...
January 2007: Surgical Endoscopy
John M Welton, Lynn Unruh, Edward J Halloran
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the distribution of patient-to-registered nurse (RN) ratios, RN intensity of care, total staff intensity of care, RN to total staff skill mix percent, and RN costs per patient day in 65 acute community hospitals and 9 academic medical centers in Massachusetts. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective secondary analysis of the Patients First database published by the Massachusetts Hospital Association for planned nurse staffing in 601 inpatient nursing units in the state for 2005 using a multivariate linear statistical model controlling for hospital type and unit type...
September 2006: Journal of Nursing Administration
Cheryl Crocker
Weaning from mechanical ventilation is challenging and requires expert knowledge and skill. Weaning can be defined as the process of assisting patients to breathe spontaneously without mechanical ventilatory support [Am. J. Crit. Care 7 (1998) 1491. Weaning from mechanical ventilation is not about the method used but more about how that method is employed [Crit. Care Med. 27 (1999) 2331]. A review of the literature revealed that there was no one method of weaning that was superior, furthermore evidence suggests that the use of a protocol was more effective in reducing the duration of weaning [Dimensions Crit...
October 2002: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
E H Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1991: Tar Heel Nurse
V Ng, D Koh, G Chan, H Y Ong, S E Chia, C N Ong
Salivary immunoglobulin A (IgA) and lysozyme have been studied as possible biomarkers of stress. This study examined the stress levels among female nurses in various units and the relationship between these stress levels and salivary IgA and lysozyme secretion. One hundred ninety-five (43%) of 457 eligible female nurses from surgical wards/operating theaters (SURG), medical wards (MED), and outpatient clinics/day-surgery theaters (OPD) completed a self-administered questionnaire. From this group of 195 nurses, 124 provided a salivary sample accumulated over 5 minutes...
October 1999: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1988: OR Manager
V B Carson
When documenting psychiatric home care, agencies must be careful to describe their services in acceptable Medicare language. One home care agency has created a documentation system that is virtually denial-proof for eligible patients.
June 1994: Caring: National Association for Home Care Magazine
A E Freeman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 1997: Nursing Spectrum
L Mattox
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 1996: Nursing Spectrum
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