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crush syndrome

Ryan J Anderson, Bryan Corbett, Binh T Ly
A 37-year-old male presented with sharp, severe chest pain following seven days of intravenous injection of crushed morphine tablets. The chest pain was positional and pleuritic in nature and resolved with leaning forward. Work-up was notable for an ECG with inferior and anterolateral PR depressions as well as a CT chest with diffuse centrilobular nodules. Per radiology, the CT findings along with the patient's history were concerning for pulmonary granulomatosis from deposition of talc or some other foreign body...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Brian H Cohen, Michael P Gaspar, Alan H Daniels, Edward Akelman, Patrick M Kane
Double crush syndrome (DCS), as it is classically defined, is a clinical condition composed of neurological dysfunction due to compressive pathology at multiple sites along a single peripheral nerve. The traditional definition of DCS is narrow in scope because many systemic pathologic processes, such as diabetes mellitus, drug-induced neuropathy, vascular disease and autoimmune neuronal damage, can have deleterious effects on nerve function. Multifocal neuropathy is a more appropriate term describing the multiple etiologies (including compressive lesions) that may synergistically contribute to nerve dysfunction and clinical symptoms...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Thomas J Walters, Douglas Powell, Andrew Penny, Ian Stewart, Kevin Chung, Sean Keenan, Stacy Shackelford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
Behrooz Hashemi, Saeed Safari, Mostafa Hosseini, Mahmoud Yousefifard, Elham Erfani, Alireza Baratloo, Farhad Rahmati, Maryam Motamedi, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Iraj Najafi
CONTEXT: Crush syndrome and its potentially life-threatening complications, such as acute kidney injury (AKI), are one of the most important medical problems of disaster victims. However, today, many unanswered questions abound about the potential risk factors of crush syndrome, predictive factors of AKI, proper amount of prophylactic hydration therapy, type of fluid, time of continuing fluid, intravenous versus oral hydration, etc. Therefore, this study was designed to review the findings on Iranian nephrologist experiences in diagnosis and management of traumatic rhabdomyolysis following the last two strong earthquakes of Bam (2003) and Manjil-Rudbar (1990)...
June 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
Lauren E Wessel, Duretti T Fufa, R Bruce Canham, Adam La Bore, Martin I Boyer, Ryan P Calfee
BACKGROUND: Double crush syndrome, the association between proximal and distal nerve lesions, has been established. This investigation compares the outcomes of nerve surgery in patients with isolated peripheral compression versus those with double crush syndrome treated with peripheral nerve and cervical spine surgeries. METHODS: This case controlled study enrolled 80 patients; 40 underwent carpal or cubital tunnel surgery and cervical spine surgery (double crush group) and 40 controls, matched by age and sex, underwent only peripheral nerve decompression (peripheral nerve group)...
September 10, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ine I Decuyper, Athina L Van Gasse, Nathalie Cop, Vito Sabato, Margaretha Faber, Christel Mertens, Chris H Bridts, Margo M Hagendorens, Luc De Clerck, H P Rihs, Didier G Ebo
IgE-mediated Cannabis (C. sativa, marihuana) allergy seems to be on the rise. Both active and passive exposure to cannabis allergens may trigger a C. sativa sensitization and/or allergy. The clinical presentation of a C. sativa allergy varies from mild to life-threatening reactions and often seems to depend on the route of exposure. In addition, sensitization to cannabis allergens can result in various cross-allergies, mostly for plant foods. This clinical entity, designated as the "cannabis-fruit/vegetable syndrome" might also imply cross-reactivity with tobacco, natural latex and plant-food derived alcoholic beverages...
September 3, 2016: Allergy
Isamu Murata, Mai Goto, Masahiro Komiya, Risa Motohashi, Momoko Hirata, Yutaka Inoue, Ikuo Kanamoto
Crush syndrome (CS) is the systemic manifestation of muscle cell damage resulting from pressure and crushing. It is associated with a high mortality rate, even when patients are treated with conventional therapy. We demonstrated the utility of intramuscular administration of dexamethasone (DEX) in disaster medical care by using a model of CS to characterize the pharmacokinetics and biochemical parameters. We compared intravenous (IV) and intramuscular (IM) injection. The IM sites were the right anterior limb (AL), bilateral hind limbs (bHL), and unilateral hind limb (uHL)...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Qamar-Hafeez Kiani, Mudassar Qazi, Adil Khan, Muhammad Iqbal
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to establish the relationship between the timing of admission to a hospital and the severity of injuries following an earthquake. METHODS: It was a retrospective chart review of injured patients admitted to a tertiary care teaching hospital following the 2005 Pakistan earthquake. Age, gender, injury severity score, type of injuries, complications, operations, hospital stay and mortality were studied and compared at different time intervals using SPSS...
August 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Naïm Bouazza, Zoubir Djerada, Claire Gozalo, Kanetee Busiah, Jacques Beltrand, Marianne Berdugo, Saik Urien, Jean-Marc Treluyer, Michel Polak
PURPOSE: Glibenclamide (Gb) is used in type II diabetes mellitus but also in the last 10 years, off label, in patients with neonatal syndromic hyperglycemia carrying a mutation of Kir6.2 or SUR1. No studies have reported Gb pharmacokinetics in children. In this study, oral Gb pharmacokinetics was investigated in children in order to describe the concentration time courses, the influence of covariates, and the relationships between drug concentrations and efficacy. METHODS: Gb concentrations were measured in 18 children after the switch from subcutaneous insulin to oral tablets of Gb (crushed tablets for 33 % of patients)...
November 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Alexander Schulz, Robert Büttner, Andrea Toledo, Stephan L Baader, Julia von Maltzahn, Andrey Irintchev, Reinhard Bauer, Helen Morrison
In contrast to axons of the central nervous system (CNS), axons of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) show better, but still incomplete and often slow regeneration following injury. The tumor suppressor protein merlin, mutated in the hereditary tumor syndrome Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), has recently been shown to have RhoA regulatory functions in PNS neurons-in addition to its well-characterized, growth-inhibitory activity in Schwann cells. Here we report that the conditional knockout of merlin in PNS neurons leads to impaired functional recovery of mice following sciatic nerve crush injury, in a gene-dosage dependent manner...
2016: PloS One
Martyn K White, Hassen S Wollebo, J David Beckham, Kenneth L Tyler, Kamel Khalili
The emergence of Zika virus in the Americas has followed a pattern that is familiar from earlier epidemics of other viruses, where a new disease is introduced into a human population and then spreads rapidly with important public health consequences. In the case of Zika virus, an accumulating body of recent evidence implicates the virus in the etiology of serious pathologies of the human nervous system, that is, the occurrence of microcephaly in neonates and Guillain-Barré syndrome in adults. Zika virus is an arbovirus (arthropod-borne virus) and a member of the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus...
October 2016: Annals of Neurology
Junichiro Nakagawa, Naoya Matsumoto, Yuko Nakane, Kazuma Yamakawa, Tomoki Yamada, Hisatake Matsumoto, Junya Shimazaki, Yukio Imamura, Hiroshi Ogura, Takashi Jin, Takeshi Shimazu
Crush syndrome is a devastating condition leading to multiple organ failure. The mechanisms by which local traumatic injuries affect distant organs remain unknown. ETS-GS is a novel water-soluble, stable anti-oxidative agent composed of vitamin E derivative. Given that one of the main pathophysiological effects in crush syndrome is massive ischemia-reperfusion, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated from the injured extremities would be systemically involved in distant organ damage. We investigated whether ETS-GS could suppress inflammatory response and improve mortality in a rat model of crush injury...
June 28, 2016: Shock
Luis O Chavez, Monica Leon, Sharon Einav, Joseph Varon
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis is a clinical syndrome that comprises destruction of skeletal muscle with outflow of intracellular muscle content into the bloodstream. There is a great heterogeneity in the literature regarding definition, epidemiology, and treatment. The aim of this systematic literature review was to summarize the current state of knowledge regarding the epidemiologic data, definition, and management of rhabdomyolysis. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted using the keywords "rhabdomyolysis" and "crush syndrome" covering all articles from January 2006 to December 2015 in three databases (MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and ScienceDirect)...
June 15, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Ann Butler Maher
Neurological system assessment is an important skill for the orthopaedic nurse because the nervous system has such an overlap with the musculoskeletal system. Nurses whose scope of practice includes such advanced evaluation, e.g. nurse practitioners, may conduct the examination described here but the information will also be useful for nurses caring for patients who have abnormal neurological assessment findings. Within the context of orthopaedic physical assessment, possible neurological findings are evaluated as they complement the patient's history and the examiner's findings...
August 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
Kate E Elzinga, Matthew W T Curran, Michael J Morhart, K Ming Chan, Jaret L Olson
Reconstruction of the suprascapular nerve (SSN) after brachial plexus injury often involves nerve grafting or a nerve transfer. To restore shoulder abduction and external rotation, a branch of the spinal accessory nerve is commonly transferred to the SSN. To allow reinnervation of the SSN, any potential compression points should be released to prevent a possible double crush syndrome. For that reason, the authors perform a release of the superior transverse scapular ligament at the suprascapular notch in all patients undergoing reconstruction of the upper trunk of the brachial plexus...
July 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
Gaku Matsuzawa, Hirotaka Sano, Hideji Ohnuma, Akihito Tomiya, Yoshiyuki Kuwahara, Chihiro Hashimoto, Itaru Imamura, Satoru Ishibashi, Michio Kobayashi, Masakazu Kobayashi, Tadashi Ishii, Iwao Kaneda, Eiji Itoi
BACKGROUND: In the Great East Japan Earthquake, the Japanese Red Cross Ishinomaki Hospital played an important role as a principal referral center within the Ishinomaki region, one of the most severely affected areas in eastern Japan. The present study describes the patient population, clinical characteristics, and time courses of the medical problems observed at this hospital. METHODS: A retrospective survey of medical logs and records was conducted on the first 2 weeks after the earthquake to characterize orthopedic traumas and related disorders treated during this catastrophe...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Kelly Wallin, Hienvu Nguyen, Lindsay Russell, Daniel K Lee
Acute compartment syndrome of the lower leg and foot is a not widely reported, but serious, potential complication that can develop after fractures, crush injuries, or high-velocity trauma of the lower extremity. Early recognition and treatment are critical in preventing morbidity and permanent complications. Although compartment syndrome of the lower leg and foot has been well-studied and documented in adults, its occurrence in the pediatric population is rare. We performed a systematic review of the published data and present the case of the youngest patient with isolated ACS of the foot...
July 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Bo-Shi Fan, En-Hui Zhang, Miao Wu, Jin-Min Guo, Ding-Feng Su, Xia Liu, Jian-Guang Yu
On-site mortality in crush syndrome remains high due to lack of effective drugs based on definite diagnosis. Anisodamine (Ani) is widely used in China for treatment of shock, and activation of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) mediates such antishock effect. The present work was designed to test whether activation of α7nAChR with Ani decreased mortality in crush syndrome shortly after decompression. Sprague-Dawley rats and C57BL/6 mice with crush syndrome were injected with Ani (20 mg/kg and 28 mg/kg respectively, i...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Yi Tang, Ling Zhang, Ying-ying Yang, Yu-liang Zhao, Ping Fu
OBJECTIVE: Crush syndrome (CS) is a common critical condition. This study aimed to establish crush syndrome goat model through muscle injection of glycerol and test the effect of continuous veno-venous hemofiltraion (CVVH). METHODS: 12 male goats at 12-15 months age were randomly assigned into control, model, and CVVH groups. After 2 weeks of normal feeding, the goats were weighed and stripped off foods for 24 h. Goats in the model and CVVH groups were then injected with 50% glycerol athind legs...
January 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Natale Gaspare De Santo, Carmela Bisaccia, Luca Salvatore De Santo
Following the Messina-Reggio Calabria earthquake (December 28, 1908) outstanding medical reports were published by Franz von Colmers (1875-1960), Antonino D'Antona (1842-1913), and Rocco Caminiti (1868-1940). The reports of D'Antona and Caminiti were heretofore neglected. Colmers, D'Antona and Caminiti described crush-syndrome. D'Antona who cured patients in shock also described two deaths due to uraemia. This gives him a priority in the description of crush syndrome with renal injury which has been traditionally attributed to Bywaters and Beall...
2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
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