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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723728/memory-related-functional-connectivity-in-visual-processing-regions-varies-by-prior-emotional-context
#1
Holly J Bowen, Elizabeth A Kensinger
Memory retrieval involves the reactivation of processes that were engaged at encoding. Using a Generalized Linear Model to test for effects of valence, our prior study suggests that memory for information previously encoded in a negative context reengages sensory processing regions at retrieval to a greater extent than positive. Here, we used partial least squares analyses of the same dataset to determine whether this valence-specific processing was one of the dominant patterns in the retrieval data. Trials previously paired with a face revealed a strong pattern of emotion that did not vary by valence, but for trials previously paired with a scene, an extensive network of regions was active during recollection of trials paired with negative content...
July 18, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723302/why-use-group-visits-for-opioid-use-disorder-treatment-in-primary-care-a-patient-centered-qualitative-study
#2
Randi Sokol, Chiara Albanese, Deviney Chaponis, Jessica Early, George Maxted, Diana Morrill, Grace Poirier, Fran Puopolo, Zev Schuman-Olivier
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers are well positioned to respond to the opioid crisis by providing buprenorphine/naloxone (B/N) through shared medical appointments (SMA). While quantitative research has been previously conducted on SMAs with B/N, we conducted a qualitative assessment from the patients' point of view, considering whether and how group visits provide value for patients. METHODS: Twenty-five participants with opioid use disorder (OUD) who were enrolled in a weekly B/N group visit at a family medicine clinic participated in either of two one-hour-long focus groups, which were conducted as actual group visits...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722644/children-diagnosed-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-their-parents-a-qualitative-study-about-perceptions-of-living-with-apd
#3
Sarah Lawton, Suzanne C Purdy, Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren
BACKGROUND: Negative psychosocial consequences have been reported for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). The current literature surrounding APD does not sufficiently address the emotional and psychological consequences of living with the disorder. It is recommended that data be collected from multiple sources, including the child living with APD. Subjective reports of the perceptions of children with APD and their families have real-life validity and can inform clinical decisions and guide future research...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722534/valence-evaluation-with-approaching-or-withdrawing-cues-directly-testing-valence-arousal-conflict-theory
#4
Yan Mei Wang, Ting Li, Lin Li
The valence-arousal conflict theory assumes that both valence and arousal will trigger approaching or withdrawing tendencies. It also predicts that the speed of processing emotional stimuli will depend on whether valence and arousal trigger conflicting or congruent motivational tendencies. However, most previous studies have provided evidence of the interaction between valence and arousal only, and have not provided direct proof of the interactive links between valence, arousal and motivational tendencies. The present study provides direct evidence for the relationship between approach-withdrawal tendencies and the valence-arousal conflict...
July 19, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722182/risk-and-adversity-parenting-quality-and-children-s-social-emotional-adjustment-in-families-experiencing-homelessness
#5
Madelyn H Labella, Angela J Narayan, Christopher M McCormick, Christopher D Desjardins, Ann S Masten
A multimethod, multi-informant design was used to examine links among sociodemographic risk, family adversity, parenting quality, and child adjustment in families experiencing homelessness. Participants were 245 homeless parents (Mage  = 31.0, 63.6% African American) and their 4- to 6-year-old children (48.6% male). Path analyses revealed unique associations by risk domain: Higher sociodemographic risk predicted more externalizing behavior and poorer teacher-child relationships, whereas higher family adversity predicted more internalizing behavior...
July 19, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722166/choir-singing-and-creative-writing-enhance-emotion-regulation-in-adults-with-chronic-mental-health-conditions
#6
Genevieve A Dingle, Elyse Williams, Jolanda Jetten, Jonathon Welch
OBJECTIVES: Adults with mental health conditions commonly experience difficulties with emotion regulation which affect their social functioning. Arts-based groups provide opportunities for shared emotional experiences and emotion regulation. This study explores emotion regulation strategies and the emotional effects of arts-based group participation in adults with mental health problems and in controls. DESIGN AND METHOD: The 62 participants included 39 adults with chronic mental health problems who were members of arts-based groups (ABG) and 23 comparison choir (CC) members who were not specifically experiencing mental health problems...
July 18, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722022/opioid-release-after-high-intensity-interval-training-in-healthy-human-subjects
#7
Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Tuominen, Jetro J Tuulari, Lauri Nummenmaa, Eveliina Arponen, Kari Kalliokoski, Jussi Hirvonen
Central opioidergic mechanisms may modulate the positive effects of physical exercise such as mood elevation and stress reduction. How exercise intensity and concomitant affective changes affect central opioidergic responses is unknown. We studied the effects of acute physical exercise on the cerebral μ-opioid receptors (MOR) of 22 healthy recreationally active males using positron emission tomography (PET) and the MOR-selective radioligand [(11)C]carfentanil. MOR binding was measured in three conditions on separate days: after a 60-min aerobic moderate-intensity exercise session, after a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) session, and after rest...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721109/association-of-social-support-with-gratitude-and-sense-of-coherence-in-japanese-young-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Tomoko Fujitani, Kumiko Ohara, Katsuyasu Kouda, Tomoki Mase, Chiemi Miyawaki, Katsumasa Momoi, Yoshimitsu Okita, Maki Furutani, Harunobu Nakamura
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown that perceived social support is associated with gratitude and sense of coherence, but evidence for this concept remains scarce. In the present study, we investigated relationships between social support, gratitude, and sense of coherence, focusing on the construct of and source of social support among young women. METHODS: The study was conducted in 2014 in Japan. Participants comprised 208 female university students (aged 19...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721052/study-of-the-combinatorial-impact-of-empathy-and-emotion-on-the-processing-of-conflicts-of-interest-with-the-event-related-potential-technique
#9
Xiaoli He, Ni Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Studies have found that empathy is important in moral development and violence suppression, and emotion also affects empathy. However, the combinatorial effect of emotion and empathy on the processing of conflicts is not known. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 undergraduate students (23 in low-empathy group and 21 in high-empathy group) were enrolled in this study. They were subjected to positive, negative, and neutral emotion evoking, as well as conflicting or nonconflicting proposals...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721048/adapting-the-short-form-of-the-coping-inventory-for-stressful-situations-into-chinese
#10
Chun Li, Qing Liu, Ti Hu, Xiaoyan Jin
OBJECTIVES: The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) is a measurement tool for evaluating stress that has good psychometric properties. We investigated the applicability of a short-form version of the CISS in a large sample of Chinese university students. METHODS: Nine hundred and seventy-two Chinese university students aged 18-30 years (mean =20.15, standard deviation =3.26) were chosen as subjects, of whom 101 were randomly selected to be retested after a 2-week interval...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720749/effects-of-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-factors-on-the-level-of-hope-and-psychological-health-status-of-patients-with-cervical-cancer-during-radiotherapy
#11
Li-Rong Li, Mei-Guang Lin, Juan Liang, Qiong-Yan Hu, Dan Chen, Meng-Ying Lan, Wu-Qing Liang, Yu-Ting Zeng, Ting Wang, Gui-Fen Fu
BACKGROUND This study aimed to explore the factors affecting the level of hope and psychological health status of patients with cervical cancer (CC) during radiotherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 480 CC patients were recruited. Psychological distress scale, Herth hope index, functional assessment cancer therapy-cervix, and Jolowiec coping scale were used to conduct surveys on psychological distress, level of hope, quality of life (QOL), and coping style to analyze the factors affecting the level of hope and psychological health status of CC patients...
July 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720262/nothing-is-more-important-than-my-partner-s-health-turkish-men-s-perspectives-on-partner-s-appearance-after-mastectomy-and-alopecia
#12
Ayla Gürsoy, Sema Koçan, Cemile Aktuğ
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to acquire a deeper understanding of male experiences on the emotional and social impact of their partners' mastectomy and chemotherapy-induced alopecia. METHODS: A purposive sample of 16 males whose partners had undergone mastectomy and alopecia due to chemotherapy was chosen. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview method. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of tape-recorded interviews was employed. RESULTS: Two main themes emerged from the data: facing the changes and my wife and I at present...
August 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719553/the-effect-of-a-lay-led-group-based-self-management-program-for-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-danish-version-of-the-chronic-pain-self-management-programme
#13
Mimi Mehlsen, Lea Hegaard, Eva Ørnbøl, Jens Søndergaard Jensen, Per Fink, Lisbeth Frostholm
The Stanford Chronic Pain Self-Management Programme (CPSMP) consists of six 2½-hour weekly workshops focusing on how to manage pain in daily life. The workshops are facilitated by two workshop leaders of whom at least one must suffer from a long-term pain condition. The program is highly structured and manualized. Only few controlled trials testing the effect of CPSMP exist.Enrolled in the study were 424 adults from 19 Danish municipalities, (72% women; age: 25-93 years) with pain of any etiology and great variation in pain history (0-50 yrs)...
June 22, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718967/seeing-the-big-picture-broadening-attention-relieves-sadness-and-depressed-mood
#14
Li Gu, Xueling Yang, Liman Man Wai Li, Xinyue Zhou, Ding-Guo Gao
We examined whether the broadened attentional scope would affect people's sad or depressed mood with two experiments, enlightened by the meaning of "seeing the big picture" and the broaden-and-build model. Experiment 1 (n = 164) is a laboratory-based experiment, in which we manipulated the attentional scope by showing participants zoomed-out or zoomed-in scenes. In Experiment 2 (n = 44), we studied how depressed mood and positive and negative emotions were affected when participants watched distant versus proximal scenes for eight weeks in real life...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718757/the-impact-of-dispositional-variables-of-elders-relatives-and-paid-caregivers-on-elders-empowerment-and-life-satisfaction
#15
Manuela Tomai, Lina Pezzuti, Minou Mebane, Maura Benedetti, Annalisa Moro
Background/Study Context: The impact of dispositional characteristic of elders' closest network members on elders' life satisfaction and empowerment has remained largely unexplored. This innovative study aimed to assess the impact of dispositional variables of elders, relatives, and paid caregivers on life satisfaction and empowerment of elders. METHODS: One hundred forty-three triads (one elder, one paid caregiver, and one relative) completed six scales measuring modifiable personality characteristics (loneliness, optimism, regulation of positive and negative emotions), life satisfaction, and sense of empowerment...
July 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718396/a-structured-literature-review-on-the-role-of-mindfulness-mindful-eating-and-intuitive-eating-in-changing-eating-behaviours-effectiveness-and-associated-potential-mechanisms
#16
Janet M Warren, Nicola Smith, Margaret Ashwell
The role of mindfulness, mindful eating and a newer concept of intuitive eating in modulating eating habits is an area of increasing interest. In this structured literature review, a summary of the current evidence is presented, together with details of interventions undertaken and the tools to measure outcomes. It is broad in scope given the emerging evidence base in this area. The review yielded sixty-eight publications: twenty-three interventions in obese/overweight populations; twenty-nine interventions in normal-weight populations; sixteen observational studies, three of which were carried out in overweight/obese populations...
July 18, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718342/reconsidering-the-roles-of-gratitude-and-indebtedness-in-social-exchange
#17
Cong Peng, Rob M A Nelissen, Marcel Zeelenberg
Receiving favors is often a mixed blessing and commonly triggers two emotions: the positive emotion gratitude and negative emotion indebtedness. In three studies, we examined the hypothesis that gratitude and indebtedness have distinct functions in social exchange. Contrary to current views, we believe that the function of gratitude does not primarily reside in facilitating social exchange. Instead, we propose that indebtedness motivates people to repay favours received, and thus accounts for most of the prosocial effects commonly attributed to gratitude...
July 18, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718221/multidimensional-assessment-of-quality-of-life-of-children-and-problems-of-parents-in-indian-society-after-pediatric-renal-transplant-beyond-the-conventional-thoughts
#18
Priyank Yadav, Sandeep Nunia, Ankur Bansal, Sanjoy K Sureka, Rahul Jena, Mohd Sualeh Ansari, Aneesh Srivastava
This study evaluated multidimensional QoL after renal transplant to find the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues after pediatric transplant. Sixty-two patients under the age of 18 at the time of assessment were asked to complete WHOQOL questionnaires. Assessment of behavioral, emotional status of child, problems of parents, and SEC of family were also performed. The beneficial effect of transplantation was observed across all domains of QoL (physical, psychological, social, environmental, and overall QoL)...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716612/impulsive-personality-dimensions-are-associated-with-altered-behavioral-performance-and-neural-responses-in-the-monetary-incentive-delay-task
#19
Ruolei Gu, Yang Jiang, Seth Kiser, Chelsea L Black, Lucas S Broster, Yue-Jia Luo, Thomas H Kelly
Individual differences in dimensions of impulsivity personality including disinhibition and sensation seeking modulate approach responses to reinforcing stimuli, such as drugs and money. The current study examined the effects of monetary incentive on both behavioral performance and electrophysiological activity among individuals varying in disinhibition and sensation seeking. The monetary incentive delay (MID) task was completed under electroencephalogram (EEG) recording. Behavioral data showed that higher disinhibition and sensation-seeking were associated with lower performance accuracy...
July 14, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715925/factors-associated-with-care-workers-intention-to-leave-employment-in-nursing-homes-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-swiss-nursing-homes-human-resources-project
#20
Clergia Gaudenz, Sabina De Geest, René Schwendimann, Franziska Zúñiga
The emerging care personnel shortage in Swiss nursing homes is aggravated by high turnover rates. As intention to leave is a predictor of turnover, awareness of its associated factors is essential. This study applied a secondary data analysis to evaluate the prevalence and variability of 3,984 nursing home care workers' intention to leave. Work environment factors and care worker outcomes were tested via multiple regression analysis. Although 56% of care workers reported intention to leave, prevalences varied widely between facilities...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
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