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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784484/advanced-concepts-of-atrioventricular-nodal-electrophysiology-observations-on-the-mechanisms-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reciprocating-tachycardias
#1
REVIEW
Giuseppe Bagliani, Fabio M Leonelli, Roberto De Ponti, Luigi Padeletti
Atrioventricular node reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is a supraventricular arrhythmia easily diagnosed by 12-lead electrocardiogram. What is far more challenging, is the understanding of the reentrant circuit in its typical and atypical presentations. The function of the atrioventricular node is still incomplete and this knowledge gap is reflected in the reconstruction of the pathways used by AVNRT in its multiform presentations. This article illustrates the heterogeneous electrocardiographic manifestations of AVNRT...
June 2018: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766449/value-of-an-old-school-approach-safety-and-long-term-success-of-radiofrequency-current-catheter-ablation-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia-in-children-and-young-adolescents
#2
Henrike Siebels, Christian Sohns, Jan-Hendrik Nürnberg, Jürgen Siebels, Klaus Langes, Joachim Hebe
PURPOSE: Radiofrequency current energy (RFC) ablation is still considered as the gold standard for atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). Success-rates for AVNRT ablation vary irrespective of the ablation technology and strategy. This study aimed to access safety, efficacy, and long-term outcome of RFC catheter ablation for the treatment of AVNRT in children and adolescents aged < 19 years with special focus on modulation versus ablation of the AV nodal slow pathway (SP)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733473/the-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-co-existed-atrioventricular-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia-and-idiopathic-left-fascicular-ventricular-tachycardia
#3
Fa-Po Chung, Vu Van Ba, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Tze-Fan Chao, Jo-Nan Liao, Chin-Yu Lin, Ming-Hsiung Hsieh, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: Co-existence of idiopathic left fascicular ventricular tachycardia (ILFVT) and atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) has been rarely reported. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed at elucidating the prevalence of co-existed AVNRT in patients with ILFVT during longitudinal follow-up. The electrophysiological properties and clinical predictors of co-existed ILFVT and AVNRT were investigated. METHODS: From 1999 to 2017, a total of 108 patients (age: 33...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725383/therapeutic-effect-of-radiofrequency-ablation-on-children-with-supraventricular-tachycardia-and-the-risk-factors-for-postoperative-recurrence
#4
Chunli Li, Libo Jia, Zhenzhou Wang, Ling Niu, Xinjiang An
The present study investigated the therapeutic effect of radiofrequency ablation on children with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), and explored the risk factors for postoperative recurrence. A total of 312 patients with pediatric SVT were selected in the Affiliated Children's Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from April, 2011 to March, 2017. All the patients were subjected to radiofrequency ablation, and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Tilt table test was performed before and after treatment, and heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure before and after treatment were compared...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611170/feasibility-of-zero-or-near-zero-fluoroscopy-during-catheter-ablation-procedures
#5
Laurent M Haegeli, Linda Stutz, Mohammed Mohsen, Thomas Wolber, Corinna Brunckhorst, Chol-Jun On, Firat Duru
BACKGROUND: Awareness of risks associated with radiation exposure to patients and medical staff has significantly increased. It has been reported before that the use of advanced three-dimensional electro-anatomical mapping (EAM) system significantly reduces fluoroscopy time, however this study aimed for zero or near zero fluoroscopy ablation to assess its feasibility and safety in ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) and other tachyarrhythmias in a "real world" experience of a single tertiary care center...
April 3, 2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580297/clinical-impact-of-pure-empirical-catheter-ablation-of-slow-pathway-in-patients-with-non-ecg-documented-clinical-on-off-tachycardia
#6
Shqipe Gerguri, Nikesh Jathanna, Tina Lin, Patrick Müller, Lukas Clasen, Jan Schmidt, Muhammed Kurt, Dong-In Shin, Christian Blockhaus, Malte Kelm, Alexander Fürnkranz, Hisaki Makimoto
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of slow-pathway (CaSP) has been reported to be effective in patients with dual atrioventricular nodal conduction properties (dcp-AVN) and clinical ECG documentation but without the induction of tachycardia during electrophysiological studies (EPS). However, it is unknown whether CaSP is beneficial in the absence of pre-procedural ECG documentation and without the induction of tachycardia during EPS. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term results after a "pure" empirical CaSP (peCaSP)...
March 27, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578424/influence-of-catheter-ablation-of-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia-on-patients-anxiety
#7
G Papiashvili, N Tabagari-Bregvadze, J Brugada
The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of catheter ablation of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia on patients' anxiety levels. We investigated 70 consecutive patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (AV Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia (AVNRT), AV Reentrant Tachycardia (AVRT) or Atrial Tachycardia (AT)) who underwent a catheter ablation. The patients filled out the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) before the ablation on the day of the procedure and after 3 months of a successful catheter ablation...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578423/impact-of-radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-on-health-related-quality-of-life-assessed-by-the-sf-36-questionnaire-in-patients-with-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia
#8
G Papiashvili, N Tabagari-Bregvadze, J Brugada
The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of catheter ablation on different aspects of health-related quality of life in association with patients' age, gender and the type of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. We investigated 70 consecutive patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (AV Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia (AVNRT), AV Reentrant Tachycardia (AVRT) or Atrial Tachycardia (AT)) who underwent a catheter ablation. The patients were asked to fill out the short form (SF-36) health questionnaire before the ablation on the day of the procedure and after 3 months of a successful catheter ablation and eight health concept scores (1...
February 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556909/outcome-of-slow-pathway-modulation-for-atrioventricular-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia-with-50-versus-30-watts-more-power-more-effect
#9
Dirk G Dechering, Ruben Schleberger, Eva Greiser, Jannis Dickow, Julia Koebe, Gerrit Frommeyer, Stephan Willems, Lars Eckardt, Boris A Hoffmann, Kristina Wasmer
PURPOSE: Slow pathway modulation is the treatment of choice in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT). No comparative data on ablation strategies exist. Therefore, we sought to compare two common ablation approaches. METHODS: We analyzed prospective ablation databases of two high-volume tertiary centers (> 1000 ablations/year) using either 30 or 50 W for slow pathway modulation from 2012 to 2013. We analyzed procedural characteristics as well as short- and long-term outcomes...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540373/left-septal-slow-pathway-ablation-for-atrioventricular-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia
#10
Demosthenes G Katritsis, Roy M John, Rakesh Latchamsetty, Rahul G Muthalaly, Theodoros Zografos, George D Katritsis, William G Stevenson, Igor R Efimov, Fred Morady
BACKGROUND: Immunohistochemistry studies suggest that the anatomic substrate of the slow pathway in atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is the left inferior nodal extension. We hypothesized that slow pathway ablation from the left septum is an effective alternative to right-sided ablation. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed our databases of AVNRT in search of cases that had used slow pathway ablation from the left septum because of failure of right septal ablation, and then prospectively subjected consenting patients to a left septal-only procedure...
March 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482981/pediatric-catheter-ablation-characteristics-and-results-of-a-series-in-a-tertiary-referral-hospital
#11
Andrés Alonso-García, Felipe Atienza, Pablo Ávila, Clara Ugueto, Miriam Centeno, Reyes Álvarez, Tomás Datino, Esteban González-Torrecilla, Evaristo Castellanos, Gerard Loughlin, Constancio Medrano, Ángel Arenal, Francisco Fernández-Avilés
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Catheter ablation has become the treatment of choice in an increasing number of arrhythmias in children and adolescents. There is still limited evidence of its use at a national level in Spain. The aim was to describe the characteristics and results of a modern monocentric series form a referral tertiary care centre. METHODS: Retrospective register of invasive procedures between 2004 and 2016 performed in patients under 17 years and recorded clinical characteristic, ablation methodology and acute and chronic results of the procedure...
February 23, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478804/a-case-of-wolff-parkinson-white-syndrome-presenting-spontaneous-mutual-frequent-transition-between-atrioventricular-reciprocating-tachycardia-and-atrioventricular-nodal-re-entrant-tachycardia
#12
Hidekazu Kondo, Tetsuji Shinohara, Toyokazu Otsubo, Miho Miyoshi, Akira Fukui, Takeshi Tsuchiya, Naohiko Takahashi
Atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT) and atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia (AVNRT) can coexist and present unidirectional transition (from AVRT to AVNRT, or from AVNRT to AVRT) in a single patient. Actually, such cases have already been reported previously. However, a case with spontaneous bidirectional transition of both tachycardias during supraventricular tachycardia has never been reported. This article describes a case with spontaneous, mutual, and frequent transition between AVRT and AVNRT...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476203/first-experience-with-zero-fluoroscopic-ablation-for-supraventricular-tachycardias-using-a-novel-impedance-and-magnetic-field-based-mapping-system
#13
Katie A Walsh, Joseph Galvin, John Keaney, Edward Keelan, Gabor Szeplaki
AIMS: Zero- and near-zero-fluoroscopic ablation techniques reduce the harmful effects of ionizing radiation during invasive electrophysiology procedures. We aimed to test the feasibility and safety of a zero-fluoroscopic strategy using a novel integrated magnetic and impedance-based electroanatomical mapping system for radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of supraventricular tachycardias (SVTs). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 92 consecutive patients undergoing electrophysiology studies with/without RFA for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) performed by a single operator at a single center...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433068/a-simplified-approach-for-evaluating-sustained-slow-pathway-conduction-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reentry-tachycardia-in-children-and-adults
#14
Janusz Sledz, Michal Labus, Mariusz Mazij, Monika Klank-Szafran, Dariusz Karbarz, Bartosz Ludwik, Jacek Kusa, Karol Deutsch, Leslaw Szydlowski, Adrian Mscisz, Jerzy Spikowski, Aleksandra Morka, Tomasz Kameczura, Aleksandra Swietoniowska-Mscisz, Sebastian Stec
PURPOSE: During incremental atrial pacing in patients with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia, the PR interval often exceeds the RR interval (PR > RR) during stable 1:1 AV conduction. However, the PR/RR ratio has never been evaluated in a large group of patients with pacing from the proximal coronary sinus and after isoproterenol challenge. Our study validates new site of pacing and easier method of identification of PR > RR. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective protocol of incremental atrial pacing from the proximal coronary sinus was carried out in 398 patients (AVNRT-228 and control-170)...
February 10, 2018: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397525/coronary-sinus-morphology-in-pediatric-patients-with-supraventricular-tachycardia
#15
Matthew B Ambrose, Jennifer N Avari Silva, Michael Rudokas, Tammy M Bowman, Joshua Murphy, George F Van Hare
PURPOSE: The anatomic basis of atrioventricular node reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) remains incompletely characterized in children. Differences in coronary sinus (CS) size and morphology have been observed in adults with AVNRT but have not been well characterized in children. METHODS: Children (< 18 years) brought to the EP lab with supraventricular tachycardia for ablation underwent CS venography. A blinded pediatric interventional cardiologist performed CS measurements, which were indexed to body surface area...
March 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396561/next-generation-sequencing-of-av-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia-patients-identifies-broad-spectrum-of-variants-in-ion-channel-genes
#16
Laura Andreasen, Gustav Ahlberg, Chuyi Tang, Charlotte Andreasen, Jacob P Hartmann, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Elijah R Behr, Steen Pehrson, Stig Haunsø, LuCamp, Peter E Weeke, Thomas Jespersen, Morten S Olesen, Jesper H Svendsen
Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) is the most common form of regular paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. This arrhythmia affects women twice as frequently as men, and is often diagnosed in patients <40 years of age. Familial clustering, early onset of symptoms and lack of structural anomaly indicate involvement of genetic factors in AVNRT pathophysiology. We hypothesized that AVNRT patients have a high prevalence of variants in genes that are highly expressed in the atrioventricular conduction axis of the heart and potentially involved in arrhythmic diseases...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387326/performance-of-electrophysiologic-study-in-an-asymptomatic-patient-with-type-2-intermittent-brugada-syndrome-to-do-or-not-to-do
#17
Kaveh Hosseini, Mansour Jahangiri, Ali Vasheghani Farahani
Background: Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited channelopathy, which is associated with sudden cardiac death due to rapid polymorphic VT or VF. There is no definite consensus regarding the management of asymptomatic patients. Some experts advocate close follow-up; others propose the programmed stimulation for risk stratification. We aimed to evaluate the benefit of complete atrial and ventricular stimulation in patients with BrS and palpitation. Case Presentation: A 30-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of a family history of sudden cardiac death (SCD) at age less than 45 years...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342991/-an-analysis-of-clinical-characteristics-and-acute-treatment-of-supraventricular-tachycardia-in-children-from-a-multicenter-study
#18
X M Li, H Y Ge, X Q Liu, L Shi, B J Guo, M T Li, H Jiang, Y Zhang, H J Liu, X C Zheng, A J Li, Y Y Zhang
Objective: The study assessed the clinical characteristics and response to acute intravenous antiarrhythmic drug therapy of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in children. Methods: This was a multicenter prospective descriptive study including 257 children from First Hospital of Tsinghua University, Peking University First Hospital, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics and Beijing Anzhen Hospital who received intravenous antiarrhythmic drug therapy for SVT from July 2014 to February 2017...
January 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318633/long-term-outcomes-following-cryoablation-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reentrant-tachycardia-in-children
#19
Mehmet Karacan, Nida Çelik, Celal Akdeniz, Volkan Tuzcu
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) is a common tachyarrhythmia substrate in children, which is successfully treated by catheter ablation using radiofrequency or cryothermal energy. In recent years, cryoablation (Cryo) using electroanatomical system guidance is more commonly preferred for use in children in order to decrease the risk of an atrioventricular block. However, there are concerns regarding the long-term efficacy of Cryo in treating AVNRT. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and long-term efficacy of Cryo for AVNRT in children...
January 9, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302263/radiofrequency-catheter-ablation-of-atrioventricular-nodal-reentry-tachycardia-in-children-and-adolescents-a-single-center-experience
#20
Myung Chul Hyun
Purpose: Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) is less common in pediatric patients than in adult patients. Thus, data for pediatric AVNRT patients are insufficient. Hence, we aimed to analyze the patient characteristics, treatment, and any recurrences in pediatric AVNRT patients. Methods: We reviewed the records of 50 pediatric AVNRT patients who had undergone radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) between January 1998 and December 2016 at a single regional center...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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