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Holter ECG

Jonathan Lichtenberger, Kathryn M Meurs, Etienne Côté
Cardiac arrhythmias often are transient and might not be detected using conventional electrocardiographic (ECG) techniques. The adhesive patch monitor (APM) is a single-lead, lightweight, up to 14-day continuous ambulatory ECG monitor. This study aimed to prospectively assess its usability in four boxer dogs considered either to be healthy or to have arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy. Optimal recording was obtained by placing the APM on the left side of the animal's thorax, at the fifth intercostal space, slightly dorsal to the costochondral junction, and oriented either vertically or parallel to the long axis of the heart...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
Elizabeth Regina Carvalho, Roberto Andrés Navarrete Ampuero, Giovana Laís Ruviaro Tuleski, Aparecido Antonio Camacho, Marlos Gonçalves Sousa
Ventricular arrhythmias (VA) are a recognized concern in dogs with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD). The coupling interval (CI) and the prematurity index (PI) have been shown to accurately differentiate between benign and malignant VA in people, where ventricular arrhythmias are known to be associated with an increased risk of development of signs of heart failure or sudden death. In this study, we characterized ventricular arrhythmias in dogs with symptomatic and asymptomatic DMVD. Seventy dogs with naturally-occurring DMVD and ventricular arrhythmias were retrospectively studied...
March 13, 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
Yeonsik Noh, Hugo F Posada-Quintero, Yan Bai, Joseph White, John P Florian, Peter R Brink, Ki H Chon
Prolonged and high pressure diving may lead to various physiological changes including significant alterations of autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity that may be associated with altered physical performance, decompression sickness, or central nervous system oxygen toxicity. Ideally, researchers could elucidate ANS function before, during, and after dives that are most associated with altered function and adverse outcomes. However, we have a limited understanding of the activities of the ANS especially during deeper prolonged SCUBA diving because there has never been a convenient way to collect physiological data during deep dives...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Evan D Muse, Nathan E Wineinger, Emily G Spencer, Melissa Peters, Riley Henderson, Yunyue Zhang, Paddy M Barrett, Steven P Rivera, Jay G Wohlgemuth, James J Devlin, Dov Shiffman, Eric J Topol
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most commonly encountered arrhythmia and is associated with an elevated risk of stroke. Improving the identification of patients with the highest risk for AF to enable appropriate surveillance and treatment, if necessary, is critical to reducing AF-associated morbidity and mortality. Multiple common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are unequivocally associated with the lifetime risk of AF. In the current study we aimed to prospectively validate an AF genetic risk score (GRS) in previously undiagnosed patients at risk for AF...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
Eva A H Lanters, Christophe P Teuwen, Ameeta Yaksh, Charles Kik, Lisette J M E van der Does, Elisabeth M J P Mouws, Paul Knops, Nicole J van Groningen, Thijmen Hokken, Ad J J C Bogers, Natasja M S de Groot
BACKGROUND: Early postoperative atrial fibrillation (EPoAF) is associated with thromboembolic events, prolonged hospitalization, and development of late PoAF (LPoAF). It is, however, unknown if EPoAF can be predicted by intraoperative AF inducibility. The aims of this study are therefore to explore (1) the value of intraoperative inducibility of AF for development of both EPoAF and LPoAF and (2) the predictive value of de novo EPoAF for recurrence of LPoAF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients (N=496, 75% male) undergoing cardiothoracic surgery for coronary and/or valvular heart disease were included...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Irene A Hurst, Gregory Webster, Kerri Z Machut, Nina Gotteiner, Ahmad Sami Chaouki, Elizabeth N Groothuis, Karna Murthy
OBJECTIVE(S): In well-appearing newborns with suspected cardiac ectopy, we sought to evaluate our practice and test whether initial electrocardiogram (ECG) findings were associated with neonatal arrhythmias (NA). STUDY DESIGN: We identified well-appearing, non-anomalous infants >34 weeks' gestation with suspected ectopy over 3.5 years. NA was defined as ≥10% premature atrial contractions (PAC), ≥5 beats of atrial tachycardia, ≥2% premature ventricular contractions (PVCs), or ≥3 beats of ventricular tachycardia...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Salma I Patel, Michael J Ackerman, Fadi E Shamoun, Jeffrey B Geske, Steve R Ommen, William T Love, Stephen S Cha, Johan M Bos, Steven J Lester
INTRODUCTION: Risk assessment for sudden cardiac death (SCD) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) remains complex. The goal of this study was to assess electrocardiogram (ECG)-derived risk factors on SCD in a large HCM population Methods: Retrospective review of adults with HCM evaluated at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN from 1 December 2002 to 31 December 2012 was performed. Data inclusive of ECG and 24-hour ambulatory Holter monitor were assessed. SCD events were documented by ventricular fibrillation (VF) noted on implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), or appropriate VT or VF-terminating ICD shock...
March 7, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
Günther Neumayr, Peter Lechleitner
OBJECTIVE: A vacation is considered essential to achieve recovery from the stress of work. Knowledge about the potential health effects of holidays is scarce. The East Tyrolean Health Tourism Study is an open comparative study to investigate the cardiovascular effects of a one- week vacation with different activities on healthy vacationers. METHODS: Fifty-two healthy vacationers spending one week in East Tyrol participated in two types of vacation activities (golf vs...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Cristina Soguero-Ruiz, Inmaculada Mora-Jiménez, Javier Ramos-López, Teresa Quintanilla Fernández, Antonio García-García, Daniel Díez-Mazuela, Arcadi García-Alberola, José Luis Rojo-Álvarez
Many indices have been proposed for cardiovascular risk stratification from electrocardiogram signal processing, still with limited use in clinical practice. We created a system integrating the clinical definition of cardiac risk subdomains from ECGs and the use of diverse signal processing techniques. Three subdomains were defined from the joint analysis of the technical and clinical viewpoints. One subdomain was devoted to demographic and clinical data. The other two subdomains were intended to obtain widely defined risk indices from ECG monitoring: a simple-domain (heart rate turbulence (HRT)), and a complex-domain (heart rate variability (HRV))...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kenneth Bruun Pedersen, Charlotte Madsen, Niels C F Sandgaard, Axel C P Diederichsen, Søren Bak, Axel Brandes
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a major risk factor of stroke, but the association between AF and transient ischemic attack (TIA) is less clear. Despite this, patients with TIA are included in stroke trials. AIMS: To determine the one-year incidence of AF in TIA patients using an insertable cardiac monitor (ICM); second, to determine factors associated with incident AF in these patients. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients with TIA with normal standard ECG and 72h Holter monitoring (HM)...
February 25, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Taner Kasar, Pelin Ayyildiz, Gulhan Tunca Sahin, Erkut Ozturk, Selman Gokalp, Sertac Haydin, Alper Guzeltas, Yakup Ergul
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate rhythm abnormalities in cases of congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) and associated treatment strategies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 65 pediatric patients with ccTGA who were admitted to the clinic between 2009 and 2017. The patients were divided into two groups, and surgical data, Holter electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings, ECG recordings, electrophysiological data, and device implantation data on the two groups were compared...
February 24, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
A V Kuskaeva, S Y Niculina, A A Chernova, N V Aksutina, A P Kuskaev, I I Cherkashina
OBJECTIVE: To study associations of I / D polymorphism of the ACE gene with risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) with the aim of detecting groups of patients prone to development of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 90 probands with confirmed diagnosis of AF and 144 their I, II, III degrees relatives. These families constituted a core group of our study. The control group comprised 100 relatively healthy people without history of cardiovascular diseases...
February 2018: Kardiologiia
Roland Richard Tilz, Christian-Hendrik Heeger, Alexander Wick, Ardan M Saguner, Andreas Metzner, Andreas Rillig, Peter Wohlmuth, Bruno Reissmann, Christine Lemeš, Tilman Maurer, Francesco Santoro, Johannes Riedl, Christian Sohns, Shibu Mathew, Karl-Heinz Kuck, Feifan Ouyang
BACKGROUND: Circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI) is increasingly performed for the treatment of symptomatic drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Long-term data for >10 years after CPVI are sparse. We investigated the long-term clinical outcome and progression of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation after double-lasso and 3-dimensional electroanatomical mapping-guided CPVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 2003 to 2004, 161 patients (mean age: 60±10 years) with symptomatic drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were prospectively enrolled and underwent electroanatomical mapping-guided CPVI...
February 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Hilal Yesil, Sibel Eyigor, Meral Kayıkcıoglu, Ruchan Uslu, Menekse Inbat, Benay Ozbay
Objective Heart rate variability (HRV) is a good indicator of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. A few studies have been conducted recently and have shown a relationship between reduced HRV and conditions that lead to neuropathic pain (NP). In this study, we aimed to investigate whether NP is associated with changes in cardiac sympathovagal activity in patients with breast cancer (BC). Methods We used the Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) questionnaire to evaluate NP in 70 patients with BC...
February 15, 2018: Neurological Research
Andrea Frustaci, Alessandro De Luca, Valentina Guida, Tommaso Biagini, Tommaso Mazza, Carlo Gaudio, Claudio Letizia, Matteo Antonio Russo, Nicola Galea, Cristina Chimenti
BACKGROUND: Mutations of α-actin gene (ACTC1) have been phenotypically related to various cardiac anomalies, including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and dilated cardiomyopathy and left ventricular (LV) myocardial noncompaction. A novel ACTC mutation is reported as cosegregating for familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and LV myocardial noncompaction with transmural crypts. METHODS AND RESULTS: In an Italian family of 7 subjects, 4 aged 10 (II-1), 14 (II-2), 43 (I-4) and 46 years (I-5), presenting abnormal ECG changes, dyspnea and palpitation (II-2, I-4, and I-5), and recurrent cerebral ischemic attack (I-5), underwent 2-dimensional echo, cardiac magnetic resonance, Holter monitoring, and next-generation sequencing gene analysis...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
Sabine Fredersdorf, Carolin Fenzl, Carsten Jungbauer, Stefan Weber, Christian von Bary, Alexander Dietl, Joachim Seegers, Lars S Maier, Ekrem Ücer
PURPOSE: Despite various techniques used in atrial fibrillation ablation, recurrence of atrial arrhythmias still constitutes a clinical problem. The aim of this study was to document the long-term outcomes of pulmonary vein isolation with a ring-shaped ablation catheter (PVAC). METHODS: All consecutive patients presenting with paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation (pxAF or perAF, respectively) treated with PVAC (first generation) were enrolled. After standard follow-up during the first year, all patients were contacted for long-term follow-up...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Elisabetta Bucci, Marco Testa, Loretta Licchelli, Alessandra Frattari, Nadia Attalla El Halabieh, Erica Gabriele, Giulia Pignatelli, Tiziana De Santis, Laura Fionda, Fiammetta Vanoli, Stefania Morino, Matteo Garibaldi, Antonella Di Pasquale, Nicola Vanacore, Annalisa Botta, Giovanni Antonini
Cardiac conduction and/or rhythm abnormalities (CCRA) are the most frequent and life-threatening complications in DM1. In order to determine prevalence, incidence, characteristics, age of onset and predictors of CCRA, CCRA progression and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in DM1, we collected ECG/24hECG-Holter data from a yearly updated 34-year database of a cohort of 103 DM1 patients without cardiac abnormalities at baseline, followed for at least 1 year. Fifty-five patients developed CCRA [39 developed conduction abnormalities (CCA) and 16 rhythm abnormalities (CRA)], which progressed in 22...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Enisa Hodzic
Introduction: Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) is the most common cardiac valve pathology of to day. Aim of article was to identify the types and frequency of potentially malignant arrhythmia and atrial brillation in patients with MVP, to determine the differences in these arrhythmias between classical and non-classical MVP, to evaluate the correlation of potentially malignant arrhythmia and atrial fibrillation with MVP with possible clinical complications of arrhythmogenic sudden cardiac death and potential risk of thromboembolic vascular incident...
February 2018: Medical Archives
Nedzad Kadric, Enes Osmanovic
Introduction: Heart rhythm disorders are common in the post-operative period following surgical myocardial revascularization (CABG). The incidence of any type of arrhythmia in the postoperative period can go up to 85%. While most are transient and short-term, it does not lead to deterioration of the postoperative course, in a smaller number of patients they can be predictors of various events that result in fatal outcome. Arrhythmias occur suddenly and need to be recognized and reacted in time...
December 2017: Medical Archives
Srishti Sareen, Mannu Nayyar, Brian Wheeler, Michelle Skelton, Rami N Khouzam
Atrial flutter (AF) is the second most common supraventricular tachyarrhythmia following atrial fibrillation. We present an interesting case of a diagnostic challenge manifested as an electrocardiogram (ECG) recording mimicking AF in a patient with Parkinson's disease (PD). A 72-year-old African-American female with history of PD presented to our Emergency Department with a one day history of chest pain. Her vital signs were within normal limits. Physical exam was remarkable for bilateral resting hand tremors at a frequency of 6-8 hertz and mild cogwheel rigidity in both upper extremities...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
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