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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465495/exercise-rehabilitation-for-peripheral-artery-disease-a-review
#1
Mary M McDermott
PURPOSE: To summarize evidence regarding exercise therapy for people with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: Literature was reviewed regarding optimal strategies for delivering exercise interventions for people with PAD. Randomized trial evidence and recent studies were emphasized. RESULTS: Randomized clinical trial evidence consistently demonstrates that supervised treadmill exercise improves treadmill walking performance in people with PAD...
March 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444105/accuracy-and-precision-of-consumer-level-activity-monitors-for-stroke-detection-during-wheelchair-propulsion-and-arm-ergometry
#2
Jochen Kressler, Joshua Koeplin-Day, Benedikt Muendle, Brice Rosby, Elizabeth Santo, Antoinette Domingo
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether consumer-level activity trackers can estimate wheelchair strokes and arm ergometer revolutions. Thirty able-bodied participants wore three consumer-level activity trackers (Garmin VivoFit, FitBit Flex, and Jawbone UP24) on the wrist. Participants propelled a wheelchair at fixed frequencies (30, 45 and 60 strokes per minute (spm)) three minutes each and at pre-determined varied frequencies, (30-80 spm) for two minutes. Participants also freely wheeled through an obstacle course...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439648/effect-of-12-weeks-of-once-daily-tiotropium-olodaterol-on-exercise-endurance-during-constant-work-rate-cycling-and-endurance-shuttle-walking-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
François Maltais, Denis O'Donnell, Juan Bautista Gáldiz Iturri, Anne-Marie Kirsten, Dave Singh, Alan Hamilton, Kay Tetzlaff, Yihua Zhao, Richard Casaburi
BACKGROUND: The TORRACTO® study evaluated the effects of tiotropium/olodaterol versus placebo on endurance time during constant work-rate cycling and constant speed shuttle walking in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) after 12 weeks of treatment. METHODS: The effects of once-daily tiotropium/olodaterol (2.5/5 and 5/5 μg) on endurance time during constant work-rate cycle ergometry (CWRCE) after 6 and 12 weeks of treatment were compared with placebo in patients with COPD in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434464/arm-cycling-combined-with-passive-leg-cycling-enhances-vo2peak-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-above-the-sixth-thoracic-vertebra
#4
Tom Tørhaug, Berit Brurok, Jan Hoff, Jan Helgerud, Gunnar Leivseth
Objective: To test whether passive leg cycling (PLC) during arm cycling ergometry (ACE) affects peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak) differently in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) at/above the 6th thoracic vertebra (T6) and below T6. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study, analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression models. Between- and within-group differences were examined during (a) ACE only, (b) ACE combined with PLC (ACE-PLC), and (c) ACE combined with functional electrical stimulation cycling (FES hybrid)...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427511/cardiorespiratory-fitness-not-sedentary-time-or-physical-activity-is-associated-with-cardiometabolic-risk-in-active-older-adults
#5
Ross D Pollock, Niharika A Duggal, Norman R Lazarus, Janet M Lord, Stephen D R Harridge
Sedentary time (ST) and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) are associated with cardiometabolic health. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is also implicated but often overlooked in health recommendations. This study assessed the relationships between ST, MVPA, CRF and cardiometabolic health in highly active older individuals. 125 healthy amateur cyclists aged 55 to 79 years had their ST and MVPA levels assessed by actigraphy over a 7 day period. CRF was assessed using a maximal effort cycle ergometry test to determine VO2max with results normalised to both body mass and fat free mass measured by DXA...
February 10, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423173/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-cpet-in-the-united-kingdom-a-national-survey-of-the-structure-conduct-interpretation-and-funding
#6
T Reeves, S Bates, T Sharp, K Richardson, S Bali, J Plumb, H Anderson, J Prentis, M Swart, D Z H Levett
Background: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is an exercise stress test with concomitant expired gas analysis that provides an objective, non-invasive measure of functional capacity under stress. CPET-derived variables predict postoperative morbidity and mortality after major abdominal and thoracic surgery. Two previous surveys have reported increasing utilisation of CPET preoperatively in England. We aimed to evaluate current CPET practice in the UK, to identify who performs CPET, how it is performed, how the data generated are used and the funding models...
2018: Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409092/-gallop-in-the-routineergometrie-only-chore-or-diagnostic-challenge
#7
Stephan Knöchner, K Kronberg, U Schumann
ANAMNESIS:  A 47-year-old recreational sportsman showed in a routine ergometry polymorphic ventricular extrasystoles with good physical performance. INVESTIGATIONS:  In resting ECG impressed ventricular extrasystoles (VES) predominantly right-hand-block-like with superior axis, a long-term ECG yielded up to 100 VES per hour. Echocardiographically imposing 4 - 5 trabeculae, feathered, reticular structures apically in the left and lower in the right ventricle...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401192/examination-of-a-multi-ingredient-pre-workout-supplement-on-total-volume-of-resistance-exercise-and-subsequent-strength-and-power-performance
#8
Haley C Bergstrom, M Travis Byrd, Brian J Wallace, Jody L Clasey
This study examined the acute effects of a multi-ingredient pre-workout supplement on: 1) total, lower, and upper body volume of resistance exercise; and 2) the subsequent lower body strength (isokinetic leg extension and flexion), lower (vertical jump [VJ] height), upper body power (bench-throw velocity [BTv]), and cycle ergometry performance (critical power [CP] and anaerobic work capacity [AWC]). Twelve men completed baseline strength and power measures prior to two experimental visits, supplement (SUP) and placebo (PL)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356733/cardiopulmonary-aerobic-fitness-assessment-during-maximal-and-submaximal-exercise-testing-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-after-chemotherapy
#9
Adam W Powell, Rajaram Nagarajan, Wayne A Mays, Clifford Chin, Timothy K Knilans, Sandra K Knecht, Michelle A Amos, Yvette M Gerdes, Thomas D Ryan
PURPOSE: The cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is a valuable tool to assess cardiopulmonary exercise capacity in pediatric oncology patients after chemotherapy. In addition, few studies on the utility of submaximal testing have been performed, which could be important as some patients are unable to complete a maximal effort test secondary to deconditioning by both disease and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of pediatric cancer patients exposed to chemotherapy from 1992 to 2013 who underwent CPET with cycle ergometry (n=27)...
January 19, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355464/verification-testing-to-confirm-vo2max-attainment-in-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Todd A Astorino, Noelle Bediamol, Sarah Cotoia, Kenneth Ines, Nicolas Koeu, Natasha Menard, Brianna Nyugen, Cassandra Olivo, Gabrielle Phillips, Ardreen Tirados, Gabriela Velasco Cruz
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) is a widely used measure of cardiorespiratory fitness, aerobic function, and overall health risk. Although VO2max has been measured for almost 100 yr, no standardized criteria exist to verify VO2max attainment. Studies document that incidence of 'true' VO2max obtained from incremental exercise (INC) can be confirmed using a subsequent verification test (VER). In this study, we examined efficacy of VER in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334345/arm-crank-ergometry-improves-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-and-community-mobility-independent-of-body-composition-in-high-motor-complete-spinal-cord-injury
#11
James J Bresnahan, Gary J Farkas, Jody L Clasey, James W Yates, David R Gater
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise using arm crank ergometry (ACE) in high motor complete (ISNCSCI A/B) spinal cord injury (SCI) as primarily related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and functional mobility and secondarily to body composition and metabolic profiles. DESIGN: Longitudinal interventional study at an academic medical center. METHODS: Ten previously untrained participants (M8/F2, Age 36.7 y ± 10.1, BMI 24...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332320/the-role-of-tiotropium-olodaterol-dual-bronchodilator-therapy-in-the-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
REVIEW
David M G Halpin
Bronchodilator therapy is central to the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and are recommended as the preferred treatment by the Global Obstructive Lung Disease Initiative (GOLD). Long acting anti-muscarinics (LAMA) and long acting β₂ agonists (LABA) are both more effective than regular short-acting drugs but many patients remain symptomatic despite monotherapy with these drugs. Combination therapy with LAMA and LABA increases the therapeutic benefit while minimizing dose-dependent side effects of long-acting bronchodilator therapy...
January 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330373/the-association-of-fit-fat-index-with-incident-diabetes-in-japanese-men-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Lee I-Min, Yuko Gando, Ryoko Kawakami, Takashi Okamoto, Koji Tsukamoto, Motohiko Miyachi
Type 2 diabetes is increasing globally and in Asia. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of a fit-fat index (FFI) with diabetes incidence among Japanese men. In total 5,014 men aged 18-64 years old, who had an annual health check up with no history of major chronic disease at baseline from 2002 to 2009 were observed. CRF was estimated via cycle ergometry. Overall, 7.6% of the men developed diabetes. The mean follow-up period was 5.3 years. Hazard ratios, 95% confidence intervals and P trend for diabetes incidence were obtained using the Cox proportional hazards model while adjusting for confounding variables...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280019/impact-of-short-term-cycle-ergometer-training-on-quality-of-life-cognition-and-depressive-symptomatology-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-pilot-study
#14
Alison Barry, Owen Cronin, Aisling M Ryan, Brian Sweeney, Orna O'Toole, Andrew P Allen, Gerard Clarke, Ken D O'Halloran, Eric J Downer
In this pilot study, we investigate whether a routine cycle ergometry training programme has therapeutic potential in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) by improving quality of life (QOL) and depressive symptomatology, while ameliorating cognitive disturbances. Healthy volunteers and MS patients cycled for 30 min at 65-75% age-predicted maximal heart rate on a recumbent ergometer, with this session repeated twice a week for 8 weeks. QOL, depressive symptomatology and cognitive function were assessed pre- and post-exercise using the MS Quality of Life-54 (MSQOL-54) questionnaire, 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR16) questionnaire and the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB), respectively...
December 26, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276860/cycling-efficiency-during-incremental-cycle-ergometry-after-24-hours-of-overfeeding-or-fasting
#15
Karyne L Vinales, Mathias Schlögl, Martin Reinhardt, Marie S Thearle, Jonathan Krakoff, Paolo Piaggi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether net cycling efficiency (NET) is altered by 24-hour fasting or overfeeding and whether it correlates with dietary-related energy expenditure (EE) and future weight change. METHODS: In a crossover design, healthy subjects fasted or were overfed for 24 hours while in a whole-room calorimeter using five diets with doubled energy needs: standard, high-carbohydrate (75%), high-fat (60%), high-protein (30%), and low-protein (3%) diets...
February 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258502/impaired-ventricular-filling-limits-cardiac-reserve-during-submaximal-exercise-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Genevieve A Wilson, Gerard T Wilkins, Jim D Cotter, Regis R Lamberts, Sudish Lal, James C Baldi
BACKGROUND: Attenuated increases in ventricular stroke volume during exercise are common in type 2 diabetes and contribute to reduced aerobic capacity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether impaired ventricular filling or reduced systolic ejection were responsible for the attenuated stroke volume reserve in people with uncomplicated type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Peak aerobic capacity and total blood volume were measured in 17 people with diabetes and 16 non-diabetic controls with no evidence of cardiovascular disease...
December 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238257/validation-of-an-arm-crank-ergometer-test-for-use-in-sedentary-adults
#17
Alexandros Mitropoulos, Anil Gumber, Helen Crank, Markos Klonizakis
The maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak) test is an approved pre-operative examination tool, in a clinical setting: Both V̇O2peak and anaerobic threshold indicate a patient's physiological tolerance for major surgery and post-operative mortality, with cycle ergometry being routinely used for V̇O2peak tests in clinical settings, in many European countries. Nevertheless, the opportunities to assess populations with restricted mobility of the lower limbs are limited, as alternative methods (such as an arm-crank test protocol) to assess V̇O2peak are yet to be established...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237763/bisphenol-a-phthalate-metabolites-and-glucose-homeostasis-in-healthy-normal-weight-children
#18
Amalie Carlsson, Kaspar Sørensen, Anna-Maria Andersson, Hanne Frederiksen, Anders Juul
INTRODUCTION: Bisphenol A and several of the most commonly used phthalates have been associated with adverse metabolic health effects such as obesity and diabetes. Therefore, we analyzed these man-made chemicals in first morning urine samples from 107 healthy normal-weight Danish children and adolescents. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study. Participants were recruited as part of The COPENHAGEN Puberty Study. The subjects were evaluated by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), a dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan, direct oxygen uptake measurement during cycle ergometry, and fasting blood samples...
December 13, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214628/an-evaluation-of-the-significance-of-individual-endogenous-risk-factors-and-medical-and-orthopaedic-conditions-on-physical-fitness-in-military-executives
#19
Christoph Schulze, Michael Becker, Suzanne Finze, Christoph Holtherm, Jens Hinder, Andreas Lison
As part of occupational health promotion in the Bundeswehr (military services of the Federal Republic of Germany), top-ranking executives were offered a medical examination and training program. The participants were subjected to retrospective evaluation. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent risk factors for the development of internal and orthopaedic conditions are present in military executives and how these factors affect physical fitness. To collect their medical history, a total of 122 male subjects answered a questionnaire aimed at evaluating private and occupational stress factors...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202647/swallow-presyncope-in-an-athletic-patient-caused-by-third-degree-atrioventricular-block
#20
Axel Van Damme, Tine De Backer, Philippe Vanderheeren
Introduction Swallow syncope is a neurally mediated syncope. Multiple causes have been described in literature. A rare cause is arrhythmias. Only a limited amount of cases present the association of swallow syncope and third degree AV-block. Case presentation A 39-year-old man presented with episodes of presyncope while eating. Further medical history, physical examination, resting 12-lead ECG, cyclo-ergometry, transthoracic echocardiography and MRI of the heart were normal. 24 h Holter monitoring demonstrated high-grade third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block...
December 5, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
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