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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920979/physical-fitness-interventions-for-nonambulatory-stroke-survivors-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Megan Lloyd, Dawn A Skelton, Gillian E Mead, Brian Williams, Frederike van Wijck
INTRODUCTION: Physical fitness training after stroke is recommended in guidelines across the world, but evidence pertains mainly to ambulatory stroke survivors. Nonambulatory stroke survivors (FAC score ≤2) are at increased risk of recurrent stroke due to limited physical activity. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence regarding case fatality, effects, experiences, and feasibility of fitness training for nonambulatory stroke survivors. METHODS: Eight major databases were searched for any type of study design...
June 19, 2018: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878071/flow-related-right-ventricular-pulmonary-arterial-pressure-gradients-during-exercise
#2
Stephen P Wright, Alexander R Opotowsky, Tayler A Buchan, Sam Esfandiari, John T Granton, Jack M Goodman, Susanna Mak
Aims: The assumption of equivalence between right ventricular and pulmonary arterial systolic pressure is fundamental to several assessments of right ventricular or pulmonary vascular hemodynamic function. Our aims were to 1) determine whether systolic pressure gradients develop across the right ventricular outflow tract in healthy adults during exercise, 2) examine the potential correlates of such gradients, and 3) consider the effect of such gradients on calculated indices of right ventricular function...
June 6, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846604/long-term-testosterone-supplementation-in-older-men-attenuates-age-related-decline-in-aerobic-capacity
#3
Tinna Traustadóttir, S Mitchell Harman, Panayiotis Tsitouras, Karol M Pencina, Zhuoying Li, Thomas G Travison, Richard Eder, Renee Miciek, Jennifer McKinnon, Erin Woodbury, Shehzad Basaria, Shalender Bhasin, Thomas W Storer
Context: Testosterone increases skeletal muscle mass and strength, but long-term effects of testosterone supplementation on aerobic capacity (V˙O2peak) in healthy older men with low testosterone have not been evaluated. Objective: To determine the effects of testosterone supplementation on V˙O2peak during incremental cycle ergometry. Design: Testosterone's Effects on Atherosclerosis Progression in Aging Men trial: double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797529/physical-deconditioning-is-the-common-denominator-in-both-obese-and-overweight-subjects-with-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis
#4
C K Argo, J G Stine, Z H Henry, C Lackner, J T Patrie, A L Weltman, S H Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Obesity and decreased physical activity mirror increasing prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). AIM: We aimed to investigate associations between aerobic fitness, anthropometrics and disease parameters in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). We hypothesised that NASH subjects have lower aerobic power and capacity than untrained, sedentary, normal subjects. METHODS: Forty subjects (60% obese, 40% overweight) with biopsy-confirmed NASH and NAFLD activity score (NAS) ≥4 were enrolled in a clinical trial where anthropometrics, laboratories, liver fat content by MRI, activity, and aerobic fitness by cycle ergometry data were obtained...
May 24, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794559/blood-pressure-response-to-maximal-dynamic-exercise-testing-in-an-athletic-population
#5
Axel Pressler, Angelika Jähnig, Martin Halle, Bernhard Haller
OBJECTIVE: Exaggerated blood pressure (BP) response to exercise testing has been linked to left ventricular hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis in competitive athletes. Due to frequent training, athletes are particularly exposed to high BP levels, but data on the magnitude and distribution of BP response to exercise in athletic populations is scarce. METHODS: Cycle ergometry was performed in 2419 healthy competitive adolescent, professional and master athletes (age 26 ± 12 years, range 9-74, 27% women, 84 disciplines) for preparticipation screening...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768094/lower-limb-stiffness-testing-in-athletic-performance-a-critical-review
#6
Sean J Maloney, Iain M Fletcher
Stiffness describes the resistance of a body to deformation. In regard to athletic performance, a stiffer leg-spring would be expected to augment performance by increasing utilisation of elastic energy. Two-dimensional spring-mass and torsional spring models can be applied to model whole-body (vertical and/or leg stiffness) and joint stiffness. Various tasks have been used to characterise stiffness, including hopping, gait, jumping, sledge ergometry and change of direction tasks. Appropriate levels of reliability have been reported in most tasks, although they vary between investigations...
May 16, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767227/effect-of-a-balance-training-programme-on-postural-balance-aerobic-capacity-and-frequency-of-falls-in-women-with-osteoporosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Ibolya Miko, Imre Szerb, Anna Szerb, Tamas Bender, Gyula Poor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a 12-month complex balance-training programme on static and dynamic postural balance, aerobic capacity and frequency of falls in women with established osteoporosis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial in which the intervention group was assigned a 12-month exercise programme (3 times a week for 30 min) and the control group had no intervention. SUBJECTS: A total of 100 osteoporotic women with at least one previous fracture...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729396/cerebral-oxygen-availability-during-exercise-in-copd-patients-with-cognitive-impairment
#8
Vasileios Andrianopoulos, Ioannis Vogiatzis, Rainer Gloeckl, Robert Bals, Rembert A Koczulla, Klaus Kenn
Insufficient cerebral blood flow regulation to meet increasing metabolic demand during physical exertion could be associated with cognitive impairment. We compared cerebral oxygen availability during exercise in cognitively impaired (CI) to cognitively normal (CN) COPD patients. Fifty-two patients (FEV1 : 51 ± 16%) were classified as CN or CI according to the Montreal Cognitive Assessment. Patients performed cycle-ergometry at 75% peak capacity with continuous measurement of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy frontal-cortex Tissue oxygen Saturation Index (TSI), cerebral haemoglobin indices (oxy/deoxy/total- Hb), transcutaneous carbon-dioxide partial pressure (TcPCO2 ), and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2 )...
May 2, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727608/medical-management-of-functional-impairment-in-peripheral-artery-disease-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Mary M McDermott
Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) now affects 200 million people worldwide and is a major cause of disability. Cilostazol is the only Federal Drug Administration approved medication for PAD-related ischemic symptoms that is recommended by clinical practice guidelines. Supervised treadmill exercise significantly improves treadmill walking performance in PAD. Recent evidence shows that home-based exercise interventions that include occasional medical center visits and incorporate behavioral change techniques also significantly improve walking endurance in PAD...
March 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727012/reliability-of-repeated-arm-crank-cardiopulmonary-exercise-tests-in-patients-with-small-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#10
J W Durrand, K Wagstaff, A Kasim, L Cawthorn, G R Danjoux, E Kothmann
Arm-crank ergometry may be useful in patients unable to pedal, for instance due to peripheral arterial disease. Twenty participants with small abdominal aortic aneurysm undertook two serial arm-crank tests and then a pedal test, four of whom had indeterminate anaerobic thresholds, precluding analysis. The mean (SD) peak arm and leg oxygen consumptions in 16 participants were 13.71 (2.62) ml.kg-1 .min-1 and 16.82 (4.44) ml.kg-1 .min-1 , with mean (SD) individual differences of 3.11 (2.48) ml.kg-1 .min-1 , p = 0...
May 4, 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703223/comparison-of-exercise-intensity-during-four-early-rehabilitation-techniques-in-sedated-and-ventilated-patients-in-icu-a-randomised-cross-over-trial
#11
Clément Medrinal, Yann Combret, Guillaume Prieur, Aurora Robledo Quesada, Tristan Bonnevie, Francis Edouard Gravier, Elise Dupuis Lozeron, Eric Frenoy, Olivier Contal, Bouchra Lamia
BACKGROUND: In the ICU, out-of-bed rehabilitation is often delayed and in-bed exercises are generally low-intensity. Since the majority of rehabilitation is carried out in bed, it is essential to carry out the exercises that have the highest intensity. The aim of this study was to compare the physiological effects of four common types of bed exercise in intubated, sedated patients confined to bed in the ICU, in order to determine which was the most intensive. METHODS: A randomised, single-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial was carried out to evaluate the effects of four bed exercises (passive range of movements (PROM), passive cycle-ergometry, quadriceps electrical stimulation and functional electrical stimulation (FES) cycling) on cardiac output...
April 27, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692203/a-new-generalized-cycle-ergometry-equation-for-predicting-maximal-oxygen-uptake-the-fitness-registry-and-the-importance-of-exercise-national-database-friend
#12
Peter Kokkinos, Leonard A Kaminsky, Ross Arena, Jiajia Zhang, Jonathan Myers
Background To develop a clinically applicable equation derived from direct assessment of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max ) to predict VO2max assessed indirectly during cycle ergometry. Design VO2max was assessed by open-circuit spirometry during a graded maximal exercise test using cycle ergometry. Multivariable linear regression analysis was applied to identify the most relevant variables and construct the best prediction model for VO2max using a random sample of 70% from each of the following age categories: <40, 40-50, 50-70 and >70 years; the remaining 30% was used for validation...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680771/exercise-induced-left-bundle-branch-block-in-isotopic-exercise-test-findings-and-prognostic-value
#13
M V Gomez, B C Lorente Castro, P Jané, L García-Zoghby, A Martínez-Lorca, J A Pérez
INTRODUCTION: Exercise-induced left bundle branch block (EI-LBBB) is a rare circumstance of unknown significance. The purpose of this paper is to describe the scintigraphic features and the prognostic value of this finding. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed the features of 1,885 patients who had visited our department to undergo GATED-SPECT ergometry to diagnose ischaemic heart disease. Seven patients showed EI-LBBB throughout the exercise testing. Coronary angiography was performed in 4 of them...
April 18, 2018: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677565/comparison-of-three-modes-of-aerobic-exercise-combined-with-resistance-training-on-the-pain-and-function-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Sanaz Kabiri, Farzin Halabchi, Hooman Angoorani, Saeed Yekaninejad
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of three modes of aerobic exercise (lower limbs with and without weight bearing and upper limb) for knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Sports medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-eight patients with knee osteoarthritis were divided into 3 groups of resistance training combined with one of three programs of treadmill, cycle ergometer, or arm ergometer aerobic training...
April 7, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671330/achieving-canadian-physical-activity-guidelines-is-associated-with-better-vascular-function-independent-of-aerobic-fitness-and-sedentary-time-in-older-adults
#15
Myles W O'Brien, Susan A Robinson, Ryan J Frayne, Said Mekary, Jonathon R Fowles, Derek S Kimmerly
Canadian physical activity guidelines recommend older adults accumulate 150 minutes of weekly moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Older adults who are insufficiently active may have reduced blood vessel health and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. We tested this hypothesis in 11 older adults who did (7♀; 65±5 years; MVPA=239±81 minutes/week) and 10 older adults who did not (7♀; 68±9 years; MVPA=95±33 minutes/week) meet MVPA guidelines. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in the brachial (BA) and popliteal (POP) arteries, as well as, nitroglycerin-mediated dilation (NMD; endothelial-independent dilation) in the POP were assessed via ultrasonography...
April 19, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665297/esmolol-acutely-alters-oxygen-supply-demand-balance-in-exercising-muscles-of-healthy-humans
#16
David N Proctor, J Carter Luck, Stephan R Maman, Urs A Leuenberger, Matthew D Muller
Beta-adrenoreceptor antagonists (β blockers) reduce systemic O2 delivery and blood pressure (BP) during exercise, but the subsequent effects on O2 extraction within the active limb muscles are unknown. In this study, we examined the effects of the fast-acting, β1 selective blocker esmolol on systemic hemodynamics and leg muscle O2 saturation (near infrared spectroscopy, NIRS) during submaximal leg ergometry. Our main hypothesis was that esmolol would augment exercise-induced reductions in leg muscle O2 saturation...
April 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588313/reliability-and-physiological-interpretation-of-pulmonary-gas-exchange-by-circulatory-equivalents-in-chronic-heart-failure
#17
Chunting Tan, Harry B Rossiter, Janos Porszasz, T Scott Bowen, Klaus K Witte, William W Stringer, Richard Casaburi, James E Hansen
BACKGROUND: Peak ratios of pulmonary gas-exchange to ventilation during exercise (V˙O2/V˙E and V˙CO2/V˙E, termed "circulatory equivalents") are sensitive to heart failure (HF) severity, likely reflecting low and/or poorly distributed pulmonary perfusion. We tested whether peak V˙O2/V˙E and V˙CO2/V˙E would: (1) distinguish HF patients from controls; (2) be independent of incremental exercise protocol; and (3) correlate with lactate threshold (LT) and ventilatory compensation point (VCP), respectively...
March 27, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587874/the-effects-of-different-forms-of-daily-exercise-on-metabolic-function-following-short-term-overfeeding-and-reduced-physical-activity-in-healthy-young-men-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Jean-Philippe Walhin, Yung-Chih Chen, Aaron Hengist, James Bilzon, James A Betts, Dylan Thompson
BACKGROUND: Short-term overfeeding combined with reduced physical activity impairs metabolic function and alters the expression of key genes within adipose tissue. We have shown that daily vigorous-intensity running can prevent these changes independent of any net effect on energy imbalance. However, which type, intensity and/or duration of exercise best achieves these benefits remains to be ascertained. METHODS/DESIGN: Forty-eight healthy young men will be recruited and randomly allocated to one of four experimental conditions for 1 week: (1) to ingest 50% more energy than normal by over-consuming their habitual diet whilst simultaneously restricting their physical activity below 4000 steps day-1 (i...
March 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575588/exercise-on-transition-uncoupling-of-ventilatory-gas-exchange-and-cardiac-hemodynamic-kinetics-accompany-pulmonary-oxygen-stores-depletion-to-impact-exercise-intolerance-in-human-heart-failure
#19
E H Van Iterson, J R Smith, T P Olson
AIM: In contrast to knowledge that heart failure (HF) patients demonstrate peak exercise uncoupling across ventilation, gas exchange and cardiac haemodynamics, whether this dyssynchrony follows that at the exercise on-transition is unclear. This study tested whether exercise on-transition temporal lag for ventilation relative to gas exchange and oxygen pulse (O2 pulse) couples with effects from abnormal pulmonary gaseous oxygen store (O2store ) contributions to V˙O2 to interdependently precipitate persistently elevated ventilatory demand and low oxidative metabolic capacity in HF...
March 25, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572880/postoperative-ergometry-guided-programming-does-not-prevent-t-wave-oversensing-and-inappropriate-shocks-in-s-icd-patients
#20
Robert Larbig, Lukas J Motloch, Markus Bettin, Alicia Fischer, Gerrit Frommeyer, Florian Reinke, Andreas Loeher, Lars Eckardt, Julia Köbe
BACKGROUND: T-wave oversensing (TWOS) is a feared complication after subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) implantation, potentially leading to inappropriate shocks (IS) with tremendous impact on quality of life. HYPOTHESIS: Postoperative ergometry facilitates primary and secondary prevention of TWOS or other potential causes of IS and optimizes S-ICD programming. METHODS: We analyze the impact of ergometry guided-programming (EMGP) on primary and secondary prevention of TWOS/IS in S-ICD patients, we screened 146 patients implanted in our center (2010-2016) for the incidence of TWOS/IS during postoperative ergometry...
March 23, 2018: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
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