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Francesca Malvano, Luigi Maritato, Giovanni Carapella, Pasquale Orgiani, Roberto Pilloton, Marisa Di Matteo, Donatella Albanese
Due to their interesting ferroelectric, conductive and dielectric properties, in recent years, perovskite-structured materials have begun to attract increasing interest in the biosensing field. In this study, a strontium titanate perovskite layer (SrTiO₃) has been synthesized on a platinum electrode and exploited for the development of an impedimetric label-free immunosensor for Escherichia coli O157:H7 detection. The electrochemical characterization of the perovskite-modified electrode during the construction of the immunosensor, as well as after the interaction with different E...
March 16, 2018: Biosensors
Rafiq Ahmad, Nirmalya Tripathy, Min-Sang Ahn, Jin-Young Yoo, Yoon-Bong Hahn
Seed layer plays a crucial role to achieve high electrical conductivity and ensure higher performance of the devices. In this study, we report fabrication of a solution-gated field-effect transistor (FET) sensor based on zinc oxide nanorods (ZnO NRs) modified iron oxide nanoparticles (α-Fe2O3 NPs) grown on a highly conductive sandwich-like seed layer (ZnO seed layer/Ag nanowires/ZnO seed layer). The sandwich-like seed layer and ZnO NRs modification with α-Fe2O3 NPs provide excellent conductivity and prevent possible ZnO NRs surface damage from low pH enzyme immobilization, respectively...
March 16, 2018: ACS Sensors
J D Drummond, F Boano, E R Atwill, X Li, T Harter, A I Packman
Rivers are a means of rapid and long-distance transmission of pathogenic microorganisms from upstream terrestrial sources. Pathogens enter streams and rivers via overland flow, shallow groundwater discharge, and direct inputs. Of concern is the protozoal parasite, Cryptosporidium, which can remain infective for weeks to months under cool and moist conditions, with the infectious stage (oocysts) largely resistant to chlorination. We applied a mobile-immobile model framework to assess Cryptosporidium transport and retention in streams, that also accounts for inactivation...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chengyuan Lin, Jin Bai, Mulan He, Anderson O L Wong
In this study, structural analysis of grass carp prolactin (PRL) gene was performed and the signaling mechanisms for pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) regulation of PRL promoter activity were investigated. In αT3-1 cells, PRL promoter activity could be induced by oPACAP38 which was blocked by PACAP antagonist but not the VIP antagonist. The stimulatory effect of oPACAP38 was mimicked by activation of AC/cAMP and voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channel (VSCC) signaling, or induction of Ca2+ entry...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Makoto Ashiuchi, Yuichi Hakumai, Sawami Nakayama, Haruna Higashiuchi, Kosuke Shimada
We are now entering a new age of intelligent material development using fine, sustainable polymers from extremophiles. Herein we present an innovative (but simple) means of transforming archaeal poly-γ-glutamate (PGA) into extremely durable polyionic complexes with potent antimicrobial performance. This new supra-polymer material (called PGA/DEQ) was subjected to nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray diffraction spectroscopies to characterize in structural chemistry. Calorimetric measurements revealed its peculiar thermal properties; to the best of our knowledge, it is one of the most heat-resistant biopolymer-based polyionic complexes developed to date...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yushi Uetera, Hiroshi Yasuhara, Naohito Kumada, Yoshiki Misawa, Yoshiyuki Terada, Yoshio Satou, Tamaki Suhara, Kunio Kawamura
Recently, the use of filters has come into light for sanitizing water plants. This study investigated the role of heat-tolerant ultrafilters (UFs) for the remediation of reverse osmosis (RO) plants using periodic thermal disinfection. Two completely identical RO plants (RO plants A & B) were installed in 2006 for surgical hand antisepsis in the operating theater. RO water was stored in the 300-liter storage tank and re-circulated in the 190 meter-long loop delivering water to 12 faucets in each RO plant...
March 15, 2018: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
Yuna Horiuchi, Shao-Jui Lai, Azusa Yamazaki, Ayaka Nakamura, Ryunosuke Ohkawa, Kouji Yano, Takahiro Kameda, Shigeo Okubo, Shitsuko Shimano, Michio Hagihara, Shuji Tohda, Minoru Tozuka
Estimation of the function as well as the amount of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) is required to predict the risk of cardiovascular disease development. Cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) is the key metric for determining the anti-atherosclerotic function of HDL. However, the assay methods currently used to calculate CEC are not ideal for clinical use as they require the culture of cells. In the present study, we developed a novel CEC assay using immobilized liposome-bound gel beads (ILGs), containing fluorescently labelled cholesterol, as a substitute for cultured cells...
March 15, 2018: Bioscience Reports
A A Gordeev, A B Chetverin
Cell screening or, in other words, identification of cells with certain properties is now increasingly used in scientific and medical research, e.g., in diagnostics, drug testing, and production of cell clones with desired characteristics. In this review, we discuss existing methods of cell screening and their classification according to the cell presentation format. We describe the principles of the one-dimensional and two-dimensional formats and compare the main advantages and drawbacks of these formats. The first part describes the methods based on the 2D-format of cell presentation, when cells are immobilized in the same plane by various techniques...
January 2018: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Louise Wogelred, Fredrik Höök, Björn Agnarsson, Peter Sjövall
Accurate detection and quantification of individual molecules is important for the development of improved diagnostic methods as well as biochemical characterization of disease progression and treatments. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) is a surface analysis technique capable of imaging the distribution of specific molecules on surfaces with a high spatial resolution (<1 μm) and high sensitivity. ToF-SIMS is particularly suitable for detection of molecules up to ∼2 kDa, including lipids, whereas larger molecules, such as peptides and proteins, are fragmented during analysis, which makes them difficult to identify...
March 15, 2018: Biointerphases
Yan-Mei Lei, Bai-Qi Xiao, Wen-Bin Liang, Ya-Qin Chai, Ruo Yuan, Ying Zhuo
It is well known that the conventional electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor rely on the heterogeneous assay formats that involves the immobilization of biorecognition probe on the electrode surface before signal collection, which inevitably cause the efficiency of bio-recognition reactions to be limited owing to the existence of local steric hindrance. Herein, a robust, magnetic, and self-accelerated ECL nanosensor based on the multifunctionalized cobalt ferrite magnetite nanoparticles (CoFe2 O4 MNPs) was firstly designed for copper ion (Cu2+ ) detection in quasi-homogeneous system...
March 7, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Eva Vargas, Eloy Povedano, Víctor Ruiz-Valdepeñas Montiel, Rebeca M Torrente-Rodríguez, Mohamed Zouari, Juan José Montoya, Noureddine Raouafi, Susana Campuzano, José M Pingarrón
This work reports an amperometric biosensor for the determination of miRNA-21, a relevant oncogene. The methodology involves a competitive DNA-target miRNA hybridization assay performed on the surface of magnetic microbeads (MBs) and amperometric transduction at screen-printed carbon electrodes (SPCEs). The target miRNA competes with a synthetic fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-modified miRNA with an identical sequence for hybridization with a biotinylated and complementary DNA probe (b-Cp) immobilized on the surface of streptavidin-modified MBs (b-Cp-MBs)...
March 15, 2018: Sensors
Daniel C Crowley, Denis Lynch, Anita R Maguire
Enantioselective intramolecular Buchner reactions of α-diazoketones can be effected using heterogeneous copper-bis(oxazoline) catalysts in batch or using continuous flow processing in up to 83% ee. The catalyst can be reused up to 7 times without loss of activity. For α-diazoketones 3 and 4, the enantioselection achieved in flow with the immobilized catalyst was comparable with the standard homogeneous catalyzed process.
March 15, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Niels Vandenberk, Anders Barth, Doortje Borrenberghs, Johan Hofkens, Jelle Hendrix
Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) is a powerful tool to probe molecular interactions, activity, analytes, forces and structure. Single-molecule (sm) FRET additionally allows real-time quantifications of conformation and conformational dynamics. SmFRET robustness critically depends on the employed dyes, yet a systematic comparison of different dye pairs is lacking. Here, we evaluated blue (Atto488 and Alexa488) and far-red (Atto647N, Alexa647, StarRed and Atto655) dyes using confocal smFRET spectroscopy on freely diffusing dsDNA molecules...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Yan Zhang, Zhongyuan Huang, Letao Wang, Chunming Wang, Changde Zhang, Thomas E Wiese, Guangdi Wang, Kevin Eugene Riley, Zhe Wang
This work aims to face the challenge of monitoring small molecule drugs accurately and rapidly for point-of-care (POC) diagnosis in current clinical settings. Overdose of acetaminophen (AP), a commonly used OTC analgesic drug, has been determined to be a major cause of acute liver failure in the US and the UK. However, there is no rapid and accurate detection method available for this drug in the emergency room. The present study examined an AP sensing strategy that relies on a previously unexplored strong interaction between AP and the arginine (Arg) molecule...
March 15, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
He Chen, Jiacheng Yao, Yusi Fu, Yuhong Pang, Jianbin Wang, Yanyi Huang
The next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have been rapidly evolved and applied to various research fields, but often suffer from losing long-range information due to short library size and read length. Here, we develop a simple, cost-efficient and versatile NGS library preparation method, called tagmentation on microbeads (TOM). This method is capable of recovering long-range information through tagmentation mediated by microbead-immobilized transposomes. Using transposomes with DNA barcodes to identically labeling adjacent sequences during tagmentation, we can restore inter-read connection of each fragment from original DNA molecule by fragment-barcode linkage after sequencing...
March 15, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Anamaria Todea, Diana Aparaschivei, Valentin Badea, Carmen G Boeriu, Francisc Peter
evelopments of past years placed the bio-based polyesters as competitive substitutes for fossil-based polymers. Moreover, enzymatic polymerization using lipase catalysts has become an important green alternative to chemical polymerization for the synthesis of polyesters with biomedical applications, as several drawbacks related to the presence of traces of metal catalysts, toxicity and higher temperatures could be avoided. Copolymerization of ε-caprolactone (CL) with four hydroxy-fatty acids (HFA) from renewable sources, e...
March 15, 2018: Biotechnology Journal
Jon Ashley, Xiaotong Feng, Arnab Halder, Tongchang Zhou, Yi Sun
We describe a novel dispersive solid-phase imprinting technique for the production of nano-sized molecularly imprinted polymers (nanoMIPs) as plastic antibodies. The template was immobilized on in-house synthesized magnetic microspheres instead of conventional glass beads. As a result, high-affinity and template-free MIPs were produced in higher yields.
March 15, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Xiafeng Wang, Tianlin Guo, Jiahui Chen, Xiaofeng Li, Yiqing Zhou, Zhengying Pan
Using GST fusion protein tags is an attractive approach for protein immobilization. Here we report that pyrimidine-based small-molecule probes with a fluorophosphonate reactive group could specifically react with the tyrosine-111 residue of the Schistosoma japonicum GST (sjGST) tag, and these probes could rapidly and site-selectively immobilize sjGST fusion proteins while preserving their activities.
March 15, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Wen-Kui Li, Piao Lin, Sheng Dai, Xiao-Qi Sun, Ying-Lin Shen
A ship in bottle nanocomposite was fabricated as a novel adsorbent for lanthanides by immobilizing a lanthanide-sensitive polymer into mesocellular siliceous foam (MCF). The MCF was used as a novel carrier for immobilization of the polymer, and the polymer was synthesized via in situ ring-opening polymerization of 2-methyl-2-oxazoline (MOL) and divinylbenzene (DVB) in the presence of MCFs. The substantially physically modified MCF-based composite exhibited superior adsorptivity and selectivity to lanthanides due to its exceptional properties, which was employed for lanthanide adsorption from aqueous solution by a facile solid-liquid separation procedure...
March 15, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Homa Torabizadeh, Asieh Mahmoudi
Inulinase can produce a high amount of fructose syrup from inulin in a one-step enzymatic process. Inulinase from Aspergillus niger was immobilized covalently on Fe3 O4 magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with wheat gluten hydrolysates (WGHs). Wheat gluten was enzymatically hydrolyzed by two endopeptidases Alcalase and Neutrase and related nanoparticles were prepared by desolvation method. Magnetite nanoparticles were coated with WGHs nanoparticles and then inulinase was immobilized onto it using glutaraldehyde as crosslinking agent...
March 2018: Biotechnology Reports
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