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Growth modulation index

Viktor R Tóth
Littoral zones of freshwater lakes are exposed to environmental impacts from both terrestrial and aquatic sides, while substantial anthropogenic pressure also affects the high spatial, and temporal variability of the ecotone. In this study, the possibility of monitoring seasonal and spatial changes in reed ( Phragmites australis ) stands using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based remote sensing technique was examined. Stands in eutrophic and mesotrophic parts of Lake Balaton including not deteriorating (stable) and deteriorating (die-back) patches, were tracked throughout the growing season using a UAV equipped with a Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) camera...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Thomas Brodowicz, Olivier Mir, Jennifer Wallet, Antoine Italiano, Jean-Yves Blay, François Bertucci, Wolfgang Eisterer, Christine Chevreau, Sophie Piperno-Neumann, Emmanuelle Bompas, Thomas Ryckewaert, Bernadette Liegl-Antzwager, Julien Thery, Nicolas Penel, Axel Le Cesne, Marie-Cécile Le Deley
INTRODUCTION: The placebo-controlled phase-2 REGOSARC trial demonstrated the efficacy of regorafenib in patients with leiomyosarcoma, synovial sarcoma and other non-adipocytic sarcoma but not in liposarcoma. Patients initially allocated to placebo were allowed to receive regorafenib after progression. We report here an updated analysis of the trial including evaluation of regorafenib activity after cross-over. METHODS: From June 2013 to December 2014, 139 patients were enrolled in the non-adipocytic sarcoma cohorts...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Rostyslav V Bubnov, Lidiia P Babenko, Liudmyla M Lazarenko, Victoria V Mokrozub, Mykola Ya Spivak
Background: Probiotics have tremendous potential to develop healthy diets, treatment, and prevention. Investigation of in vitro cultural properties of health-promoting microorganisms like lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria is crucial to select probiotic strains for treatments based on gut microbiota modulation to justify individualized and personalized approach for nutrition and prevention of variety of diseases. The aim was to study the biological properties of LAB and bifidobacteria probiotic strains, namely adhesive properties; resistance to antibiotics; and biological fluids (gastric juice, bile, pancreatic enzymes), and to overview the literature in the field...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
Noriaki Maruyama, Tomoyasu Otsuki, Yoshinori Yoshida, Chinami Nagura, Maki Kitai, Nami Shibahara, Hyoe Tomita, Takashi Maruyama, Masanori Abe
BACKGROUND: Serum phosphate and vitamin D receptor activator regulate fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), and iron may modulate FGF23 metabolism. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the effects of ferric citrate hydrate and lanthanum carbohydrate on serum FGF23 levels in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This prospective, open-label, multicenter study enrolled 60 patients on hemodialysis treated with lanthanum carbonate. Patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups: those switching from lanthanum carbonate to ferric citrate hydrate (ferric citrate group, n = 30) or those continuing lanthanum carbonate (control group, n = 30)...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
Mark A Hilado, Ruvdeep S Randhawa
BACKGROUND: Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) is a complex polypeptide that produces a variety of biologically active substances via cleavage in a tissue-specific manner [Challis BG, Millington GW. Proopiomelanocortin deficiency. GeneReviews® [Internet]. Seattle (WA): University of Washington, Seattle, 1993-2018], yielding several products including adrenocorticotrophic (ACTH) and melanocyte stimulating hormones (MSH). These peptides have roles in the regulation of food intake, energy homeostasis, adrenal steroidogenesis, melanocyte stimulation and immune modulation...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Pavel I Makarevich, Konstantin V Dergilev, Zoya I Tsokolaeva, Maria A Boldyreva, Evgeniy K Shevchenko, Evgeny V Gluhanyuk, Julia O Gallinger, Mikhail Yu Menshikov, Yelena V Parfyonova
Since development of plasmid gene therapy for therapeutic angiogenesis by J. Isner this approach was an attractive option for ischemic diseases affecting large cohorts of patients. However, first placebo-controlled clinical trials showed its limited efficacy questioning further advance to practice. Thus, combined methods using delivery of several angiogenic factors got into spotlight as a way to improve outcomes. This study provides experimental proof of concept for a combined approach using simultaneous delivery of VEGF165 and HGF genes to alleviate consequences of myocardial infarction (MI)...
2018: PloS One
Hui Liu, Lulin Kong, Yanli Qi, Xiulai Chen, Liming Liu
Candida glabrata is a promising microorganism for the production of organic acids. Here, we report deletion and quantitative expression approaches to elucidate the role of Cg Med3AB, a subunit of the mediator transcriptional co-activator, in regulating cell growth. Deletion of Cg Med3AB caused an 8.6% decrease in final biomass based on growth curve plots and 10.5% lower cell viability. Based on transcriptomics data, the reason for this growth defect was attributable to changes in expression of genes involved in pyruvate and acetyl-CoA-related metabolism in the Cgmed3abΔ strain...
May 18, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Barbara Marzani, Daniela Pinto, Elisabetta Sorbellini, Fabio Rinaldi
BACKGROUND: Considering the importance of hair in our modern society and the impact of hair loss, the efforts of researchers are addressed to better understand the mechanisms behind the hair cycle regulation and dysregulation. Because hair loss is multifactorial, differenced and new approaches are required. In particular we addressed our attention to two recently identified targets in hair cycling and growth control: olfactory receptor and autophagy. The aim of the study was to evaluate: the possible pro-autophagic effect of N1-methylspermidine (a spermidine analogue) in vitro and, in a double blind clinical trial, the safety and efficacy of topical daily application of a lotion containing N1-methylspermidine and Sandalore®...
June 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Li Wei Wang, Yan Li, Guo Feng Xin, Min Wei, Qing Hua Mi, Qi Chang Yang
In order to explore the mechanism of response of growth and development of tomato seedlings to the combination of red and blue light, the light-emitting-diodes (LEDs) as precision modulation light sources were used in this study with 7 treatments including red (R) light, blue (B) light and combination of R+B light (9R1B, 6R1B, 3R1B, 1R1B, 1R3B), white (W) light as control, and the effects of different proportions of R and B light on the growth, photosynthetic pigment content, photosynthetic characteristics, chlorophyll fluorescence and root activity of tomato seedlings with variety of 'SV0313TG' as experiment material were studied...
May 18, 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Nasser M Al-Daghri, Sobhy M Yakout, Kaiser Wani, Malak Nawaz Khan Khattak, Spiro D Garbis, George P Chrousos, Omar S Al-Attas, Majed S Alokail
Vitamin D deficiency is common in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Therefore, it is significant to recognize which biochemical markers modulate serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in response to vitamin D supplementation in such a population. Our aim was to study the correlation of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and insulin growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) with serum 25(OH)D in response to vitamin D supplementation in a Saudi population. A total of 199 (89 males/110 females) vitamin D deficient subjects (25(OH)D level <50 nmol/L), aged 40...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Saad M Howladar, Sami A Al-Robai, Fatima S Al-Zahrani, Majed M Howladar, Amal Y Aldhebiani
Identification of the optimum application method of exogenous supports for crop plants to improve their growth under environmental stresses such as heavy metals represents key priorities for researchers worldwide. Influences of different application methods of silicon (Si; 3 mM); soil treatment, foliar spray and seed soaking on growth, chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthetic gas exchange, cell membrane injury, osmoprotectants contents, antioxidative defense system activity, and polyamines contents and their gene expression in wheat plants grown under normal and 2 mM cadmium (Cd) stress conditions were investigated in 3-repeated pot experiment...
May 4, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Monica Pibiri, Vera Piera Leoni, Luigi Atzori
AIMS: This study investigates the effects of the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) inhibitor tin protoporphyrin IX (SnPP), on rat liver regeneration following 2/3 partial hepatectomy (PH) in order to clarify the controversial role of HO-1 in the regulation of cellular growth. MAIN METHODS: Male Wistar rats received a subcutaneous injection of either SnPP (10 μmoles/kg body weight) or saline 12 h before PH and 0, 12 and 24 h after surgery. Rats were killed from 0.5 to 36 h after PH...
May 5, 2018: Life Sciences
Reyhaneh Moradi Marjaneh, Farzad Rahmani, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Nastaran Rezaei, Milad Hashemzehi, Afsane Bahrami, Fatemeh Ariakia, Hamid Fiuji, Amirhosein Sahebkar, Amir Avan, Majid Khazaei
Colorectal-cancer (CRC) is the third leading cause of death due to cancer, supporting the need for identification of novel anticancer drug to improve the efficacy of current-therapy. There is growing bodies of data showing the antitumor-activity of curcumin, although it is associated with low absorption. The aim of current study was explored the therapeutic-potential of novel phytosomal curcumin as well as its application in combination with 5-Flurouracil (5-FU) in a mouse-model of colitis-associated colon-cancer...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Wenya Zhang, Rui Guo, Shiwei Ai, Ying Yang, Jian Ding, Yingmei Zhang
Environment contamination is known to affect the growth, reproduction, and even mortality of anuran species, and hence modulate their life history traits. Although knowledge of the ability of amphibians to cope with harsh environments has gained ongoing research, the reproductive strategy of free-living amphibians subjected to long-term heavy metal pollution is largely unknown. This study aimed to explore the variation in the life history traits, including age structure, maturation age, reproductive investment, and reproduction trade-off, in female Bufo raddei, a widespread anuran in Baiyin (BY) in northwest of China, subjected to sublethal heavy metal pollution...
May 4, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Taiwei Dong, Nian Chen, Xiao Ma, Jian Wang, Jing Wen, Qian Xie, Rong Ma
OBJECTIVE: Borneol has been used to treat stroke in China since ancient times. In our previous research, we demonstrated the effect of borneol on cerebral ischaemia injury via meta-analysis. The neurovascular unit (NVU) is the structural basis of the preservation of the brain microenvironment and is believed to be a promising target in treating stroke. In this research, we explored the roles of three kinds of borneol, namely, L-borneolum (B1), D-borneolum (B2) and synthetic borneol (B3), in the NVU with permanent middle cerebral artery occluded (pMCAO) rats...
June 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Nitin Kumar, Rajat Pandey, Ashish Anand Prabhu, Veeranki Venkata Dasu
Human interferon-gamma (hIFNG) production is limited by various gene-level bottlenecks including translation, protein folding, and secretion which depends upon the physiological state of the organism. In this study gene-level and substrate-level modulations have been used to control Bacillus subtilis physiology for >15 fold extracellular soluble hIFNG production. Two variants of the native human interferon-gamma gene (hifng) were designed and synthesized, namely, cohifnghis and cohifng having codon adaptation index 25...
May 28, 2018: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
Bunta Watanabe, Hiroaki Kirikae, Takao Koeduka, Yoshinori Takeuchi, Tomoki Asai, Yoshiyuki Naito, Hideya Tokuoka, Shinri Horoiwa, Yoshiaki Nakagawa, Bun-Ichi Shimizu, Masaharu Mizutani, Jun Hiratake
4-Coumaroyl-CoA ligase (4CL) is ubiquitous in the plant kingdom, and plays a central role in the biosynthesis of phenylpropanoids such as lignins, flavonoids, and coumarins. 4CL catalyzes the formation of the coenzyme A thioester of cinnamates such as 4-coumaric, caffeic, and ferulic acids, and the regulatory position of 4CL in the phenylpropanoid pathway renders the enzyme an attractive target that controls the composition of phenylpropanoids in plants. In this study, we designed and synthesized mechanism-based inhibitors for 4CL in order to develop useful tools for the investigation of physiological functions of 4CL and chemical agents that modulate plant growth with the ultimate goal to produce plant biomass that exhibits features that are beneficial to humans...
May 15, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Camila Nunes Lemos, Camila Cubayachi, Karina Dias, Jacqueline Nakau Mendonça, Norberto Peporine Lopes, Niege Araçari Jacometti Cardoso Furtado, Renata F V Lopez
Silk fibroin (SF) films containing a peptide, neurotensin (NT), stimulated by iontophoresis were developed aiming to modulate the inflammatory process and prevent the growth of microorganisms typical of wounds. NT-loaded SF films composition shows predominance of β-sheet structures that conferred adequate mechanical properties, transparency, moderate roughness and low swelling index to fibroin films. Infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis suggested the presence of non-covalent interactions between NT and fibroin...
July 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Daniel Barolet
Overview. Melasma is a resistant, sun-induced facial hyperpigmentation capable of remaining present for decades with ensuing psychological distress. Treatment is difficult and focuses on an array of measures to reduce skin hyperpigmentation resulting from triggered hyperactive melanocytes. The pathogenesis of melanoma is not clearly understood but it has been reported that some growth factors and specific cell-signaling pathways are involved. Objective. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the use of pulsed photobiomodulation to modulate melasma via the regulation of gene expression pertaining to skin pigmentation...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Fahmida Tofail, Lia Ch Fernald, Kishor K Das, Mahbubur Rahman, Tahmeed Ahmed, Kaniz K Jannat, Leanne Unicomb, Benjamin F Arnold, Sania Ashraf, Peter J Winch, Patricia Kariger, Christine P Stewart, John M Colford, Stephen P Luby
Background: Poor nutrition and hygiene make children vulnerable to delays in growth and development. We aimed to assess the effects of water quality, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions individually or in combination on the cognitive, motor, and language development of children in rural Bangladesh. Methods: In this cluster-randomised controlled trial, we enrolled pregnant women in their first or second trimester from rural villages of Gazipur, Kishoreganj, Mymensingh, and Tangail districts of central Bangladesh, with an average of eight women per cluster...
April 2018: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
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