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Lichen planopilaris

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904832/frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-treatment-options
#1
Raymond Fertig, Antonella Tosti
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a rare dermatologic disease that causes scarring and hair loss and is increasing in prevalence worldwide. FFA patients typically present with hair loss in the frontal scalp region and eyebrows which may be associated with sensations of itching or burning. FFA is a clinically distinct variant of lichen planopilaris (LPP) that affects predominantly postmenopausal women, although men and premenopausal women may also be affected. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are necessary to prevent definitive scarring and permanent hair loss...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846944/primary-cicatricial-alopecia-lymphocytic-primary-cicatricial-alopecias-including-chronic-cutaneous-lupus-erythematosus-lichen-planopilaris-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-and-graham-little-syndrome
#2
REVIEW
Chantal Bolduc, Leonard C Sperling, Jerry Shapiro
Both primary and secondary forms of cicatricial alopecia have been described. The hair follicles are the specific target of inflammation in primary cicatricial alopecias. Hair follicles are destroyed randomly with surrounding structures in secondary cicatricial alopecia. This 2-part continuing medical education article will review primary cicatricial alopecias according to the working classification suggested by the North American Hair Research Society. In this classification, the different entities are classified into 3 different groups according to their prominent inflammatory infiltrate (ie, lymphocytic, neutrophilic, and mixed)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843930/linear-lichen-planopilaris-of-the-face-case-report-and-review
#3
Daniel Asz-Sigall, Ana Cecilia González-de-Cossio-Hernández, Erika Rodríguez-Lobato, María Fernanda Ortega-Springall, María Elisa Vega-Memije, Roberto Arenas Guzmán
We describe the case of a 45-year-old man who presented with a 5-month history of unilateral pruritic linear erythematous papules and atrophy on the chin and mandibular area. Dermoscopy showed areas of cicatricial alopecia with absence of follicular openings, perifollicular erythema and pigment. Lichen planopilaris of the face is a rare variant with only 13 cases reported in the literature.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673387/eccrine-duct-dilation-as-a-marker-of-cicatricial-alopecia
#4
Timothy Tan, Joan Guitart, Pedram Gerami, Pedram Yazdan
BACKGROUND: Eccrine duct dilation (EDD) and syringoma-like sweat duct proliferation have been described as reactive changes occurring in a variety of skin conditions. However, extensive evaluation of EDD in scalp biopsies performed for alopecia has not been performed. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 129 cases of cicatricial alopecia (lichen planopilaris, central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, and discoid lupus erythematosus) and 130 cases of noncicatricial alopecias (androgenetic alopecia, telogen effluvium, and alopecia areata) for the presence of EDD...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661431/commentary-on-a-new-subtype-of-lichen-planopilaris-affecting-vellus-hairs-and-clinically-mimicking-androgenetic-alopecia
#5
Dow Stough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661430/a-new-subtype-of-lichen-planopilaris-affecting-vellus-hairs-and-clinically-mimicking-androgenetic-alopecia
#6
Ali Abbasi, Kambiz Kamyab-Hesari, Ramin Rabbani, Farzaneh Mollaee, Sheida Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Lichen planopilaris (LPP) is a follicular variant of lichen planus. A new subtype of LPP mimicking androgenetic alopecia (AGA) may be misdiagnosed. Inappropriate medical therapy or hair transplantation may exacerbate this subtype. OBJECTIVE: To introduce clinicopathologic findings of a new subtype of LPP that selectively affects vellus hair in the pattern of AGA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 433 (66.6%) men and 217 (33...
October 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613297/dermoscopy-in-general-dermatology-a-practical-overview
#7
REVIEW
Enzo Errichetti, Giuseppe Stinco
Over the last few years, dermoscopy has been shown to be a useful tool in assisting the noninvasive diagnosis of various general dermatological disorders. In this article, we sought to provide an up-to-date practical overview on the use of dermoscopy in general dermatology by analysing the dermoscopic differential diagnosis of relatively common dermatological disorders grouped according to their clinical presentation, i.e. dermatoses presenting with erythematous-desquamative patches/plaques (plaque psoriasis, eczematous dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, mycosis fungoides and subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus), papulosquamous/papulokeratotic dermatoses (lichen planus, pityriasis rosea, papulosquamous sarcoidosis, guttate psoriasis, pityriasis lichenoides chronica, classical pityriasis rubra pilaris, porokeratosis, lymphomatoid papulosis, papulosquamous chronic GVHD, parakeratosis variegata, Grover disease, Darier disease and BRAF-inhibitor-induced acantholytic dyskeratosis), facial inflammatory skin diseases (rosacea, seborrheic dermatitis, discoid lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, cutaneous leishmaniasis, lupus vulgaris, granuloma faciale and demodicidosis), acquired keratodermas (chronic hand eczema, palmar psoriasis, keratoderma due to mycosis fungoides, keratoderma resulting from pityriasis rubra pilaris, tinea manuum, palmar lichen planus and aquagenic palmar keratoderma), sclero-atrophic dermatoses (necrobiosis lipoidica, morphea and cutaneous lichen sclerosus), hypopigmented macular diseases (extragenital guttate lichen sclerosus, achromic pityriasis versicolor, guttate vitiligo, idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, progressive macular hypomelanosis and postinflammatory hypopigmentations), hyperpigmented maculopapular diseases (pityriasis versicolor, lichen planus pigmentosus, Gougerot-Carteaud syndrome, Dowling-Degos disease, erythema ab igne, macular amyloidosis, lichen amyloidosus, friction melanosis, terra firma-forme dermatosis, urticaria pigmentosa and telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans), itchy papulonodular dermatoses (hypertrophic lichen planus, prurigo nodularis, nodular scabies and acquired perforating dermatosis), erythrodermas (due to psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, mycosis fungoides, pityriasis rubra pilaris and scabies), noninfectious balanitis (Zoon's plasma cell balanitis, psoriatic balanitis, seborrheic dermatitis and non-specific balanitis) and erythroplasia of Queyrat, inflammatory cicatricial alopecias (scalp discoid lupus erythematosus, lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia and folliculitis decalvans), nonscarring alopecias (alopecia areata, trichotillomania, androgenetic alopecia and telogen effluvium) and scaling disorders of the scalp (tinea capitis, scalp psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis and pityriasis amiantacea)...
December 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544399/oral-lichen-planus-preceding-concomitant-lichen-planopilaris
#8
Eric T Stoopler, Sausan Alfaris, Dalal Alomar, Faizan Alawi
Lichen planus (LP) is an immune-mediated mucocutaneous disorder with a wide array of clinical presentations. Oral lichen planus (OLP) is characterized clinically by striae, desquamation, and/or ulceration. Lichen planopilaris (LPP), a variant of LP, affects the scalp, resulting in perifollicular erythema and scarring of cutaneous surfaces accompanied by hair loss. The association between OLP and LPP has been reported previously with scant information on concomitant or sequential disease presentation. We describe a patient with concomitant OLP and LPP, and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on OLP preceding the onset of LPP...
September 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538878/-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia
#9
REVIEW
G Wagner, V Meyer, M M Sachse
Within the group of cicatricial alopecias, Kossard first described frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) in 1994 as a variant of lichen planopilaris (LPP). This classification is based on the histopathological findings of FFA and LPP, which are identical and therefore not separable. The clinical picture of FFA, however, is very characteristic and marked by regionally distinct structures of the skin. Typically, postmenopausal women present with a band-shaped atrophy that is several centimeters wide located in the frontotemporal area...
November 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504707/the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hair-and-scalp-diseases
#10
Hans Wolff, Tobias W Fischer, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi
BACKGROUND: Hair loss is caused by a variety of hair growth disorders, each with its own pathogenetic mechanism. METHODS: This review is based on pertinent articles retrieved by a selective search in PubMed, on the current German and European guidelines, and on the authors' clinical and scientific experience. RESULTS: Excessive daily hair loss (effluvium) may be physiological, as in the postpartum state, or pathological, due for example to thyroid disturbances, drug effects, iron deficiency, or syphilis...
May 27, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477178/trichotillomania-bizzare-patern-of-hair-loss-at-11-year-old-girl
#11
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444072/loss-of-cytokeratin-15-ck15-expression-is-not-specific-for-lichen-planopilaris-lpp
#12
Athanassios Kolivras, Nathaniel Thompson, Curtis Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388531/frontal-fibrosing-alopecia
#13
S Holmes
Frontal fibrosing alopecia, described just over 20 years ago, has become one of the most frequently seen causes of scarring alopecia at many specialist hair clinics. Considered a clinical variant of lichen planopilaris (LPP), it has distinctive features and associations which distinguish it from LPP. Although largely affecting postmenopausal women, a small but increasing number of men and premenopausal women are affected. The spectrum of the disease has expanded from involvement of the frontal hairline and eyebrows, to potentially affecting the entire hairline, facial and body hair...
July 2016: Skin Therapy Letter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345558/-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-report-on-three-pediatric-cases
#14
H Atarguine, O Hocar, A Hamdaoui, N Akhdari, S Amal
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia is a topographic form of lichen planopilaris, which most commonly affects postmenopausal women. We report on three original pediatric cases of this scarring alopecia, including one case of female twins. OBSERVATIONS: The first observation concerns twin sisters, 14 years of age, with frontotemporal symmetric and progressive alopecia, beginning at the age of 5 years, with follicular facial noninflammatory micropapules. Histological examination showed a depletion of hair follicles with dermal fibrosis and perivascular infiltrate...
August 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272456/desmoplastic-melanoma-presenting-as-primary-alopecia-neoplastica-a-report-of-two-cases
#15
Emily M Erstine, Hillary R Elwood, Kent C Westbrook, Timothy H McCalmont, Sara C Shalin, Jerad M Gardner
Desmoplastic melanoma is an uncommon form of melanoma characterized by atypical spindled melanocytes and abundant collagen deposition. It typically presents in sun-damaged skin of the elderly as an amelanotic, indurated lesion. It has a higher tendency for local recurrence but lower risk of lymph node metastasis vs. conventional malignant melanoma. We report two cases in women aged 59 and 66 who presented with small scalp lesions clinically suggestive of alopecia. The differential diagnosis included alopecia areata, lupus erythematosus and lichen planopilaris...
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225248/reflectance-confocal-microscopy-for-scarring-and-non-scarring-alopecia-real-time-assessment
#16
Marco Ardigò, Marina Agozzino, Chiara Franceschini, Carlo Donadio, Leonardo Spagnol Abraham, Luca Barbieri, Isabella Sperduti, Enzo Berardesca, Salvador González
Clinical management of alopecia represents one of the major issues in dermatology. Scalp biopsies are not easily accepted because of the high bleeding and sensitive anatomical area. Trichoscopy is routinely used for diagnosis of alopecia, but in several cases lack to provide sufficient information on the status of the disease. Recently, reflectance confocal microscopy demonstrated its usefulness for the evaluation of several inflammatory skin condition and preliminary reports about alopecia have been proposed in the literature...
July 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27185435/clusters-of-cd123-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-help-distinguish-lupus-alopecia-from-lichen-planopilaris
#17
Athanassios Kolivras, Curtis Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171360/flame-hair
#18
Mariya Miteva, Antonella Tosti
BACKGROUND: 'Flame hairs' is a trichoscopic feature described as hair residue from pulling anagen hairs in trichotillomania. OBJECTIVE: To detect whether flame hairs are present in other hair loss disorders. METHODS: We retrospectively, independently and blindly reviewed the trichoscopic images of 454 consecutive patients with alopecia areata (99 cases), trichotillomania (n = 20), acute chemotherapy-induced alopecia (n = 6), acute radiotherapy-induced alopecia (n = 2), tinea capitis (n = 13), lichen planopilaris (n = 33), frontal fibrosing alopecia (n = 60), discoid lupus erythematosus (n = 30), dissecting cellulitis (n = 11), central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (n = 94) and traction alopecia (n = 86) for the presence of flame hairs...
September 2015: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136624/tinea-capitis-in-adults
#19
Isabella C Auchus, Kimberley M Ward, Robert T Brodell, Melissa J Brents, Jeremy D Jackson
BACKGROUND: Tinea capitis is caused by dermatophyte fungi that utilize keratin as a nutrient source.  Scalp erythema, scaling, andcrusting are typical signs of this disease.  Although most commonly seen in prepubescent children, tinea capitis can occur in adults. RESULTS: Endothrix tinea capitis owing to Trichophyton tonsurans commonly produces generalized scaling and localized perifollicular inflammation reminiscent of lichen planopilaris. Ectothrix tinea capitis owing to Microsporum sp...
2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130548/cd123-immunohistochemistry-for-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-is-useful-in-the-diagnosis-of-scarring-alopecia
#20
Katherine Fening, Viswas Parekh, Kristopher McKay
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing types of lymphocytic scarring alopecia is often difficult because of the overlapping features. Recently, the presence of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) in cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE) was demonstrated and further shown to help distinguish lupus from other dermatoses.1-6 This study aims to determine if the presence and distribution of PDCs can aid in the diagnosis of scarring alopecia. METHODS: Cases of scarring alopecia due to chronic cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CCLE), lichen planopilaris (LPP) and central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA) were examined histopathologically...
August 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
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