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Begum Aydin, Gokcen Guvenc, Burcin Altinbas, Nasir Niaz, Murat Yalcin
Nesfatin-1, a peptide whose receptor is yet to be identified, has been shown to be involved in the modulation of feeding, stress, and metabolic responses. Recently, increasing evidence has supported a modulatory role of nesfatin-1 in cardiovascular activity. We have previously reported that nesfatin-1 causes an increase in blood pressure in normotensive and hypotensive rats by increasing plasma catecholamine, vasopressin, and renin levels. Recent reports suggest that nesfatin-1 may activate the central cholinergic system...
May 4, 2018: Neuropeptides
Xing-Liang Duan, Lei Li, Ya-Ni Li
Nesfatin-1, a newly discovered adipokine, inhibits inflammatory response. Inflammation is involved in the mechanism of atrial fibrillation (AF). We aim to determine the association between serum nesfatin-1 concentrations and AF. A population of 200 patients with AF and 108 patients without AF were enrolled in this study. These patients were divided into three subgroups of paroxysmal AF, persistent AF, and permanent AF. Serum nesfatin-1 concentrations were lower in AF patients than in controls. Logistic regression analysis showed that serum nesfatin-1 concentrations were inversely associated with AF...
June 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Nan Zhang, Jiangbo Li, Huiling Wang, Ling Xiao, Yanyan Wei, Jing He, Gaohua Wang
Background: The incidence of depressive symptoms is higher in cancer patients. And depression can also affect the occurrence, development and outcome of cancer through the neuroendocrine-immune-network system. Objective: To study the level of Nesfatin-1 in the plasma and brain tissue and its role in the pathogenesis in gastric cancer comorbid with depression using a mouse gastric cancer model. Methods: 18 mice were randomly divided into the normal control group (NCG), gastric cancer without stress model group (GCNS), and gastric cancer combined with stress model group (GCS)...
April 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
Sezer Acar, Gönül Çatlı, Tuncay Küme, Hale Tuhan, Özlem Gürsoy Çalan, Korcan Demir, Ece Böber, Ayhan Abacı
Background/aim: Nesfatin-1, an anorexigenic molecule, seems to play a role in appetite regulation and energy homeostasis. The goal of this study was to evaluate the relation of nesfatin-1 with anthropometric and metabolic (ghrelin, leptin) parameters in children with idiopathic chronic malnutrition. Materials and methods: The study included 37 underweight and 38 healthy children who were similar regarding age, sex, and pubertal status. Anthropometric and biochemical (nesfatin-1, ghrelin, and leptin levels) variables were assessed...
April 30, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Boyang Zhang, Masanori Nakata, Ming Lu, Jun Nakae, Takashi Okada, Wataru Ogawa, Toshihiko Yada
In the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC), orexigenic agouti-related peptide (AgRP) neurons regulate feeding behavior and energy homeostasis. The 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) in AgRP neurons serves as a major signaling molecule for leptin and insulin, the hormones regulating feeding behavior, energy homeostasis and circulation. However, it is unclear whether PDK1 in AGRP neurons is also involved in regulation of blood pressure. This study explored it by generating and analyzing AgRP neuron-specific PDK1 knockout (Agrp-Pdk1flox/flox ) mice and effect of high salt diet on blood pressure in KO and WT mice was analyzed...
April 26, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Qing-Bo Lu, Hui-Ping Wang, Zi-Han Tang, Han Cheng, Qiong Du, Yuan-Ben Wang, Wu-Bing Feng, Ke-Xue Li, Wei-Wei Cai, Li-Ying Qiu, Hai-Jian Sun
The phenotypic transformation from differentiated to dedifferentiated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays a crucial role in VSMC proliferation and vascular remodeling in many cardiovascular diseases including hypertension. Nesfatin-1, a multifunctional adipocytokine, is critically involved in the regulation of blood pressure. However, it is still largely unexplored whether nesfatin-1 is a potential candidate in VSMC phenotypic switch and proliferation in hypertension. Experiments were carried out in Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY), spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), human VSMCs and primary rat aortic VSMCs...
April 5, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Min-Min Xiao, Jiang-Bo Li, Lan-Lan Jiang, Hui Shao, Bao-Long Wang
BACKGROUND: Nesfatin-1 plays a role in the regulation of emotional states like depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the plasma nesfatin-1levels in Chinese patients with depression and healthy subjects, and to determine the possible association between the plasma nesfatin-1 level and the severity of depression. METHODS: A total of 103 depressive patients and 32 healthy subjects were assessed. According to HAMD-17scores, 51, 18, and 34 patients were enrolled in the mild depression, moderate depression, and severe depression groups, respectively...
April 3, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Ji-Ru Zhang, Qing-Bo Lu, Wu-Bing Feng, Hui-Ping Wang, Zi-Han Tang, Han Cheng, Qiong Du, Yuan-Ben Wang, Ke-Xue Li, Hai-Jian Sun
The dedifferentiation, proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are essential in the progression of hypertension, atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. Nesfatin-1 is a potential modulator in cardiovascular functions. However, the role of nesfatin-1 in VSMC biology has not been explored. The present study was designed to determine the regulatory role of nesfatin-1 in VSMC proliferation, migration and intimal hyperplasia after vascular injury. Herein, we demonstrated that nesfatin-1 promoted VSMC phenotype switch from a contractile to a synthetic state, stimulated VSMC proliferation and migration in vitro...
March 28, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Mehmet Bülbül, R Alberto Travagli
The last few decades have seen a major increase in the number of neurotransmitters and neuropeptides recognized as playing a role in brainstem neurocircuits, including those involved in homeostatic functions such as stress responsiveness, gastrointestinal (GI) motility, feeding, and/or arousal/wakefulness. This mini-review will focus on the known physiological role of three of these novel neuropeptides, i.e. apelin, nesfatin-1 and neuropeptide-S (NPS) with a special emphasis on their hypothetical roles in vagal signaling related to GI motor functions...
March 29, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Parvin Dehghan, Siroos Tajmiri
BACKGROUND: Hashimoto's thyroiditis is associated with serious alterations in serum lipids and glucose homeostasis. The aims of the current study were to evaluate the effect of powdered Nigella sativa on serum lipids, glucose homeostasis and anthropometric variables in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. METHODS: Forty patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, aged between 22 and 50 years old, participated in the trial and were randomly allocated into two groups of intervention and control receiving powdered Nigella sativa or placebo daily for 8 weeks...
March 27, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
Hossein Shirvani, Ehsan Arabzadeh
PURPOSE: An imbalance in the production of adipokines and myokines impairs the energy expenditure, increases adipocyte and develops metabolic pathologies. Physical exercise is able to regulate the secretion of myokines and adipokines. The present study considers the metabolic cross talk between skeletal muscle and adipose tissue in high-intensity interval training vs. moderate-intensity continuous training by regulation of PGC-1α. METHODS: A sample of 32 male Wistar rats (8 weeks old with mean weight 250 ± 55 g) were divided into four groups randomly: control of base (CO), control of 8 weeks (CO8w), moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), and high-intensity interval training (HIIT)...
February 26, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Sermin Algul, Oguz Ozcelik
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the importance of nesfatin-1, acylated and des-acylated ghrelin, which are known as energy regulatory hormones, in patients with moderate and severe major depression disorders (MDD). METHODS: Thirty patients with a moderate degree of MDD and, 30 with a severe degree of MDD were used as participants in this study. Thirty subjects without depression were enrolled as a control group. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale was used to classify the patients with MDD...
February 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Chanel Robinson, Linda Tsang, Ahmed Solomon, Angela J Woodiwiss, Sule Gunter, Mervyn Mer, Hon-Chun Hsu, Monica Gomes, Gavin R Norton, Aletta M E Millen, P H Dessein
Nesfatin is an anti-inflammatory molecule that reduces atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk. By contrast, visfatin has pro-inflammatory properties and is pro-atherogenic. We examined the potential impact of nesfatin and visfatin on atherosclerotic disease in 232 (113 black and 119 white) consecutive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients from 2 centers. Independent relationships of nesfatin and visfatin concentrations with metabolic risk factors, endothelial activation, carotid atherosclerosis and altered plaque stability were determined in multivariable regression models...
April 2018: Peptides
Sermin Algul, Cagri Ozdenk, Oguz Ozcelik
The aims of this study were to investigate the impacts of acute aerobic exercise on circulating levels of hormones associated with energy metabolism, namely leptin, nesfatin-1 and irisin, in trained and untrained male subjects and to determine whether the timing of the exercise (i.e. morning or night) amplified these impacts. Thirty trained (19.2±0.7 years) and 30 untrained (19.5±0.6 years) male subjects performed two aerobic running exercises (3 days between tests) to 64-76% of the subjects' maximal heart rate for about 30 min...
December 2017: Biology of Sport
A T D Ozcan, C B Altin, S Erdogan, M Ergin, A Çiftçi, H Kara, S M Aksoy, A But
BACKGROUND: Nesfatin-1 is involved in cardiovascular regulation, stress-related responses. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of volatile anesthetics on Nesfatin-1 levels. METHOD: Fourty-two patients aged 30-65 years with the American Society Anesthesiology (ASA) Class I-II who were scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study Patients were randomized into two group; desflurane administered group (Group I, n = 21) and sevoflurane administered group (Group II, n = 21)...
February 16, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
Qing-Rong Xia, Jun Liang, Yin Cao, Feng Shan, Yang Liu, Ya-Yun Xu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the plasma nesfatin-1, corticosterone, and inflammatory cytokine (IL-6, CRP, and TNF-α) concentrations cross-sectionally in patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: Subjects in the patient group were randomly selected from the Anhui Mental Health Center, and subjects in the control group were selected from healthy volunteers. Healthy control subjects were matched in terms of weight and body mass index...
May 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Rui He, Yue Yin, Yin Li, Ziru Li, Jing Zhao, Weizhen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Despite of its significant therapeutic effects on obesity and metabolic diseases, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has limited clinical application because of considerable impacts on the gastrointestinal structure and postoperative complications. This study aims to develop a simplified surgical approach with less damage and complication but efficient metabolic benefit. METHODS: The effects of Esophagus-Duodenum gastric bypass (EDGB) on body weight, food intake, glucose and lipid metabolism were compared to RYGB in mice...
February 2018: EBioMedicine
M Kolgazi, Z N Ozdemir-Kumral, C Cantali-Ozturk, E K Demirci, M Yuksel, S Sirvanci, B C Yegen
In order to elucidate the contribution of cycloxygenase (COX) enzymes in the anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms of nesfatin-1, which improves the healing process of chronic gastric ulcers, either acetic acid (80%; ulcer groups; n = 40) or saline (control groups; n = 40) was applied to the serosal surface of male Sprague Dawley rats' stomachs for 1 min. Both the control and ulcer groups were treated daily with either i.p. saline or nesfatin-1 (0.3 μg/kg; for 3 days). Nesfatin-1-treatment was preceded with i...
October 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Marina De Candia, Edoardo Dalla Nora, Juana Maria Sanz, Mario Luca Morieri, Andrea Cutini, Giovanni Zuliani, Angelina Passaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Hooman Heidarzadeh, Morteza Zendehdel, Vahab Babapour, Hasan Gilanpour
The present study was designed to determine the effect of central injection of Nesfatin-1 and corticotropin and histaminergic systems on food intake in neonatal meat-type chicks. In this study, 7 experiments were designed, each with 4 treatment groups. In experiment 1, four groups of chicks received the ICV injection of (A) phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), (B) Nesfatin-1 (10 ng), (C) Nesfatin-1 (20 ng) and (D) Nesfatin-1 (40 ng). In experiment 2, (A) PBS, (B) Astressin-B (CRF1 /CRF2 receptors antagonist; 30 µg), (C) Nesfatin-1 (40 ng) and (D) Nesfatin-1 + Astressin-B were injected...
March 2018: Veterinary Research Communications
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