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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919093/clip-closure-and-division-instead-of-stapling-for-the-last-small-gastric-bridge-between-gastric-pouch-and-remnant-stomach-in-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#1
Adem Yuksel, Fatih Sumer, Cuneyt Kayaalp
INTRODUCTION: Here, a modification during gastric pouch forming was implemented in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). We aimed to examine the feasibility of metallic clip closure for the remaining small stomach bridges (<1 cm) between the pouch and the remnant stomach. METHODS: During pouch creation, after the last stapler firing, the remaining small bridge was closed with clips and divided instead of using a new stapler. Metallic clips for this aim were used in 41 of 520 LRYGP between September 2010 and January 2017...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904665/-idiopathic-gastric-perforation-in-neonates-about-a-case
#2
Fatima Zahra Aglili, Maha Oudrhiri, Houria Knouni, Younes Taboz, Hasna Benkiran, Hassan Aguenaou, Fouad Ettaybi, Amina Barkat
Spontaneous neonatal gastric perforation is rare. We report the case of a newborn without any abnormality identified at delivery and whose mother had problem-free pregnancy. On the third day of life, he had a sudden onset of severe abdominal distension followed by bilious vomiting. Abdominal X-rays without treatment showed massive pneumoperitoneum and laparotomy showed a perforation at the level of the anterior gastric wall closed in a single layer closure. Postoperative course was uneventful. Spontaneous neonatal gastric perforation usually has a favorable outcome...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904662/long-term-results-of-retromuscular-hernia-repair-a-single-center-experience
#3
Ilker Murat Arer, Hakan Yabanoglu, Huseyin Ozgur Aytac, Ali Ezer, Kenan Caliskan
INTRODUCTION: Incisional hernia (IH) is one of the most frequent postoperative complications after abdominal surgery. There are multiple surgical techniques described for IH repair. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of primary fascial closure on long-term results in retromuscular hernia repair (RHR) for incisional hernias. METHODS: A total of 132 patients underwent RHR for IH were included in our study. 109 patients were evaluated in 2009 and 55 patients in 2015 for short and long-term results...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893435/gradual-bone-transfer-for-the-correction-of-the-pubic-diastasis-using-the-ilizarov-technique-in-closure-of-bladder-and-cloacal-exstrophy
#4
Hiroshi Kusakabe, Katsuhiko Ueoka, Shinichiro Takayama, Atsuhito Seki
BACKGROUND: In the patient of the cloacal exstrophy, cloaca with local abdominal wall is disrupted and exposed inner surface of the bladder needs early closure. Pelvic osteotomies are required for severe cases whose bladder cannot be closed by the suture of soft tissue only. We developed a technique involving the gradual positioning of bone fragments using a light, Ilizarov external fixator. The usefulness of the technique was assessed. METHODS: We enrolled 3 patients with cloacal exstrophy and 1 with bladder exstrophy as a gradual transfer group and 6 patients who were treated by other osteotomies as a control group...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892921/a-rare-case-of-genital-malformation-with-omphalocele-exstrophy-of-bladder-imperforate-anus-and-spinal-defect-complex-autopsy-findings
#5
K Mamatha, B R Yelikar, Varsha R Deshpande, B S Disha
Omphalocele, Exstrophy of cloaca, Imperforate anus and Spinal defects (OEIS) is a severe manifestation of exstrophy-epispadias sequence with a combination of defects including OEIS. It results from improper closure of anterior abdominal wall and defective development of cloaca and urogenital septum due to defect in blastogenesis during the 4(th) week of gestation. Identification of this complex is important through foetal autopsy as this condition can recur in siblings. Prenatal diagnosis also helps to prevent foetal death with appropriate management in the less severe cases...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892783/internal-supravesical-hernia-repaired-via-the-anterior-approach-alone-a-case-report
#6
Masaki Morimoto, Soichiro Honjo, Teruhisa Sakamoto, Naruo Tokuyasu, Yosuke Arai, Masataka Amisaki, Ei Uchinaka, Yasuro Kurisu, Sadamu Takahashi, Hiroshi Watanabe, Satoshi Nagai, Yoshiyuki Fujiwara
INTRODUCTION: Internal supravesical hernia is one of the rarest types of inguinal hernia. The hernial orifice is surrounded by the transverse vesical fold, median umbilical fold, and medial umbilical fold. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 75-year-old male presented with lower abdominal pain and nausea. Plain abdominal CT showed that the bladder was suppressed by small bowel near the left internal inguinal ring. A part of the small bowel wall seemed to be inlaid, and so the patient was diagnosed with a strangulated left inguinal hernia...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891375/results-of-afx-unibody-stent-graft-implantation-in-patients-with-tasc-d-aortoiliac-lesions-and-coexistent-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#7
Pasqualino Sirignano, Wassim Mansour, Laura Capoccia, Chiara Pranteda, Nunzio Montelione, Francesco Speziale
PURPOSE: To describe results of AFX unibody stent-graft treatment for TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) D aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD) with coexistent abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 21 consecutive patients (mean age 73.6±6.4 years; 17 men) with TASC D AIOD plus AAA (diameter >3.5 cm) treated electively using the AFX stent-graft. Common iliac artery (CIA) and external iliac artery (EIA) stenosis or occlusion was reported...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890277/-prenatal-diagnosis-of-abdominal-wall-defects
#8
H El Mhabrech, H Ben Hmida, H Charfi, A Zrig, C Hafsa
Anterior abdominal wall defects (AAWD) correspond to a wide spectrum of congenital defects affecting 6.3/10,000 pregnancies. They have in common a closure defect of the anterior abdominal wall and can be fatal or expose the fetus and the neonate (NN) to many complications. This study was based on a retrospective study of 22 cases of AAWD collected between May 2009 and December 2014. Its purpose was to specify the importance of prenatal ultrasonography in the diagnosis and prognosis assessment of these defects...
September 7, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885412/outcomes-associated-with-a-five-point-surgical-site-infection-prevention-bundle-in-women-undergoing-surgery-for-ovarian-cancer
#9
Melissa H Lippitt, Melissa Gerardi Fairbairn, Rayna Matsuno, Rebecca L Stone, Edward J Tanner, Elizabeth C Wick, Ana C Angarita, Kara Long Roche, Kimberly L Levinson, Jennifer E Bergstrom, Abdulrahman K Sinno, Melanie S Curless, Stephanie Wethington, Sarah M Temkin, Jonathan Efron, Deborah Hobson, Amanda N Fader
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for surgical site infection and to define rates associated with cytoreductive surgery before and after implementation of an infection prevention bundle. METHODS: We conducted a prospective quality improvement study. Patients who underwent ovarian, fallopian tube, or peritoneal cancer cytoreductive surgery at an academic tertiary care center from April 2014 to April 2016 were prospectively enrolled. Patient demographics, surgical variables, and surgical site infection rates were compared with a historical cohort after introduction of a 5-point infection prevention bundle, including: 1) preoperative and intraoperative skin preparation with 4% chlorhexidine and intraoperative vaginal preparation with 4% chlorhexidine; 2) preoperative use of oral antibiotics and mechanical bowel preparation; 3) appropriate timing of intraoperative antibiotics; 4) adoption of enhanced sterile surgical techniques for colon procedures and incisional closure; and 5) perioperative incision management...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877534/open-abdomen-improves-survival-in-patients-with-peritonitis-secondary-to-acute-superior-mesenteric-artery-occlusion
#10
Weiwei Ding, Kai Wang, Baochen Liu, Xinxin Fan, Shikai Wang, Jianmin Cao, Xingjiang Wu, Jieshou Li
BACKGROUND: Damage control surgery and open abdomen (OA) have been extensively used in the severe traumatic patients. However, there was little information when extended to a nontrauma setting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the liberal use of OA as a damage control surgery adjunct improved the clinical outcome in acute superior mesenteric artery occlusion patients. STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, retrospective cohort review was performed in a national tertiary surgical referral center...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876621/the-absolute-number-of-repeat-operations-for-complex-intra-abdominal-sepsis-is-not-a-useful-predictor-of-non-survival
#11
M F Scriba, G L Laing, J L Bruce, D L Clarke
BACKGROUND: When multiple repeat laparotomies are required to manage intra-abdominal sepsis, questions about futility of treatment frequently arise. This study focuses specifically on patients who required two or more repeat laparotomies and describes the spectrum of disease necessitating multiple repeat laparotomies and the associated outcomes in the hope of clarifying the issue. METHOD: This study was conducted over a 20-month period (December 2012 - July 2014) at Greys Hospital in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873062/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-to-assess-use-of-2-lidocaine-irrigation-to-prevent-abdominal-surgical-site-infection
#12
Alejandro Quiroga-Garza, Juan Manuel Valdivia-Balderas, Miguel Ángel Trejo-Sánchez, Abraham Guadalupe Espinosa-Uribe, Cynthia Guadalupe Reyes-Hernández, Rodrigo Enrique Elizondo-Omaña
Surgical site infections (SSI) are the third most common nosocomial infection, increasing morbidity and mortality rates of patients as well as their costs of care, but longer-term follow up studies and data are limited. Lidocaine, in addition to being a readily available and accessible local anesthetic, is known to have bacteriostatic properties. A prospective, descriptive, controlled, randomized clinical trial was conducted among patients scheduled to undergo abdominal sur- gery in the general surgical unit of a Mexican hospital...
August 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862743/negative-pressure-therapy-versus-passive-open-abdominal-drainage-for-the-treatment-of-septic-peritonitis-in-dogs-a-randomized-prospective-study
#13
Anneleen L Spillebeen, Joris H Robben, Rachel Thomas, Jolle Kirpensteijn, Sebastiaan A van Nimwegen
OBJECTIVE: To compare passive open abdominal drainage (POAD) and negative-pressure abdominal drainage (NPAD) using the ABThera™ system in the treatment of septic peritonitis. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 16) with septic peritonitis. METHODS: Dogs with septic peritonitis were randomly assigned to one of two treatment protocols: NPAD versus POAD. Anesthesia time, operating time, duration of drainage, costs, survival, and complications were compared between techniques...
September 1, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857656/diaphragm-reconstruction-combined-with-thoraco-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-after-tumor-resection
#14
Hiroaki Kuwahara, Juho Salo, Erkki Tukiainen
BACKGROUND: Thoraco-abdominal wall resection including diaphragm resection results in a challenging surgical defect. Various methods have been used for diaphragm reconstruction. The aim of this study was to describe our methods of diaphragm and thoraco-abdominal wall reconstruction after combined resection of these anatomical structures. METHODS: Twenty-one patients underwent diaphragm resection at our institution between 1997 and 2015. We used a mesh or direct closure for diaphragm defect and a mesh for chest wall stabilization...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851399/a-mixed-methods-feasibility-and-external-pilot-study-to-inform-a-large-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-surgical-wound-dressing-strategies-on-surgical-site-infections-bluebelle-phase-b-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Barnaby C Reeves, Lazaros Andronis, Jane M Blazeby, Natalie S Blencowe, Melanie Calvert, Joanna Coast, Tim Draycott, Jenny L Donovan, Rachael Gooberman-Hill, Robert J Longman, Laura Magill, Jonathan M Mathers, Thomas D Pinkney, Chris A Rogers, Leila Rooshenas, Andrew Torrance, Nicky J Welton, Mark Woodward, Kate Ashton, Katarzyna D Bera, Gemma L Clayton, Lucy A Culliford, Jo C Dumville, Daisy Elliott, Lucy Ellis, Hannah Gould-Brown, Rhiannon C Macefield, Christel McMullan, Caroline Pope, Dimitrios Siassakos, Sean Strong, Helen Talbot
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) are common, occurring in up to 25% of > 4 million operations performed in England each year. Previous trials of the effect of wound dressings on the risk of developing a SSI are of poor quality and underpowered. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a feasibility and pilot trial to examine the feasibility of a full trial that will compare simple dressings, no dressing and tissue-glue as a dressing. It is examining the overall acceptability of trial participation, identifying opportunities for refinement, testing the feasibility of and validating new outcome tools to assess SSI, wound management issues and patients' wound symptom experiences...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846501/rapid-source-control-laparotomy-is-there-a-mortality-benefit
#16
James Vogler, Laura Bagwell, Leslie Hart, Sharon Holmes, Jason Sciaretta, John Mihran Davis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence rapid source-control laparotomy (RSCL) has on the mortality rate in non-trauma patients with intra-abdominal infection. The hypothesis was that RSCL reduces deaths and hospital lengths of stay (LOS) in patients compared with definitive repair and primary fascial closure (PFC). METHODS: The International Classification of Diseases-10 codes for sepsis, gastric and duodenal ulcer perforation or hemorrhage, incisional or ventral hernia with obstruction, intestinal volvulus, ileus with obstruction, diverticulitis with perforation or abscess, vascular disorder of intestine, non-traumatic intestinal perforation, peritoneal abscess, and unspecified peritonitis were used to query the 2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (NSQIP) database for all patients treated with either RSCL or PFC...
August 28, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846497/the-efficacy-of-a-novel-surgical-device-in-preventing-intraoperative-wound-contamination-in-an-in-vivo-porcine-model
#17
Insoo Suh, Sarah A Long, Jonathan Coe, Jeremy Koehler, Donald Fry, Mark L Welton
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) remain a morbid and costly complication in abdominal surgery. Topical antibiotic delivery via intraoperative irrigation and barrier wound protection are strategies for preventing SSI. We tested the safety and efficacy of a novel wound protector device with an integrated fluid irrigation platform in a porcine model. METHODS: A simulated colorectal resection model was designed and performed on adult female pigs with a standardized concentration of 10(9) colony-forming units (CFU) of Escherichia coli administered to the wound site in 10 mL of normal saline (n = 7)...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837537/characterization-of-hypoalbuminemia-following-temporary-abdominal-closure
#18
Tyler J Loftus, Janeen R Jordan, Chasen A Croft, R Stephen Smith, Philip A Efron, Frederick A Moore, Alicia M Mohr, Scott C Brakenridge
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to characterize associations among serum proteins, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) fluid loss, and primary fascial closure (PFC) following emergent laparotomy and temporary abdominal closure (TAC). We hypothesized that high levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and NPWT output would be associated with hypoalbuminemia and failure to achieve PFC. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 233 patients managed with NPWT TAC...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832909/longitudinal-transvaginal-ultrasound-evaluation-of-cesarean-scar-niche-incidence-and-depth-in-the-first-two-years-after-single-or-double-layer-uterotomy-closure-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Christian Bamberg, Larry Hinkson, Joachim W Dudenhausen, Verena Bujak, Karim D Kalache, Wolfgang Henrich
INTRODUCTION: Cesarean deliveries are the most common abdominal surgery procedure globally, and the optimal way to suture the hysterotomy remains a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of cesarean scar niches and the depth after single- or double-layer uterine closure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a randomized controlled trial in which women were allocated to three uterotomy suture techniques: continuous single-layer unlocked, continuous locked single-layer, or double-layer sutures...
August 21, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831516/-management-of-traumatic-intestinal-injury-of-mass-casualties
#20
REVIEW
J F Lock, F Anger, C-T Germer
While intestinal injury is relatively rare in blunt abdominal trauma, it is common in penetrating abdominal trauma. Intestinal injury cannot be detected effectively by computed tomography (CT); therefore penetrating abdominal injury or abdominal signs in blunt trauma require liberal indications for explorative laparotomy. In mass casualty situations patients with hemodynamic instability and abdominal signs should be prioritized for surgery. Besides intra-abdominal hemorrhage the major issue is septic complications due to intestinal perforation...
August 22, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
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