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High intensity interval

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732144/influence-of-high-latitude-light-conditions-on-sensory-quality-and-contents-of-health-and-sensory-related-compounds-in-swede-roots-brassica-napus-l-ssp-rapifera-metzg
#1
Jørgen A B Mølmann, Sidsel Fiskaa Hagen, Gunnar B Bengtsson, Tor J Johansen
BACKGROUND: Vegetable growers in Arctic areas usually must rely on market strategies based on regional origin and product quality. Swede roots (rutabaga) were grown in a phytotron to investigate the effect of high latitude light conditions on sensory quality and some health and sensory-related compounds. Experimental treatments included modifications of 24 h natural day length (69° 39' N), by moving plants at daily intervals to dark chambers with either no light, fluorescent growth light and/or low intensity photoperiod extension...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729841/prevalence-of-non-responders-for-glucose-control-markers-after-10-weeks-of-high-intensity-interval-training-in-adult-women-with-higher-and-lower-insulin-resistance
#2
Cristian Álvarez, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Mikel Izquierdo
Background: Exercise training improves performance and biochemical parameters on average, but wide interindividual variability exists, with individuals classified as responders (R) or non-responders (NRs), especially between populations with higher or lower levels of insulin resistance. This study assessed the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and the prevalence of NRs in adult women with higher and lower levels of insulin resistance. Methods: Forty adult women were assigned to a HIIT program, and after training were analyzed in two groups; a group with higher insulin resistance (H-IR, 40 ± 6 years; BMI: 29...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727846/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-versus-mild-intensity-endurance-training-on-metabolic-phenotype-and-corticosterone-response-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-or-control-diet
#3
Youqing Shen, Guoyuan Huang, Bryan P McCormick, Tao Song, Xiangfeng Xu
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HI) to mild-intensity endurance training (ME), combined with a high-fat diet (HFD) or control diet (CD) on metabolic phenotype and corticosterone levels in rats. Fifty-three rats were randomized to 6 groups according to diet and training regimen as follows: CD and sedentary (CS, n = 11), CD and ME (CME, n = 8), CD and HI (CHI, n = 8), HFD and sedentary (HS, n = 10), HFD and ME (HME, n = 8), and HFD and HI (HHI, n = 8)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727542/single-session-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-treatment-for-persistent-or-relapsed-graves-disease-preliminary-experience-in-a-prospective-study
#4
Brian Hung-Hin Lang, Yu-Cho Woo, Ian Yat-Hin Wong, Keith Wan-Hang Chiu
Purpose To evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasonography (US)-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation as a treatment for medically refractory Graves disease (GD). Materials and Methods After ethics approval, a prospective trial (NCT02685514) was performed from November 2015 to February 2016. Thirty patients underwent ablation of the entire right and left thyroid lobes, with areas near the tracheal-esophageal groove and common carotid artery left unablated. Serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free T4 (FT4), antithyroid autoantibodies, and TSH receptor (TSHR) antibody levels were evaluated afterward, and US color Doppler, US volumetry, and eye assessment were performed...
July 20, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726745/dual-source-linear-energy-prediction-line-p-model-in-the-context-of-wsns
#5
Faisal Ahmed, Gert Tamberg, Yannick Le Moullec, Paul Annus
Energy harvesting technologies such as miniature power solar panels and micro wind turbines are increasingly used to help power wireless sensor network nodes. However, a major drawback of energy harvesting is its varying and intermittent characteristic, which can negatively affect the quality of service. This calls for careful design and operation of the nodes, possibly by means of, e.g., dynamic duty cycling and/or dynamic frequency and voltage scaling. In this context, various energy prediction models have been proposed in the literature; however, they are typically compute-intensive or only suitable for a single type of energy source...
July 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726550/exploring-the-impact-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-adolescents-objectively-measured-physical-activity-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sarah A Costigan, Nicola D Ridgers, Narelle Eather, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Nigel Harris, David R Lubans
High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) may be effective for accumulating VPA. However, the contribution of HIIT to overall physical activity is unknown. Our primary aim was to explore the impact of school-based HIIT on physical activity. The secondary aim was to explore within-individual changes in physical activity after participating in HIIT. Participants [n = 65; 15.8(0.6)years] were randomized to a HIIT or control group. Intervention groups participated in three HIIT sessions/week. GENEActiv accelerometers assessed objective physical activity at baseline and week-one, to detect changes in MPA and VPA...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723920/temperature-modulates-dengue-virus-epidemic-growth-rates-through-its-effects-on-reproduction-numbers-and-generation-intervals
#7
Amir S Siraj, Rachel J Oidtman, John H Huber, Moritz U G Kraemer, Oliver J Brady, Michael A Johansson, T Alex Perkins
Epidemic growth rate, r, provides a more complete description of the potential for epidemics than the more commonly studied basic reproduction number, R0, yet the former has never been described as a function of temperature for dengue virus or other pathogens with temperature-sensitive transmission. The need to understand the drivers of epidemics of these pathogens is acute, with arthropod-borne virus epidemics becoming increasingly problematic. We addressed this need by developing temperature-dependent descriptions of the two components of r-R0 and the generation interval-to obtain a temperature-dependent description of r...
July 19, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723872/marked-under-reporting-of-pertussis-requiring-hospitalization-in-infants-as-estimated-by-capture-recapture-methodology-germany-2013-2015
#8
Anika Schielke, Anja Takla, Rüdiger von Kries, Ole Wichmann, Wiebke Hellenbrand
BACKGROUND: In Germany, pertussis became notifiable in eastern federal states in 2002 and nationwide in March 2013. Infants are at greatest risk for severe disease, with a high proportion requiring hospitalization. We implemented enhanced hospital-based surveillance to estimate the incidence of pertussis requiring hospitalization among infants in Germany and to determine the proportion of infants hospitalized with pertussis too young to have been vaccinated. METHODS: Enhanced surveillance was implemented within a nationwide hospital surveillance network (ESPED)...
July 18, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723862/risk-of-colorectal-cancer-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Yuga Komaki, Fukiko Komaki, Dejan Micic, Akio Ido, Atsushi Sakuraba
BACKGROUND: Association between chronic kidney disease and colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. GOALS: To assess the risk of CRC in patients with various chronic kidney diseases before and after kidney transplantation. STUDY: Electronic databases were searched for cohort studies assessing the risk of CRC in patients with chronic kidney diseases. The primary outcome was the risk of CRC among studies that reported the risk as standardized incidence rate (SIR)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723844/associations-of-physical-activity-intensities-with-markers-of-insulin-sensitivity
#10
Charlotte Jelleyman, Charlotte L Edwardson, Joseph Henson, Laura J Gray, Alex V Rowlands, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies, Thomas Yates
BACKGROUND: Objectively measured physical activity (PA) intensity has traditionally been categorised as light, moderate and vigorous using laboratory calibrated cut-points. The relative contribution of time spent across a spectrum of accelerometer-determined intensities on health outcomes is less clear. PURPOSE: To assess the relationship between objectively measured PA intensity on a continuous scale and markers of insulin sensitivity. METHODS: Participants at high risk of type 2 diabetes were recruited from primary care (Leicestershire, UK)...
July 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722022/opioid-release-after-high-intensity-interval-training-in-healthy-human-subjects
#11
Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Tuominen, Jetro J Tuulari, Lauri Nummenmaa, Eveliina Arponen, Kari Kalliokoski, Jussi Hirvonen
Central opioidergic mechanisms may modulate the positive effects of physical exercise such as mood elevation and stress reduction. How exercise intensity and concomitant affective changes affect central opioidergic responses is unknown. We studied the effects of acute physical exercise on the cerebral μ-opioid receptors (MOR) of 22 healthy recreationally active males using positron emission tomography (PET) and the MOR-selective radioligand [(11)C]carfentanil. MOR binding was measured in three conditions on separate days: after a 60-min aerobic moderate-intensity exercise session, after a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) session, and after rest...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718658/the-effect-of-nurse-to-patient-ratios-on-nurse-sensitive-patient-outcomes-in-acute-specialist-units-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Andrea Driscoll, Maria J Grant, Diane Carroll, Sally Dalton, Christi Deaton, Ian Jones, Daniela Lehwaldt, Gabrielle McKee, Theresa Munyombwe, Felicity Astin
BACKGROUND: Nurses are pivotal in the provision of high quality care in acute hospitals. However, the optimal dosing of the number of nurses caring for patients remains elusive. In light of this, an updated review of the evidence on the effect of nurse staffing levels on patient outcomes is required. AIM: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the association between nurse staffing levels and nurse-sensitive patient outcomes in acute specialist units...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718340/characterization-of-sepsis-and-sepsis-associated-encephalopathy
#13
Qing Feng, Yu-Hang Ai, Hua Gong, Long Wu, Mei-Lin Ai, Song-Yun Deng, Li Huang, Qian-Yi Peng, Li-Na Zhang
BACKGROUND: Sepsis and sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) are common intensive care unit (ICU) diseases; the morbidity and mortality are high. The present study analyzed the sensitivity of different diagnostic criteria of sepsis 1.0 and 3.0, epidemiological characteristics of sepsis and SAE, and explored its risk factors for death, short-term, and long-term prognosis. METHODS: The retrospective study included patients in ICU from January 2015 to June 2016. After excluding 58 patients, 175 were assigned to either an SAE or a non-SAE group (patients with sepsis but no encephalopathy)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717852/elevated-s100a8-protein-expression-in-breast-cancer-cells-and-breast-tumor-stroma-is-prognostic-of-poor-disease-outcome
#14
P Miller, K M Kidwell, D Thomas, M Sabel, J M Rae, D F Hayes, B I Hudson, D El-Ashry, M E Lippman
PURPOSE: Elevated S100A8 expression has been observed in cancers of the bladder, esophagus, colon, ovary, and breast. S100A8 is expressed by breast cancer cells as well as by infiltrating immune and myeloid cells. Here we investigate the association of elevated S100A8 protein expression in breast cancer cells and in breast tumor stroma with survival outcomes in a cohort of breast cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Tissue microarrays (TMA) were constructed from breast cancer specimens from 417 patients with stage I-III breast cancer treated at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center between 2004 and 2006...
July 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716381/smoking-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-japan-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Shamima Akter, Atsushi Goto, Tetsuya Mizoue
Cigarette smoking is the leading avoidable cause of disease burden. Observational studies have suggested an association between smoking and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We conducted a meta-analysis of prospective observational studies to investigate the association of smoking status, smoking intensity, and smoking cessation with the risk of T2DM in Japan, where the prevalence of smoking has been decreasing but remains high. We systematically searched MEDLINE and the Ichushi database to December 2015 and identified 22 eligible articles, representing 343,573 subjects and 16,383 patients with T2DM...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715946/sleep-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-young-child-psychiatric-outpatients
#16
Hanna Huhdanpää, Liisa Klenberg, Hannu Westerinen, Tuija Fontell, Eeva T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Sleep may underlie psychiatric symptoms in young children. However, not many studies have reported on sleep and its associations with symptoms in young child psychiatric patients. OBJECTIVES: To assess the amount and quality of sleep and how sleep associates with psychiatric symptoms in young child psychiatric patients. Furthermore, we evaluated how sleep and daytime somnolence differed in patients and their age- and gender-matched controls. METHOD: The sample consisted of 139 3- to 7-year-old child psychiatric outpatients and 139 age- and gender-matched controls from community...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711864/high-intensity-statin-therapy-is-associated-with-improved-survival-in-patients-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#17
Raymond Foley, Gagan D Singh, Damianos G Kokkinidis, Ho-Hin K Choy, Thai Pham, Ezra A Amsterdam, John C Rutledge, Stephen W Waldo, Ehrin J Armstrong, John R Laird
BACKGROUND: The relative benefit of higher statin dosing in patients with peripheral artery disease has not been reported previously. We compared the effectiveness of low- or moderate-intensity (LMI) versus high-intensity (HI) statin dose on clinical outcomes in patients with peripheral artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease who underwent peripheral angiography and/or endovascular intervention from 2006 to 2013 who were not taking other lipid-lowering medications...
July 15, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711517/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Safa Anwar, Nigar Shikalgar
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is recognized as one of the most common endocrinopathies in women of reproductive age, associated with metabolic sequelae which includes increased risk factors for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The adverse effects of DM2 affects a woman throughout her lifespan. Health care expenditure of DM2 highlights the need for prevention through appropriate screening, diagnosis and intervention. Lifestyle modification (LSM) programs that include diet and/or physical activity are suggested for patients characterized as prediabetic to delay the onset of adult DM2...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711430/implementation-of-a-national-bundle-care-program-to-reduce-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-high-risk-units-of-hospitals-in-taiwan
#19
Chih-Cheng Lai, Chun-Ming Lee, Hsiu-Tzy Chiang, Ching-Tzu Hung, Ying-Chun Chen, Li-Hsiang Su, Zhi-Yuan Shi, Jein-Wei Liu, Chang-Pan Liu, Min-Chi Lu, Yin-Ching Chuang, Wen-Chien Ko, Shu-Hui Tseng, Yen-Hsu Chen, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study was intended to investigate the impact of implementation of catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI) bundle care on the incidence of CA-UTI in high-risk units. METHODS: Thirteen high-risk units, including medical (n = 5), surgical (n = 3), cardiac intensive care units (n = 2), respiratory care centers (n = 2), and respiratory care ward (n = 1) were included in this quality-improvement project. This study was divided into pre-intervention phase (from January 1 to July 31) and post-intervention phase (from August 1 to October 31) in 2013...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711314/independent-predictors-of-the-duration-and-overall-burden-of-postoperative-delirium-after-cardiac-surgery-in-adults-an-observational-cohort-study
#20
Christian Cereghetti, Martin Siegemund, Sabine Schaedelin, Jens Fassl, Manfred D Seeberger, Friedrich S Eckstein, Luzius A Steiner, Nicolai Goettel
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common complication after cardiac surgery and is associated with increased patient morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for long duration and overall burden of POD after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: One-year, single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study. SETTING: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass in 2013...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
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