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Tramatic brain injury

Yamaan Saadeh, Kartik Gohil, Charles Bill, Curtis Smith, Chet Morrison, Benjamin Mosher, Paul Schneider, Penny Stevens, John P Kepros
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) continues to be an important complication for patients with trauma, including patients with intracranial hemorrhage. We implemented a protocol starting chemical prophylaxis 24 hours after the absence of progression of hemorrhage on computed tomography (CT) to increase consistency with the use of chemical venous thromboembolic prophylaxis in this population. The objective of this study was to review the protocol of VTE prophylaxis for patients with traumatic brain injury at our institution to determine whether it has been effective and safe in preventing VTE without increasing intracranial hemorrhage...
August 2012: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Sherrilene Classen, Charles Levy, Dustin L Meyer, Megan Bewernitz, Desiree N Lanford, William C Mann
OBJECTIVE: We determined differences in driving errors between combat veterans with mild traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder and healthy control participants. METHOD: We compared 18 postdeployed combat veterans with 20 control participants on drivingerrors in a driving simulator. RESULTS: Combat veterans were more likely to be male; were younger; and had more racial diversity, less formal education, and lower cognitive scores than control participants...
July 2011: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Li Liu, Hui Liu, Junfeng Jiao, Junfeng Jao, Huiquan Liu, Angela Bergeron, Jing-Fei Dong, Jianning Zhang
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are mobilized from the bone marrow to blood circulation in response to tramatic or inflammatory stimulations. Once released, they actively seek and home to the sites of vascular injury to promote vascular repair. We monitored changes of EPC counts in peripheral blood of 29 patients with traumatic brain injury for up to 21 days. We showed that the levels of circulating EPCs within the first 48 h of injury were lower than control subjects, but increased over time-reaching plateau around 7 days post-injury at a level that was significantly higher than controls...
June 2007: Journal of Neurotrauma
T Tsubokawa, A Kotani, T Sugawara, N Moriyasu
Thirty five cases of traumatic aneurysm of the cortical cerebral artery were reviewed in the literatures cited in the references. Five cases of them healed spontaneously without operative treatment (disappearing type), the other cases underwent direct operation of aneurysm, in spite of high operative moltality or mobility (deteriorating type). Recently four cases of traumatic aneurysm of the cortical cerebral artery were treated in our clinic. Three cases which had the aneurysm in the pericallosal artery (1 case) and middle cerebral artery (2 cases) respectively underwent radical operation for treatment as progressively deteriorating type and fourth case which had the aneurysm in the peripheral part of the frontopolar artery was treated by medication as the spontaneously disappearing type until the aneurysm disappeared on the angiogram...
August 1975: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
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