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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227978/modulation-of-motor-cortex-excitability-by-peripheral-magnetic-stimulation-of-different-stimulus-sites-and-frequencies
#1
A Sato, X Liu, T Torii, M Iwahashi, K Iramina, A Sato, X Liu, T Torii, M Iwahashi, K Iramina, M Iwahashi, X Liu, A Sato, K Iramina, T Torii
Peripheral stimulation is known to influence the state of cortical excitability. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether peripheral magnetic stimulation has similar effects on cortical excitability to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). A magnetic stimulator with a flat figure-of-eight coil was used for both TMS, and peripheral magnetic stimulation applied to the bilateral forearms. TMS was performed on the left primary motor cortex to evaluate influence of the peripheral magnetic stimulation, and motor evoked potential (MEP) was measured from the right first dorsal interosseous...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227909/neuromorphic-circuit-modeling-directional-selectivity-in-the-visual-cortex
#2
Saeid Barzegarjalali, Alice C Parker, Saeid Barzegarjalali, Alice C Parker, Alice C Parker, Saeid Barzegarjalali
We have designed a neuromorphic circuit that models directional selectivity in the visual cortex, where selected neurons fire depending on the direction of object motion, along with the size and orientation of the object. The neuromorphic circuit is biomimetic. It consists of neurons and synapses, and models biological mechanisms. Neurons (including the Axon Hillock and the Dendritic Arbor) are designed with CMOS technology and synapses (both excitatory and inhibitory) are designed with Carbon Nanotube Transistors...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227859/application-of-meg-coherence-in-lateralization-of-mtle
#3
Mohammad R Nazem-Zadeh, Susan M Bowyer, John E Moran, Esmaeil Davoodi-Bojd, Andrew Zillgitt, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian, Fariborz Mahmoudi, Kost V Elisevich, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Mohammad R Nazem-Zadeh, Susan M Bowyer, John E Moran, Esmaeil Davoodi-Bojd, Andrew Zillgitt, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian, Fariborz Mahmoudi, Kost V Elisevich, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Susan M Bowyer, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian, Esmaeil Davoodi-Bojd, Andrew Zillgitt, Fariborz Mahmoudi, John E Moran, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Kost V Elisevich, Mohammad R Nazem-Zadeh
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a noninvasive imaging method for localization of focal epileptiform activity in patients with epilepsy. This study investigates the cerebral functional abnormalities quantified by MEG coherence laterality in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). Resting state MEG data was analyzed using MEG coherence source imaging (MEG-CSI) method to determine the coherence in 54 anatomical sites in 12 adult mTLE patients and 12 age- and gender-matched controls. MEG coherence laterality, after Bonferroni adjustment, showed significant differences for right versus left mTLE in insular cortex and both lateral orbitofrontal and superior temporal gyri (p<;0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227847/a-compact-representation-for-the-auditory-full-range-response-and-its-fast-denoising-using-an-image-filter-based-on-the-radon-transform
#4
Manuel C Kohl, Daniel J Strauss, Manuel C Kohl, Daniel J Strauss, Daniel J Strauss, Manuel C Kohl
The Auditory Brainstem, Middle-Latency and Late Responses, a class of event-related potentials (ERPs), are of considerable interest in neuroscience research as robust neural correlates of different processing stages along the auditory pathway. While most research to date centers around one of the responses at a time for practical reasons, recent efforts indicate a paradigm shift towards acquiring them together, enabling the simultaneous monitoring of all auditory processing stages from the brainstem to the cortex...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227810/noninvasive-eeg-correlates-of-overground-and-stair-walking
#5
Justin A Brantley, Trieu Phat Luu, Recep Ozdemir, Fangshi Zhu, Anna T Winslow, Helen Huang, Jose L Contreras-Vidal, Justin A Brantley, Trieu Phat Luu, Recep Ozdemir, Fangshi Zhu, Anna T Winslow, Helen Huang, Jose L Contreras-Vidal, Fangshi Zhu, Recep Ozdemir, Justin A Brantley, Helen Huang, Anna T Winslow, Jose L Contreras-Vidal, Trieu Phat Luu
Automated walking intention detection remains a challenge in lower-limb neuroprosthetic systems. Here, we assess the feasibility of extracting motor intent from scalp electroencephalography (EEG). First, we evaluated the corticomuscular coherence between central EEG electrodes (C1, Cz, C2) and muscles of the shank and thigh during walking on level ground and stairs. Second, we trained decoders to predict the linear envelope of the surface electromyogram (EMG). We observed significant EEG-led corticomuscular coupling between electrodes and sEMG (tibialis anterior) in the high delta (3-4 Hz) and low theta (4-5 Hz) frequency bands during level walking, indicating efferent signaling from the cortex to peripheral motor neurons...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227807/ecog-data-analyses-to-inform-closed-loop-bci-experiments-for-speech-based-prosthetic-applications
#6
Tejaswy Pailla, Werner Jiang, Benjamin Dichter, Edward F Chang, Vikash Gilja, Tejaswy Pailla, Werner Jiang, Benjamin Dichter, Edward F Chang, Vikash Gilja, Vikash Gilja, Werner Jiang, Tejaswy Pailla, Benjamin Dichter, Edward F Chang
Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs) assist individuals with motor disabilities by enabling them to control prosthetic devices with their neural activity. Performance of closed-loop BCI systems can be improved by using design strategies that leverage structured and task-relevant neural activity. We use data from high density electrocorticography (ECoG) grids implanted in three subjects to study sensory-motor activity during an instructed speech task in which the subjects vocalized three cardinal vowel phonemes...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227769/identifying-the-effects-of-visceral-interoception-on-human-brain-connectome-a-multivariate-analysis-of-covariance-of-fmri-data
#7
Behnaz Jarrahi, Dante Mantini, Behnaz Jarrahi, Dante Mantini, Behnaz Jarrahi, Dante Mantini
Sources of variations in the neural circuitry of the human brain and interrelationship between intrinsic connectivity networks (ICNs) are still a matter of debate and ongoing research. Here, we applied a multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) based on high-dimensional independent component analysis (ICA) to identify the effects of interoception and related variables on human brain connectome. Fifteen healthy right-handed subjects (all females, age range 21 - 48 years; mean age = 30.3, SD = 8.7 years) underwent a blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) that included continuous intravesical saline infusion and drainage...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227768/measures-of-the-brain-functional-network-that-correlate-with-alzheimer-s-neuropsychological-test-scores-an-fmri-and-graph-analysis-study
#8
Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Soroosh Golbabaei, Amin Dadashi, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh
Neural degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) leads to structural topology deformation that in turn changes brain functionality. The main aim of the present study is to find the brain's functional connectivity network (FCN) correlates of Alzheimer's psychological test scores. To this end, the brain's FCN is extracted from the resting state functional magnetic resonance images (rs-fMRI) of healthy controls and patients with AD and represented as a graph. Then, network measures are calculated from the graphs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227767/regional-brain-activity-that-determines-successful-and-unsuccessful-working-memory-formation
#9
Shohei Teramoto, Tsubasa Inaoka, Yumie Ono, Shohei Teramoto, Tsubasa Inaoka, Yumie Ono, Shohei Teramoto, Tsubasa Inaoka, Yumie Ono
Using EEG source reconstruction with Multiple Sparse Priors (MSP), we investigated the regional brain activity that determines successful memory encoding in two participant groups of high and low accuracy rates. Eighteen healthy young adults performed a sequential fashion of visual Sternberg memory task. The 32-channel EEG was continuously measured during participants performed two 70 trials of memory task. The regional brain activity corresponding to the oscillatory EEG activity in the alpha band (8-13 Hz) during encoding period was analyzed by MSP implemented in SPM8...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227763/network-effects-and-pathways-in-deep-brain-stimulation-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
N Koirala, V Fleischer, O Granert, G Deuschl, M Muthuraman, S Groppa, N Koirala, V Fleischer, O Granert, G Deuschl, M Muthuraman, S Groppa
Deep brain stimulation of subthalamic nucleus (STN-DBS) became a standard therapeutic option in Parkinson's disease (PD), even though the underlying modulated network of STN-DBS is still poorly described. Probabilistic tractography and connectivity analysis as derived from diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) were performed together with modelling of implanted electrode positions and linked postoperative clinical outcome. Fifteen patients with idiopathic PD without dementia were selected for DBS treatment. After pre-processing, probabilistic tractography was run from cortical and subcortical seeds of the hypothesized network to targets represented by the positions of the active DBS contacts...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227761/application-of-dti-connectivity-in-lateralization-of-mtle
#11
Mohammad R Nazem-Zadeh, Susan M Bowyer, John E Moran, Esmaeil Davoodi-Bojd, Andrew Zillgitt, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian, Fariborz Mahmoudi, Kost V Elisevich, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Mohammad R Nazem-Zadeh, Susan M Bowyer, John E Moran, Esmaeil Davoodi-Bojd, Andrew Zillgitt, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian, Fariborz Mahmoudi, Kost V Elisevich, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Susan M Bowyer, Hassan Bagher-Ebadian, Esmaeil Davoodi-Bojd, Andrew Zillgitt, Fariborz Mahmoudi, John E Moran, Hamid Soltanian-Zadeh, Kost V Elisevich, Mohammad R Nazem-Zadeh
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a noninvasive imaging method for measuring the diffusion properties of the underlying white matter tracts through which epileptiform activity is propagated. This study investigates the structural abnormalities quantified by DTI in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). Fiber tracts passing through 54 anatomical sites in 12 adult mTLE patients and 12 age- and gender-matched controls were identified using DTI tractography. DTI nodal degree (ND) and laterality index were then calculated...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227760/cross-frequency-coupling-during-auditory-perception-in-human-cortex
#12
Urszula Malinowska, Dana Boatman-Reich, Urszula Malinowska, Dana Boatman-Reich, Urszula Malinowska, Dana Boatman-Reich
Cross-frequency coupling plays an important role in coordinating neuronal computations underlying human perception, learning and memory. Here we compared four methods for measuring phase/amplitude coupling (PAC) of theta (4-7 Hz) and high-gamma (70-150 Hz) in intracranial electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings. Time-frequency spectral and time-domain evoked responses were derived for comparison. All four methods showed significant increases in theta/high-gamma PAC in auditory cortex at sites where significant event-related increases in high-gamma power were also observed...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227754/brain-heart-linear-and-nonlinear-dynamics-during-visual-emotional-elicitation-in-healthy-subjects
#13
G Valenza, A Greco, C Gentili, A Lanata, N Toschi, R Barbieri, L Sebastiani, D Menicucci, A Gemignani, E P Scilingo, G Valenza, A Greco, C Gentili, A Lanata, N Toschi, R Barbieri, L Sebastiani, D Menicucci, A Gemignani, E P Scilingo, A Lanata, A Gemignani, E P Scilingo, A Greco, D Menicucci, L Sebastiani, C Gentili, N Toschi, R Barbieri, G Valenza
This study investigates brain-heart dynamics during visual emotional elicitation in healthy subjects through linear and nonlinear coupling measures of EEG spectrogram and instantaneous heart rate estimates. To this extent, affective pictures including different combinations of arousal and valence levels, gathered from the International Affective Picture System, were administered to twenty-two healthy subjects. Time-varying maps of cortical activation were obtained through EEG spectral analysis, whereas the associated instantaneous heartbeat dynamics was estimated using inhomogeneous point-process linear models...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227739/cortical-responses-following-simultaneous-and-sequential-retinal-neurostimulation-with-different-return-configurations
#14
Alejandro Barriga-Rivera, John W Morley, Nigel H Lovell, Gregg J Suaning, Alejandro Barriga-Rivera, John W Morley, Nigel H Lovell, Gregg J Suaning, Alejandro Barriga-Rivera, Gregg J Suaning, John W Morley, Nigel H Lovell
Researchers continue to develop visual prostheses towards safer and more efficacious systems. However limitations still exist in the number of stimulating channels that can be integrated. Therefore there is a need for spatial and time multiplexing techniques to provide improved performance of the current technology. In particular, bright and high-contrast visual scenes may require simultaneous activation of several electrodes. In this research, a 24-electrode array was suprachoroidally implanted in three normally-sighted cats...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227696/oscillatory-brain-activity-changes-by-anodal-tdcs-an-ecog-study-on-anesthetized-beagles
#15
Sehyeon Jang, Donghyeon Kim, Junkil Been, Hohyun Cho, Sung Chan Jun, Sehyeon Jang, Donghyeon Kim, Junkil Been, Hohyun Cho, Sung Chan Jun, Donghyeon Kim, Junkil Been, Sung Chan Jun, Hohyun Cho, Sehyeon Jang
Measuring neuronal activity of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is essential for investigating tDCS in stimuli or after stimuli effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the oscillatory changes from anodal tDCS using electrocorticography (ECoG) on beagles. We applied 2 mA anodal tDCS and monitored the ECoG signals (32 channels, 512 Hz sampling rate) for 15 minutes in three anesthetized beagles. Then, we compared the power changes before, during, and after tDCS in six different bands (delta, theta, alpha, beta, low-gamma, and mid-gamma bands)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227668/mental-stress-grading-based-on-fnirs-signals
#16
Fares Al-Shargie, Tong Boon Tang, Masashi Kiguchi, Fares Al-Shargie, Tong Boon Tang, Masashi Kiguchi, Masashi Kiguchi, Tong Boon Tang, Fares Al-Shargie
In this study, we propose functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to objectively grade different levels of mental stress. The levels of stress were set based on the difficulty of arithmetic task, time pressure and negative feedback about peer performance. We examined the proposed approach on twelve human subjects using the Montreal Imaging Stress Task. The experiment results revealed a reduction in cortical activation at prefrontal cortex when stressed, and the differences in hemodynamic response between control condition and under stress were significant for arithmetic difficulty level one, two and three, respectively, (p = 0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227563/a-study-on-the-effect-of-multisensory-stimulation-in-behaving-rats
#17
Marianna Semprini, Fabio Boi, Valter Tucci, Alessandro Vato, Marianna Semprini, Fabio Boi, Valter Tucci, Alessandro Vato, Fabio Boi, Valter Tucci, Marianna Semprini, Alessandro Vato
This study explored the psychophysical effects of intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) coupled to auditory stimulation during a behavioral detection task in rats. ICMS directed to the sensory areas of the cortex can be instrumental in facilitating operant conditioning behavior. Moreover, multisensory stimulation promotes learning by enabling the subject to access multiple information channels. However, the extent to which multisensory information can be used as a cue to make decisions has not been fully understood...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227555/eeg-patterns-of-subacute-stroke-patients-performing-motor-tasks-correlate-with-motor-functional-outcome-preliminary-results
#18
Wanjoo Park, Yun-Hee Kim, Sung-Phil Kim, Laehyun Kim, Wanjoo Park, Yun-Hee Kim, Sung-Phil Kim, Laehyun Kim, Yun-Hee Kim, Sung-Phil Kim, Wanjoo Park, Laehyun Kim
If an early predictor of motor functional outcome after stroke were available, stroke patients would receive more appropriate treatments for motor recovery. We performed a correlation analysis of the electroencephalography (EEG) signal patterns of nine subacute stroke patients (recorded 22.9 ± 7.1 days after onset) and their motor recovery rates (measured 100.2 ± 8.9 days after onset). The beta band spectral power in the bilateral motor cortex after physical upper limb movement correlated significantly with the motor recovery rates [Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) scores; Pearson's linear correlation, p <; 0...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227554/cortical-excitability-effects-of-stimulation-intensity-change-speed-during-nmes
#19
Shenglong Jiang, Zhongpeng Wang, Weibo Yi, Feng He, Shuang Liu, Hongzhi Qi, Dong Ming, Shenglong Jiang, Zhongpeng Wang, Weibo Yi, Feng He, Shuang Liu, Hongzhi Qi, Dong Ming, Shuang Liu, Shenglong Jiang, Zhonapeng Wang, Dong Ming, Feng He, Qi Hongzhi, Weibo Yi
Rehabilitation method of motor dysfunction is a challenging issue of neural rehabilitation. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been frequently used in rehabilitation therapy to improve neural recovery such as stroke and spinal cord injury. Stimulus, acting on sensorimotor neural system components, resulted in the increased cortical excitability which accompanied with motor performance improvement. Stimulus information conveyed by sensory system included below four elementary attributes: modality, location, intensity, and timing...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227545/corticomuscular-coherence-variation-throughout-the-gait-cycle-during-overground-walking-and-ramp-ascent-a-preliminary-investigation
#20
Anna T Winslow, Justin Brantley, Fangshi Zhu, Jose L Contreras Vidal, He Huang, Anna T Winslow, Justin Brantley, Fangshi Zhu, Jose L Contreras Vidal, He Huang, Fangshi Zhu, Justin Brantley, Jose L Contreras Vidal, He Huang, Anna T Winslow
Recent designs of neural-machine interfaces (NMIs) incorporating electroencephalography (EEG) or electromyography (EMG) have been used in lower limb assistive devices. While the results of previous studies have shown promise, a NMI which takes advantage of early movement-related EEG activity preceding movement onset, as well as the improved signal-to-noise ratio of EMG, could prove to be more accurate and responsive than current NMI designs based solely on EEG or EMG. Previous studies have demonstrated that the activity of the sensorimotor cortex is coupled to the firing rate of motor units in lower limb muscles during voluntary contraction...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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