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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330700/the-effect-of-kinesio-taping-on-back-pain-in-patients-with-lenke-type-1-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Yunus Atici, Canan Gonen Aydin, Aysegul Atici, Mehmet Ozbey Buyukkuscu, Yavuz Arikan, Mehmet Bulent Balioglu
PURPOSE: This study investigated the short-term effects of KT on back pain (BP) in patients with Lenke Type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: We chosen Lenke Type 1 scoliosis who have had only back pain (the localization of the pain: the only in the apical convex edge). Forty patients suffering from BP with Lenke Type 1 AIS were randomly separated into two groups, Group 1 (20 patients) and Group 2 (20 patients). Group 1 was given KT with tension and home exercises and Group 2 was given KT without tension and home exercises...
March 19, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323715/the-safety-and-strength-of-a-novel-medial-partial-nonthreaded-pedicle-screw-a-cadaveric-and-biomechanical-investigation
#2
Mun Keong Kwan, Chris Yin Wei Chan, Lim Beng Saw, Shanmugam Rukmanikanthan, Lawrence G Lenke
STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric and biomechanical study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and pullout strength of medial, partial nonthreaded thoracic pedicle screws compared with conventional screws. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The perforation rate of the pedicle screws has been reported as high as 41%. Nerve injury and irritation can result from the compression of malpositioned screw on neural structures. METHODS: Ten fresh cadavers were studied...
April 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317507/effects-of-a-hybrid-online-and-in-person-training-program-designed-to-reduce-alcohol-sales-to-obviously-intoxicated-patrons
#3
Traci L Toomey, Kathleen M Lenk, Darin J Erickson, Keith J Horvath, Alexandra M Ecklund, Dawn M Nederhoff, Shanda L Hunt, Toben F Nelson
OBJECTIVE: Overservice of alcohol (i.e., selling alcohol to intoxicated patrons) continues to be a problem at bars and restaurants, contributing to serious consequences such as traffic crashes and violence. We developed a training program for managers of bars and restaurants, eARM™, focusing on preventing overservice of alcohol. The program included online and face-to-face components to help create and implement establishment-specific policies. METHOD: We conducted a large, randomized controlled trial in bars and restaurants in one metropolitan area in the midwestern United States to evaluate effects of the eARM program on the likelihood of selling alcohol to obviously intoxicated patrons...
March 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282697/-initial-clinical-experiences-using-ocriplasmin-for-the-treatment-of-vitreomacular-traction-with-or-without-a-macular-hole
#4
J Lenk, E Matthé, S Ventzke, L E Pillunat, D Sandner
Purpose In vitreomacular traction (VMT), there is abnormal adhesion between the vitreous cortex and the retina, especially in the fovea. Symptoms of VMT include metamorphopsia and a decrease in visual acuity. Since 2013, ocriplasmin (Jetrea®) has been approved for treatment of symptomatic vitreomacular traction with or without macular holes (≤ 400 µm). Methods We retrospectively examined twenty-three eyes of twenty-one patients who underwent intravitreal ocriplasmin treatment for symptomatic vitreomacular traction with or without macular holes...
March 10, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277384/key-vertebral-pedicle-screw-strategy-for-the-correction-of-flexible-lenke-type-1-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-preliminary-study-of-a-5-year-minimum-radiographic-follow-up
#5
Fei Wang, Xiao-Yi Zhou, Yi-Lin Yang, Xi-Ming Xu, Jing-Feng Li, Yu-Shu Bai, Xiao-Dong Zhu, Ming Li, Xian-Zhao Wei
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical and radiographic study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes of the key vertebral pedicle screw strategy (KVPSS) for the correction of flexible Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The KVPSS has been described as an alternative screw placement strategy for surgically treating the main thoracic curve in AIS patients. However, there have been no long-term, three-dimensional correction studies of selective thoracic fusion using the KVPSS in Lenke type 1AIS...
March 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276642/role-of-clavicle-chest-cage-angle-difference-in-predicting-postoperative-shoulder-balance-in-lenke-5c-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-after-selective-posterior-fusion
#6
Zhen Liu, Zong-Shan Hu, Yong Qiu, Zhen Zhang, Zhi-Hui Zhao, Xiao Han, Ze-Zhang Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of preoperative clavicle chest cage angle difference (CCAD) on postoperative radiographic shoulder imbalance, patient's satisfaction and surgeon's fulfillment in Lenke 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). CCAD, as a novel radiographic parameter, has proven to be a reliable predictor for postoperative shoulder imbalance in Lenke 1 AIS patients. However, the value of CCAD in predicting shoulder balance has never been evaluated in Lenke 5 AIS patients...
March 9, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269649/understanding-the-role-of-astrocytic-gaba-in-simulated-neural-networks
#7
Kerstin Lenk, Eero Raisanen, Jari A K Hyttinen
Astrocytes actively influence the behavior of the surrounding neuronal network including changes of the synaptic plasticity and neuronal excitability. These dynamics are altered in diseases like Alzheimer's, where the release of the gliotransmitter GABA is increased by affected, so called reactive astrocytes. In this paper, we aim to simulate a neural network with altered astrocytic GABA release. Therefore, we use our developed neuron-astrocyte model, called INEXA, which includes astrocyte controlled tripartite synapses and the astrocyte-astrocyte interaction...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259266/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-after-complex-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-a-scoli-risk-1-secondary-analysis
#8
Leah Y Carreon, Steven D Glassman, Christopher I Shaffrey, Michael G Fehlings, Benny Dahl, Christopher P Ames, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Yong Qiu, Hossein Mehdian, Kenneth M C Cheung, Frank J Schwab, Ferran Pellisé, Khaled M Kebaish, Lawrence G Lenke
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort. OBJECTIVES: To identify variables that predict 2-year Short Form-36 Physical Composite Summary Score (SF-36PCS) and the Scoliosis Research Society-22R (SRS22-R) Total score after surgery for complex adult spinal deformity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Increasingly, treatment effectiveness is assessed by the extent to which the procedure improves a patient's health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This is especially true in patients with complex adult spinal deformity...
March 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239974/simultaneous-monitoring-of-monoamines-amino-acids-nucleotides-and-neuropeptides-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-its-application-to-neurosecretion-in-bovine-chromaffin-cells
#9
Aneta Wojnicz, José Avendaño-Ortiz, Ricardo de Pascual, Lucía Ruiz-Pascual, Antonio G García, Ana Ruiz-Nuño
The primary functions of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells are the synthesis and storage in their chromaffin vesicles of the catecholamines noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (AD), and their subsequent release into the bloodstream by Ca(2+) -dependent exocytosis under conditions of fear or stress (fight or flight response). Several monoamines, nucleotides and opiates, such as leucine-enkephalin (LENK) and methionine-enkephalin (MENK), are also co-stored and co-released with the catecholamines. However, other neurotransmitters have not been studied in depth...
August 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227907/understanding-the-role-of-astrocytic-gaba-in-simulated-neural-networks
#10
Kerstin Lenk, Eero Raisanen, Jari A K Hyttinen, Kerstin Lenk, Eero Raisanen, Jari A K Hyttinen, Kerstin Lenk, Jari Ak Hyttinen, Eero Raisanen
Astrocytes actively influence the behavior of the surrounding neuronal network including changes of the synaptic plasticity and neuronal excitability. These dynamics are altered in diseases like Alzheimer's, where the release of the gliotransmitter GABA is increased by affected, so called reactive astrocytes. In this paper, we aim to simulate a neural network with altered astrocytic GABA release. Therefore, we use our developed neuron-astrocyte model, called INEXA, which includes astrocyte controlled tripartite synapses and the astrocyte-astrocyte interaction...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207660/predictors-of-distal-adding-on-in-thoracic-major-curves-with-ar-lumbar-modifiers
#11
Joshua S Murphy, Vidyadhar V Upasani, Burt Yaszay, Tracey P Bastrom, Carrie E Bartley, Amer Samdani, Lawrence G Lenke, Peter O Newton
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the last substantially touched vertebra (LSTV) is a valid lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) for both Lenke 1 and 2 curve patterns with AR lumbar modifiers, and to identify preoperative risk factors of distal adding-on. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies have recommended selecting the LSTV as the LIV for Lenke 1AR curves (main thoracic curve with A lumbar modifier and L4 tilt to the right (thoracic overhang/King type IV curve)...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202300/multiple-concave-rib-head-resection-improved-correction-rate-of-posterior-spine-fusion-in-treatment-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#12
Takashi Namikawa, Hiroshi Taneichi, Satoshi Inami, Hiroshi Moridaira, Daisaku Takeuchi, Yo Shiba, Yutaka Nohara
BACKGROUND: Hybrid constructs have been widely used to surgically correct thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). To enhance the correction obtained with hybrid constructs, we perform concave rib head resection and convex costovertebral release as posterior release procedures. The objective of the study was to evaluate coronal and sagittal curve correction in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with hybrid constructs combined with concave rib head resection and convex transverse process resection as posterior release procedures...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186473/minimally-invasive-scoliosis-surgery-assisted-by-o-arm-navigation-for-lenke-type-5c-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-comparison-with-standard-open-approach-spinal-instrumentation
#13
Weiguo Zhu, Weixiang Sun, Leilei Xu, Xu Sun, Zhen Liu, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
OBJECTIVE Recently, minimally invasive scoliosis surgery (MISS) was introduced for the correction of adult scoliosis. Multiple benefits including a good deformity correction rate and fewer complications have been demonstrated. However, few studies have reported on the use of MISS for the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcome of posterior MISS assisted by O-arm navigation for the correction of Lenke Type 5C AIS. METHODS The authors searched a database for all patients with AIS who had been treated with either MISS or PSF between November 2012 and January 2014...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183004/an-integrative-framework-for-3d-cobb-angle-measurement-on-ct-images
#14
Xing Huo, Jie Qing Tan, Jun Qian, Li Cheng, Jue Hua Jing, Kun Shao, Bing Nan Li
OBJECTIVE: Measuring the Cobb angle on computed tomography (CT) images remains a challenging but requisite task for clinical diagnoses of scoliosis. Traditionally, clinical practitioners resort to manual demarcation, but this approach is inefficient and subjective. Most of the existing computerized algorithms are two-dimensional (2D) and incapable of multi-angle calibration. METHODS: A novel integrative framework based on curvature features and geometric constraints is proposed to measure three-dimensional (3D)Cobb angles on CT images...
March 1, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169958/cardiorespiratory-function-does-not-improve-two-years-after-posterior-surgical-correction-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#15
Alejandro Lorente, Carlos Barrios, Jesús Burgos, Eduardo Hevia, Luis Fernández-Pineda, Rafael Lorente, Bárbara Rosa, Cristina Pérez-Encinas
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective evaluation of cardiorespiratory function following spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cardiopulmonary function during exercise in patients with severe AIS, before and two years after undergoing a posterior spinal fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: After surgical correction of scoliosis, a greater cardiorespiratory adaptation to exercise would be expected from correction of the rib cage associated with the spine deformity...
February 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169957/comparison-of-surgical-outcome-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-and-young-adult-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-match-pair-analysis-of-160-patients
#16
Feng Zhu, Hongda Bao, Peng Yan, Shunan Liu, Zezhang Zhu, Zhen Liu, Mike Bao, Yong Qiu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study OBJECTIVE.: To investigate if the surgical outcome of young adults was equivalent to adolescents for surgical correction of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite numerous reports on the satisfactory surgical correction, some AIS patients or families still have the assumption that delay of surgery into young adulthood may be more beneficial. Hence, the strict paired analysis of clinical outcome between AIS and adult idiopathic scoliosis (AdIS) is required, which lacks report in the current literatures...
February 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143455/the-association-of-lumbar-curve-magnitude-and-spinal-range-of-motion-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Kamil Eyvazov, Dino Samartzis, Jason Pui Yin Cheung
BACKGROUND: Spinal deformities affect the overall alignment of the spine and thus the vectors of loading on the lumbar region and intervertebral discs. Due to wedging of the disc or vertebrae of unbalanced spinal segments, alignment change may affect the range of motion (ROM) of individual spinal segments or the global spine. This is particularly important in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients who may suffer from early degeneration, back stiffness and pain. Hence, this study aimed to determine the correlation between spine range of motion (ROM) and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) curve magnitude...
January 31, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103243/the-socioeconomic-benefit-to-individuals-of-achieving-the-2020-targets-for-five-preventive-chemotherapy-neglected-tropical-diseases
#18
William K Redekop, Edeltraud J Lenk, Marianne Luyendijk, Christopher Fitzpatrick, Louis Niessen, Wilma A Stolk, Fabrizio Tediosi, Adriana J Rijnsburger, Roel Bakker, Jan A C Hontelez, Jan H Richardus, Julie Jacobson, Sake J de Vlas, Johan L Severens
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF), onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminths (STH) and trachoma represent the five most prevalent neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). They can be controlled or eliminated by means of safe and cost-effective interventions delivered through programs of Mass Drug Administration (MDA)-also named Preventive Chemotherapy (PCT). The WHO defined targets for NTD control/elimination by 2020, reinforced by the 2012 London Declaration, which, if achieved, would result in dramatic health gains...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094795/impacts-of-chemical-gradients-on-microbial-community-structure
#19
Jianwei Chen, Anna Hanke, Halina E Tegetmeyer, Ines Kattelmann, Ritin Sharma, Emmo Hamann, Theresa Hargesheimer, Beate Kraft, Sabine Lenk, Jeanine S Geelhoed, Robert L Hettich, Marc Strous
Succession of redox processes is sometimes assumed to define a basic microbial community structure for ecosystems with oxygen gradients. In this paradigm, aerobic respiration, denitrification, fermentation and sulfate reduction proceed in a thermodynamically determined order, known as the 'redox tower'. Here, we investigated whether redox sorting of microbial processes explains microbial community structure at low-oxygen concentrations. We subjected a diverse microbial community sampled from a coastal marine sediment to 100 days of tidal cycling in a laboratory chemostat...
April 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073838/gender-specific-relation-between-olfactory-sensitivity-and-disgust-perception
#20
Ilona Croy, Johanna Bendas, Nadja Wittrodt, Maria Lenk, Peter Joraschky, Kerstin Weidner
The perception of disgust is a powerful but yet puzzling emotion, aiming at the prevention of potential microbial pathogens and being directly linked to olfactory processing in its neurophysiological pathways via the anterior insular cortex. In sample of healthy participants with a natural variation in olfactory function, we investigated the relation between olfactory sensitivity and disgust perception. A total of 123 healthy individuals were surveyed with a disgust sensitivity questionnaire. Olfactory threshold was assessed in all participants using the Sniffin' Sticks...
January 10, 2017: Chemical Senses
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