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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779002/developing-a-testing-battery-for-measuring-dogs-stifle-functionality-the-finnish-canine-stifle-index-fcsi
#1
Heli K Hyytiäinen, Sari H Mölsä, Jouni J T Junnila, Outi M Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Anna K Hielm-Björkman
This study aimed at developing a quantitative testing battery for dogs' stifle functionality, as, unlike in human medicine, currently none is available in the veterinary field. Forty-three dogs with surgically treated unilateral cranial cruciate ligament rupture and 21 dogs with no known musculoskeletal problems were included. Eight previously studied tests: compensation in sitting and lying positions, symmetry of thrust in hindlimbs when rising from lying and sitting, static weight bearing, stifle flexion and extension and muscle mass symmetry, were summed into the Finnish Canine Stifle Index (FCSI)...
May 19, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778751/cortical-erosion-after-elastic-stable-intramedullary-nail-fixation-for-pediatric-long-bone-fractures-case-series-according-to-the-site
#2
Kun-Bo Park, Je-Hyun Yoo, Seok-Woo Kim, Yoon Hae Kwak
BACKGROUND: Elastic stable intramedullary nail (ESIN) is widely used for treatment of long bone fractures in children. However, migration of the nail or cortical bone erosion in children has been reported. This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of cortical erosion according to the site and cortical erosion type. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 221 normally developing children (223 fractures) who were treated with ESIN for fractures of the long bones without cortical breakage at immediate postoperative radiography and with the ESIN in position for more than 6 months were included...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778600/microendoscopy-assisted-minimally-invasive-versus-open-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-lumbar-degenerative-diseases-five-year-outcomes
#3
Yang Yang, Zhong-Yu Liu, Liang-Ming Zhang, Mao Pang, Kishor Chhantyal, Wen-Bin Wu, Zi-Hao Chen, Chun-Xiao Luo, Li-Min Rong, Bin Liu, Yang Yang, Zhong-Yu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate five-year outcomes between microendoscopy-assisted minimally invasive (MIS) and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). METHODS: Sixty single-level MIS and open surgeries were performed (30 patients in either group). Perioperative parameters, including operative duration, intraoperative estimated blood loss (EBL) and fluoroscopy time, postoperative analgesic usage and ambulatory time, as well as complications, were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS, back and leg), Japanese Orthopaedics Association score (JOA) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were obtained...
May 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777340/2017-update-of-the-turkish-league-against-rheumatism-tlar-evidence-based-recommendations-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
REVIEW
Tiraje Tuncer, Fatih Hasan Cay, Lale Altan, Gulcan Gurer, Cahit Kacar, Suheda Ozcakir, Sahap Atik, Figen Ayhan, Berrin Durmaz, Nurten Eskiyurt, Hakan Genc, Yesim GokceKutsal, Rezzan Gunaydin, Simin Hepguler, Sami Hizmetli, Taciser Kaya, Yesim Kurtais, Merih Saridogan, Dilsad Sindel, Serap Sutbeyaz, Omer Faruk Sendur, Hatice Ugurlu, Zeliha Unlu
In a Turkish League Against Rheumatism (TLAR) project, evidence-based recommendations for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) was developed for the first time in our country in 2012 (TLAR-2012). In accordance with developing medical knowledge and scientific evidence, recommendations were updated. The committee was composed of 22 physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists (4 have rheumatology subspeciality also) and an orthopaedic surgeon. Systematic literature search were applied on Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane and Turkish Medical Index for the dates between January the 1st 2012 and January the 29th of 2015...
May 17, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775161/surgical-treatment-of-middle-cluneal-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy-technical-note
#5
Juntaro Matsumoto, Toyohiko Isu, Kyongsong Kim, Naotaka Iwamoto, Daijiro Morimoto, Masanori Isobe
OBJECTIVE The etiology of low-back pain (LBP) is heterogeneous and is unknown in some patients with chronic pain. Superior cluneal nerve entrapment has been proposed as a causative factor, and some patients suffer severe symptoms. The middle cluneal nerve (MCN) is also implicated in the elicitation of LBP, and its clinical course and etiology remain unclear. The authors report the preliminary outcomes of a less invasive microsurgical release procedure to address MCN entrapment (MCN-E). METHODS The authors enrolled 11 patients (13 sites) with intractable LBP judged to be due to MCN-E...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774969/combined-effect-of-parathyroid-hormone-and-strontium-ranelate-on-bone-healing-in-ovariectomized-rats
#6
Funda Göker, Selim Ersanlı, Volkan Arısan, Erdal Cevher, Emine Elif Güzel, Halim İşsever, Beyhan Ömer, Gülay Durmuş Altun, Deniz Morina, Tuğba Ekiz Yılmaz, Elmire Dervişoğlu, Massimo Del Fabbro
OBJECTIVE: Parathyroid hormone (PTH) enhances bone healing. Strontium ranelate (SR) is an antiresorptive agent that increases bone formation. Reports about combined effects of PTH and SR on local bone regeneration in osteoporotic subjects are limited. We aimed at investigating the efficacy of PTH and SR for promoting new bone formation in critical sized defects of ovariectomized rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PTH- and/or SR-containing poloxamer implant tablets with/without chitosan microparticles were delivered locally to calvarial defects of 90 Wistar rats...
May 18, 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774959/authorship-trends-in-the-journal-of-orthopaedic-research-a-bibliometric-analysis
#7
Abhijit Seetharam, Mohammed T Ali, Christine Y Wang, Katherine E Schultz, James P Fischer, Shatoria Lunsford, Elizabeth C Whipple, Randall T Loder, Melissa A Kacena
Publications are an important tool to measure one's success and achievement in academia. They can help propel a career forward and move one into a position of leadership. The overall purpose of this study was to investigate changes in bibliometric variables, authorship, and collaboration trends in the Journal of Orthopaedic Research (JOR®), since its inception in 1983. A bibliometric analysis was completed for all manuscripts meeting the inclusion criteria (638), which were published throughout the inaugural year plus one representative year of each decade...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774363/developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-why-are-we-still-operating-on-them-a-plea-for-institutional-newborn-clinical-screening
#8
Wu Chean Lee, Sumanth Kumar Gera, Arjandas Mahadev
INTRODUCTION: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a common orthopaedic condition at birth. Non-surgical management with Pavlik harness can effectively treat DDH with early clinical diagnosis at newborn, but open surgeries continue to be performed. We aimed to elucidate the reasons for this. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all open surgeries related to DDH from 2006 to 2016. Patients were either born at our institution (Group 1) or outside of it (Group 2)...
May 18, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774178/effects-of-local-application-of-nano-silver-on-osteomyelitis-and-soft-tissue-infections-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#9
Bahattin Kemah, Gökçer Uzer, Yalçın Turhan, Burak Özturan, Bülent Kılıç, Bilge Sümbül Gültepe, Ayşe Bahar Ceyran, Selim Ertürk, Burak Aksoylu, Özlem Şenaydın, Korhan Özkan
Purpose : Bone and soft tissue infections are among the least desired complications after orthopaedic surgery. This study analysed the in vivo effects of the local application of nano-silver particles (AgNPs) [1nm = 1 billionth of a meter] in soft tissue infections. Materials-Method : An experimental osteomyelitis model was formed by inoculating both tibias of 24 rats with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus . The rats were followed without treatment for 21 days. Blood samples and tibial x-rays at day 21 confirmed the development of infection...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773455/inferior-vena-cava-filter-strut-penetration-into-the-vertebral-column-a-case-of-10-year-clinical-follow-up
#10
David A Petrov, Aakash Chauhan, Sean Fitzpatrick, Daniel T Altman, Bethany Casagranda
BACKGROUND: The rate of vena cava (IVC) filter placement has increased over the past decade, especially in the orthopaedic trauma patient population. With the increasing use of IVC filters, radiologists and referring clinicians must be familiar with potential complications. CLINICAL CASE: This case report presents an 18-year-old polytraumatized patient who had an IVC filter placed and required T8-L2 posterior spinal fusion. At 4.5 years of follow-up, a computed tomography (CT) scan for painful spinal hardware incidentally found that the IVC filter had migrated into the L3 vertebral body...
April 18, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772861/-analysis-of-clinical-effects-in-the-treatment-of-single-segment-lumbar-degenerative-disease-by-lamina-osteotomy-and-former-vertebral-plates-regraft
#11
Da-Peng Duan, Zhi-Long Chen, Hong-Hai Xu, Zong-Zhi Liu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effect between the lamina osteotomy and former vertebral plates regraft method and total laminectomy and interbody fusion method in treating single-segment lumbar degenerative disease. METHODS: The clinical data of 167 patients with single-segment lumbar degenerative disease underwent surgical treatment from January 2010 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 92 males and 75 females, aged from 45 to 75 years old with an average of (59...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772583/-correction-debridement-in-focal-cartilage-damage-of-the-knee-systematical-review-of-the-literature-and-recommendations-of-the-working-group-clinical-tissue-regeneration-of-the-german-society-of-orthopaedics-and-trauma-dgou
#12
Kolja Gelse, Peter Angele, Peter Behrens, Peter U Bruckner, Jakob Fay, Daniel Günther, Peter Kreuz, Jörg Lützner, Henning Madry, Peter E Müller, Philipp Niemeyer, Geert Pagenstert, Thomas Tischer, Markus Walther, Wolfgang Zinser, Gunter Spahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772188/hamstring-and-ankle-flexibility-deficits-are-weak-risk-factors-for-hamstring-injury-in-professional-soccer-players-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-438-players-including-78-injuries
#13
Nicol van Dyk, Abdulaziz Farooq, Roald Bahr, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries remain a significant injury burden in sports such as soccer that involve high-speed running. It has repeatedly been identified as the most common noncontact injury in elite male soccer, representing 12% of all injuries. As the incidence of hamstring injuries remains high, investigations are aimed at better understanding how to prevent hamstring injuries. Stretching to improve flexibility is commonly used in elite-level sports, but risk factor studies have reported contradicting results, leading to unclear conclusions regarding flexibility as a risk factor for hamstring injuries...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771998/risk-factors-for-inappropriate-blood-requisition-among-hospitals-in-tanzania
#14
Wilhellmuss I Mauka, Tara B Mtuy, Michael J Mahande, Sia E Msuya, Innocent B Mboya, Abdul Juma, Rune N Philemon
BACKGROUND: Blood is a critical aspect of treatment in life saving situations, increasing demand. Blood requisition practices greatly effect sufficient supply in blood banks. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for inappropriate blood requisition in Tanzania. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study using secondary data of 14,460 patients' blood requests from 42 transfusion hospitals. Primary data were obtained by using cluster-sampling design. Data were analysed using a two-level mixed-effects Poisson regression to determine fixed-effects of individual-level factors and hospital level factors associated with inappropriate blood requests...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771901/achilles-tenotomy-as-an-office-procedure-and-current-practising-trends-among-new-zealand-orthopaedic-surgeons
#15
Lewis Agius, Angus Wickham, Cameron Walker, Joshua Knudsen
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous Achilles tenotomy (PAT) is performed during the final phase of casting with Ponseti method. Several settings have been proposed as venues for this procedure, however it is increasingly being performed in theatre under a general anaesthetic (GA). General anaesthesia, however, is expensive and not without risks. The purpose of the present study was to compare results of outpatient releases to theatre releases, and assess current practising trends among orthopaedic surgeons...
May 18, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771859/letter-to-the-editor-gendered-innovations-in-orthopaedic-science-standing-on-the-shoulders-of-igiants
#16
Saralyn Mark, Naseem Rangwala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771856/vitamin-e-phosphate-coating-stimulates-bone-deposition-in-implant-related-infections-in-a-rat-model
#17
Arianna B Lovati, Marta Bottagisio, Susanna Maraldi, Martina B Violatto, Monica Bortolin, Elena De Vecchi, Paolo Bigini, Lorenzo Drago, Carlo L Romanò
BACKGROUND: Implant-related infections are associated with impaired bone healing and osseointegration. In vitro antiadhesive and antibacterial properties and in vivo antiinflammatory effects protecting against bone loss of various formulations of vitamin E have been demonstrated in animal models. However, to the best of our knowledge, no in vivo studies have demonstrated the synergistic activity of vitamin E in preventing bacterial adhesion to orthopaedic implants, thus supporting the bone-implant integration...
June 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770804/publication-trends-in-spine-research-from-2007-to-2016-comparison-of-the-orthopaedic-research-society-spine-section-and-the-international-society-for-the-study-of-the-lumbar-spine
#18
John T Martin, Sarah E Gullbrand, Aaron J Fields, Devina Purmessur, Ashish D Diwan, Thomas R Oxland, Kazuhiro Chiba, Farshid Guilak, Judith A Hoyland, James C Iatridis
This study investigated current trends in spine publications of the membership of Orthopaedic Research Society Spine Section (ORS3) and the more global and clinically focused International Society for the Study of the Lumbar Spine (ISSLS). The PubMed database was probed to quantify trends in the overall number of articles published, the number of journals these articles were published in, and the number of active scientists producing new manuscripts. We also evaluated trends in flagship spine journals ( Spine , European Spine Journal , and The Spine Journal ) and in the Journal of Orthopaedic Research...
March 2018: JOR spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769058/efficacy-of-standardized-training-on-a-virtual-reality-simulator-to-advance-knee-and-shoulder-arthroscopic-motor-skills
#19
Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, David E Bauer, Felix Wa Waibel, Dominik C Meyer, Christian Gerber, Sandro F Fucentese
BACKGROUND: Most studies demonstrated, that training on a virtual reality based arthroscopy simulator leads to an improvement of technical skills in orthopaedic surgery. However, how long and what kind of training is optimal for young residents is unknown. In this study we tested the efficacy of a standardized, competency based training protocol on a validated virtual reality based knee- and shoulder arthroscopy simulator. METHODS: Twenty residents and five experts in arthroscopy were included...
May 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767226/evaluation-of-the-wear-and-tear-scale-for-therapeutic-footwear-results-of-a-generalizability-study
#20
Rutger Dahmen, Petra C Siemonsma, Sandra Monteiro, Geoffrey R Norman, Maarten Boers, Gustaaf J Lankhorst, Leo D Roorda
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic footwear is often prescribed at considerable cost. Foot-care specialists normally assess the wear-and-tear of therapeutic footwear in order to monitor the adequacy of the prescribed footwear and to gain an indicator of its use. We developed a simple, rapid, easily applicable indicator of wear-and-tear of therapeutic footwear: the wear-and-tear scale. The aim of this study was to investigate the intra- and inter-rater reliability of the wear-and-tear scale. METHODS: A test set of 100 therapeutic shoes was assembled; 24 raters (6 inexperienced and 6 experienced physiatrists, and 6 inexperienced and 6 experienced orthopaedic shoe technicians) rated the degree of wear-and-tear of the shoes on the scale (range 0-100) twice on 1 day with a 4-h interval (short-term) and twice over a 4-week interval (long-term)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
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