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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562175/nursing-informatics-ethical-considerations-for-adopting-electronic-records
#1
Amber Wilburn
School districts are commonly adopting electronic storage systems, including electronic health records. Included in this adoption is a move toward cloud-based record storage systems to handle the increasing volumes of data. Deciding which system to adopt is especially difficult in times of tightening school district budgets. While there are several options to consider, including the outright purchase of a proprietary system or choosing one of a relatively new group of free programs, lead nurses must work to ensure that student information is protected and that any chosen system complies with privacy laws...
May 1, 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541552/evidence-appraisal-a-scoping-review-conceptual-framework-and-research-agenda
#2
Andrew Goldstein, Eric Venker, Chunhua Weng
Objective: Critical appraisal of clinical evidence promises to help prevent, detect, and address flaws related to study importance, ethics, validity, applicability, and reporting. These research issues are of growing concern. The purpose of this scoping review is to survey the current literature on evidence appraisal to develop a conceptual framework and an informatics research agenda. Methods: We conducted an iterative literature search of Medline for discussion or research on the critical appraisal of clinical evidence...
May 24, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495345/the-georges-pompidou-university-hospital-clinical-data-warehouse-a-8-years-follow-up-experience
#3
Anne-Sophie Jannot, Eric Zapletal, Paul Avillach, Marie-France Mamzer, Anita Burgun, Patrice Degoulet
BACKGROUND: When developed jointly with clinical information systems, clinical data warehouses (CDWs) facilitate the reuse of healthcare data and leverage clinical research. OBJECTIVE: To describe both data access and use for clinical research, epidemiology and health service research of the "Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou" (HEGP) CDW. METHODS: The CDW has been developed since 2008 using an i2b2 platform. It was made available to health professionals and researchers in October 2010...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480472/added-value-from-secondary-use-of-person-generated-health-data-in-consumer-health-informatics-contribution-of-the-consumer-health-informatics-imia-working-group
#4
P-Y Hsueh, Y-K Cheung, S Dey, K K Kim, F J Martin-Sanchez, S K Petersen, T Wetter
INTRODUCTION: Various health-related data, subsequently called Person Generated Health Data (PGHD), is being collected by patients or presumably healthy individuals as well as about them as much as they become available as measurable properties in their work, home, and other environments. Despite that such data was originally just collected and used for dedicated predefined purposes, more recently it is regarded as untapped resources that call for secondary use. METHOD: Since the secondary use of PGHD is still at its early evolving stage, we have chosen, in this paper, to produce an outline of best practices, as opposed to a systematic review...
May 8, 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422933/nursing-informatics-competency-assessment-for-the-nurse-leader-instrument-refinement-validation-and-psychometric-analysis
#5
Po-Yin Yen, Andrew Phillips, Mary K Kennedy, Sarah Collins
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to refine and validate a new instrument, Nursing Informatics Competency Assessment for the Nurse Leader (NL). BACKGROUND: Because health information technology rapidly advances, the NL requires greater levels of informatics knowledge. METHODS: Item reduction and psychometric analysis methodology RESULTS: A total of 357 national NLs completed the survey. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a final 6-factor solution that contained 26 items: (1) strategic implementation management, (2) advanced information management and education, (3) executive planning, (4) ethical and legal concepts, (5) information systems concepts, and (6) requirements and system selection...
May 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361731/health-information-technology-as-a-universal-donor-to-bioethics-education
#6
Kenneth W Goodman
Health information technology, sometimes called biomedical informatics, is the use of computers and networks in the health professions. This technology has become widespread, from electronic health records to decision support tools to patient access through personal health records. These computational and information-based tools have engendered their own ethics literature and now present an opportunity to shape the standard medical and nursing ethics curricula. It is suggested that each of four core components in the professional education of clinicians-privacy, end-of-life care, access to healthcare and valid consent, and clinician-patient communication-offers an opportunity to leverage health information technology for curricular improvement...
April 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336794/the-ethics-of-smart-cities-and-urban-science
#7
Rob Kitchin
Software-enabled technologies and urban big data have become essential to the functioning of cities. Consequently, urban operational governance and city services are becoming highly responsive to a form of data-driven urbanism that is the key mode of production for smart cities. At the heart of data-driven urbanism is a computational understanding of city systems that reduces urban life to logic and calculative rules and procedures, which is underpinned by an instrumental rationality and realist epistemology...
December 28, 2016: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183244/personalised-healthcare-the-dima-clinical-model
#8
Marina Borro, Giovanna Gentile, Vittorio Fineschi, Zeno Földes-Papp, Paola Frati, Alessandro Santurro, Luana Lionetto, Maurizio Simmaco
Large-scale application of Personalized Medicine requires a multi-disciplinal environment allowing synergic cooperation among different competences. Strict collaboration between medical and medical sciences, as informatics, ethics, politics, are needed to face the challenges of one-sized healthcare. In spite of the increasing interest, how this system can be globally realized remains tentative. Yet, a relatively small, Personalised Healthcare Service is providing a proof-of principle organizational model to guide implementation into clinical practice...
February 8, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126242/artificial-intelligence-in-medicine
#9
REVIEW
Pavel Hamet, Johanne Tremblay
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a general term that implies the use of a computer to model intelligent behavior with minimal human intervention. AI is generally accepted as having started with the invention of robots. The term derives from the Czech word robota, meaning biosynthetic machines used as forced labor. In this field, Leonardo Da Vinci's lasting heritage is today's burgeoning use of robotic-assisted surgery, named after him, for complex urologic and gynecologic procedures. Da Vinci's sketchbooks of robots helped set the stage for this innovation...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121941/acupuncture-for-chronic-diarrhea-in-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Zongshi Qin, Bo Li, Jiani Wu, Jinhui Tian, Shang Xie, Zhi Mao, Jing Zhou, Tae-Hun Kim, Zhishun Liu
BACKGROUND: As 2 major common types of chronic diarrhea, functional diarrhea (FD) and diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) affect 1.54% to 1.72% of people in China. Acupuncture is commonly used in clinical practice for patients with chronic diarrhea. Here, we present a protocol of systematic review aimed at systematically review all the clinical evidence on the effectiveness of acupuncture for treating FD and IBS-D in adults. METHODS: The review will be performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919384/health-information-professionals-in-a-global-ehealth-world-ethical-and-legal-arguments-for-the-international-certification-and-accreditation-of-health-information-professionals
#11
Eike-Henner W Kluge
BACKGROUND: Issues such as privacy, security, quality, etc. have received considerable attention in discussions of eHealth, mHealth and pHealth. However, comparatively little attention has been paid to the fact that these methods of delivering health care situate Health Information Professionals (HIPs) in an ethical context that is importantly different from that of traditional health care because they assign a fiduciary role to HIPs that they did not have before, their previous technical involvement notwithstanding...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895956/steps-in-moving-evidence-based-health-informatics-from-theory-to-practice
#12
REVIEW
Michael Rigby, Farah Magrabi, Philip Scott, Persephone Doupi, Hannele Hypponen, Elske Ammenwerth
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate and promote the importance of applying a scientific process to health IT design and implementation, and of basing this on research principles and techniques. METHODS: A review by international experts linked to the IMIA Working Group on Technology Assessment and Quality Development. RESULTS: Four approaches are presented, linking to the creation of national professional expectations, adherence to research-based standards, quality assurance approaches to ensure safety, and scientific measurement of impact...
October 2016: Healthcare Informatics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830254/clinical-research-informatics-contributions-from-2015
#13
C Daniel, R Choquet
OBJECTIVES: To summarize key contributions to current research in the field of Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) and to select best papers published in 2015. METHOD: A bibliographic search using a combination of MeSH and free terms search over PubMed on Clinical Research Informatics (CRI) was performed followed by a double-blind review in order to select a list of candidate best papers to be then peer-reviewed by external reviewers. A consensus meeting between the two section editors and the editorial team was finally organized to conclude on the selection of best papers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830250/all-that-glitters-is-not-gold-consumer-health-informatics-and-education-in-the-era-of-social-media-and-health-apps-findings-from-the-yearbook-2016-section-on-consumer-health-informatics
#14
L Fernandez-Luque, P Staccini
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the state of the art published during the year 2015 in the areas related to consumer health informatics and education with a special emphasis on unintended consequences of applying mobile and social media technologies in that domain. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of articles published in PubMed with a predefined set of queries, which lead to the selection of over 700 potential relevant articles. Section editors screened those papers on the title, abstract, and finally complete paper basis, taking into account the papers' relevance for the section topic...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830242/building-a-privacy-ethics-and-data-access-framework-for-real-world-computerised-medical-record-system-data-a-delphi-study-contribution-of-the-primary-health-care-informatics-working-group
#15
H Liyanage, S-T Liaw, C T Di Iorio, C Kuziemsky, R Schreiber, A L Terry, S de Lusignan
BACKGROUND: Privacy, ethics, and data access issues pose significant challenges to the timely delivery of health research. Whilst the fundamental drivers to ensure that data access is ethical and satisfies privacy requirements are similar, they are often dealt with in varying ways by different approval processes. OBJECTIVE: To achieve a consensus across an international panel of health care and informatics professionals on an integrated set of privacy and ethics principles that could accelerate health data access in data-driven health research projects...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807750/biobanks-and-their-clinical-application-and-informatics-challenges
#16
Lan Yang, Yalan Chen, Chunjiang Yu, Bairong Shen
Biobanks are one of the most important biomedical research resources and contribute to the development of biomarker detection, molecular diagnosis, translational medicine, and multidisciplinary disease research, as well as studies of interactions between genetic and environmental or lifestyle factors. Aiming for the wide clinical application of biobanks, biobanking efforts have recently switched from a focus on accumulating samples to both formalizing and sustaining collections in light of the rapid progress in the fields of personalized medicine and bioinformatics analysis...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679794/one-health-core-competency-domains
#17
Rebekah Frankson, William Hueston, Kira Christian, Debra Olson, Mary Lee, Linda Valeri, Raymond Hyatt, Joseph Annelli, Carol Rubin
The emergence of complex global challenges at the convergence of human, animal, and environmental health has catalyzed a movement supporting "One Health" approaches. Despite recognition of the importance of One Health approaches to address these complex challenges, little effort has been directed at identifying the seminal knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for individuals to successfully contribute to One Health efforts. Between 2008 and 2011, three groups independently embarked on separate initiatives to identify core competencies for professionals involved with One Health approaches...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497812/closing-the-evidence-gap-in-infectious-disease-point-of-care-randomization-and-informed-consent
#18
REVIEW
A Huttner, L Leibovici, U Theuretzbacher, B Huttner, M Paul
The informed consent document is intended to provide basic rights to patients but often fails to do so. Patients' autonomy may be diminished by virtue of their illness; evidence shows that even patients who appear to be ideal candidates for understanding and granting informed consent rarely are, particularly those with acute infections. We argue that for low-risk trials whose purpose is to evaluate nonexperimental therapies or other measures towards which the medical community is in a state of equipoise, ethics committees should play a more active role in a more standardized fashion...
February 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225583/front-matter
#19
(no author information available yet)
The pHealth 2016 Conference is the 13th in a series of scientific events bringing together expertise from medical, technological, political, administrative, legal and social domains. pHealth 2016 opens a new chapter in the success story of the series of international conferences on wearable or implantable micro, nano and biotechnologies for personalized health. Starting in 2003 with personal health management systems, pHealth has continuously extended its scope evolving to a truly interdisciplinary event by covering technological and biomedical facilities, legal, ethical, social, and organizational requirements and impacts as well as necessary basic research for enabling the future proof care paradigms...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27209083/clinical-decision-making-and-secondary-findings-in-systems-medicine
#20
T Fischer, K B Brothers, P Erdmann, M Langanke
BACKGROUND: Systems medicine is the name for an assemblage of scientific strategies and practices that include bioinformatics approaches to human biology (especially systems biology); "big data" statistical analysis; and medical informatics tools. Whereas personalized and precision medicine involve similar analytical methods applied to genomic and medical record data, systems medicine draws on these as well as other sources of data. Given this distinction, the clinical translation of systems medicine poses a number of important ethical and epistemological challenges for researchers working to generate systems medicine knowledge and clinicians working to apply it...
2016: BMC Medical Ethics
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