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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855425/prostitution-as-a-psychiatric-situation-ethical-aspects
#1
Danijela Tiosavljević, Slavica Djukić-Dejanović, Karel Turza, Aleksandar Jovanović, Vida Jeremić
This paper presents the morally controversial phenomenon of prostitution. As the basis for contemplating the prostitution issue the most important is revealing and understanding its primitive ethical root. For understanding its "soul", its essence, also important is comprehending sexual, "elementary thoughts" of mankind, through the relationship between prostitution and religious, social, political and spiritual life, and its nature as a reflection of the sexual-ethical concepts in different epochs and nations...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833221/profile-of-patients-attending-psychogeriatric-clinic-in-a-tertiary-care-setting
#2
Suresh Neethu, P V Indu, Prabhakaran Anil
BACKGROUND: Proportion of elderly is increasing among the total population of Kerala, and mental health problems of this group are unique. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical and sociodemographic profile of patients attending Psychogeriatric Clinic in a tertiary care center and to study the correlation of sociodemographic and clinical variables with psychiatric diagnoses in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients, who attended the Psychogeriatric Clinic of a tertiary care center over a period of 1 year, was done...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794549/clinicians-use-of-prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-in-clinical-practice-and-decision-making
#3
Gillian J Leichtling, Jessica M Irvine, Christi Hildebran, Deborah J Cohen, Sara E Hallvik, Richard A Deyo
OBJECTIVES:  Little is known about clinicians' use of prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) profiles in decision-making. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand how clinicians use, interpret, and integrate PDMP profiles with other information in making clinical decisions. DESIGN : Qualitative interviews of clinician PDMP users. SETTING:  Oregon registrants in the state's PDMP. SUBJECTS:  Thirty-three clinicians practicing in primary care, emergency medicine, pain management, psychiatry, dentistry, and surgery...
October 29, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779296/-cooperation-and-client-perspective-are-the-terms-for-success-reflection-on-the-cost-effectiveness-of-psychiatry
#4
N Vos de Wael
There is a growing interest in the cost-effectiveness of psychiatry in general. How do client organisations regard this growing interest?<br/> AIM: To discuss the cost-effectiveness of psychiatry in general seen from the perspective of the patient/civilian and his or her environment.<br/> METHOD: A critical appraisal of cost-effectiveness in psychiatry on the basis of a case-study and relevant developments in society.<br/> RESULTS: The increasing interest in the cost-effectiveness of psychiatry should be seen as a positive development, but we must be aware of the complexity of the factors involved and of the complications that are linked to this increased interest...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777432/case-of-24-week-fetus-delivered-from-mother-on-life-support-with-brain-death-from-suicide-attempt-ethical-issues-associated-with-severe-complications
#5
Takeshi Nishimura, Keisuke Kohama, Takaaki Osako, Taihei Yamada, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Atsunori Nakao, Joji Kotani
Advances in critical care medicine have made it possible to sustain vital organ systems in brain-dead patients. One clinical scenario besides donor organ retrieval in which a benefit may be gained from continuing life support is pregnancy. A pregnant woman in her late 30's at 23 weeks gestation exhibiting worsening depression was referred to the Department of Psychiatry. One day after admission she attempted suicide by hanging and suffered a cardiopulmonary arrest. A fetal heart beat and fetal motion was confirmed immediately after resuscitation...
October 2016: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691377/ethics-of-coercive-treatment-and-misuse-of-psychiatry
#6
Tilman Steinert
The author discusses a pragmatic approach to decisions about coercive treatment that is based on four principles from principle-based ethics: respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, and justice. This approach can reconcile psychiatry's perspective with the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons With Disabilities. Coercive treatment can be justified only when a patient's capacity to consent is substantially impaired and severe danger to health or life cannot be prevented by less intrusive means...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649834/disciplinary-crossings
#7
Ilina Singh
Eighteen months ago, I left a permanent professorship in a generously interdisciplinary department of sociology and took an impermanent, lower-paying job at a university where I had to apply to something called the "Committee on Distinction" to retain the title of "Professor." Some people say, "That's what happens when Oxford calls." But it wasn't just that. It was the opportunity to engage in a groundbreaking experiment: to embed and integrate ethics within the Oxford Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644863/implications-of-the-group-model-of-supervision-and-consultation-in-forensic-training
#8
Richard L Frierson, Kaustubh G Joshi
The clinical case conference has been a hallmark of undergraduate and graduate medical education for decades and affords attendees the opportunity to hear about interesting and difficult cases and to learn from a discussion of the complexities of diagnosis and treatment. In forensic psychiatry, the complexities in a case conference also extend to the formation of a forensic opinion. The application of the clinical case conference to forensic psychiatry has not been described in the literature, although many fellowship programs engage in this activity...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644429/teaching-medical-ethics-in-graduate-and-undergraduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review-of-effectiveness
#9
Santiago de la Garza, Vania Phuoc, Steven Throneberry, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Laurence McCullough, John Coverdale
OBJECTIVE: One objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to psychiatry residents. In order to gain insights from other disciplines that have published research in this area, a second objective was to identify and review studies on teaching medical ethics to residents across all other specialties of training and on teaching medical students. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and PsycINFO were searched for controlled trials on teaching medical ethics with quantitative outcomes...
September 19, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550459/-philosophy-of-psychiatry-and-phenomenology-of-everyday-life-the-disruptions-of-ordinary-experience-in-schizophrenia
#10
Sarah Troubé
The paper considers the philosophy of psychiatry from the perspective of everyday life, as a particular structure of experience. We outline some questions raised by disturbances typical of psychotic disorders with regard to a phenomenology of the everyday and common sense. As a link between philosophy and clinical psychopathology, this phenomenology implies a transcendental point of view, embedded in concrete and practical forms of ordinary experience, along with social norms. This opens the possibility of a mutual questioning between philosophy and psychiatry, drawing on its clinical, epistemological, and ethical dimensions...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514542/how-valid-is-placebo-in-the-indian-setting
#11
Himanshu Sharma
Background-The Placebo is defined as an inert substance with a potent therapeutic effect. Its effect is attributed to its psychological and neurobiological effect. Its use in Psychiatric drug practice in drug trials and clinical practice is common, especially in India .Currently there is a debate whether to use it or not as there are ethical, moral and legal issues. Also, its mechanism of action is not known. Discussion-The Indian Psychiatry scenario is muddled in relation to use of placebo in Randomized Controlled Trials or Psychiatric clinical practice...
August 10, 2016: Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27472934/preparing-residents-and-fellows-to-address-ethical-issues-in-the-use-of-mobile-technologies-in-clinical-psychiatry
#12
Laura Weiss Roberts, John Torous
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459843/-not-available
#13
Giovanni Galeoto, Rita De Santis, Alessandra Marcolini, Alfonso Cinelli, Rossana Cecchi
UNLABELLED: The legislative developments that led to the Three-year Degree of the Health Professions poses any health professional in the position of having to comply with the ethical and legal duty to obtain valid informed consent from the patient prior to treatment. In the present work, attention was focused on the figure of the occupational therapist. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Informed consent forms have been developed according to the specific disease from which the patient undergoing occupational therapy is affected...
April 2016: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453210/genetic-counselling-for-psychiatric-disorders-accounts-of-psychiatric-health-professionals-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
Sian Jenkins, Michael Arribas-Ayllon
Genetic counselling is not routinely offered for psychiatric disorders in the United Kingdom through NHS regional clinical genetics departments. However, recent genomic advances, confirming a genetic contribution to mental illness, are anticipated to increase demand for psychiatric genetic counselling. This is the first study of its kind to employ qualitative methods of research to explore accounts of psychiatric health professionals regarding the prospects for genetic counselling services within clinical psychiatry in the UK...
July 24, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27392130/from-psychiatry-to-flower-power-and-back-again-the-amazing-story-of-lysergic-acid-diethylamide
#15
Hermann A M Mucke
Among the psychedelic drugs that enjoyed a period of popularity in psychiatric research during the 1950s and 1960s, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is the most prominent one. Psychiatrists of that time had seen LSD not only as a tool for psychotherapy but also as a potential therapeutic for anxiety, depression, alcohol abuse, autism, and even schizophrenia. When it became a quasi-religious epitome of the Hippie counterculture in the mid 1960s, and cases of what we now call hallucinogen persisting perception disorder and acute psychotic "flashbacks" mounted, authorities moved to make LSD illegal...
July 8, 2016: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333064/medical-boards-and-fitness-to-practice-the-case-of-teleka-patrick-md
#16
Katrina A Bramstedt
BACKGROUND: Medical boards and fitness-to-practice committees aim to ensure that medical students and physicians have "good moral character" and are not impaired in their practice of medicine. METHOD: Presented here is an ethical analysis of stalking behavior by physicians and medical students, with focus on the case of Teleka Patrick, MD (a psychiatry resident practicing medicine while under a restraining order due to her alleged stalking behavior). CONCLUSIONS: While a restraining order is not generally considered a criminal conviction, stalking behavior is clearly unprofessional and a marker of inappropriate character and fitness, yet the reporting obligations for such matters are complex...
2016: Journal of Clinical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325248/-german-neurology-and-neurologists-during-the-third-reich-the-aftermath
#17
M Martin, H Fangerau, A Karenberg
The article discusses the consequences for neurology as a discipline which resulted from neurologists' participation in the crimes committed under National Socialism (NS). Chronologically, the current literature distinguishes mainly four overlapping stages: (1) a first phase was characterized by legal persecution and "denazification", which was also the time of the Nuremberg doctors' trial in which no neurologists were on trial. A detailed documentation of the trial for the German medical profession was published by Alexander Mitscherlich...
August 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27236179/the-ethics-of-apa-s-goldwater-rule
#18
Jerome Kroll, Claire Pouncey
Section 7.3 of the code of ethics of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) cautions psychiatrists against making public statements about public figures whom they have not formally evaluated. The APA's concern is to safeguard the public perception of psychiatry as a scientific and credible profession. The ethic is that diagnostic terminology and theory should not be used for speculative or ad hominem attacks that promote the interests of the individual physician or for political and ideological causes. However, the Goldwater Rule presents conflicting problems...
June 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222121/psychiatry-and-the-gay-holocaust-the-lessons-of-jill-soloway-s-transparent
#19
Michael D Robertson, Edwina Light, Garry Walter, Wendy Lipworth
OBJECTIVE: We aim to consider issues relevant to psychiatry raised by the television series, Transparent. CONCLUSIONS: Psychiatry's disturbing history regarding the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) community shares many aspects with the group's persecution by the National Socialist regime in Germany. The medicalised 'otherness' conferred on LGBTI patients, latent homophobia and transphobia, and lack of culturally sensitive clinical services for these people represent a major ethical challenge for modern Australasian psychiatry...
May 24, 2016: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27216593/-ethical-principles-in-electronvulsivotherapy
#20
S Richa, W De Carvalho
ECT or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a therapeutic technique invented in 1935 but which was really developed after World War II and then spreading widely until the mid 1960s. The source of this technique, and some forms of stigma including films, have participated widely to make it suspect from a moral point of view. The ethical principles that support the establishment of a treatment by ECT are those relating to any action in psychiatry and are based on the one hand on the founding principles of bioethics: autonomy, beneficence, non-malfeasance, and justice, and on the other hand on the information on the technical and consent to this type of care...
May 20, 2016: L'Encéphale
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