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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773936/diabetes-prenatal-depression-and-self-rated-health-in-latina-mothers
#1
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Claire Swinford, Danielle Massey, Heidi Hardt
Background: Latinas in the United States have elevated rates of diabetes and prenatal depression (PND). The presence of diabetes and PND can also have a negative effect on women's self-rated health (SRH), a commonly used indicator of health that is consistent with objective health status and is a predictor of mortality. However, the associations between PND, diabetes, and SRH have not been tested, particularly among Latinas, who have elevated risk of both medical conditions. To address this gap, this pilot study tested the association between PND and diabetes using data from Latinas enrolled during their third trimester of pregnancy and explored whether these health conditions were associated with SRH in these women...
May 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772609/measuring-outcomes-of-digital-technology-assisted-nursing-postpartum-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Deborah E Mccarter, Eugene Demidenko, Mark T Hegel
AIM: To determine if delivering electronic messages from nurses during the first six months postpartum is feasible, acceptable and effective in improving mood and decreasing parenting stress. BACKGROUND: Competing demands during the postpartum hospitalization make focused time for nurses to provide education and support difficult. Unmet needs following discharge may increase the incidence of postpartum depression. Untreated depression negatively affects families, especially for vulnerable women with limited access to health care...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772083/effects-of-prenatal-stress-on-anxiety-and-depressive-like-behaviors-are-sex-specific-in-prepubertal-rats
#3
Ann Mary Iturra-Mena, Marcia Arriagada-Solimano, Ariane Luttecke-Anders, Alexies Dagnino-Subiabre
The fetal brain is highly susceptible to stress in late pregnancy, with lifelong effects of stress on physiology and behavior. The aim of this study was to determine the physiological and behavioral effects of prenatal stress during the prepubertal period of female and male rats. We subjected pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats to a restraint stress protocol from gestational day 14 until 21, a critical period for fetal brain susceptibility to stress effects. Male and female offspring were subsequently assessed at postnatal day 24 for anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors, and spontaneous social interaction...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764882/postnatal-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-nationwide-clinic-based-cross-sectional-study-in-malaysia
#4
Noor Ani Ahmad, Umi Adzlin Silim, Azriman Rosman, Majdah Mohamed, Ying Ying Chan, Noraida Mohd Kasim, Muslimah Yusof, Mohamad Aznuddin Abd Razak, Maisarah Omar, Fazly Azry Abdul Aziz, Rasidah Jamaluddin, Fatanah Ismail, Nurashikin Ibrahim, Tahir Aris
INTRODUCTION: An estimated 13% of women in the postnatal period suffer from postnatal depression (PND) worldwide. In addition to underprivileged women, women who are exposed to violence are at higher risk of PND. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and PND in Malaysia. METHODS: This survey was conducted as a nationwide cross-sectional study using a cluster sampling design. Probable PND was assessed using a self-administered Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754019/threatened-miscarriage-and-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-among-women-and-partners-in-early-pregnancy
#5
Cindy Shiqi Zhu, Thiam Chye Tan, Helen Yu Chen, Rahul Malhotra, John Carson Allen, Truls Østbye
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression has been associated with poor maternal and fetal outcomes, and threatened miscarriage is often seen clinically to impact adversely on maternal wellbeing, notwithstanding the limited research evidence. Our study aims to examine the link between threatened miscarriage and antenatal depression and anxiety in an Asian obstetric population. METHODS: We recruited 121 women and 68 partners facing threatened miscarriage, and 241 women and 180 partners experiencing uncomplicated pregnancies from a tertiary maternity hospital in Singapore...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753355/setting-the-boundaries-for-economic-evaluation-investigating-time-horizon-and-family-effects-in-the-case-of-postnatal-depression
#6
Jemimah Ride
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the impact of varying the boundaries of economic evaluation: time horizon and inclusion of family effects. The context is postnatal mental health, where although advocates for investment often include longer-term and family problems in describing the burden of postnatal depression, economic evaluations are usually limited to mothers' effects with a relatively short time horizon. This discrepancy may lead to suboptimal allocation of healthcare resources...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752621/correlates-of-suicidal-ideation-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-rural-south-africa
#7
Violeta J Rodriguez, Lissa N Mandell, Suat Babayigit, Rhea R Manohar, Stephen M Weiss, Deborah L Jones
In developing countries, up to 20% of maternal deaths during pregnancy are due to suicide, and being HIV-infected confers additional risk. This manuscript sought to identify perinatal correlates of suicidal ideation among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in rural South Africa. Pregnant WLHIV (N = 681) were recruited and re-assessed at 12-months postpartum. Mean age was 28.3 (SD = 5.7) years and 68% were below the poverty line. Prenatal suicidal ideation was 39%; suicidal ideation continued for 7% at 12 months, 13% experienced incident suicidal ideation, and for 19% suicidal ideation had stopped postnatally...
May 11, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749116/neonatal-pain-and-stress-disrupts-later-life-pavlovian-fear-conditioning-and-sensory-function-in-rats-evidence-for-a-two-hit-model
#8
Seth M Davis, Makaela Rice, Jacob Rudlong, Victoria Eaton, Tamara King, Michael A Burman
Early life trauma has been linked to increased risks for anxiety, depression, and chronic pain. We used rodent models of acute and inflammatory neonatal pain to explore effects on fear conditioning and somatosensory function. Hindpaw needle pricks or handling on postnatal days (PNDs) 1-7 caused lasting impacts on affective and somatosensory function when assessed at later ages, PNDs 24 (postweaning), 45 (adolescence), or 66 (adulthood). First, auditory, but not contextual, freezing was mildly disrupted regardless of age...
May 10, 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747816/gangliosides-in-nerve-cell-specification
#9
Yutaka Itokazu, Jing Wang, Robert K Yu
The central nervous system is generated from progenitor cells that are recognized as neural stem cells (NSCs). NSCs are defined as undifferentiated neural cells that are characterized by the capacity for self-renewal and multipotency. Throughout neural development, NSCs undergo proliferation, migration, and cellular differentiation, and dynamic changes are observed in the composition of carbohydrate-rich molecules, including gangliosides. Gangliosides are sialic acid-containing glycosphingolipids with essential and multifaceted functions in brain development and NSC maintenance, which reflects the complexity of brain development...
2018: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747597/physical-activity-for-antenatal-and-postnatal-depression-in-women-attempting-to-quit-smoking-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Amanda Daley, Muhammad Riaz, Sarah Lewis, Paul Aveyard, Tim Coleman, Isaac Manyonda, Robert West, Beth Lewis, Bess Marcus, Adrian Taylor, Judith Ibison, Andrew Kent, Michael Ussher
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is associated with harmful consequences for both the mother and child. One intervention that might be effective is participation in regular physical activity although data on this question in pregnant smokers is currently lacking. METHODS: Women were randomised to six-weekly sessions of smoking cessation behavioural-support, or to the same support plus 14 sessions combining treadmill exercise and physical activity consultations. RESULTS: Among 784 participants (mean gestation 16-weeks), EPDS was significantly higher in the physical activity group versus usual care at end-of-pregnancy (mean group difference (95% confidence intervals (CIs)): 0...
May 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747048/a-randomized-trial-examining-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-postpartum-depression-the-healthy-mom-trial
#11
Beth A Lewis, Katie Schuver, Shira Duniger, Lauren Samson, Amanda L Frayeh, Carrie A Terrell, Joe T Ciccolo, Melissa D Avery
Approximately 13-19% of women experience postpartum depression and approximately one-third of women who have a history of depression develop depression during the postpartum phase. Exercise is an efficacious intervention for depression among adults; however, few studies have examined the effect of exercise on postpartum depression. The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial examining the effect of exercise and wellness interventions on preventing postpartum depression among women at risk...
May 7, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746362/postpartum-depression-screening-and-referral-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#12
Lenore R Jarvis, Kristen A Breslin, Gia M Badolato, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the (1) proportion of screened postpartum depression (PPD)-positive mothers, (2) associated risk factors, and (3) impact of PPD screening in a pediatric emergency department (PED). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a pilot cohort study using a convenience sample of mothers (n = 209, all ages) of infant patients 6 months or younger presenting to a PED. Mothers completed a computerized survey that included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745705/course-of-ante-and-postnatal-depressive-symptoms-related-to-mothers-hpa-axis-regulation
#13
Heidemarie Laurent, Sherryl H Goodman, Zachary N Stowe, Meeka Halperin, Faaiza Khan, Dorianne Wright, Benjamin W Nelson, D Jeffrey Newport, James C Ritchie, Catherine Monk, Bettina Knight
Given high health costs of depression during pregnancy and the first postnatal year, it is important to understand mechanisms involved in the emergence and perpetuation of symptoms during this time. In a series of 2 studies, we aim to clarify bidirectional relations between mothers' physiological stress regulation-stress-related activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis-and their course of depressive symptoms. In Study 1, 230 pregnant women recruited from a women's mental health program gave 3 saliva samples in the context of psychosocial stress at 24, 30, and 36-weeks gestation...
May 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741208/induction-of-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes-for-women-at-or-beyond-term
#14
REVIEW
Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Beyond term, the risks of stillbirth or neonatal death increase. It is unclear whether a policy of labour induction can reduce these risks. This Cochrane review is an update of a review that was originally published in 2006 and subsequently updated in 2012 OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a policy of labour induction at or beyond term compared with a policy of awaiting spontaneous labour or until an indication for birth induction of labour is identified) on pregnancy outcomes for infant and mother...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740192/safety-of-fentanyl-for-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-in-non-intubated-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Yair Kasirer, Vibhuti Shah, Eugene W Yoon, Ruben Bromiker, Carol Mcnair, Anna Taddio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of fentanyl in non-intubated infants undergoing peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) placement. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of PICC placements over a 3 years' period. We compared the 12h periods before and after fentanyl for clinically significant cardiorespiratory events (spells). RESULTS: Of the 998 neonates screened, 258 were eligible. The mean standard deviation gestational age was 34...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731813/sevoflurane-induced-memory-impairment-in-the-postnatal-developing-mouse-brain
#16
Zhijun Lu, Jihui Sun, Yichun Xin, Ken Chen, Wen Ding, Yujia Wang
The aim of the present study was to confirm that sevoflurane induces memory impairment in the postnatal developing mouse brain and determine its mechanism of action. C57BL/6 mice 7 days old were randomly assigned into a 2.6% sevoflurane (n=68), a 1.3% sevoflurane (n=68) and a control (n=38) group. Blood gas analysis was performed to evaluate hypoxia and respiratory depression during anesthesia in 78 mice. Measurements for expression of caspase-3 by immunohistochemistry, cleavage of poly adenosine diphosphate-ribose polymerase (PARP) by western blotting, as well as levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), tyrosine kinase receptor type 2 (Ntrk2), pro-BDNF, p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) and protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were performed in the hippocampus of 12 mice from each group...
May 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730512/the-pregnancy-related-anxiety-scale-a-validity-examination-using-rasch-analysis
#17
Robyn J Brunton, Rachel Dryer, Chris Krägeloh, Anthony Saliba, Jane Kohlhoff, Oleg Medvedev
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-related anxiety is increasingly recognised as a common condition that is associated with many deleterious outcomes for both the mother and infant (e.g., preterm birth, postnatal depression). Limitations in the psychometric properties and/or breadth of existing scales for pregnancy-related anxiety highlight the need for a psychometrically sound measure to facilitate effective screening and possible early interventions. The recently developed Pregnancy-related Anxiety Scale (PrAS) was evaluated using Rasch analysis to explore how the scale's psychometric properties could be fine-tuned...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724735/chronic-stress-protection-for-postnatal-depression-prevention-serene-a-protocol-for-an-exploratory-study
#18
Dahlia Tharwat, Marion Trousselard, Mélanie Balès, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Dominique Fromage, Elisabeth Spitz, Dominique Dallay, Thierry Harvey, Eric Welter, Frédéric Coatleven, Lydie Cherier, Frédérique Teissèdre, Jean-Luc Pouly, Frédéric Dutheil, Anaïs M Duffaud
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of postnatal depression (PND) is significant: reaching up to 20% in the general population. In mechanistic terms, the risk of PND lies in an interaction between a maternal psychophysiological vulnerability and a chronic environmental context of stress. On the one hand, repetition of stressor during pregnancy mimics a chronic stress model that is relevant to the study of the allostatic load and the adaptive mechanisms. On the other hand, vulnerability factors reflect a psychological profile mirroring mindfulness functioning (psychological quality that involves bringing one's complete and non-judgemental attention to the present experience on a moment-to-moment basis)...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723768/physical-activity-in-pregnancy-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-in-a-multiethnic-cohort
#19
Nilam Shakeel, Kåre Rønn Richardsen, Egil W Martinsen, Malin Eberhard-Gran, Kari Slinning, Anne Karen Jenum
INTRODUCTION: There is strong evidence that postpartum depression is associated with adverse health effects in the mother and infant. Few studies have explored associations between physical activity in pregnancy and postpartum depression. We aimed to investigate whether physical activity during pregnancy was inversely associated with postpartum depressive symptoms, PPDS in a multiethnic sample. METHOD: Population-based, prospective cohort of 643 pregnant women (58% ethnic minorities) attending primary antenatal care from early pregnancy to postpartum in Oslo between 2008 and 2010...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723593/sex-dependent-impact-of-different-degrees-of-maternal-separation-experience-on-oft-behavioral-performances-after-adult-chronic-unpredictable-mild-stress-exposure-in-rats
#20
Yanyan Wei, Gaohua Wang, Huiling Wang, Jing He, Nan Zhang, Zuotian Wu, Ling Xiao, Can Yang
Early-life social-environmental factors are important for normal development, and different degrees of early-life stress experience have different impacts on adult behaviors and stress responsiveness. The aim of present study was to investigate the long-term effects of different degrees of maternal separation (MS) on male and female rats and subsequent responsiveness to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) exposure in adults. Sprague-Dawley (SD) newborn pups were exposed to either 15 min/day of MS (MS15), 360 min/day of MS (MS360) or no separation (NS) during postnatal day (PND)4-PND10...
April 30, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
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