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Postnatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431685/galr3-mediates-galanin-proliferative-effects-on-postnatal-hippocampal-precursors
#1
D Khan, M Khan, Johan Runesson, M Zaben, W P Gray
Galanin, a neuropeptide co-released from noradrenergic and serotonergic projection neurons to the dentate gyrus, has recently emerged as an important mediator for signaling neuronal activity to the subgranular neurogenic stem cell niche supporting adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Galanin and its receptors appear to play key roles in depression-like behavior, and effects on hippocampal neurogenesis are relevant to pharmacological strategies for treating depression, which in part appear to rely on restoring altered neurogenesis...
April 5, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431269/oxytocin-in-the-postnatal-period-associations-with-attachment-and-maternal-caregiving
#2
Jane Kohlhoff, Valsamma Eapen, Mark Dadds, Feroza Khan, Derrick Silove, Bryanne Barnett
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the associations of maternal oxytocin, self-reported attachment insecurity and depressive symptoms with maternal caregiving sensitivity at 3-4months postpartum, observed during the 'free play' and 'reunion' episodes of the Still Face Procedure. METHODS: 112 mothers completed questionnaires and gave blood samples to determine oxytocin plasma levels before (time 1) and after participating in the Still Face Procedure with their infant (time 2)...
March 27, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419979/clinical-profile-of-persistent-genito-pelvic-postpartum-pain
#3
Jaclyn Cappell, Caroline F Pukall
OBJECTIVE*: the primary aim was to describe the pain characteristics of persistent genito-pelvic postpartum pain (PPP) and compare these characteristics by mode of delivery. The secondary aim was to incorporate psychosocial variables into the conceptualization of PPP by exploring the relationship among postpartum depressive symptoms, fatigue, and PPP. DESIGN: cross-sectional study design. SETTING: online survey. PARTICIPANTS: 106 women recruited from the community who gave birth within twelve months prior to completing the survey...
April 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419536/characteristics-and-related-factors-of-japanese-mothers-who-have-faced-difficulties-with-childrearing
#4
Kyoko Yoshioka-Maeda, Mariko Kuroda
OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics of mothers who face difficulties with childrearing. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional study. During 2014, 221 mothers and 248 children living in City A within the Tokyo metropolis were registered as requiring help with childrearing. Nursing records of 205 mothers (92.8%) and their 227 children (91.5%) were available. We excluded 29 mothers and children owing to incomplete data for a final sample of 176 mothers (79.6%) and 198 children (79...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419444/a-self-determination-theory-perspective-on-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-early-parenting-behaviors
#5
Katrijn Brenning, Bart Soenens
OBJECTIVE: On the basis of self-determination theory, this study investigates longitudinal associations between satisfaction and frustration mothers' basic psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, relatedness, competence) and mothers' postnatal depressive symptoms and early parenting behaviors. METHOD: Participants were 214 women assessed during their pregnancy (Time 1), 4 months after delivery (Time 2), and when the child was 2 years old (Time 3). RESULTS: Results demonstrate effects of prenatal basic psychological needs (needs frustration more specifically) on postnatal depressive symptoms...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417685/independent-socio-demographic-and-clinical-correlates-associated-with-the-perception-of-quality-of-life-of-women-with-postpartum-depressionin-north-central-nigeria
#6
Friday Tungchama, Christopher Piwuna, Aishatu Armiya'u, Yusufu Maigari, Francis Davou, Suwa Goar, Musa Umar, Suleiman Sadiq, Emmanuel Ojih, Richard Uwakwe
OBJECTIVE: Quality of life (QoL) is probably the most desired outcome of all health care policies and monitoring. This concept is seldom used on women in the postpartum, especially in the developing world. AIM: This study aimed at determining the independent socio-clinical variables associated with the perception of QoL of women with postpartum depression. METHODS: A two-stage cross-sectional procedure was used to recruit 550 participants, out of whom 531 participants completed the questionnaires with 116 participants found to have postpartum depression and were the studied population, in Nigeria...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414017/the-prevalence-of-antenatal-and-postnatal-co-morbid-anxiety-and-depression-a-meta-analysis
#7
K Falah-Hassani, R Shiri, C-L Dennis
To date, the precise prevalence of co-morbidity of anxiety and depression in the perinatal period is not well known. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of co-morbid anxiety and depression in the antenatal and postnatal periods. Systematic searches of multiple electronic databases were conducted for studies published between January 1950 and January 2016. We included 66 (24 published and 42 unpublished) studies incorporating 162 120 women from 30 countries. Prevalence of self-reported antenatal anxiety symptoms and mild to severe depressive symptoms was 9...
April 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410627/polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Pao-Yen Lin, Cheng-Ho Chang, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Helen Chen, Kuan-Pin Su
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 (or n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are promising antidepressant treatments for perinatal depression (PND) because of supporting evidence from clinical trials, the advantage in safety, and their anti-inflammatory and neuroplastic effects. Although several observational studies have shown n-3 PUFA deficits in women with PND, the results of individual PUFAs from different studies were inconsistent. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to compare the levels of PUFA indices, including eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid, arachidonic acid, total n-3, total n-6, and the n-6/n-3 ratio between women with PND and healthy control subjects...
March 9, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406660/maternal-pre-and-postnatal-mental-health-and-infant-development-in-war-conditions-the-gaza-infant-study
#9
Raija-Leena Punamäki, Safwat Y Diab, Sanna Isosävi, Saija Kuittinen, Samir R Qouta
OBJECTIVE: Women and their infants need special protection in war context, as traumatic events can risk maternal mental and obstetric health and compromise infant development. This prospective study examined, first, how exposure to war trauma is associated with maternal mental health in pregnancy and postpartum, obstetric and newborn health, and infant development. Second, it tested the role of maternal mental health and obstetric risks in mediating between war trauma and infant development...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403801/iga-igm-responses-to-gram-negative-bacteria-are-not-associated-with-perinatal-depression-but-with-physio-somatic-symptoms-and-activation-of-the-tryptophan-catabolite-pathway-at-the-end-of-term-and-postnatal-anxiety
#10
Roomruangwong Chutima, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, George Anderson, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Michael Maes
Evidence has implicated the translocation of commensal Gram-negative bacteria (Gram-B) due to leaky gut in the pathophysiology of depression and physio-somatic symptoms (e.g. fatigue, pain, irritable bowel syndrome, malaise, etc.). In addition, the leaky gut may contribute to immune-inflammatory activation and oxidative stress. This study investigated whether bacterial translocation is associated with perinatal depression and anxiety scores and with prenatal physio-somatic symptoms and immune-inflammatory biomarkers, including the tryptophan catabolite (TRYCAT) pathway...
April 7, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403453/profile-of-maternal-smokers-who-quit-during-pregnancy-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-tasmanian-women-2011-2013
#11
Mai Frandsen, Megan Thow, Stuart G Ferguson
Introduction: Smoking remains the single-most significant preventable cause of poor pregnancy outcomes, yet around 12% of Australian women smoke during pregnancy. Many women are motivated to quit when they find out they are pregnant, yet few are successful. While previous studies have examined the profile of the maternal smoker compared to her nonsmoking counterpart (Aim 1), little is known about what differentiates women who quit during pregnancy to those who do not (Aim 2). Here, we present results from a study investigating the characteristics of women who were able to quit during pregnancy...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403324/screening-and-diagnosing-postpartum-depression-when-and-how
#12
REVIEW
Gustavo Paranhos de Albuquerque Moraes, Laura Lorenzo, Gabriela Arruda Reinaux Pontes, Maria Cristina Montenegro, Amaury Cantilino
Introduction: Prevalence rates of postpartum depression (PPD) vary widely, depending on the methodological parameters used in studies: differences in study populations, diagnostic methods, and postpartum time frame. There is also no consensus on the ideal time to perform screening, on whether PPD can only be diagnosed in the early postnatal period, or on how soon after a delivery depression may be related to it. Objective: To review which instruments have been used over recent years to screen and diagnose PPD and the prevailing periods of diagnosis...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403320/a-proposal-for-a-new-brazilian-six-item-version-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Maicon Rodrigues Albuquerque, Humberto Corrêa, Tiago Castro E Couto, Wallace Santos, Marco Aurelio Romano-Silva, Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos
Introduction: Factor analysis of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) could result in a shorter and easier to handle screening tool. Therefore, the aim of this study was to check and compare the metrics of two different 6-item EPDS subscales. Methods: We administered the EPDS to a total of 3,891 women who had given birth between 1 and 3 months previously. We conducted confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses and plotted receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curves to, respectively, determine construct validity, scale items' fit to the data, and ideal cutoff scores for the short versions...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402697/the-prenatal-distress-measure-adaptation-of-the-postpartum-distress-measure-for-a-prenatal-sample
#14
Niela M Hirsch, Randy Fingerhut, Kelly C Allison
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a significant transition period for women that can be markedly stressful. The presence of elevated depressed mood and anxiety during pregnancy places mothers, fetuses, and neonates at greater risk for developing biological and psychological difficulties. It appears that no general measures of distress currently exist that can be used to screen for both prenatal anxiety and mood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study explores the applicability of postpartum distress measure (PDM), a validated general distress postpartum screening tool, in a prenatal sample...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399791/highly-palatable-food-access-during-adolescence-increased-anxiety-depression-like-behaviors-in-male-but-not-in-female-rats
#15
Jin Young Kim, Doyun Kim, Kyungpyo Park, Jong-Ho Lee, Jeong Won Jahng
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to examine the sexual dimorphic effects of highly palatable food (HPF) access during adolescence on the neurochemistry and depression-/anxiety-like behaviors of rats. METHODS: Male and female Sprague-Dawley pups had free access to chocolate cookie rich in fat (HPF) from postnatal day 28 in addition to ad libitum chow, and the control groups received only chow. The food conditions were continued throughout the entire experimental period, and the neurochemical and behavioral measurements were performed during young adulthood...
April 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397629/the-impact-of-life-stress-on-adult-depression-and-anxiety-is-dependent-on-gender-and-timing-of-exposure
#16
Carly E Herbison, Karina Allen, Monique Robinson, John Newnham, Craig Pennell
There is debate about the relative importance of timing of stressful events prenatally and over the life course and risk for subsequent depressive/anxious illness. The aim of this study was to examine the relative roles of prenatal stress and postnatal stress trajectories in predicting depression and anxiety in early adulthood in males and females. Exposure to life stress events was examined in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study during pregnancy and ages 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 10, 14, and 17 years...
April 11, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396287/ability-of-palatable-food-consumption-to-buffer-against-the-short-and-long-term-behavioral-consequences-of-social-defeat-exposure-during-juvenility-in-rats
#17
J C MacKay, P Kent, J S James, C Cayer, Z Merali
In adult rats, access to a palatable diet can buffer against the effects of stressors. Approximately 10% of all adolescents are repeatedly victimized by their peers raising the possibility that palatable food consumption may be relevant to this developmental window. This study assessed the long-term impact of juvenile social defeat exposure on anxiety and depressive-like behavior and whether daily limited access to a palatable diet moderated these behavioral consequences. We also investigated the impact of the palatable diet on behavior during the defeat sessions...
April 7, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395692/validation-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-for-use-with-young-childbearing-women
#18
Kira Friesen, Wendy E Peterson, Janet Squires, Cathryn Fortier
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was created specifically to screen for perinatal depression. The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of the EPDS for use in a population of pregnant and postpartum 14- to 24-year-olds in Canada. METHODS: The Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing was used as the psychometric framework to assess the validity, reliability, and acceptability of responses obtained using the EPDS with pregnant and postpartum adolescents and young adults...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395209/maternal-depression-and-personality-traits-in-association-with-child-neuropsychological-and-behavioral-development-in-preschool-years-mother-child-cohort-rhea-study-in-crete-greece
#19
Katerina Koutra, Theano Roumeliotaki, Andriani Kyriklaki, Mariza Kampouri, Katerina Sarri, Maria Vassilaki, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Leda Chatzi
BACKGROUND: Poor perinatal maternal mental health has been linked with negative outcomes on early child development; however, the importance of maternal personality has been neglected thus far. We aimed to examine the effects of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health, including assessment of maternal personality characteristics, on child neuropsychological and behavioral development at preschool years in a population based mother-child cohort (Rhea Study) in Crete, Greece. METHOD: Self-reported measures of maternal depression (EPDS), trait anxiety (STAI-Trait) and personality traits (EPQ-R) were assessed in a sample of 288 women at 28-32 weeks of gestation...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393283/association-of-gender-disadvantage-factors-and-gender-preference-with-antenatal-depression-in-women-a-cross-sectional-study-from-rural-maharashtra
#20
Pallavi Shidhaye, Rahul Shidhaye, Vaishali Phalke
PURPOSE: Maternal depression is a major public health problem in low- and middle-income countries including India. Very few studies have assessed association of various risk factors with antenatal depression in rural Indian women, especially the effect of marital conflict, gender disadvantage and gender preference on antenatal depression. This paper describes the prevalence of probable antenatal depression in rural Maharashtra, a state in the western part of India and specifically assesses the association of marital and gender disadvantage factors and gender preference for a male child with antenatal depression...
April 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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