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Postnatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331695/depression-and-playfulness-in-fathers-and-young-infants-a-matched-design-comparison-study
#1
Vaheshta Sethna, Lynne Murray, Olivia Edmondson, Jane Iles, Paul G Ramchandani
BACKGROUND: Depression in fathers in the postnatal period is associated with an increased risk of some adverse child developmental outcomes. One possible mechanism for the familial transmission of risk is through the negative effects of depression on parenting and the parent-child relationship. So far, evidence indicates that depressed fathers tend to be more withdrawn in their early interactions. However, the interaction dimensions studied to date may not be able to detect and accurately classify unique features of father-infant play - including physically stimulating and highly rousing episodes of play...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327321/preliminary-psychometric-testing-of-the-postpartum-depression-predictors-inventory-revised-pdpi-r-in-portuguese-women
#2
Stephanie Alves, Ana Fonseca, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Marco Pereira
Introduction Postpartum depression (PPD) is a prevalent condition with a serious impact. The early identification of women at risk for developing PPD allows for primary prevention and the delivery of timely appropriate referrals. This study investigated the validity and reliability of the postnatal version of the Postpartum Depression Predictors Inventory-Revised (PDPI-R), an instrument widely studied internationally, in Portuguese women. Methods The sample consisted of 204 women who participated in an online cross-sectional survey...
January 11, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327094/association-between-secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-quality-of-life-in-pregnant-women-and-postpartum-women-and-the-consequences-on-the-newborns
#3
Rasmon Kalayasiri, Waranya Supcharoen, Pichanan Ouiyanukoon
PURPOSE: Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is prevalent and could damage the health of non-smokers, especially that of pregnant women (PW) and postpartum women (PPW). Nevertheless, there is no study on the impact of SHS during pregnancy on the quality of life (QOL) of PW and PPW. The study's purpose is to study the effects of exposure to SHS on the QOL of pregnant and postpartum women and health of the newborns. METHODS: Self-reports and urine tests for cotinine were used to obtain data on SSH exposure in 296 women in the second trimester of pregnancy and 106 women in the postpartum period at the Obstetrics & Gynecology Clinic located in a university hospital...
January 11, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326893/treadmill-exercise-ameliorates-social-isolation-induced-depression-through-neuronal-generation-in-rat-pups
#4
Jung-Wan Cho, Sun-Young Jung, Sang-Won Lee, Sam-Jun Lee, Tae-Beom Seo, Young-Pyo Kim, Dae-Young Kim
Social isolation is known to induce emotional and behavioral changes in animals and humans. The effect of treadmill exercise on depression was investigated using social isolated rat pups. The rat pups in the social isolation groups were housed individually. The rat pups in the exercise groups were forced to run on treadmill for 30 min once a day from postnatal day 21 to postnatal day 34. In order to evaluate depression state of rat pups, forced swimming test was performed. Newly generated cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus were determined by 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) immunohistochemistry...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322200/prospective-associations-between-recalled-parental-bonding-and-perinatal-depression-a-cohort-study-in-urban-and-rural-turkey
#5
Berker Duman, Vesile Senturk Cankorur, Clare Taylor, Robert Stewart
PURPOSE: Recalled experiences of parental bonding may be important in the aetiology of perinatal depression. We hypothesized that lower recalled parental bonding would be associated with perinatal depression. METHOD: In a cohort study of perinatal depression in Turkey, 677 women were recruited in their third trimester. Parental Bonding Inventory (PBI) scores at baseline were investigated as predictors of depression on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at 4, 14 and 21 months after childbirth in mothers without depression at baseline...
January 10, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321127/effectiveness-of-a-technology-based-supportive-educational-parenting-program-on-parental-outcomes-in-singapore-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Shefaly Shorey, Yvonne Peng Mei Ng, An Ling Siew, Joanne Yoong, Evalotte Mörelius
BACKGROUND: Supportive educational programs during the perinatal period are scarce in Singapore. There is no continuity of care available in terms of support from community care nurses in Singapore. Parents are left on their own most of the time, which results in a stressful transition to parenthood. There is a need for easily accessible technology-based educational programs that can support parents during this crucial perinatal period. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the study protocol of a randomized controlled trial on a technology-based supportive educational parenting program...
January 10, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316996/a-randomised-trial-of-early-palliative-care-for-maternal-stress-in-infants-prenatally-diagnosed-with-single-ventricle-heart-disease
#7
Hayley S Hancock, Ken Pituch, Karen Uzark, Priya Bhat, Carly Fifer, Maria Silveira, Sunkyung Yu, Suzanne Welch, Janet Donohue, Ray Lowery, Ranjit Aiyagari
Children with single-ventricle disease experience high mortality and complex care. In other life-limiting childhood illnesses, paediatric palliative care may mitigate maternal stress. We hypothesised that early palliative care in the single-ventricle population may have the same benefit for mothers. In this pilot randomised trial of early palliative care, mothers of infants with prenatal single-ventricle diagnoses completed surveys measuring depression, anxiety, coping, and quality of life at a prenatal visit and neonatal discharge...
January 10, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310065/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-their-association-to-postpartum-depression
#8
Bathsheba Mahenge, Heidi Stöckl, Mucho Mizinduko, Jacob Mazalale, Albrecht Jahn
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and intimate partner violence (IPV) are recognized global health problems. Both ACEs and IPV have been linked to adverse physical and mental health problems for both mothers and infants. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical and/or sexual ACEs and IPV and their association to symptoms of postpartum depression among postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in three health centers in the three districts of Dar es Salaam, comprising Ilala, Kinondoni and Temeke...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307706/iron-deficiency-and-risk-of-maternal-depression-in-pregnancy-an-observational-study
#9
Manish Dama, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Gabriella Mattina, Meir Steiner
OBJECTIVE: Maternal depression during pregnancy can affect both the mother and her family. Although research has suggested that iron deficiency is associated with depression in the general population, this link has not been examined during the antenatal period. Our objective was to determine whether iron deficiency is associated with maternal depression during middle to late pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using the medical records of patients seen at the Women's Health Concerns Clinic at St...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303230/planned-birth-at-or-near-term-for-improving-health-outcomes-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-and-their-infants
#10
REVIEW
Linda M Biesty, Aoife M Egan, Fidelma Dunne, Eugene Dempsey, Pauline Meskell, Valerie Smith, G Meabh Ni Bhuinneain, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to experience adverse health outcomes such as pre-eclampsia or polyhydramnios (excess amniotic fluid). Their babies are also more likely to have health complications such as macrosomia (birthweight > 4000 g) and being large-for-gestational age (birthweight above the 90th percentile for gestational age). Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term in women with gestational diabetes to minimise perinatal complications, especially those related to macrosomia...
January 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302206/maternal-separation-does-not-produce-a-significant-behavioral-change-in-mice
#11
Shawn Tan, Hin San Ho, Anna Yoonsu Song, Joey Low, Hyunsoo Shawn Je
Early life adversities together with genetic predispositions have been associated with elevated risks of neuropsychiatric disorders during later life. In order to investigate the underlying mechanisms, many chronic, early-life stress paradigms in multiple animal models have been developed. Previously, studies reported that maternal separation (MS) in the early postnatal stages triggers depression-and/or anxiety-like behaviors in rats. However, similar studies using mice have reported inconsistent behavioral outcomes...
December 2017: Experimental Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298365/associations-of-prepregnancy-morbid-obesity-and-prenatal-depression-with-gestational-weight-gain
#12
Hema Chagarlamudi, Juhee Kim, Edward Newton
OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy outcomes and infant growth and development are influenced by various prenatal and postnatal factors. Gestational weight gain (GWG) is an important indicator of pregnancy management and outcomes. Information about the interaction between prenatal obesity and depression on GWG among low-income women is limited. There also is a lack of information about morbid obesity and GWG. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of prepregnancy weight status, including morbid obesity as a separate group, and prenatal depression with GWG using electronic medical records in an academic prenatal clinic serving a largely low-income population...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294818/impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-on-infant-temperament
#13
Maigun Edhborg, Hashima E-Nasreen, Zarina Nahar Kabir
Intimate partner violence (IPV) during the first year postpartum is common in Bangladesh, and many infants are exposed to hostile and aggressive environment. The aim of the current study was to investigate how IPV (physical, emotional, and sexual) impacts on the mother's perception of her infant's temperament 6 to 8 months postpartum, and whether maternal depressive symptom at 6 to 8 months postpartum is a mediator in this association. A total of 656 rural Bangladeshi women and their children 6 to 8 months postpartum were included in this study...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289968/screening-for-maternal-postpartum-depression-and-associationswith-personality-traits-and-social-support-a-polish-follow-upstudy-4-weeks-and-3-months-after-delivery
#14
Karolina Maliszewska, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Mariola Bidzan, Preis Krzysztof
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the likelihood of postpartum depression and to explore maternal characteristics in terms of personality, social support and other medical and psychological data. METHODS: A sample of 548 patients was investigated 4 weeks and 3 months after delivery. They responded to questionnaires containing sociodemographic questions: the EPDS (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), theNEO-FFI (Personality Inventory), and the BSSS (Berlin Social Support Scales)...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277063/effect-of-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-women-who-are-pregnant
#15
Goma Kumari Khatri, Thach Duc Tran, Sushil Baral, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Antenatal mental health problems are of concern globally not only because of the burden and limits to participation experienced by women but also because of risks for foetal neurocognitive development and adverse birth outcomes. The aim was to describe the indicative prevalence of and risk and protective factors for clinically-significant symptoms of antenatal common mental disorders (CMDs) among women who experienced the 2015 Nepal earthquakes during pregnancy. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study in Bhaktapur, one of 14 districts highly affected by the 2015 Nepal earthquakes...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258541/intravenous-iron-vs-blood-for-acute-post-partum-anaemia-iibappa-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#16
Seng Chua, Sarika Gupta, Jennifer Curnow, Beata Gidaszewski, Marjan Khajehei, Hayley Diplock
BACKGROUND: Acute post-partum anaemia can be associated with significant morbidity including a predisposition for postnatal depression. Lack of clear practice guidelines means a number of women are treated with multiple blood transfusions. Intravenous iron has the potential to limit the need for multiple blood transfusions but its role in the post-partum setting is unclear. METHODS/DESIGN: IIBAPPA is a multi-centre randomised non-inferiority trial. Women with a primary post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) >1000 mL and resultant haemoglobin (Hb) 5...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248211/influence-of-ad-libitum-milk-replacer-feeding-and-butyrate-supplementation-on-the-systemic-and-hepatic-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-and-its-binding-proteins-in-holstein-calves
#17
D Frieten, C Gerbert, C Koch, G Dusel, K Eder, A Hoeflich, B Mielenz, H M Hammon
Ad libitum milk feeding and butyrate (B) supplementation have the potential to stimulate postnatal growth and development in calves. The somatotropic axis is the main endocrine regulator of postnatal growth and may be affected by both ad libitum milk replacer (MR) feeding and B supplementation in calves. We hypothesized that ad libitum MR feeding and B supplementation stimulate systemic and hepatic insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF binding proteins (IGFBP) in preweaning calves. Sixty-four (32 male, 32 female) Holstein calves were examined from birth until wk 11 of life...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246364/assessment-of-carina-position-antenatally-and-postnatally-in-infants-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#18
Jason Gien, Mariana L Meyers, John P Kinsella
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether endotracheal tube (ETT) insertion depth should be modified in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) to reduce the risk of main-stem intubation. STUDY DESIGN: The distance from the thoracic inlet to the carina was measured antenatally by fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) between 20-28 weeks' (early) and 30-34 weeks' (late) gestation in 30 infants with CDH and compared with 12 early and 36 late MRIs in control infants without CDH...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246185/early-life-adversity-and-long-term-neurobehavioral-outcomes-epigenome-as-a-bridge
#19
REVIEW
Alexander M Vaiserman, Alexander K Koliada
Accumulating evidence suggests that adversities at critical periods in early life, both pre- and postnatal, can lead to neuroendocrine perturbations, including hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysregulation and inflammation persisting up to adulthood. This process, commonly referred to as biological embedding, may cause abnormal cognitive and behavioral functioning, including impaired learning, memory, and depressive- and anxiety-like behaviors, as well as neuropsychiatric outcomes in later life. Currently, the regulation of gene activity by epigenetic mechanisms is suggested to be a key player in mediating the link between adverse early-life events and adult neurobehavioral outcomes...
December 16, 2017: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241049/prenatal-maternal-mood-patterns-predict-child-temperament-and-adolescent-mental-health
#20
Laura M Glynn, Mariann A Howland, Curt A Sandman, Elysia P Davis, Michael Phelan, Tallie Z Baram, Hal S Stern
BACKGROUND: This study quantifies the dynamics of maternal mood focusing on unpredictability, and to assess if greater unpredictability of prenatal maternal mood predicts child temperament and internalizing symptoms through early adolescence. METHODS: The association between prenatal mood predictability and child internalizing symptoms were assessed in two longitudinal cohorts (N's = 227 and 180). Maternal mood was assessed repeatedly during pregnancy as early as 15 weeks' gestation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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