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Postnatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532261/abo-blood-types-and-postpartum-depression-among-chinese-women-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-tianjin-china
#1
Chunhua Song, Junhong Leng, Leishen Wang, Wei Li, Shuang Zhang, Wei Wang, Pingying Liu, Jing Zhang, Bin Xie, Weidong Li, Juliana Cn Chan, Xilin Yang
Postpartum depression is associated with adverse consequences for mother and offspring. The heritable ABO blood group has been associated with multiple diseases, including mental illness and diabetes. We explored the association of ABO blood group and postpartum depressive symptoms (PPDS) in a population-based cohort of pregnant Chinese women. From 2010 to August 2012, we recruited 8842 pregnant women with a mean age of 28.5 years (SD: 2.94) and mean body mass index of 22.4kg/m(2) (SD: 3.45) in Tianjin, China...
May 22, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529052/prenatal-melamine-exposure-induces-impairments-of-spatial-cognition-and-hippocampal-synaptic-plasticity-in-female-adolescent-rats
#2
Lei An, Wei Sun
Developmental exposure to melamine induces long-term effects on brain and behavior in male rodents. To examine whether this prenatal event damages cognitive function in female offspring, we evaluated the behavioral effects and further attempted to investigate synaptic function. Prenatal melamine exposure (PME) was given by oral treatment to pregnant females through the whole gestational days with 400mg/day/kg bodyweight. On postnatal day (PD) 36, female offspring were assessed for spatial cognition in the Morris Water Maze (MWM) test...
May 18, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528457/exposure-to-parents-negative-emotions-as-a-developmental-pathway-to-the-family-aggregation-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-the-first-year-of-life
#3
REVIEW
Evin Aktar, Susan M Bögels
Depression and anxiety load in families. In the present study, we focus on exposure to parental negative emotions in first postnatal year as a developmental pathway to early parent-to-child transmission of depression and anxiety. We provide an overview of the little research available on the links between infants' exposure to negative emotion and infants' emotional development in this developmentally sensitive period, and highlight priorities for future research. To address continuity between normative and maladaptive development, we discuss exposure to parental negative emotions in infants of parents with as well as without depression and/or anxiety diagnoses...
May 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528143/intergenerational-accumulation-of-impairments-in-maternal-behavior-following-postnatal-social-stress
#4
B C Nephew, L M Carini, S Sallah, C Cotino, R A S Alyamani, F Pittet, S Bradburn, C Murgatroyd
Early adversity such as depressed maternal care can have long-term physiological and behavioral effects on offspring and future generations. Exposure to chronic social stress (CSS), an ethologically model of postpartum depression and anxiety, during lactation impairs maternal care and exerts similar effects on the F1 dam offspring of the stressed F0 dams. These changes associate with increased corticosterone and neuroendocrine alterations. CSS F2 offspring further display decreased social behavior as juveniles and adults and decreased basal levels of corticosterone...
May 13, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525876/discrete-category-of-mother-to-infant-bonding-disorder-and-its-identification-by-the-mother-to-infant-bonding-scale-a-study-in-japanese-mothers-of-a-1-month-old
#5
Asami Matsunaga, Fumie Takauma, Katsuhiko Tada, Toshinori Kitamura
BACKGROUND: Difficulty of maternal bonding towards a baby is widely recognised. It is unclear whether this phenomenon is dimensional or categorical. If categorical, an optimal cut-off score of a screening instrument is needed in clinical settings. AIMS: In this study, we investigated whether maternal bonding is dimensional or categorical phenomenon and try to set optimal cut-off score of screening instruments. METHODS: Self-report questionnaire studies were conducted in a general hospital and four antenatal clinics...
May 16, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525825/what-is-to-blame-for-postnatal-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-primiparous-women-pre-pregnancy-or-intrapartum-risk-factors
#6
Constantin M Durnea, Ali S Khashan, Louise C Kenny, Uliana A Durnea, James C Dornan, Suzanne M O'Sullivan, Barry A O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is still poorly understood. However childbearing is recognized as a major risk factor. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the natural history of PFD by investigating the impact of the mode of delivery on postnatal pelvic floor dysfunction in primiparas, when PFD existing before the first pregnancy is taken into consideration. STUDY DESIGN: 4P-study (Prevalence and Predictors of Pelvic floor dysfunction in Primips) is a prospective cohort study, nested within the Screening for Pregnancy Endpoints (SCOPE) study set in a tertiary referral teaching hospital with 9000 deliveries annually...
April 23, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511978/behavioural-outcomes-of-adult-female-offspring-following-maternal-stress-and-perinatal-fluoxetine-exposure
#7
Veronika Kiryanova, Sara J Meunier, Richard H Dyck
Depression, anxiety, and stress are common in pregnant women. One of the primary pharmacological treatments for anxiety and depression is the antidepressant fluoxetine (Flx). Maternal stress, depression, and Flx exposure are known to effect neurodevelopment of the offspring, however, their combined effects have been scarcely studied, especially in female offspring. The present study investigated the combined effects of maternal stress during pregnancy and perinatal exposure to Flx on the behaviour of female mice as adults...
May 13, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511050/maternal-distress-in-late-pregnancy-alters-obstetric-outcomes-and-the-expression-of-genes-important-for-placental-glucocorticoid-signalling
#8
Katie L Togher, Eimear Treacy, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Louise C Kenny
The experience of maternal distress in pregnancy is often linked with poorer obstetric outcomes for women as well as adverse outcomes for offspring. Alterations in placental glucocorticoid signalling and subsequent increased fetal exposure to cortisol have been suggested to underlie this relationship. In the current study, 121 pregnant women completed the Perceived Stress Scale, State Trait Anxiety Inventory and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale in the third trimester of pregnancy. Placental samples were collected after delivery...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501681/postnatal-paternal-involvement-and-maternal-emotional-disturbances-the-effect-of-maternal-employment-status
#9
Wan-Chien Lin, Shin-Yow Chang, Yi-Ting Chen, Hsin-Chien Lee, Yi-Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: Recently, studies have begun emphasizing paternal involvement during the perinatal period and its impact on maternal health. However, most studies have assessed maternal perception and focused on adolescents or minority groups in Western countries. Therefore, the current study investigated the association between paternal involvement and maternal postnatal depression and anxiety, along with the effects of maternal job status in the Asian society of Taiwan. METHODS: This study recruited pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy as well as their partners on prenatal visits from July 2011 to September 2013 at four selected hospitals in metropolitan areas of Taipei, Taiwan...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499915/early-life-stress-and-later-peer-distress-on-depressive-behavior-in-adolescent-female-rats-effects-of-a-novel-intervention-on-gaba-and-d2-receptors
#10
Jodi L Lukkes, Shirisha Meda, Britta S Thompson, Nadja Freund, Susan L Andersen
Early life adversity (ELA) increases the risk of depression during adolescence that may result from a decline in parvalbumin (PVB) secondary to increased neuroinflammation. In this study, we investigated depressive-like behavior following exposure to two different types of stressors that are relevant for their developmental period: 1) chronic ELA (maternal separation; MS) and 2) an acute emotional stressor during adolescence (witnessing their peers receive multiple shocks; WIT), and their interaction. We also determined whether reducing inflammation by cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibition would prevent the onset of depressive-like behavior...
May 9, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497035/postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-associated-factors-in-married-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-danang-city-vietnam
#11
Thang Van Vo, Thi Kim Duong Hoa, Tuyen Dinh Hoang
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) among women is a common mental health concern. It occurs at a time of major life change, coupled with the increased responsibilities associated with the care of a newborn infant. In Vietnam, the prevalence of depressive symptoms after giving birth has not been fully investigated. Research in the Northern provinces, in Ho Chi Minh City, and in Hue suggests postnatal depressive symptoms among women are common. This research aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of PPD symptoms among married women in one Vietnam city (Danang) and (2) identify the social and personal factors associated with postpartum depressive symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494391/living-with-parents-or-with-parents-in-law-and-postpartum-depression-a-preliminary-investigation-in-china
#12
Yue-Yun Wang, Hui Li, You-Jie Wang, Hong Wang, Yan-Ru Zhang, Lin Gong, Jian Ma, Yan Wang, Ming-Zhen Wang, Shi-Xian Qiu, Shi-Xin Yuan
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the association between puerperal women's living situation and postpartum depression. The aim of this study was to examine the association between living with parents or with parents-in-law and postpartum depression among Chinese puerperal women. METHODS: A total of 1126 participants who completed questionnaire were included in our analysis. Postpartum depression status was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490353/implementation-of-depression-screening-in-antenatal-clinics-through-tablet-computers-results-of-a-feasibility-study
#13
José S Marcano-Belisario, Ajay K Gupta, John O'Donoghue, Paul Ramchandani, Cecily Morrison, Josip Car
BACKGROUND: Mobile devices may facilitate depression screening in the waiting area of antenatal clinics. This can present implementation challenges, of which we focused on survey layout and technology deployment. METHODS: We assessed the feasibility of using tablet computers to administer a socio-demographic survey, the Whooley questions and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) to 530 pregnant women attending National Health Service (NHS) antenatal clinics across England...
May 10, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484692/intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-depression-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Ayano Miura, Takeo Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: The impact of intimate partner violence (IPV) on postpartum depression (PPD) has been reported in various countries by many studies. However, the association between IPV and PPD in Japan has been scarce. In addition to the limited number of research on the relationship between IPV and PPD, the number of women seeking help from IPV support centers has been steadily increasing in Japan. Hence, it is of interest to explore the relationship between IPV during pregnancy and PPD in Japan...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483674/the-postnatal-5-ht1a-receptor-regulates-adult-anxiety-and-depression-differently-via-multiple-molecules
#15
Chihiro Ishikawa, Takashi Shiga
Serotonin (5-HT) and the 5-HT1A receptor during development are known to modulate anxiety and depression in later life. However, the brain mechanisms linking the postnatal 5-HT system and adult behavior remain unknown. Here, we examined the effects of pharmacological 5-HT1A receptor activation during the postnatal period on anxiety and depression-like behavior in adult BALB/c male mice. To elucidate the underlying mechanisms, we measured mRNA expression of the 5-HT1A receptor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), GABAA receptor subunits, and AMPA receptor subunits in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), amygdala, and hippocampus...
May 5, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482901/prenatal-listening-to-songs-composed-for-pregnancy-and-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-a-pilot-study
#16
Chineze Nwebube, Vivette Glover, Lauren Stewart
BACKGROUND: Prenatal anxiety and depression are distressing for the expectant mother and can have adverse effects on her fetus and subsequently, her child. This study aimed to determine whether listening to specially composed songs would be an effective intervention for reducing symptoms of prenatal anxiety and depression. METHODS: Pregnant women were recruited online and randomly assigned to one of two groups: the music group (daily listening to specially composed songs) or control group (daily relaxation) for 12 weeks each...
May 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480799/the-relationship-between-employment-status-and-depression-symptomatology-among-women-at-risk-for-postpartum-depression
#17
Beth A Lewis, Lauren Billing, Katie Schuver, Dwenda Gjerdingen, Melissa Avery, Bess H Marcus
Approximately 13%-19% of new mothers report depression during the postpartum period. Returning to work after childbirth is associated with depression; however, it is unclear if this finding applies to women who are at high risk for postpartum depression. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between employment status and depression symptomatology among women at risk for postpartum depression (defined as personal or maternal history of depression). This study was a post hoc analysis from a previously conducted randomized controlled trial...
May 1, 2017: Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479962/effect-of-health-care-as-the-home-visiting-on-postpartum-depression-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Hourieh Shamshiri Milani, Parastoo Amiri, Maryam Mohsey, Esmat Davoudi Monfared, Seyyed Mohammadreza Vaziri, Akram Malekkhahi, Fatemeh Salmani
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is considered as a major health complication of women after delivery. It is necessary to find an essential approach for the prevention of its serious consequences on mothers' and infants' health. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of home visiting on postpartum depression. METHODS: The first stage of study was the design of postpartum package. According to the package, a clinical trial was performed for 276 mothers who had delivered in affiliated hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University in 2013 and were divided into two groups, i...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476427/clinical-phenotypes-of-perinatal-depression-and-time-of-symptom-onset-analysis-of-data-from-an-international-consortium
#19
Karen T Putnam, Marsha Wilcox, Emma Robertson-Blackmore, Katherine Sharkey, Veerle Bergink, Trine Munk-Olsen, Kristina M Deligiannidis, Jennifer Payne, Margaret Altemus, Jeffrey Newport, Gisele Apter, Emmanuel Devouche, Alexander Viktorin, Patrik Magnusson, Brenda Penninx, Anne Buist, Justin Bilszta, Michael O'Hara, Scott Stuart, Rebecca Brock, Sabine Roza, Henning Tiemeier, Constance Guille, C Neill Epperson, Deborah Kim, Peter Schmidt, Pedro Martinez, Arianna Di Florio, Katherine L Wisner, Zachary Stowe, Ian Jones, Patrick F Sullivan, David Rubinow, Kevin Wildenhaus, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: The perinatal period is a time of high risk for onset of depressive disorders and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, including maternal suicide. Perinatal depression comprises a heterogeneous group of clinical subtypes, and further refinement is needed to improve treatment outcomes. We sought to empirically identify and describe clinically relevant phenotypic subtypes of perinatal depression, and further characterise subtypes by time of symptom onset within pregnancy and three post-partum periods...
May 3, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476136/effect-of-supervised-exercise-in-groups-on-psychological-well-being-among-pregnant-women-at-risk-of-depression-the-ewe-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Lotte Broberg, Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Per Bech, Ann Tabor, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in nonpregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being...
May 5, 2017: Trials
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