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Postnatal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918774/dietary-patterns-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-uk-cohort-of-men-and-women-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Kate Northstone, Carol Joinson, Pauline Emmett
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence to suggest that individual components of dietary intake are associated with depressive symptoms. Studying the whole diet, through dietary patterns, has become popular as a way of overcoming intercorrelations between individual dietary components; however, there are conflicting results regarding associations between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms. We examined the associations between dietary patterns extracted using principal component analysis and depressive symptoms, taking account of potential temporal relationships...
September 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918249/perinatal-depression-and-dna-methylation-of-oxytocin-related-genes-a-study-of-mothers-and-their-children
#2
Leonora King, Stephanie Robins, Gang Chen, Volodymyr Yerko, Yi Zhou, Corina Nagy, Nancy Feeley, Ian Gold, Barbara Hayton, Gustavo Turecki, Phyllis Zelkowitz
The present study investigated the association of perinatal depression (PD) with differential methylation of 3 genomic regions among mother and child dyads: exon 3 within the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene and 2 intergenic regions (IGR) between the oxytocin (OXT) and vasopressin (AVP) genes. Maternal PD was assessed at 5 time-points during pregnancy and postpartum. Four groups were established based on Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) cut-off scores: no PD, prenatal or postpartum depressive symptoms only and persistent PD (depressive symptoms both prenatally and postpartum)...
September 13, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#3
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915376/psychometric-properties-of-the-postpartum-bonding-questionnaire-and-correlates-of-mother-infant-bonding-impairment-in-italian-new-mothers
#4
Alessandra Busonera, Stefania Cataudella, Jessica Lampis, Marco Tommasi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
OBJECTIVE: impaired maternal bonding is a risk factor for problems with infant well-being and development. The investigation of perinatal variables related to disorders of the mother-infant relationship as well as the administration of reliable and valid screening tools to new mothers in the postpartum can help identify early signs of a disturbed mother-child relationship. The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) has been shown to be a valid screening instrument, but its dimensional structure is still controversial...
September 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901367/effects-of-developmental-arsenite-exposure-on-hippocampal-synapses-in-mouse-offspring
#5
Fenghong Zhao, Yingjun Liao, Hongge Tang, Jie Piao, Gaoyang Wang, Yaping Jin
Arsenic exposure through drinking water can impair the learning and memory ability of children in China and other countries. Synaptic plasticity plays a key role in the process of learning and memory. Alterations in the expression of presynaptic and postsynaptic proteins can be used to evaluate synaptic plasticity, and further to evaluate impairment in learning and memory ability. Thereby, the aim of this study was to explore the mechanisms underlying arsenic neurotoxicity by focusing on alterations in the hippocampal synapses of mouse offspring induced by developmental arsenite exposure...
September 13, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892237/partners-of-nulliparous-women-with-severe-fear-of-childbirth-a-longitudinal-study-of-psychological-well-being
#6
Elsa Lena Ryding, Sanna Read, Hanna Rouhe, Erja Halmesmäki, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Riikka Toivanen, Maiju Tokola, Terhi Saisto
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the psychological status of partners of women with severe fear of childbirth (FOC). In this longitudinal study from Helsinki University Central Hospital, we investigated FOC, depression, and posttraumatic stress in the partners of women with severe FOC, and possible effects of group psychoeducation and mode of birth. METHODS: During pregnancy, 250 partners of nulliparous women with severe FOC participated, 93 in the intervention group and 157 in the control group...
September 11, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891432/neonatal-treatment-with-ovarian-hormones-and-suckling-among-distinct-litter-sizes-differential-effects-on-recognition-memory-and-spreading-depression-at-adulthood
#7
Noranege Epifânio Accioly, Rubem Carlos Araújo Guedes
OBJECTIVES: Ovarian hormones (OH) and early malnutrition may affect the developing brain, with repercussions on behavioral and excitability-dependent processes. However, the possible synergistic effects of both factors have not been analyzed. In this study, we investigated the effect of treatment in early life with OH and suckling among distinct litter sizes on recognition memory, anxiety behavior, and the excitability-dependent phenomenon known as cortical spreading depression (CSD)...
September 10, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890100/-postnatal-depression-and-relationship-with-the-cultural-world-in-tunisia
#8
Khouloud Ben Mohamed Gherbi, Marie Rose Moro, Riadh Ben Rejeb
Culture and the human spirit gain structure through their interactions with the cultural system. Indeed, individuals come from a culture which is unique to them and leaves its mark on them. In Tunisian concept, the young mother suffering from postnatal depression is considered to be possessed by the djinn spirit Kattous in-nfâs and treated using traditional rituals. It is important to take into account these aspects in the clinical psychopathology.
September 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886447/early-life-experience-contributes-to-the-developmental-programming-of-depressive-like-behaviour-neuroinflammation-and-oxidative-stress
#9
Gislaine Z Réus, Gabrielly C Fernandes, Airam B de Moura, Ritele H Silva, Ana Caroline Darabas, Thays G de Souza, Helena M Abelaira, Celso Carneiro, Diogo Wendhausen, Monique Michels, Bruna Pescador, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, Danielle S Macêdo, João Quevedo
This study used an animal model of depression induced by maternal care deprivation (MCD) to investigate whether depressive behaviour, neuroinflammation and oxidative stress were underlying factors in developmental programming after early life stress. At postnatal days (PND) 20, 30, 40, and 60, individual subsets of animals were evaluated in behavioural tests and then euthanized to assess cytokine levels and oxidative stress parameters in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), hippocampus and serum. The results showed that MCD did not induce behavioural changes at PND 30 and 40...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883785/early-postnatal-but-not-late-adult-neurogenesis-is-impaired-in-the-pitx3-mutant-animal-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Moritz D Brandt, Diana Krüger-Gerlach, Andreas Hermann, Anne K Meyer, Kwang-Soo Kim, Alexander Storch
The generation of new neurons in the adult dentate gyrus has functional implications for hippocampal formation. Reduced hippocampal neurogenesis has been described in various animal models of hippocampal dysfunction such as dementia and depression, which are both common non-motor-symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). As dopamine plays an important role in regulating precursor cell proliferation, the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) in PD may be related to the reduced neurogenesis observed in the neurogenic regions of the adult brain: subventricular zone (SVZ) and dentate gyrus (DG)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882072/women-s-experiences-of-exercise-as-a-treatment-for-their-postnatal-depression-a-nested-qualitative-study
#11
Ruth Pritchett, Kate Jolly, Amanda J Daley, Katrina Turner, Caroline Bradbury-Jones
Women with postnatal depression are often reluctant to take medication postnatally and access to psychological therapies is limited. Exercise offers a freely available treatment option but depressed mothers' experience of exercise has not been investigated. We conducted a qualitative study nested within a randomised trial of an exercise intervention for women with postnatal depression. Women described deterioration in their sense of identity postnatally and through experiencing depression and described the positive impact exercise had on their sense of self...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877770/first-trimester-antenatal-depression-and-anxiety-prevalence-and-associated-factors-in-an-urban-population-in-soweto-south-africa
#12
S Redinger, S A Norris, R M Pearson, L Richter, T Rochat
Depression and anxiety in the antenatal period are of public health concern given potential adverse effects for both mother and infant. Both are under-researched in the first trimester of pregnancy, especially in Africa. We examine the prevalence of first trimester antenatal depression and anxiety in a cohort of South African women and investigate associated risk factors. Data were collected from 946 women (2014-2016) in the Soweto First 1000 Days Cohort, a prospective pregnancy cohort in Soweto, South Africa...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866296/relation-of-plasma-tryptophan-concentrations-during-pregnancy-to-maternal-sleep-and-mental-well-being-the-gusto-cohort
#13
Linde van Lee, Shirong Cai, See Ling Loy, Elaine K H Tham, Fabian K P Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Lynette P C Shek, Oon Hoe Teoh, Daniel Y T Goh, Kok Hian Tan, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Helen Chen, Birit F P Broekman, Mary F F Chong
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests a relation between plasma tryptophan concentrations and sleep and mental well-being. As no studies have been performed in pregnant women, we studied the relation of plasma tryptophan concentrations during pregnancy with sleep quality, and mood during and after pregnancy. METHODS: Pregnant women (n = 572) from the Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes study completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) at 26-28 weeks gestation and three months post-delivery...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865282/social-capital-and-antenatal-depression-among-chinese-primiparas-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Chi Zhou, Atsushi Ogihara, Hao Chen, Weijue Wang, Liu Huang, Baodan Zhang, Xueni Zhang, Liangwen Xu, Lei Yang
The aim of this study is to investigate the associations between social capital and antenatal depression among Chinese primiparas. A cross-sectional design was used and a questionnaire survey was conducted with 1471 participants using the intercept method at the provincial hospital in Zhejiang in 2016. Antenatal depression was evaluated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and social capital was assessed by the Chinese version of Social Capital Assessment Questionnaire (C-SCAQ). The prevalence of antenatal depression was assessed among Chinese primiparas in their third trimesters...
August 24, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846961/prevalence-trends-of-pre-and-postnatal-depression-in-japanese-women-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#15
Kenji Takehara, Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Keiko Yoshida, Rintaro Mori, Naoko Kakee, Takahiko Kubo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the prevalence trends of pre- and postnatal depression, via measures of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) total and factor scores, from 20 weeks' gestation to 3 months postpartum, stratified by parity, in a Japanese female population. METHODS: A longitudinal, population-based study was conducted among perinatal women giving birth at maternity facilities in Setagaya area of Tokyo, Japan. Of the 1775 women who participated, 1311 women met the inclusion criteria of this analysis...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844350/high-incidence-of-body-image-dissatisfaction-in-pregnancy-and-the-postnatal-period-associations-with-depression-anxiety-body-mass-index-and-weight-gain-during-pregnancy
#16
Chutima Roomruangwong, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, Michael Maes
This study aimed to delineate the prevalence of body image dissatisfaction in pregnant women and parturients in relation to depression and anxiety symptoms. We assessed 126 pregnant women during the third trimester and 2-3days and 4-6weeks after delivery using the Body Image Scale (BIS). Many pregnant participants (34.1%) showed body image dissatisfaction (BIS score ≤3) which was associated with current antenatal depression, severity of depression, a lifetime history of mood disorders, trait anxiety, body mass index (BMI) and weight gain during pregnancy...
October 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843903/amygdala-volume-and-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-reactivity-to-social-stress
#17
Tom J Barry, Lynne Murray, Pasco Fearon, Christina Moutsiana, Tom Johnstone, Sarah L Halligan
The amygdala plays a central role in emotional processing and has an activating influence on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Structural changes in the amygdala have been associated with early adversity and, in principle, may contribute to the later emergence of emotional pathologies by influencing the way that the brain responds to stress provocation. The present study examined the relationship between amygdala volumes and cortisol secretion in response to a social stressor among young adults who were or were not exposed to maternal postnatal depression (PND) early in development (referred to as PND offspring and controls, respectively)...
July 21, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843870/trauma-and-traumatic-stress-in-a-sample-of-pregnant-women
#18
Bizu Gelaye, Qiu-Yue Zhong, Archana Basu, Elizabeth J Levey, Marta B Rondon, Sixto Sanchez, Karestan C Koenen, David C Henderson, Michelle A Williams
OBJECTIVE: To examine the construct validity of the 9 item Traumatic Events Questionnaire (TEQ) and to evaluate the extent to which experiences of trauma assessed using the TEQ are associated with symptoms of psychiatric disorders among 3342 pregnant women in Lima, Peru. METHODS: Symptoms of depression were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) while the PTSD Checklist-civilian (PCL-C) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) were used to assess symptoms of PTSD and generalized anxiety...
August 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842556/social-support-helps-protect-against-perinatal-bonding-failure-and-depression-among-mothers-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Masako Ohara, Takashi Okada, Branko Aleksic, Mako Morikawa, Chika Kubota, Yukako Nakamura, Tomoko Shiino, Aya Yamauchi, Yota Uno, Satomi Murase, Setsuko Goto, Atsuko Kanai, Tomoko Masuda, Masahiro Nakatochi, Masahiko Ando, Norio Ozaki
Causal relationships between perinatal bonding failure, depression, and social support among mothers remain unclear. A total of 494 women (mean age 32.4 ± 4.5 years) completed the Mother-Infant Bonding Questionnaire (MIBQ), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and the Japanese version of the Social Support Questionnaire in early pregnancy before week 25 (T1) and 1 month after delivery (T2). Our model of recursive structured equation modeling (SEM) showed acceptable fit (CMIN/df = 2.2, CFI = 0...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841756/gastroschisis-in-europe-a-case-malformed-control-study-of-medication-and-maternal-illness-during-pregnancy-as-risk-factors
#20
Joanne E Given, Maria Loane, Ester Garne, Vera Nelen, Ingeborg Barisic, Hanitra Randrianaivo, Babak Khoshnood, Awi Wiesel, Anke Rissmann, Catherine Lynch, Amanda J Neville, Anna Pierini, Marian Bakker, Kari Klungsoyr, Anna Latos Bielenska, Clara Cavero-Carbonell, Marie-Claude Addor, Natalya Zymak-Zakutnya, David Tucker, Helen Dolk
BACKGROUND: Gastroschisis, a congenital anomaly of the abdomen, is associated with young maternal age and has increased in prevalence in many countries. Maternal illness and medication exposure are among environmental risk factors implicated in its aetiology. METHODS: A population-based case-malformed control study was conducted using data from 18 European congenital anomaly registries, with information on first trimester medication use, covering 8 million births 1995-2012...
August 25, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
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