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Surgeons and hepatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921939/extreme-hepatic-resections-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-hepatoblastoma-are-planned-close-margins-an-acceptable-approach
#1
Adriana Fonseca, Abha Gupta, Furqan Shaikh, Raveena Ramphal, Vicky Ng, Ian McGilvray, J Ted Gerstle
BACKGROUND: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is considered the standard for children with hepatoblastoma (HB) in whom complete surgical resection is not possible. However, OLT is not always available or feasible. OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of children with HB who were initially deemed unresectable and underwent complex hepatectomy with planned close margins, and ultimately avoided OLT. METHODS: Demographic data, surgical and pathologic details, and survival information were collected from children treated for HB between January 2010 to December 2015...
September 17, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900442/impact-of-preoperative-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-cholangiography-on-postoperative-resection-margin-status-in-patients-operated-due-to-hilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#2
A Andert, P Bruners, C Heidenhain, F Ulmer, C D Klink, P H Alizai, C Kuhl, U P Neumann, M Binnebösel
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyse the value of 3-dimensional computed tomography cholangiography (3D-ERC) compared to conventional retrograde cholangiography in the preoperative diagnosis of hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) with special regard to the resection margin status (R0/R1). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All hepatic resections performed between January 2011 and November 2013 in patients with HC at the Department of General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery of the RWTH Aachen University Hospital were analysed...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875827/multiple-myeloma-associated-intestinal-amyloidosis-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-falsely-considered-as-an-ascites
#3
Vladimir Milivojevic, Maja Stojanovic, Ivan Rankovic, Marjan Micev, Rada Jesic Vukicevic, Tomica Milosavljevic
INTRODUCTION: Amyloidosis is a group of diseases pathohistologicaly diagnosed by characteristic extracellular deposition of an abnormal fibrillary protein (i.e. amyloid) into organs, leading to organ dysfunction secondary to destruction of normal tissue architecture. METHOD: Case-report of a 44 year-old female, presenting with massive abdominal distension clinically suspected of ascites. RESULTS: On admission, the patient was complaining of nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, distension and bloating associated with weight loss and diarrhea...
August 29, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869194/-how-to-manage-a-rectal-cancer-with-synchronous-liver-metastases-a-question-of-strategy
#4
V Vendrely, M Terlizzi, F Huguet, Q Denost, L Chiche, D Smith, J-B Bachet
The prognosis of patients with rectal cancer and synchronous liver metastasis has improved thanks to chemotherapy and rectal and liver surgery progresses. However, there is no consensus about optimal management and practices remain heterogeneous. A curative treatment may be considered for 20 to 30% of patients with complete resection of metastasis and primary tumor after induction chemotherapy. To this end, a primary optimal evaluation by a multidisciplinary board including hepatic and colorectal surgeons is crucial...
August 28, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843035/risk-prediction-of-post-hepatectomy-liver-failure-in-patients-with-perihilar-cholangiocarcinoma
#5
Eung Chang Lee, Sang-Jae Park, Sung-Sik Han, Jae Ryong Shim, Hyeong Min Park, Seung Duk Lee, Seong Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In most patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (PHCC), major hepatectomy and extrahepatic bile duct resection are needed for surgical radicality, and a high risk of hepatic insufficiency exists. This study aims to develop a prediction model for post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) in patients with PHCC. METHODS: A total of 143 patients who underwent major liver resection and extrahepatic bile duct resection for PHCC between October 2001 and December 2013 were included...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838451/hepatic-artery-reconstruction-using-3-in-1-segmental-resection-in-pediatric-living-donor-liver-transplantation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Y Luo, D Zhao, M Zhang, T Zhou, B-J Qiu, J-J Zhang, Q Xia
We report a transplant of the left lateral liver segments with 3 arteries for a pediatric recipient from a living donor. A 6-month-old female infant was diagnosed with liver cirrhosis secondary to biliary atresia and scheduled for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT; mother as donor). Left lateral hepatectomy was performed at the donor site. The dissection of the left hepatic artery (HA), which was divided immediately after its origin, showed 3 branches for segments II, III, and IV. The arteries for segment II, segment III, and segment IV were anastomosed to the recipient HA...
September 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836239/-reconsideration-of-hot-topics-on-laparoscopic-radical-gastrectomy
#7
Lu Zang, Junjun Ma, Minhua Zheng
Laparoscopic radical gastrectomy(LRG) has been popularized with the development of laparoscopic surgical techniques. As a result of the requirement of surgical skill of LRG, the evidence is always highly demanded. The surgical safety and radical resection of tumor is one of the most important principles. Based on published studies and authors' own experience, this article discusses the following topics on laparoscopic gastrectomy: (1)Indications of surgery: Laparoscopic gastrectomy for early gastric cancer is accepted all over the world...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834323/the-first-description-of-the-complete-natural-history-of-uveal-melanoma-by-two-scottish-surgeons-allan-burns-and-james-wardrop
#8
Tero T Kivelä
James Wardrop (1782-1869), a young Scottish surgeon and an early ophthalmologist in Edinburgh, is credited for describing in 1809 retinoblastoma as an entity in his treatise 'Observations on Fungus Haematodes or Soft Cancer'. His treatise also reveals that Allan Burns (1781-1813), another young Scottish surgeon and anatomist, had invited Wardrop to assist in enucleating an eye from a 41-year-old Glasgow woman who, in retrospect, had a uveal melanoma. Her eye had become blind 4 months after symptoms of exudative retinal detachment had appeared, and it had become painful after a further 2-4 months...
August 21, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822820/utility-of-3d-reconstruction-of-2d-liver-computed-tomography-magnetic-resonance-images-as-a-surgical-planning-tool-for-residents-in-liver-resection-surgery
#9
Caitlin T Yeo, Andrew MacDonald, Tamas Ungi, Andras Lasso, Diederick Jalink, Boris Zevin, Gabor Fichtinger, Sulaiman Nanji
OBJECTIVE: A fundamental aspect of surgical planning in liver resections is the identification of key vessel tributaries to preserve healthy liver tissue while fully resecting the tumor(s). Current surgical planning relies primarily on the surgeon's ability to mentally reconstruct 2D computed tomography/magnetic resonance (CT/MR) images into 3D and plan resection margins. This creates significant cognitive load, especially for trainees, as it relies on image interpretation, anatomical and surgical knowledge, experience, and spatial sense...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774659/significance-of-a-soft-coagulation-system-with-monopolar-electrode-for-hepatectomy-a-retrospective-two-institution-study-by-propensity-analysis
#10
Takeomi Hamada, Atsushi Nanashima, Koichi Yano, Yorihisa Sumida, Masahide Hiyoshi, Naoya Imamura, Shuichi Tobinaga, Yuki Tsuchimochi, Shinsuke Takeno, Yoshiro Fujii, Takeshi Nagayasu
BACKGROUND: The VIO soft-coagulation system (VIO) with a monopolar electrode is a novel hemostatic device that provides hemostasis by superficial contact at the bleeding site without carbonization. Because heat injury remains a concern, surgical records and postoperative liver dysfunction were retrospectively evaluated in a cohort study. METHODS: Between September 2010 and March 2016, 322 patients underwent hepatectomy in which hemostatic devices were used at two institutions...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767561/mixed-reality-in-visceral-surgery-development-of-a-suitable-workflow-and-evaluation-of-intraoperative-use-cases
#11
Igor M Sauer, Moritz Queisner, Peter Tang, Simon Moosburner, Ole Hoepfner, Rosa Horner, Rudiger Lohmann, Johann Pratschke
OBJECTIVE: The paper evaluates the application of a mixed reality (MR) headmounted display (HMD) for the visualization of anatomical structures in complex visceral-surgical interventions. A workflow was developed and technical feasibility was evaluated. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Medical images are still not seamlessly integrated into surgical interventions and, thus, remain separated from the surgical procedure.Surgeons need to cognitively relate 2-dimensional sectional images to the 3-dimensional (3D) during the actual intervention...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764707/delayed-anastomotic-leakage-following-laparoscopic-intersphincteric-resection-for-lower-rectal-cancer-report-of-four-cases-and-literature-review
#12
Masayoshi Iwamoto, Kenji Kawada, Koya Hida, Suguru Hasegawa, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is one of the most dreadful postoperative complications because it can result in increased morbidity and mortality as well as poorer long-term prognosis. Although most studies of AL limited their investigation time to a period of 30 days postoperatively, only a few studies have shown that AL can occur after that period. Here, we report four patients of rectal cancer with delayed AL following laparoscopic intersphincteric resection (ISR) and conduct a literature review on delayed AL...
August 1, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761475/the-helminths-causing-surgical-or-endoscopic-abdominal-intervention-a-review-article
#13
REVIEW
Erdal Uysal, Mehmet Dokur
BACKGROUND: Helminths sometimes require surgical or endoscopic intervention. Helminths may cause acute abdomen, mechanical intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, perforation, hepatitis, pancreatitis, and appendicitis. This study aimed to determine the surgical diseases that helminths cause and to gather, analyze the case reports, case series and original articles about this topic in literature. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective observational study...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756716/impact-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-on-health-related-quality-of-life-before-and-after-liver-transplantation-a-multidisciplinary-point-of-view
#14
Lucia Golfieri, Stefano Gitto, Maria Cristina Morelli, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Silvana Grandi, Pietro Andreone
Hepatitis C negatively changes patient quality of life even in the absence of advanced liver disease. The specific patterns of quality of life of hepatitis C positive patients waiting for transplant or after surgery are not widely studied. Areas covered: A significant percentage of infected patients show cognitive impairment, fatigue, and/or a 'brain fog', that cannot be explained by the liver disease. Depression can be diagnosed in one third of hepatitis C positive patients. Conflicting data are available regarding the possible role of Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score as predictor of impaired quality of life...
August 2017: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740847/fournier-s-gangrene-lessons-learned-from-multimodal-and-multidisciplinary-management-of-perineal-necrotizing-fasciitis
#15
Orestis Ioannidis, Loukiani Kitsikosta, Dimitris Tatsis, Ioannis Skandalos, Aggeliki Cheva, Aikaterini Gkioti, Ioannis Varnalidis, Savvas Symeonidis, Natalia Antigoni Savvala, Styliani Parpoudi, George K Paraskevas, Manousos George Pramateftakis, Efstathios Kotidis, Ioannis Mantzoros, Konstantinos George Tsalis
BACKGROUND: Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rapidly evolving necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum and the genital area, the scrotum as it most commonly affects man in the vast majority of cases. It is polymicrobial in origin, due to the synergistic action of anaerobes and aerobes and has a very high mortality. There are many predisposing factors including diabetes mellitus, alcoholism, immunosuppression, renal, and hepatic disease. The prognosis of the disease depends on a lot of factors including but not limited to patient age, disease extent, and comorbidities...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717906/undiagnosed-liver-fibrosis-in-patients-undergoing-pancreatoduodenectomy-for-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#16
Andrew Gdowski, Houssam Osman, Umar Butt, Steve Foster, Dhiresh Rohan Jeyarajah
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstruction of the biliary system may cause hepatic fibrosis and liver failure. The purpose of this study was to define the incidence of unrecognized liver fibrosis in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: Retrospective data were collected on patients undergoing PD during a 21-month period. Each patient had a core needle biopsy at the time of surgery by a hepatobiliary surgeon. RESULTS: This study identified 36 consecutive patients who were referred to a tertiary center and underwent pancreatoduodenectomy during a period of 21 months...
July 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709483/what-remains-to-surgeons-in-the-management-of-abdominal-tuberculosis-a-10-years-experience-in-an-endemic-area
#17
Rabii Noomene, Asma Ouakaa, Raja Jouini, Anis Ben Maamer, Abderraouf Cherif
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a common endemic disease in Tunisia. Abdominal location is rare. Early diagnosis of abdominal TB remains difficult due to its non-specific clinical presentations. The aim of our study is to highlight the characteristics of the different presentations, to characterize tools contributing to a positive preoperative diagnosis, and finally to assess the role of surgery in the management of this entity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review from 2005 to 2015 identified 90 cases of confirmed abdominal TB managed in the Department of General Surgery of the Habib Thameur Hospital...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701858/early-experience-in-starting-a-laparoscopic-liver-resection-program-in-greece
#18
Georgios C Sotiropoulos, Nikolaos Machairas, Ioannis D Kostakis, Paraskevas Stamopoulos, Petros Charalampoudis, Stylianos Kykalos, Gregory Kouraklis, Dimitrios Mantas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Laparoscopic liver resections (LLRs) have gained wider acceptance during the decade as safe and efficient procedures in the management of several benign and malignant diseases when performed by experienced surgeons. We report our initial institutional experience with LLRs performed by 1 certified hepatobiliary surgeon. METHODS: Patients undergoing LLRs by 1 senior hepatobiliary surgeon in our Institution during the period from January 2012 through January 2017 were prospectively sampled and retrospectively analyzed for the purposes of this study...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692470/is-annual-volume-enough-the-role-of-experience-and-specialization-on-inpatient-mortality-after-hepatectomy
#19
Daniel A Hashimoto, Yanik J Bababekov, Winta T Mehtsun, Sahael M Stapleton, Andrew L Warshaw, Keith D Lillemoe, David C Chang, Parsia A Vagefi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of subspecialty practice and experience on the relationship between annual volume and inpatient mortality after hepatic resection. BACKGROUND: The impact of annual surgical volume on postoperative outcomes has been extensively examined. However, the impact of cumulative surgeon experience and specialty training on this relationship warrants investigation. METHODS: The New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System inpatient database was queried for patients' ≥18 years who underwent wedge hepatectomy or lobectomy from 2000 to 2014...
October 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684160/looking-inward-the-impact-of-operative-time-on-graft-survival-after-liver-transplantation
#20
David D Lee, Jun Li, Guihua Wang, Kristopher P Croome, Justin M Burns, Dana K Perry, Justin H Nguyen, Wallace J Hopp, C Burcin Taner
BACKGROUND: Operative time often has been cited as an important factor for postoperative outcomes. Despite this belief, most efforts to improve liver transplant outcomes have largely focused on only patient and donor factors, and little attention has been paid on operative time. The primary objective of this project was to determine the impact of operative time on graft survival after liver transplant. METHODS: A retrospective review of 2,877 consecutive liver transplants performed at a single institution was studied...
July 3, 2017: Surgery
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