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Adolescent depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166647/the-reciprocal-relations-between-experiential-avoidance-school-stressor-and-psychological-stress-response-among-japanese-adolescents
#1
Kenichiro Ishizu, Yoshiyuki Shimoda, Tomu Ohtsuki
The present study aimed to investigate the reciprocal relations between experiential avoidance, stressor, and psychological stress response (which consist of anger, depression, anxiety, helplessness, and physical complaints). In this study, 688 Japanese junior high school students (353 boys, 334 girls, 1 unidentified; mean age 13.28 years) completed three waves of questionnaires on experiential avoidance, stressor, and psychological stress response, with one-week intervals between measurement waves. Results from cross-lagged panel analyses showed that experiential avoidance predicted subsequent stressor and psychological stress response...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166250/differences-by-sex-in-association-of-mental-health-with-video-gaming-or-other-nonacademic-computer-use-among-us-adolescents
#2
Hogan H Lee, Jung Hye Sung, Ji-Young Lee, Jae Eun Lee
INTRODUCTION: Although numerous studies have examined the association between playing video games and cognitive skills, aggression, and depression, few studies have examined how these associations differ by sex. The objective of our study was to determine differences by sex in association between video gaming or other nonacademic computer use and depressive symptoms, suicidal behavior, and being bullied among adolescents in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey on 15,624 US high school students...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165137/anorexia-nervosa-depression-and-suicidal-thoughts-among-chinese-adolescents-a-national-school-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Qiguo Lian, Xiayun Zuo, Yanyan Mao, Shan Luo, Shucheng Zhang, Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou, Weijin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Although there is much literature on adolescent suicide, combined effects of depression and anorexia nervosa on suicide were rarely investigated. The aims of this study are to examine the association between anorexia nervosa and suicidal thoughts and explore the interaction between anorexia nervosa and depression. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, in the study, a sample of 8,746 Chinese adolescents was selected by multistage stratified method in 2012/2013 from 20 middle schools in 7 provinces across China Mainland...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164828/attenuated-psychosis-and-basic-self-disturbance-as-risk-factors-for-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-adolescents
#4
Dan Koren, Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Liza Lacoua, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Aya Zelezniak, Josef Parnas, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adolescents at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis, as defined by the presence of attenuated psychosis symptoms (APS), exhibit increased levels of suicidal ideation and behaviour. However, no research thus far has examined the link between basic self-disturbances (SDs), an established marker for CHR, and suicidality/self-harm in this population. The goal of this pilot study was to assess the association between SD, depression and suicidal ideation and behaviour among non-help-seeking adolescents from the community...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164609/who-benefits-from-adolescent-sleep-interventions-moderators-of-treatment-efficacy-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#5
Matthew J Blake, Laura M Blake, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Joanna M Waloszek, Greg Murray, Julian G Simmons, Elizabeth Landau, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test moderators of therapeutic improvement in an adolescent cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based group sleep intervention. Specifically, we examined whether the effects of the program on postintervention sleep outcomes were dependent on participant gender and/or measures of sleep duration, anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy prior to the interventions. METHOD: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (female = 59...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164445/changes-in-depressive-symptoms-among-adolescents-with-asd-completing-the-peers-%C3%A2-social-skills-intervention
#6
Hillary K Schiltz, Alana J McVey, Bridget K Dolan, Kirsten S Willar, Sheryl Pleiss, Jeffrey S Karst, Audrey M Carson, Christina Caiozzo, Elisabeth M Vogt, Brianna D Yund, Amy Vaughan Van Hecke
Depression is a common concern among people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and is often associated with social skills and relationship challenges. The present data, from a randomized controlled trial, examined the effect of PEERS(®) on self-reported depressive symptoms via the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) among 49 adolescents with ASD. Findings revealed that many CDI subscale scores declined (p's < 0.05) and were related to direct social contact on the Quality of Socialization Questionnaire at posttest (p's < 0...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164438/brief-report-mapping-systems-of-support-and-psychological-well-being-of-mothers-of-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Jocelyn Kuhn, Katie Ford, Leann Smith Dawalt
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders are generally known to experience elevated levels of stress and poorer psychological well-being. To provide treatments and resources that most effectively support parent mental health, it is critical to understand how parents' connections with various networks and systems impact their well-being. This study examined the relationship between the psychological well-being of mothers of adolescents with ASD (n = 20) and their systems of support from an ecological systems theoretical framework...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163868/the-effectiveness-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-war-traumatized-refugee-and-internally-displaced-minors-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Agnes Nocon, Rima Eberle-Sejari, Johanna Unterhitzenberger, Rita Rosner
Background: The United Nations reported that in 2016 over 65 million people worldwide have forcibly left home. Over 50% are children and adolescents; a substantial number has been traumatized and displaced by war. Objective: To provide an overview of the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions in this group we conducted a narrative review and a meta-analysis of intervention studies providing data on posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), depression, anxiety, grief, and general distress. Method: We searched PILOTS, MEDLINE, WoS, Embase, CENTRAL, LILACS, PsycINFO, ASSIA, CSA, and SA for studies on treatment outcomes for war-traumatized displaced children and adolescents...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162192/does-striving-to-succeed-come-at-a-physiological-or-psychosocial-cost-for-adults-who-experienced-child-maltreatment
#9
Jenalee R Doom, Vivienne M Hazzard, Katherine W Bauer, Cari Jo Clark, Alison L Miller
While striving to succeed in the face of adversity may provide individuals with outward benefits, it may come at a cost to individuals' physical health. The current study examines whether striving predicts greater physiological or psychosocial costs among those who experienced child maltreatment, a stressor that disrupts the caregiving environment and threatens relationship security. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we tested whether greater striving after childhood maltreatment would come at a cost, increasing underlying cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk and depressive symptoms despite showing outward success via income and college degree attainment...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162191/childhood-adversity-moderates-the-influence-of-proximal-episodic-stress-on-the-cortisol-awakening-response-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents
#10
Lisa R Starr, Kimberly Dienes, Catherine B Stroud, Zoey A Shaw, Y Irina Li, Fanny Mlawer, Meghan Huang
Childhood adversity (CA) is known to predict sensitization to proximal stressors. Researchers have suggested that disruptions in hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning may be a biological mechanism. If so, CA may predict altered associations between proximal life stress and markers of cortisol secretion. We examined whether CA moderates associations between recent episodic stress and (a) the cortisol awakening response (CAR), and (b) depressive symptoms, in 241 adolescents aged 14-17 years (cortisol n = 196)...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161606/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-adolescent-academic-attainment-testing-pathways-via-parenting-and-self-control
#11
Terry Ng-Knight, Katherine H Shelton, Norah Frederickson, I C McManus, Frances Rice
Maternal depression is associated with reduced academic attainment in children, however, it is not clear how this association comes about. Depressive symptoms are associated with impairment in social roles including parenting. Children's self-control is an important contributor to academic attainment and is influenced by parenting. We therefore hypothesised that impaired parenting and children's self-control may mediate links between maternal depression and children's academic attainment. Data were from a brief longitudinal study (3 waves) of UK children aged 11-12 years and their mothers...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159404/variation-in-the-12-month-treatment-trajectories-of-children-and-adolescents-after-a-diagnosis-of-depression
#12
Nina R Joyce, Megan S Schuler, Scott E Hadland, Laura A Hatfield
Importance: Depression during childhood and adolescence is heterogeneous. Treatment patterns are often examined in aggregate, yet there is substantial variability across individual treatment trajectories. Understanding this variability can help identify treatment gaps among youths with depression. Objective: To characterize heterogeneity in 12-month trajectories of psychotherapy and antidepressant treatment in youths with depression. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a longitudinal-cohort study of youths 18 years or younger with a new diagnosis of depression and at least 12 months of follow-up following diagnosis, as determined from commercial insurance claims filed from 2007 to 2014...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158913/an-implementation-effectiveness-hybrid-trial-of-video-based-family-therapy-for-peripartum-depression-in-home-visited-mothers-a-protocol-for-a-pilot-trial
#13
Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Craig L Donnelly, Melony Williams, Jennifer Buteau, Patricia Stolte, Maggie Monroe-Cassel, Martha L Bruce
Background: The Federal Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (HV) Program serves over 100,000 vulnerable families at risk for child abuse in the USA and aims to improve many outcomes, including maternal mental health (HRSA's Federal Home Visiting Program: partnering with parents to help children succeed, 2017). Most clients are insured by Medicaid, and about 40% are adolescent mothers (pregnant and post-delivery) (The mother and infant home visiting program evaluation: early findings on the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program, 2015)...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157641/a-process-oriented-model-linking-adolescents-sleep-hygiene-and-psychological-functioning-the-moderating-role-of-school-start-times
#14
Jack S Peltz, Ronald D Rogge, Heidi Connolly, Thomas G O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: To examine a mediational model linking sleep hygiene to better mental health in adolescents via the mechanism of improved sleep quality, and to test the moderating role of school start times (SST) (before 8:30 AM vs. 8:30 AM or later) on that mediation model. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Online survey for high school students across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 197 adolescents aged 14-17 years old (Mage = 15...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157497/everywhere-and-nowhere-grief-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-pediatric-clinical-populations
#15
REVIEW
Pamela J Mosher
Grief is ubiquitous in the experience of children and adolescents with illness but not always recognized or named, and as a result grief is not always treated effectively by child/adolescent psychiatrists or pediatricians. Grief can be misinterpreted or treated as stress, anxiety, depression, adolescent moodiness, or behavioral concerns. Pediatricians and child/adolescent psychiatrists are often insufficiently educated on the topic of grief.
January 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156361/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-referred-adolescents-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-cyclothymic-hypersensitive-temperament
#16
Gabriele Masi, Annarita Milone, Anna Rita Montesanto, Elena Valente, Simone Pisano
BACKGROUND: Non suicidal self-injuries (NSSIs) are deliberate self-harm behaviors without suicidal intent, usually starting in adolescence, with increasing rates of occurrence both in epidemiological and clinical samples. Several studies associated cyclothymic-hypersensitive temperament (CHT) with self-harm behaviors and suicidal risk. Aim of this study is to explore the association between NSSIs and CHT in a clinical sample of adolescents. We hypothesized that CHT may differentiate NSSI from non-NSSI adolescents with mood disorders, when other psychopathological features are controlled for...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155970/cognitive-function-coping-and-depressive-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-disease
#17
Kemar V Prussien, Michael R DeBaun, Janet Yarboi, Heather Bemis, Colleen McNally, Ellen Williams, Bruce E Compas
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the association between cognitive functioning, coping, and depressive symptoms in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD). Method: Forty-four children (M age = 9.30, SD = 3.08; 56.8% male) with SCD completed cognitive assessments measuring working memory (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition) and verbal comprehension (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence-Second Edition)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154652/development-of-internalizing-problems-from-adolescence-to-emerging-adulthood-accounting-for-heterotypic-continuity-with-vertical-scaling
#18
Isaac T Petersen, Oliver Lindhiem, Brandon LeBeau, John E Bates, Gregory S Pettit, Jennifer E Lansford, Kenneth A Dodge
Manifestations of internalizing problems, such as specific symptoms of anxiety and depression, can change across development, even if individuals show strong continuity in rank-order levels of internalizing problems. This illustrates the concept of heterotypic continuity, and raises the question of whether common measures might be construct-valid for one age but not another. This study examines mean-level changes in internalizing problems across a long span of development at the same time as accounting for heterotypic continuity by using age-appropriate, changing measures...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154604/traditional-and-cyber-victimization-among-adolescents-with-and-without-chronic-pain
#19
Jessica L Fales, Sean Rice, Rachel V Aaron, Tonya M Palermo
OBJECTIVE: Prior research has revealed a link between peer victimization and somatic complaints in healthy youth; however, the peer victimization experiences of youth with clinically significant chronic pain have not been examined. This study aims to determine rates of peer victimization among youth seeking treatment for chronic pain and to compare these rates to a community control group. Relationships between peer victimization, depressive symptoms, and functional disability are also examined...
November 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154598/-i-feel-like-i-do-not-exist-a-study-of-dissociative-experiences-among-war-traumatized-refugee-youth
#20
Sabina Gušić, Andrea Malešević, Etzel Cardeña, Hans Bengtsson, Hans Peter Søndergaard
OBJECTIVE: War-traumatized refugee children and adolescents have been overlooked in research on trauma-related dissociation, and whatever research has been conducted has relied almost exclusively on questionnaires. The present study was an exploration of dissociative experiences in multitraumatized war-refugee youth. METHOD: In this study, we used a mixed-method approach by grouping participants according to a Western-based dissociation measure (the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale; Armstrong, Putnam, Carlson, Libero, & Smith, 1997), and conducting qualitative and quantitative analyses of their verbal descriptions of mental experiences related to dissociation in the aftermath of war and resettlement...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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