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Perioperative nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340401/clinical-supervision-in-perioperative-nursing-education-in-sweden-a-questionnaire-study
#1
M-T Crafoord, A-M Fagerdahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321988/a-quality-improvement-initiative-to-optimize-dosing-of-surgical-antimicrobial-prophylaxis
#2
Thomas J Caruso, Ellen Wang, Hayden T Schwenk, David Scheinker, Calida Yeverino, Mary Tweedy, Manjit Maheru, Paul J Sharek
BACKGROUND: The risk of surgical site infections is reduced with appropriate timing and dosing of preoperative antimicrobials. Based on evolving national guidelines, we increased the preoperative dose of cefazolin from 25 to 30 mg·kg(-1) . This quality improvement project describes an improvement initiative to develop standard work processes to ensure appropriate dosing. AIMS: The primary aim was to deliver cefazolin 30 mg·kg(-1) to at least 90% of indicated patients...
March 21, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320312/the-effect-of-an-electronic-cognitive-aid-on-the-management-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-during-caesarean-section-a-prospective-randomised-simulation-study
#3
Michael St Pierre, Bjoern Luetcke, Dieter Strembski, Christopher Schmitt, Georg Breuer
BACKGROUND: Cognitive aids have come to be viewed as promising tools in the management of perioperative critical events. The majority of published simulation studies have focussed on perioperative crises that are characterised by time pressure, rare occurrence, or complex management steps (e.g., cardiac arrest emergencies, management of the difficult airway). At present, there is limited information on the usefulness of cognitive aids in critical situations with moderate time pressure and complexity...
March 20, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319459/morbidity-and-survival-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-free-flap-reconstruction-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Candace A Mitchell, Richard A Goldman, Joseph M Curry, David M Cognetti, Howard Krein, Ryan Heffelfinger, Adam Luginbuhl
Objective To review a single institution's outcomes of free flap reconstruction of the head and neck in patients aged ≥80 years as compared with those <80 years. Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Tertiary academic hospital. Subjects and Methods Patients aged ≥ 80 years who underwent free flap reconstruction of the head and neck between 2007 and 2013 were identified and matched by type of reconstruction with a cohort of younger patients. Outcome measures included flap success, length of stay, discharge disposition, complications, and 2-year mortality...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314303/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-programs-for-laparoscopic-colorectal-resection-may-not-need-thoracic-epidural-analgesia
#5
Ken Eto, Ichiro Kondo, Makoto Kosuge, Masahisa Ohkuma, Koichiro Haruki, Kai Neki, Hiroshi Sugano, Ryosuke Hashizume, Katsuhiko Yanaga
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the necessity of thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) as enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs for laparoscopic colorectal surgery (LC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively compared between perioperative outcomes of patients who underwent LC with TEA (n=31) and with multimodal analgesia (MMA) (n=31). Furthermore, we also evaluated the patients' satisfaction by a questionnaire survey to the nurses...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282010/complications-and-mortality-associated-with-temporary-abdominal-closure-techniques-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Adam Cristaudo, Scott Jennings, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan DeCosta
Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) techniques are routinely used in the open abdomen. Ideally, they should prevent evisceration, aid in removal of unwanted fluid from the peritoneal cavity, facilitate in achieving safe definitive fascial closure, as well as prevent the development of intra-abdominal complications. TAC techniques used in the open abdomen were compared with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to identify which was superior. A systematic review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines involving Medline, Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="http://Clinicaltrials...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253430/moral-distress-in-nurses-providing-direct-patient-care-at-an-academic-medical-center
#7
Janet Sirilla, Kathrynn Thompson, Todd Yamokoski, Mark D Risser, Esther Chipps
BACKGROUND: Moral distress is the psychological response to knowing the appropriate action but not being able to act due to constraints. Previous authors reported moral distress among nurses, especially those that work in critical care units. AIMS: The aims of this study were: (1) to examine the level of moral distress among nurses who work at an academic health system, (2) to compare the level of moral distress in nurses who work across specialty units at an academic health system, (3) to compare moral distress by the demographic characteristics of nurses and work experience variables, and (4) to identify demographic characteristics and type of clinical setting that may predict which nurses are at high risk for moral distress...
March 2, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243161/perioperative-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-poor-cardiac-surgery-patient-outcomes
#8
Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Nikolaos V Fotos, Athina Patelarou, Stavros Theologou, Mihalis Argiriou, Anastasia A Chatziefstratiou, Christina Katzilieri, Hero Brokalaki
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between the perioperative neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and cardiac surgery patient outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of 145 patients who underwent cardiac surgery in a tertiary hospital of Athens, Greece, from January to March 2015, was conducted. By using a structured short questionnaire, this study reviewed the electronic hospital database and the medical and nursing patient records for data collection purposes...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241952/guideline-implementation-energy-generating-devices-part-1-electrosurgery
#9
Sheryl P Eder
Energy-generating devices are standard equipment in the surgical suite, with electrosurgical units being the most common type of electrical device used in the OR. Prevention of injuries to patients and personnel related to the use of energy-generating devices is a key component of the perioperative nurse's role. The AORN "Guideline for safe use of energy-generating devices" provides guidance on the use and maintenance of devices that deliver energy in the forms of radiofrequency waves, ultrasound waves, or lasers...
March 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241950/addressing-perioperative-staff-member-fatigue
#10
Renae N Battié, Hester Rall, Lorie Khorsand, Jodi Hill
Staffing shortages among professionals in specialized health care and clinical situations that demand around-the-clock care make it challenging to address staff member fatigue. Many industries have developed restrictions on work hours to help reduce the effects of fatigue on safety. The perioperative specialty, however, often requires personnel to work long hours, offers limited resources for specialized professionals, and employs on-call schedules that can be demanding. This article discusses research and additional information related to fatigue and how it can affect perioperative patient care...
March 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241949/promoting-resilience-in-new-perioperative-nurses
#11
Teresa M Stephens, Pamela Smith, Caitlin Cherry
New nursing graduates experience many challenges when transitioning from the academic environment to the practice setting. For many, the period of transition from student to employee is less than optimal, with many still experiencing reality shock, cognitive dissonance, and theory-practice gaps. The Stephens Model of Nursing Student Resilience addresses the unique issues faced by new graduate nurses to assist them in developing healthy coping strategies and to promote resilience. This model forms the basis of the RN Personal Resilience Enhancement Plan, a supplemental onboarding program created to assist new nurses in confidently facing challenges encountered during orientation and successfully moving forward as nursing professionals...
March 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241948/nurses-and-health-promoting-behaviors-knowledge-may-not-translate-into-self-care
#12
Alyson Ross, Margaret Bevans, Alyssa T Brooks, Susanne Gibbons, Gwenyth R Wallen
Nurses are knowledgeable regarding the importance of health-promoting activities such as healthy eating, physical activity, stress management, sleep hygiene, and maintaining healthy relationships. However, this knowledge may not translate into nurses' own self-care. Nurses may not follow recommended guidelines for physical activity and proper nutrition. Long hours, work overload, and shift work associated with nursing practice can be stressful and contribute to job dissatisfaction, burnout, and health consequences such as obesity and sleep disturbances...
March 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241947/cultivating-mindfulness-to-promote-self-care-and-well-being-in-perioperative-nurses
#13
Rachel E Myers
Nursing has long been regarded as a stress-filled profession; the perioperative environment in particular is considered especially challenging. Chronic stress and burnout may have detrimental effects not only on perioperative nurses but also on their coworkers, employers, and patients. Nurses often sacrifice their own needs to care for others. Nurses must first take care of themselves, however, to sustain their optimal ability to provide care for patients. The cultivation of mindfulness is one way that perioperative nurses may promote self-care and well-being...
March 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228207/complications-and-mortality-associated-with-temporary-abdominal-closure-techniques-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Adam Cristaudo, Scott Jennings, Ronny Gunnarsson, Alan DeCosta
Temporary abdominal closure (TAC) techniques are routinely used in the open abdomen. Ideally, they should prevent evisceration, aid in removal of unwanted fluid from the peritoneal cavity, facilitate in achieving safe definitive fascial closure, as well as prevent the development of intra-abdominal complications. TAC techniques used in the open abdomen were compared with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) to identify which was superior. A systematic review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines involving Medline, Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and <ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="http://Clinicaltrials...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215964/implementation-of-the-surgical-safety-checklist-at-a-tertiary-academic-center-impact-on-safety-culture-and-patient-outcomes
#15
Areg Zingiryan, Jennifer L Paruch, Turner M Osler, Neil H Hyman
BACKGROUND: The impact and efficacy of the World Health Organization Surgery Safety Checklist (SSC) is uncertain. We sought to determine if the SSC decreases complications and examined the attitudes of the surgical team members following implementation of the SSC. METHODS: A 28-question survey was developed to assess perspectives of surgical team members at the University of Vermont Medical Center (UVMC). The University Health System Consortium database was examined to compare the rates of nine complications before and after SSC implementation using Chi square analysis and Fisher's exact test...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203561/comparative-prospective-case-control-study-of-open-versus-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty-in-children-with-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-long-term-results
#16
Lisandro A Piaggio, Juan P Corbetta, Santiago Weller, Ricardo Augusto Dingevan, Víctor Duran, Javier Ruiz, Juan C Lopez
INTRODUCTION: We compare open pyeloplasty (OP) versus laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) in children in a multicenter, prospective, case-control study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2007 to March 2009, a program was established at Hospital Garrahan, the reference center, to perform LP with a mentoring surgeon that would attend the institution once a month. Every new case of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) diagnosed in the reference institution was offered to participate in the study...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199450/association-between-smoking-status-preoperative-exhaled-carbon-monoxide-levels-and-postoperative-surgical-site-infection-in-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery
#17
Margaret B Nolan, David P Martin, Rodney Thompson, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, David O Warner
Importance: Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for many perioperative complications, including surgical site infection (SSI). The duration of abstinence from smoking required to reduce this risk is unknown. Objectives: To evaluate if abstinence from smoking on the day of surgery is associated with a decreased frequency of SSI in patients who smoke cigarettes and to confirm that smoking is significantly independently associated with SSI when adjustment is made for potentially relevant covariates, such as body mass index...
February 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196099/a-novel-visual-facial-anxiety-scale-for-assessing-preoperative-anxiety
#18
Xuezhao Cao, Roya Yumul, Ofelia Loani Elvir Lazo, Jeremy Friedman, Omar Durra, Xiao Zhang, Paul F White
BACKGROUND: There is currently no widely accepted instrument for measuring preoperative anxiety. The objective of this study was to develop a simple visual facial anxiety scale (VFAS) for assessing acute preoperative anxiety. METHODS: The initial VFAS was comprised of 11 similarly styled stick-figure reflecting different types of facial expressions (Fig 1). After obtaining IRB approval, a total of 265 participant-healthcare providers (e.g., anesthesiologists, anesthesiology residents, and perioperative nurses) were recruited to participate in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159076/preventing-unplanned-perioperative-hypothermia-in-children
#19
Susan E Beedle, Amy Phillips, Shirley Wiggins, Leeza Struwe
Unplanned perioperative hypothermia is a common surgical risk. Unplanned hypothermia is defined as a body temperature below 36° C (96.8° F) during any phase of the perioperative period. Perioperative nurses at a Midwestern tertiary pediatric hospital developed an evidence-based clinical practice guideline (CPG) designed to maintain normothermia for the pediatric surgical population. This CPG outlined standard thermoregulation nursing interventions and required the consistent use of a temporal artery thermometer...
February 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159074/ethical-considerations-for-care%C3%A2-of-the-child-undergoing-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#20
Martha A Carter
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a complex, highly technical surgical procedure that can offer hope for children born with congenital heart defects. The procedure may only briefly prolong a life, has limited potential for decreasing mortality, and may lead to serious complications, however. Perioperative nurses play an important role in caring for the child who requires ECMO. They are involved in assessing the child, implementing the plan of care, and facilitating communication between the child's family members and the health care team...
February 2017: AORN Journal
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