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Perioperative nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784265/don-t-ignore-my-snore-reducing-perioperative-complications-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#1
Ludy P Lemus, Betty McMullin, Honorata Balinowski
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition associated with decreased muscle tone in the airway, has been linked to postoperative complications. The purpose of the initiative was to develop and implement a guideline for patients identified as high-risk for OSA to reduce complications related to OSA. DESIGN: A multidisciplinary team developed the guideline utilizing the Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice to Promote Quality Care. METHODS: PubMed literature search from 2006-2013 and critique of over 40 articles were completed...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784256/perioperative-delirium-protocol-for-the-older-patient
#2
Thomas J Pallaria, Casey Panebianco, Mary C Kamienski
PURPOSE: Delirium is an acute change in cognition and attention. It may affect any age group. It is most common in older patients and is associated with a significant increase in mortality. The purpose of this project was to implement an assessment protocol to identify patients at risk for postoperative delirium. DESIGN: A case study approach was used. METHODS: The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) tool for screening and diagnostic purposes was used to train surgeons, anesthesia providers, and nurses...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779305/-expert-consensus-on-standardized-processes-of-ambulatory-biliary-surgery-2018-edition
#3
(no author information available yet)
The definition of ambulatory surgery is that the patient is admitted, operated and discharged within a day (24 hours) , but does not include outpatient surgery. It can shorten the average hospital stay, reduce medical expenses, accelerate the recovery of patients, and has been approved to have great social and economic benefits.The main contents of this consensus include: (1)the establishment of ambulatory biliary surgery system, which involves the facilities building, team building, the construction of management systems, operation management, operation state analysis and benefit evaluation; (2)Patient selection criteria, pre-hospital assessment, surgical scheduling, preoperative education, anesthesia and management of adverse reactions after anesthesia, intraoperative application of general surgical principles and postoperative emergency plans, perioperative nursing; (3)Discharge criteria and pre-discharge assessment, post-discharge follow-up and rehabilitation guidance; (4) quality and safety control index system of ambulatory biliary surgery...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773957/perioperative-predictors-of-delirium-and-incidence-factors-in-adult-patients-post-cardiac-surgery
#4
Stavros Theologou, Konstantinos Giakoumidakis, Christos Charitos
Background: Delirium is a quite common complication in adult patients post-cardiac surgery. The purpose of our study was to identify perioperative characteristics and also focus on incidence factors that could predict delirium in the cardiac surgery intensive care unit (CICU) postoperatively. Methods: We conducted a prospective study of 179 consecutive patients, who underwent open-heart surgical operation and were admitted to the CICU of a general tertiary hospital in Athens, Greece...
2018: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753829/the-role-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-the-conservative-and-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-does-the-strength-of-the-pelvic-floor-muscles-matter
#5
REVIEW
Anna Maria Lasak, Marjorie Jean-Michel, Phuong Uyen Le, Roshni Durgam, Jessica Harroche
The purpose of this review is to provide an in-depth overview of the role of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The definition, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of SUI are described. We review the anatomy of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and the importance of pelvic floor muscle strength in maintaining urinary continence and establishing normal voiding function. A brief description of the surgical options currently available for SUI and the existing data regarding the role of perioperative PFMT for SUI are included...
May 10, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753000/early-enforced-mobilization-after-liver-resection-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Chun-Yan Ni, Zhi-Hong Wang, Zhi-Ping Huang, Hui Zhou, Li-Juan Fu, Hui Cai, Xuan-Xuan Huang, Yuan Yang, Hui-Fen Li, Wei-Ping Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled study investigated the feasibility of early ambulation after liver resection and the effect of the amount of activity on postoperative recovery. METHODS: A total of 120 patients who underwent liver resection were randomly divided into two groups for the comparative analysis of the following factors: amount of activity, pain control, sleeping state, perioperative gastrointestinal function recovery, incidence of complications and postoperative hospital stay...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751759/association-of-body-mass-index-and-outcomes-following-lobectomy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Cui Wang, Min Guo, Nan Zhang, Gongchao Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity and overweight have become increasingly prevalent, but no consensus has been reached regarding the effect of body mass index (BMI) on surgical outcomes. In this study, we sought to examine the influence of BMI on perioperative outcomes in a large cohort of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who underwent lobectomy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 1198 patients who underwent lobectomy for primary NSCLC at Shandong Provincial Hospital between November 2006 and January 2017...
May 11, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733905/bouffant-vs-skull-cap-and-impact-on-surgical-site-infection-does-operating-room-headgear-really-matter
#8
Shanu N Kothari, Madeline J Anderson, Andrew J Borgert, Kara J Kallies, Todd J Kowalski
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons (ACS) guidelines indicate that skullcaps are acceptable, while the Association of periOperative Registered Nurses (AORN) recommends bouffant caps. However, no scientific evidence has shown a significant advantage in surgical site infection (SSI) reduction with either cap. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of surgical cap choice on SSIs. STUDY DESIGN: Data from a previously published prospective randomized trial on the impact of hair clipping on SSI were analyzed...
May 4, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726418/improving-fluid-management-in-critical-care-towards-the-icu-of-the-future
#9
Katharina Bergmoser, Lucas Pflanzl-Knizacek, Matthias Hafner, Gernot Schilcher, Christian Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: The calculation of daily fluid balances is essential in perioperative and postoperative fluid management in order to prevent severe hypervolemia or hypovolemia in critically ill patients. In this context, modern health information technology has the potential to reduce the workload for health care professionals by not only automating data collection but also providing appropriate decision support. OBJECTIVES: Within this work, current problems and barriers regarding fluid balancing in cardiac intensive care patients are outlined and improvement activities are specified...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701424/perioperative-family-centered-care-nursing-interventions-that-support-child-and-family-s-emotional-management
#10
Dario Antunes, Paula Diogo
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization is a negative tonality experience for both child and family, being fear and anxiety their emotional mirror. Concerning the surgical experience, the environment, invasiveness, fear of pain, of not waking up from anaesthesia and parental separation are both causes and enhancers of child and family perioperative distress. A study concerning parent's emotional experience of child's submitted to cardiac surgery, refer guilt for their son's cardiopathy, a roller coaster of emotions, impotence and being seated on pins and needles while waiting during the surgery...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690755/perioperative-surgical-home-a-new-scope-for-future-anesthesiology
#11
Min A Kwon
The health care system is changing from 'pay for volume' to 'pay for value.' These changes are turning health care delivery into a more cost-effective and coordinated care setup that drives hospitals to lower costs and greater quality gains. The present perioperative care service in Korea has proven to be costly, fragmented, and neither evidence-based nor patient- centered. Recently, a new concept of a perioperative care model termed perioperative surgical home (PSH) has been proposed. The PSH is a patient-centered, team-based, and coordinated perioperative care setup, composed of the head anesthesiologist-perioperativist in tandem with dedicated nurse practitioners and other PSH team doctors...
April 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684374/single-center-experience-of-tracheobronchoplasty-for-tracheobronchomalacia-perioperative-outcomes
#12
Daniel H Buitrago, Adnan Majid, Daniel E Alape, Jennifer L Wilson, Mihir Parikh, Michael S Kent, Sidhu P Gangadharan
BACKGROUND: We aimed to present trends in practice as our experience has grown, and report the postoperative morbidity and its associated factors following tracheobronchoplasty. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study conducted in 161 patients who underwent tracheobronchoplasty from October 2002-September 2016. The main outcome was development of a postoperative complication within 30 days of surgery. Postoperative complication events were graded using the Clavien-Dindo system...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680176/perianesthesia-nurses-survey-of-their-knowledge-and-practice-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#13
Andrea M Erwin, Kim A Noble, June Marshall, Susan Cooper
PURPOSE: Anesthesia, sedation, and analgesia can negatively impact adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Despite known risks, current evidence, and practice guidelines, insufficient evidence exists that standardization and clinical application of OSA screening tools, problem identification, and perioperative nursing intervention and management strategies are consistently implemented for OSA patients across perianesthesia settings. The purpose of this study was to conduct a knowledge and practice assessment of perianesthesia nurses who care for adult patients with diagnosed or undiagnosed OSA...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672395/an-educational-implementation-process-staff-survey-lessons-learned
#14
Barbara Delmore, Martha Kent
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the education process for the effective use of the Munro Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment Scale by practicing perioperative staff at an urban tertiary medical center. Given that pressure injury formation is tied to the surgical process, there is a need for a pressure injury risk assessment scale that addresses the uniqueness of the perioperative process. METHODS: Participants were staff who worked in the surgical admissions area, the main operating room, and the main postanesthesia care unit...
May 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664800/randomized-controlled-trial-of-extended-perioperative-counseling-in-enhanced-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery
#15
Håvard Mjørud Forsmo, Christian Erichsen, Anne Rasdal, Jon Meyer Tvinnereim, Hartwig Körner, Frank Pfeffer
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery programs reduce the length of hospital stay in patients who undergo elective colorectal resection, but the reasons for this reduction are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the impact of extended perioperative counseling in treatment groups that were otherwise the same with respect to enhanced recovery after surgery criteria. DESIGN: Patients eligible for open or laparoscopic colorectal resection were randomly assigned to extended counseling (repeated information and guidance by a dedicated nurse) or standard counseling...
April 16, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664527/-perioperative-nutrition-in-eras-protocols
#16
Andrés Sánchez C, Karin Papapietro V
The trauma involved in any surgical procedure, even if elective, causes a metabolic stress response characterized by postoperative insulin resistance (PIR). PIR is considered a surgical stress marker and is associated with increased morbidity and postoperative length of stay. PIR worsens when the patient is operated in a state of prolonged preoperative fasting or when postoperative feeding is delayed. The ERAS Protocols (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) includes anesthetic, surgical, kinesiology, nutritional and nursing interventions aimed to modulate PIR...
November 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659186/nursing-outcomes-for-patients-with-risk-of-perioperative-positioning-injury
#17
Luciana Bjorklund de Lima, Michelle Cardoso E Cardozo, Daniela de Souza Bernardes, Eneida Rejane Rabelo-Silva
PURPOSE: To select and refine the outcomes and indicators of Nursing Outcomes Classification for the diagnosis of risk for perioperative positioning injury. METHOD: Validation study on expert consensus and refinement through pilot study. FINDINGS: Eight outcomes and 35 indicators were selected in consensus. After clinical testing was performed, in which 10 patients were assessed at five different times. Eight outcomes and 33 indicators remained in the protocol...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656967/conversion-vs-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-increased-cost-of-care-and-perioperative-complications
#18
Sean P Ryan, Marcus DiLallo, David E Attarian, William A Jiranek, Thorsten M Seyler
BACKGROUND: With the increasing incidence of hip fractures and hip preservation surgeries, there has been a concomitant rise in the number of conversion total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed. Prior studies have shown higher complication rates in conversion THA. However, there is a paucity of data showing differences in cost between these 2 procedures. Currently, the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services bundles primary and conversion THA in the same Medicare Severity-Diagnosis Related Group for hospital reimbursement...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642763/hot-off-the-press-for-perioperative-nurses
#19
Mona Guckian Fisher
I am delighted to bring you the Perioperative Care Collaborative (PCC) National Core Curriculum for Perioperative Nursing 2017, whose purpose is 'influencing and supporting clinical policies into perioperative practice'. This is a very important document for nurses working within operating theatre settings. Since the dissolution of the English National Board (ENB), perioperative nurses have not had access to appropriate professional courses in line with what had been previously available.
June 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642748/career-opportunities-for-theatre-practitioners
#20
Susan Lord
Never have there been such a vast number of career opportunities for all levels of staff within the perioperative environment including healthcare support workers, operating department practitioners and nurses.
July 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
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