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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245184/evaluation-of-the-use-of-novel-biomarkers-to-augment-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-activities
#1
Kayla R Stover, Rachel M Kenney, Travis S King, Alan E Gross
As antimicrobial stewardship increasingly receives worldwide attention for improving patient care by optimizing antimicrobial therapy, programs are evaluating new tools that may augment antimicrobial stewardship activities. Biomarkers are objective, accurate, and reproducible measures that provide information about medical conditions. A systematic literature search using PubMed/MEDLINE databases was performed to evaluate the use of novel biomarkers as additions to the antimicrobial stewardship armamentarium...
December 15, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245049/effects-of-priming-with-cytokines-on-intracellular-survival-and-replication-of-rhodococcus-equi-in-equine-macrophages
#2
Londa J Berghaus, Steeve Giguère, Angela I Bordin, Noah D Cohen
Rhodococcus equi is a common cause of pneumonia in foals and an opportunistic pathogen in immunosuppressed people. The ability of R. equi to survive and replicate in macrophages is the basis of its pathogenicity. Limited knowledge about the role of cytokines in host defense against R. equi comes from studies in mice and the role of cytokines in intracellular survival of R. equi in equine macrophages is unknown. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of priming with interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, or tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α at various concentrations on intracellular survival of virulent R...
December 12, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245023/mild-cognitive-impairment-what-does-the-general-public-know-about-this-health-condition
#3
R Alhasani, J Abed, N Karegar, E Redmond, Y Guo, G Wasserlauf, D Goldberg, C Kwok, N Bier, P Belchior
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244944/evaluating-the-performance-of-household-liquefied-petroleum-gas-cookstoves
#4
Guofeng Shen, Michael D Hays, Kirk R Smith, Craig Williams, Jerroll W Faircloth, James J Jetter
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) cookstoves are considered to be an important solution for mitigating household air pollution; however, their performance has rarely been evaluated. To fill the data and knowledge gaps in this important area, eighty-nine laboratory tests were conducted to quantify efficiencies and pollutant emissions from five commercially available household LPG stoves under different burning conditions. The mean thermal efficiency (± standard deviation) for the tested LPG cookstoves was 51±6%, meeting guidelines for the highest tier level (Tier 4) under the International Organization for Standardization, International Workshop Agreement 11...
December 15, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244900/the-bidirectional-relationship-between-anxiety-disorders-and-circulating-levels-of-inflammatory-markers-results-from-a-large-longitudinal-population-based-study
#5
Jennifer Glaus, Roland von Känel, Aurélie M Lasserre, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Caroline L Vandeleur, Enrique Castelao, Mehdi Gholam-Rezaee, Ciro Marangoni, En-Young N Wagner, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gérard Waeber, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig, Kathleen R Merikangas
BACKGROUND: Although there has been abundant research on chronic low-grade inflammation as a potential mechanism underlying the link between mood disorders and cardiovascular risk, less is known about the role of inflammatory factors and anxiety disorders. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the bi-directional associations between inflammatory markers including interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) with anxiety disorders and its subgroups...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244821/genotyping-of-mycobacterium-leprae-for-better-understanding-of-leprosy-transmission-in-fortaleza-northeastern-brazil
#6
Amanda N B Fontes, Luana N G C Lima, Rosa M S Mota, Rosa L F Almeida, Maria A Pontes, Heitor de S Gonçalves, Cristiane C Frota, Varalakshmi D Vissa, Patrick J Brennan, Ricardo J P S Guimaraes, Carl Kendall, Ligia R F S Kerr, Philip N Suffys
Leprosy is endemic in large part of Brazil with 28,761 new patients in 2015, the second largest number worldwide and reaches 9/10.000 in highly endemic regions and 2.7/10.000 in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará, Northeast Brazil. For better understanding of risk factors for leprosy transmission, we conducted an epidemiologic study supplemented by 17 locus VNTR and SNP 1-4 typing of Mycobacterium leprae in skin biopsy samples from new multibacillary (MB) patients diagnosed at a reference center in 2009 and 2010...
December 15, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244597/relationship-between-repository-radiographic-findings-and-subsequent-performance-of-quarter-horses-competing-in-cutting-events
#7
Myra F Barrett, C Wayne McIlwraith, Erin K Contino, Richard D Park, Christopher E Kawcak, David D Frisbie, James R zumBrunnen
OBJECTIVE To investigate potential associations between repository radiographic findings and subsequent performance of Quarter Horses competing in cutting events. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SAMPLE Repository radiographs (ie, radiographs obtained at the time of sale) for 343 client-owned horses. PROCEDURES Repository radiographic findings were compared with objective measures of performance, including the likelihood of competing; the likelihood of earning money as a 3-year-old, as a 4-year-old, and as a 3- and 4-year-old combined; and the amount of money earned as a 3-year-old, as a 4-year-old, and as a 3- and 4-year-old combined...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244532/risk-factors-and-predictors-of-significant-chondral-surface-change-from-primary-to-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-moon-and-mars-cohort-study
#8
Robert A Magnussen, James R Borchers, Angela D Pedroza, Laura J Huston, Amanda K Haas, Kurt P Spindler, Rick W Wright, Christopher C Kaeding, Christina R Allen, Allen F Anderson, Daniel E Cooper, Thomas M DeBerardino, Warren R Dunn, Brett A Lantz, Barton Mann, Michael J Stuart, John P Albright, Annunziato Amendola, Jack T Andrish, Christopher C Annunziata, Robert A Arciero, Bernard R Bach, Champ L Baker, Arthur R Bartolozzi, Keith M Baumgarten, Jeffery R Bechler, Jeffrey H Berg, Geoffrey A Bernas, Stephen F Brockmeier, Robert H Brophy, Charles A Bush-Joseph, J Brad Butler, John D Campbell, James L Carey, James E Carpenter, Brian J Cole, Jonathan M Cooper, Charles L Cox, R Alexander Creighton, Diane L Dahm, Tal S David, David C Flanigan, Robert W Frederick, Theodore J Ganley, Elizabeth A Garofoli, Charles J Gatt, Steven R Gecha, James Robert Giffin, Sharon L Hame, Jo A Hannafin, Christopher D Harner, Norman Lindsay Harris, Keith S Hechtman, Elliott B Hershman, Rudolf G Hoellrich, Timothy M Hosea, David C Johnson, Timothy S Johnson, Morgan H Jones, Ganesh V Kamath, Thomas E Klootwyk, Bruce A Levy, C Benjamin Ma, G Peter Maiers, Robert G Marx, Matthew J Matava, Gregory M Mathien, David R McAllister, Eric C McCarty, Robert G McCormack, Bruce S Miller, Carl W Nissen, Daniel F O'Neill, Brett D Owens, Richard D Parker, Mark L Purnell, Arun J Ramappa, Michael A Rauh, Arthur C Rettig, Jon K Sekiya, Kevin G Shea, Orrin H Sherman, James R Slauterbeck, Matthew V Smith, Jeffrey T Spang, Steven J Svoboda, Timothy N Taft, Joachim J Tenuta, Edwin M Tingstad, Armando F Vidal, Darius G Viskontas, Richard A White, James S Williams, Michelle L Wolcott, Brian R Wolf, James J York
BACKGROUND: Articular cartilage health is an important issue following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and primary ACL reconstruction. Factors present at the time of primary ACL reconstruction may influence the subsequent progression of articular cartilage damage. HYPOTHESIS: Larger meniscus resection at primary ACL reconstruction, increased patient age, and increased body mass index (BMI) are associated with increased odds of worsened articular cartilage damage at the time of revision ACL reconstruction...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244528/phase-iii-randomized-study-of-dual-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-her2-blockade-with-lapatinib-plus-trastuzumab-in-combination-with-an-aromatase-inhibitor-in-postmenopausal-women-with-her2-positive-hormone-receptor-positive-metastatic-breast-cancer
#9
Stephen R D Johnston, Roberto Hegg, Seock-Ah Im, In Hae Park, Olga Burdaeva, Galina Kurteva, Michael F Press, Sergei Tjulandin, Hiroji Iwata, Sergio D Simon, Sarah Kenny, Severine Sarp, Miguel A Izquierdo, Lisa S Williams, William J Gradishar
Purpose Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) targeting plus endocrine therapy (ET) improved clinical benefit in HER2-positive, hormone receptor (HR)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) versus ET alone. Dual HER2 blockade enhances clinical benefit versus single HER2 blockade. The ALTERNATIVE study evaluated the efficacy and safety of dual HER2 blockade plus aromatase inhibitor (AI) in postmenopausal women with HER2-positive/HR-positive MBC who received prior ET and prior neo(adjuvant)/first-line trastuzumab (TRAS) plus chemotherapy...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244498/labile-low-valent-tin-azides-syntheses-structural-characterization-and-thermal-properties
#10
Rory Campbell, Sumit Konar, Steven Hunter, Colin Pulham, Peter Portius
The first two examples of the class of tetracoordinate low-valent, mixed-ligand tin azido complexes, Sn(N3)2(L)2, are shown to form upon reaction of SnCl2 with NaN3 and SnF2 with Me3SiN3 in either pyridine or 4-picoline (2, L = py; 3, L = pic). These adducts of Sn(N3)2 are shock- and friction-insensitive and stable at r.t. under an atmosphere of pyridine or picoline, respectively. A new, fast, and efficient method for the preparation of Sn(N3)2 (1) directly from SnF2, and by the stepwise de-coordination of py from 2 at r...
December 15, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244241/vitamin-d-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-based-on-data-free-of-hawthorne-effect
#11
Yanbo Zhang, Yunhui Gong, Hongmei Xue, Jingyuan Xiong, Guo Cheng
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasingly prevalent disorder, associated with low blood vitamin D (VD) level. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between VD and GDM. SEARCH STRATEGY: EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane library and China Biology Medicine disc were searched till May 2017. The references of previous studies were screened. SELECTION CRITERIA: Observational studies on the relationship between VD and GDM free from Hawthorne effect and randomized controlled trials of VD supplementation during pregnancy for preventing or treating GDM were included...
December 15, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244165/processing-conditions-and-endpoint-temperature-effects-on-development-of-pink-defect-without-pink-generating-ligands-in-cooked-ground-turkey-breast
#12
James R Claus, Jong Youn Jeong
This study was conducted to characterize the pink pigments associated with storing presalted (2%) and ground turkey breast trim at different processing conditions. Four treatments included: treatment (no NaCl, stored for 7 d before being cooked), treatment 2 (NaCl added and stored for 7 d before being cooked), treatment 3 (NaCl added and immediately cooked), and treatment 4 (stored for 7 d before NaCl added and cooked). All treatments were cooked to 4 endpoint temperatures (71.1, 73.9, 76.7, and 79.4°C). Processing conditions affected the pink defect in cooked ground turkey breast...
December 13, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244138/long-term-results-of-responsive-neurostimulation-in-different-seizure-onset-locations
#13
Nathaniel D Sisterson, R Mark Richardson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244100/invasive-insular-sampling-in-pediatric-epilepsy-a-single-institution-experience
#14
Luke D Tomycz, Andrew T Hale, Ali S Haider, Dave F Clarke, Mark R Lee
BACKGROUND: It has been increasingly recognized that the insular cortex plays an important role in frontotemporal-parietal epilepsy in children. The insula, however, cannot be properly interrogated with conventional subdural grids, and its anatomy makes it difficult to implicate the insula with semiology or noninvasive modalities. Frame-based, stereotactic placement of insular depth electrodes for direct extraoperative monitoring is a relatively low-risk maneuver that allows for conclusive interrogation of this region, and, in select cases, can easily be replaced with a laser applicator for minimally invasive treatment via thermoablation...
December 13, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244099/the-role-of-vitamin-d-in-adipogenesis
#15
Clare F Dix, Johanna L Barcley, Olivia R L Wright
Vitamin D, a secosteroid predominately obtained by endogenous production, has in recent years been linked to obesity and its comorbidities. The purpose of this review is to draw conclusions from animal and human studies on the effects of vitamin D on adipogenesis to identify the molecular links between vitamin D and obesity. The information presented herein was obtained from 4 databases (PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Scopus) using predefined search terms, as well as research literature and other reviews...
December 13, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244098/clemastine-rescues-myelination-defects-and-promotes-functional-recovery-in-hypoxic-brain-injury
#16
Bruce A C Cree, Jianqin Niu, Kimberly K Hoi, Chao Zhao, Scott D Caganap, Roland G Henry, Dang Q Dao, Daniel R Zollinger, Feng Mei, Yun-An A Shen, Robin J M Franklin, Erik M Ullian, Lan Xiao, Jonah R Chan, Stephen P J Fancy
Hypoxia can injure brain white matter tracts, comprised of axons and myelinating oligodendrocytes, leading to cerebral palsy in neonates and delayed post-hypoxic leukoencephalopathy (DPHL) in adults. In these conditions, white matter injury can be followed by myelin regeneration, but myelination often fails and is a significant contributor to fixed demyelinated lesions, with ensuing permanent neurological injury. Non-myelinating oligodendrocyte precursor cells are often found in lesions in plentiful numbers, but fail to mature, suggesting oligodendrocyte precursor cell differentiation arrest as a critical contributor to failed myelination in hypoxia...
December 13, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244072/impact-of-prediagnostic-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-on-colorectal-cancer-prognosis-a-meta-analysis-of-individual-patient-data-from-cohorts-within-the-chances-consortium
#17
J M Ordóñez-Me, V Walter, B Schöttker, M Jenab, M G O'Doherty, F Kee, B Bueno-de-Mesquita, P H M Peeters, B H Stricker, R Ruiter, A Hofman, S Söderberg, P Jousilahti, K Kuulasmaa, N D Freedman, T Wilsgaard, A Wolk, L M Nilsson, A Tjønneland, J R Quirós, F J B van Duijnhoven, P D Siersema, P Boffetta, A Trichopoulou, H Brenner
Background: Smoking has been associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality in previous studies and might also be associated with prognosis after CRC diagnosis. However, current evidence on smoking in association with CRC prognosis is limited. Patients and methods: For this individual patient data meta-analysis, sociodemographic and smoking behavior information of 12,414 incident CRC patients (median age at diagnosis: 64.3 years), recruited within 14 prospective cohort studies among previously cancer-free adults, was collected at baseline and harmonized across studies...
December 13, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243972/endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-and-choroid-plexus-cauterization-in-infant-hydrocephalus-a-prospective-study-by-the-hydrocephalus-clinical-research-network
#18
Abhaya V Kulkarni, Jay Riva-Cambrin, Curtis J Rozzelle, Robert P Naftel, Jessica S Alvey, Ron W Reeder, Richard Holubkov, Samuel R Browd, D Douglas Cochrane, David D Limbrick, Tamara D Simon, Mandeep Tamber, John C Wellons, William E Whitehead, John R W Kestle
OBJECTIVE High-quality data comparing endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) with choroid plexus cauterization (CPC) to shunt and ETV alone in North America are greatly lacking. To address this, the Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN) conducted a prospective study of ETV+CPC in infants. Here, these prospective data are presented and compared to prospectively collected data from a historical cohort of infants treated with shunt or ETV alone. METHODS From June 2014 to September 2015, infants (corrected age ≤ 24 months) requiring treatment for hydrocephalus with anatomy suitable for ETV+CPC were entered into a prospective study at 9 HCRN centers...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243947/multiple-target-based-pharmacophore-design-from-active-site-structures
#19
P Kumar, R Kaalia, A Srinivasan, I Ghosh
Health care systems have benefitted from rational drug discovery processes like vHTS, virtual high throughput screening pharmacophores and quantitative structure-activity relationships, and many challenges have been explored using such techniques: decisions on specificity and selectivity are made after screening millions of molecules for multiple targets. Recent challenges in drug research emphasize the design of drugs that bind with more than one target of interest (multi-target) and do not bind with undesirable targets...
December 15, 2017: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243894/indications-for-and-outcomes-of-liver-transplantation-in-patients-with-alcohol-associated-liver-disease-aud
#20
Paulina K Phillips, Matthew W Caldis, Alexander D Hristov, Alexander S Lee, Michael R Lucey
The manufacture and consumption of alcohol are ubiquitous and as old as time. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is defined as a problematic pattern of alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment. The physical injuries that result from excessive alcohol consumption are varied including end-organ damage to liver (alcohol-associated liver disease or ALD), pancreas, brain and heart, and systemic consequences including several forms of cancer. Liver transplantation (LT) remains the treatment of last resort for life-threatening liver disease...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
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