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Pediatric endocrinology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739653/the-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-shifting-the-focus-to-cardiometabolic-risk-factor-clustering
#1
Sheela N Magge, Elizabeth Goodman, Sarah C Armstrong
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was developed by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III, identifying adults with at least 3 of 5 cardiometabolic risk factors (hyperglycemia, increased central adiposity, elevated triglycerides, decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and elevated blood pressure) who are at increased risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The constellation of MetS component risk factors has a shared pathophysiology and many common treatment approaches grounded in lifestyle modification...
July 24, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737859/association-between-dietary-glycemic-load-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#2
Angela Cornejo-Monthedoro, Isel Negreiros-Sánchez, Carlos Del Águila, Marlit Ysla-Marquillo, Percy Mayta-Tristán
OBJETIVE: To study the association between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and the glycemic load (GL) of food intake among obese children and adolescents seen in consultation by the endocrinology team in a pediatric referral hospital in Lima, Peru. POPULATION AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study among obese children and adolescents (body mass index ≥ 95 percentile), 10-15 years old. The MS was classified according to criteria of the International Diabetes Federation...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728265/-mass-spectrometry-combined-with-gene-analysis-for-prenatal-diagnosis-of-glutaric-acidemia-type-%C3%A2
#3
F Han, L S Han, W J Ji, T Chen, F Xu, Y Wang, J Ye, W J Qiu, H W Zhang, Y Z Jiang, C Hou, X F Gu
Objective: To investigate the value of amniotic fluid metabolite detection by mass spectrometry combined with gene mutation analysis in the prenatal diagnosis of glutaric acidemia type Ⅰ (GA-Ⅰ). Method: From January 2009 to December 2016, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Genetic, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine carried out prenatal diagnosis for 24 cases of pregnant women with GA-Ⅰproband. 24 pregnant women without organic acidemia proband for conventional prenatal diagnosis at the same period were used as the control group...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721140/serum-adipokines-and-vitamin-d-levels-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Mohamed M Ismail, Tamer A Abdel Hamid, Alshaymaa A Ibrahim, Huda Marzouk
INTRODUCTION: Adiponectin, leptin and resistin are adipokines that play important roles in the regulation of lipid and carbohydrate metabolism in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, their influence in type 1 diabetes mellitus is still unknown. The aim of this study was to measure serum adiponectin, leptin and resistin levels and to investigate their relationships with vitamin D and other clinical and laboratory parameters in patients with type 1 diabetes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty subjects with type 1 diabetes and 50 healthy age- and sex-matched subjects were selected from the Endocrinology Outpatient Clinic of Cairo University Pediatrics Hospital...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719905/childhood-onset-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-clinical-hormonal-and-radiological-assessment-in-a-single-center-in-china
#5
Hongbo Yang, Huijuan Zhu, Xuemin Yan, Hui Pan
BACKGROUND: Although growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is an important issue in pediatric patients, adult GHD (AGHD) is a neglected field of endocrinology in China. The aim of this study is to characterize the clinical, hormonal, and radiological features in childhood-onset AGHD (CO AGHD) in a single center in China and to compare them with counterparts from Japan. METHODS: The medical records of 78 Chinese patients with CO AGHD were reviewed and compared with data from the HypoCCS database study from Japan (N = 69)...
July 18, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715814/the-impact-of-adolescent-obesity-on-adult-height
#6
Avivit Brener, Rachel Bello, Yael Lebenthal, Michal Jacobowitz-Gavan, Moshe Phillip, Shlomit Shalitin
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a major health concern. Excess adiposity during childhood affects growth and puberty. Our aim was to assess whether genetic adult height is compromised in adolescents with obesity. METHODS: In a retrospective study of 190 obese patients followed at our Pediatric Endocrinology Institute, adult height and delta height (the difference between adult height and mid-parental height) were compared to those of 150 healthy age-matched normal-weight controls...
July 14, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705803/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-care-of-girls-and-women-with-turner-syndrome-proceedings-from-the-2016-cincinnati-international-turner-syndrome-meeting
#7
Claus H Gravholt, Niels H Andersen, Gerard S Conway, Olaf M Dekkers, Mitchell E Geffner, Karen O Klein, Angela E Lin, Nelly Mauras, Charmian A Quigley, Karen Rubin, David E Sandberg, Theo C J Sas, Michael Silberbach, Viveca Söderström-Anttila, Kirstine Stochholm, Janielle A van Alfen-van derVelden, Joachim Woelfle, Philippe F Backeljauw
Turner syndrome affects 25-50 per 100,000 females and can involve multiple organs through all stages of life, necessitating multidisciplinary approach to care. Previous guidelines have highlighted this, but numerous important advances have been noted recently. These advances cover all specialty fields involved in the care of girls and women with TS. This paper is based on an international effort that started with exploratory meetings in 2014 in both Europe and the USA, and culminated with a Consensus Meeting held in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA in July 2016...
September 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693116/long-term-follow-up-of-a-child-with-klinefelter-syndrome-and-achondroplasia-from-infancy-to-16-years
#8
Jessica D Arditi, Loretta Thomaidis, Helen Frysira, Artemis Doulgeraki, George P Chrousos, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein
BACKGROUND: Achondroplasia (ACH), an autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia, occurs in approximately 1:20,000 births. On the other hand, 47,XXY aneuploidy (Klinefelter syndrome [KS]) is the most common sex chromosome disorder, with a prevalence of approximately 1:600 males. To the best of our knowledge, only five cases of patients presenting both ACH and KS have been reported to date in the international literature. However, none of these cases has been longitudinally followed during the entire childhood...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690984/the-rapid-internationalization-of-annals-of-pediatric-endocrinology-metabolism-as-evidenced-by-journal-metrics
#9
Sun Huh
PURPOSE: Using journal metrics, this paper explores whether Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism has internationalized 4 years after changing its language to English only. METHODS: From the journal's website and the Web of Science Core Collection, the following metrics were counted or calculated: Number of citable articles, countries of authors and editorial board members, total citations, impact factor, countries of citing authors, citing journal titles, and Hirsch index...
June 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682782/pubertal-assessment-a-national-survey-of-attitudes-knowledge-and-practices-of-the-us-pediatric-trainees
#10
Aditi Khokhar, Yagnaram Ravichandran, Dimitre G Stefanov, Sheila Perez-Colon
Background and objective Sex maturity rating (SMR), defines different levels of sexual maturity, based on the development of secondary sexual characteristics. Periodic assessment of pubertal maturation by physicians is crucial for timely identification of puberty-related disorders. With this pilot study, we aimed to assess the attitudes, knowledge and practices of pubertal assessment by current US pediatric trainees. Methods An anonymous online survey questionnaire was sent to categorical pediatric residents at different levels of training and pediatric chief residents across the US...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672740/long-term-follow-up-of-a-child-with-klinefelter-syndrome-and-achondroplasia-from-infancy-to-16-years
#11
Jessica D Arditi, Loretta Thomaidis, Helen Frysira, Artemis Doulgeraki, George P Chrousos, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein
BACKGROUND: Achondroplasia (ACH), an autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia, occurs in approximately 1:20,000 births. On the other hand, 47,XXY aneuploidy (Klinefelter syndrome [KS]) is the most common sex chromosome disorder, with a prevalence of approximately 1:600 males. To the best of our knowledge, only five cases of patients presenting both ACH and KS have been reported to date in the international literature. However, none of these cases has been longitudinally followed during the entire childhood...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639064/whole-lipid-profile-and-not-only-hdl-cholesterol-is-impaired-in-children-with-coexisting-type-1-diabetes-and-untreated-celiac-disease
#12
Silvana Salardi, Giulio Maltoni, Stefano Zucchini, Dario Iafusco, Angela Zanfardino, Santino Confetto, Sonia Toni, Maximiliano Zioutas, Marco Marigliano, Vittoria Cauvin, Roberto Franceschi, Ivana Rabbone, Barbara Predieri, Riccardo Schiaffini, Alessandro Salvatoni
AIMS: Low HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) levels have been described in patients with coexisting type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD). Data on other possible lipid abnormalities that could further increase cardiovascular risk in these patients are scarce and incomplete. Aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to evaluate whole lipid profiles, besides HDL-C, in children with T1DM associated with biopsy-proven CD, and to investigate the influence of age and degree of adherence to gluten-free diet (GFD) on lipid changes...
June 21, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634534/etiological-factors-of-short-stature-in-children-and-adolescents-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-egypt
#13
Almontaser Hussein, Hekma Farghaly, Eman Askar, Kotb Metwalley, Khaled Saad, Asmaa Zahran, Hisham A Othman
BACKGROUND: Accurate anthropometric measurements and critical analysis of growth data allow the clinician to promptly recognize children with short stature. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of etiological factors causing short stature among children referred to the pediatric endocrinology clinic of Assiut University Children's Hospital, the main tertiary care center in Upper Egypt. METHODS: We conducted this descriptive observational study from May 2012 to December 2015, to analyze 637 children (boys 354, girls 283) with short stature...
May 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593868/pediatric-endocrinology-is-pediatrics-is-public-health
#14
Wieland Kiess, Melanie Penke, Jürgen Kratzsch, Mandy Vogel, Thomas Kapellen, Julia Hoppmann, Julia Gesing, Ruth Gausche, Sabine Klamt, Antje Körner, Roland Pfäffle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592005/-type-2-diabetes-in-the-child-and-adolescent-consensus-in-china
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#16
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558814/approach-to-growth-hormone-therapy-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-varies-across-north-america-the-midwest-pediatric-nephrology-consortium-report
#17
Oleh M Akchurin, Amy J Kogon, Juhi Kumar, Christine B Sethna, Hoda T Hammad, Paul J Christos, John D Mahan, Larry A Greenbaum, Robert Woroniecki
BACKGROUND: Growth impairment remains common in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Available literature indicates low level of recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) utilization in short children with CKD. Despite efforts at consensus guidelines, lack of high-level evidence continues to complicate rhGH therapy decision-making and the level of practice variability in rhGH treatment by pediatric nephrologists is unknown. METHODS: Cross-sectional online survey electronically distributed to pediatric nephrologists through the Midwest Pediatric Nephrology Consortium and American Society of Pediatric Nephrology...
May 30, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557237/disorders-of-sex-development-dsd-clinical-service-delivery-in-the-united-states
#18
Aimee M Rolston, Melissa Gardner, Kathleen van Leeuwen, Lauren Mohnach, Catherine Keegan, Emmanuèle Délot, Eric Vilain, David E Sandberg
Following the principles of care recommended in the 2006 Consensus Statement on Disorders of Sex Development (DSD), along with input from representatives of peer support and advocacy groups, this study surveyed DSD clinical management practices at healthcare facilities in the United States. DSD are congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomic sex is atypical. Facilities providing care for patients with DSD were targeted for participation. Specialty providers completed a survey with questions in six broad categories: Institution Information, Nomenclature and Care Guidelines, Interdisciplinary Services, Staff and Community Education, DSD Management, and Research...
June 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534683/transfer-from-pediatric-to-adult-endocrinology
#19
Marybeth R Jones, Brett W Robbins, Marilyn Augustine, Jackie Doyle, Jean Mack-Fogg, Heather Jones, Patience H White
OBJECTIVE: Adult and pediatric endocrinologists share responsibility for the transition of youth with type 1 diabetes from pediatric to adult healthcare. This study aimed to increase successful transfers to adult care in subspecialty practices by establishing a systematic healthcare transition (HCT) process. METHODS: Providers from the adult and pediatric endocrinology divisions at the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) met monthly to customize and integrate the 6 Core Elements (6CEs) of HCT into clinical workflows...
May 23, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526006/cardiometabolic-profile-of-obese-children-in-a-sub-saharan-african-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo, Olivier Koki Ndombo
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabolic complications associated with childhood obesity at the early phase of the management of obese children in a reference center in Cameroon. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study conducted from November 2013 to September 2014 and based on World Health Organization (WHO) classification of Obesity (BMI > 3SD under 5 years and BMI > 2SD from 5 and above), we included children aged 3 to 17 years who were being followed up for obesity at the pediatric endocrinology unit of the Mother and Child Center of the Chantal BIYA Foundation in Yaounde, Cameroon...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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