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Alaa Mohamed, W S Nasser, T A Osman, M S Toprak, M Muhammed, A Uheida
A novel material composite nanofibers (PAN-CNT/TiO2-NH2) based on adsorption of Cr(VI) ions, was applied. Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and carbon nanotube (CNTs)/titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2) functionalized with amine groups (TiO2-NH2) composite nanofibers have been fabricated by electrospinning. The nanostructures and the formation process mechanism of the obtained PAN-CNT/TiO2-NH2 composite nanofibers are investigated using FTIR, XRD, XPS, SEM, and TEM. The composite nanofibers were used as a novel adsorbent for removing toxic chromium Cr(VI) in aqueous solution...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Zhi-Juan Li, Jiang-Yang Shao, Yu-Wu Zhong
Two cyclometalated ruthenium complexes 2 and 4 containing a redox-active amine substituent and three carboxylic acid groups were synthesized, where the ruthenium ion and the amine site were separated by a phenyl or biphenyl bridge for 2 and 4, respectively. Nanocrystalline TiO2 films on fluorine doped SnO2 (FTO)/glass substrates anchored with 2 or 4 were prepared. These films display two consecutive anodic waves in the potential region between +0.1 and +1.0 V vs Ag/AgCl. Among four organic solvents examined, the FTO/TiO2/2 film displays the best cyclic electrochemical stability in ClCH2CH2Cl...
June 27, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Hanna M Maltanava, Sergey K Poznyak, Daria V Andreeva, Marcela C Quevedo, Alexandre C Bastos, João Tedim, Mario G S Ferreira, Ekaterina V Skorb
Energy transfer reactions are the key for living open systems, biological chemical networking and development of life inspired nanoscale machineries. It is a challenge to find simple reliable synthetic chemical networks providing a localization of the time dependent flux of matter. In this paper we look to photocatalytic reaction on TiO2 from different angle focusing on proton generation and introduce a reliable, minimal reagent consuming, stable inorganic light promoted proton pump. Localized illumination was applied to a TiO2 surface in solution for reversible spatially controlled "inorganic photoproton" isometric cycling, the lateral separation of water splitting reactions...
June 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Keisuke Wada, Chandana Sampath Kumara Ranasinghe, Ryo Kuriki, Akira Yamakata, Osamu Ishitani, Kazuhiko Maeda
Metal-complex/semiconductor hybrids have attracted attention as photocatalysts for visible-light CO2 reduction, and electron transfer from metal complex to semiconductor is critically important to improve the performance. Here rutile TiO2 nanoparticles having 5-10 nm in size were employed as modifiers to improve interfacial charge transfer between semiconducting carbon nitride nanosheets (NS-C3N4) and a supramolecular Ru(II)-Re(I) binuclear complex (RuRe). The RuRe/TiO2/NS-C3N4 hybrid was capable of photocatalyzing CO2 reduction into CO with high selectivity under visible light (λ > 400 nm), outperforming an analogue without TiO2 by a factor of 4, in terms of both CO formation rate and turnover number (TON)...
June 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shiva Mohajernia, Seyedsina Hejazi, Anca Mazare, Nhat Truong Nguyen, Patrik Schmuki
In the present work we report on the key factors dictating the photo-electrochemical (PEC) performance of suboxide titania (TiOx) nanotubes. TiOx nanotubes were produced by a systematic variation of reduction heat treatments of TiO2 in Ar/H2. The properties of the TiOx tubes were investigated by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), solid-state conductivity, reflectivity measurements, photocurrent spectroscopy, and photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution...
June 27, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Al-Mahmnur Alam, KyungNae Baek, Jieun Son, Yi-Rong Pei, Dong Ha Kim, Jin-Ho Choy, Jerome Kartham Hyun
Single particle Mie calculations of near micron-sized TiO2 particles predict strong light scattering dominating the visible range that would give rise to a white appearance. We demonstrate that a polydisperse collection of these 'white' particles can result in the generation of visible colors through ensemble scattering. The weighted averaging of the scattering over the particle size distribution modifies the sharp, multiple, high order scattering modes from individual particles into broad variations in the collective extinction...
June 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jindong Wang, Wenzhi Li, Huizhen Wang, Qiaozhi Ma, Song Li, Hou-Min Chang, Hasan Jameel
In this study, a novel catalyst, S2O8(2-)-KNO3/TiO2, which has active acidic and basic sites, was prepared and used in lignin hydrocracking with a co-catalyst, Ru/C. Ru/C is an efficient hydrogenation catalyst and S2O8(2-)-KNO3/TiO2 is a dual catalyst, which could efficiently degrade lignin. This catalytic hydrogenation system can reduce solid products to less than 1%, while giving a high liquid product yield of 93%. Catalytic hydrocracking of kraft lignin at 320°C for 6h gave 93% liquid product with 0.5% solid product...
June 8, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Zahra Zahra, Naima Waseem, Rubab Zahra, Hwanhui Lee, Mohsin Ali Badshah, Arshad Mehmood, Hyung-Kyoon Choi, Muhammad Arshad
Plants have natural ability to withstand stress conditions through metabolic adjustments. The present study aimed at investigating effects of Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) application (0, 25, 50, 150, 250, 500 and 750 mg kg-1) in phosphorus deficient soil in terms of growth responses, P contents and metabolic alterations in rice. TiO2 NPs application increased shoot length up to 14.5%. Phosphorus contents in rice roots, shoots, and grains were increased by 2.6-, 2.4-, and 1.3-fold, respectively at 750 mg kg-1 of TiO2 NPs...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Sheng Wang, Zhenzhen Jiang, Shenshen Ouyang, Zhipeng Dai, Tao Wang
We describe a highly effective bubble-propelled nanomotor for the photocatalytic decomposition of organic pollutants in water. Two different tubular TiO2 nanomotor systems are presented: one with Pt nanoparticles decorated on the inner surface and the other with Pt nanoparticles decorated on the outer surface. This is the first time that we have observed the autonomous movement of a tubular nanomotor without the aid of any surfactant, as well as a tubular nanomotor externally decorated with Pt propelled by oxygen bubbles...
June 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhongquan Wan, Chunyang Jia, Yan Wang, Xiao-Jun Yao
Rhodanine-3-acetic acid is a very important and common electron acceptor of organic dye for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). However, the photovoltaic performances of organic dyes with rhodanine-3-acetic acid are relatively poor in the great majority of cases due to its nonconjugated structure between rhodanine ring and carboxyl anchoring group. Herein, a rhodanine derivative with conjugated structure between rhodanine ring and anchoring group is first employed as electron acceptor for TiO2-based DSSCs. Organic dye with this conjugated electron acceptor can not only maintain wide absorption spectrum, but also greatly improve the electronic structure and adsorption geometry on TiO2, which significantly enhances the electron injection and slows the charge recombination...
June 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nuo Yu, Yong Hu, Xiaoyong Wang, Gang Liu, Zhaojie Wang, Zixiao Liu, Qiwei Tian, Meifang Zhu, Xiangyang Shi, Zhigang Chen
Conventional wide bandgap semiconductors can absorb UV/visible light but have no photoabsorption band in the near-infrared (NIR) region, leading to difficulty in their use as NIR-responsive agents. With TiO2 as an example, we report the tuning from UV-responsive TiO2 nanocrystals to blue TiO2 nanocrystals with newly appeared NIR absorption band through the Nb-doping strategy. A strong NIR band should result from the localized surface plasmon resonances due to the considerable free electrons originating from the efficient incorporation of Nb(5+) ions (<15...
June 26, 2017: Nanoscale
Dezhong Zhang, Chunyu Liu, Ruiliang Xu, Bo Yin, Yu Chen, Xindong Zhang, Fengli Gao, Shengping Ruan
A novel dark self-depleting ultraviolet (UV) photodetector basing on the TiO2/NiO pn heterojunction was demonstrated with lower dark current (Idark) and noise. The NiO layer and Ni/Au composite electrode were fabricated by the smart one-step oxidation method, which was firstly employed in the fabrication of UV photodetector. In dark, the depleted pn heterojunction structure could effectively reduce the majority carrier density in TiO2/NiO films, demonstrating high resistance state, which contributed to the lower Idark of 0...
June 26, 2017: Nanotechnology
Junjun Jia, Kenta Taniyama, Masaaki Imura, Toshimasa Kanai, Yuzo Shigesato
Sputter-deposited TiO2 films with high visible-light photocatalytic activity were successfully realized by a hybrid TiO2/Pt/WO3 film structure with Pt nanoparticles uniformly distributed at the interface of the TiO2 and WO3 films. The TiO2/Pt/WO3 hybrid films enable the complete decomposition of CH3CHO under visible-light irradiation. The water contact angle of the TiO2/Pt/WO3 hybrid films reaches below 5° under visible-light irradiation. Pt nanoparticles are considered to act as a cocatalyst to improve the electron-hole separation efficiency...
June 26, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Milad Jourshabani, Zahra Shariatinia, Alireza Badiei
Mesoporous sulfur-doped graphitic carbon nitride (MCNS) materials were successfully synthesized using thiourea as a low cost precursor and SiO2 gel solution as a template through a simple thermal condensation method. The effects of three synthesis key factors, namely reaction temperature, reaction time, weight ratio of SiO2/thiourea and also their interactions on the removal rate of methyl orange (MO) were investigated using response surface methodology (RSM) and the samples were subjected to several characterization techniques...
June 26, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Hui Fang, Bolei Xu, Xia Li, Danielle L Kuhn, Zachary Zander, Guocai Tian, Victoria Chen, Rosa Chu, Brendan G DeLacy, Yi Rao, Hai-Lung Dai
Interactions of molecules with the surface of TiO2 particles are of fundamental and technological importance. One example is that the adsorption density and energy of the dye molecules on TiO2 particles affect the efficiency of dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC). In this work, we present measurements characterizing the adsorption of the two isomers, para-ethyl red (p-ER) and ortho-ethyl red (o-ER), of a dye molecule potentially applicable for DSSC onto TiO2 particles by Second Harmonic Scattering (SHS). It is found that while at the wavelengths used here o-ER has a much bigger molecular hyperpolarizability, p-ER exhibits strong SHS responses but o-ER gives no detectable SHS when the dyes are added to the TiO2 colloids respectively...
June 24, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Xiaoran Wei, Junchao Yu, Lei Ding, Jingtian Hu, Wei Jiang
Engineered oxide nanoparticles (NPs) are widely applied in insulators, catalyzers, paints, cosmetic products, textiles and semiconductors. Their attachment on cell membrane may lead to cytotoxicity. The effects of Al2O3, Fe2O3, SiO2, TiO2 and ZnO NPs on membrane integrity and fluidity were studied using giant or small unilamellar vesicles in this study. Al2O3 and SiO2 NPs disrupted the oppositely charged membrane, indicating the important role of electrostatic attraction. However, Fe2O3, TiO2 and ZnO NPs did not cause serious membrane disruption as Al2O3 and SiO2 NPs...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Jianfeng Zhang, Timothy E Brutus, Jiemin Cheng, Xiaoguang Meng
Batch experiments were conducted to evaluate fluoride removal by Al, Fe, and Ti-based coagulants and adsorbents, as well as the effects of coexisting ions and formation of aluminum-fluoride complexes on fluoride removal by co-precipitation with alum (Al2(SO4)3·18H2O). Aluminum sulfate was more efficient than the other coagulants for fluoride removal in the pH range between 6 and 8. Nano-crystalline TiO2 was more effective for fluoride removal than Al and Fe hydroxides in a pH range of 3-5. Coexisting anions in water decreased the removal of fluoride in the order: phosphate (2...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Tengfei Xu, Xiaodong Wu, Xuesong Liu, Li Cao, Qiwei Lin, Duan Weng
Sulfur poisoning of V2O5/BaSO4-TiO2 (VBT), V2O5/WO3-TiO2 (VWT) and V2O5/BaSO4-WO3-TiO2 (VBWT) catalysts was performed in wet air at 350°C for 3hr, and activities for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 were evaluated for 200-500°C. The VBT catalyst showed higher NOx conversions after sulfur poisoning than the other two catalysts. The introduction of barium sulfate contributed to strong acid sites for the as-received catalyst, and eliminated the redox cycle of active vanadium oxide to some extent, which resulted in a certain loss of activity...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Bui The Huy, Da-Som Jung, Nguyen Thi Kim Phuong, Yong-Ill Lee
A novel TiO2@MgO-Fe2O3 core-shell structure has been synthesized via a hydrolysis and co-precipitation method followed by calcination at 500 °C and has proven to be an efficient photocatalyst. The obtained TiO2@MgO-Fe2O3 core-shell was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and UV-Vis diffused reflectance techniques. Its photocatalytic activity toward 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was investigated in aqueous solutions with and without visible light irradiation in the presence and absence of hydrogen peroxide...
June 17, 2017: Chemosphere
Fashui Hong, Yaoming Zhou, Yingjun Zhou, Ling Wang
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) have been extensively used in industry, medicine, and daily life, and have shown potential toxic effects for animals or humans. We noted that the effects of TiO2 NPs on the immune system and its mechanism of action in animals or humans have not been elucidated. Thus, mice were exposed to the TiO2 NPs (0, 1.25, 2.5, or 5 mg kg(-1) body weight) for 9 consecutive months. Exposure to TiO2 NPs was accumulated in the thymus, leading to a decrease in body weight and increases in the weight of the thymus or thymus indices...
June 24, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
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