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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650647/highly-efficient-and-stable-sn-rich-perovskite-solar-cells-by-introducing-bromine
#1
Seojun Lee, Dong-Won Kang
Compositional engineering of recently-arising methylammonium (MA) lead (Pb) halide based perovskites is an essential approach for finding better perovskite compositions to resolve still remaining issues of toxic Pb, and long-term instability, etc. In this work, we carried out crystallographic, morphological, optical, and photovoltaic characterization of compositional MASn0.6Pb0.4I3-xBrx by gradually introducing bromine (Br) into parental Pb-Sn binary perovskite (MASn0.6Pb0.4I3) to elucidate its function in Sn-rich (Sn : Pb = 6 : 4) perovskites...
June 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650580/single-atomically-sharp-lateral-monolayer-p-n-heterojunction-solar-cells-with-extraordinarily-high-power-conversion-efficiency
#2
Meng-Lin Tsai, Ming-Yang Li, José Ramón Durán Retamal, Kai-Tak Lam, Yung-Chang Lin, Kazu Suenaga, Lih-Juann Chen, Gengchiau Liang, Lain-Jong Li, Jr-Hau He
The recent development of 2D monolayer lateral semiconductor has created new paradigm to develop p-n heterojunctions. Albeit, the growth methods of these heterostructures typically result in alloy structures at the interface, limiting the development for high-efficiency photovoltaic (PV) devices. Here, the PV properties of sequentially grown alloy-free 2D monolayer WSe2 -MoS2 lateral p-n heterojunction are explores. The PV devices show an extraordinary power conversion efficiency of 2.56% under AM 1.5G illumination...
June 26, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650139/a-strategy-to-boost-the-efficiency-of-rhodanine-electron-acceptor-for-organic-dye-from-nonconjugation-to-conjugation
#3
Zhongquan Wan, Chunyang Jia, Yan Wang, Xiao-Jun Yao
Rhodanine-3-acetic acid is a very important and common electron acceptor of organic dye for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). However, the photovoltaic performances of organic dyes with rhodanine-3-acetic acid are relatively poor in the great majority of cases due to its nonconjugated structure between rhodanine ring and carboxyl anchoring group. Herein, a rhodanine derivative with conjugated structure between rhodanine ring and anchoring group is first employed as electron acceptor for TiO2-based DSSCs. Organic dye with this conjugated electron acceptor can not only maintain wide absorption spectrum, but also greatly improve the electronic structure and adsorption geometry on TiO2, which significantly enhances the electron injection and slows the charge recombination...
June 26, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650097/low-cost-perovskite-solar-cells-employing-dimethoxydiphenylamine-substituted-bistricyclic-aromatic-enes-as-hole-transporting-materials
#4
Mohammad Khaja Nazeeruddin, Kasparas Rakstys, Sanghyun Paek, Giulia Grancini, Peng Gao, Vygintas Jankauskas, Abdullah M Asiri
The synthesis, characterization and photovoltaic performance of series of novel molecular hole transporting materials (HTMs) based on bistricyclic aromatic enes (BAEs) are presented. The new derivatives have been obtained following the simple and straightforward two-step procedure from inexpensive starting reagents mimicking the synthetically challenging 9,9'-spirobifluorene moiety of the well-studied spiro-OMeTAD. The novel HTMs are tested in mixed caions and anions perovskite solar cells (PSCs) yielding power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 19...
June 26, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649964/characterization-of-opto-electrical-enhancement-of-tandem-photoelectrochemical-cells-by-using-photoconductive-afm
#5
Sun-Young Park, Rick Elbersen, Jurriaan Huskens, Han Gardeniers, Joo-Yul Lee, Guido Mul, Jinhee Heo
Solar-to-hydrogen conversion by water splitting in photoelectrochemical cells (PECs) is a promising approach to alleviate problems associated with intermittency in solar energy supply and demand. Several interfacial resistances in photoelectrodes limit the performance of such cells, while the properties of interfaces are not easy to analyze in situ. We applied photoconductive-AFM to analyze the performance of WO3/p(+)n Si photoanodes, containing an ultra-thin metal interface of either Au or Pt. The Au interface consisted of Au nanoparticles with well-ordered interspacing, while Pt was present in the form of a continuous film...
June 26, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649837/methylammonium-lead-bromide-perovskite-light-emitting-diodes-by-chemical-vapor-deposition
#6
Matthew R Leyden, Lingqiang Meng, Yan Jiang, Luis K Ono, Longbin Qiu, Emilio J Juárez-Pérez, Chuanjiang Qin, Chihaya Adachi, Yabing Qi
Organo-lead-halide perovskites are promising materials for optoelectronic applications. Perovskite solar cells have reached power conversion efficiencies over 22% and perovskite light emitting diodes have recently achieved over 11% external quantum efficiency. To date, most research on perovskite light emitting diodes has focused on solution processed films. There are many advantages of a vapor based growth process to prepare perovskite, including ease of patterning, ability to batch process, and material compatibility...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649139/kinetics-and-photochemistry-of-ruthenium-bisbipyridine-diacetonitrile-complexes-an-interdisciplinary-inorganic-and-physical-chemistry-laboratory-exercise
#7
Teresa L Rapp, Susan R Phillips, Ivan J Dmochowski
The study of ruthenium polypyridyl complexes can be widely applied across disciplines in the undergraduate curriculum. Ruthenium photochemistry has advanced many fields including dye-sensitized solar cells, photoredox catalysis, light-driven water oxidation, and biological electron transfer. Equally promising are ruthenium polypyridyl complexes that provide a sterically bulky, photolabile moiety for transiently "caging" biologically active molecules. Photouncaging involves the use of visible (1-photon) or near-IR (2-photon) light to break one or more bonds between ruthenium and coordinated ligand(s), which can occur on short time scales and in high quantum yields...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Chemical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648073/effects-of-molecular-structure-and-solvent-polarity-on-adsorption-of-carboxylic-anchoring-dyes-onto-tio2-particles-in-aprotic-solvents
#8
Hui Fang, Bolei Xu, Xia Li, Danielle L Kuhn, Zachary Zander, Guocai Tian, Victoria Chen, Rosa Chu, Brendan G DeLacy, Yi Rao, Hai-Lung Dai
Interactions of molecules with the surface of TiO2 particles are of fundamental and technological importance. One example is that the adsorption density and energy of the dye molecules on TiO2 particles affect the efficiency of dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC). In this work, we present measurements characterizing the adsorption of the two isomers, para-ethyl red (p-ER) and ortho-ethyl red (o-ER), of a dye molecule potentially applicable for DSSC onto TiO2 particles by Second Harmonic Scattering (SHS). It is found that while at the wavelengths used here o-ER has a much bigger molecular hyperpolarizability, p-ER exhibits strong SHS responses but o-ER gives no detectable SHS when the dyes are added to the TiO2 colloids respectively...
June 24, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646167/effectively-infinite-optical-path-length-created-using-a-simple-cubic-photonic-crystal-for-extreme-light-trapping
#9
Brian J Frey, Ping Kuang, Mei-Li Hsieh, Jian-Hua Jiang, Sajeev John, Shawn-Yu Lin
A 900 nm thick TiO2 simple cubic photonic crystal with lattice constant 450 nm was fabricated and used to experimentally validate a newly-discovered mechanism for extreme light-bending. Absorption enhancement was observed extending 1-2 orders of magnitude over that of a reference TiO2 film. Several enhancement peaks in the region from 600-950 nm were identified, which far exceed both the ergodic fundamental limit and the limit based on surface-gratings, with some peaks exceeding 100 times enhancement...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644493/photoelectrochemical-devices-for-solar-water-splitting-materials-and-challenges
#10
Chaoran Jiang, Savio J A Moniz, Aiqin Wang, Tao Zhang, Junwang Tang
It is widely accepted within the community that to achieve a sustainable society with an energy mix primarily based on solar energy we need an efficient strategy to convert and store sunlight into chemical fuels. A photoelectrochemical (PEC) device would therefore play a key role in offering the possibility of carbon-neutral solar fuel production through artificial photosynthesis. The past five years have seen a surge in the development of promising semiconductor materials. In addition, low-cost earth-abundant co-catalysts are ubiquitous in their employment in water splitting cells due to the sluggish kinetics of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER)...
June 23, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644033/direct-indirect-nature-of-the-bandgap-in-lead-free-perovskite-nanocrystals
#11
Yuhai Zhang, Jun Yin, Manas R Parida, Ghada H Ahmed, Jun Pan, Osman M Bakr, Jean-Luc Bredas, Omar F Mohammed
With record efficiencies achieved in lead halide perovskite-based photovoltaics, urgency has shifted towards finding alternative materials that are stable and less-toxic. Bismuth-based perovskite materials are currently one of the most promising candidates amongst those alternatives. However, the band structures of these materials, including the nature of the bandgaps, remain elusive due to extremely low photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) and scattering issues in their thin-film or bulk form. Here, we overcome those limitations and reveal the specific nature of the material's electronic transitions by realizing monodisperse colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) of hexagonal-phase Cs3Bi2X9 perovskites, which afford well-resolved PL features...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643471/molecular-self-assembly-fabrication-and-carrier-dynamics-of-stable-and-efficient-ch3nh3pb-1-x-snxi3-perovskite-solar-cells
#12
Jiandong Fan, Chong Liu, Hongliang Li, Cuilin Zhang, Wenze Li, Yaohua Mai
The Sn-based perovskite solar cells (PSCs) provide the possibility that swaps the Pb element toward toxic-free PSCs. Here, we innovatively employed a molecular self-assembly approach to obtain a series CH3NH3Pb(1-x)SnxI3 (0≤x≤1) perovskite thin films with full coverage. The optimized planar CH3NH3Pb0.75Sn0.25I3 PSCs with inverted structure was consequently realized with a maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) over 14 %, which displayed a stabilized power output (SPO) over 12 % within 200 s at 0.6 V forward bias...
June 22, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641675/the-application-of-solar-cells-in-the-electrokinetic-remediation-of-metal-contaminated-sediments
#13
Natasa S Varga, Bozo D Dalmacija, Miljana Dj Prica, Djurdja V Kerkez, Milena Dj Becelic-Tomin, Jelena M Spasojevic, Dejan S Krcmar
  In this study, solar cells were used to generate an electric field for the electrokinetic remediation of metal contaminated sediment (Nickel, Cadmium, Zinc). For determination of metals mobility, bioavailability and potential toxicity, sequential extraction procedure, simultaneously extracted metals (SEM) and acid-volatile sulphide ratios (AVS) were performed before, during and after treatment.After 21 days of treatment, 63% Ni, 82% Cd and 58% Zn was removed from the anode region. The application of the electric field changed the chemical composition of the sediments...
July 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641409/citric-acid-modulated-growth-of-oriented-lead-perovskite-crystals-for-efficient-solar-cells
#14
Yunlong Guo, Wataru Sato, Kazutaka Shoyama, Henry Halim, Yuki Itabashi, Rui Shang, Eiichi Nakamura
Solar cells made of lead perovskite crystals have attracted much attention for their high performance, but far less attention as a subject of crystal engineering. Here, we report that citric acid (CA) and chloride anion, working together modulate crystal growth of CH3NH3PbI3, producing sub-mm-sized cuboid crystals-a morphology more suitable for close packing in a thin film than the commonly observed elongated dodecahedral morphology. By using a 15-wt% CA-doped precursor solution, we formed a single layer of large, flat and oriented cuboid crystals with minimum crystal domain boundaries and maximum contact with neighboring layers, and fabricated an archetypal inverted-structured device of 4-mm2 area, which showed, reproducibly and with little hysteresis, 16...
June 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641009/metal-halide-perovskites-as-mixed-electronic-ionic-conductors-challenges-and-opportunities-from-hysteresis-to-memristivity
#15
Wolfgang Tress
Metal halide perovskites are promising candidates for many classes of different optoelectronic devices. Apart from being a semiconductor, they additionally show ionic conductivity. It expresses itself in slow response times, reversible degradation, and hysteresis in the current-voltage characteristics of solar cells. This Perspective gives a condensed overview about experiments and theory on ion migration in metal halide perovskites focusing on its effects in solar cells. Apart from being a potential stability concern for photovoltaics, ion migration paired with the excellent optoelectronic properties of this material offers opportunities for novel devices such as optically controlled memristors and switchable diodes...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640993/locking-in-optimal-nanoscale-structure-induced-by-naphthalenediimide-based-polymeric-additive-enables-efficient-and-stable-inverted-polymer-solar-cells
#16
Kwang Hyun Park, Yujin An, Seungon Jung, Hyesung Park, Changduk Yang
Operational stability and high performance are the most critical issues that must be addressed in order to propel and advance the current polymer solar cell (PSC) technology to the next level such as manufacturing and mass production. Herein, we report a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 11.2% together with an excellent device stability in PTB7-Th:PC71BM-based PSCs in the inverted structure by introducing the n-type P(NDI2OD-T2) macromolecular additive (>75% PCE retention at high temperature up to 120 °C, >97% PCE retention after 6 months in inert conditions, >93% PCE retention after 2 months in air with encapsulation, and >80% PCE retention after 140 h in air without encapsulation)...
June 22, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640627/chemical-modification-of-n-type-material-naphthalene-diimide-on-ito-for-efficient-and-stable-inverted-polymer-solar-cells
#17
Zhendong Li, Yanfeng Liu, Kai-Cheng Zhang, Zhao-Wei Wang, Peng Huang, Dahua Li, Yi Zhou, Bo Song
In order to provide orthogonal solvent processible surface modification and improve device stability of bulk-heterojunction polymer solar cells (PSCs), n-type semiconducting material naphthalene diimide (NDI) was chemically introduced on ITO surface as cathode interlayer (CIL) using 3-bromopropyltrimethoxysilane (BrTMS) as coupling agent. After modification, the work function of ITO can be decreased from 4.70 eV to 4.23 eV. The modified ITO cathode was applied in inverted PSCs based on PTB7-Th:PC71BM. With the CIL modification, a champion power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 5...
June 22, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640462/hybrid-lead-halide-perovskites-for-ultrasensitive-photoactive-switching-in-terahertz-metamaterial-devices
#18
Manukumara Manjappa, Yogesh Kumar Srivastava, Ankur Solanki, Abhishek Kumar, Tze Chien Sum, Ranjan Singh
The recent meteoric rise in the field of photovoltaics with the discovery of highly efficient solar-cell devices is inspired by solution-processed organic-inorganic lead halide perovskites that exhibit unprecedented light-to-electricity conversion efficiencies. The stunning performance of perovskites is attributed to their strong photoresponsive properties that are thoroughly utilized in designing excellent perovskite solar cells, light-emitting diodes, infrared lasers, and ultrafast photodetectors. However, optoelectronic application of halide perovskites in realizing highly efficient subwavelength photonic devices has remained a challenge...
June 22, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639652/probing-single-molecule-electron-hole-transfer-dynamics-at-a-molecule-nio-semiconductor-nanocrystalline-interface
#19
Bharat Dhital, Vishal Govind Rao, H Peter Lu
Interfacial charge transfer dynamics in dye-sensitized NiO nanoparticles are being investigated for photocathodes in p-type dye-sensitized solar cells. In the photoreaction, after fast electron transfer from NiO to a molecule, the recombination of the hole in the nanoparticles with the electron in a reduced molecule plays an important role in the charge separation process and solar energy harvesting. Nevertheless, knowledge of the interfacial charge recombination (CR) rate and its mechanism is still limited due to the complex photoinduced electron and hole dynamics and lack of characterization of the inhomogeneity of the dynamics...
June 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638810/common-malignant-cutaneous-conditions-among-albinos-in-kenya
#20
Seyed Emad Emadi, Andrew Juma Suleh, Farhang Babamahmoodi, Fatemeh Ahangarkani, Vanessa Betty Chelimo, Beatrice Mutai, Seyyed Reza Raeeskarami, Alireza Ghanadan, Seyed Naser Emadi
Background: Albinos in Africa are at constant risk of developing skin cancer due to the damage caused by ultra-violet exposure. This study identifies the common skin conditions among albinos in Kenya as a country located along the equator. Methods: In this descriptive study on albino patients who were admitted to Mbagathi District Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya the census method was used for sampling and a total of 151 albinos were registered. All necessary data including age, gender, type, site and the number of skin lesions were recorded...
2017: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
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