Read by QxMD icon Read

solar cell

Bhaskar Dudem, Yeong Hwan Ko, Jung Woo Leem, Joo Ho Lim, Jae Su Yu
We report the hierarchical nano/micro architectured (HNMA)-polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) film-based hybrid energy cells with multi-functionality to simultaneously harvest mechanical, solar, and wind energies. These films consist of nano/micro dual-scale architectures (i.e., nanonipples on inverted micro pyramidal arrays) on the PDMS surface. The HNMA-PDMS is replicable by a facile and cost-effective soft imprint lithography (SIL) using a nanoporous anodic alumina oxide (AAO) film formed on the micro-pyramidal (MP) structured silicon substrate...
October 19, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Atanu Jana, Masatoshi Ishida, Jung Su Park, Steffen Bähring, Jan O Jeppesen, Jonathan L Sessler
After the epochal discovery of the "organic metal", namely, tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-7,7,8,8-tetracyano-p-quinodimethane (TCNQ) dyad in 1973, scientists have made efforts to derivatize TTF for constructing various supramolecular architectures to control the charge-transfer processes by adjusting the donor-acceptor strength of the dyads for numerous applications. The interesting inherent electronic donor properties of TTFs control the overall electrochemical properties of the supramolecular structures, leading to the construction of highly efficient optoelectronic materials, photovoltaic solar cells, organic field-effect transistors, and optical sensors...
October 18, 2016: Chemical Reviews
Teng-Fei Lu, Wei Li, Jie Chen, Fu-Quan Bai, Jian Wang, Ling-Jun He, Hong-Xing Zhang
In this work, we designed three dyes (Ru1, Ru2, and Ru3) by modifying the square-planar quadridentate ligand of the experimental Ru(ii) complex K1, [RuL(trans-NCS)2] with L = dimethyl-6,60-bis(methyl-2-pyridylamino)-2,20-bipyridine-4,40-dicarboxylate, from a theoretical viewpoint. As is known, K1 shows obvious advantages over the famous dye N749 in light absorption ability because of its highly conjugated ancillary ligands. Density functional theory and time-dependent density functional theory methods were used to determine the geometrical structures, electronic structures and absorption spectra of the dye complexes...
October 18, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chong Liu, Jiandong Fan, Hongliang Li, Cuiling Zhang, Yaohua Mai
Despite organometal halide perovskite solar cells have recently exhibited a significant leap in efficiency, the Sn-based perovskite solar cells still suffer from low efficiency. Here, a series homogeneous CH3NH3Pb(1-x)SnxI3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) perovskite thin films with full coverage were obtained via solvent engineering. In particular, the intermediate complexes of PbI2/(SnI2)∙(DMSO)x were proved to retard the crystallization of CH3NH3SnI3, thus allowing the realization of high quality Sn-introduced perovskite thin films...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Lin Ma, Feng Hao, Constantinos C Stoumpos, Brian T Phelan, Michael R Wasielewski, Mercouri G Kanatzidis
The dynamics of photoexcited lead-free perovskite films, CH3NH3SnI3, were studied using broadband transient absorption (TA) and time-resolved fluorescence (TRF) spectroscopy. Similar to its lead analogue CH3NH3PbI3, we show that free carrier (electrons and holes) recombination is also the dominant relaxation pathway in CH3NH3SnI3 films. The slow hot carrier relaxation time is 0.5 ps. Long carrier diffusion lengths for electrons (279 ± 88 nm) and holes (193 ± 46 nm) were obtained from fluorescence quenching measurements...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Yasemin Saygili, Magnus Söderberg, Norman Pellet, Fabrizio Giordano, Yiming Cao, Ana B Munoz-Garcia, Shaik Mohammed Zakeeruddin, Nick Vlachopoulos, Michele Pavone, Gerrit Boschloo, Ladislav Kavan, Jacques-E Moser, Michael Grätzel, Anders Hagfeldt, Marina Freitag
Redox mediators play a major role determining the photocurrent and the photovoltage in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). To maintain the photocurrent, the reduction of oxidized dye by the redox mediator should be significantly faster than the back electron transfer between TiO2 and the oxidized dye. The driving force for dye regeneration with the redox mediator should be sufficiently low to provide high photovoltages. With our introduction of new copper complexes as promising redox mediators in DSCs both criteria are satisfied to enhance power conversion efficiencies...
October 17, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Giles E Eperon, David Moerman, David S Ginger
We use high-resolution, spatially resolved, laser beam induced current, confocal photoluminescence, and photoconductive atomic force microscopy (pcAFM) measurements to correlate local solar cell performance with spatially heterogeneous local material properties in methylammonium lead triiodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite solar cells. We find that, for this material and device architecture, the photocurrent heterogeneity measured via pcAFM on devices missing a top selective contact with traditional Au-coated tips is significantly larger than the photocurrent heterogeneity observed in full devices with both electron- and hole-selective extraction layers, indicating that extraction barriers at the Au/perovskite interface are ameliorated by deposition of the organic charge extraction layer...
October 17, 2016: ACS Nano
Ke Chen, Qin Hu, Tanghao Liu, Lichen Zhao, Deying Luo, Jiang Wu, Yifei Zhang, Wei Zhang, Feng Liu, Thomas P Russell, Rui Zhu, Qihuang Gong
The charge-carrier balance strategy by interface engineering is employed to optimize the charge-carrier transport in inverted planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells. N,N-Dimethylformamide-treated poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) and poly(methyl methacrylate)-modified PCBM are utilized as the hole and electron selective contacts, respectively, leading to a high power conversion efficiency of 18.72%.
October 17, 2016: Advanced Materials
Bert Conings, Aslihan Babayigit, Matthew T Klug, Sai Bai, Nicolas Gauquelin, Nobuya Sakai, Jacob Tse-Wei Wang, Johan Verbeeck, Hans-Gerd Boyen, Henry J Snaith
A robust and expedient gas quenching method is developed for the solution deposition of hybrid perovskite thin films. The method offers a reliable standard practice for the fabrication of a non-exhaustive variety of perovskites exhibiting excellent film morphology and commensurate high performance in both regular and inverted structured solar cell architectures.
October 17, 2016: Advanced Materials
Shuguang Chen, Hailang Jia, Mengxi Zheng, Kang Shen, Hegen Zheng
Herein we prepare four novel D-π-A dyes based on triphenylamine (ZHG1, ZHG2, ZHG3 and ZHG4) by modifying the π-bridges. Compared with ZHG1, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of ZHG2 is improved to 6.1% after the introduction of ethynyl. But further extension of the conjugation of the π-bridges by introducing the chromophore 4,8-bis(n-octyloxy)-benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (BDT) into ZHG3 conversely decreases the PCE to 4.6%. Improving the coplanarity by replacing cyclobenzene with thiophene in ZHG4 after introducing BDT further decreases the PCE of ZHG4 to 4...
October 17, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Balakrishna Ananthoju, Jeotikanta Mohapatra, Manoj K Jangid, D Bahadur, N V Medhekar, M Aslam
Cations and anions are replaced with Fe, Mn, and Se in CZTS in order to control the formations of the secondary phase, the band gap, and the micro structure of Cu2ZnSnS4. We demonstrate a simplified synthesis strategy for a range of quaternary chalcogenide nanoparticles such as Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS), Cu2FeSnS4 (CFTS), Cu2MnSnS4 (CMTS), Cu2ZnSnSe4 (CZTSe), and Cu2ZnSn(S0.5Se0.5)4 (CZTSSe) by thermolysis of metal chloride precursors using long chain amine molecules. It is observed that the crystal structure, band gap and micro structure of the CZTS thin films are affected by the substitution of anion/cations...
October 17, 2016: Scientific Reports
Dong Jin Lee, G Mohan Kumar, P Ilanchezhiyan, Jae-Chul Lee, Sung Ryong Ryu, Tae Won Kang
Nowadays, solid-state inorganic-organic hybrid solar cells based on one-dimensional (1D) inorganic semiconducting nanostructures and organic polymers are believed to offer convincing solutions for the realm of next generation solar cells. In this regard, 1D ZnCdS nanowire (NW) arrays were fabricated on transparent conducting substrates through a catalyst free co-evaporation method and their wurtzite structural characteristics, 1D morphological layout and valence state/composition were studied in detail using X-ray diffraction, high-resolution electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Martina Ulrich, Susanne Lange-Asschenfeldt, Kresten Skak, Torsten Skov, Marie Louise Østerdal, Hans-Joachim Röwert-Huber, John Robert Zibert, Eggert Stockfleth
Ingenol mebutate represents a topical treatment for fields with actinic keratosis (AK). The biological effects of ingenol mebutate in AK, subclinical (SC)-AK, and reference-skin were assessed and graded by in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) and histology. Patients with AK and SC-AK lesions in one 25 cm2 field on hands or forearms, and with an area of reference skin on the inner upper arm, were included. The two fields were each treated with ingenol mebutate 0.05% gel (n=16), or vehicle (n=8), on 2 consecutive days; clinical and RCM assessments were performed on days 1, 2, 3, 8, and 57, and biopsies on day 3...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Maciej Zalas, Agata Wawrzyńczak, Paulina Półrolniczak, Jan Sobuś, Grzegorz Schroeder, Stefan Jurga, Elena Selli
A series of 14 mesoporous titania materials has been synthesized using the simple alcothermal template-free method and various alcohols, such as methanol, propanols and butanols, as solvents. All materials were characterized by both wide and small angle XRD, which exhibited the anatase phase with short-range ordered mesoporous structure that is still forming during post synthetic temperature treatment in most of the investigated materials. Nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms confirmed the mesoporous structure with surface area ranging from 241 to 383 m2g- 1 and pore volumes from 0...
2016: PloS One
Xing Qian, Hongmei Li, Li Shao, Xiancai Jiang, Linxi Hou
In this work, morphology-tuned ternary nickel cobalt selenides based on different Ni/Co molar ratios have been synthesized via a simple precursor conversion method and used as counter electrode (CE) materials for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The experimental facts and mechanism analysis clarified the possible growth process of product. It can be found that the electrochemical performances and structures of ternary nickel cobalt selenides can be optimized by tuning the Ni/Co molar ratio. Benefiting from the unique morphology and tunable composition, among the as-prepared metal selenides, the electrochemical measurements showed that the ternary nickel cobalt selenides exhibited a more superior electrocatalytic activity in comparison with binary Ni and Co selenides...
October 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Laura Calió, Samrana Kazim, Michael Grätzel, Shahzada Ahmad
The pressure to move towards renewable energy has inspired researchers to look for ideas in photovoltaics that may lead to a major breakthrough. Recently the use of perovskites as a light harvester has lead to stunning progress. The power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells is now approaching parity (>22 %) with that of the established technology which took decades to reach this level of performance. The use of a hole transport material (HTM) remains indispensable in perovskite solar cells...
October 14, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Qunwei Tang, Yanyan Duan, Benlin He, Haiyan Chen
Solar cells that can harvest energy in all weathers are promising in solving the energy crisis and environmental problems. The power outputs are nearly zero under dark conditions for state-of-the-art solar cells. To address this issue, we present herein a class of platinum alloy (PtMx , M=Ni, Fe, Co, Cu, Mo) tailored all-weather solar cells that can harvest energy from rain and realize photoelectric conversion under sun illumination. By tuning the stoichiometric Pt/M ratio and M species, the optimized solar cell yields a photoelectric conversion efficiency of 10...
October 14, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Sheng Chu, Shizhao Fan, Yongjie Wang, David Rossouw, Yichen Wang, Gianluigi A Botton, Zetian Mi
Syngas, the mixture of CO and H2 , is a key feedstock to produce methanol and liquid fuels in industry, yet limited success has been made to develop clean syngas production using renewable solar energy. We demonstrated that syngas with a benchmark turnover number of 1330 and a desirable CO/H2 ratio of 1:2 could be attained from photoelectrochemical CO2 and H2 O reduction in an aqueous medium by exploiting the synergistic co-catalytic effect between Cu and ZnO. The CO/H2 ratio in the syngas products was tuned in a large range between 2:1 and 1:4 with a total unity Faradaic efficiency...
October 14, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Xiaowen Chang, Weiping Li, Haining Chen, Liqun Zhu, Huicong Liu, Huifang Geng, Sisi Xiang, Jiaming Liu, Xiaoli Zheng, Ying-Long Yang, Shihe Yang
Carbon-based hole transport materials (HTM)-free perovskite solar cells (PSCs) due to their relatively high stability have attracted intense attention. However, their power conversion efficiency (PCE) is still low, especially for the simplest paintable carbon-based PSCs (C-PSCs), whose performance is greatly limited by the poor contact at perovskite/carbon interface. To enhance interface contact, it is important to fabricate an even-surface perovskite layer in porous scaffold, which is usually unfeasible due to rough crystal precursor...
October 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Wenzhe Li, Jiandong Fan, Jiangwei Li, Guangda Niu, Yaohua Mai, Liduo Wang
Currently, the potential mechanism of the solvent-assisted crystallization for mixed cations perovskite thin film (FAxMA1-xPbI3) prepared via two-step solution-process still remains obscure. Here, we clarified the molecular-competing-reacted process of NH2CH=NH2I (FAI) and CH3NH3I (MAI) with PbI2(DMSO)x complex in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and diethyl ether (DE) catalytic solvent system in the sequential two-step solution-process. The microscopic dynamics was characterized via the characterizations of in-situ photoluminescence (PL) spectra...
October 14, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"