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solar cell

M Haggui, B Reinhold, P Andrae, D Greiner, M Schmid, P Fumagalli
The local efficiency of lamellar shaped Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells has been investigated using scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM). Topographic and photocurrent measurements have been performed simultaneously with a 100 nm tip aperture. The lamellar shaped solar cell with monolithic interconnects (P scribe) has been investigated on a nanometre scale for the first time at different regions using SNOM. It was found that, the cell region between P1 and P2 significantly contributes to the solar cells overall photocurrent generation...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Microscopy
Christian M Wolff, Fengshuo Zu, Andreas Paulke, Lorena Perdigón Toro, Norbert Koch, Dieter Neher
Perovskite solar cells with all-organic transport layers exhibit efficiencies rivaling their counterparts that employ inorganic transport layers, while avoiding high-temperature processing. Herein, it is investigated how the choice of the fullerene derivative employed in the electron-transporting layer of inverted perovskite cells affects the open-circuit voltage (VOC ). It is shown that nonradiative recombination mediated by the electron-transporting layer is the limiting factor for the VOC in the cells. By inserting an ultrathin layer of an insulating polymer between the active CH3 NH3 PbI3 perovskite and the fullerene, an external radiative efficiency of up to 0...
May 26, 2017: Advanced Materials
Ruina Dai, Yangyang Wang, Jie Wang, Xianyu Deng
MoS2 as a graphene-like 2D material shows a large potential to replace even overcome graphene in various important applications due to its perfect properties of electrical, optical, frictional, and tunable band gap. However, low solubility in the most of common solvents makes it difficult to prepare via a simple solution process. Here we introduce a metalorganic compound to modify MoS2. Phenyl acetylene silver (PAS) functionalized MoS2 compound is easily dispersed in the solvent of DMF and water. A conductive polymer PEDOT: PSS blend with the MoS2 leads to a significant enhancement of the performance of planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells...
May 25, 2017: ChemSusChem
Li Chen, Wei-Lin Chen, Jian-Ping Li, Jia-Bo Wang, En-Bo Wang
The serious electron recombination occurring in TiO2/quantum dot sensitizer/electrolyte interface is the key reason for hindering the further efficiency improvement of QDSCs. Polyoxometalate(POM) can be as electron transfer media to decreasing electron recombination of photoelectric device, which is due to the excellent oxidation reduction properties and thermostability. So in this paper, POM/TiO2 electronic interface layer prepared by a simple layer-by-layer self-assembly method is added between FTO and mesoporous TiO2 in the photoanode of the QDSCs, and their effects on the photovoltaic performance are systematically investigated...
May 23, 2017: ChemSusChem
Aurelien Viterisi, Daniel Fernandez, Vijay Kumar Challuri, James William Ryan, Eugenia Martinez-Ferrero, Francesc Guispert-Guirado, Marta Martinez, Eduardo Escudero, Caterina Stenta, Lluis Francisco Marsal, Emilio Palomares
A detailed account on the limiting factors of solvent annealed bulk-heterojunction small molecule organic solars cell is given. This account is based on the extensive characterization of solar cell devices made from a library of five diketopyrolopyrole (DPP) donor dyes. Their chemical structure is designed in such a way as to provide insights on the energetics of solar cell active layer microstructure formation. Numerous chemical and physical properties of the active layers are assessed and interrelated such as light absorption, molecular packing in the solid state, crystal-forming properties in thin films, charge carrier mobility and charge carrier recombination kinetics...
May 24, 2017: ChemSusChem
Chongyang Zhu, Yuan Huang, Feng Xu, Peng Gao, Binghui Ge, Jing Chen, Haibo Zeng, Eli Sutter, Peter Sutter, Litao Sun
A high density of edge sites and other defects can significantly improve the catalytic activity of layered 2D materials. Herein, this study demonstrates a novel top-down strategy to maximize catalytic edge sites of MoSe2 by breaking up bulk MoSe2 into quantum dots (QDs) via "turbulent shear mixing" (TSM). The ultrasmall size of the MoSe2 QDs provides a high fraction of atoms in reactive edge sites, thus significantly improving the catalytic activities. The violent TSM further introduces abundant defects as additional active sites for electrocatalytic reactions...
May 24, 2017: Small
Yuriy Pihosh, Jin Uemura, Ivan Turkevych, Kazuma Mawatari, Yutaka Kazoe, Adelina Smirnova, Takehiko Kitamori
Autonomous micro/nano mechanical, chemical and biomedical sensors require persistent power sources scaled to their size. Realization of autonomous micro-power sources is a challenging task, as it requires combination of wireless energy supply, conversion, storage and delivery to the sensor. In this work, we realized solar light driven power source that consists of a micro fuel cell (μFC) and a photocatalytic micro fuel generator (μFG) integrated on a single microfluidic chip. The μFG produces hydrogen by photocatalytic water splitting under solar light...
May 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Sining Yun, Xiao Zhou, Jacky Even, Anders Hagfeldt
Hybrid halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) exceeding 22% power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) have attracted considerable global attention due to the intrinsic nature of perovskite. Although we all know about that perovskite plays a significant role in the operation of PSCs, the fundamental theories associated with perovskite have not been resolved by the exponential increase in research effort. This raises questions about whether the first-principles calculations are sufficiently addressing the underlying issues in perovskite...
May 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Osman M Bakr, Omar F Mohammed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Nature Materials
Zhuoran Wang, Raynald Gauvin, George P Demopoulos
Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS), other than in standard p-n junction device architecture, can be employed as a broad light absorber upon coating onto a wide bandgap electron conducting TiO2 film. Earlier CZTS sensitized TiO2 films have yielded low photoconversion efficiency and Voc. In this work, a water-ethanol solution spin coating approach has been applied to directly deposit CZTS nanocrystallites on rutile TiO2 nanorods grown on an FTO substrate (TNR) for evaluation in a sensitized solar cell configuration. The FTO@TNR@CZTS photoanode following controlled annealing is shown to exhibit improved photovoltaic properties...
May 25, 2017: Nanoscale
Tejas S Sherkar, Cristina Momblona, Lidón Gil-Escrig, Jorge Ávila, Michele Sessolo, Henk J Bolink, L Jan Anton Koster
Trap-assisted recombination, despite being lower as compared with traditional inorganic solar cells, is still the dominant recombination mechanism in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) and limits their efficiency. We investigate the attributes of the primary trap-assisted recombination channels (grain boundaries and interfaces) and their correlation to defect ions in PSCs. We achieve this by using a validated device model to fit the simulations to the experimental data of efficient vacuum-deposited p-i-n and n-i-p CH3NH3PbI3 solar cells, including the light intensity dependence of the open-circuit voltage and fill factor...
May 12, 2017: ACS Energy Letters
Sheng Yuan, Yongji Chen, Zongwei Mei, Ming-Jian Zhang, Zhou Gao, Xingbo Wang, Xing Jiang, Feng Pan
Glass frits play an important role in the front contact electrodes of crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cells. In this work, we developed a novel glass frit by doping Ag into a glass frit in the process of high-temperature synthesis. When the Ag paste including this novel glass frit was used as the front contact electrode of silicon solar cells, the conversion efficiency of poly-crystalline silicon (pc-Si) solar cells was improved by 1.9% compared to the glass frit without Ag. Through SEM characterisation and calculation of series resistance, we further found that the interface between Ag and Si was improved and the contact resistance of Ag and Si was greatly reduced, which were believed to be responsible for the improvement of solar cell performance...
May 24, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Munkhbayar Batmunkh, Cameron James Shearer, Munkhjargal Bat-Erdene, Mark J Biggs, Joseph G Shapter
Carbon nanotubes are 1D nanocarbons with excellent properties and have been extensively used in various electronic and optoelectronic device applications including solar cells. Herein, we report a significant enhancement in the efficiency and stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) by employing single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in the mesoporous photoelectrode. It was found that SWCNTs provide both rapid electron transfer and advantageously shifts the conduction band minimum of the TiO2 photoelectrode and thus enhances all photovoltaic parameters of PSCs...
May 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hongjian Peng, Xiangfeng Luan, Liuliu Feng, Jun Yuan, Zhi-Guo Zhang, Yongfang Li, Yingping Zou
Ladder-type conjugated structures with rigid and coplanar molecular frameworks feature longer effective conjugation, affirmative optoelectronic properties and strong intermolecular π-π interactions, which are ideal characteristics for organic photovoltaics. Here, a new "zigzag" angular-fused naphthodifuran (zNDF) based on alkoxyphenyl side chains was designed and synthesized. The distannylated zNDF building block was copolymerized with 4,7-di(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)-5,6-dioctyloxybenzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole and 5,8-bis(5-bromothiophen-2-yl)-2,3-bis(4-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-3-fluorophenyl)-6,7-difloroquinoxaline (Br-BT and Br-ffQx) acceptor units by Stille cross coupling reaction to form two new medium bandgap donor-acceptor polymers PzNDFP-BT and PzNDFP-ffQx, respectively...
May 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Javier Amaya Suárez, Jose J Plata, Antonio M Márquez, Javier Fdez Sanz
Quantum dot-sensitized solar cells, QDSCs, are a clean and effective alternative to fossil fuels to reduce CO2 emissions. However, the different components that constitute the QDSCs and the difficulty of isolating experimentally their effects on the performance of the whole system slow down the development of more efficient devices. In this work, DFT calculations are combined with a bottom-up approach to differentiate the effect of each component on the electronic structure and absorption spectra. First, Cu2S QDs were built including a U parameter to effectively describe the localization of electrons...
May 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mathijs de Jong, Andries Meijerink, Freddy T Rabouw
In optical materials energy is usually extracted only from the lowest excited state, resulting in fundamental energy-efficiency limits such as the Shockley-Queisser limit for single-junction solar cells. Photon-cutting materials provide a way around such limits by absorbing high-energy photons and 'cutting' them into multiple low-energy excitations that can subsequently be extracted. The occurrence of photon cutting or quantum cutting has been demonstrated in a variety of materials, including semiconductor quantum dots, lanthanides and organic dyes...
May 24, 2017: Nature Communications
Phuong Ho, Suresh Thogiti, Yong Hui Lee, Jae Hong Kim
A pn-tandem dye-sensitised solar cell (pn-DSSC) employing a set of sensitisers with complementary absorption spectra and a less-corrosive cobalt-based electrolyte is presented. We applied three organic sensitisers (denoted C343, DCBZ, and SQ) featuring different absorption wavelengths for the p-DSSC, while keeping the n-DSSC sensitiser (denoted DCA10CN2) constant. Characterisation of the Co(+2/+3)-based DSSC devices revealed that SQ dye, with a longer absorption wavelength, showed broader spectra and increased photocurrent activity in the visible and near-infrared region compared to the other two devices with C343 and DCBZ in the pn-DSSCs...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
Long Ji, Ting Zhang, Yafei Wang, Peng Zhang, Detao Liu, Zhi Chen, Shibin Li
Lead-free solution-processed solid-state photovoltaic devices based on formamidinium tin triiodide (FASnI3) and cesium tin triiodide (CsSnI3) perovskite semiconductor as the light harvester are reported. In this letter, we used solvent engineering and anti-solvent dripping method to fabricate perovskite films. SnCl2 was used as an inhibitor of Sn(4+) in FASnI3 precursor solution. We obtained the best films under the function of toluene or chlorobenzene in anti-solvent dripping method and monitored the oxidation of FASnI3 films in air...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Jin-Liang Wang, Kai-Kai Liu, Sha Liu, Feng Liu, Hongbin Wu, Yong Cao, Thomas P Russell
A pair of linear tetrafluorinated small molecular donors, named as ThIDTTh4F and ThIDTSe4F, which are with tetrathienyl-substituted IDT as electron-rich central core, electron-deficient difluorobenzothiadiazole as acceptor units, and donor end-capping groups, but having differences in the π-bridge (thiophene and selenophene), were successfully synthesized and evaluated as donor materials in organic solar cells. Such π-bridge and core units in these small molecules play a decisive role in the formation of the nanoscale separation of the blend films, which were systematically investigated through absorption spectra, grazing incidence X-ray diffraction pattern, transmission electron microscopy images, resonant soft X-ray scattering profiles, and charge mobility measurement...
May 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Szymon Sollami Delekta, Anderson D Smith, Jiantong Li, Mikael Östling
Modern energy storage devices for portable and wearable technologies must fulfill a number of requirements, such as small size, flexibility, thinness, reliability, transparency, manufacturing simplicity and performance, in order to be competitive in an ever expanding market. To this end, a comprehensive inkjet printing process is developed for the scalable and low-cost fabrication of transparent and flexible micro-supercapacitors. These solid-state devices, with printed thin films of graphene flakes as interdigitated electrodes, exhibit excellent performance versus transparency (ranging from a single-electrode areal capacitance of 16 μF cm(-2) at transmittance of 90% to a capacitance of 99 μF cm(-2) at transmittance of 71%)...
May 23, 2017: Nanoscale
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