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Junpeng Liu, Zaid A Janjua, Martin Roe, Fang Xu, Barbara Turnbull, Kwing-So Choi, Xianghui Hou
A super-hydrophobic surface has been obtained from nanocomposite materials based on silica nanoparticles and self-assembled monolayers of 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyltriethoxysilane (POTS) using spin coating and chemical vapor deposition methods. Scanning electron microscope images reveal the porous structure of the silica nanoparticles, which can trap small-scale air pockets. An average water contact angle of 163° and bouncing off of incoming water droplets suggest that a super-hydrophobic surface has been obtained based on the silica nanoparticles and POTS coating...
December 2, 2016: Nanomaterials
Taro Yoshikawa, Markus Reusch, Verena Zuerbig, Volker Cimalla, Kee-Han Lee, Magdalena Kurzyp, Jean-Charles Arnault, Christoph E Nebel, Oliver Ambacher, Vadim Lebedev
Electrostatic self-assembly of diamond nanoparticles (DNPs) onto substrate surfaces (so-called nanodiamond seeding) is a notable technique, enabling chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of nanocrystalline diamond thin films on non-diamond substrates. In this study, we examine this technique onto differently polarized (either Al- or N-polar) c-axis oriented sputtered aluminum nitride (AlN) film surfaces. This investigation shows that Al-polar films, as compared to N-polar ones, obtain DNPs with higher density and more homogeneously on their surfaces...
November 17, 2016: Nanomaterials
Shilin Huang, Guang Ran, Penghui Lei, Shenghua Wu, Nanjun Chen, Ning Li
The self-assembly nanocone structures on the surface of polycrystalline tungsten were created by He⁺ ion irradiation and then annealing, and the resulting topography and morphology were characterized using atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The cross-sectional samples of the self-assembly nanocones were prepared using an in situ-focused ion beam and then observed using transmission electron microscopy. The self-assembly nanocones were induced by the combined effect of He⁺ ion irradiation, the annealing process and the chromium impurity...
November 12, 2016: Nanomaterials
Dongwei Hou, Guoping Zhang, Rohit Raj Pant, Zhongxin Wei, Shuilong Shen
Clay-based nanostructured multilayers, such as clay-polymer multilayers and clay-oxide multilayers, have attracted growing attention owing to their remarkable mechanical properties and promising application in various fields. In this paper, synthesis of a new kind of nanostructured clay-oxide multilayers by layer-by-layer self-assembly was explored. Nano-mechanical characterization of 18 clay-based multilayer samples, prepared under as-deposited (i.e., air-dried) and annealing conditions at 400 °C/600 °C with different precursor cations and multilayer structure, were carried out using nanoindentation testing, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD)...
November 8, 2016: Nanomaterials
Melinda Varga
With the aim of constructing an S-layer fusion protein that combines both excellent self-assembly and specific ligand i.e., biotin binding ability, streptavidin (aa 16-133) was fused to the S-layer protein of Sporosarcina ureae ATCC 13881 (SslA) devoid of its N-terminal 341 and C-terminal 172 amino acids. The genetically engineered chimeric protein could be successfully produced in E. coli, isolated, and purified via Ni affinity chromatography. In vitro recrystallisation experiments performed with the purified chimeric protein in solution and on a silicon wafer have demonstrated that fusion of the streptavidin domain does not interfere with the self-assembling properties of the S-layer part...
November 4, 2016: Nanomaterials
Hak Ki Yu
We have developed self-assembled copper (Cu) micro-labyrinth (ML) with graphene skin for transparent flexible electrodes of optoelectronic devices. The Cu ML is simply formed by heating a thin Cu film with a 100-nm thickness on a SiO₂/Si substrate at 950 °C under hydrogen ambient to block the oxidation. Moreover, the Cu ML can have graphene skin at the surface by inserting carbo-hydroxyl molecules (CxHy) during heating due to the catalytic decomposition of C-H bonds on the Cu surface. The Cu ML with graphene skin (Cu ML-G) has superior sheet resistivity below 5 Ω/sq and mechanical flexibility without cracks at the bending radius of 0...
September 1, 2016: Nanomaterials
María Jesús Hortigüela, Luis Yuste, Fernando Rojo, Inmaculada Aranaz
The in situ formation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) aided by chondroitin sulfate and the preparation of a hierarchically structured silver-polymer nanocomposite with antimicrobial activity is shown. Green synthesis of AgNPs is carried out by thermal treatment (80 and 90 °C) or UV irradiation of a chondroitin sulfate solution containing AgNO₃ without using any further reducing agents or stabilizers. Best control of the AgNPs size and polydispersity was achieved by UV irradiation. The ice-segregation-induced self-assembly (ISISA) process, in which the polymer solution containing the AgNPs is frozen unidirectionally, and successively freeze-drying were employed to produce the chondroitin sulfate 3D scaffolds...
July 25, 2016: Nanomaterials
Ruilong Sheng, Xiaoqing Zhuang, Zhao Wang, Amin Cao, Kaili Lin, Julian X X Zhu
Developing new functional biomaterials from biocompatible natural-based resources for gene/drug delivery has attracted increasing attention in recent years. In this work, we prepared a series of cationic nanoparticles (Diosarg-DOPE NPs) by assembly of a natural steroid diosgenin-based cationic lipid (Diosarg) with commercially-available helper lipid 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorethanolamine (DOPE). These cationic Diosarg-DOPE NPs were able to efficiently bind siRNA and plasmid DNA (pDNA) via electrostatic interactions to form stable, nano-sized cationic lipid nanoparticles instead of lamellar vesicles in aqueous solution...
April 13, 2016: Nanomaterials
Nian Liu, Katherine I Zhou, Marc Parisien, Qing Dai, Luda Diatchenko, Tao Pan
N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is the most abundant internal modification in eukaryotic messenger RNA (mRNA), and affects almost every stage of the mRNA life cycle. The YTH-domain proteins can specifically recognize m6A modification to control mRNA maturation, translation and decay. m6A can also alter RNA structures to affect RNA-protein interactions in cells. Here, we show that m6A increases the accessibility of its surrounding RNA sequence to bind heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein G (HNRNPG). Furthermore, HNRNPG binds m6A-methylated RNAs through its C-terminal low-complexity region, which self-assembles into large particles in vitro...
February 25, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Donglei Yang, Zhenyu Tan, Yongli Mi, Bryan Wei
Earlier studies in DNA self-assembly have foretold the feasibility of building addressable nanostructures with multi-stranded motifs, which is fully validated in this study. In realizing this feasibility in DNA nanotechnology, a diversified set of motifs of modified domain lengths is extended from a classic type. The length of sticky ends can be adjusted to form different dihedral angles between the matching motifs, which corresponds to different connecting patterns. Moreover, the length of rigidity core can also be tuned to result in different dihedral angles between the component helices of a certain motif therefore different numbers of component helices...
February 22, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Xiao-Xue Hu, Ping-Ping He, Guo-Bin Qi, Yu-Juan Gao, Yao-Xin Lin, Chao Yang, Pei-Pei Yang, Hongxun Hao, Lei Wang, Hao Wang
Tumor metastasis is one of the big challenges in cancer treatment and is often associated with high patient mortality. Until now, there is an agreement that tumor invasion and metastasis are related to degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) by enzymes. Inspired by the formation of natural ECM and the in situ self-assembly strategy developed in our group, herein, we in situ constructed an artificial extracellular matrix (AECM) based on transformable Laminin (LN)-mimic peptide 1 (BP-KLVFFK-GGDGR-YIGSR) for inhibition of tumor invasion and metastasis...
March 23, 2017: ACS Nano
Heung-Kiu Cheng, Clive Yik-Sham Chung, Kaka Zhang, Vivian Wing-Wah Yam
Platinum(II)-containing polystyrene (PS) complexes have been synthesized by dehydrohalogenation of α-alkyne-PS and chloroplatinum(II) precursors with different functionalities on the terpyridine ligands. Through modulation of the hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the terpyridine ligands and hence the overall amphiphilicity of the complexes, the complexes can undergo self-assembly into various superstructures with remarkable luminescence properties in different solution mixtures, as revealed by electron microscopy, UV/Vis absorption and emission spectroscopy...
March 23, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Tun Wu, Yu-Sheng Chen, Mingzhao Chen, Qianqian Liu, Xiaobo Xue, Yixian Shen, Jun Wang, Han Huang, Yi-Tsu Chan, Pingshan Wang
Three approaches have been carefully examined in order to develop a terpyridine-based dendritic metallotriangle: (1) direct self-assembly of two types of organic polyterpyridines with metal ions; (2) assembly of flexible metallo-organic ligands containing two uncomplexed free terpyridines with a possible 60°-V-shaped orientation; (3) assembly of functionalized metallotriangles possessing a fixed 60°-bent uncoordinated bisterpyridine. Only the third approach has successfully given rise to the desired first-generation dendritic metallotriangle...
March 23, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Ariel Antonio Campos Toledo Hijo, Guilherme José Maximo, Mariana Conceição Costa, Rosiane Lopes Cunha, Jorge Fernando Brandão Pereira, Kiki Adi Kurnia, Eduardo A Caldas Batista, Antonio J A Meirelles
Protic ionic liquids (PILs) have emerged as promising compounds and attracted the interest of the industry and the academy community, due to their easy preparation and unique properties. In the context of green chemistry, the use of biocompounds, such as fatty acids for their synthesis could disclose a possible alternative way to produce ILs with low or non-toxic effect and consequently, expanding their applicability in bio-based processes or in the development of bioproducts. This work addressed efforts to a better comprehension of the complex Solid-Liquid-Crystal-Liquid thermodynamic equilibrium of twenty new PILs synthesized by using fatty acids commonly found in vegetable oils, as well as their rheological profile and self-assembling ability...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Jun Lu, Yi-Xin Chang, Ning-Ning Zhang, Ying Wei, Ai-Ju Li, Jia Tai, Yao Xue, Zhao-Yi Wang, Yang Yang, Li Zhao, Zhong-Yuan Lu, Kun Liu
Gold nanorods are excellent anisotropic building blocks for plasmonic chiral nanostructures. The near-infrared plasmonic band of nanorods makes them highly desirable for biomedical applications such as chiral bioimaging and sensing, in which a strong circular dichroism (CD) signal is required. Chiral assemblies of gold nanorods induced by self-associating peptides are especially attractive for this purpose as they exhibit plasmonic-enhanced chiroptical activity. Here, we showed that the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) micelles in a gold nanorod solution promoted the self-association of l-/d-glutathione (GSH) and significantly enhanced the chirality of the resulting plasmonic nanochains...
March 23, 2017: ACS Nano
Qi Zhou, Atsushi Yamada, Qingguo Feng, Austin Hoskins, Barry D Dunietz, Kim M Lewis
Acetylthio-protected free base porphyrins are used to form scanning tunneling microscope-molecular break junctions. The porphyrin molecules are deprotected in-situ, before the self-assembly. Two types of molecular junctions are formed in the junctions: Au-S-Por-SAc-Au and Au-S-Por-S-Au. Lower conductance values and higher conductance values are observed. Computational modeling attributes the lower conductance to the Au-S-Por-SAc-Au junctions and the higher conductance to the Au-S-Por-S-Au junctions. First principles calculation suggests that the reduced conductance in the protected porphyrin originates from the presence of the acetyl end groups (-COCH3), rather than from the elongation of the sulfur-gold (S-Au) bonds at the tip-molecule interface...
March 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Bo Wu, Shu-Ting Lu, Liu-Jie Zhang, Ren-Xi Zhuo, Hai-Bo Xu, Shi-Wen Huang
Codelivery is a promising strategy to overcome the limitations of single chemotherapeutic agents in cancer treatment. Despite progress, codelivery of two or more different functional drugs to increase anticancer efficiency still remains a challenge. Here, reduction-sensitive lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (LPNPs) drug delivery system composed of monomethoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-S-S-hexadecyl (mPEG-S-S-C16), soybean lecithin, and poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) was used for codelivery of doxorubicin (DOX) and a Chinese herb extract triptolide (TPL)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Carlo Diaferia, Eliana Gianolio, Teresa Sibillano, Flavia Anna Mercurio, Marilisa Leone, Cinzia Giannini, Nicole Balasco, Luigi Vitagliano, Giancarlo Morelli, Antonella Accardo
Very recently we proposed novel di- and tetra-phenylalanine peptides derivatized with gadolinium complexes as potentials supramolecular diagnostic agents for applications in MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging). It was observed that in very short FF dipeptide building blocks, the propensity to aggregate decreases significantly after modification with bulky moiety such as Gd-complexes, thus limiting their potential as CAs. We hypothesized that the replacement of the Phe side chain with more extended aromatic groups could improve the self-assembling...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Adithya Vijaykumar, Thomas E Ouldridge, Pieter Rein Ten Wolde, Peter G Bolhuis
The modeling of complex reaction-diffusion processes in, for instance, cellular biochemical networks or self-assembling soft matter can be tremendously sped up by employing a multiscale algorithm which combines the mesoscopic Green's Function Reaction Dynamics (GFRD) method with explicit stochastic Brownian, Langevin, or deterministic molecular dynamics to treat reactants at the microscopic scale [A. Vijaykumar, P. G. Bolhuis, and P. R. ten Wolde, J. Chem. Phys. 143, 214102 (2015)]. Here we extend this multiscale MD-GFRD approach to include the orientational dynamics that is crucial to describe the anisotropic interactions often prevalent in biomolecular systems...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Weihong Jin, Qiwen Wang, Min Wu, Yang Li, Guping Tang, Yuan Ping, Paul K Chu
Cancer treatment can in principle be enhanced by the synergistic effects of chemo- and nucleic acid-based combination therapies but the lack of efficient drug nanocarriers and occurrence of multidrug resistance (MDR) are major obstacles adversely affecting the effectiveness. Herein, a lanthanide-integrated supramolecular polymeric nanoassembly that delivers anticancer drugs and siRNA for more effective cancer therapy is described. This nanotherapeutic system is prepared by loading adamantane-modified doxorubicin (Dox) into polyethylenimine-crosslinked-γ-cyclodextrin (PC) through the supramolecular assembly to form the interior Dox-loaded PC (PCD) followed by electrostatically driven self-assembly of siRNA and PCD to produce the PCD/siRNA nanocomplexes...
March 16, 2017: Biomaterials
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