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Zhongyang Zhang, Ruodan Xu, Zegao Wang, Mingdong Dong, Bianxiao Cui, Menglin Chen
Light stimulation allows remote and spatiotemporally accurate operation that has been applied as effective, non-invasive means of therapeutic interventions. Here, visible light neural stimulation of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4), an emerging photocatalyst with visible-light optoelectronic conversion, was for the first time investigated. Specifically, g-C3N4 was combined with graphene oxide (GO) in a 3D manner on the surfaces of electrospun polycaprolactone/gelatin (PG) fibers and functioned as a biocompatible interface for visible-light stimulating neuronal differentiation...
September 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhiliang Jin, Hao Yang
The application of metal-organic framework (MOF) in the field of photocatalysis is limited, because of its unstable chemical properties and failure to respond in visible light. Herein, the Pd/MOF catalysts were prepared by impregnation reduction. It is important that we have reasonably constructed the dye-sensitized system of Pd/MOF and successfully extended the application of MOF to the visible range. It exhibited maximal photocatalytic activity (9.43 mmol/g) under visible-light irradiation (λ ≥ 420 nm) with eosin Y as a photo-sensitizer, which was enhanced twice the order of magnitude compared with the pure MOF (0...
September 19, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Kewei Wang, Liming Yang, Xi Wang, Liping Guo, Guang Cheng, Chun Zhang, Shangbin Jin, Bien Tan, Andrew Cooper
Covalent triazine frameworks (CTFs) are normally synthesized by ionothermal methods. The harsh synthetic conditions and associated limited structural diversity do not benefit for further development and practical large-scale synthesis of CTFs. Herein we report a new strategy to construct CTFs (CTF-HUSTs) via a polycondensation approach, which allows the synthesis of CTFs under mild conditions from a wide array of building blocks. Interestingly, these CTFs display a layered structure. The CTFs synthesized were also readily scaled up to gram quantities...
September 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Ionela Cristina Nica, Miruna S Stan, Marcela Popa, Mariana Carmen Chifiriuc, Gratiela G Pircalabioru, Veronica Lazar, Iuliana Dumitrescu, Lucian Diamandescu, Marcel Feder, Mihaela Baibarac, Marin Cernea, Valentin Adrian Maraloiu, Traian Popescu, Anca Dinischiotu
Graphene is widely used in nanotechnologies to amplify the photocatalytic activity of TiO₂, but the development of TiO₂/graphene composites imposes the assessment of their risk to human and environmental health. Therefore, reduced graphene oxide was decorated with two types of TiO₂ particles co-doped with 1% iron and nitrogen, one of them being obtained by a simultaneous precipitation of Ti(3+) and Fe(3+) ions to achieve their uniform distribution, and the other one after a sequential precipitation of these two cations for a higher concentration of iron on the surface...
September 19, 2017: Nanomaterials
Hongbo Xia, Suli Wu, Jiajie Bi, Shufen Zhang
Here a simple and effective method was explored to fabricate M/TiO<sub>2</sub> (M=Ag, Au) composites, which required neither pre-treatment of TiO<sub>2</sub> nor any additives as reducing agent. Using amorphous TiO<sub>2</sub> spheres functionalized with SH groups as starting materials, the noble metallic ions (Ag, Au) can be adsorbed by TiO<sub>2</sub> due to their special affinity with SH groups, which is beneficial to the uniform dispersion of metallic ions on the surface of TiO<sub>2</sub>...
September 19, 2017: Nanotechnology
Gengping Wan, Xiange Peng, Min Zeng, Lei Yu, Kan Wang, Xinyue Li, Guizhen Wang
This paper reports the synthesis of a new type of Au@TiO2 yolk-shell nanostructures by integrating ion sputtering method with atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique and its applications as visible light-driven photocatalyst and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) substrate. Both the size and amount of gold nanoparticles confined in TiO2 nanotubes could be facilely controlled via properly adjusting the sputtering time. The unique structure and morphology of the resulting Au@TiO2 samples were investigated by using various spectroscopic and microscopic techniques in detail...
September 18, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Acong Chen, Zhaoyong Bian, Jie Xu, Xin Xin, Hui Wang
An all-solid-state Z-scheme system containing Bi-based semiconductors bismuth oxyiodide (BiOI) and bismuth sulfide (Bi2S3) was constructed on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets through an electrostatic self-assembly method to simultaneously remove aqueous Cr(VI) and phenol. In this Z-scheme that mimicked natural photosynthesis, photoinduced electrons in the conduction band (CB) of BiOI were transferred through rGO and reacted with photoinduced holes in the valence band (VB) of Bi2S3, which significantly increased its photocatalytic activity...
September 4, 2017: Chemosphere
Xiao-Wu Lei, Cheng-Yang Yue, Jun-Chao Wei, Rui-Qing Li, Fu-Qi Mi, Yan Li, Lu Gao, Quan-Xiu Liu
Visible light driven photocatalysts based on crystalline microporous metal halogenides received much less attention compared with dense or composite oxide semiconductors. Using the well-known photosensitive transition metal-complexes [TM(2,2-bipy)3 ](2+) (TM=Fe, Co, Ni, Ru) as templates, a special three-dimensional (3D) metal halogenide framework of [TM(2,2-bipy)3 ]Cu4 Br6 was designed with [Cu4 Br4 ] cluster as 4-connected node. These microporous materials feature narrow band gaps and stable visible light driven photocatalytic properties including water reduction to provide H2 and photodegradation of organic pollutants...
August 9, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Zheguan Lin, Jinjin Lin, Lingting Huang, Xiaoyan Zhang, Ying Wang, Zizhong Zhang, Huaxiang Lin, Xuxu Wang
Developing a heterostructure on the surface of a "sandwich" structure semiconductor is essential for full utilization of its heterojunction function and hence for designing efficient solar energy conversion systems. Here, we show that 2D-2D MoS2/MnSb2S4 heterostructure composites are designed for the first time and successfully synthesized by a simple in situ calcination pathway. Under visible light irradiation, the ca. 3.3 wt% MoS2/MnSb2S4 samples exhibited the highest activity for H2 evolution, which was 7...
September 18, 2017: Nanoscale
Li-Jun Xie, Rui-Li Wang, Dong Wang, Li Liu, Liang Cheng
We report a simple protocol that affords oxidative demethylation of N(6)-methyl groups in N(6)-methyl adenines (m(6)A). The biologically compatible photocatalyst riboflavin prompts a highly selective C-H abstraction from N(6)-methyl in adenines under the irradiation of a visible blue LED light, affording a novel and highly selective biomimetic demethylation of m(6)A and related N-methyl adenine analogues.
September 18, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Shoutian Ren, Yingying Wang, Guanghua Fan, Renxi Gao, Wenjun Liu
The development of high-performance photocatalysts is central to take advantage of solar energy to overcome environmental and energy crises. Integrating different functional materials artfully into nanostructures can acquire more efficient photocatalytic activity. Here sandwiched ZnO@Au@CdS nanorod films were synthesized via successive ZnO nanorod electrodeposition, Au sputtering and CdS electrodeposition. The as-synthesized composites were characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometer, x-ray diffractometer, scanning and transmission electron microscopy...
September 18, 2017: Nanotechnology
Amir Zada, Yang Qu, Sharafat Ali, Ning Sun, Hongwei Lu, Rui Yan, Xuliang Zhang, Liqiang Jing
It has been clearly demonstrated that the visible-light photocatalytic activities of g-C3N4 (CN) for degrading 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) and bisphenol A (BPA) could be improved by fabricating nanocomposites with a proper amount of nanocrystalline anatase TiO2. Interestingly, the visible-light activities of the amount-optimized nanocomposite could be further improved after decorating Au nanoparticles, with 5.11- and 3.1-time improvement respectively for 2,4-DCP and BPA compared to that of CN, even much higher than that of P25 TiO2 under UV-vis irradiation...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Jianhua Hou, Kun Jiang, Ming Shen, Rui Wei, Xiaoge Wu, Faryal Idrees, Chuanbao Cao
Constructing the heterojunctions or designing the novel nanostructures are thought as effective methods to improve photocatalytic activities of semiconductors. Herein, a one-step green route was developed to fabricate bismuth oxyiodide/activated carbon (BiOI/C) composite. The prepared BiOI/C exhibit obviously red shifts and increased absorption range of visible light. The presence of Bi-C bonds confirms the heterojunction, on account of which the BiOI nanosheets tightly grew on the surface of carbon and subsequently provided the hierarchical structure, sufficient interfacial interaction and high specific surface area...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yaocheng Deng, Lin Tang, Guangming Zeng, Jiajia Wang, Yaoyu Zhou, Jingjing Wang, Jing Tang, Longlu Wang, Chengyang Feng
To realize the sustainable employment of solar energy in contaminant degradation and environmental recovery, design and development of an efficient photocatalyst is urgently needed. Herein, a novel direct Z-scheme composite photocatalysts consist of phosphorous-doped ultrathin g-C3N4 nanosheets (PCNS) and bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) are developed via a one-pot impregnated precipitation method. The as-prepared hybrid nanocomposite was utilized for the degradation tetracycline (TC) under visible light irradiation...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Shin-Ichi Naya, Junpei Yamauchi, Takashi Okubo, Hiroaki Tada
The establishment of the technology for rapidly and completely remove and mineralize harmful phenolic compounds from water is of great importance for environmental conservation. Visible-light irradiation ( > 430 nm, light intensity integrated from 420 to 485 nm = 6.0 mW cm-2) of Au nanoparticle (NP)-loaded TiO2 (Au/TiO2) in dilute aqueous solutions of bisphenol A (BPA) and p-cresol (PC) causes degradation of the phenols. The addition of trimethylstearylammonium chloride (C18TAC) enhances the adsorption of BPA on Au/TiO2 to greatly increase the rate of reaction...
September 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Jenny Z Zhang, Paolo Bombelli, Katarzyna P Sokol, Andrea Fantuzzi, A William Rutherford, Christopher J Howe, Erwin Reisner
Factors governing the photoelectrochemical output of photosynthetic microorganisms are poorly understood, which can lead to energy losses through inefficient electron transfer (ET) processes. Here, we systematically compare the photoe-lectrochemistry of photosystem II (PSII) protein-films to cyano-bacteria biofilms to derive: (i) the losses in light-to-charge con-version efficiencies, (ii) gains in photocatalytic longevity, and (iii) insights into the ET mechanism at the biofilm interface. This study was enabled by the use of hierarchically structured elec-trodes, which could be tailored for high/stable loadings of PSII core complexes and Synechocystis sp...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Taotao Lv, Di Li, Yuanzhi Hong, Bifu Luo, Dongbo Xu, Min Chen, Weidong Shi
The development of Z-scheme heterojunction photocatalytic systems is a promising strategy to produce hydrogen and for pollutant degradation. In this study, the direct Z-scheme CdS/Bi4V2O11 photocatalysts were synthesized via a two-step solvothermal method. The photocatalytic properties of the samples were measured by ciprofloxacin (CIP), tetracycline (TC) and rhodamine B (RhB) degradation under visible light (λ > 420 nm). In addition, a probable reaction mechanism for organic pollutants over CdS/Bi4V2O11 photocatalysts was also proposed based on the analysis of electron spin resonance (ESR) and active species capture experiments...
September 15, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yue Li, Longlu Wang, Jian Liang, Fengxian Gao, Kai Yin, Pei Dai
The rational design and preparation of hierarchical nanoarchitectures are critical for enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Herein, well-integrated hollow ZnO@TiO2 heterojunctions were obtained by a simple hydrothermal method. This unique hierarchical heterostructure not only caused multiple reflections which enhances the light absorption but also improved the lifetime and transfer of photogenerated charge carriers due to the potential difference generated on the ZnO-TiO2 interface. As a result, compared to bare ZnO and TiO2, the ZnO@TiO2 composite photocatalyst exhibited higher hydrogen production rated up to 0...
September 13, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Mohamad Mohsen Momeni, Yousef Ghayeb, Mojgan Shafiei
The chemical bath deposition (CBD) method was successfully applied to prepare WTiO2 nanotube arrays co-deposited with chromium, iron and chromium-iron nanoparticles. Various methods have been used in the characterization of synthetic co-deposited nanostructures. WTiO2 nanotubes can keep the nanotubular structures at low iron concentration in the CBD solution, as indicated by our FESEM results. Iron and chromium can be applied to improve the absorption capability of the WTiO2 nanotubes for the visible-light, according to the UV-Vis results...
September 13, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yuanzhi Hong, Changsheng Li, Di Li, Zhenyuan Fang, Bifu Luo, Xu Yan, Hongqiang Shen, Baodong Mao, Weidong Shi
Graphitic carbon nitride (GCN) nanosheets with unique physicochemical properties have received increasing attention in the area of photocatalysis, yet tunable thickness for the straightforward production of this graphite-like two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterial remains a challenge. In this work, GCN nanosheets with different thicknesses were firstly prepared by a direct calcination of melamine supramolecular aggregates (MSA) obtained from a hydrochloric acid (HCl)-induced hydrothermal assembly approach. The resultant nanosheets over nanometer scale thickness could be precisely controlled via simply adjusting the HCl concentration...
September 13, 2017: Nanoscale
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