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Jinhua Yao, Huan Chen, Fang Jiang, Zhongyi Jiao, Mingchang Jin
In this work, TiO2-CdS-gCNNSs heterojunction photocatalysts were successfully synthesized. CdS was deposited on the surface of gCNNSs via electrostatic attraction; TiOC, TiOCO and TiON bonds were produced in TiO2-CdS-gCNNSs, strengthening the interaction between TiO2 and gCNNSs. The TiO2-CdS-gCNNSs photocatalyst showed excellent photocatalytic activity for phenol degradation under visible-light irradiation, which was higher than that of CdS-gCNNSs, CdS-TiO2 and TiO2-gCNNSs. The improved photocatalytic performance of TiO2-CdS-gCNNSs was ascribed to more adsorption sites, enhanced light harvesting ability and effective separation rate of electron-hole pairs...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Laura B Hoch, Paul Szymanski, Kulbir Kaur Ghuman, Le He, Kristine Liao, Qiao Qiao, Laura M Reyes, Yimei Zhu, Mostafa A El-Sayed, Chandra Veer Singh, Geoffrey A Ozin
In2O3-x(OH)y nanoparticles have been shown to function as an effective gas-phase photocatalyst for the reduction of CO2 to CO via the reverse water-gas shift reaction. Their photocatalytic activity is strongly correlated to the number of oxygen vacancy and hydroxide defects present in the system. To better understand how such defects interact with photogenerated electrons and holes in these materials, we have studied the relaxation dynamics of In2O3-x(OH)y nanoparticles with varying concentration of defects using two different excitation energies corresponding to above-band-gap (318-nm) and near-band-gap (405-nm) excitations...
November 28, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Roman Goy, Luca Bertini, Tobias Rudolph, Shu Lin, Martin Schulz, Giuseppe Zampella, Benjamin Dietzek, Felix H Schacher, Luca De Gioia, Ken Sakai, Wolfgang Weigand
It is successfully shown that photocatalytic proton reduction to dihydrogen in the presence of a sacrificial electron donor, such as trimethylamine (TEA) and ascorbate, can be driven by compact sensitizer-catalyst dyads, that is, dithiolate-bridged [FeFe] hydrogenase models tethered to organic sensitizers, such as fluorenes and silafluorenes (1 a-4 a). The sensitizer-catalyst dyads 1 a-4 a show remarkable and promising catalytic activities as well as enhanced stabilities during photocatalysis performed under UV-light irradiation...
December 2, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Xinran Li, Huaiguo Xue, Huan Pang
Uniform and hollow rhombic dodecahedral, rhombic dodecahedral, spherical, and semi-hollow K3PW12O40·nH2O nanocrystals are fabricated without any surfactants or templating agents in mild hydrothermal conditions. The shape evolution and growth of these crystals are studied by changing different reaction parameters, such as the reagent, time and temperature. It is found that the temperature and time have significant effects on the possible growth processes of these nanostructures. More importantly, according to photocatalytic results, due to the specific nanostructure-hollow rhombic dodecahedral structure, the hollow rhombic dodecahedral K3PW12O40·nH2O particles with nanopores are shown to be the most effective at activating H2O2, degrading dye pollutants completely after 90 minutes of visible light radiation...
December 1, 2016: Nanoscale
Qingzhe Zhang, Nan Bao, Xinqiang Wang, Xinde Hu, Xinhan Miao, Mohamed Chaker, Dongling Ma
In this article, a novel route for the synthesis of graphene/TiO2 continuous fibers (GTF) using force-spinning combined with water vapor annealing method is reported for the first time. The morphology, structure and optical properties of the composite were fully characterized. With a single step of heat treatment process using steam at ambient conditions, we were able to initiate a series of chemical reactions, such as reduction of graphene oxide (GO), crystallization of TiO2, formation of C-Ti bond, and introduction of oxygen vacancies into TiO2...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
F Fresno, P Jana, P Reñones, J M Coronado, D P Serrano, V A de la Peña O'Shea
The activity of NaNbO3 and NaTaO3 perovskites for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 is studied in this work. For this purpose, sodium niobate and tantalate have been prepared using solid-state reactions, extensively characterised by means of powder X-ray diffraction, UV-vis, photoluminescence and Raman spectroscopies and N2 adsorption isotherms, and tested in the gas-phase reduction of CO2 under UV light in a continuous flow photoreactor. NaNbO3 is constituted of an orthorhombically distorted perovskite structure, while a ca...
September 5, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Gihoon Cha, Marco Altomare, Nhat Truong Nguyen, Nicola Taccardi, Kiyoung Lee, Patrik Schmuki
Self-standing TiO2 nanotube layers in the form of membranes are fabricated by self-organizing anodization of Ti metal and a potential shock technique. The membranes were then decorated by sputtering different Pt amounts i) only at the top, ii) only at the bottom or iii) at both top and bottom of the tube layers. The Pt-decorated membranes are transferred either in tube top up or in tube top down configuration onto FTO slides and investigated after crystallization as photocatalysts for H2 generation using either front or back-side light irradiation...
November 29, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Zhiqiang Jiang, Jinxiu Liu, Meiyan Gao, Xi Fan, Lei Zhang, Jian Zhang
Polyoxo-titanium clusters (PTCs) are applied to construct highly efficient ternary PTC/CdS/MIL-101 visible-light-range H2 -evolution photocatalysts. The application of PTCs not only increases the photocatalytic activities but also provides a molecular tool to tune them.
November 29, 2016: Advanced Materials
Gaia Neri, Mark Forster, James J Walsh, C M Robertson, T J Whittles, Pau Farràs, Alexander J Cowan
A dye-sensitised CO2 reduction photocatalyst that operates in water is reported. Transient spectroscopy demonstrates that the facile co-immobilisation of a Ru dye and a Ni CO2 reduction electrocatalyst enables efficient on-particle electron transfer leading to photocatalytic activity that greatly exceeds the equivalent solution based system.
November 28, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Tim B van Driel, Kasper S Kjær, Robert W Hartsock, Asmus O Dohn, Tobias Harlang, Matthieu Chollet, Morten Christensen, Wojciech Gawelda, Niels E Henriksen, Jong Goo Kim, Kristoffer Haldrup, Kyung Hwan Kim, Hyotcherl Ihee, Jeongho Kim, Henrik Lemke, Zheng Sun, Villy Sundström, Wenkai Zhang, Diling Zhu, Klaus B Møller, Martin M Nielsen, Kelly J Gaffney
The interactions between the reactive excited state of molecular photocatalysts and surrounding solvent dictate reaction mechanisms and pathways, but are not readily accessible to conventional optical spectroscopic techniques. Here we report an investigation of the structural and solvation dynamics following excitation of a model photocatalytic molecular system [Ir2(dimen)4](2+), where dimen is para-diisocyanomenthane. The time-dependent structural changes in this model photocatalyst, as well as the changes in the solvation shell structure, have been measured with ultrafast diffuse X-ray scattering and simulated with Born-Oppenheimer Molecular Dynamics...
November 28, 2016: Nature Communications
Shengjun Liu, Wei Hu, Jayanta Kr Nath, Jing Tong, Xudong Hou, Wenlong Liu, Jinlong Yang, Bo Liu
We present a novel strategy to improve the stability and optical absorption of polyoxotitanates (POTs) via concurrently fully carboxylate-coordinating and hetero-metal-doping, and illustrate the strategy by an indium doped hetero-polyoxotitanate (h-POT) of a [Ti12In6O18(OOCC6H5)30] (POTi12In6) nanocluster, which possesses ultrahigh stability in both acid and base aqueous solutions. The nanocluster structurally features a core-shell double wheel structure and a polar cavity. Both experiments and theoretical calculations confirm the semiconductive properties of the nanocluster...
November 28, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Farshid Ghorbani Shahna, Abdulrahman Bahrami, Iraj Alimohammadi, Rassuol Yarahmadi, Babak Jaleh, Mastaneh Gandomi, Hossein Ebrahimi, Kamal Ad-Din Abedi
The non-thermal plasma (NTP) technique, which suffers from low selectivity in complete oxidation of volatile organic compounds to CO2 and H2O, creates unwanted and harmful byproducts. NTP in concert with photocatalyst can resolve this limitation due to additional oxidation. TiO2 and ZnO nanoparticles were coated on the surface of the expanded graphite and placed downstream of the NTP reactor under UV light. In this study, to compare the performance of NTP and the combined system, chlorobenzene removal, selectivity of CO2 and byproducts formation were investigated...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Xuemei Zhou, Ning Liu, Jochen Schmidt, Axel Kahnt, Andres Osvet, Stefan Romeis, Eva M Zolnhofer, Venkata Ramana Reddy Marthala, Dirk M Guldi, Wolfgang Peukert, Martin Hartmann, Karsten Meyer, Patrik Schmuki
Ball milling TiO2 anatase together with TiH2 can create an effective photocatalyst. The process changes the lattice and electronic structure of anatase. Lattice deformation created by mechanical impact combined with hydride incorporation yield electronic gap-states close to the conduction band of anatase. These provide longer lifetimes of photogenerated charge carriers and lead to an intrinsic cocatalytic activation of anatase for H2 evolution.
November 25, 2016: Advanced Materials
Quan Li, Liang Xu, Kai-Wu Luo, Wei-Qing Huang, Ling-Ling Wang, Xiao-Fei Li, Gui-Fang Huang, Ya-Bin Yu
Recent experiments have shown that the photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4 can be greatly enhanced by C60 modification, however, a fundamental understanding of its mechanistic operation is still lacking. Using first-principles calculations, the interfacial effects of C60/g-C3N4 nanocomposites on the electronic properties, charge transfer and optical response have been explored in detail. For different stacking patterns, the two constituents are always linked by van der Waals (vdW) forces without any exception, and form type-II heterojunctions in most cases...
November 25, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ayad F Alkaim, Enas M Alrobayi, Abrar M Algubili, Aseel M Aljeboree
ZnO nanoparticles of rod-like architecture have excellent potential to be used in wastewater treatment as a photocatalyst. They were synthesized by utilizing sonochemical/hydration- dehydration techniques using glutamine as a biotemplate. The effects of calcination temperatures, that is, 300°C, 500°C, and 700°C, on the crystallinity, optical properties, and photocatalytic activity of synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles were investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results indicated that all calcinated samples have a crystalline hexagonal wurtzite structure...
November 25, 2016: Environmental Technology
Marta Sierra, Emma Borges, Pedro Esparza, Jorge Méndez-Ramos, Jesús Martín-Gil, Pablo Martín-Ramos
Different g-C3N4 composite systems (coke carbon/g-C3N4, Bi/Bi2WO6/g-C3N4 and Bi/Bi2MoO6/g-C3N4) have been assessed as photocatalysts for wastewater pollutants removal. The coke carbon/g-C3N4 hybrid, produced by thermal treatment at 550 °C of a composite made from melamine cyanurate and coke, only showed activity under UV-light irradiation. On the other hand, inorganic Bi spheres/Bi mixed oxides/g-C3N4 nanohybrids (Bi/Bi2WO6/g-C3N4 and Bi/Bi2MoO6/g-C3N4 composites), produced by thermal reduction of Bi2WO6 or Bi2MoO6 by g-C3N4, exhibited a remarkable red-shift, up to 620 nm, and allowed the visible-light driven degradation of the contaminant, albeit in combination with some adsorption...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Gillian Collins, Eileen Armstrong, David McNulty, Sally O'Hanlon, Hugh Geaney, Colm O'Dwyer
This perspective reviews recent advances in inverse opal structures, how they have been developed, studied and applied as catalysts, catalyst support materials, as electrode materials for batteries, water splitting applications, solar-to-fuel conversion and electrochromics, and finally as photonic photocatalysts and photoelectrocatalysts. Throughout, we detail some of the salient optical characteristics that underpin recent results and form the basis for light-matter interactions that span electrochemical energy conversion systems as well as photocatalytic systems...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Sean Taylor, Alexander Samokhvalov
Alkaline earth metal titanates are broad bandgap semiconductors with applications in electronic devices, as catalysts, photocatalysts, sorbents, and sensors. Strontium titanate SrTiO3 is of interest in electronic devices, sensors, in the photocatalytic hydrogen generation, as catalyst and sorbent. Both photocatalysis and operation of electronic devices rely upon the pathways of relaxation of excited charge in the semiconductor, including relaxation through the midgap states. We report characterization of nanocrystalline SrTiO3 at room temperature by "conventional" vs...
November 13, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Haruka Nakanishi, Kosuke Iizuka, Tomoaki Takayama, Akihide Iwase, Akihiko Kudo
Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba and La-doped NaTaO3 has arisen as highly active photocatalysts for CO2 reduction to form CO using water as an electron donor accompanied by O2 evolution under UV irradiation and bubbling of 1 atmosphere of CO2 when an Ag cocatalyst was loaded on those photocatalysts. CO, H2 and O2 simultaneously formed. The ratio of the number of reacted electrons to that of holes was almost unity. This result indicated that water was consumed as an electron donor. A liquid-phase reduction method for loading of the Ag cocatalyst was superior to photodeposition and impregnation methods...
November 22, 2016: ChemSusChem
Qi Zhang, Wen-Zhi Wang, Jing-Jing Yu, Da-Hui Qu, He Tian
A tri-stable switchable catalyst is encoded by pH-controlled dynamic self-assembly of gold and TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs). Through precise adjustment of the integrated dynamic covalent and noncovalent self-assembly process of the two types of nanoparticles, the photocatalytic activity of the hybrid system is modulated by switching pH conditions between tri-stable "highly active", "active", and "inactive" states.
November 22, 2016: Advanced Materials
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