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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646767/enhanced-photodegradation-of-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid-using-a-novel-tio2-mgfe2o4-core-shell-structure
#1
Bui The Huy, Da-Som Jung, Nguyen Thi Kim Phuong, Yong-Ill Lee
A novel TiO2@MgO-Fe2O3 core-shell structure has been synthesized via a hydrolysis and co-precipitation method followed by calcination at 500 °C and has proven to be an efficient photocatalyst. The obtained TiO2@MgO-Fe2O3 core-shell was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and UV-Vis diffused reflectance techniques. Its photocatalytic activity toward 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) was investigated in aqueous solutions with and without visible light irradiation in the presence and absence of hydrogen peroxide...
June 17, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642612/active-removal-of-waste-dye-pollutants-using-ta3n5-w18o49-nanocomposite-fibres
#2
Daniel R Jones, Virginia Gomez, Joseph C Bear, Bertrand Rome, Francesco Mazzali, James D McGettrick, Aled R Lewis, Serena Margadonna, Waheed A Al-Masry, Charles W Dunnill
A scalable solvothermal technique is reported for the synthesis of a photocatalytic composite material consisting of orthorhombic Ta3N5 nanoparticles and WOx≤3 nanowires. Through X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, the as-grown tungsten(VI) sub-oxide was identified as monoclinic W18O49. The composite material catalysed the degradation of Rhodamine B at over double the rate of the Ta3N5 nanoparticles alone under illumination by white light, and continued to exhibit superior catalytic properties following recycling of the catalysts...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641418/measuring-the-carrier-dynamics-of-photocatalyst-micrograins-using-the-christiansen-effect
#3
Gangbei Zhu, Wei Lu, Jiangrui Zhu, Yunliang Li, Liwei Guo, Yuxiang Weng
The optical measurement of photocatalyst materials is subject to Mie scattering when the particle size is comparable to the wavelength of the probe light. A novel approach was developed to deal with this scattering problem in the transient spectroscopy of photocatalyst micrograins using the Christiansen effect because the probe light in the vicinity of the Christiansen frequency can be transmitted. Scattering theory was used to analyze the transient spectra of micrograins and estimate the extinction coefficient at the Christiansen frequency...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640631/photoinduced-oxidative-formylation-of-n-n-dimethylanilines-with-molecular-oxygen-without-external-photocatalyst
#4
Shuai Yang, Pinhua Li, Zhihui Wang, Lei Wang
A photoinduced oxidative formylation of N,N-dimethylanilines with molecular oxygen in the absence of an external photocatalyst was developed and provided the corresponding formamides in good yields under mild reaction conditions. Investigations indicated that both the starting material and product act as photosensitizers and that (1)O2 coexists with O2(•-) during the reaction through energy transfer and single electron transfer process.
June 22, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638067/highly-efficient-photocatalytic-degradation-of-methylene-blue-by-popd-modified-tio-2-nanocomposites-due-to-photosensitization-synergetic-effect-of-tio2-with-popd
#5
Chuanxi Yang, Wenping Dong, Guanwei Cui, Yingqiang Zhao, Xifeng Shi, Xinyuan Xia, Bo Tang, Weiliang Wang
Poly-o-phenylenediamine modified TiO2 nanocomposites were successfully synthesized via an 'in situ' oxidative polymerization method. The modified nanocomposites were characterized by BET, XRD, TEM, FT-IR, TGA, XPS, EA and UV-Vis DRS. The photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue was chosen as a model reaction to evaluate the photocatalytic activities of TiO2 and PoPD/TiO2. The results indicated that PoPD/TiO2 nanocomposites exhibited good photocatalytic activity and stability. The photocatalytic activity of PoPD/TiO2 increased as the initial pH increased because of electrostatic adsorption between the photocatalyst and MB as well as the generation of ·OH, whereas it exhibited an earlier increasing and later decreasing trend as the concentration of the photocatalyst increased owing to the absorption of visible light...
June 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636401/one-step-solvothermal-synthesis-of-petalous-carbon-coated-cu-doped-cds-nanocomposites-with-enhanced-photocatalytic-hydrogen-production
#6
Bin He, Ren Liu, Jiabin Ren, Caijian Tang, Yijun Zhong, Yong Hu
Metal ion doping and nanocoating to CdS photocatalyst have been proved to be effective strategies to inhibit photocorrosion and improve photocatalytic performance. In this study, carbon-coated Cu+-doped CdS nanocomposites (C-Cu-CdS) with a stable petalous structure and highly uniform size distribution were successfully synthesized via a facile one-step solvothermal method. Both Cu+ doping and carbon coating to the CdS photocatalyst are realized in this one-step strategy. Benefiting from the unique core-shell structure and metal ion doping, the as-prepared C-Cu-CdS catalyst exhibits significantly enhanced photostability and visible-light-driven photocatalytic efficiency...
June 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635079/oxygen-vacancy-mediated-photocatalysis-of-biocl-reactivity-selectivity-and-perspective
#7
Hao Li, Jie Li, Zhihui Ai, Falong Jia, Lizhi Zhang
Semiconductor photocatalysis is a trustworthy approach to harvest clean solar light for energy conversions, while state-of-the-art catalytic efficiencies are unsatisfactory because of the finite light response and/or robust charge carriers' recombination. Along with the development of modern material characterization techniques and electronic-structure computations, oxygen vacancies (OVs) on real photocatalysts surface, even in infinitesimal concentration, are found to play a more decisive role in determining the kinetics, energetics and mechanisms of photocatalytic reactions...
June 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634397/one-pot-hydrothermal-synthesis-of-cds-decorated-cus-microflower-like-structures-for-enhanced-photocatalytic-properties
#8
Xiaolong Deng, Chenggang Wang, Hongcen Yang, Minghui Shao, Shouwei Zhang, Xiao Wang, Meng Ding, Jinzhao Huang, Xijin Xu
CdS decorated CuS structures have been controllably synthesized through a one-pot hydrothermal method. The morphologies and compositions of the as-prepared samples could be concurrently well controlled by simply tuning the amount of CdCl2 and thiourea. Using this strategy, the morphology of the products experienced from messy to flower-like morphologies with multiple porous densities, together with the phase evolution from pure CuS to the CdS/CuS composites. Serving as a photocatalyst, the samples synthesized with the addition of 1 mmol cadmium chloride and 3 mmol thiourea during synthetic process, showed the best photocatalytic activity, which could reach a maximum photocatalytic efficiency of 93% for methyl orange (MO) photodegradation after 150 min...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633828/bi25vo40-microcube-with-step-surface-for-visible-light-photocatalytic-reduction-of-cr-vi-enhanced-activity-and-ultrasound-assisted-regeneration
#9
Pei Wang, Wenda Ji, Mingmeng Li, Gaoke Zhang, Jinlong Wang
In this study, a kind of bismuth vanadium (Bi25VO40) microcube with step surface was successfully synthesized by a fast and mild hydrothermal method. The reaction time and hydrothermal temperature are the key factors which are accounted for the formation of this unique structure. The as-prepared Bi25VO40 microcube exhibited considerably higher visible light photocatalytic activity compared with the smooth one, revealing that fabrication of Bi25VO40 with step surface was an effective method to improve the photocatalytic activity...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633818/insight-into-the-synthesis-procedure-of-fe-3-tio2-based-photocatalyst-applied-in-the-selective-photo-oxidation-of-benzyl-alcohol-under-sun-imitating-lamp
#10
Agnieszka Magdziarz, Juan C Colmenares, Olga Chernyayeva, Dmytro Lisovytskiy, Justyna Grzonka, Krzysztof Kurzydłowski, Kinga Freindl, Józef Korecki
Fe(3+)/TiO2/zeolite Y photocatalyst synthesized by using sonophotodeposition method was compared with photocatalysts prepared by simple photodeposition and sonodeposition methods in order to clarify the role of light irradiation and ultrasounds while they are used simultaneously. To gain an insight into the mechanism of this method a detailed characterization of the photocatalysts was carried out by means of the following techniques: UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Mössbauer measurements and photocatalytic test reaction...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632318/-the-easier-the-better-preparation-of-efficient-photocatalysts-metastable-poly-heptazine-imide-salts
#11
Zupeng Chen, Aleksandr Savateev, Sergey Pronkin, Vasiliki Papaefthimiou, Christian Wolff, Marc Georg Willinger, Elena Willinger, Dieter Neher, Markus Antonietti, Dariya Dontsova
Cost-efficient, visible-light-driven hydrogen production from water is an attractive potential source of clean, sustainable fuel. Here, it is shown that thermal solid state reactions of traditional carbon nitride precursors (cyanamide, melamine) with NaCl, KCl, or CsCl are a cheap and straightforward way to prepare poly(heptazine imide) alkali metal salts, whose thermodynamic stability decreases upon the increase of the metal atom size. The chemical structure of the prepared salts is confirmed by the results of X-ray photoelectron and infrared spectroscopies, powder X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy studies, and, in the case of sodium poly(heptazine imide), additionally by atomic pair distribution function analysis and 2D powder X-ray diffraction pattern simulations...
June 20, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631476/room-temperature-rutile-tio2-nanoparticle-formation-on-protonated-layered-titanate-for-high-performance-heterojunction-creation
#12
Kanji Saito, Satoshi Tominaka, Shun Yoshihara, Koji Ohara, Yoshiyuki Sugahara, Yusuke Ide
We report a methodology for creating protonated layered titanate-rutile heterojunctions on the outer particle surface of protonated layered titanate by treating layered potassium titanate (K0.8Ti1.73Li0.27O4) with dilute HCl and then drying it at room temperature under reduced pressure. After Pt co-catalyst-loading, these protonated layered titanate-rutile heterojunctions showed higher photocatalytic H2 evolution activity from water under simulated solar light compared to that of Pt-loaded P25, the standard photocatalyst for this reaction...
June 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629078/fluorescent-cds-pcl-hybrids-via-tartaric-acid-cds-cocatalyzed-polymerization
#13
Manqing Yan, Mingchen Zhou, Jing Chen, Tianlei Zhao, Longxiang Tang, Hong Bi
In this paper, the environment-friendly, water-soluble carbon dots (CDs) with stable photoluminescence (PL) have been prepared via the one-step pyrolysis of lotus leaf. Then the as-prepared CDs containing abundant hydroxylic and carboxylic groups were employed as cocatalyst with tartaric acid (TA) in ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of ε-caprolactone (ε-CL). The low-toxic organic acid TA, as main catalyst, was used to catalyze the ROP of ε-CL efficiently. The fluorescent CDs@PCL hybrids were obviously hydrophobic and they exhibited an excellent biocompatibility, and biodegradability due to the existence of PCL...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628745/significant-enhancement-of-photocatalytic-reduction-of-co2-with-h2o-over-zno-by-the-formation-of-basic-zinc-carbonate
#14
Chunyu Xin, Maocong Hu, Kang Wang, Xi Tao Wang
Electron-hole pair separation efficiency and adsorption performance of photocatalysts to CO2 are the two key factors affecting the performance of photocatalytic CO2 reduction with H2O. Distinct from conventional promoter addition, this study proposed a novel approach to address these two issues by tuning own surface features of semiconductor photocatalyst. Three ZnO samples with different morphologies, surface area and defect content were fabricated by varying preparation methods, characterized by XRD, TEM, room temperature PL spectra, and tested in photoreduction of CO2 with H2O...
June 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628307/present-perspectives-of-advanced-characterization-techniques-in-tio2-based-photocatalysts
#15
Chengzhi Luo, Xiaohui Ren, Zhigao Dai, Yupeng Zhang, Xiang Qi, Chunxu Pan
TiO2 is the most investigated photocatalyst because of its non-toxicity, low cost, chemical stability, and strong photooxidative ability. Due to the morphology and structure dependent photocatalytic properties of TiO2, accurate characterization of the crystal and electronic structures of TiO2-based materials and their performance during the photocatalytic process is crucial not only for understanding the photocatalytic mechanism but also for providing experimental guidelines as well as a theoretical framework for the synthesis of high performance photocatalysts...
June 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627563/highly-efficient-visible-light-driven-photocatalytic-degradation-of-tetracycline-by-a-z-scheme-g-c3n4-bi3tao7-nanocomposite-photocatalyst
#16
Bifu Luo, Min Chen, Zhengyuan Zhang, Jie Xu, Di Li, Dongbo Xu, Weidong Shi
Spatial separation of photogenerated electron-hole pairs is one of the most important factors that determine the efficiency of a photocatalyst. It is well acknowledged that the fabrication of heterogeneous photocatalysts with two different inorganic semiconductors is a good strategy to effectively improve the charge separation of electrons and holes. This study describes a novel visible light-induced g-C3N4/Bi3TaO7 composite photocatalyst with superior photocatalytic properties toward the degradation of tetracycline (TC) by visible light irradiation...
June 19, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627526/polymeric-carbon-nitride-for-solar-hydrogen-production
#17
Xiaobo Li, Anthony F Masters, Thomas Maschmeyer
If solar hydrogen production from water is to be a realistic candidate for industrial hydrogen production, the development of photocatalysts, which avoid the use of expensive and/or toxic elements is highly desirable from a scalability, cost and environmental perspective. Metal-free polymeric carbon nitride is an attractive material that can absorb visible light and produce hydrogen from water. This article reviews recent developments in polymeric carbon nitride as used in photocatalysis and then develops the discussion focusing on the three primary processes of a photocatalytic reaction: light-harvesting, carrier generation/separation/transportation and surface reactions...
June 19, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626570/riboflavin-as-a-bioorthogonal-photocatalyst-for-the-activation-of-a-pt-iv-prodrug
#18
Silvia Alonso-de Castro, Emmanuel Ruggiero, Ane Ruiz-de-Angulo, Elixabete Rezabal, Juan C Mareque-Rivas, Xabier Lopez, Fernando López-Gallego, Luca Salassa
Encouraging developments demonstrate that few transition metal and organometallic catalysts can operate in a bioorthogonal fashion and promote non-natural chemistry in living systems by minimizing undesired side reactions with cellular components. These catalytic processes have potential for applications in medicinal chemistry and chemical biology. However, the stringent conditions of the cell environment severely limit the number of accessible metal catalysts and exogenous reactions. Herein, we report an unorthodox approach and a new type of bioorthogonal catalytic reaction, in which a metal complex is an unconventional substrate and an exogenous biological molecule acts as a catalyst...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626359/noble-metal-modified-octahedral-anatase-titania-particles-with-enhanced-activity-for-decomposition-of-chemical-and-microbiological-pollutants
#19
Z Wei, M Endo, K Wang, E Charbit, A Markowska-Szczupak, B Ohtani, E Kowalska
Octahedral anatase particles (OAPs) were prepared by hydrothermal (HT) reaction of titanate nanowires (TNWs). OAPs were modified with noble metals (Au, Ag, Cu and Pt) by two photodeposition methods: in the absence and in the initial presence of oxygen in the system. Photocatalytic activities for oxidative decomposition of acetic acid and anaerobic dehydrogenation of methanol under UV/vis irradiation and for oxidation of 2-propanol under visible light irradiation were investigated. Antibacterial activities for bacteria (Escherichia coli) and fungi (Candida albicans) were investigated in the dark and under UV irradiation and/or visible light irradiation...
June 15, 2017: Chemical Engineering Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624745/silver-chloride-enwrapped-silver-grafted-on-nitrogen-doped-reduced-graphene-oxide-as-a-highly-efficient-visible-light-driven-photocatalyst
#20
Liang Wang, Yilun Shi, Tianfu Wang, Lili Zhang
The visible-light-driven plasmonic photocatalyst silver chloride enwrapped silver/nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide (AgCl@Ag/N-rGO) was prepared by a facile hydrothermal-in situ oxidation method and characterized by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS). The characterization results reveal that Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were first grafted on N-rGO via N-groups as anchor sites and then enwrapped by AgCl by in situ oxidation...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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