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Yousif H Al Abboudi, Hajer A Busharar, Labib S Alozaibi, Asnin Shah, Rafya Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: De Garengeot hernia was first described in 1731. It is rare type of hernia and there is no established mode of treatment for it to date. This work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria (Agha et al., 2016). PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case of a 72 years old male with a non-reducible right inguinal swelling diagnosed to be a femoral hernia with congested appendix within. There are less than 100 cases like this reported to date in the literature...
May 31, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Maria Escolino, Francois Becmeur, Amulya Saxena, Holger Till, Lorenzo Masieri, Giuseppe Cortese, George W Holcomb, Ciro Esposito
BACKGROUND: Analyzing the recent literature, it seems that the use of irrigation increases the incidence of intra-abdominal abscesses (IAAs) and infectious complications in perforated appendicitis. The aim of this study was to compare peritoneal irrigation and suction versus suction only during laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) for perforated appendicitis in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 699 patients (460 boys and 239 girls, average age 9...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Yusuke Kimura, Takafumi Machimoto, Daiki Yasukawa, Yuki Aisu, Tomohide Hori
BACKGROUND: Appendiceal metastasis from lung cancer is rare. However, it often causes acute appendicitis that requires emergency surgery. We herein report a thought-provoking case of appendiceal metastasis from lung cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 71-year-old man was diagnosed with advanced lung cancer with multiple metastases and underwent chemotherapy. One month later, he developed acute appendicitis, and laparoscopic appendectomy was promptly performed. A swollen appendix and pus collection were observed during surgery...
June 15, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
Olga Bossong, Christoph Rudin, Gabor Szinnai, Thomas O Erb, Jens Moll
Perioperative derangements of fluid and electrolyte homeostasis are rare complications in healthy children. Nonetheless, early diagnosis and treatment are mandatory to avoid a potentially life-threatening situation. However, the variety of underlying pathologies may prove to make accurate diagnosis challenging. This case report presents the management of an unexpected occurrence of a perioperative partial diabetes insipidus with massive fluid loss. Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are discussed in the context of laboratory findings, and an overview of the existing literature is given...
June 11, 2018: A&A practice
Ann Peters, Suketu M Mansuria
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The risk-benefit ratio of concurrent appendectomy at the time of gynecologic surgery has long been debated and remains controversial. However, emerging data on the appendix's role in chronic pain syndromes point to a previously unrecognized link between gynecologic disorders and appendicular pathology. In this article, we review the indications for appendectomy at the time of laparoscopic gynecologic surgery for the treatment of endometriosis and chronic pelvic pain...
June 7, 2018: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Audrius Dulskas, Tomas Poskus, Eligijus Poskus, Kestutis Strupas
Background: Appendiceal mucinous tumour (AMT) is a very uncommon disease. We aimed to evaluate preoperative and postoperative characteristics as well as long-term outcomes of patients with appendiceal mucinous adenomas and peritoneal pseudomyxoma (PMP). Methods: A consecutive cohort of patients diagnosed with AMT were included in the study. Tumour recurrence and the development of PMP was diagnosed based on the patients' complaints, physical examination, imaging studies, and biopsy results...
April 2018: Visceral Medicine
Emily M Bucholz, James C Gay, Matthew Hall, Mitch Harris, Jay G Berry
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare readmission causes and timing within the first 30 days after hospitalization for 3 acute and 3 chronic common pediatric conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Data from the 2013 to 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database were used to examine the daily percentage of readmissions occurring on days 1-30 and the leading causes of readmission after hospitalization for 3 acute (appendicitis, bronchiolitis/croup, and gastroenteritis) and 3 chronic (asthma, epilepsy, and sickle cell) conditions for patients aged 1-17 years (n = 2 753 488)...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Alemayehu Gonie, Kebebe Bekele
Background: Gastrointestinal tuberculosis (TB) accounts for 3% of extrapulmonary TB. Tuberculous appendicitis is a rare type of abdominal TB and is seen in only 0.1%-0.3% of cases. Diagnosis is usually made after histopathologic examination of the appendectomy specimen. In Ethiopia, there had been no previous report of perforated appendicular TB, and to our knowledge, this is the first case report of a patient with perforated tuberculous appendicitis to be presented. Case report: A 22-year-old male patient presented with complaints of severe abdominal cramp, periumbilical pain, nausea, 2 episodes of nonbilious vomiting, as well as high-grade fever...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Filip Sköldberg, Ola Olén, Anders Ekbom, Peter T Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Appendicitis and acute diverticulitis share clinical features and are both influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Appendectomy has been positively associated with diverticular disease in hospital-based case-control studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate, in a population-based setting, whether appendectomy, with or without appendicitis, is associated with an altered risk of hospitalization with diverticular disease...
July 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Hiroyuki Kubo, Atsushi Ikeda, Tsuyoshi Otani, Yasuhide Ishikawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Hind Cherrabi, Salahoudine Idrissa, Hind Abouljaoud, Abdoulaye Harouna Diallo, Karima Atarraf, Aziz El Madi, Khalid Khattala, Youssef Bouabdallah
Claudius Amyand's hernia is defined as the incarceration of the vermiform appendix in the hernia sac. The first reported appendicectomy was performed in 1735. It is very rare among children, hence its frequency is not yet established. We report the case of a 22-day old new born with untreated simple inguinoscrotal hernia who had an urgent admission to the Emergency Department due to occlusive syndrome with no evacuation of faeces and no passing of flatus, inflammatory inguinoscrotal swelling and bilious vomiting persisting for 2 days...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
Mitsugi Shimoda, Tsunehiko Maruyama, Kiyotaka Nishida, Kazuomi Suzuki, Tomoya Tago, Jiro Shimazaki, Shuji Suzuki
Introduction: Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) is now a treatment of choice in patients with appendicitis. This study compares the treatment outcomes of LA and open appendectomies (OA) in our department. Patients and Methods: From January 2006 to April 2016 a total of 185 patients underwent appendectomy at our institution. We divided the patients into two groups; LA group (LAG) and OA group (OAG). Following parameters were analyzed: age, gender, preoperative clinicolaboratory characteristics, operative factors, interval appendectomy, length of hospital stay (LHS), and surgical site infections (SSI)...
May 2018: Heliyon
Washington A Pinto Filho, Cláudia R Fernandes, Mariana L Vale, Josenília M A Gomes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Lauren M Baumann, Kibileri Williams, Tolulope A Oyetunji, Julia Grabowski, Timothy B Lautz
PURPOSE: Approximately one quarter of children with complicated appendicitis develop postoperative abscess, leading to additional procedures and increased length of stay (LOS), but the optimal timing of postoperative imaging to detect abscess is unknown. METHODS: The Pediatric Health Information System database was reviewed, and children who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy in 2013-2014 with postoperative LOS ≥5 days were included. Demographics, imaging, drainage procedures, LOS, and 30-day readmission were analyzed...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Serdar Biricik, Hüseyin Narcı, Güllü Akbaydoğan Dündar, Cüneyt Ayrık, Mehmet Özgür Türkmenoğlu
BACKGROUND: Mean platelet volume (MPV) is an inflammatory marker. Recent studies have shown that there is a negative correlation between platelet count (PC) and MPV and that the ratio of these two values may be more meaningful. The aim of our study was to investigate the diagnostic value of MPV and the MPV/PC ratio in acute appendicitis. METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the emergency department and underwent appendectomy for acute appendicitis between January 2013 and May 2016 were evaluated retrospectively...
May 30, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Onder Karabay, Mustafa Genco Erdem, Mustafa Hasbahceci
Partial necrosis of the cecum is a rare form of ischemic colitis with unknown etiology. A 68-year female patient was admitted due to a severe pain in the right lower quadrant of the abdomen for one week. One month ago, she had coronary artery bypass graft surgery with carotid endarterectomy. During physical examination, tenderness and rebound tenderness at the right lower quadrant were detected. Computed tomography showed a 7-mm tubular structure extending from the back of the cecum to the lower border of the liver...
June 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Enis Dikicier, Fatih Altintoprak, Kayhan Ozdemir, Kemal Gundogdu, Mustafa Yener Uzunoglu, Guner Cakmak, Feyyaz Onuray, Recai Capoglu
Background: Stump appendicitis is inflammation of remnant appendix tissue due to incomplete removal of the appendix. Due to appendectomy history, stump appendicitis diagnosis is usually delay and that can cause increase morbidity. Methods: Medical records of patients who had surgery for acute appendicitis at a single center from 2008 to 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. During the evaluation of medical records, patients that had a previous operation for acute appendicitis or had "stump appendicitis" as an exploratory finding in operation notes were included...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Tiffany Proffitt, Kristen Whitworth, Christopher Trigger
One rare complication of appendectomy is a retained appendicolith, which can become a focal point for infection presenting hours to years after surgery. We present a case in which a 50-year-old male presented to the emergency department with a small bowel obstruction one week post appendectomy. A diagnostic laparoscopy was performed, and a necrotic appendiceal specimen containing a staple line across the base as well as an appendicolith was removed. It is crucial to include rare surgical complications in our differentials, alongside the more common pathologies when approaching and treating patients with abdominal pain...
November 2017: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
Shahram Lotfipour, Max Jason, Vincent J Liu, Mohammad Helmy, Wirachin Hoonpongsimanont, C Eric McCoy, Bharath Chakravarthy
Pregnancy can obscure signs and symptoms of acute appendicitis, making diagnosis challenging. Furthermore, avoiding radiation-based imaging due to fetal risk limits the diagnostic options clinicians have. Once appendicitis has been diagnosed, performing appendectomies has been the more commonly accepted course of action, but conservative, nonsurgical approaches are now being considered. This report describes the latest recommendations from different fields and organizations for the diagnosis and treatment of appendicitis during pregnancy...
May 2018: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
Sarah Assali, Sarah Eapen, Terry Carman, Sophia Horattas, Christopher R Daigle, Charudutt Paranjape
OBJECTIVES: Previous comparisons between single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (SPLA) and multi-port laparoscopic appendectomy have been conflicting and limited. We compare our single-surgeon, SPLA experience with multi-port cases performed during the same time. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 128 single-surgeon single-port and 941 multi-port laparoscopic appendectomy cases from April 2009 to December 2014 was conducted. RESULTS: Patient demographics and preoperative laboratory values were comparable...
May 29, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
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