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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086796/prophylaxis-of-post-erc-infectious-complications-in-patients-with-biliary-obstruction-by-adding-antimicrobial-agents-into-erc-contrast-media-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#1
Hella Wobser, Agnetha Gunesch, Frank Klebl
BACKGROUND: Patients with biliary obstruction are at high risk to develop septic complications after endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC). We evaluated the benefits of local application of antimicrobial agents into ERC contrast media in preventing post-ERC infectious complications in a high-risk study population. METHODS: Patients undergoing ERC at our tertiary referral center were retrospectively included. Addition of vancomycin, gentamicin and fluconazol into ERC contrast media was evaluated in a case-control design...
January 13, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054123/-clamshell-thoracotomy-after-thoracic-knife-wounds
#2
Marcus Rudolph, Niko R E Schneider, Erik Popp
Resuscitation in the event of traumatic cardiac arrest was for a long time considered to be a less than promising technique to employ; however, current data indicate that the prospects of success need not be any poorer than for resuscitation due to cardiac distress. The targeted and rapid remedying of reversible causes can re-establish the circulatory function and the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) algorithm for traumatic cardiac arrest is a helpful guide in this respect. This case report illustrates the resolute implementation of this algorithm in the prehospital environment in the case of an attempted suicide by a thoracic knife wound...
January 4, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019036/utility-of-newly-developed-short-type-double-balloon-endoscopy-for-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiography-in-postoperative-patients
#3
Masaaki Shimatani, Mitsuo Tokuhara, Kota Kato, Sachi Miyamoto, Masataka Masuda, Masayuki Sakao, Norimasa Fukata, Hideaki Miyoshi, Tsukasa Ikeura, Makoto Takaoka, Kazuichi Okazaki
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The utility of conventional short-type DBE (C-short DBE) for pancreatobiliary disease in patients with postoperative anatomy had been widely acknowledged and accepted. However, some technical difficulties yet remained. In an attempt to solve these problems, the new short-type DBE (N-short DBE) was uniquely designed for therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) in postoperative patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of N-short DBE for ERC in postoperative patients...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017971/labour-and-childbirth-after-previous-caesarean-section-recommendations-of-the-austrian-society-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-oeggg
#4
P Reif, C Brezinka, T Fischer, P Husslein, U Lang, A Ramoni, H Zeisler, P Klaritsch
The new expert recommendation from the Austrian Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (OEGGG) comprises an interpretation and summary of guidelines from the leading specialist organisations worldwide (RCOG, ACOG, SOGC, CNGOF, WHO, NIH, NICE, UpToDate). In essence it outlines alternatives to the direct pathway to elective repeat caesarean section (ERCS). In so doing it aligns with international trends, according to which a differentiated, individualised clinical approach is recommended that considers benefits and risks to both mother and child, provides detailed counselling and takes the patient's wishes into account...
December 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995852/does-endorectal-coil-mri-increase-the-accuracy-of-preoperative-prostate-cancer-staging
#5
Aydin Pooli, Sudhir Isharwal, Gates Cook, Jennifer M Oliveto, Chad A LaGrange
INTRODUCTION: We sought to investigate the association of preprostatectomy magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and surgical pathologic findings in patients with prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with prostate cancer and preprostatectomy MRI available between 2002 and 2015 were included. Age, prostate-specific antigen at diagnosis, Gleason score at biopsy, MRI technique, radiology report suggestive of prostate cancer, extraprostatic invasion and seminal vesicle involvement, lymphadenopathy and final pathology report were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914590/need-for-multidisciplinary-massive-transfusion-protocol-for-non-trauma-patient
#6
M Quintana-Díaz, J A García Erce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medicina Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908204/clinical-implications-of-serial-versus-isolated-biliary-fluorescence-in-situ-hybridization-fish-polysomy-in-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#7
Kevin P Quinn, James H Tabibian, Keith D Lindor
BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a leading cause of death in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). Biliary polysomy detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) helps to identify patients with early CCA, but not all PSC patients with polysomy develop CCA. Here, we examined the features and clinical outcomes of PSC patients with serial versus isolated polysomy. METHODS: All patients with PSC who underwent ≥1 endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) with FISH testing at Mayo Clinic, Rochester from 2008-2011 were identified...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865608/benefit-in-long-term-response-and-mortality-of-treatment-with-intravenous-immunoglobulin-prior-to-plasmapheresis-in-peripheral-polyneuropathies
#8
I Parra-Salinas, V P González-Rodríguez, J A Gracia Pina, J J Gimeno Lozano, J A García-Erce
OBJECTIVES: The benefits of plasmapheresis (PA) for neurologic autoimmune diseases have been widely demonstrated. Little is known about the long-term neurologic prognosis and course after PA and immunosuppressive (IS) and/or intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment. We aimed to analyse features associated with short-term response and long-term outcome and prognosis (neurologic status and mortality) of peripheral polyneuropathy (PP) and central nervous system acute inflammatory disease (CNSAID) treated with PA...
November 16, 2016: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861697/practice-variation-of-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-and-the-influence-of-risk-factors-at-patient-level-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Emy Vankan, Ellen N Schoorel, Sander M van Kuijk, Ben-Willem J Mol, Jan G Nijhuis, Robert Aardenburg, Marleen Alink, Karin de Boer, Friso M C Delemarre, Carmen D Dirksen, Ivo M van Dooren, Maureen T M Franssen, Mesrure Kaplan, Gunilla Kleiverda, Simone M I Kuppens, Anneke Kwee, Josje Langenveld, Frans T Lim, Sonja Melman, Marko J Sikkema, Luc J Smits, Harry Visser, Mallory Woiski, Hubertina C Scheepers, Rosella P Hermens
INTRODUCTION: Large practice variation exists in mode of delivery after cesarean section, suggesting variation in implementation of contemporary guidelines. We aim to evaluate this practice variation and to what extent this can be explained by risk factors at patient level. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was performed among 17 Dutch hospitals in 2010. Women with one prior cesarean section without a contraindication for a trial of labor were included...
November 16, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859925/material-specificity-drives-medial-temporal-lobe-familiarity-but-not-hippocampal-recollection
#10
Alex Kafkas, Ellen M Migo, Robin G Morris, Michael D Kopelman, Daniela Montaldi, Andrew R Mayes
The specific role of the perirhinal (PRC), entorhinal (ERC) and parahippocampal cortices (PHC) in supporting familiarity-based recognition remains unknown. An fMRI study explored whether these medial temporal lobe (MTL) structures responded in the same way or differentially to familiarity as a function of stimulus type at recognition. A secondary aim was to explore whether the hippocampus responds in the same way to equally strong familiarity and recollection and whether this is influenced by the kind of stimulus involved...
November 16, 2016: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806633/surveillance-of-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis-with-erc-and-brush-cytology-risk-factors-for-cholangiocarcinoma
#11
Sonja Boyd, Harri Mustonen, Andrea Tenca, Kalle Jokelainen, Johanna Arola, Martti A Färkkilä
OBJECTIVE: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease leading to bile duct strictures and fibrosis, and predisposing to cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). Biliary dysplasia is a known precursor of CCA. In our unit, PSC patients undergo regular surveillance with ERC and brush cytology (BC), and liver transplantation is an option in case with biliary dysplasia. We evaluated the risk factors for biliary dysplasia and CCA based on ERC imaging, BC and liver function tests...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798373/prolongation-of-cardiac-allograft-survival-by-endometrial-regenerative-cells-focusing-on-b-cell-responses
#12
Xiaoxi Xu, Xiaochun Li, Xiangying Gu, Bai Zhang, Weijun Tian, Hongqiu Han, Peng Sun, Caigan Du, Hao Wang
: : Endometrial regenerative cells (ERCs) have been recently evaluated as an attractive candidate source for emerging stem cell therapies in immunosuppression, but their role in immunoregulation is not fully understood. The present study was designed to investigate their effects, especially on B-cell responses in heart transplantation. In this study, ERCs were noninvasively obtained from menstrual blood. Heart transplantation was performed between C57BL/6 (H-2(b)) donor mice and BALB/c (H-2(d)) recipients...
October 26, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796141/ultrathin-choledochoscope-improves-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-gallstones-and-suspected-choledocholithiasis
#13
Hong-Tian Xia, Bin Liang, Yang Liu, Tao Yang, Jian-Ping Zeng, Jia-Hong Dong
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and simultaneous laparoscopic transcystic common bile duct exploration (LTCBDE) using an ultrathin choledochoscope with LC followed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERC) and endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) when indicated. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients seen between 2004 and 2014 and treated with LC+LTCBDE or LC for gallstones and suspected choledocholithiasis...
December 2016: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792308/viability-of-carbon-capture-and-sequestration-retrofits-for-existing-coal-fired-power-plants-under-an-emission-trading-scheme
#14
Shuchi Talati, Haibo Zhai, M Granger Morgan
Using data on the coal-fired electric generating units (EGUs) in Texas we assess the economic feasibility of retrofitting existing units with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) in order to comply with the Clean Power Plan's rate-based emission standards under an emission trading scheme. CCS with 90% capture is shown to be more economically attractive for a range of existing units than purchasing emission rate credits (ERCs) from a trading market at an average credit price above $28 per MWh under the final state standard and $35 per MWh under the final national standard...
December 6, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788742/-the-outcome-of-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-section
#15
Z Q Qu, R M Ma, H Xiao, Y Q Tian, B L Li, K Liang, M Y Du, Z Chen, L Geng, M H Yang, Y P Tao, B Zhu
Objective: To explore the outcome of trial of labor after cesarean section(TOLAC). Methods: Totally 614 TOLAC were conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from July 2013 to June 2016. Among them, 586 cases of singleton pregnancy with one prior cesarean section(gestational age≥28 weeks)were studied retrospectively. The maternal and neonatal outcomes among the vaginal birth after cesarean(VBAC)group(481 cases), failed TOLAC group(105 cases)and the elective repeat cesarean section(ERCS)group(1 145 cases)were compared...
October 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777222/comprehensive-assessment-and-performance-improvement-of-effector-protein-predictors-for-bacterial-secretion-systems-iii-iv-and-vi
#16
Yi An, Jiawei Wang, Chen Li, André Leier, Tatiana Marquez-Lago, Jonathan Wilksch, Yang Zhang, Geoffrey I Webb, Jiangning Song, Trevor Lithgow
Bacterial effector proteins secreted by various protein secretion systems play crucial roles in host-pathogen interactions. In this context, computational tools capable of accurately predicting effector proteins of the various types of bacterial secretion systems are highly desirable. Existing computational approaches use different machine learning (ML) techniques and heterogeneous features derived from protein sequences and/or structural information. These predictors differ not only in terms of the used ML methods but also with respect to the used curated data sets, the features selection and their prediction performance...
October 24, 2016: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771634/cross-sectional-serologic-assessment-of-immunity-to-poliovirus-in-differential-risk-areas-of-india-india-seroprevalence-survey-2014
#17
Mohammad Ahmad, Sunil Bahl, Abhishek Kunwar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the seroprevalence against all three poliovirus serotypes in traditional high risk areas in Bihar, lowest routine immunization coverage areas in Madhya Pradesh and migrant population living in Mumbai urban slums. DESIGN: Cross-sectional Survey. SETTING: Subjects selected by house to house visit (community based) and transported to government health facilities for further study procedures. PARTICIPANTS: 1137 randomly selected healthy infants 6-11 months of age residing in the selected high-risk areas...
August 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770815/human-endometrial-regenerative-cells-alleviate-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-mice
#18
Shanzheng Lu, Ganggang Shi, Xiaoxi Xu, Grace Wang, Xu Lan, Peng Sun, Xiang Li, Baoren Zhang, Xiangying Gu, Thomas E Ichim, Hao Wang
BACKGROUND: The endometrial regenerative cell (ERC) is a novel type of adult mesenchymal stem cell isolated from menstrual blood. Previous studies demonstrated that ERCs possess unique immunoregulatory properties in vitro and in vivo, as well as the ability to differentiate into functional hepatocyte-like cells. For these reasons, the present study was undertaken to explore the effects of ERCs on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury (ALI). METHODS: An ALI model in C57BL/6 mice was induced by administration of intraperitoneal injection of CCl4...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746074/-changes-in-the-international-recommendations-on-neonatal-stabilisation-and-resuscitation-2015
#19
Gonzalo Zeballos Sarrato, Enrique Salguero García, Josefa Aguayo Maldonado, Celia Gómez Robles, Marta Thió Lluch, Martín Iriondo Sanz
The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) recommendations provide a universal guide of measures to support the transition and resuscitation of newborn after their birth. This guide is expected to be adapted by local groups or committees on resuscitation, according to their own circumstances. The objective of this review is to analyse the main changes, to discuss several of the controversies that have appeared since 2010, and contrasting with other national and international organisations, such as European Resuscitation Council (ERC), American Heart Association (AHA), or the Australian-New Zealand Committee on Resuscitation (ANZCOR)...
January 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738823/functional-exercise-capacity-and-lung-function-in-patients-undergoing-an-early-rehabilitation-program-after-the-nuss-procedure-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Sâmia Georgia Dantas Linhares, João Carlos Das-Neves Pereira, Paulo Manuel Pêgo Fernades, José Ribas Milanez de Campos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the functional exercise capacity and the lung function among patients undergoing early rehabilitation with those submitted to the conventional care after pectus excavatum repair using the Nuss procedure. METHOD: Patients were randomly allocated to the early rehabilitation group (ERG) who started rehabilitation after surgery and the group of the conventional care (CG) received routine care of the institution. They were evaluated before surgery (preoperative) and in hospital discharge day (postoperative)...
October 13, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
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