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Mental accounting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776731/comorbidity-in-illness-induced-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-versus-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-due-to-external-events-in-a-nationally-representative-study
#1
Jordana L Sommer, Natalie Mota, Donald Edmondson, Renée El-Gabalawy
OBJECTIVE: The current study compared physical and mental health characteristics and quality of life of illness-induced posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) versus those with PTSD due to external traumatic events in a population-based sample. METHOD: PTSD was assessed with the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule (AUDADIS-5) using DSM-5 criteria in the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Participants with past-year PTSD (n = 1779) were categorized into two groups: illness-induced (6...
May 10, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772468/understanding-child-protection-decisions-involving-parents-with-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse
#2
Joseph N Roscoe, Bridgette Lery, Jaclyn E Chambers
Among children investigated for maltreatment, those with parents experiencing mental illness or substance abuse are more likely to be placed out-of-home; however, little is known about why these children are at greater risk. Using a sample of 2488 Structured Decision Making® assessments administered in San Francisco county from 2011 to 2015, we identified a profile of safety threats that accounts for why workers are more likely to determine children of parents with mental illness and/or substance abuse unsafe in the home...
May 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771617/public-support-for-gun-violence-prevention-policies-among-gun-owners-and-non-gun-owners-in-2017
#3
Colleen L Barry, Daniel W Webster, Elizabeth Stone, Cassandra K Crifasi, Jon S Vernick, Emma E McGinty
OBJECTIVES: To compare public support for 24 different gun policies between gun owners and non-gun owners in 2017. METHODS: We fielded a national public opinion survey in January 2017 using an online panel to measure US adults' support for 24 gun policies. We compared support among gun owners and non-gun owners. RESULTS: For 23 of the 24 policies examined, most respondents supported restricting or regulating gun ownership. Only 8 of 24 policies had greater than a 10-point support gap between gun owners and non-gun owners...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769243/hospitalization-for-suicide-ideation-or-attempt-2008-2015
#4
Gregory Plemmons, Matthew Hall, Stephanie Doupnik, James Gay, Charlotte Brown, Whitney Browning, Robert Casey, Katherine Freundlich, David P Johnson, Carrie Lind, Kris Rehm, Susan Thomas, Derek Williams
OBJECTIVES: Suicide ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SAs) have been reported as increasing among US children over the last decade. We examined trends in emergency and inpatient encounters for SI and SA at US children's hospitals from 2008 to 2015. METHODS: We used retrospective analysis of administrative billing data from the Pediatric Health Information System database. RESULTS: There were 115 856 SI and SA encounters during the study period...
May 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769171/an-internet-resource-for-self-assessment-of-mental-health-and-health-behavior-development-and-implementation-of-the-self-assessment-kiosk
#5
Robert G Maunder, Jonathan J Hunter
BACKGROUND: Standardized measurement of physical and mental health is useful for identification of health problems. Personalized feedback of the results can influence health behavior, and treatment outcomes can be improved by monitoring feedback over time. However, few resources are available that are free for users, provide feedback from validated measurement instruments, and measure a wide range of health domains. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop an internet self-assessment resource that fills the identified gap and collects data to generate and test hypotheses about health, to test its feasibility, and to describe the characteristics of its users...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769135/health-inequalities-between-employed-and-unemployed-in-northern-sweden-a-decomposition-analysis-of-social-determinants-for-mental-health
#6
Anna Brydsten, Anne Hammarström, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Even though population health is strongly influenced by employment and working conditions, public health research has to a lesser extent explored the social determinants of health inequalities between people in different positions on the labour market, and whether these social determinants vary across the life course. This study analyses mental health inequalities between unemployed and employed in three age groups (youth, adulthood and mid-life), and identifies the extent to which social determinants explain the mental health gap between employed and unemployed in northern Sweden...
May 16, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767436/police-interactions-and-interventions-with-suspects-flagged-as-experiencing-mental-health-problems
#7
Eddie Kane, Emily Evans, Jurgen Mitsch, Tahseen Jilani, Philip Quinlan, Jack Cattell, Najat Khalifa
BACKGROUND: Interactions between individuals experiencing mental health (MH) problems and the police are complex, and effectiveness of innovative support and diversion models in England and Wales not yet fully evaluated. AIMS/HYPOTHESES: Our aims were to examine police interactions with suspects and to measure the immediate effectiveness of police/NHS MH interventions, including liaison and diversion and embedded staff in police contact and control rooms. We hypothesised that those with an MH flag would have significantly greater benefit from such interventions than those without in terms of how far they are taken down the criminal justice pathway and how long they spend in police custody...
May 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766600/effect-of-childhood-adversities-on-alcohol-problems-is-mainly-mediated-by-depression
#8
Raimo K R Salokangas, Tiina From, Sinikka Luutonen, Henri R W Salokangas, Jarmo Hietala
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to study how five childhood adversities and trauma (CAT) core domains: emotional abuse (EmoAb), physical abuse (PhyAb), sexual abuse (SexAb), emotional neglect (EmoNeg), physical neglect (PhyNeg), associate with alcohol problems (APs), and whether there are any gender differences in these associations. METHODS: Altogether, 690 adult participants drawn from the general population completed a mailed questionnaire, including the trauma and distress scale, as an indicator of CAT, and questions concerning sociodemographic background, depressive symptoms, and APs...
May 15, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762643/educational-mobility-across-generations-and-depressive-symptoms-over-10-years-among-us-latinos
#9
Julia B Ward, Whitney R Robinson, Brian W Pence, Joanna Maselko, Sandra S Albrecht, Mary N Haan, Allison E Aiello
Few studies have collected intergenerational data to assess the association between educational mobility across multiple generations and offspring depression. Using data from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (1998-2008), we assessed the influence of intergenerational education on depressive symptoms over 10 years among 1,786 Latino individuals (mean age = 70.6 years). Educational mobility was classified: stable-low (low parent/low offspring education), upwardly mobile (low parent/high offspring education), stable-high (high parent/high offspring education), or downwardly mobile (high parent/low offspring education)...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762274/decomposing-medicaid-spending-during-health-system-reform-and-aca-expansion-evidence-from-oregon
#10
Stephanie Renfro, Stephan Lindner, K John McConnell
BACKGROUND: Expansion of the Medicaid program is likely to create new budgetary pressures at the state and federal levels, creating a need for greater understanding of how program dollars are allocated and what drives spending growth. OBJECTIVE: To characterize Oregon Medicaid expenditures across diseases and medical conditions, during periods of payment reform and coverage expansion. RESEARCH DESIGN: Decomposition of changes in Medicaid expenditures using a person-based allocation of spending across 50 diseases/medical conditions...
May 12, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762273/patient-engagement-in-aco-practices-and-patient-reported-outcomes-among-adults-with-co-occurring-chronic-disease-and-mental-health-conditions
#11
Susan L Ivey, Stephen M Shortell, Hector P Rodriguez, Yue Emily Wang
BACKGROUND: Accountable care organizations (ACOs) have increased their use of patient activation and engagement strategies, but it is unknown whether they achieve better outcomes for patients with comorbid chronic physical and mental health conditions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the extent to which practices with patient-centered cultures, greater shared decision-making strategies, and better coordination among team members have better patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for patients with diabetes and/or cardiovascular and comorbid mental health diagnoses...
May 12, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762084/irritable-bowel-symptoms-use-of-healthcare-costs-sickness-and-disability-pension-benefits-a-long-term-population-based-study
#12
Chalotte H Poulsen, Lene F Eplov, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene H Hastrup, Marie Eliasen, Thomas M Dantoft, Andreas Schröder, Torben Jørgensen
OBJECTIVES: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with increased healthcare use and work absenteeism. We aimed to investigate long-term use of healthcare services and social benefits across IBS symptom groups. Additionally, we estimated excess healthcare costs. METHODS: A longitudinal population-based study comprising two 5-year follow-up studies: The Danish part of the Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (Dan-MONICA) 1 (1982-1987) and Inter99 (1999-2004) recruited from the western part of Copenhagen County...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761348/deprivation-is-associated-with-worse-physical-and-mental-health-beyond-income-poverty-a-population-based-household-survey-among-chinese-adults
#13
Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Gary Ka-Ki Chung, David Gordon, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Dicken Chan, Maggie Ka-Wai Lau, Vera Mun-Yu Tang, Hung Wong
PURPOSE: In studying health inequality, poverty as measured by income is frequently used; however, this omits the aspects of non-monetary resources and social barriers to achieving improved living standard. Therefore, our study aimed to examine the associations of individual-level deprivation of material and social necessities with general physical and mental health beyond that of income poverty. METHODS: A territory-wide two-stage stratified random sample of 2282 community-dwelling Hong Kong adults was surveyed between 2014 and 2015...
May 14, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760671/emotion-in-stories-facial-emg-evidence-for-both-mental-simulation-and-moral-evaluation
#14
Björn 't Hart, Marijn E Struiksma, Anton van Boxtel, Jos J A van Berkum
Facial electromyography research shows that corrugator supercilii ("frowning muscle") activity tracks the emotional valence of linguistic stimuli. Grounded or embodied accounts of language processing take such activity to reflect the simulation or "reenactment" of emotion, as part of the retrieval of word meaning (e.g., of "furious") and/or of building a situation model (e.g., for "Mark is furious"). However, the same muscle also expresses our primary emotional evaluation of things we encounter...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760615/stress-itch-and-quality-of-life-in-chronic-urticaria-females
#15
Alicja Ograczyk-Piotrowska, Zofia Gerlicz-Kowalczuk, Anna Pietrzak, Anna M Zalewska-Janowska
Introduction: Chronic urticaria (CU) belongs to a group of psychodermatological disorders, thus stress can play a significant role in this dermatosis onset and/or exacerbation. On the other hand, the disease itself accompanied by itch, may be a source of distress and could worsen patients' quality of life (QoL). Aim: The first goal of our study was to compare stress intensity between CU subjects and the control group. The second aim was to investigate the relationships between disease-related parameters (CU severity, itch) and psychological variables (stress and QoL) in CU patients...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760066/socioeconomic-status-moderates-age-related-differences-in-the-brain-s-functional-network-organization-and-anatomy-across-the-adult-lifespan
#16
Micaela Y Chan, Jinkyung Na, Phillip F Agres, Neil K Savalia, Denise C Park, Gagan S Wig
An individual's environmental surroundings interact with the development and maturation of their brain. An important aspect of an individual's environment is his or her socioeconomic status (SES), which estimates access to material resources and social prestige. Previous characterizations of the relation between SES and the brain have primarily focused on earlier or later epochs of the lifespan (i.e., childhood, older age). We broaden this work to examine the relationship between SES and the brain across a wide range of human adulthood (20-89 years), including individuals from the less studied middle-age range...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759057/comparing-costs-of-traditional-and-specialty-probation-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness
#17
Jennifer L Skeem, Lina Montoya, Sarah M Manchak
OBJECTIVE: Specialty mental health probation reduces the likelihood of rearrest for people with mental illness, who are overrepresented in the justice system. This study tested whether specialty probation was associated with lower costs than traditional probation during the two years after placement in probation. METHODS: A longitudinal, matched study compared costs of behavioral health care and criminal justice contacts among 359 probationers with mental illness at prototypic specialty or traditional agencies...
May 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757771/age-differences-in-the-coping-strategies-of-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#18
Youngmi Kang, Heesook Son
BACKGROUND: Colon and/or rectum cancer (CRC) patients use various strategies to cope with their condition, and these can vary between age groups. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate differences between psychosocial/spiritual variables and coping strategies in CRC patients of different age groups (younger vs older) and to identify the predictors of coping for both age groups. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at 3 outpatient clinics in Korea...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755383/seeing-more-than-human-autism-and-anthropomorphic-theory-of-mind
#19
REVIEW
Gray Atherton, Liam Cross
Theory of mind (ToM) is defined as the process of taking another's perspective. Anthropomorphism can be seen as the extension of ToM to non-human entities. This review examines the literature concerning ToM and anthropomorphism in relation to individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), specifically addressing the questions of how and why those on the spectrum both show an increased interest for anthropomorphism and may even show improved ToM abilities when judging the mental states of anthropomorphic characters...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754712/to-what-extent-do-clinical-practice-guidelines-respond-to-the-needs-and-preferences-of-patients-diagnosed-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#20
Amelia Villena-Jimena, Clara Gómez-Ocaña, Gisela Amor-Mercado, Amanda Núñez-Vega, José Miguel Morales-Asencio, María Magdalena Hurtado
INTRODUCTION: The number of Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) to help in making clinical decisions is increasing. However, there is currently a lack of CPG for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder that take into account the requirements and expectations of the patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine whether recommendations of the NICE guideline, "Obsessive-compulsive disorder: core interventions in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and body dysmorphic disorder" agrees with the needs and preferences of patients diagnosed with OCD in the mental health service...
April 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
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