keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mental accounting

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721649/health-related-quality-of-life-for-women-ever-experiencing-infertility-or-difficulty-staying-pregnant
#1
Sheree L Boulet, Ruben A Smith, Sara Crawford, Dmitry M Kissin, Lee Warner
INTRODUCTION: Information on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for women with infertility is limited and does not account for the co-occurrence of chronic conditions or emotional distress. METHODS: We used data from state-added questions on reproductive health included in the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in seven states. HRQOL indicators included: self-reported health status; number of days in the past 30 days when physical and mental health was not good; number of days in the past 30 days that poor physical or mental health limited activities...
July 18, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720635/increased-public-accountability-for-hospital-nonprofit-status-potential-impacts-on-residency-positions
#2
Melanie C Raffoul, Robert L Phillips
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine recently called for greater graduate medical education (GME) accountability for meeting the workforce needs of the nation. The Affordable Care Act expanded community health needs assessment (CHNA) requirements for nonprofit and tax-exempt hospitals to include community assessment, intervention, and evaluation every 3 years but did not specify details about workforce. Texas receives relatively little federal GME funding but has used Medicaid waivers to support GME expansion...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720620/in-this-issue-opiates-tobacco-social-determinants-of-health-social-accountability-for-non-profit-hospitals-more-on-pcmh-and-clinical-topics
#3
EDITORIAL
Marjorie A Bowman, Anne Victoria Neale, Dean A Seehusen
This issue contains several articles about the factors contributing to the complex and deadly interplay between social determinants of health, pain, mental illness, and addictive substances such as opioids and tobacco. One article clearly is a call to action: more than half of opioid prescriptions in the United States are given to patients with mental health problems. Two articles report work on the next steps for social determinants of health in health care settings. Social accountability based on community health needs assessments required of community hospitals should lead to the creation of more family medicine residency positions...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720550/sex-linked-association-between-cortical-scene-selectivity-and-navigational-ability
#4
Xiang-Zhen Kong, Yi Huang, Xin Hao, Siyuan Hu, Jia Liu
Spatial navigation is a crucial ability for living. Previous studies have shown that males are better at navigation than females, but little is known about the neural basis underlying the sex differences. In this study, we investigated whether cortical scene processing in three well-established scene-selective regions was sexually different, by examining sex differences in scene selectivity and its behavioral relevance to navigation. To do this, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to scan the parahippocampal place area (PPA), retrosplenial complex (RSC), and occipital place area (OPA) in a large cohort of healthy young adults viewing navigationally relevant scenes (N = 202), and correlated their neural selectivity to scenes with their self-reported navigational ability...
July 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717823/-interdisciplinary-pain-assessment-in-the-hospital-setting-merely-a%C3%A2-door-opener-to-multimodal-pain-therapy
#5
E Sens, M Mothes-Lasch, J F Lutz
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is characterized by a complex interaction of somatic, mental and social factors. Assessing these factors in patients with chronic pain is vital during the diagnostic work-up and when making a structured treatment plan. Interdisciplinary pain assessment (ISA) is the most promising method to deal with these challenges. This article presents our experience in performing pain assessments in the hospital setting and also illustrates the characteristic features of chronic pain patients undergoing such assessments...
July 17, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715595/lifestyle-physical-activity-and-cognitive-functions-the-impact-on-the-scores-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca
#6
A Innocenti, D M Cammisuli, D Sgromo, F Franzoni, J Fusi, F Galetta, C Pruneti
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a rapid screening tool, including subtests to assess several cognitive domains, developed to detect MCI from normal ageing cognitive changes. Several validation and normative studies have conducted around the world considering the influences of age and education on the MoCA score, but none takes into account the lifestyle and habits. However, lifestyles, and particularly physical activity (PA) have been positively associated with both physical and mental health in elderly...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714711/children-understand-that-agents-maximize-expected-utilities
#7
Julian Jara-Ettinger, Sammy Floyd, Joshua B Tenenbaum, Laura E Schulz
A growing set of studies suggests that our ability to infer, and reason about, mental states is supported by the assumption that agents maximize utilities-the rewards they attain minus the costs they incur. This assumption enables observers to work backward from agents' observed behavior to their underlying beliefs, preferences, and competencies. Intuitively, however, agents may have incomplete, uncertain, or wrong beliefs about what they want. More formally, agents try to maximize their expected utilities...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713187/structural-representations-causally-relevant-and-different-from-detectors
#8
Paweł Gładziejewski, Marcin Miłkowski
This paper centers around the notion that internal, mental representations are grounded in structural similarity, i.e., that they are so-called S-representations. We show how S-representations may be causally relevant and argue that they are distinct from mere detectors. First, using the neomechanist theory of explanation and the interventionist account of causal relevance, we provide a precise interpretation of the claim that in S-representations, structural similarity serves as a "fuel of success", i.e., a relation that is exploitable for the representation using system...
2017: Biology & Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713077/-burnout-syndrome-among-physiotherapists
#9
Krzysztof Owczarek, Stanisław Wojtowicz, Witold Pawłowski, Dariusz Białoszewski
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Symptoms of burnout include mental and physical exhaustion, accompanied by psychosomatic disorders and emotional problems. Burnout occurs most often in people employed in occupations requiring working with people (human services) as a result of coping with stress and experience numerous failures at work. The aim of the research is the analysis of burnout among physiotherapists and demographic factors and conditions that may contribute to the burnout...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713072/link-worker-social-prescribing-to-improve-health-and-well-being-for-people-with-long-term-conditions-qualitative-study-of-service-user-perceptions
#10
Suzanne Moffatt, Mel Steer, Sarah Lawson, Linda Penn, Nicola O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences of patients with long-term conditions who are referred to and engage with a Link Worker social prescribing programme and identify the impact of the Link Worker programme on health and well-being. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews with thematic analysis of the data. INTERVENTION: Link Worker social prescribing programme comprising personalised support to identify meaningful health and wellness goals, ongoing support to achieve agreed objectives and linkage into appropriate community services...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712429/the-association-between-multiple-chemical-sensitivity-and-mental-illness-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-canadians
#11
Dylan Johnson, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present study was to investigate the association between multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) and major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), MDD and GAD comorbidity (MDD+GAD), severe distress, and positive mental wellbeing. METHODS: This cross-sectional investigation was carried out using the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health Component. The study population consisted of 21,977 individuals aged 20 and older, from Canada's ten provinces...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712379/mental-health-difficulties-and-academic-attainment-evidence-for-gender-specific-developmental-cascades-in-middle-childhood
#12
Margarita Panayiotou, Neil Humphrey
We present a developmental cascade model of the longitudinal relationships between internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and academic performance in middle childhood, utilizing a large sample (N = 1,771) from the United Kingdom in a 3-year, cross-lag design. Three hypotheses were tested: adjustment erosion, academic incompetence, and (cumulative) shared risk. In addition, we sought to examine whether developmental cascade pathways varied across gender, while also statistically exploring indirect, mediation pathways...
July 17, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712351/bringing-recovery-and-consumers-views-into-the-mainstream-of-mental-health-quality-measurement
#13
Harold A Pincus, Brigitta Spaeth-Rublee, Parashar Pravin Ramanuj
Health policies in the United States and elsewhere are moving to increase accountability of health care systems and providers for providing high-quality, efficient care and driving application of evidence-based improvement strategies. To support these efforts, a "quality measurement industrial complex" has been created to develop, endorse, and apply quality measures that incentivize these behaviors. Parallel to this development in mental health care is an emerging commitment to include recovery orientation approaches in treating serious mental illness...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709430/exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcomes-scale-honos-in-a-sample-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-schizotypal-and-delusional-disorders
#14
Wayne Smith, Silia Vitoratou, Paul McCrone, Anita Patel
BACKGROUND: The Health of the Nation Outcomes Scale (HoNOS) is recommended for use by the English National Service Framework for Mental Health and by the working group on outcome indicators for severe mental illnesses to the Department of Health. It was developed to measure the health and social functioning of people with severe mental illness. Since the development of the HoNOS many have debated its latent structure. This paper examines the latent structure of the HoNOS using current factor analysis techniques...
July 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709119/a-compensating-income-variation-approach-to-valuing-34-health-conditions-in-iceland
#15
Tinna Laufey Asgeirsdottir, Kristin Helga Birgisdottir, Thorhildur Ólafsdóttir, Sigurdur Pall Olafsson
Using data from an Icelandic health-and-lifestyle survey carried out in 2007, 2009, and 2012, we employ a compensating income variation (CIV) approach to estimate the monetary value sufficient to compensate individuals for the presence of various sub-optimal health conditions. This method is inexpensive and easy on subjects and has been applied to several desiderata that do not have revealed market prices. The CIV literature is, however, still limited in its application to health and thus information about its suitability is limited...
June 30, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708737/factors-associated-with-sexual-health-and-well-being-in-older-adulthood
#16
Maria Kleinstäuber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an update of recent studies on factors associated with sexual well being in older people with a special focus on sexual activity, satisfaction and function. RECENT FINDINGS: Most recent studies confirmed the relationship between mental health status, especially negative affect and depressive symptoms, and sexual health in older adulthood. However, when this relationship is investigated more deeply, it seems that in fact positive psychological well being (positive affect and quality of life) accounts for sexual activity rather than the lack of depressive symptoms...
July 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708475/prevalence-and-length-of-the-anterior-loop-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-in-iranians
#17
Mahsa Shariati, Maryam Rastegar Moghddam, Zeinab Davoudmanesh, Nasim Azizi, Vahid Rakhshan
The anterior loop of the inferior alveolar nerve is a sensitive anatomical feature which should be taken into account during installing dental implants anterior to the mental foramen. Since results regarding its prevalence and length are controversial, this study was conducted. A total of 452 mandible quadrants of 234 patients (age: 50.1±13.3 years, 113 males, 121 females) were studied using cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT). After reconstructing axial, frontal, and sagittal slices, the region between the most anterior point on the mental foramen and the most anterior part of the mandibular nerve was inspected for signs of anterior loop presence...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708003/arntl-clock-and-per3-polymorphisms-links-with-chronotype-and-affective-dimensions
#18
Konrad S Jankowski, Monika Dmitrzak-Weglarz
Recently, seven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ARNTL, TIM and PER3 genes were found associated with affective temperaments in bipolar disorder patients. This study aimed to test whether a) the same associations appear in a non-clinical sample; b) the SNPs are related to other affective dimensions; c) the SNPs underpin the associations between chronotype and affective temperaments/dimensions. Three hundred thirty-eight university students completed the Temperament Scale of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Auto-questionnaire, the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, the General Health Questionnaire, the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire and the Composite Scale of Morningness...
July 14, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705374/-relevance-of-the-socioeconomic-and-health-context-in-patient-satisfaction
#19
Shirley Pérez-Romero, Juan J Gascón-Cánovas, Diego Salmerón-Martínez, Pedro Parra-Hidalgo, Olga Monteagudo-Piqueras
OBJECTIVE: To determine which factors of the socioeconomic and health contexts influence the perception of the satisfaction of the population with the health services. METHODS: The data come from the European Health Survey of 2009. In the 22,188 subjects surveyed, the relationship between the perception of satisfaction with the health services received and the individual and contextual variables was studied, applying a multilevel analysis. RESULTS: The factors of the socioeconomic and health contexts that influence satisfaction are: higher rates of low level of studies where the perception of excellence is less likely (odds ratio [OR]: 0...
July 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704928/dynamic-hippocampal-and-prefrontal-contributions-to-memory-processes-and-representations-blur-the-boundaries-of-traditional-cognitive-domains
#20
REVIEW
Rachael D Rubin, Hillary Schwarb, Heather D Lucas, Michael R Dulas, Neal J Cohen
The hippocampus has long been known to be a critical component of the memory system involved in the formation and use of long-term declarative memory. However, recent findings have revealed that the reach of hippocampal contributions extends to a variety of domains and tasks that require the flexible use of cognitive and social behavior, including domains traditionally linked to prefrontal cortex (PFC), such as decision-making. In addition, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) has gained traction as a necessary part of the memory system...
July 12, 2017: Brain Sciences
keyword
keyword
31010
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"