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Mental accounting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435753/does-hawai-i-have-enough-psychiatrists-assessing-mental-health-workforce-versus-demand-in-the-aloha-state
#1
Alexandra Aaronson, Kelley Withy
National data reports the number of adults with any diagnosable mental disorder within a given year is nearly 1 in 5. Hawai'i, along with the rest of the nation, faces a serious shortage of mental health providers. This article describes the research undertaken to create a more accurate assessment of the current mental health provider workforce in Hawai'i through developing an estimation strategy to appraise local mental health workforce needs. The results indicate the supply of psychiatrists for Hawai'i's 2010 census population was found to be 161...
March 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432297/high-probability-of-comorbidities-in-bronchial-asthma-in-germany
#2
S Heck, S Al-Shobash, D Rapp, D D Le, A Omlor, A Bekhit, M Flaig, B Al-Kadah, W Herian, R Bals, S Wagenpfeil, Q T Dinh
Clinical experience has shown that allergic and non-allergic respiratory, metabolic, mental, and cardiovascular disorders sometimes coexist with bronchial asthma. However, no study has been carried out that calculates the chance of manifestation of these disorders with bronchial asthma in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Using ICD10 diagnoses from health care institutions, the present study systematically analyzed the co-prevalence and odds ratios of comorbidities in the asthma population in Germany...
April 21, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431923/sources-of-racial-disparities-in-hiv-prevalence-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-atlanta-ga-usa-a-modelling-study
#3
Steven M Goodreau, Eli S Rosenberg, Samuel M Jenness, Nicole Luisi, Sarah E Stansfield, Gregorio A Millett, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: In the USA, men who have sex men (MSM) are at high risk for HIV, and black MSM have a substantially higher prevalence of infection than white MSM. We created a simulation model to assess the strength of existing hypotheses and data that account for these disparities. METHODS: We built a dynamic, stochastic, agent-based network model of black and white MSM aged 18-39 years in Atlanta, GA, USA, that incorporated race-specific individual and dyadic-level prevention and risk behaviours, network attributes, and care patterns...
April 18, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430114/urban-and-rural-differences-in-hypertension-risk-factors-in-turkey
#4
İlker Daştan, Ayşegül Erem, Volkan Çetinkaya
OBJECTIVE: Existing literature shows considerable regional differences in terms of hypertension (HT) prevalence in Turkey. The purpose of this study was to analyze some of the known HT risk factors contributing to the variations between urban and rural areas of Turkey in HT development. METHODS: We used data from the 2011 Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Survey that was conducted by the Turkish Ministry of Health on a representative sample of the Turkish adult population aged 20 years or more (n=16...
April 19, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426115/health-problems-of-newly-arrived-migrants-and-refugees-in-europe
#5
Dr Androula Pavli, Dr Helena Maltezou
Background.: The number of migrants and refugees in Europe in the past few years has increased dramatically due to war, violence or prosecutions in their homeland. Migration may affect physical, mental and social health. The objective of this article is to assess migrants and refugees' health problems, and to recommend appropriate interventions. Methods.: A PubMed search of published articles on health problems of newly arrived migrants and refugees was conducted from 2003 through 2016, focusing on the current refugee crisis in Europe...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424560/an-exploratory-study-of-host-polymorphisms-in-genes-that-clinically-characterize-breast-cancer-tumors-and-pretreatment-cognitive-performance-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
Theresa A Koleck, Catherine M Bender, Beth Z Clark, Christopher M Ryan, Puja Ghotkar, Adam Brufsky, Priscilla F McAuliffe, Priya Rastogi, Susan M Sereika, Yvette P Conley
PURPOSE: Inspired by the hypothesis that heterogeneity in the biology of breast cancers at the cellular level may account for cognitive dysfunction symptom variability in survivors, the current study explored relationships between host single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 25 breast cancer-related candidate genes (AURKA, BAG1, BCL2, BIRC5, CCNB1, CD68, CENPA, CMC2, CTSL2, DIAPH3, ERBB2, ESR1, GRB7, GSTM1, MELK, MKI67, MMP11, MYBL2, NDC80, ORC6, PGR, RACGAP1, RFC4, RRM2, and SCUBE2), identified from clinically relevant prognostic multigene-expression profiles for breast cancer, and pretreatment cognitive performance...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#7
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422805/a-randomized-pilot-study-comparing-ketamine-and-methohexital-anesthesia-for-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-patients-with-depression
#8
Shona L Ray-Griffith, Lou Ann Eads, Xiaotong Han, Kimberly Golden, Zachary N Stowe
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled pilot study examines the differences in response to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) as defined by an improvement of depressive symptoms between ketamine and methohexital as the primary anesthetic agent. Adverse effects and cognitive tolerability were also examined. METHODS: Subjects undergoing ECT for unipolar or bipolar depression were randomized to receive ketamine or methohexital as the anesthetic agent. Primary outcome measure includes the Hamilton rating scale for depression (17-item)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422454/childhood-maltreatment-and-adulthood-poor-sleep-quality-a-longitudinal-study
#9
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
BACKGROUND: Available evidence from cross-sectional studies suggests that childhood maltreatment may be associated with a range of sleep disorders. However, these studies have not controlled for potential individual, familial and environmental level confounders. AIM: To determine the association between childhood maltreatment and lower sleep quality, after adjusting for potential confounders. METHODS: Data for the present study are from a pre-birth cohort study of 3778 young adults (52...
April 19, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421238/the-impact-of-low-education-and-poor-health-on-unemployment-varies-by-work-life-stage
#10
Sander K R van Zon, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Carlos F Mendes de Leon, Ute Bültmann
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine associations and interactions of education, and physical and mental health with unemployment in early, mid, and late work life. METHODS: This cross-sectional study uses data from 69,118 respondents from Lifelines. Health status was measured with the RAND-36, education was self-reported, and participants working <12 h per week or indicating to be unemployed were considered unemployed. The relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) was calculated to measure interaction on the additive scale...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420409/assessing-the-status-of-iodine-deficiency-disorder-idd-and-associated-factors-in-wolaita-and-dawro-zones-school-adolescents-southern-ethiopia
#11
Shimelash Bitew Workie, Yemane Gebremariam Abebe, Amha Admasie Gelaye, Tefera Chane Mekonen
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is the major preventable cause of irreversible mental retardation in the world. Ethiopia is a country with high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders which continue to affect a large number of the country's population. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of iodine deficiency disorder in Wolaita and Dawuro zones. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in high school and preparatory students in Wolaita and Dawuro zones between April and May 2012...
April 18, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419914/longitudinal-changes-in-pubertal-maturation-and-white-matter-microstructure
#12
Megan M Herting, Robert Kim, Kristina A Uban, Eric Kan, Andrea Binley, Elizabeth R Sowell
Emerging evidence in the field of adolescent neurodevelopment suggests that pubertal processes may contribute to known trajectories of brain maturation, and may contribute, in part, to sex differences in related cognitive, behavioral and mental health outcomes. The current longitudinal study examined how changes in physical pubertal maturation (measured by the Peterson Developmental Scale) predict changes in white matter microstructure in 18 boys and 15 girls over an approximate 2-year follow-up period, while accounting for age...
March 30, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418836/perspectives-accountability-for-mental-health-the-australian-experience
#13
Sebastian Rosenberg, Luis Salvador-Carulla
BACKGROUND: Australia was one of the first countries to develop a national policy for mental health. A persistent characteristic of all these policies has been their reference to the importance of accountability. What does this mean exactly and have we achieved it? Can Australia tell if anybody is getting better? AIMS OF THE STUDY: To review accountability for mental health in Australia and question whether two decades of Australian rhetoric around accountability for mental health has been fulfilled...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418685/does-a-physical-activity-program-in-the-nursing-home-impact-on-depressive-symptoms-a-generalized-linear-mixed-model-approach
#14
Mona Diegelmann, Carl-Philipp Jansen, Hans-Werner Wahl, Oliver K Schilling, Eva-Luisa Schnabel, Klaus Hauer
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) may counteract depressive symptoms in nursing home (NH) residents considering biological, psychological, and person-environment transactional pathways. Empirical results, however, have remained inconsistent. Addressing potential shortcomings of previous research, we examined the effect of a whole-ecology PA intervention program on NH residents' depressive symptoms using generalized linear mixed-models (GLMMs). METHOD: We used longitudinal data from residents of two German NHs who were included without any pre-selection regarding physical and mental functioning (n = 163, Mage = 83...
April 18, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413687/what-we-have-changed-our-minds-about-part-1-borderline-personality-disorder-as-a-limitation-of-resilience
#15
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten, Elizabeth Allison, Chloe Campbell
This paper sets out a recent transition in our thinking in relation to psychopathology associated with personality disorder, in an approach that integrates our thinking about attachment, mentalizing (understanding ourselves and others in terms of intentional mental states) and epistemic trust (openness to the reception of social communication that is personally relevant and of generalizable significance) with recent findings on the structure of both adult and child psychopathology and resilience. In this paper - the first of two parts - we review evidence suggesting that a general psychopathology or p factor underlies vulnerability for psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408159/brain-mrs-glutamine-as-a-biomarker-to-guide-therapy-of-hyperammonemic-coma
#16
Anne H O'Donnell-Luria, Alexander P Lin, Sai K Merugumala, Frances Rohr, Susan E Waisbren, Rebecca Lynch, Vatche Tchekmedyian, Aaron D Goldberg, Andrew Bellinger, J Ricardo McFaline-Figueroa, Tracey Simon, Esteban F Gershanik, Bruce D Levy, David E Cohen, Martin A Samuels, Gerard T Berry, Natasha Y Frank
Acute idiopathic hyperammonemia in an adult patient is a life-threatening condition often resulting in a rapid progression to irreversible cerebral edema and death. While ammonia-scavenging therapies lower blood ammonia levels, in comparison, clearance of waste nitrogen from the brain may be delayed. Therefore, we used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) to monitor cerebral glutamine levels, the major reservoir of ammonia, in a gastric bypass patient with hyperammonemic coma undergoing therapy with N-carbamoyl glutamate and the ammonia-scavenging agents, sodium phenylacetate and sodium benzoate...
March 10, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408072/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-pregnant-u-s-women
#17
Katy B Kozhimannil, Amy J Graves, Robert Levy, Stephen W Patrick
OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical use of opioids during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for women and infants, making it a prominent target for prevention and identification. Using a nationally representative sample, we determined characteristics of U.S. pregnant women who reported prescription opioid misuse in the past year or during the past month. METHODS: We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014) in a retrospective analysis...
March 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407748/the-role-of-ethnicity-in-pathways-to-emergency-psychiatric-services-for-clients-with-psychosis
#18
Martin Rotenberg, Andrew Tuck, Rachel Ptashny, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: This study investigates the role of ethnicity in pathways to emergency mental health care in Toronto for clients with psychosis, while taking into account neighborhood factors. Previous literature has focused on Afro-Caribbean clients, reporting an increased risk of accessing mental health care through negative pathways. METHODS: A retrospective chart review for clients from 6 different ethnic origin groups presenting with psychosis - East Asian, South Asian, Black African, Black Caribbean, White European, and White North American - was undertaken in a psychiatric emergency department (ED)...
April 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406382/reading-what-the-mind-thinks-from-how-the-eye-sees
#19
Daniel H Lee, Adam K Anderson
Human eyes convey a remarkable variety of complex social and emotional information. However, it is unknown which physical eye features convey mental states and how that came about. In the current experiments, we tested the hypothesis that the receiver's perception of mental states is grounded in expressive eye appearance that serves an optical function for the sender. Specifically, opposing features of eye widening versus eye narrowing that regulate sensitivity versus discrimination not only conveyed their associated basic emotions (e...
April 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404614/cohort-profile-a-data-linkage-cohort-to-examine-health-service-profiles-of-people-with-intellectual-disability-in-new-south-wales-australia
#20
Simone Reppermund, Preeyaporn Srasuebkul, Theresa Heintze, Rebecca Reeve, Kimberlie Dean, Eric Emerson, David Coyne, Phillip Snoyman, Eileen Baldry, Leanne Dowse, Tracey Szanto, Grant Sara, Tony Florio, Julian N Trollor
PURPOSE: People with intellectual disability are a minority group who experience poorer physical and mental health than the general population and have difficulty accessing healthcare services. There is lack of knowledge about healthcare service needs and gaps experienced by people with intellectual disability. This study aims to interrogate a large linked administrative data set containing hospital admissions, presentations to emergency departments (ED) and mortality data to provide evidence to inform the development of improved health and mental health services for this population...
April 12, 2017: BMJ Open
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