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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933027/differences-of-perceived-image-generated-through-the-web-site-empirical-evidence-obtained-in-spanish-destinations
#1
Juan J Blazquez-Resino, Ana I Muro-Rodriguez, Israel R Perez-Jimenez
In this paper, a study of the perceived destination image created by promotional Web Pages is expounded in an attempt to identify their differences as generators of destination image in the consumers' mind. Specifically, it seeks to analyse whether the web sites of different Spanish regions improve the image that consumers have of the destination, identifying their main dimensions and analysing its effect on satisfaction and intentions of the future behavior of potential visitors. To achieve these objectives and verify the hypotheses, a laboratory experiment was performed, where it was determined what changes are produced in the tourist's previous image after browsing the tourist webs of three different regions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932885/health-behaviors-of-patients-diagnosed-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-their-influence-on-the-patients-satisfaction-with-life
#2
Anna Rosiek, Tomasz Kornatowski, Natalia Frąckowiak-Maciejewska, Aleksandra Rosiek-Kryszewska, Przemysław Wyżgowski, Krzysztof Leksowski
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) carries with it a number of changes to the patient's lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle, health and preventive behaviors, as well as healthy nutrition habits play a key role in treating T2DM as well as limiting its complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this study was the analysis of the correlation of T2DM patients' health behaviors and their influence on the patients' quality of life. The study was performed on a group of 50 patients from the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930294/understanding-the-nature-of-atmospheric-acid-processing-of-mineral-dusts-in-supplying-bioavailable-phosphorus-to-the-oceans
#3
Anthony Stockdale, Michael D Krom, Robert J G Mortimer, Liane G Benning, Kenneth S Carslaw, Ross J Herbert, Zongbo Shi, Stelios Myriokefalitakis, Maria Kanakidou, Athanasios Nenes
Acidification of airborne dust particles can dramatically increase the amount of bioavailable phosphorus (P) deposited on the surface ocean. Experiments were conducted to simulate atmospheric processes and determine the dissolution behavior of P compounds in dust and dust precursor soils. Acid dissolution occurs rapidly (seconds to minutes) and is controlled by the amount of H(+) ions present. For H(+) < 10(-4) mol/g of dust, 1-10% of the total P is dissolved, largely as a result of dissolution of surface-bound forms...
December 7, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928114/thorough-mastication-prior-to-swallowing-increases-postprandial-satiety-and-the-thermic-effect-of-a-meal-in-young-women
#4
Naho Komai, Naoko Motokubota, Maki Suzuki, Ikuyo Hayashi, Toshio Moritani, Narumi Nagai
There is evidence to support that mastication may contribute to the prevention of weight gain via reduction of appetite sensations and subsequent energy intake. However, the metabolic effect of mastication after consumption of a daily meal, composed of the staple food (rice), soup, main and side dishes, is limited. Therefore, the effect of thorough mastication on greater satiety and the thermic effect of a meal (TEM) was investigated in young women. In study 1, energy expenditure (EE) derived from masticatory muscle activity for 20 min was measured while chewing hard, tasteless, non-caloric gum in seven subjects...
2016: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927977/ppar-mrna-levels-are-modified-by-dietary-n-3-fatty-acid-restriction-and-energy-restriction-in-the-brain-and-liver-of-growing-rats
#5
Matthew J Picklo, LuAnn Johnson, Joseph Idso
BACKGROUND: Without dietary sources of n-3 (ω-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs), α-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3n-3) is the precursor for docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3). It is not known how energy restriction (ER) affects ALA conversion to DHA. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that ER reduces n-3 LCPUFA concentrations in tissues of growing rats fed diets replete with and deficient in ALA. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (23 d old) were provided AIN93G diets (4 wk) made with soybean oil (SO; ALA sufficient) or corn oil (CO; ALA deficient) providing 16% of energy as fat...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927584/tribally-affiliated-child-care-center-environment-and-obesogenic-behaviors-in-young-children
#6
Susan B Sisson, Julie Stoner, Ji Li, Lancer Stephens, Janis E Campbell, Karina R Lora, Sandra H Arnold, Diane Horm, Beth DeGrace
BACKGROUND: Child-care centers are an integral part of life for many families with young children. American Indian children are at elevated health risk because of higher levels of obesity and associated health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the child-care environment and children's physical activity (PA) and dietary intake in young children attending tribally affiliated child care. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study...
December 4, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926450/changing-health-behavior-motivation-from-i-must-to-i-want
#7
S Knecht, P Kenning
In the past, medicine was dominated by acute diseases. Since treatments were unknown to patients they followed their medical doctors´ directives-at least for the duration of the disease. Behavior was thus largely motivated by avoiding expected costs associated with alternative behaviors (I-must). The health challenges prevailing today are chronic conditions resulting from the way we chose to live. Traditional directive communication has not been successful in eliciting and maintaining appropriate lifestyle changes...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925280/association-between-overall-rate-of-change-in-rising-breath-alcohol-concentration-and-the-magnitude-of-acute-tolerance-of-subjective-intoxication-via-the-mellanby-method
#8
David H Morris, Michael T Amlung, Chia-Lin Tsai, Denis M McCarthy
OBJECTIVE: The magnitude of acute tolerance is a strong predictor of the development of longer-term chronic tolerance and plays a decisive role in risky decisions (e.g., driving after drinking). Therefore, it is important to identify factors that increase the magnitude of this adaptive process. This study explored whether acute tolerance magnitude varied as a function of the overall rate of increase in breath alcohol concentration (BrAC). METHODS: Twenty-nine young adult social drinkers (M age = 22...
December 7, 2016: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923972/lifestyle-behaviors-subjective-health-and-quality-of-life-among-chinese-men-living-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Sanni Yaya, Zhifei He, Zhanchun Feng
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between self-reported health (SRH) and quality of life (QoL) with five lifestyle-related behaviors including tobacco smoking, drinking alcohol, physical activity status, consumption of fruits, and consumption of vegetables among men diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Participants were 786 Chinese men older than 40 years and living in urban households. Cross-sectional data on self-rated health, associated sociodemographics, and health-related behaviors were collected from the Study on Global AGEing and Health (Wave 1) of World Health Organization...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923240/-a-screening-tool-for-three-dimensions-of-work-related-behavior-and-experience-patterns-in-the-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-a-proposal-for-a-short-form-of-the-occupational-stress-and-coping-inventory-avem-3d
#10
V Beierlein, V Köllner, R Neu, H Schulz
Objectives: The assessment of work pressures is of particular importance in psychosomatic rehabilitation. An established questionnaire is the Occupational Stress and Coping Inventory (German abbr. AVEM), but it is quite long and with regard to scoring time-consuming in routine clinical care. It should therefore be tested, whether a shortened version of the AVEM can be developed, which is able to assess the formerly described three second-order factors of the AVEM, namely Working Commitment, Resilience, and Emotions, sufficiently reliable and valid, and which also may be used for screening of patients with prominent work-related behavior and experience patterns...
December 2016: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920962/recommendations-for-detecting-and-addressing-barriers-to-successful-supervision
#11
Tyra P Sellers, Linda A LeBlanc, Amber L Valentino
Behavior analysts who supervise staff are responsible for establishing a healthy supervisory relationship and for teaching basic behavior analytic skills (e.g., verbal repertoires, technical repertoires, clinical decision-making). In addition, supervisors should prepare their supervisees to succeed in their subsequent professional activities by developing their interpersonal skills and professionalism repertoires. Difficulties in the supervisor relationship and problematic personal and professional skills often become the focus of targeted supervision efforts after the effects of deficits (e...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920961/taking-full-responsibility-the-ethics-of-supervision-in-behavior-analytic-practice
#12
Tyra P Sellers, Shahla Alai-Rosales, Rebecca P F MacDonald
The supervision of professionals in the field of behavior analysis is multifaceted. The BACB® Professional and Ethical Compliance Code for Behavior Analysis provides guidance for effective supervisory practices, as supervision impacts both the supervisee and the consumers. The purpose of this article is (1) to discuss rationales and consequences relative to supervision issues, (2) to provide directions for professional development in each of the seven identified supervisory areas within the code, and (3) to set the occasion for critical discourse relative to supervision...
December 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914226/drinking-motives-and-alcohol-outcome-expectancies-as-mediators-of-the-association-between-negative-urgency-and-alcohol-consumption
#13
Amber M Anthenien, Jordanna Lembo, Clayton Neighbors
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the effects of negative urgency, a unique facet of impulsivity marked by engaging in potentially unhealthy and rash behaviors in order to cope with anxiety or negative moods, on drinking behavior can be explained by positive and negative alcohol outcome expectancies and specific drinking motives (i.e., coping and enhancement). METHODS: College students (N=194) completed web-based surveys in exchange for course credit. Students completed measures of negative urgency, comprehensive effects of alcohol, drinking motives, and alcohol use behaviors...
November 15, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913809/a-minimal-contact-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention-for-white-collar-workers
#14
Kimberlee A Gretebeck, Tatiana Bailey, Randall J Gretebeck
Minimal contact lifestyle interventions with multiple components coupled with health screening have the potential to improve worker health. The purpose of this study was to test a minimal contact multiple component lifestyle diet and exercise intervention. The multiple components that were included in this project included a worksite health screening, brief counseling session, emailed newsletter, and a pedometer. In response to the intervention, participants reported an increase in green salad, fruit, and vegetable consumption as well as an increase in self-efficacy for consuming three servings of fruits and vegetables a day...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912006/cascading-effects-of-predation-risk-determine-how-marine-predators-become-terrestrial-prey-on-an-oceanic-island
#15
Sarah K Thomsen, David J Green
Apex predators can suppress the foraging activity of mesopredators, which may then result in cascading benefits for the prey of those mesopredators. We studied the interactions between a top predator, the Barn Owl (Tyto alba), and their primary prey, an island endemic deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus elusus), which in turn consumes the eggs of seabirds nesting on Santa Barbara Island in California. Scripps's Murrelets (Synthliboramphus scrippsi), a threatened nocturnal seabird, arrive annually to breed on this island, and whose first egg is particularly vulnerable to predation by mice...
December 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911941/copper-oxide-nanoparticles-impact-several-toxicological-endpoints-and-cause-neurodegeneration-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#16
Michael J Mashock, Tyler Zanon, Anthony D Kappell, Lisa N Petrella, Erik C Andersen, Krassimira R Hristova
Engineered nanoparticles are becoming increasingly incorporated into technology and consumer products. In 2014, over 300 tons of copper oxide nanoparticles were manufactured in the United States. The increased production of nanoparticles raises concerns regarding the potential introduction into the environment or human exposure. Copper oxide nanoparticles commonly release copper ions into solutions, which contribute to their toxicity. We quantified the inhibitory effects of both copper oxide nanoparticles and copper sulfate on C...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909562/educating-restaurant-owners-and-cooks-to-lower-their-own-sodium-intake-is-a-potential-strategy-for-reducing-the-sodium-contents-of-restaurant-foods-a-small-scale-pilot-study-in-south-korea
#17
Sohyun Park, Heeseung Lee, Dong-Il Seo, Kwang-Hwan Oh, Taik Gun Hwang, Bo Youl Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of a sodium reduction program at local restaurants through nutrition education and examination of the health of restaurant owners and cooks. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study was a single-arm pilot intervention using a pre-post design in one business district with densely populated restaurants in Seoul, South Korea. The intervention focused on improving nutrition behaviors and psychosocial factors through education, health examination, and counseling of restaurant personnel...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909418/risk-and-ambiguity-in-information-seeking-eye-gaze-patterns-reveal-contextual-behavior-in-dealing-with-uncertainty
#18
Peter Wittek, Ying-Hsang Liu, Sándor Darányi, Tom Gedeon, Ik Soo Lim
Information foraging connects optimal foraging theory in ecology with how humans search for information. The theory suggests that, following an information scent, the information seeker must optimize the tradeoff between exploration by repeated steps in the search space vs. exploitation, using the resources encountered. We conjecture that this tradeoff characterizes how a user deals with uncertainty and its two aspects, risk and ambiguity in economic theory. Risk is related to the perceived quality of the actually visited patch of information, and can be reduced by exploiting and understanding the patch to a better extent...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908844/quittr-the-design-of-a-video-game-to-support-smoking-cessation
#19
Ivan Bindoff, Kristy de Salas, Gregory Peterson, Tristan Ling, Ian Lewis, Lindsay Wells, Peter Gee, Stuart G Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Smoking is recognized as the largest, single, preventable cause of death and disease in the developed world. While the majority of smokers report wanting to quit, and many try each year, smokers find it difficult to maintain long-term abstinence. Behavioral support, such as education, advice, goal-setting, and encouragement, is known to be beneficial in improving the likelihood of succeeding in a quit attempt, but it remains difficult to effectively deliver this behavioral support and keep the patient engaged with the process for a sufficient duration...
December 1, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908524/genetic-correlation-between-alcohol-preference-and-conditioned-fear-exploring-a-functional-relationship
#20
Julia A Chester, Marcus M Weera
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol-use disorders have a high rate of co-occurrence, possibly because they are regulated by common genes. In support of this idea, mice selectively bred for high (HAP) alcohol preference show greater fear potentiated startle (FPS), a model for fear-related disorders such as PTSD, compared to mice selectively bred for low (LAP) alcohol preference. This positive genetic correlation between alcohol preference and FPS behavior suggests that the two traits may be functionally related...
November 23, 2016: Alcohol
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