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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677675/nitrogen-use-efficiency-and-crop-production-patterns-of-regional-variation-in-the-united-states-1987-2012
#1
Dennis P Swaney, Robert W Howarth, Bongghi Hong
National-level summaries of crop production and nutrient use efficiency, important for international comparisons, only partially elucidate agricultural dynamics within a country. Agricultural production and associated environmental impacts in large countries vary significantly because of regional differences in crops, climate, resource use and production practices. Here, we review patterns of regional crop production, nitrogen use efficiency (NUE), and major inputs of nitrogen to US crops over 1987-2012, based on the Farm Resource Regions developed by the Economic Research Service (USDA-ERS)...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677647/arsenic-effects-on-some-photophysical-parameters-of-cichorium-intybus-under-different-radiation-and-water-irrigation-regimes
#2
Gabriela Cordon, Analia Iriel, Alicia Fernández Cirelli, M Gabriela Lagorio
The presence of arsenic (As) in groundwater is a major problem in several parts of Latin America. In the present work, non-destructive approaches to monitor the effects of As on plants of Cichorium intybus, an herbaceous Asteraceae, were explored. In this sense, the effects of As at different levels of water and radiation were evaluated on these crops. Plants were grown in a greenhouse, watered daily with As solutions and exposed to different water and/or light conditions for four months, using a three-factor (As, water, radiation) and two-level resource (As vs non As, field capacity vs half-field capacity condition, light vs shade condition) factorial design...
April 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677619/associations-of-early-childhood-adversities-with-mental-disorders-psychological-functioning-and-suitability-for-psychotherapy-in-adulthood
#3
Erkki Heinonen, Paul Knekt, Tommi Härkänen, Esa Virtala, Olavi Lindfors
Childhood adversities frequently precede adulthood depression and anxiety. Yet, how they impact needed treatment duration, type or focus in these common disorders, is unclear. For developing more individualized and precise interventions, we investigated whether specific early adversities associate with patients' distinct psychiatric problems, psychological vulnerabilities, and suitability for psychotherapy. A total of 221 depressed and anxious adult outpatients (excluding psychotic, severe personality, bipolar, and substance abuse disorders) referred from community, student, occupational, and private healthcare services filled the Childhood Family Atmosphere Questionnaire (CFAQ)...
April 4, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677604/the-association-between-unemployment-and-depression-results-from-the-population-based-life-adult-study
#4
Andrea E Zuelke, Tobias Luck, Matthias L Schroeter, A Veronica Witte, Andreas Hinz, Christoph Engel, Cornelia Enzenbach, Silke Zachariae, Markus Loeffler, Joachim Thiery, Arno Villringer, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Unemployment is a risk factor for impaired mental health. Based on a large population-based sample, in this study we therefore sought to provide detailed information on the association between unemployment and depression including information on (i) differences between men and women, (ii) differences between different types of unemployment, and (iii) on the impact of material and social resources on the association. METHODS: We studied 4,842 participants (18-65 years) of the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677524/effectiveness-of-community-based-depression-intervention-programme-comdip-to-manage-women-with-depression-in-primary-care-randomised-control-trial
#5
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, K A Kumar, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of Community based Depression Intervention Programme (ComDIP), newly developed by us, to reduce severity of depression in women, compared to the treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: An RCT (Trial registration Number: CTRI/2011/08/001978, Clinical Trials Registry -India) was conducted in a primary care setting in Trivandrum, Kerala, South India...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677410/mapping-drug-overdose-demographic-and-socioeconomic-characteristics-in-the-community
#6
Brenda L Rooney, Mitchell T Voter, Christopher M Eberlein, Andrea J Schossow, Cathy L Fischer
INTRODUCTION: Drug use and drug overdose have increased at an alarming rate. OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic and neighborhood social and economic factors associated with higher risk of overdose. These findings can be used to inform development of community programs and appropriately devote resources to prevent and treat drug abuse. METHODS: The electronic health records of all patients seen in the emergency department or admitted to the hospital for a drug overdose in 2016 at Gundersen Health System in La Crosse, Wisconsin, were reviewed retrospectively...
March 2018: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677399/outcomes-of-cryptococcosis-in-renal-transplant-recipients-in-a-less-resourced-health-care-system
#7
Vinicius Ponzio, Luis F A Camargo, José O Medina-Pestana, John R Perfect, Arnaldo L Colombo
BACKGROUND: Cryptococcosis is the second most common cause of invasive fungal infections in renal transplant recipients in many countries, and data on graft outcome after treatment for this infection is lacking in less-resourced health care settings. METHODS: Data from 47 renal transplant recipients were retrospectively collected at a single institution during a period of 13 years. Graft dysfunction, graft loss and mortality rates were evaluated. Predictors of mortality and graft loss were estimated...
April 20, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677319/focusing-and-orienting-spatial-attention-differently-modulate-crowding-in-central-and-peripheral-vision
#8
Andrea Albonico, Marialuisa Martelli, Emanuela Bricolo, Eleonora Frasson, Roberta Daini
The allocation of attentional resources to a particular location or object in space involves two distinct processes: an orienting process and a focusing process. Indeed, it has been demonstrated that performance of different visual tasks can be improved when a cue, such as a dot, anticipates the position of the target (orienting), or when its dimensions (as in the case of a small square) inform about the size of the attentional window (focusing). Here, we examine the role of these two components of visuo-spatial attention (orienting and focusing) in modulating crowding in peripheral (Experiment 1 and Experiment 3a) and foveal (Experiment 2 and Experiment 3b) vision...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677126/patient-education-on-oral-anticoagulation
#9
Emily M Hawes
Given the potential harm associated with anticoagulant use, patient education is often provided as a standard of care and emphasized across healthcare settings. Effective anticoagulation education involves face-to-face interaction with a trained professional who ensures that the patient understands the risks involved, the precautions that should be taken, and the need for regular monitoring. The teaching should be tailored to each patient, accompanied with written resources and utilize the teach-back method...
April 20, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677122/applications-of-the-fiv-model-to-study-hiv-pathogenesis
#10
REVIEW
Craig Miller, Zaid Abdo, Aaron Ericsson, John Elder, Sue VandeWoude
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a naturally-occurring retrovirus that infects domestic and non-domestic feline species, producing progressive immune depletion that results in an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Much has been learned about FIV since it was first described in 1987, particularly in regard to its application as a model to study the closely related lentivirus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In particular, FIV and HIV share remarkable structure and sequence organization, utilize parallel modes of receptor-mediated entry, and result in a similar spectrum of immunodeficiency-related diseases due to analogous modes of immune dysfunction...
April 20, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677082/artificial-intelligence-can-predict-daily-trauma-volume-and-average-acuity
#11
David P Stonko, Bradley M Dennis, Richard D Betzold, Allan B Peetz, Oliver L Gunter, Oscar D Guillamondegui
INTRODUCTION: The goal of this study was to integrate temporal and weather data in order to create an artificial neural network (ANN) to predict trauma volume, the number of emergent operative cases, and average daily acuity at a level 1 trauma center. METHODS: Trauma admission data from TRACS and weather data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was collected for all adult trauma patients from July 2013-June 2016. The ANN was constructed using temporal (time, day of week), and weather factors (daily high, active precipitation) to predict four points of daily trauma activity: number of traumas, number of penetrating traumas, average ISS, and number of immediate OR cases per day...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677081/changes-in-pediatric-heart-transplant-hospitalization-costs-over-time
#12
Justin Godown, Cary Thurm, Matt Hall, Jonathan H Soslow, Brian Feingold, Bret A Mettler, Andrew H Smith, David W Bearl, Debra A Dodd
BACKGROUND: Despite significant changes in the past decade for children undergoing heart-transplantation, including the evolution of mechanical circulatory support and increasing patient complexity, costs and resource utilization have not been reassessed. We sought to utilize a novel linkage of clinical-registry and administrative data to examine changes in hospitalization costs over time in this population. METHODS: We identified all pediatric heart transplant recipients in a unique linked PHIS/SRTR dataset (2002-2016)...
April 19, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676930/high-value-bioproducts-from-microalgae-strategies-and-progress
#13
Ming-Hua Liang, Jianhua Zhu, Jian-Guo Jiang
Microalgae have been considered as alternative sustainable resources for high-value bioproducts such as lipids (especially triacylglycerides [TAGs]), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), and carotenoids, due to their relatively high photosynthetic efficiency, no arable land requirement, and ease of scale-up. It is of great significance to exploit microalgae for the production of high-value bioproducts. How to improve the content or productivity of specific bioproducts has become one of the most urgent challenges...
April 20, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676861/spatial-processes-decouple-management-from-objectives-in-a-heterogeneous-landscape-predator-control-as-a-case-study
#14
Peter J Mahoney, Julie K Young, Kent R Hersey, Randy T Larsen, Brock R McMillan, David C Stoner
Predator control is often implemented with the intent of disrupting top-down regulation in sensitive prey populations. However, ambiguity surrounding the efficacy of predator management, as well as the strength of top-down effects of predators in general, is often exacerbated by the spatially implicit analytical approaches used in assessing data with explicit spatial structure. Here, we highlight the importance of considering spatial context in the case of a predator control study in south-central Utah. We assessed the spatial match between aerial removal risk in coyotes (Canis latrans) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) resource selection during parturition using a spatially explicit, multi-level Bayesian model...
April 2018: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676787/turning-high-risk-individuals-an-economic-evaluation-of-repositioning-frequency-in-long-term-care
#15
Petros Pechlivanoglou, Mike Paulden, Ba' Pham, Josephine Wong, Susan D Horn, Murray Krahn
Recent evidence suggests that less frequent repositioning of long-term care residents at moderate to high risk of developing pressure ulcers (PrUs) is noninferior to current repositioning standards in preventing PrUs, but the long-term health and economic consequences of less frequent repositioning have not been adequately estimated. Our objective was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of different repositioning strategies (2-, 3-, 4-hour intervals). We conducted a cost-utility analysis using a lifetime horizon based on data from a randomized clinical trial and the literature...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676748/study-on-bubble-column-humidification-and-dehumidification-system-for-coal-mine-wastewater-treatment
#16
Penghui Gao, Meng Zhang, Yuji Du, Bo Cheng, Donghai Zhang
Water is important resource for human survival and development. Coal mine wastewater (CMW) is a byproduct of the process of coal mining, which is about 7.0 × 1010 m3 in China in 2016. Considering coal mine wastewater includes different ingredients, a new bubble column humidification and dehumidification system is proposed for CMW treatment. The system is mainly composed of a bubble column humidification and dehumidification unit, solar collector, fan and water tank, in which air is used as a circulating medium...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676741/diurnal-variations-of-the-energy-intensity-and-associated-greenhouse-gas-emissions-for-activated-sludge-processes
#17
Nasir Emami, Reza Sobhani, Diego Rosso
A model was developed for a water resources recovery facility (WRRF) activated sludge process (ASP) in Modified Ludzack-Ettinger (MLE) configuration. Amplification of air requirements and its associated energy consumptions were observed as a result of concurrent circadian variations in ASP influent flow and carbonaceous/nitrogenous constituent concentrations. The indirect carbon emissions associated with the ASP aeration were further amplified due to the simultaneous variations in carbon emissions intensity (kgCO2,eq (kWh)-1 ) and electricity consumption (kWh)...
April 2018: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676709/-consult-online-digital-resource-for-tropical-doctors
#18
E P Baerends, W W E Nolet
Consult Online is a Dutch telemedicine system for physicians who work in international healthcare and tropical medicine (formerly known as 'tropical doctors'). It provides specialist advice for complicated cases where local specialist services are lacking. Eighty-nine experts from 25 different specialties are available for advice via www.troie.nl/consult-online. Most of these experts have worked in low resource settings for years before becoming specialists in other disciplines. Since its inception in 2008, Consult Online has received 639 consultations from 41 different countries...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676677/lessons-learnt-about-conducting-a-multilingual-nutrition-survey-in-switzerland-results-from-menuch-pilot-survey
#19
Angeline Chatelan, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Sabine Bucher, Stefan Siegenthaler, Nathalie Metzger, Christine Anne Zuberbühler, Esther Camenzind-Frey, Andrea Reggli, Murielle Bochud, Sigrid Beer-Borst
This paper informs about the implementation of the first trilingual Swiss nutrition pilot survey and lessons learnt in terms of recruitment, participation, data collection feasibility, and data management. The population-based cross-sectional nutrition pilot survey took place between June and November 2013. Six trained dietitians interviewed 276 adults aged 18-75 years residing in the cantons of Bern (German), Vaud (French) or Ticino (Italian). Food consumption was assessed with two non-consecutive computer-assisted 24-Hour Dietary Recalls (24HDR), applying a trilingual version of GloboDiet® adapted to specific requirements of Switzerland...
April 20, 2018: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676509/reproductive-success-of-a-keystone-herbivore-is-more-variable-and-responsive-to-climate-in-habitats-with-lower-resource-diversity
#20
David T Iles, Robert F Rockwell, David N Koons
1.The effects of climate on wild populations are often channeled through species interactions. Population responses to climate variation can therefore differ across habitats, owing to variation in the biotic community. Theory predicts that consumer demography should be less variable and less responsive to climate in habitats with greater resource diversity. 2.We tested these predictions using a long-term study of breeding lesser snow geese along the western coast of Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada. Reproductive success was measured in 22 years from 114 locations, in either coastal or inland habitat types...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
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