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subglottic stenosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923418/laryngomalacia-in-patients-with-craniosynostosis
#1
Fasil Mathews, Amber D Shaffer, Matthew W Georg, Matthew D Ford, Noel Jabbour, Jeffrey P Simons
OBJECTIVE: To characterize differences in the clinical presentation and treatment outcomes of laryngomalacia in patients with and without craniosynostosis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed comparing all patients with concomitant laryngomalacia and craniosynostosis seen at a tertiary care children's hospital between 2000 and 2016 with a control group of patients with isolated laryngomalacia. Thirty-two patients with craniosynostosis (59% male) and 68 control patients (56% male) were included...
June 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921083/-wegner-s-granulomatosis-of-hypolarynx-in-a-patient-with-laryngemphraxis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#2
L L Shi, H T Zhen
Summary A patient suffered from progressive dyspnea and even laryngeal obstruction visited our department in May, 2017 and received emergency tracheotomy for assistance in breathing. There was no dysphagia, sore throat, fever, cough, hemoptysis and hematuresis. The pathological signs including facies dolorosa, three depressions sign, perforation of nasal septum. The laboratory examination showed that there were hematuresis and albuminuria. The urine bilirubin levels were elevated, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) was positive and antiproteinase 3 antibody was elevated...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891418/frequency-treatment-evolution-and-factors-associated-with-the-presence-of-tracheobronchial-stenoses-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-retrospective-analysis-of-a-case-series-from-a-single-respiratory-referral-center
#3
Erika Marroquín-Fabián, Natllely Ruiz, Jorge Mena-Zúñiga, Luis Felipe Flores-Suárez
OBJECTIVES: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis-a primary systemic vasculitis-most frequent manifestations are respiratory. Airway disease can present with stenosis, and although subglottic stenosis (SGS) is well described, narrowing distal to the glottis has been more recently the focus of reporting. Our objectives, therefore, are to describe the frequency, characteristics, and treatment of tracheobronchial stenoses (TBS) in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) at our institution, a national referral center for respiratory diseases...
May 16, 2018: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868866/a-modified-technique-to-simplify-external-fixation-of-the-subglottic-silicone-stent
#4
Claudio Andreetti, Cecilia Menna, Antonio D'Andrilli, Mohsen Ibrahim, Federico Venuta, Mario Santini, Erino Angelo Rendina, Alfonso Fiorelli
Several techniques have been previously proposed to fix silicone stents for subglottic tracheal stenosis. However, they require special tools or cumbersome manoeuvres. The proposed modified procedure offers a potential alternative fixing technique using absorbable suture buried subcutaneously and not requiring special devices. This procedure was successfully performed in 27 patients with inoperable complex subglottic stenosis. The mean distance from vocal folds, the mean length and mean diameter of stenosis were 17 ± 2 mm, 20 ± 2...
June 2, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862662/risk-factor-analysis-for-mortality-among-infants-requiring-tracheostomy
#5
Abigail R Strang, Jenna W Briddell, Patrick C Barth, Udayan K Shah, Aaron Chidekel
INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of tracheostomies are performed in infants with complex comorbidities including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and congenital heart disease (CHD). With this shift in indications, there is an urgent need to characterize outcomes in this population. METHODS: This 5-year retrospective chart review assessed rates of 12-month mortality in infants who were ≤12 months of age at the time of tracheostomy at a tertiary care pediatric hospital and risk factors associated with death...
June 3, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861210/flexible-bronchoscopic-findings-and-the-relationship-to-repeated-extubation-failure-in-critical-children
#6
Yu-Ting Lin, Yu-Sheng Lee, Mei-Jy Jeng, Wei-Yu Chen, Pei-Chen Tsao, I-Ching Chan, Wen-Jue Soong
BACKGROUND: Extubation failure (EF) in acute pediatric cases causes high morbidity and prolonged hospitalization, some of which might encounter EF repeatedly. This study aims to investigate flexible bronchoscopic findings of airway problems associated with repeated EF (REF) in children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of intubated children from 2005 to 2013 and enrolled those with EF (reintubated within 48 h after extubation) and receiving flexible bronchoscopy (FB) examinations...
May 31, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808149/multimodality-surgical-approach-in-management-of-laryngotracheal-stenosis
#7
Ashfaque Ansari, Annju Thomas
Introduction: Postintubation laryngotracheal stenosis requires a precise diagnosis and an experienced operator in both endoscopic and surgical treatment. This report presents surgically treated cases of laryngotracheal stenosis secondary to long-term intubation/tracheostomy with review of the literature. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, we present 5 cases (a 23-year-old male, 13-year-old male, 22-year-old male, 19-year-old male, and 33-year-old female) of postintubation/tracheostomy laryngotracheal (glottic/subglottic) stenosis in the years 2016 and 2017...
2018: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801771/subglottic-stenosis
#8
Katherine Hanlon, R Paul Boesch, Ian Jacobs
Subglottic stenosis refers to narrowing of the airway diameter below the vocal folds and may be congenital or acquired. Typical signs and symptoms range from recurrent croup and exertional stridor to complete airflow obstruction requiring tracheotomy. Management of moderate and severe subglottic stenosis often requires intricate surgical techniques. To optimize the success of these surgeries, a thorough assessment of the child's airway, lungs, reflux, and swallow needs to be evaluated. In order to provide concerted and coordinated care between typically otolaryngology (ENT), pulmonary, gastroenterology (GI), speech, swallow and language pathologists (SLP), "aerodigestive" teams have been developed and increasing in prevalence at children's medical hospitals...
April 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798181/-coblation-and-silicon-stent-implantation-for-recurrent-laryngeal-papilloma-with-extensive-lesions
#9
D H Chen, H L Zheng, C Y Zhang, M Li, F Liu, M H Zhu, S C Chen
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and long-term outcome of radiofrequency coblation combined with silicon stent implantation in the treatment of recurrent laryngeal papilloma with extensive lesions. Method: From March 2009 to April 2016, a total of 13 patients (8 males, 5 females; aged 28-67 years) who suffered recurrent laryngeal papilloma were enrolled in this retrospective study. All the cases had undergone at least one operation at other hospitals before this hospitalization. The recurrence interval (RI) of these cases ranged from 2 to 6 months...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792830/subglottic-resections-how-i-teach-it
#10
EDITORIAL
Konrad Hoetzenecker, Walter Klepetko
Surgical treatment of stenosis of the laryngotracheal junction can be challenging. Success is not only measured by the patency of the airway but also by preservation of the full functional capacity of the larynx. This unique feature of subglottic resections requires a close cooperation with speech-language pathologists and ENT specialists.
May 21, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756352/outcomes-after-cricotracheal-resection-for-idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis
#11
Patrick S Carpenter, Jenny L Pierce, Marshall E Smith
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic subglottic stenosis (iSGS) is a rare disease in which patients develop airway narrowing and dyspnea from relapsing subglottic and tracheal granulation and scar tissue that narrows the airway. Definitive management has involved surgical resection and reconstruction of the subglottis and trachea. However, treatment options remain highly variable at different institutions. Here, we present our outcomes and experience after cricotracheal resection (CTR) for iSGS at a high-volume tertiary care center...
May 14, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745876/the-presence-of-staphylococcal-superantigens-in-nasal-swabs-and-correlation-with-activity-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-in-own-material
#12
Justyna Fijołek, Elzbieta Wiatr, Violetta Petroniec, Ewa Augustynowicz-Kopec, Michal Bednarek, Dariusz Gawryluk, Magdalena Maria Martusewicz-Boros, Katarzyna Modrzewska, Elzbieta Radzikowska, Kazimerz Roszkowski-Sliz
OBJECTIVES: Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus and its superantigens (SAg) seem to be a risk factor disease exacerbation in granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). We investigated the association between the presence of SAg in nasal swabs and activity of disease in GPA patients also taking into account correlation with an antimicrobial treatment. METHODS: In a prospective study of a total of 150 GPA patients hospitalised in the period 2009-2016, nasal swabs were examined for the presence of Staphylococcus aureus and SAg...
March 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743805/outcomes-after-endoscopic-dilation-of-laryngotracheal-stenosis-an-analysis-of-acs-nsqip
#13
Avni Bavishi, Emily Boss, Rahul K Shah, Jennifer Lavin
Importance: Endoscopic management of pediatric subglottic stenosis (SGS) is common, however no multi-institutional studies have assessed its perioperative outcomes. The American College of Surgeon's National Surgical Quality Improvement Program - Pediatric (ACS-NSQIP-P) represents a source of such data. Design: Current procedural terminology (CPT) codes were queried for endoscopic or open airway reconstruction in the ACS-NSQIP-P Public Use File (PUF). Demographics and 30-day events were abstracted to compare open to endoscopic techniques and to assess for risk factors for varied outcomes after endoscopic dilation...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management: JCOM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742573/cervical-tracheal-resection-and-anastomosis-for-postintubation-tracheal-stenosis
#14
Muzaffer Kanlikama, Fatih Celenk, Burhanettin Gonuldas, Secaattin Gulsen
In this study the authors evaluated the outcomes of tracheal resection and anastomosis in postintubation tracheal stenosis. The authors also aimed to identify clinical and radiological factors associated with restenosis. Thirty-four consecutive patients were included in the study. Patients with subglottic stenosis who underwent procedures involving cricoid cartilage and patients with other etiologies were excluded from the study. Univariate analysis was performed to determine the risk factors for restenosis...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732908/airway-anomalies-in-patients-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-a-5-year-review
#15
Joel W Jones, Meghan Tracy, Mollie Perryman, Jill M Arganbright
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the frequency of airway anomalies in patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS). METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with 22q11DS who had undergone microlaryngoscopy/bronchoscopy (MLB) for aerodigestive symptoms at a tertiary care children's hospital from 2011 to 2016. RESULTS: Thirty patients underwent an MLB due to the following indications: aspiration (11), stridor (10), chronic respiratory failure due to ventilator dependence (8), and difficult intubation (1)...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728175/congenital-and-iatrogenic-laryngeal-and-vocal-abnormalities-in-patients-with-22q11-2-deletion
#16
Bridget Ebert, James Sidman, Noelle Morrell, Brianne Barnett Roby
BACKGROUND: Voice abnormalities often go unrecognized in patients with 22q11.2 deletion because speech abnormalities become the focus of evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To analyze voice and vocal fold abnormalities in patients with 22q11.2 deletion by examining voice, not speech. METHODS: This is a case series with chart review from 2009 to 2016. Records of both a velocardiofacial syndrome (VCF) clinic and pediatric otolaryngology clinic at a tertiary pediatric hospital were reviewed...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722877/rituximab-for-induction-and-maintenance-therapy-of-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-a-single-centre-cohort-study-on-114-patients
#17
Xavier Puéchal, Michele Iudici, Ana Luisa Calich, Alexandre Vivot, Benjamin Terrier, Alexis Régent, Pascal Cohen, Claire Le Jeunne, Luc Mouthon, Philippe Ravaud, Loïc Guillevin
Objectives: To assess efficacy and safety of rituximab (RTX) induction and maintenance therapy for granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) in a single-centre cohort study. Methods: All patients with active GPA, not enrolled in trials, who received ⩾1 RTX infusion(s) for induction were included. At remission, protocolized maintenance RTX infusions were given every 6 months for 18 months. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to estimate survival rates. Univariable analyses identified factors associated with remission failure and relapse, and Cox models retained independent predictors of relapse...
May 2, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717916/risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-acquired-airway-disease-after-congenital-heart-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Andrew J Matisoff, Pranathi Ari, David Zurakowski, Alexandra G Espinel, Nina Deutsch, Brian K Reilly
OBJECTIVE: In this single-center, retrospective review, we sought to determine the risk factors associated with the development of severe acquired airway disease (AAD; vocal cord paralysis [VCP] or subglottic stenosis [SGS]) in pediatric patients who had undergone surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) with cardiopulmonary bypass. All patients who required surgical treatment for CHD using cardiopulmonary bypass at our institution between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed. We defined severe AAD as either clinically significant VCP, SGS, or both, requiring consultation with the otolaryngology (ENT) service for evaluation...
April 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707509/idiopathic-subglottic-stenosis-techniques-and-results
#19
REVIEW
Andrea L Axtell, Douglas J Mathisen
Idiopathic subglottic stenosis is a rare condition of unknown etiology characterized by circumferential stenosis in the subglottic larynx and upper trachea. Historically, patients were treated with dilation or ablation, however this approach has proven to be largely palliative and often leads to recurrence and the need for tracheostomy. A single-staged laryngotracheal resection and reconstruction is now the preferred definitive treatment for idiopathic subglottic stenosis and can be performed with excellent patient outcomes and rare subsequent progression of the disease...
March 2018: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657878/a-clinical-threat-in-patients-with-granulomatosis-polyangiitis-in-remission-subglottic-stenosis
#20
Yunus Ugan, Atalay Doğru, Giray Aynalı, Mehmet Şahin, Şevket Ercan Tunç
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a systemic necrotizing granulomatous disease that involves small- and medium-sized arteries and affects the main respiratory tracts and kidneys. Upper respiratory tract involvement usually occurs in 90% of patients, who most frequently present with symptoms of chronic sinusitis. Subglottic stenosis (SS) is a rare and severe complication that is usually observed in approximately 15% of patients. Here we present a case of SS in a patient with limited form of GPA during remission...
March 2018: European Journal of Rheumatology
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