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cartilage tissue engineering

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225174/photopolymerized-maleilated-chitosan-methacrylated-silk-fibroin-micro-nanocomposite-hydrogels-as-potential-scaffolds-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#1
Yingshan Zhou, Kaili Liang, Shuyan Zhao, Can Zhang, Jun Li, Hongjun Yang, Xin Liu, Xianze Yin, Dongzhi Chen, Weilin Xu, Pu Xiao
Hydrogels composed of natural materials exhibit great application potential in artificial scaffolds for cartilage repair as they can resemble the extracellular matrices of cartilage tissues comprised of various glycosaminoglycan and collagen. Herein, the natural polymers with vinyl groups, i.e. maleilated chitosan (MCS) and methacrylated silk fibroin (MSF) micro/nanoparticles, were firstly synthesized. The chemical structures of MCS and MSF micro/nanoparticles were investigated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223730/characterization-of-a-new-decellularized-bovine-pericardial-biological-mesh-structural-and-mechanical-properties
#2
Alessandra Bielli, Roberta Bernardini, Dimitrios Varvaras, Piero Rossi, Giancarlo Di Blasi, Giuseppe Petrella, Oreste Claudio Buonomo, Maurizio Mattei, Augusto Orlandi
Implants made from naturally-derived biomaterials, also called biological meshes or biomeshes, typically derive from decellularized extracellular matrix of either animal or human tissue. Biomeshes have many biomedical applications such as ligament repair, bone and cartilage regeneration and soft tissue replacement. Bovine collagen is one of the most widely used and abundantly available xenogenic materials. In particular, bovine pericardium is widely used as extracellular matrix bioprosthetic tissue. The efficiency of a pericardial mesh to function as scaffold depends on the quality of the decellularization protocol used...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216567/biocompatible-nanocomposite-of-tio2-incorporated-bi-polymer-for-articular-cartilage-tissue-regeneration-a-facile-material
#3
Lei Cao, Xiaofeng Wu, Qiugen Wang, Jiandong Wang
The development and design of polymeric hydrogels for articular cartilage tissue engineering have been a vital biomedical research for recent days. Organic/inorganic combined hydrogels with improved surface activity have shown potential for the repair and regeneration of hard tissues, but have not been broadly studied for articular cartilage tissue engineering applications. In this work, bi-polymeric hydrogel composite was designed with the incorporation some quantities of stick-like TiO2 nanostructures for favorable surface behavior and enhancement of osteoblast adhesions...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215321/mesenchymal-endometrial-stem-stromal-cells-for-hard-tissue-engineering-a-review-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evidence
#4
Fahimeh S Tabatabaei, Jafar Ai
Hard tissues including teeth, bone and cartilage have inability or poor capacity to self-renew, especially in large defects. Therefore, repair of damages in these tissues represents a huge challenge in the medical field today. Hard tissue engineering commonly utilizes different stem cell sources as a promising strategy for treating bone, cartilages and tooth defects or disorders. Decades ago, researchers successfully isolated and identified endometrial mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (EnSCs) and discovered their multidifferentiation potential...
December 7, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214232/hybrid-protein-glycosaminoglycan-hydrogels-promote-chondrogenic-stem-cell-differentiation
#5
Vladimíra Moulisová, Sara Poveda-Reyes, Esther Sanmartín-Masiá, Luis Quintanilla-Sierra, Manuel Salmerón-Sánchez, Gloria Gallego Ferrer
Gelatin-hyaluronic acid (Gel-HA) hybrid hydrogels have been proposed as matrices for tissue engineering because of their ability to mimic the architecture of the extracellular matrix. Our aim was to explore whether tyramine conjugates of Gel and HA, producing injectable hydrogels, are able to induce a particular phenotype of encapsulated human mesenchymal stem cells without the need for growth factors. While pure Gel allowed good cell adhesion without remarkable differentiation and pure HA triggered chondrogenic differentiation without cell spreading, the hybrids, especially those rich in HA, promoted chondrogenic differentiation as well as cell proliferation and adhesion...
November 30, 2017: ACS Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214173/fabrication-and-in-vitro-study-of-tissue-engineered-cartilage-scaffold-derived-from-wharton-s-jelly-extracellular-matrix
#6
Tongguang Xiao, Weimin Guo, Mingxue Chen, Chunxiang Hao, Shuang Gao, Jingxiang Huang, Zhiguo Yuan, Yu Zhang, Mingjie Wang, Penghao Li, Jiang Peng, Aiyuan Wang, Yu Wang, Xiang Sui, Li Zhang, Wenjing Xu, Shibi Lu, Heyong Yin, Jianhua Yang, Shuyun Liu, Quanyi Guo
The scaffold is a key element in cartilage tissue engineering. The components of Wharton's jelly are similar to those of articular cartilage and it also contains some chondrogenic growth factors, such as insulin-like growth factor I and transforming growth factor-β. We fabricated a tissue-engineered cartilage scaffold derived from Wharton's jelly extracellular matrix (WJECM) and compared it with a scaffold derived from articular cartilage ECM (ACECM) using freeze-drying. The results demonstrated that both WJECM and ACECM scaffolds possessed favorable pore sizes and porosities; moreover, they showed good water uptake ratios and compressive moduli...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211970/facilitating-in-vivo-articular-cartilage-repair-by-tissue-engineered-cartilage-grafts-produced-from-auricular-chondrocytes
#7
Chin-Chean Wong, Chih-Hwa Chen, Li-Hsuan Chiu, Yang-Hwei Tsuang, Meng-Yi Bai, Ren-Jei Chung, Yun-Ho Lin, Fon-Jou Hsieh, You-Tzung Chen, Tsung-Lin Yang
BACKGROUND: Insufficient cell numbers still present a challenge for articular cartilage repair. Converting heterotopic auricular chondrocytes by extracellular matrix may be the solution. HYPOTHESIS: Specific extracellular matrix may convert the phenotype of auricular chondrocytes toward articular cartilage for repair. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: For in vitro study, rabbit auricular chondrocytes were cultured in monolayer for several passages until reaching status of dedifferentiation...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210638/medical-applications-of-collagen-and-collagen-based-materials
#8
Anatoly Borisovich Shekhter, Alexey Leonidovich Fayzullin, Marina Nikolaevna Vukolova, Tatyana Georgiyevna Rudenko, Varvara Dmitriyevna Osipycheva, Petr Francevich Litvitsky
Collagen and collagen-based materials have been successfully used in medicine for over 50 years. The number of scientific articles about the role of collagen in the construction of scaffolds for tissue engineering has risen precipitously in recent years. The review contains materials about historic and modern applications of collagen in medicine such as soluble collagen injections, solid constructs reconstructed from solution, and decellularized collagen matrices. The analysis of published data proves the efficacy of collagen material in the treatment of chronic wounds, burns, venous and diabetic ulcers, in plastic, reconstructive and general surgery, urology, proctology, gynecology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, neurosurgery, dentistry, cardiovascular and bone and cartilage surgery, as well as in cosmetology...
December 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209868/laser-surface-modification-of-decellularized-extracellular-cartilage-matrix-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#9
Eva Goldberg-Bockhorn, Silke Schwarz, Rachana Subedi, Alexander Elsässer, Ricarda Riepl, Paul Walther, Ludwig Körber, Roman Breiter, Karl Stock, Nicole Rotter
The implantation of autologous cartilage as the gold standard operative procedure for the reconstruction of cartilage defects in the head and neck region unfortunately implicates a variety of negative effects at the donor site. Tissue-engineered cartilage appears to be a promising alternative. However, due to the complex requirements, the optimal material is yet to be determined. As demonstrated previously, decellularized porcine cartilage (DECM) might be a good option to engineer vital cartilage. As the dense structure of DECM limits cellular infiltration, we investigated surface modifications of the scaffolds by carbon dioxide (CO2) and Er:YAG laser application to facilitate the migration of chondrocytes inside the scaffold...
December 6, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208903/a-novel-bioreactor-system-for-biaxial-mechanical-loading-enhances-the-properties-of-tissue-engineered-human-cartilage
#10
Christoph Meinert, Karsten Schrobback, Dietmar W Hutmacher, Travis J Klein
The ex vivo engineering of autologous cartilage tissues has the potential to revolutionize the clinical management of joint disorders. Yet, high manufacturing costs and variable outcomes associated with tissue-engineered implants are still limiting their application. To improve clinical outcomes and facilitate a wider use of engineered tissues, automated bioreactor systems capable of enhancing and monitoring neotissues are required. Here, we developed an innovative system capable of applying precise uni- or biaxial mechanical stimulation to developing cartilage neotissues in a tightly controlled and automated fashion...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208279/collagen-alginate-as-bioink-for-three-dimensional-3d-cell-printing-based-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#11
Xingchen Yang, Zhenhui Lu, Huayu Wu, Wei Li, Li Zheng, Jinmin Zhao
Articular cartilage repair is still a huge challenge for researchers and clinicians. 3D bioprinting could be an innovative technology for cartilage tissue engineering. In this study, we used collagen type I (COL) or agarose (AG) mixed with sodium alginate (SA) to serve as 3D bioprinting bioinks and incorporated chondrocytes to construct in vitro 3D printed cartilage tissue. Swelling ratio, mechanical properties, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cell viability and cytoskeleton, biochemistry analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed to investigate the function of different bioinks in 3D printing cartilage tissue engineering applications...
February 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207069/stimulation-of-chondrocytes-and-chondroinduced-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-osteoinduced-mesenchymal-stem-cells-under-a-fluid-flow-stimulus-on-an-integrated-microfluidic-device
#12
Xuanwen Bao, Zhongyu Li, Hui Liu, Ke Feng, Fangchao Yin, Hongjing Li, Jianhua Qin
The aim of the present study was to investigate the stimulation of osteoinduced mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into chondrogenically predifferentiated MSCs and chondrocytes in a mechanical environment. A novel two‑layer microfluidic chip was used to mimic the interstitial flow in the superficial zones of articular cartilage. The morphology, proliferation rate and the expression of collagen I, collagen II and aggrecan of chondrocytes and chondro‑MSCs were investigated. The results revealed that the cells in the bottom layer were influenced by the top layer's osteoinduced MSCs and the bottom layer's shear flow...
November 24, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205092/biocompatibility-of-subcutaneously-implanted-marine-macromolecules-cross-linked-bio-composite-scaffold-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering-applications
#13
A S Sumayya, G Muraleedhara Kurup
There is an intense interest in developing innovative biomaterials which support the invasion and proliferation of living cells for potential applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. Present study demonstrated the in vivo biocompatibility and toxicity of a macromolecules cross-linked biocomposite scaffold composed of hydroxyapatite, alginate, chitosan and fucoidan abbreviated as HACF. The in vivo biocompatibility and toxicity of HACF scaffold were tested by comparing them with those of a biocompatible surgical metal implant (SMI) in a subcutaneous rat model...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203122/inducing-chondrogenesis-in-msc-chondrocyte-co-cultures-using-exogenous-tgf-%C3%AE-a-mathematical-model
#14
Chen M J, Whiteley J P, Please C P, Schwab A, Ehlicke F, Waters S L, Byrne H M
The differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into chondrocytes (native cartilage cells), or chondrogenesis, is a key step in the tissue engineering of articular cartilage, where the motility and high proliferation rate of MSCs used as seed cells are exploited. Chondrogenesis is regulated by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), a short-lived cytokine whose effect is prolonged by storage in the extracellular matrix. Tissue engineering applications require the complete differentiation of an initial population of MSCs, and two common strategies used to achieve this in vitro are (1) co-culture the MSCs with chondrocytes, which constitutively produce TGF-β; or (2) add exogenous TGF-β...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199637/automated-3d-bioassembly-of-micro-tissues-for-biofabrication-of-hybrid-tissue-engineered-constructs
#15
Naveen Vijayan Mekhileri, Khoon Lim, Gabriella C J Brown, Isha Mutreja, Ben S Schon, Gary J Hooper, Tim B F Woodfield
Bottom-up biofabrication approaches combining micro-tissue fabrication techniques with extrusion-based 3D printing of thermoplastic polymer scaffolds are emerging strategies in tissue engineering. These biofabrication strategies support native self-assembly mechanisms observed in developmental stages of tissue or organoid growth as well as promoting cell-cell interactions and cell differentiation capacity. Few technologies have been developed to automate the precise assembly of micro-tissues or tissue modules into structural scaffolds...
December 4, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194731/human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-induced-to-differentiate-as-chondrocytes-follow-a-biphasic-pattern-of-extracellular-matrix-production
#16
J Michael Sorrell, Rodrigo A Somoza, Arnold I Caplan
Regenerative medicine and tissue engineering studies are actively developing novel means to repair adult articular cartilage defects using biological approaches. One such approach is the harnessing of adult human therapeutic cells such as those referred to as mesenchymal stem cells. Upon exposure to chondrogenic signals, these cells differentiate and initiate the production of a complex and voluminous cartilaginous matrix that is crucial to both the structure and function of cartilage. Furthermore, this complexity requires the time-sensitive activation of a large number of genes to produce the components of this matrix...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184934/extracellular-vesicles-exosomes-and-shedding-vesicles-in-regenerative-medicine-a-new-paradigm-for-tissue-repair
#17
REVIEW
I M Bjørge, S Y Kim, J F Mano, B Kalionis, W Chrzanowski
Tissue regeneration by stem cells is driven by the paracrine activity of shedding vesicles and exosomes, which deliver specific cargoes to the recipient cells. Proteins, RNA, cytokines and subsequent gene expression, orchestrate the regeneration process by improving the microenvironment to promote cell survival, controlling inflammation, repairing injury and enhancing the healing process. The action of microRNA is widely accepted as an essential driver of the regenerative process through its impact on multiple downstream biological pathways, and its ability to regulate the host immune response...
November 29, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178462/role-of-dexamethasone-in-the-long-term-functional-maturation-of-msc-laden-hyaluronic-acid-hydrogels-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#18
Minwook Kim, Sean T Garrity, David R Steinberg, George R Dodge, Robert L Mauck
The purpose of study was to investigate the maturation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) laden in HA constructs with various combinations of chemically defined medium (CM) components and determine the impact of dexamethasone and serum on construct properties. Constructs were cultured in CM with the addition or withdrawal of media components or were transferred to serum containing media that partially represents and in vivo-like condition where pro-inflammatory signals are present. Constructs cultured in CM+ (CM with TGF-β3) and DEX- (CM+ without dexamethasone) conditions produced robust matrix, while those in ITS/BSA/LA- (CM+ without ITS/BSA/LA) and Serum+ (10% FBS with TGF-β3) produced little matrix...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178320/low-oxygen-conditions-promote-synergistic-increases-in-chondrogenesis-during-co-culture-of-human-osteoarthritic-stem-cells-and-chondrocytes
#19
Susan E Critchley, Rajalakshmanan Eswaramoorthy, Daniel J Kelly
There has been increased interest in co-cultures of stem cells and chondrocytes for cartilage tissue engineering as there are the limitations associated with using either cell type alone. Drawbacks associated with the use of chondrocytes include the limited numbers of cells available for isolation from damaged or diseased joints, their dedifferentiation during in vitro expansion and a diminished capacity to synthesise cartilage-specific extracellular matrix components with age and disease. This has motivated the use of adult stem cells with either freshly isolated or culture expanded chondrocytes for cartilage repair applications, however the ideal combination of cells and environmental conditions for promoting robust chondrogenesis remains unclear...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177908/formation-of-tissue-engineered-construct-of-human-cartilage-tissue-in-a-flow-through-bioreactor
#20
V I Sevastianov, Yu B Basok, A M Grigor'ev, L A Kirsanova, V N Vasilets
We performed culturing of a cell-engineered construct of human cartilage tissue consisting of biopolymer microstructured collagen-containing hydrogel, human adipose tissue mesenchymal stromal cells, and induction chondrogenic culture medium in a specially designed flow-through bioreactor. On day 16 of the experiment, human adipose tissue mesenchymal stromal cells acquired flattened shape typical for chondroblasts, demonstrated high proliferative activity, and formed extracellular matrix. The observed histological changes in the cultured system attested to the beginning of the formation of a tissue-engineered construct of human cartilage tissue...
November 25, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
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