keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cartilage tissue engineering

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731483/the-role-of-laminins-in-cartilaginous-tissues-from-development-to-regeneration
#1
Y Sun, T L Wang, W S Toh, M Pei
As a key molecule of the extracellular matrix, laminin provides a delicate microenvironment for cell functions. Recent findings suggest that laminins expressed by cartilage-forming cells (chondrocytes, progenitor cells and stem cells) could promote chondrogenesis. However, few papers outline the effect of laminins on providing a favorable matrix microenvironment for cartilage regeneration. In this review, we delineated the expression of laminins in hyaline cartilage, fibrocartilage and cartilage-like tissue (nucleus pulposus) throughout several developmental stages...
July 21, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729762/combination-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-cartilage-fragments-contribute-to-enhanced-repair-of-osteochondral-defects
#2
Mohammed Abbas
Cartilage tissue engineering using stem cells and biomaterials is considered a promising approach despite poor outcomes. We hypothesise that articular cartilage fragments provides native environmental cues to enhance stem cell differentiation. As such we evaluated the chondrogenic differentiation and repair of critical size defect in a human explant osteochondral model (OD) using bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and homogenised cartilage. BM-MSCs were established from the bone-marrow plugs of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty and characterized...
2017: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726574/rise-of-the-pigs-utilization-of-the-porcine-model-to-study-musculoskeletal-biomechanics-and-tissue-engineering-during-skeletal-growth
#3
Stephanie G Cone, Paul B Warren, Matthew B Fisher
Large animal models play an essential role in the study of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine as well as biomechanics.  The porcine model has been increasingly used to study the musculoskeletal system, including specific joints, such as the knee and temporomandibular joints, and tissues, such as bone, cartilage, and ligaments. In particular, pigs have been utilized to evaluate the role of skeletal growth on the biomechanics and engineered replacements of these joints and tissues. In this review, we explore the publication history of the use of pig models in biomechanics, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine studies, discuss inter-species comparative studies, highlight studies on the effect of skeletal growth and other biological considerations in the porcine model, and present challenges and emerging opportunities for using this model to study functional tissue engineering and regenerative medicine...
July 20, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724980/handheld-co-axial-bioprinting-application-to-in-situ-surgical-cartilage-repair
#4
Serena Duchi, Carmine Onofrillo, Cathal D O'Connell, Romane Blanchard, Cheryl Augustine, Anita F Quigley, Robert M I Kapsa, Peter Pivonka, Gordon Wallace, Claudia Di Bella, Peter F M Choong
Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting is driving major innovations in the area of cartilage tissue engineering. Extrusion-based 3D bioprinting necessitates a phase change from a liquid bioink to a semi-solid crosslinked network achieved by a photo-initiated free radical polymerization reaction that is known to be cytotoxic. Therefore, the choice of the photocuring conditions has to be carefully addressed to generate a structure stiff enough to withstand the forces phisiologically applied on articular cartilage, while ensuring adequate cell survival for functional chondral repair...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722162/cyanidin-suppresses-autophagic-activity-regulating-chondrocyte-hypertrophic-differentiation
#5
Zhen Cao, Song Huang, Ce Dou, Qiang Xiang, Shiwu Dong
Cartilage is a kind of special connective tissue which does not contain neither blood vessels nor lymphatics and nerves. Therefore, the damage in cartilage is difficult to be repaired spontaneously. Constructing tissue engineered cartilage provides a new technique for cartilage repairing. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess a unique capability of self-renew and can differentiate into pre-chondrocytes which are frequently applied as seed cells in tissue engineering. However, in regenerated cartilage the chondrocytes derived from MSCs can hardly maintain homeostasis and preferentially present hypertrophic like phenotype...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721819/the-application-of-scaffold-materials-in-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#6
Na Fu, Tengzhe Dong, Ai Meng, Zhaosong Meng, Bofeng Zhu, Yunfeng Lin
The management of chondral defects has been a challenge for a long time because of the poor self-healing capacity of articular cartilage. Many approaches ranging from symptomatic treatment to structural cartilage regeneration are not that successful with very limited satisfactory results. Chondral defects caused by tumor, trauma, infection, congenital malformations are very common in clinical trials. It seriously affects the patient's physical function and quality of life. Cartilage tissue engineering, which involves novel natural scaffolds, has emerged as a promising strategy for cartilage regeneration and repair...
July 18, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719734/tissue-engineering-of-a-composite-trachea-construct-using-autologous-rabbit-chondrocytes
#7
James E Dennis, Kristina G Bernardi, Thomas J Kean, Nelson E Liou, Tanya K Meyer
The repair of large tracheal segmental defects remains an unsolved problem. The goal of this study is to apply tissue engineering principles for the fabrication of large segmental trachea replacements. Engineered tracheal replacements composed of autologous cells ("neotracheas") were tested in a New Zealand White rabbit model. Neotracheas were formed in the rabbit neck by wrapping a silicone tube with consecutive layers of skin epithelium, platysma muscle and an engineered cartilage sheet, and allowing the construct to mature for 8-12 weeks...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719343/preparation-and-properties-of-polyvinyl-alcohol-pva-and-hydroxylapatite-ha-hydrogels-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#8
F Yuan, M Ma, L Lu, Z Pan, W Zhou, J Cai, S Luo, W Zeng, F Yin
A novel bioactive hydrogel for cartilage tissue based on polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and hydroxylapatite (HA) were prepared, the effects of its component contents on the mechanical properties and microstructure of the hydrogel were investigated. The important properties of the scaffold composites, such as density, porosity, compressive modulus and microstructure were studied and analyzed through various measurements and methods. The biodegradability of hydrogel was evaluated by soaking the samples into artificial degradation solution at body temperature (36 - 37 oC) in vitro...
May 20, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716681/mri-magic-angle-effect-in-femorotibial-cartilages-of-the-red-kangaroo
#9
Tonima S Ali, Namal Thibbotuwawa, YuanTong Gu, Konstantin I Momot
OBJECTIVE: Kangaroo knee cartilages are robust tissues that can support knee flexion and endure high levels of compressive stress. This study aimed to develop a detailed understanding of the collagen architecture in kangaroo knee cartilages and thus obtain insights into the biophysical basis of their function. DESIGN: Cylindrical/square plugs from femoral and tibial hyaline cartilage and tibial fibrocartilage were excised from the knees of three adult red kangaroos...
July 15, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714570/human-osteoarthritic-chondrons-outnumber-patient-and-joint-matched-chondrocytes-in-hydrogel-culture-future-application-in-autologous-cell-based-oa-cartilage-repair
#10
Miriam Rothdiener, Tatiana Uynuk-Ool, Norbert Südkamp, Matthias Aurich, Alan J Grodzinsky, Bodo Kurz, Bernd Rolauffs
Autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is used in 34-60% for osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage defects, although ACI is neither recommended nor designed for OA. Envisioning a hydrogel-based ACI for OA that uses chondrons instead of classically used chondrocytes, we hypothesized that human OA-chondrons may outperform OA-chondrocytes. We compared patient- and joint surface-matched human OA-chondrons vs. OA-chondrocytes cultured for the first time in a hydrogel, using a self-assembling peptide system. We determined yield, viability, cell numbers, mRNA expression, GAPDH mRNA enzyme activity, collagen II synthesis (CPII) and degradation (C2C), and sGAG...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714568/exposure-to-reversine-affects-the-chondrocyte-morphology-and-phenotype-in-vitro
#11
S Gasparini, F Villa, L Molfetta, E Repaci, P Castagnola, R Quarto, P Giannoni
Articular chondrocytes derived from osteoarthritic tissues (OA-HAC) show a severely reduced chondrogenic commitment. This impairment undermines their use for tissue-engineered cartilage repair, which relies on cell proliferation and growth to meet the therapeutic needs but also on efficient cell plasticity to recover the chondrogenic phenotype. Reversine (Rev), a 2,6-disubstituted purine inhibitor of spindle-assembly checkpoints, was described to convert differentiated mesenchymal cells to their undifferentiated precursors...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714408/biomaterials-and-supercritical-fluid-technologies-which-perspectives-to-fabricate-artificial-extracellular-matrix
#12
Della Porta Giovanna, E Reverchon, N Maffulli
The foundation of tissue engineering for either therapeutic or diagnostic applications is the ability to exploit living cells. Tissue engineering utilizes living cells as engineering materials implanted, seeded or bio-plotted into an artificial structure capable of supporting three-dimensional tissue formation. These structures, typically called scaffolds, are critical, both ex vivo and in vivo, to influence their own microenvironments. Scaffolds can serve the following purposes: allow cell attachment and migration, deliver and retain cells and biochemical factors, enable diffusion of vital cell nutrients or expressed products, exert certain mechanical and biological influences to modify the behaviour of the cell phase...
July 13, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713920/low%C3%A2-dose-halofuginone-inhibits-the-synthesis-of-type-i-collagen-without-influencing-type-ii-collagen-in-the-extracellular-matrix-of-chondrocytes
#13
Zeng Li, Hao Fei, Zhen Wang, Tianyi Zhu
Full‑thickness and large area defects of articular cartilage are unable to completely repair themselves and require surgical intervention, including microfracture, autologous or allogeneic osteochondral grafts, and autologous chondrocyte implantation. A large proportion of regenerative cartilage exists as fibrocartilage, which is unable to withstand impacts in the same way as native hyaline cartilage, owing to excess synthesis of type I collagen in the matrix. The present study demonstrated that low‑dose halofuginone (HF), a plant alkaloid isolated from Dichroa febrifuga, may inhibit the synthesis of type I collagen without influencing type II collagen in the extracellular matrix of chondrocytes...
July 15, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713709/high-quality-of-infant-chondrocytes-in-comparison-with-adult-chondrocytes-for-cartilage-tissue-engineering
#14
Fatemeh Mortazavi, Hajar Shafaei, Jafar Soleimani Rad, Leila Rushangar, Azadeh Montaceri, Masoud Jamshidi
BACKGROUND: Tissue engineering is used for the treatment of many diseases, and the ideal cell source for cartilage tissue engineering is chondrocytes. The main limitation of chondrocyte is the low number of cells in cartilage tissue engineering. This study investigated a suitable cell source with high proliferation rate to obtain a large number of chondrocytes. METHODS: Adult cartilage tissue samples were obtained from adult patients undergoing surgical procedure, and infant cartilage tissue samples were obtained from polydactyly surgical waste...
May 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709984/micrometer-scale-guidance-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-to-form-structurally-oriented-large-scale-tissue-engineered-cartilage
#15
Chih-Ling Chou, Alexander L Rivera, Valencia Williams, Jean F Welter, Joseph M Mansour, Judith A Drazba, Takao Sakai, Harihara Baskaran
Current clinical methods to treat articular cartilage lesions provide temporary relief of the symptoms but fail to permanently restore the damaged tissue. Tissue engineering, using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) combined with scaffolds and bioactive factors, is viewed as a promising method for repairing cartilage injuries. However, current tissue engineered constructs display inferior mechanical properties compared to native articular cartilage, which could be attributed to the lack of structural organization of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of these engineered constructs in comparison to the highly oriented structure of articular cartilage ECM...
July 11, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701742/tissue-engineered-trachea-from-a-3d-printed-scaffold-enhances-whole-segment-tracheal-repair
#16
Manchen Gao, Hengyi Zhang, Wei Dong, Jie Bai, Botao Gao, Dekai Xia, Bei Feng, Maolin Chen, Xiaomin He, Meng Yin, Zhiwei Xu, Nevin Witman, Wei Fu, Jinghao Zheng
Long segmental repair of trachea stenosis is an intractable condition in the clinic. The reconstruction of an artificial substitute by tissue engineering is a promising approach to solve this unmet clinical need. 3D printing technology provides an infinite possibility for engineering a trachea. Here, we 3D printed a biodegradable reticular polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold with similar morphology to the whole segment of rabbits' native trachea. The 3D-printed scaffold was suspended in culture with chondrocytes for 2 (Group I) or 4 (Group II) weeks, respectively...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698817/the-fabrication-of-biomimetic-biphasic-can-pac-hydrogel-with-a-seamless-interfacial-layer-applied-in-osteochondral-defect-repair
#17
Jinfeng Liao, Taoran Tian, Sirong Shi, Xueping Xie, Quanquan Ma, Guo Li, Yunfeng Lin
Cartilage tissue engineering based on biomimetic scaffolds has become a rapidly developing strategy for repairing cartilage defects. In this study, a biphasic CAN-PAC hydrogel for osteochondral defect (OCD) regeneration was fabricated based on the density difference between the two layers via a thermally reactive, rapid cross-linking method. The upper hydrogel was cross-linked by CSMA and NIPAm, and the lower hydrogel was composed of PECDA, AAm and PEGDA. The interface between the two layers was first grafted by the physical cross-linking of calcium gluconate and alginate, followed by the chemical cross-linking of the carbon-carbon double bonds in the other components...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697500/cx43-and-smad-mediated-tgf-%C3%AE-bmp-signaling-pathway-promotes-cartilage-differentiation-of-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-inhibits-osteoblast-differentiation
#18
Ya-Dong Zhang, Shi-Chang Zhao, Zhong-Sheng Zhu, Yi-Fei Wang, Jian-Xiang Liu, Zhi-Cai Zhang, Feng Xue
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of Cx43- and Smad-mediated TGF-β/BMP signaling pathway on the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) into cartilage and inhibition of ossification. METHODS: BMSCs of Wistar rats were cultured and assigned into 5 groups for transfection with adenoviruses. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were employed to detect mRNA and protein expressions of target genes...
July 11, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683690/using-costal-chondrocytes-to-engineer-articular-cartilage-with-applications-of-passive-axial-compression-and-bioactive-stimuli
#19
Le Huwe, Gurdeep Sullan, Jerry C Hu, Kyriacos A Athanasiou
Generating neocartilage with suitable mechanical integrity from a cell source that can circumvent chondrocyte scarcity is indispensable for articular cartilage regeneration strategies. Costal chondrocytes of the rib eliminate donor site morbidity in the articular joint, but it remains unclear how neocartilage formed from these cells responds to mechanical loading, especially if the intent is to use it in a load-bearing joint. In a series of three experiments, this study sought to determine efficacious parameters of passive axial compressive stimulation that would enable costal chondrocytes to synthesize mechanically robust cartilage...
July 6, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677757/hypertrophic-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-is-suppressed-by-xanthotoxin-via-the-p38%C3%A2-mapk-hdac4-pathway
#20
Zhen Cao, Yun Bai, Chuan Liu, Ce Dou, Jianmei Li, Junyu Xiang, Chunrong Zhao, Zhao Xie, Qiang Xiang, Shiwu Dong
Chondrocyte hypertrophy is a physiological process in endochondral ossification. However, the hypertrophic‑like alterations of chondrocytes at the articular surface may result in osteoarthritis (OA). In addition, the generation of fibrocartilage with a decreased biological function in tissue engineered cartilage, has been attributed to chondrocyte hypertrophy. Therefore, suppressing chondrocyte hypertrophy in OA and the associated regeneration of non‑active cartilage is of primary concern. The present study examined the effects of xanthotoxin (XAT), which is classified as a furanocoumarin, on chondrocyte hypertrophic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells...
June 29, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
keyword
keyword
30999
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"