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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717755/innovative-breast-cancer-awareness-and-advocacy-campaign
#1
Omolola Salako, Alero A Roberts, Victor I Isibor, Oluwatimilehin Babatunde, Omolara Fatiregun, Chukwumere N Nwogu
Breast cancer is a major disease in Nigeria; in 2012, 27,304 new occurrences were diagnosed, and the number of mortalities was 13,960. Greater than 70% of patients present with advanced disease, which has a poor survival outcome. The mortality rates are high mainly because of a lack of awareness about breast health, screening guidelines, and treatment centers, and because of sociocultural barriers. In Nigeria, health care professionals remain the backbone for the provision of medical information to the public...
April 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706197/completeness-of-community-structure-in-networks
#2
Jia-Rong Xie, Pan Zhang, Hai-Feng Zhang, Bing-Hong Wang
By defining a new measure to community structure, exclusive modularity, and based on cavity method of statistical physics, we develop a mathematically principled method to determine the completeness of community structure, which represents whether a partition that is either annotated by experts or given by a community-detection algorithm, carries complete information about community structure in the network. Our results demonstrate that the expert partition is surprisingly incomplete in some networks such as the famous political blogs network, indicating that the relation between meta-data and community structure in real-world networks needs to be re-examined...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704082/you-can-never-be-too-care-full
#3
Clare Price-Dowd
In her second blog in the series, Clare Price-Dowd, Senior Programme Lead, NHS Leadership Academy, Leeds, talks about the importance of care in nurses' day-to-day lives, both for patients and colleagues.
July 13, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699836/blogs-and-the-art-of-dying-blogging-with-and-about-severe-cancer-in-late-modern-swedish-society
#4
Yvonne Andersson
In recent years, the common and mundane dying has begun to take place in the public space of the Internet. Among the blogs about food, fashion, travel, and other joyful aspects of life, blogs about severe disease and dying have appeared. The aim of this article is to describe some characteristic features of a sample of cancer blogs and to discuss them in the light of Zygmunt Bauman's theory of the rationalization of death in modernity and theories about networked media, especially the theories about "affective labor" and "ambient intimacy" by McCosker, Darcy, and Pfister...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693642/what-s-trending-in-infection-control-scoping-and-narrative-reviews
#5
Brett G Mitchell, Dayna Petrie, Lindsay Morton, Stephanie J Dancer
OBJECTIVE To explore the trends in infection control peer-reviewed journals, mainstream media, and blogs written by infection control professionals DESIGN Narrative and scoping reviews METHODS Narrative and scoping reviews were performed to identify trending infection prevention and control topics from international journals, national news websites, newspapers, and so-called grey literature throughout 2015. Data were analyzed using word frequencies, and results are displayed in word clouds. RESULTS For 2015, our search identified 6 news websites with a total of published 116 articles, 71 articles from selected newspapers, and 214 publications from infection control websites...
July 11, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681280/elevated-nicotine-dependence-scores-among-electronic-cigarette-users-at-an-electronic-cigarette-convention
#6
Jona M Johnson, Jessica L Muilenburg, Stephen L Rathbun, Xiaozhong Yu, Luke P Naeher, Jia-Sheng Wang
Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) conventions are trade shows held across the globe to promote e-cigarette products and provide a venue for users to socialize. E-cigarette users that attend these events likely represent the most intensive e-cigarette user group. No study has characterized addiction and behavior characteristics in this population. We surveyed 131 e-cigarette users attending a large Southeastern e-cigarette convention in Fall 2015. All questions from the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), select questions from the Penn State Electronic Cigarette Dependence Index, and novel user behavior questions were included...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659840/multiplicity-an-explorative-interview-study-on-personal-experiences-of-people-with-multiple-selves
#7
Gergő Ribáry, László Lajtai, Zsolt Demetrovics, Aniko Maraz
Background and aims: Personality psychology research relies on the notion that humans have a single self that is the result of the individual's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that can be reliably described (i.e., through traits). People who identify themselves as "multiple" have a system of multiple or alternative, selves, that share the same physical body. This is the first study to explore the phenomenon of multiplicity by assessing the experiences of people who identify themselves as "multiple." Methods: First, an Internet forum search was performed using the terms "multiplicity" and "multiple system...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657189/utility-of-web-search-query-data-in-testing-theoretical-assumptions-about-mephedrone
#8
Máté Kapitány-Fövény, Zsolt Demetrovics
OBJECTIVE: With growing access to the Internet, people who use drugs and traffickers started to obtain information about novel psychoactive substances (NPS) via online platforms. This paper aims to analyze whether a decreasing Web interest in formerly banned substances-cocaine, heroin, and MDMA-and the legislative status of mephedrone predict Web interest about this NPS. METHODS: Google Trends was used to measure changes of Web interest on cocaine, heroin, MDMA, and mephedrone...
May 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657187/an-insight-into-the-deep-web-why-it-matters-for-addiction-psychiatry
#9
Laura Orsolini, Duccio Papanti, John Corkery, Fabrizio Schifano
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, the web is rapidly spreading, playing a significant role in the marketing or sale or distribution of "quasi" legal drugs, hence facilitating continuous changes in drug scenarios. The easily renewable and anarchic online drug-market is gradually transforming indeed the drug market itself, from a "street" to a "virtual" one, with customers being able to shop with a relative anonymity in a 24-hr marketplace. The hidden "deep web" is facilitating this phenomenon. The paper aims at providing an overview to mental health's and addiction's professionals on current knowledge about prodrug activities on the deep web...
May 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656775/advocacy-coalition-for-safer-sex-in-the-adult-film-industry-the-case-of-los-angeles-county-s-measure-b
#10
Adam Carl Cohen, Paula Tavrow, Mark Roy McGrath
BACKGROUND: Performers in the adult film industry are routinely exposed to bloodborne pathogens. In 2012, public health advocates in Los Angeles County convinced voters to pass a ballot initiative-Measure B-to mandate condom use on adult film sets. This article presents a case study of the advocacy coalition's strategies used to achieve greater workplace safety using the advocacy coalition framework. METHOD: The authors were given access to all memoranda, market research, and campaign tools used to promote Measure B...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653782/changes-in-drug-use-patterns-reported-on-the-web-after-the-introduction-of-adf-oxycontin-findings-from-the-researched-abuse-diversion-and-addiction-related-surveillance-radars-system-web-monitoring-program
#11
Suzanne Vosburg, Colleen Haynes, Andrea Besharat, Jody L Green
This qualitative study summarizes information that individuals shared online about use of OxyContin following the August 2010 introduction of the abuse deterrent formulation (ADF). PURPOSE: The primary objective was to study online posts that endorsed continued use of OxyContin or a switch from OxyContin to another formulation of oxycodone or another substance altogether following the introduction of the ADF. A secondary objective was to determine whether posts revealed that the ADF led to cessation of OxyContin use...
June 27, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644291/the-significant-and-the-superficial
#12
Libby Kurz
Updated several times a week with posts by a wide variety of authors, AJN's blog Off the Charts allows us to provide more timely-and often more personal-perspectives on professional, policy, and clinical issues. Best of the Blog will be a regular column to draw the attention of AJN readers to posts we think deserve a wider audience. To read more, please visit: www.ajnoffthecharts.com.
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627209/anorexia-y-bulimia-nerviosas-difusi%C3%A3-n-virtual-de-la-enfermedad-como-estilo-de-vida
#13
Gina Lladó, Rocío González-Soltero, María José Blanco Fernández de Valderrama
Introducción: la adolescencia es un periodo vulnerable para padecer trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) como la anorexia y la bulimia nerviosas. La insatisfacción corporal, uno de los factores precipitantes de los TCA, conduce a las adolescentes a la búsqueda de información sobre dietas en internet. En este contexto, las páginas pro-Ana (proanorexia) y pro-Mía (probulimia) difunden contenidos altamente perjudiciales para la salud relacionados con la pérdida de peso y los TCA.Objetivos: en el presente trabajo se analizan la cantidad, el posicionamiento, la calidad y la difusión de las páginas pro-Ana y pro-Mía...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624601/the-manchester-fly-facility-implementing-an-objective-driven-long-term-science-communication-initiative
#14
REVIEW
Sanjai Patel, Andreas Prokop
Science communication is increasingly important for scientists, although research, teaching and administration activities tend to eat up our time already, and budgets for science communication are usually low. It appears impossible to combine all these tasks and, in addition, to develop engagement activities to a quality and impact that would make the efforts worth their while. Here we argue that these challenges are easier addressed when centering science communication initiatives on a long-term vision with a view to eventually forming outreach networks where the load can be shared whilst being driven to higher momentum...
June 15, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611704/passion-trait-self-control-and-wellbeing-comparing-two-mediation-models-predicting-wellbeing
#15
Walid Briki
Research has found that passion and trait self-control represented key determinants of wellbeing. Yet, no study to date has attempted to investigate the mediating influences of trait self-control and passion for accounting for the relationships between passion, trait self-control, and wellbeing (dependent variable). Using different frameworks, such as the dualistic model of passion and the neo-socioanalytic theory, the present study proposed two mediation models, considering either trait self-control (model 1) or passion (model 2) as the mediating variable...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594612/what-compassion-means-to-me
#16
Clare Price-Dowd
In the first instalment in a series of blogs, Clare Price-Dowd, Senior Programme Lead, NHS Leadership Academy, Leeds, talks about her personal experience of compassionate nursing and discusses why it is so important in the NHS.
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583426/studying-behaviors-among-neurosurgery-residents-using-web-2-0-analytic-tools
#17
Benjamin Davidson, Naif M Alotaibi, Daipayan Guha, Sandi Amaral, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Andres M Lozano
BACKGROUND: Web 2.0 technologies (e.g., blogs, social networks, and wikis) are increasingly being used by medical schools and postgraduate training programs as tools for information dissemination. These technologies offer the unique opportunity to track metrics of user engagement and interaction. Here, we employ Web 2.0 tools to assess academic behaviors among neurosurgery residents. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all educational lectures, part of the core Neurosurgery Residency curriculum at the University of Toronto, posted on our teaching website (www...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569605/dying-is-unexpectedly-positive
#18
Amelia Goranson, Ryan S Ritter, Adam Waytz, Michael I Norton, Kurt Gray
In people's imagination, dying seems dreadful; however, these perceptions may not reflect reality. In two studies, we compared the affective experience of people facing imminent death with that of people imagining imminent death. Study 1 revealed that blog posts of near-death patients with cancer and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis were more positive and less negative than the simulated blog posts of nonpatients-and also that the patients' blog posts became more positive as death neared. Study 2 revealed that the last words of death-row inmates were more positive and less negative than the simulated last words of noninmates-and also that these last words were less negative than poetry written by death-row inmates...
May 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561727/social-media-for-networking-professional-development-and-patient-engagement
#19
Merry Jennifer Markham, Danielle Gentile, David L Graham
Social media has become an established method of communication, and many physicians are finding these interactive tools and platforms to be useful for both personal and professional use. Risks of social media, or barriers to its use, include perceived lack of time, privacy concerns, and the risk of damage to one's reputation by unprofessional behavior. Of the social media platforms, Twitter has become favored by physicians and other health care professionals. Although one of the most obvious uses of social media is for rapid dissemination and receipt of information, oncologists are finding that social media is important for networking through blogs, Facebook, and Twitter...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557819/the-scholarly-influence-of-orthopaedic-research-according-to-conventional-and-alternative-metrics-a-systematic-review
#20
Nathan Evaniew, Anthony F Adili, Michelle Ghert, Moin Khan, Kim Madden, Christopher Smith, Mohit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Researchers are experiencing an innovative shift toward online distribution of their work, and metrics related to online scholarly influence are gaining importance. Our objectives were to determine which types of online activity are most prevalent in orthopaedics, to identify associated factors, and to explore a complementary approach to measuring overall scholarly influence using online activity and conventional citations. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials of surgical or nonsurgical interventions in participants with, or at specific risk for, injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system...
May 30, 2017: JBJS Reviews
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