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Head neck cancer guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913301/concordant-surgical-treatment-non-melanocytic-skin-cancer-of-the-head-and-neck
#1
Wan Cheol Ryu, In Chang Koh, Yong Hae Lee, Jong Hyun Cha, Sang Il Kim, Chang Gyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer. Of the 4 million skin lesions excised annually worldwide, approximately 2 million are considered cancerous. In this study, we aimed to describe a regional experience with skin cancers treated by a single senior surgeon and to provide a treatment algorithm. METHODS: The medical records of 176 patients with head and neck non-melanocytic skin cancer (NMSC) who were treated by a single surgeon at our institution between January 2010 and May 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, and their data (age, sex, pathological type, tumor location/size, treatment modality) were analyzed...
March 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905170/-follow-up-ultrasound-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#2
J Künzel, A Bozzato, S Strieth
In Germany high-resolution sonography using the color duplex mode in addition to computed tomography (CT) is a well-established and proven method in the context of restaging after primary therapy of head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). There are no international evidence-based restaging guidelines. Decisions concerning neck dissection (ND) after primary radiochemotherapy (RCT) are often individually derived in the respective tumor conferences and are therefore subject to variance. Compared to the UK or USA, in Germany there is a high level of expertise in the use of ultrasound in combination with CT for the routine restaging of HNSCC after RCT...
September 13, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901659/using-gamma-index-to-flag-changes-in-anatomy-during-image-guided-radiation-therapy-of-head-and-neck-cancer
#3
Bryan Schaly, Jeff Kempe, Varagur Venkatesan, Sylvia Mitchell, Jerry J Battista
During radiation therapy of head and neck cancer, the decision to consider replanning a treatment because of anatomical changes has significant resource implications. We developed an algorithm that compares cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) image pairs and provides an automatic alert as to when remedial action may be required. Retrospective CBCT data from ten head and neck cancer patients that were replanned during their treatment was used to train the algorithm on when to recommend a repeat CT simulation (re-CT)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891424/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults-executive-summary
#4
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation has published a supplement to this issue of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery featuring the "Clinical Practice Guideline: Evaluation of the Neck Mass in Adults." To assist in implementing the guideline recommendations, this article summarizes the rationale, purpose, and key action statements. The 12 recommendations developed emphasize reducing delays in diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma; promoting appropriate testing, including imaging, pathologic evaluation, and empiric medical therapies; reducing inappropriate testing; and promoting appropriate physical examination when cancer is suspected...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891406/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults
#5
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective Neck masses are common in adults, but often the underlying etiology is not easily identifiable. While infections cause most of the neck masses in children, most persistent neck masses in adults are neoplasms. Malignant neoplasms far exceed any other etiology of adult neck mass. Importantly, an asymptomatic neck mass may be the initial or only clinically apparent manifestation of head and neck cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), lymphoma, thyroid, or salivary gland cancer. Evidence suggests that a neck mass in the adult patient should be considered malignant until proven otherwise...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865517/management-of-radiation-toxicity-in-head-and-neck-cancers
#6
REVIEW
Farzan Siddiqui, Benjamin Movsas
Head and neck cancers account for approximately 3% of all cancers in the United States with 62,000 new cases diagnosed annually. The global incidence is approximately 700,000 new cases a year. There has also been a recent increase in human papilloma virus-related oropharyngeal cancers. External beam radiation therapy (RT) is commonly used as an effective therapy for head and neck (H&N) cancers. This is used as a definitive treatment (alone or in combination with chemotherapy) or as an adjuvant treatment after surgical resection of the tumors...
October 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841234/effect-of-time-to-initiation-of-postoperative-radiation-therapy-on-survival-in-surgically-managed-head-and-neck-cancer
#7
Evan M Graboyes, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Mark A Ellis, Anand K Sharma, Amy E Wahlquist, Eric J Lentsch, Brian Nussenbaum, Terry A Day
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the effects of National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guideline-adherent initiation of postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) and different time-to-PORT intervals on the overall survival (OS) of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base was reviewed for the period of 2006-2014, and patients with HNSCC undergoing surgery and PORT were identified...
August 25, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840313/reliability-and-validity-of-the-md-anderson-dysphagia-inventory-among-japanese-patients
#8
Yuhei Matsuda, Manabu Kanazawa, Yuriko Komagamine, Masashi Yamashiro, Sumio Akifusa, Shunsuke Minakuchi
This study aimed to validate the Japanese version of a dysphagia-specific quality of life questionnaire, the MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI-J), and to verify trends between MDADI-J and Functional Oral Intake Scale (FOIS) scores. The original 20 MDADI items were translated using a forward-backward method following accepted cultural adaptation guidelines. Seventy-two patients with a history of head and neck cancer treatment completed the MDADI-J between October 2015 and August 2016. Concurrent validity was determined by correlations with the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30) and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Head and Neck 35 (EORTC QLQ-H&N35) instruments...
August 24, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833675/efficacy-of-oral-brush-biopsy-in-potentially-malignant-disorder-management
#9
M L Goodson, D R Smith, P J Thomson
BACKGROUND: Oral potentially malignant disorders (PMD) harbour unpredictable risk for squamous cell carcinoma development. Current management requires tissue biopsy for histopathology characterisation, dysplasia grading and targeted intervention to "high-risk" lesions, although evidence-based guidelines are limited and diagnoses subjective. This study investigated the use of adjunctive oral brush biopsy techniques during the management of PMD in a UK hospital population. METHODS: Retrospective review of a 310 PMD patient cohort presenting to Maxillofacial Surgery in Newcastle upon Tyne with new, single-site lesions between December 2009 and May 2014...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798906/cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#10
REVIEW
Rebecca Ichord
Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare but serious cerebrovascular disorder affecting children from the newborn period through childhood and adolescence. The incidence is estimated at 0.6/100,000/year, with 30-50% occurring in newborns. Causes are diverse and are highly age dependent. Acute systemic illness is the dominant risk factor among newborns. In childhood CSVT, acute infections of the head and neck such as mastoiditis are most common, followed by chronic underlying diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797451/post-operative-therapy-following-transoral-robotic-surgery-for-unknown-primary-cancers-of-the-head-and-neck
#11
Sapna A Patel, Aarthi Parvathaneni, Upendra Parvathaneni, Jeffrey J Houlton, Ron J Karni, Jay J Liao, Neal D Futran, Eduardo Méndez
OBJECTIVES: Our primary objective is to describe the post- operative management in patients with an unknown primary squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) treated with trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS). MATERIALS & METHODS: We conducted a retrospective multi-institutional case series including all patients diagnosed with an unknown primary HNSCC who underwent TORS to identify the primary site from January 1, 2010 to June 30, 2016. We excluded those with recurrent disease, ≤6months of follow up from TORS, previous history of radiation therapy (RT) to the head and neck, or evidence of primary tumor site based on previous biopsies...
September 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791923/disease-severity-at-presentation-in-patients-with-disease-related-mortality-from-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-implications-for-the-2015-ata-guidelines
#12
Eyal Robenshtok, Yuval Nachalon, Carlos Benbassat, Dania Hirsch, Ilan Shimon, Alon Grossman, Talia Diker-Cohen, Amit Akirov, Aharon Popovtzer
BACKGROUND: The current trend of less aggressive treatment of low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients was recently challenged by a study reporting >10% disease-related mortality (DRM) in low-risk patients ablated with radioiodine activities below 54 mCi. However, this study and others were limited by incomplete data on disease severity at presentation. Whether patients presenting with low-risk disease are at risk for disease-related mortality is crucial for planning current treatment strategies...
September 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766109/treatment-of-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-and-its-impact-on-a-patient-s-quality-of-life-a-single-center-10-year-experience-from-southern-italy
#13
Giacomo Oteri, Gianluca Trifirò, Matteo Peditto, Loredana Lo Presti, Ilaria Marcianò, Francesco Giorgianni, Janet Sultana, Antonia Marcianò
INTRODUCTION: No official guidelines are available for the management of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MR-ONJ). The additional benefit of surgery after pharmacological treatment is debated by both clinicians and patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in patients' MR-ONJ-related quality of life (QoL) after pharmacological treatment with or without surgery in a large cohort affected by MR-ONJ. METHODS: Anonymized data on patients diagnosed with MR-ONJ were extracted from the database of the Osteonecrosis of the Jaw Treatment Center (University of Messina, Italy) in the years 2005-2015...
August 1, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741723/analysis-of-the-incidence-and-factors-predictive-of-outcome-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-with-pulmonary-nodules
#14
Richard Green, Mark T Macmillan, Theofano Tikka, Lorna Bruce, John T Murchison, Iain J Nixon
BACKGROUND: The management of pulmonary nodules is challenging; unfortunately, little is known about the incidence and significance of pulmonary nodules in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: A review was conducted of 400 consecutive patients with head and neck cancer. Imaging was reviewed to identify the incidence of nodules and patient, tumor, and radiological factors associated with the risk of malignancy. RESULTS: Nodules were found in 58% of patients, with a malignant rate of 6%...
July 25, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741444/mild-pulmonary-emphysema-a-risk-factor-for-interstitial-lung-disease-when-using-cetuximab-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck
#15
Isaku Okamoto, Kiyoaki Tsukahara, Hiroki Sato, Ray Motohashi, Daisuke Yunaiyama, Akira Shimizu
BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an occasionally fatal adverse event associated with cetuximab (Cmab) therapy. Our objective was to clarify to what degree pulmonary emphysema is a risk factor in the treatment of head and neck cancer with Cmab through a retrospective analysis. METHODS: Subjects were 116 patients who were administered Cmab for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The degree of pulmonary emphysema before initiating treatment with Cmab was visually assessed retrospectively, with scoring according to the Goddard classification used in Japanese chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) guidelines for chest computed tomography (CT)...
July 25, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741416/american-joint-committee-on-cancer-eighth-edition-changes-in-staging-criteria-implications-for-data-collection
#16
Anirudh Saraswathula, Michelle Chen, Serban Negoita, Vasu Divi
The American Joint Committee on Cancer, in the eighth edition of its cancer staging manual, makes a number of changes to improve survival predictions in human malignancy. In this commentary, we examine the national collection of data for head and neck cancer. We outline and review the major changes made in head and neck cancer staging, identify the key data elements that will need to be collected with the new edition's criteria, and discuss the institutional adjustments currently being made to data collection under the new guidelines to improve the quality of data in our national cancer databases...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726971/an-environment-for-guideline-based-decision-support-systems-for%C3%A2-outpatients-monitoring
#17
Elisa M Zini, Giordano Lanzola, Paolo Bossi, Silvana Quaglini
OBJECTIVES: We propose an architecture for monitoring outpatients that relies on mobile technologies for acquiring data. The goal is to better control the onset of possible side effects between the scheduled visits at the clinic. METHODS: We analyze the architectural components required to ensure a high level of abstraction from data. Clinical practice guidelines were formalized with Alium, an authoring tool based on the PROforma language, using SNOMED-CT as a terminology standard...
July 19, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718590/-novelties-in-ent-2016
#18
Francis Marchal
These novelties in ENT were selected among more than 15'000 abstracts in the 2016 literature, and dedicated to the practioner Guidelines of the American Academy of ORL will resume the attitude towards chronic otitis media, and reviews of hearing impairment and tinnitus are presented, as well as impact of the pneumoccal vaccine on otitis media. In rhinology, the flora of chronic rhinosinusitis and its non surgical treatments will be discussed, as well as epistaxis and malignant tumor series. 17 Diseases dignanosed only with exhaled air will be also reported...
March 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707205/knowledge-and-preferences-of-primary-care-providers-in-delivering-head-and-neck-cancer-survivorship-care
#19
Callie Berkowitz, Deborah H Allen, Jennifer Tenhover, Leah L Zullig, John Ragsdale, Jonathan E Fischer, Kathryn I Pollak, Bridget F Koontz
Long-term care for head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors is complex and requires coordination among multiple providers. Clinical practice guidelines highlight the role of primary care providers (PCPs) in screening for secondary cancer/recurrence, assessment of late/long-term side effects, and referrals for appropriate specialty management of toxicity. However, these responsibilities may be difficult to meet within the scope of primary care practice. We conducted this study to explore preferences, comfort, and knowledge of PCPs in the care of HNC survivors...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707167/supportive-care-for-patients-undergoing-immunotherapy
#20
Bernardo Leon Rapoport, Ronwyn van Eeden, Vincent Sibaud, Joel B Epstein, Jean Klastersky, Matti Aapro, Devan Moodley
Immune checkpoint inhibitors, a new class of cancer therapeutic agents, play an important role in the management of melanoma, NSCLC, and other malignancies. A workshop organized by three MASCC Study Groups: Oral Care, Skin Toxicities, and Neutropenia, Infection, and Myelosuppression during the MASCC Annual Meeting held in Adelaide, Australia on 23-25 June, 2016 focused on the new class of anti-cancer therapeutic agents. Topics in the workshop included the mechanism of action and clinical uses of immune anti-CTL4 and anti-PD1 antibodies, checkpoint inhibitor toxicities, including skin adverse events, gastrointestinal toxicities, oral complications, pulmonary toxicities, and endocrinological and immune-related infections...
July 13, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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