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layered double hydroxide

Reza Pourfaraj, Seyed Jamilaldin Fatemi, Sayed Yahya Kazemi, Pourya Biparva
Hexagonal mesoporous MgAl layered double hydroxide (LDH) was synthesized through a simple hydrothermal method and was employed without calcination as adsorbent in the removal of the direct anionic azo dye, Brilliant Yellow (BY). The adsorbent was characterized by XRD, FT-IR, SEM and BET surface area. Hexagonal platelets of MgAl LDH were fabricated with nanometric building blocks. Batch experiments were carried out for study effects of contact time, amount of adsorbent, solution pH and solution temperature on the removal efficiency of BY...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ayasha Nadeema, Vishal M Dhavale, Sreekumar Kurungot
Herein, we report a facile solvothermal process to synthesize an active electrocatalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in an alkaline medium by anchoring nanosheets of a NiZn double hydroxide over nitrogen doped reduced graphene oxide after enriching the system with the γ-NiOOH phase. This catalyst possesses a thin, porous and open layered structure, which makes the system more efficient and accessible for a better electrochemical water oxidation reaction. Moreover, we experimentally demonstrated that incorporation of Zn via a single-step solvothermal method provides an easy approach to obtain plenty of exposed γ-NiOOH phases to make the system more viable for OER with a small overpotential of 290 mV at 10 mA cm(-2) and a Tafel slope of 44 mV per decade...
August 18, 2017: Nanoscale
Xingshu Li, Bi-Yuan Zheng, Mei-Rong Ke, Yongfan Zhang, Jian-Dong Huang, Juyoung Yoon
A major challenge in photodynamic therapy (PDT) is the development of new tumor-targeting photosensitizers. The tumor-specific activation is considered to be an effective strategy for designing these photosensitizers. Herein, we describe a novel tumor-pH-responsive supramolecular photosensitizer, LDH-ZnPcS8, which is not photoactive under neutral conditions but is precisely and efficiently activated in a slightly acidic environment (pH 6.5). LDH-ZnPcS8 is prepared by using a simple coprecipitation method based on the electrostatic interaction between negatively charged octasulfonate-modified zinc(II) phthalocyanine (ZnPcS8) and cationic hydroxide layers of layered double hydroxide (LDH)...
2017: Theranostics
Xiaolan Zhao, Shirong Qiang, Hanyu Wu, Yunbo Yang, Dadong Shao, Linchuan Fang, Jianjun Liang, Ping Li, Qiaohui Fan
The sorption mechanism of nickel (Ni) at the illite/water interface was investigated using batch, sorption modelling, extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), and extraction approaches. The results showed that Ni(II) sorption on illite was strongly dependent on pH, contact time, temperature, and initial Ni(II) concentration. At a low initial Ni(II) concentration, the ion exchange species of ≡X2Ni° and the inner-sphere complexes including ≡S(s)ONi(+), ≡S(w)ONi(+) and ≡S(w)ONiOH° species are observed on the sorption edges of Ni(II) on illite...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Feng Peng, Donghui Wang, Yaxin Tian, Huiliang Cao, Yuqin Qiao, Xuanyong Liu
In recent years, magnesium (Mg) alloys show a promising application in clinic as degradable biomaterials. Nevertheless, the poor corrosion resistance of Mg alloys is the main obstacle to their clinical application. Here we successfully seal the pores of plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) coating on AZ31 with Mg-Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) via hydrothermal treatment. PEO/LDH composite coating possess a two layer structure, an inner layer made up of PEO coating (~5 μm) and an outer layer of Mg-Al LDH (~2 μm)...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Xue Bai, Jingyuan Liu, Qi Liu, Rongrong Chen, Xiaoyan Jing, Bin Li, Jun Wang
Rational design of transition metal layered double hydroxide and graphene composite are vital important for designing high-performance supercapacitor electrodes. Although various methods have been performed, however, the realization of high-performance is still impeded by the agglomeration of graphene and layered double hydroxide. Here, metal-organic frameworks derived cobalt-cobalt layered double hydroxide (Co-Co LDH) hollow nanocages uniformly deposited on graphene nanosheets, are fabricated via facile in-situ co-deposition and thermal ion-exchange reaction...
August 15, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Wei Zhou, Chenlu Wang, Yikun Liu, Wenpeng Zhang, Zilin Chen
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) are ideal sorbents for solid phase extraction (SPE) because of the excellent ion exchange capacity and high specific surface area. However, difficult elution of the analytes from the LDHs is a problem due to the strong ionic interaction between anions and LDHs. High concentrated NaOH solution is employed to elute the sample, but it not suitable for analyzing by HPLC. To solve this problem, a simple acid-base neutralization method was proposed after elution, and then the neutral samples were directly injected to HPLC for analysis...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Diego R Gondim, Juan A Cecilia, Santângela O Santos, Thainá N B Rodrigues, José E Aguiar, Enrique Vilarrasa-García, Enrique Rodríguez-Castellón, Diana C S Azevedo, Ivanildo J Silva
The adsorption of human immunoglobulin G (IgG) and human serum albumin (HSA) on a non-calcined Mg-Al layered double hydroxide (3:1 Mg-Al LDH) was studied in batch and fixed bed experiments, focusing on the effect of buffer solution and pH over sorbent uptake. Mg-Al LDH was synthesized and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms at -196°C, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Zero point charge (pHzpc), particle size distribution and Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR)...
August 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
A Soussou, I Gammoudi, A Kalboussi, C Grauby-Heywang, T Cohen-Bouhacina, Z M Baccar
Hybrid thin films based on Hydrocalumite (Ca2AlCl layered double hydroxide LDH) and tyrosinase enzyme have been used for the elaboration of a high sensitive amperometric biosensor detecting polyphenols extracted from green tea. Structural properties of LDH nanomaterials were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction and Infra-Red spectroscopy, confirming its crystalline phase and chemical composition. Ca2AlCl-LDHs-thin films were deposited by spin-coating, and studied by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) to obtain information about the surface morphology of this host matrix before and after enzyme's immobilization...
August 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
Lijiao Ma, Saiful M Islam, Chengliang Xiao, Jing Zhao, Hongyun Liu, Mengwei Yuan, Genban Sun, Huifeng Li, Shulan Ma, Mercouri G Kanatzidis
We demonstrate fast, highly efficient concurrent removal of toxic oxoanions of Se(VI) (SeO42-) and Se(IV) (SeO32-/HSeO3‾) and heavy metal ions of Hg2+, Cu2+ and Cd2+ by the MoS42- intercalated Mg/Al layered double hydroxide (MgAl-MoS4-LDH, abbr. MoS4-LDH). Using the MoS4-LDH as an adsorbent, we observe that the presence of Hg2+ ions greatly promotes the capture of SeO42-, while the three metal ions (Hg2+, Cu2+, Cd2+) enable a remarkable improvement in the removal of SeO32-/HSeO3‾. For the pair Se(VI)+Hg2+, the MoS4-LDH exhibits outstanding removal rates (> 99...
August 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Fateme Fayyazbakhsh, Mehran Solati-Hashjin, Abbas Keshtkar, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Mohammad Mehdi Dehghan, Bagher Larijani
Incorporating the controlled release of vitamin D3 (VD3) into biodegradable porous scaffolds is a new approach to equipping multifunctional therapeutics for osteoporosis. The current investigation involves the encapsulation of VD3 into gelatin through the one-step desolvation method. The layered double hydroxides-hydroxyapatite nanocomposite (LDH-HAp) and pure LDH were combined with the gelatin-VD3 complex to reinforce the porous biodegradable structure and enhance the biological response. Afterwards, glutaraldehyde was used to form crosslinks within the gelatin chains...
July 3, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Luhong Zhang, Li Li, Xiaoming Sun, Peng Liu, Dongfang Yang, Xiusong Zhao
In this work, a ZnO-layered double hydroxide@graphitic carbon nitride composite (ZnO-LDH@C₃N₄) was synthesized via co-precipitation method with solvothermal treatment. The structure and morphology of ZnO-LDH@C₃N₄ composite were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopes/transmission electron microscopes (SEM/TEM), N₂ adsorption/desorption, ultraviolet visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-Vis-DRS), photoluminescence spectrometer (PL) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)...
November 15, 2016: Materials
Han-Seung Lee, Jin-Ho Park, Jitendra Kumar Singh, Mohamed A Ismail
Waste water treatment reservoirs are contaminated with many hazardous chemicals and acids. Reservoirs typically comprise concrete and reinforcement steel bars, and the main elements responsible for their deterioration are hazardous chemicals, acids, and ozone. Currently, a variety of techniques are being used to protect reservoirs from exposure to these elements. The most widely used techniques are stainless steel plating and polymeric coating. In this study, a technique known as arc thermal spraying was used...
September 3, 2016: Materials
Junsheng Wu, Dongdong Peng, Yuntao He, Xiaoqiong Du, Zhan Zhang, Bowei Zhang, Xiaogang Li, Yizhong Huang
A layered double hydroxide (LDH) film was formed in situ on aluminum alloy 2024 through a urea hydrolysis method, and a decavanadate-intercalated LDH (LDH-V) film fabricated through the dip coating method. The microstructural and morphological characteristics were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The corrosion-resistant performance was analyzed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), and a salt-spray test (SST).The SEM results showed that a complete and defect-free surface was formed on the LDH-VS film...
April 18, 2017: Materials
Canlin Zhang, Jianying Yu, Lihui Xue, Yubin Sun
γ-(2,3-Epoxypropoxy)propyltrimethoxy silane surface modified layered double hydroxides (KH560-LDHs) were prepared and used to improve the ultraviolet ageing resistance of asphalt. The results of X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS) indicated that KH560 has been successfully grafted onto the surface of LDHs. The agglomeration of LDHs particles notably reduced after KH560 surface modification according to scanning electron microscopy (SEM), which implied that the KH560 surface modification was helpful to promote the dispersibility of LDHs in asphalt...
January 19, 2017: Materials
Yuanman Ni, Lihua Yao, Yin Wang, Bing Liu, Minhua Cao, Changwen Hu
The oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is a vital half-reaction in water splitting and metal-air batteries. Developing earth-abundant, highly efficient and durable OER catalysts has faced huge challenges until now, because OER is a strict kinetic sluggish process. Herein, we report the construction of hierarchically porous graphitized carbon (HPGC) supported NiFe layered double hydroxides (LDHs) with a core-shell structure (denoted as HPGC@NiFe) by a facile strategy. The HPGC was first obtained by pyrolysing phenolic resin nanospheres with FeCl3 and ZnCl2 as the catalyst and the activator, respectively...
August 3, 2017: Nanoscale
Jingfang Yu, Qiang Wang, Dermot O'Hare, Luyi Sun
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) with their highly flexible and tunable chemical composition and physical properties have attracted tremendous attention in recent years. LDHs have found widespread application as catalysts, anion exchange materials, fire retardants, and nano-fillers in polymer nanocomposites. The ability to exfoliate LDHs into ultrathin nanosheets enables a range of new opportunities for multifunctional materials. In this review we summarize the current available LDH exfoliation methods. In particular, we highlight recent developments for the direct synthesis of single-layer LDH nanosheets, as well as the emerging applications of LDH nanosheets in catalyzing oxygen evolution reactions and preparing light emitting devices, supercapacitors, and flame retardant nanocomposites...
August 2, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
Dezhi Yang, Xiaolan Li, Dongling Meng, Meng Wang, Yaling Yang
A magnesium-aluminum layered double hydroxides coated on magnetic nanoparticles (Fe3O4@MgAl-LDHs NPs) combined with the supramolecular solvents (SUPRASs) as the magnetic supramolecular fluids were successfully applied to the extraction and determination of four phenolic compounds (Bisphenol-A (BPA), bisphenol-AF (BPAF), tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBPA) and 4-tert-octylphenol (4-TOP)). Magnetic supramolecular fluids (ferrofluids) composites were prepared through adding the mixture of n-octanol and tetrahydrofuran in distilled water as the supramolecular solvents into the solution containing magnetic Fe3O4@MgAl-LDHs NPs...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Huali Zuo, Weiyu Chen, Bei Li, Kewei Xu, Helen Cooper, Zi Gu, Zhi Ping Xu
Multifunctional nanoparticles for cancer theranosis have been widely explored for effective cancer detection and therapy. In this research, dually functionalised manganese-based layered double hydroxide nanoparticles (Mn-LDHs) have been examined as an effective anticancer drug/gene delivery system and T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) modality for brain cancer theranostics. Such Mn-LDHs have been shown to accommodate dsDNA/siRNAs and efficiently deliver to Neuro-2a cells (N2a). Mn-LDHs have also shown high biocompatibility with low cytotoxicity...
August 1, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Wen Yao, Jian Wang, Pengyi Wang, Xiangxue Wang, Shujun Yu, Yidong Zou, Jing Hou, Tasawar Hayat, Ahmed Alsaedi, Xiangke Wang
With the extensive application of graphene oxide (GO), it is noticeable that part of GO is directly/indirectly released into the environment and widespread research indicated that it had adverse influences on human health and ecological balance. In this work, a novel nanobelt-like Ca/Al layered double hydroxides (CA-LDH) was synthesized and applied as efficient coagulant for the removal of GO from aqueous solutions. The results indicated that neutral pH, co-existing cations and higher temperature were beneficial to the coagulation of GO...
July 29, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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