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layered double hydroxide

Huishan Shang, Kecheng Pan, Lu Zhang, Bing Zhang, Xu Xiang
To improve the activities of non-noble metal catalysts is highly desirable and valuable to the reduced use of noble metal resources. In this work, the supported nickel (Ni) and nickel-platinum (NiPt) nanocatalysts were derived from a layered double hydroxide/carbon composite precursor. The catalysts were characterized and the role of Pt was analysed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) mapping, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques...
June 4, 2016: Nanomaterials
Jiupeng Cao, Yifan Zhao, Yatong Zhu, Xiaoyu Yang, Peng Shi, Hongdi Xiao, Na Du, Wanguo Hou, Genggeng Qi, Jianqiang Liu
The present study reports a new type of quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs) using the zinc tin mixed metal oxides (MMO) as the anode materials, which were obtained from the layered double hydroxide (LDH) precursor. The successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method is applied to deposit CdS quantum dots. The effects of sensitizing cycles on the performance of CdS QDSSC are studied. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) are used to identify the surface profile and crystal structure of the mixed metal oxides anode...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Shifeng Li, Fang Qi, Min Xiao, Hongtao Fan, Yanming Shen, Kaige Du, Zhigang Zhang, Wenxiu Li
Mg-Al layered double hydroxides (LDHs) adsorbent was synthesized in situ on γ-Al2O3 for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. The material was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electronic microscopy and thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis. Compared to the LDHs powder, the calcined LDHs sorbent prepared in situ on γ-Al2O3 had higher specific surface area and was easy to recover and reuse. The adsorptive capacity for removing Cr(VI) from aqueous solution was resulting from the memory effect of LDHs based on the XRD results...
March 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Huibo Chi, Yan Gu, Tingting Xu, Feng Cao
To study the cellular uptake mechanism of multifunctional organic-inorganic hybrid nanoparticles and nanosheets, new chitosan-glutathione-valine-valine-layered double hydroxide (CG-VV-LDH) nanosheets with active targeting to peptide transporter-1 (PepT-1) were prepared, characterized and further compared with CG-VV-LDH nanoparticles. Both organic-inorganic hybrid nanoparticles and nanosheets showed a sustained release in vitro and prolonged precorneal retention time in vivo, but CG-VV-LDH nanoparticles showed superior permeability in the isolated cornea of rabbits than CG-VV-LDH nanosheets...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
J L Zhang, Changdong Gu, Jiangping Tu
Biomimetic slippery liquid-infused porous surfaces (SLIPSs) are developed as a potential alternative to superhydrophobic surfaces (SHSs) to resolve the issues of poor durability in corrosion protection and susceptibility to frosting. Herein, we fabricated a double-layered SLIPS coating on the AZ31 Mg alloy for corrosion protection and anti-icing application. The porous top layer was infused by lubricant and the compact under layer was utilized as a corrosion barrier. The water-repellent SLIPS coating exhibits a small sliding angle and durable corrosion resistance compared with the SHS coating...
March 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Liang Shen, Xiuli Jiang, Zheng Chen, Dun Fu, Qingbiao Li, Tong Ouyang, Yuanpeng Wang
Layered double hydroxides (LDHs) intercalated with amino acids such as methionine (Met) were synthesized as new adsorbents to remediate arsenic-polluted water. This Zn2Al-Met-LDHs, identified with the formula of Zn0.7Al0.3(OH)2(Met)0.3·0.32H2O, has good thermal stability. Adsorption experiments with Zn2Al-Met-LDHs showed that the residual arsenic in solution could be reduced below the regulation limit, and this adsorption process fitted Langmuir isotherm and the pseudo-second-order kinetics well. A remarkably high removal efficiency and the maximum adsorption capacity for As(III) were achieved, 96...
February 21, 2017: Chemosphere
Yi Jia, Longzhou Zhang, Guoping Gao, Hua Chen, Bei Wang, Jizhi Zhou, Mun Teng Soo, Min Hong, Xuecheng Yan, Guangren Qian, Jin Zou, Aijun Du, Xiangdong Yao
Herein, the authors demonstrate a heterostructured NiFe LDH-NS@DG10 hybrid catalyst by coupling of exfoliated Ni-Fe layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanosheet (NS) and defective graphene (DG). The catalyst has exhibited extremely high electrocatalytic activity for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) in an alkaline solution with an overpotential of 0.21 V at a current density of 10 mA cm(-2) , which is comparable to the current record (≈0.20 V in Fe-Co-Ni metal-oxide-film system) and superior to all other non-noble metal catalysts...
March 3, 2017: Advanced Materials
A Kuznetsova, P M Domingues, T Silva, A Almeida, M L Zheludkevich, J Tedim, M G S Ferreira, A Cunha
AIMS: The objective of this work was to assess the antibacterial effect of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole (MBT), used as model-biocide, immobilized in a layered double hydroxide (LDH) structure, under different conditions of pH and salinity, envisaging possible applications of the system in active antifouling and anticorrosion coatings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Biological effects of MBT immobilized in LDH were assessed by monitoring bacterial bioluminescence of cell suspensions of either Allivibrio fischeri or a recombinant strain of Escherichia coli, as a proxy for bacterial activity...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Peilei He, Xin-Yao Yu, Xiong Wen David Lou
Hollow nanostructures have attracted increasing research interest in electrochemical energy storage and conversion owing to their unique structural features. However, the synthesis of hollow nanostructured metal phosphides, especially nonspherical hollow nanostructures, is rarely reported. Herein, we develop a metal-organic framework (MOF)-based strategy to synthesize carbon incorporated Ni-Co mixed metal phosphide nanoboxes (denoted as NiCoP/C). The oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is selected as a demonstration to investigate the electrochemical performance of the NiCoP/C nanoboxes...
February 28, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Ahmet Nedim Ay, Hande Akar, Adnana Zaulet, Clara Viňas, Francesc Teixidor, Birgul Zumreoglu-Karan
Carborane-intercalated layered double hydroxide nanohybrids (CB-LDH) and a magnesium ferrite (MF) supported-CB-LDH core-shell nanocomposite (CB-LDH@MF) are reported. The preparation of nanohybrids were carried out by exchanging the interlayer nitrate groups of Mg-Al-NO3-LDH with monothiol-o-carborane (SCB), 1-methyl-2-carboxyl-o-carborane (MeCB), 1-phenyl-2-carboxyl-o-carborane (PhCB) and 1,12-dicarboxyl-p-carborane (COOHCB) molecules. A magnetic core-shell nanocomposite was further prepared by supporting the COOHCB-LDH nanohybrid on MF nanoparticles...
February 22, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Chunsheng Lei, Meng Pi, Panyong Kuang, Yingqing Guo, Fenge Zhang
Hierarchically porous nickel-iron-layered double hydroxide (NiFe-LDH) with a Ni(2+)/Fe(3+) molar ratio of 3 was successfully synthesised through a simple hydrothermal route. After calcination at 400°C, NiFe-LDH transformed into nickel-iron-layered double oxides (NiFe-LDO). The as-prepared samples were characterised through X-ray powder diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and nitrogen adsorption...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Xueyi Mei, Qinghua Yan, Peng Lu, Junya Wang, Yuhan Cui, Yu Nie, Ahmad Umar, Qiang Wang
Pt/K2CO3/MgAlOx-reduced graphene oxide (Pt/K/MgAlOx-rGO) hybrids were synthesized, characterized and tested as a promising NOx storage and reduction (NSR) catalyst. Mg-Al layered double hydroxides (LDHs) were grown on rGO via in situ hydrothermal crystallization. The structure and morphology of samples were thoroughly characterized using various techniques. Isothermal NOx adsorption tests indicated that MgAlOx-rGO hybrid exhibited better NOx trapping performance than MgAlOx, from 0.44 to 0.61 mmol · g(-1), which can be attributed to the enhanced particle dispersion and stabilization...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jianguo Sun, Yuan Lei, Zhaoxing Dai, Xi Liu, Taomin Huang, Jihong Wu, Zhi Ping Xu, Xinghuai Sun
A novel layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanoparticle/thermogel composite drug delivery system (DDS) for sustained release of brimonidine (Bri) has been designed, prepared, and characterized in this study for treatment of severe glaucoma. Brimonidine is first loaded onto LDH (Bri@LDH) nanoparticles, which are then dispersed in the thermogel consisting of plenty of micelles based on poly(dl-lactic acid-co-coglycolic acid)-polyethylene glycol-poly(dl-lactic acid-co-coglycolic acid) (PLGA-PEG-PLGA) copolymer. The Bri@LDH/Thermogel DDS containing 125...
February 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Muhammad Sajid, Chanbasha Basheer, Muhammad Daud, Abdulnaser Alsharaa
In this work, the potential of layered double hydroxide/graphene (LDH-G) hybrid as a sorbent for extraction and preconcentration of fifteen organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in urine samples was evaluated. The LDH-G hybrid was synthesized by co-precipitation method and it was then characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The sorbent was then employed in membrane-protected stir-bar supported micro-solid-phase extraction (SB-μ-SPE) of OCPs in urine samples...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
M A Ahmed, A A Brick, A A Mohamed
A new approach for removal of indigo carmine blue (IC) dye which is extensively used in jeans manufacture was successfully performed on novel mesoporous [LDH] nanoparticles prepared by sol-gel route using CTAB as shape and pore directing agent. The physicochemical features were monitored by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transformer infra-red (FTIR), N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm, Field emission electron microscope (FESEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). The influence of reaction parameters affecting dye adsorption including contact time, initial dye concentration, pH and temperature were investigated...
May 2017: Chemosphere
Yufeng Zhou, Haijiao Zheng, Jiutong Ma, Qiong Jia
In the present study, a novel poly(acrylamide-co-N-isopropylacrylamide-co-ethylene dimethacrylate) monolithic column modified with saline-modified delaminated layered double hydroxides was developed and exploited as the stationary phase in polymer monolith microextraction of β-agonists. Transmission electron microscopy, FTIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and thermal gravimetric analysis with derivative thermogravimetric determination were employed to characterize the monoliths...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Cheng-Peng Li, Bo-Lan Liu, Lei Wang, Yue Liu, Jia-Yue Tian, Chun-Sen Liu, Miao Du
To avoid the instability and inefficiency for anion-exchange resins and layered double-hydroxides materials, we present herein a flexible coordination network [Ag(L(243))](NO3)(H2O)(CH3CN) (L(243) = 3-(2-pyridyl)-4-(4-pyridyl)-5-(3-pyridyl)-1,2,4-triazole) with superefficient trapping capacity for permanganate, as a group-7 oxoanion model for radiotoxic pertechnetate pollutant. Furthermore, a high-throughput screening strategy has been developed based on concentration-gradient design principle to ascertain the process and mechanism for anion exchange...
March 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Li Yan, Zhigang Wang, Xianfeng Chen, Xiao-Jun Gou, Zhenyu Zhang, Xiaoyue Zhu, Minhuan Lan, Wei Chen, Guangyu Zhu, Wenjun Zhang
In using nanomaterials for advanced photodynamic therapy, it is important to improve surface modification to increase stability, minimize non-specific loss of drugs in blood circulation, enhance the photostability of photosensitizers, and achieve highly efficient intracellular uptake. In this report, we for the first time covalently conjugate photosensitizer Chlorin e6 (Ce6) to polyethylene glycol modified layered double hydroxides and produce hybrid nanoflakes. These nanoflakes display many superior characteristics and lead to excellent in vivo photodynamic therapeutic efficiency and safety profiles...
February 6, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Gailing Huang, Yingying Sun, Chencong Zhao, Yifei Zhao, Zhaoyuan Song, Junli Chen, Shulan Ma, Junping Du, Zhigang Yin
In this study, water-n-BuOH mixed solvents were used to synthesize the ZnAl-layered double hydroxides (ZnAl-LDHs) via hydrothermal method. The XRD, FT-IR, SEM, ICP and CHN analyses revealed that the type of intercalated anions, the layer Zn/Al ratios, and morphologies of the LDHs depended on the ratio of V(water)/V(n-BuOH) in the mixed solvents. When the ratio of V(water)/V(n-BuOH) is 3 or 0.3, the as-prepared LDHs had 3D "silk flowers" (ZnAl-LDH-3) or "Sedimentary rock" morphology (ZnAl-LDH-0.3). Adsorption properties of dyes on calcined LDHs were studied...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Shanyue Guan, Ruizheng Liang, Chunyang Li, Min Wei
Recently, how to design a formulation system with simultaneous diagnosis and therapy toward cancer has attracted tremendous attention. Herein, a supramolecular material was prepared via a facile method by the co-intercalation of folic acid (FA) and doxorubicin (DOX) into the gallery of Gd(3+)-doped layered double hydroxides (LDHs), followed by surface adsorption of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC). This supramolecular agent was proved to exhibit excellent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and fluorescence imaging (FI) behavior, as well as chemotherapy toward cancer (KB cell)...
April 1, 2017: Talanta
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