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IgG4 mediated renal diseases

Wei Zhang, Jeffrey H Glaze, David Wynne
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized immune-mediated multisystemic disease characterized by a fibro-inflammatory condition with tissue infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells and often associated with elevated serum IgG4 levels. Typical renal involvement of IgG4-RD presents as tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN), membranous or membranoproliferative nephropathy. We are presenting a case with combined IgG4 membranous nephropathy and TIN, as well as a literature review on pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of IgG4-RD...
February 1, 2018: CEN Case Reports
Maurizio Salvadori, Aris Tsalouchos
This review will encompass definition, pathogenesis, renal clinical manifestations and treatment of immunoglobulin G4-related diseases (IgG4-RDs). IgG4-RD is a recently recognized clinical entity that often involves multiple organs and is characterized by high levels of serum immunoglobulins G4, dense infiltration of IgG4+ cells and storiform fibrosis. Cellular immunity, particularly T-cell mediated immunity, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of IgG4-RDs. The most frequent renal manifestations of IgG4-RD are IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis, membranous glomerulopathy and obstructive nephropathy secondary to urinary tract obstruction due to IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis...
January 6, 2018: World Journal of Nephrology
Smita Mary Matthai, Anjali Mohapatra, Raiyani Palak, Gopal Basu
Immunoglobulin G4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis (IgG4-TIN) is a newly recognized clinicopathological entity characterized by a dense interstitial infiltrate of IgG4-positive plasma cells accompanied by fibrosis and obliterative phlebitis causing acute or chronic renal dysfunction amenable to corticosteroid therapy. IgG4-TIN is the dominant manifestation of renal involvement in IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) which is a novel, immune-mediated, fibroinflammatory and multiorgan disorder. We describe a case of IgG4-TIN with isolated renal involvement in an elderly male patient with poor response to corticosteroid therapy...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
S Bhardwaj, S Goyal, A K Yadav, A Goyal
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a multisystemic mass forming immune-mediated disease entity, commonly creating confusion and diagnostic challenges. We present a case of a 25-year-old female who presented with bilateral orbital masses, lymphadenopathy, paraspinal and renal masses, which clinicoradiologically simulated lymphoma. The lymph node biopsy revealed interfollicular sheets of plasma cells creating confusion with Castleman's disease and marginal zone lymphoma. The orbital biopsy revealed ductular destruction, periductular plasma cells, and fibrosis, mimicking Sjogren's syndrome and Castleman's disease...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
Ke Zheng, Fei Teng, Xue-Mei Li
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized clinical entity that often involves multiple organs; it is characterized by high levels of serum immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4), dense infiltration of IgG4+ cells, and storiform fibrosis. Cellular immunity, particularly T cell-mediated immunity, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of IgG4-RD. The most frequent renal manifestations of IgG4-RD are IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis, membranous glomerulonephropathy (MGN), and obstructive nephropathy secondary to urinary tract obstruction due to IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis, prostatitis, or ureter inflammation...
September 2017: Chronic diseases and translational medicine
Daniele Bianchi, Luca Topazio, Gabriele Gaziev, Valerio Iacovelli, Pierluigi Bove, Alessandro Mauriello, Enrico Finazzi Agrò
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a nosological entity defined as a chronic immune-mediated fibro-inflammatory condition characterized by a tendency to form tumefactive, tissue-destructive lesions or by organ failure. Urologic involvement in IgG4-RD has been described in some short series of patients and in isolated case reports, most often involving the kidneys in so-called IgG4-related kidney disease (IgG4-RKD). The disease can occasionally mimic malignancies and is at risk of being misdiagnosed due to its rarity...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
Andrew Smith, Vincenzo L'Imperio, Elena Ajello, Franco Ferrario, Niccolò Mosele, Martina Stella, Manuel Galli, Clizia Chinello, Federico Pieruzzi, Goce Spasovski, Fabio Pagni, Fulvio Magni
Membranous Nephropathy (MN) is an immunocomplex mediated renal disease that represents one of the most frequent glomerulopathies worldwide. This glomerular disease can manifest as primary (idiopathic) or secondary and this distinction is crucial when choosing the most appropriate course of treatment. In secondary cases, the best strategy involves treating the underlying disease, whereas in primary forms, the identification of confirmatory markers of the idiopathic etiology underlining the process is requested by clinicians...
July 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Tao Peng, Zhao Hu, Tingting Xie, Baodong Jiang, Junhui Zhen, Xiangdong Yang
INTRODUCTION: IgG4-related disease was first reported in 2001 and was officially named in 2010. It is now considered as a systemic disease that might affect any organ system. The characteristic pathological changes of IgG4-related disease are extensive infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells. IgG4-related disease is a kind of benign lesions, but there has not been well-defined standard treatment so far. Patients usually respond well to corticosteroids. The prognosis of IgG4-related disease is perhaps good as long as early detection and treatment...
2016: SpringerPlus
Augusto Vaglio, Federica Maritati
Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF), reviewed herein, is a rare fibro-inflammatory disease that develops around the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries, and spreads into the adjacent retroperitoneum, where it frequently causes ureteral obstruction and renal failure. The clinical phenotype of RPF is complex, because it can be associated with fibro-inflammatory disorders involving other organs, is considered part of the spectrum of IgG4-related disease, and often arises in patients with other autoimmune conditions...
July 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Frank B Cortazar, John H Stone
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic fibroinflammatory condition that involves almost every organ system. In this Review, we summarize current knowledge of IgG4-RD and its most frequent manifestations in the kidney—IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) and membranous glomerulonephropathy (MGN). Diagnosis of IgG4-RD relies on histopathology: the typical features are a dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate and storiform fibrosis. A high percentage of plasma cells observed within lesions stain positively for IgG4...
October 2015: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
A A Kurien, A Raychaudhury, P D Walker
IgG4-related disease, a newly described immune-mediated disorder with tissue infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells, has been reported in nearly every organ. In the kidney, it manifests as IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) but may also present as membranous nephropathy. We report a patient with IgG4 renal disease who had membranous nephropathy as well as TIN.
May 2015: Indian Journal of Nephrology
Gustavo Savino, Remo Battendieri, Andrea Siniscalco, Erika Mandarà, Antonino Mulè, Gianluigi Petrone, Salvatore Traina, Monica Riso
To analyze the clinical and histopathological effects of low doses of intraorbital and intralesional Rituximab (RTX) in three patients affected by idiopathic orbital inflammatory syndrome (IOIS). Three patients with IOIS were enrolled, all of whom underwent lesion biopsy to confirm the diagnosis, complete blood examinations (thyroid function tests, complete blood cell count, fasting blood glucose, liver and renal function tests, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, serum ACE, C-reactive protein, rheumatoid factor, antinuclear antibody, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody, serum IGg4 level tests) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
January 2015: Rheumatology International
Kazuro Chiba, Terumi Kamisawa, Taku Tabata, Seiichi Hara, Sawako Kuruma, Takashi Fujiwara, Go Kuwata, Hideto Egashira, Koichi Koizumi, Satomi Koizumi, Junko Fujiwara, Takeo Arakawa, Kumiko Momma, Keigo Setoguchi, Mitsuru Shinohara
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the clinical characteristics of IgG4-related retroperitoneal fibrosis (RF). METHODS: IgG4-related RF was diagnosed when all of the following three criteria were fulfilled: retroperitoneal soft tissue masses surrounding the aorta and/or adjacent tissues, elevation of the serum IgG4 levels, and abundant infiltration of IgG4-positive plasma cells in at least one organ or site. Ten patients were diagnosed as having IgG4-related RF. RESULTS: The mean age at diagnosis was 70...
2013: Internal Medicine
Mariam P Alexander, Christopher P Larsen, Ian W Gibson, Samih H Nasr, Sanjeev Sethi, Mary E Fidler, Yassaman Raissian, Naoki Takahashi, Suresh Chari, Thomas C Smyrk, Lynn D Cornell
IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic immune-mediated disease that typically manifests as fibro-inflammatory masses that can affect nearly any organ system. Renal involvement by IgG4-RD usually takes the form of IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis, but cases of membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) have also been described. Here we present a series of 9 patients (mean age at diagnosis 58 years) with MGN associated with IgG4-RD. All patients showed MGN on biopsy, presented with proteinuria (mean 8...
March 2013: Kidney International
Lynn D Cornell
IgG4-related kidney disease is a term that refers to any form of renal involvement by IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), a recently recognized systemic immune-mediated disease. The most common renal manifestation is IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis (IgG4-TIN), which presents as acute or chronic renal insufficiency, renal mass lesions, or both. On biopsy, IgG4-TIN shows a plasma cell-rich interstitial inflammatory infiltrate with increased IgG4+ plasma cells, along with expansile interstitial fibrosis; tubular basement membrane immune complex deposits are common...
November 2012: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Leal C Herlitz, Andrew S Bomback, Glen S Markowitz, M Barry Stokes, R Neal Smith, Robert B Colvin, Gerald B Appel, Vivette D D'Agati
Eculizumab might benefit C3 glomerulopathies mediated by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway. Here, we report renal biopsy findings before and after eculizumab therapy in three patients with dense deposit disease and two with C3 GN. All pretreatment biopsies had glomerular and tubular basement membrane deposits that stained exclusively for C3 without significant Ig. After 1 year of therapy, there was reduction in active glomerular proliferation and neutrophil infiltration in three of five patients, consistent with effective C5 blockade, which prevents production of chemotactin C5a...
July 2012: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Ben Sprangers, Pieter Lioen, Björn Meijers, Evelyne Lerut, Joke Meersschaert, Daniel Blockmans, Kathleen Claes
Pulmonary-renal syndrome is a common and serious disorder with a broad differential diagnosis. We describe a case of a middle-aged man presenting with interstitial pulmonary disease and severe renal impairment caused by a hypocomplementemic immune-complex-mediated interstitial nephritis. Serum levels of IgG4 were elevated, and renal biopsy specimens revealed the presence of interstitial IgG4(+) plasma cells. There was a rapid improvement of both pulmonary and renal abnormalities after the initiation of corticosteroids...
September 2011: Chest
Sönke Detlefsen, Jan Hinrich Bräsen, Giuseppe Zamboni, Paola Capelli, Günter Klöppel
AIMS: Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a type of pancreatitis whose immunopathogenesis is still unknown. It has been reported that renal biopsy specimens from patients diagnosed with both AIP and tubulointerstitial nephritis reveal deposits containing complement C3, immunoglobulin (Ig)G and IgG4 at the tubular basement membranes (BMs). The aim was to investigate the deposition of complement and immunoglobulins in pancreatic tissue from AIP patients compared to non-AIP patients. METHODS: Double immunofluorescence microscopy for C3c, IgG4 and IgG together with CK7, trypsin, collagen IV, CD31 and CD79a, as well as immunofluorescence microscopy for C1q, IgA and IgM, were performed on frozen pancreatic tissue from AIP and alcoholic chronic pancreatitis (ACP) patients...
December 2010: Histopathology
Augusto Vaglio, Nicolò Pipitone, Carlo Salvarani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic periaortitis is characterized by a fibro-inflammatory process spreading from the abdominal aorta and the iliac arteries. Originally, chronic periaortitis was considered a localized inflammatory response to severe aortic atherosclerosis. However, subsequent studies have shown that chronic periaortitis may also involve other arteries and present with features of auto-immune diseases. This article reviews the issue of large-vessel involvement in chronic periaortitis and its implications in the pathogenesis and nosography of the disease...
January 2011: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Mitsuaki Shioyama, Haruo Ueda, Hiromi Aomatsu, Yoshiyuki Mitui, Yoshito Naiki, Kenichi Samejima, Masanori Funauchi, Hirokazu Shiraishi, Masakatsu Motomura, Susumu Kusunoki
A 40-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of dysarthria, difficulty swallowing, double vision and weakness of both upper extremities. There were no detectable anti-AChR antibodies. He was diagnosed with seronegative myasthenia gravis (SNMG) based on a positive edrophonium test and positive waning on repetitive stimulation. Thereafter serological examination detected anti-muscle-specific kinase (MuSK) antibodies and he was diagnosed with anti-MuSK antibody-positive MG. Three years after the onset, the patient developed rapidly progressing respiratory failure and fever...
July 2009: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
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