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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821803/hidden-peculiar-magnetic-anisotropy-at-the-interface-in-a-ferromagnetic-perovskite-oxide-heterostructure
#1
Le Duc Anh, Noboru Okamoto, Munetoshi Seki, Hitoshi Tabata, Masaaki Tanaka, Shinobu Ohya
Understanding and controlling the interfacial magnetic properties of ferromagnetic thin films are crucial for spintronic device applications. However, using conventional magnetometry, it is difficult to detect them separately from the bulk properties. Here, by utilizing tunneling anisotropic magnetoresistance in a single-barrier heterostructure composed of La0.6Sr0.4MnO3 (LSMO)/LaAlO3 (LAO)/Nb-doped SrTiO3 (001), we reveal the presence of a peculiar strong two-fold magnetic anisotropy (MA) along the [110]c direction at the LSMO/LAO interface, which is not observed in bulk LSMO...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819566/development-of-poly-lactic-glycolic-acid-plga-microspheres-for-controlled-release-of-rho-associated-kinase-inhibitor
#2
Sho Koda, Naoki Okumura, Junji Kitano, Noriko Koizumi, Yasuhiko Tabata
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of poly lactic/glycolic acid (PLGA) as a drug delivery carrier of Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor for the treatment of corneal endothelial disease. METHOD: ROCK inhibitor Y-27632 and PLGA were dissolved in water with or without gelatin (W1), and a double emulsion [(W1/O)/W2] was formed with dichloromethane (O) and polyvinyl alcohol (W2). Drug release curve was obtained by evaluating the released Y-27632 by using high performance liquid chromatography...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808850/non-rem-sleep-disordered-breathing-affects-performance-on-the-psychomotor-vigilance-task
#3
Takuro Kitamura, Soichiro Miyazaki, Hiroshi Kadotani, Takashi Kanemura, Harun Bin Sulaiman, Shoko Takeuchi, Takahisa Tabata, Hideaki Suzuki
PURPOSE: Although many studies have investigated the clinical importance of sleep apnea on rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep, the relationship between behavioral performance and apneic events during different sleep phases remains unclear. In the present study, we sought to investigate the effect of sleep phase fragmentation due to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) during REM and NREM on the vigilance and sustainability of attention based on psychomotor vigilance task (PVT) performance...
August 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803456/evaluation-of-prenatal-corticosteroid-use-in-spontaneous-preterm-labor-in-the-brazilian-multicenter-study-on-preterm-birth-emip
#4
Tabata Z Dias, Renato Passini, Ricardo P Tedesco, Giuliane J Lajos, Patricia M Rehder, Marcelo L Nomura, Maria L Costa, Paulo F Oliveira, Maria H Sousa, Jose G Cecatti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prenatal corticosteroid use in women experiencing spontaneous preterm labor and preterm delivery. METHODS: The present cross-sectional multicenter study analyzed interview data from patients attending 20 hospitals in Brazil owing to preterm delivery between April 1, 2011, and September 30, 2012. Patients were stratified based on preterm labor occurring before 34 weeks or at 34-36(+6) weeks of pregnancy, and the frequency of prenatal corticosteroid use at admission was compared...
August 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799938/improvement-of-phosphorus-removal-by-calcium-addition-in-the-iron-electrocoagulation-process
#5
I Mishima, M Hama, Y Tabata, J Nakajima
Small-scale wastewater treatment plants (SWTPs) are widely used as decentralized wastewater treatment systems in sparsely populated areas of Japan. Iron electrolysis, an electrocoagulation technology, is installed in these SWTPs for phosphorus removal. Phosphorus can be removed via the formation of an insoluble compound containing phosphate and iron, such as FePO4; however, it was necessary to determine the conditions under which phosphorus can be effectively and stably removed in actual SWTPs. According to previous studies using iron compounds, improved phosphorus removal was obtained by Ca addition...
August 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790292/-respiratory-rehabilitation-in-patients-after-surgical-treatments-in-the-thoracic-region
#6
Toshiharu Tabata, Takashi Kondo
We assessed whether respiratory physiotherapy and kinesiotherapy as the major therapies of respiratory rehabilitation in the early stage after surgical treatments in the thoracic region was helpful to return daily life or not. Respiratory rehabilitation program in our hospital was achieved in 612 patients after surgery. It is confirmed that respiratory rehabilitation lead to prevention of complications, recovery of activities of daily living, and early discharge from hospital.
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780593/the-mechanical-effects-of-cup-inclination-and-anteversion-angle-on-the-bearing-surface
#7
Nobuhiro Kaku, Tomonori Tabata, Hiroaki Tagomori, Tetsutaro Abe, Hiroshi Tsumura
BACKGROUND: Regarding the cup setting in total hip arthroplasty, range of motion and prevention of dislocation are important. From past reports, the wear of the bearing surface may affect long-term results. This study evaluated the stress applied to the bearing surface by the combined use of the three-dimensional rigid spring model and the finite-element analysis. METHODS: For contact pressure distribution of the bearing surface, interference analysis was performed using a three-dimensional rigid body spring model...
August 5, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770378/comprehensive-quantitation-using-two-stable-isotopically-labeled-species-and-direct-detection-of-n-acyl-moiety-of-sphingomyelin
#8
Kotaro Hama, Yuko Fujiwara, Hidetsugu Tabata, Hideyo Takahashi, Kazuaki Yokoyama
Sphingomyelin (ceramide-phosphocholine, CerPCho) is a common sphingolipid in mammalian cells and is composed of phosphorylcholine and ceramide as polar and hydrophobic components, respectively. In this study, a qualitative liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS/MS) analysis is proposed in which CerPCho structures were assigned based on product ion spectra corresponding to sphingosylphosphorylcholine and N-acyl moieties. From MS/MS/MS analysis of CerPCho, we observed product ion spectra of the N-acyl fatty acids as [RCO2](-) ions as well as sphingosylphosphorylcholine...
August 2, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760079/preparation-of-cell-aggregates-incorporating-gelatin-hydrogel-microspheres-containing-bone-morphogenic-protein-2-with-different-degradabilities
#9
Shuhei Tajima, Yasuhiko Tabata
The objective of this study is to evaluate the survival and functions of cells in cell aggregates incorporating gelatin hydrogel microspheres (GM) containing bone morphogenic protein-2 (BMP2). Gelatin was dehydrothermally crosslinked in a water-in-oil emulsion state at 140 °C for various time periods to prepare GM with different degradabilities. BMP2 was dropped onto the GM freeze dried, followed by leaving at 25 °C to obtain GM containing BMP2 (GM-BMP2). MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured with GM-BMP2 and GM in round U-bottom wells of 96-multiwell microplates which had been coated with poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA), to allow to form cell aggregates containing GM-BMP2 and GM, respectively...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754073/tp53-gene-expression-levels-and-tumor-aggressiveness-in-canine-mammary-carcinomas
#10
Táya F Oliveira, Tábata Maués, Mariana S Ramundo, Agnes Marie S Figueiredo, Marcela F V de Mello, Kênia B El-Jaick, Maria de Lourdes G Ferreira, Ana Maria R Ferreira
The protein p53 is considered to be one of the most important tumor suppressor factors. Despite this importance, a potential association between TP53 messenger (m)RNA levels and tumor aggressiveness has not been well defined in animal cancer. We assessed and correlated TP53 gene expression in 40 canine mammary carcinomas with histologic grade, tumor size, and aggressiveness. The tumors were subjected to histologic analysis and the TP53 mRNA levels determined by RT-rtPCR. Statistical analysis revealed no correlation between levels of TP53 mRNA and tumor aggressiveness ( r = 0...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751762/gastric-and-intestinal-proteases-resistance-of-chicken-acidic-chitinase-nominates-chitin-containing-organisms-for-alternative-whole-edible-diets-for-poultry
#11
Eri Tabata, Akinori Kashimura, Satoshi Wakita, Misa Ohno, Masayoshi Sakaguchi, Yasusato Sugahara, Yoshihiro Kino, Vaclav Matoska, Peter O Bauer, Fumitaka Oyama
Chitin, a polymer of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc), functions as a major structural component in crustaceans, insects and fungi and is the second most abundant polysaccharide in the nature. Although these chitin-containing organisms have been suggested as novel animal feed resources, chitin has long been considered as indigestible fibers in the animal body. Recently, we reported that acidic chitinase (Chia) is a protease-resistant major glycosidase in mouse gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and that it digests chitin in the mouse stomach...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749226/care-of-preschoolers-with-congenital-heart-disease-by-kindergarten-and-nursery-teachers-in-japan
#12
Hisae Tabata
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the involvement of kindergarten and nursery school teachers with young children with congenital heart disease. The study was designed as a qualitative descriptive study. Interviews of kindergarten and nursery school teachers with experience in the care and education of young children with congenital heart disease were conducted, during which they described their experience. Verbatim transcripts of the interviews were prepared, and the content was categorized. The study participants were 11 kindergarten and nursery school teachers...
September 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740791/reconstruction-of-severely-crushed-fingertip-amputations-with-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-slow-release-system
#13
Hirohisa Kusuhara, Kouhei Ichinohashi, Yu Sueyoshi, Yasuhiko Tabata, Noritaka Isogai
Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735515/determination-of-cell-fate-in-skeletal-muscle-following-bmp-gene-transfer-by-in-vivo-electroporation
#14
Mariko Kawai, Yu-Ki Ohmori, Mai Nishino, Masayo Yoshida, Kaori Tabata, Do-Saku Hirota, Ayako Ryu-Mon, Hiromitsu Yamamoto, Junya Sonobe, Yo-Hei Kataoka, Noriko Shiotsu, Mika Ikegame, Hiroki Maruyama, Toshio Yamamoto, Kazuhisa Bessho, Kiyoshi Ohura
We previously developed a novel method for gene transfer, which combined a non-viral gene expression vector with transcutaneous in vivo electroporation. We applied this method to transfer the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) gene and induce ectopic bone formation in rat skeletal muscles. At present, it remains unclear which types of cells can differentiate into osteogenic cells after BMP gene transfer by in vivo electroporation. Two types of stem cells in skeletal muscle can differentiate into osteogenic cells: muscle-derived stem cells, and bone marrow-derived stem cells in the blood...
May 5, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723852/effects-of-a-skin-barrier-cream-on-management-of-incontinence-associated-dermatitis-in-older-women-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Yuka Kon, Yoshie Ichikawa-Shigeta, Terumi Iuchi, Yukari Nakajima, Gojiro Nakagami, Keiko Tabata, Hiromi Sanada, Junko Sugama
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a skin barrier cream with moisturization and skin-protectant characteristics for improving the severity of incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) pertaining to the skin physiology and appearance. We measured the following outcomes: (1) skin physiological characteristics indicating skin protection and enhancement of the skin's moisture barrier (stratum corneum hydration, dermis hydration level, transepidermal water loss, and skin pH); and (2) changes in skin appearance (the degree of erythema and pigmentation, and the sulcus cutis condition)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712539/chronic-treatment-with-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-increases-cardiac-fibrosis-in-young-rats-submitted-to-early-ovarian-failure
#16
Sabrina Graziani Veloso Dutra, Ana Carolina Sanches Felix, Ada Clarice Gastaldi, Tábata De Paula Facioli, Suenimeire Vieira, Hugo Celso Dutra De Souza
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the treatment with enalapril maleate, combined with aerobic physical training, promotes positive effects on the autonomic balance, the morphology and the cardiac function in female rats submitted to early ovarian failure. METHODS: Thirty-five female Wistar rats, ovariectomized at 10weeks of age, were assigned into Ovariectomized rats (OVX) and Ovariectomized rats treated with enalapril maleate (OVX-EM, 10mg(-1)·kg(-1)·d(-1)) Each group was subdivided into sedentary and trained (aerobic swimming training for 10weeks)...
September 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710515/quantitative-lc-esi-srm-ms-of-antibody-biopharmaceuticals-use-of-a-homologous-antibody-as-an-internal-standard-and-three-step-method-development
#17
Fumio Osaki, Kenji Tabata, Tomoyuki Oe
Monoclonal antibody-based therapeutic agents (antibody drugs) have attracted considerable attention as a new type of drug. Concomitantly, the use of quantitative approaches for characterizing antibody drugs, such as liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS), has increased. Generally, selective quantification of antibody drugs is done using unique peptides from variable regions (V H and V L) as surrogate peptides. Further, numerous internal standards (ISs) such as stable isotope-labeled (SIL)-intact proteins and SIL-surrogate peptides are used...
July 14, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710182/elevation-of-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-at-discharge-is-associated-with-2-year-mortality-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-insights-from-a-multicenter-prospective-ocean-tavi-optimized-transcatheter-valvular
#18
Kazuki Mizutani, Masahiko Hara, Shinichi Iwata, Takashi Murakami, Toshihiko Shibata, Minoru Yoshiyama, Toru Naganuma, Futoshi Yamanaka, Akihiro Higashimori, Norio Tada, Kensuke Takagi, Motoharu Araki, Hiroshi Ueno, Minoru Tabata, Shinichi Shirai, Yusuke Watanabe, Masanori Yamamoto, Kentaro Hayashida
BACKGROUND: In this study, we sought to investigate the 2-year prognostic impact of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels at discharge, following transcatheter aortic valve replacement. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 1094 consecutive patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement between 2013 and 2016. Study patients were stratified into 2 groups according to survival classification and regression tree analysis (high versus low BNP groups). We evaluated the impact of high BNP on 2-year mortality compared with that of low BNP using a multivariable Cox model, and assessed whether this stratification would improve predictive accuracy for determining 2-year mortality by assessing time-dependent net reclassification improvement and integrated discrimination improvement...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699196/cytokeratin-positive-folliculo-stellate-cells-in-chicken-adenohypophysis
#19
Shotaro Nishimura, Miyu Yamashita, Takane Kaneko, Fuminori Kawabata, Shoji Tabata
Folliculo-stellate (FS) cells are non-endocrine cells found in the adenohypophysis and are identified in many animals by the S100 protein marker. Although keratin is another FS marker in several animals, there is no information on localization of keratin in the avian adenohypophysis. In this study, localization of cytokeratin in chicken adenohypophyseal cells was investigated immunohistochemically. Basic cytokeratin (bCK)-positive cells were arranged radially in the cell cords with their cytoplasmic processes reaching the basal lamina...
July 12, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697739/effects-of-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-on-proinflammatory-cytokines-protocol-for-systematic-review
#20
Tábata Cristina do Carmo Almeida, Francisco Winter Dos Santos Figueiredo, Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Fernando Adami
BACKGROUND: Pain reduction can be achieved by lowering proinflammatory cytokine levels in the blood. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a non-invasive physiotherapeutic resource for pain management, but evidence on the effectiveness of this device at reducing proinflammatory cytokines in the blood is unclear. This study systematically reviews the literature on the effect of TENS on proinflammatory cytokines. METHODS: A systematic review protocol was developed based on searches of articles in six electronic databases and references of retrieved articles, contact with authors, and repositories of clinical trials...
July 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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