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nutrition and cancer pain

Leslie Padrnos, Robert Bennett, Heidi Kosiorek, Amylou C Dueck, Donald Northfelt, Joseph Mikhael, Raoul Tibes, Nandita Khera, Ruben A Mesa
A cancer diagnosis requires significant information to facilitate health care decision making, understand management options, and health care system navigation. Patient knowledge deficit can decrease quality of life and health care compliance. Surveys were distributed to attendees of the Mayo Clinic "Living with and Surviving Cancer" patient symposium January 2015. Follow-up survey was sent to participants 3 months after the symposium. Surveys included demographic data and patient-reported disease comprehension, symptom burden, desired information, and quality-of-life assessment...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Gebra Cuyun Carter, Anna Kaltenboeck, Jasmina Ivanova, Astra M Liepa, Alexandra San Roman, Maria Koh, Narayan Rajan, Rebecca Cheng, Howard G Birnbaum, Jong Seok Kim, Yung-Jue Bang
Purpose: To understand patient treatment patterns, outcomes, and healthcare resource use in cases of metastatic and/or locally recurrent, unresectable gastric cancer (MGC) in South Korea. Materials and Methods: Thirty physicians reviewed charts of eligible patients to collect de-identified data. Patients must have received platinum/fluoropyrimidine first-line therapy followed by second-line therapy or best supportive care, had no other primary cancer, and not participated in a clinical trial following MGC diagnosis...
September 12, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Natalie Pattison, Matthew Rd Brown, Anthony Gubbay, Janet Peacock, Joy R Ross, Suzanne Chapman, Odile Sauzet, John Williams
BACKGROUND: Treatment for head and neck cancer can frequently be a painful experience with implications for patients in terms of quality of life, nutrition and ultimately treatment outcomes. Pain may arise for a number of reasons in this patient group including the influence of localised tissue damage from radiotherapy, the effects of chemotherapeutic agents as well as the disease process itself. Early identification of cancer pain, through screening and early analgesic and pain management are thought to be the most appropriate approaches to the problem...
February 2016: British Journal of Pain
Karen Tsai, Deepan Singh, Aaron Pinkhasov
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a diagnosis in diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-5 (DSM-5) manifested by persistent failure to meet nutritional and/or energy needs. Pudendal nerve entrapment (PNE) often causes pelvic discomfort in addition to constipation and painful bowel movements. Current literature on ARFID is sparse and focuses on the pediatric and adolescent population. No association between PNE and ARFID has been described. We present a case of ARFID in an adult male with PNE resulting from subsequent scarring from testicular cancer surgery...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Moonkyoo Kong, Deok-Sang Hwang, Seong Woo Yoon, Jinsung Kim
PURPOSE: This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of clove-based herbal mouthwash in ameliorating radiation-induced oral mucositis in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: Fourteen patients were prospectively enrolled in this study and randomized to either an experimental group or a control group. The patients of the experimental group swished their mouths with a clove-based herbal mouthwash during radiotherapy (RT), while the patients of the control group swished with clear water...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Sushma Jonna, Leslie Chiang, Jingxia Liu, Maria B Carroll, Kellie Flood, Tanya M Wildes
PURPOSE: Survival in older adults with cancer varies given differences in functional status, comorbidities, and nutrition. Prediction of factors associated with mortality, especially in hospitalized patients, allows physicians to better inform their patients about prognosis during treatment decisions. Our objective was to analyze factors associated with survival in older adults with cancer following hospitalization. METHODS: Through a retrospective cohort study, we reviewed 803 patients who were admitted to Barnes-Jewish Hospital's Oncology Acute Care of Elders (OACE) unit from 2000 to 2008...
November 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Gee Su Yang, Hee Jun Kim, Kathleen A Griffith, Shijun Zhu, Susan G Dorsey, Cynthia L Renn
BACKGROUND: Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) have been established as successful adjuvant therapy for breast cancer survivors. Unfortunately, nearly half of women taking AIs report joint pain, AI-associated arthralgia (AIA). Aromatase inhibitor-associated arthralgia often results in noncompliance, which could lead to cancer recurrence. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify current pain management of AIA and to evaluate the study quality and effects of interventions...
June 21, 2016: Cancer Nursing
Karen E Assmann, Valentina A Andreeva, Géraldine M Camilleri, Eric O Verger, Claude Jeandel, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Although nutrition has been advocated as a major determinant of healthy ageing (HA), studies investigating the link between dietary quality and HA are scarce. We investigated the association between adherence to French food-based and nutrient-based guidelines at midlife, as assessed by three dietary scores, and HA. HA was assessed in 2007-2009, among 2329 participants of the SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants study aged 45-60 years at baseline (1994-1995) and initially free of diabetes, CVD and cancer...
August 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Barb Biller, John Berg, Laura Garrett, David Ruslander, Richard Wearing, Bonnie Abbott, Mithun Patel, Diana Smith, Christine Bryan
All companion animal practices will be presented with oncology cases on a regular basis, making diagnosis and treatment of cancer an essential part of comprehensive primary care. Because each oncology case is medically unique, these guidelines recommend a patient-specific approach consisting of the following components: diagnosis, staging, therapeutic intervention, provisions for patient and personnel safety in handling chemotherapy agents, referral to an oncology specialty practice when appropriate, and a strong emphasis on client support...
July 2016: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
John D Hurley, Austin T Akers, Jamie R Friedman, Nicholas A Nolan, Kathleen C Brown, Piyali Dasgupta
The nutritional compound capsaicin inhibits the invasion of many types of human cancers. The clinical development of capsaicin as an anti-cancer drug is limited due to its unfavorable side effects like burning sensation, stomach cramps, gut pain and nausea. This study compared the anti-invasive activity of capsaicin to non-pungent long chain capsaicin analogs, namely arvanil and olvanil, in human small cell lung cancer cells. Boyden chamber invasion assays revealed that arvanil and olvanil displayed improved anti-invasive activity relative to capsaicin in human SCLC cells...
May 19, 2016: Cell Adhesion & Migration
Aarti Nilesh Narkhede, Deepak Mahadeo Kasote, Aniket Arun Kuvalekar, Abhay Madhukar Harsulkar, Suresh Dyandeo Jagtap
In India, the term "Amarkand" is commonly used for around 30 different plant species belonging to genus Eulophia (Orchidaceae). This single local name Amarkand to different taxonomical species creates uncertainty about its ethnomedical and nutritional claims. In the present article, we have reviewed available literature regarding ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, taxonomy, nutritional, and pharmacological studies of different Amarkand species. The literature was searched using Google Scholar, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases...
March 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
A Hopprich, L D Günther, R Laufenberg-Feldmann, U Reinholz, M Weber
BACKGROUND: Palliative sedation (pS) is indicated in the presence of end-stage disease with treatment-refractory symptoms not tolerable for the patient. We investigated the practice of pS at a university palliative care unit. METHODS: Before starting pS the following data were documented: indication and decision making, type of sedation, life expectancy evaluated by the physician using the palliative prognostic index. Over the time of pS communication skills, depth of sedation, relief in symptoms, substitution of fluid and nutrition and used medications were collected...
April 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Gabrielle B Rocque, Richard A Taylor, Aras Acemgil, Xuelin Li, Maria Pisu, Kelly Kenzik, Bradford E Jackson, Karina I Halilova, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Karen Meneses, Yufeng Li, Michelle Y Martin, Carol Chambless, Nedra Lisovicz, Mona Fouad, Edward E Partridge, Elizabeth A Kvale
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in psychosocial care and evaluating distress in patients with cancer. As of 2015, the Commission on Cancer requires cancer centers to screen patients for distress, but the optimal approach to implementation remains unclear. METHODS: We assessed the feasibility and impact of using distress assessments to frame lay navigator interactions with geriatric patients with cancer who were enrolled in navigation between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2014...
April 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Dexiang Zhu, Jianmin Xu
ERAS combines modern anesthesia, pain control, and nutritional support technologies, and contains a series of evidence-based perioperative optimization measures, including preoperative preparation, intraoperative anesthesia and postoperative care, to reduce surgical stress and enhance recovery. Several clinical studies and meta-analysis have demonstrated that ERAS can accelerate postoperative rehabilitation in colorectal patients. In addition, minimally invasive colorectal surgery has the advantages of less trauma, less bleeding, and faster postoperative recovery, compared with open surgery...
March 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Claire O'Gorman, Amanda Barry, Suzanne Denieffe, Wojciech Sasiadek, Martina Gooney
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the changes in symptoms experienced by rectal cancer patients during preoperative chemoradiotherapy, with a specific focus on fatigue and to explore how symptoms impact the quality of life. BACKGROUND: Rectal cancer continues to be a healthcare issue internationally, despite advances in management strategies, which includes the administration of preoperative chemoradiotherapy to improve locoregional control. It is known that this treatment may cause adverse effects; however, there is a paucity of literature that specifically examines fatigue, symptoms and quality of life in this patient cohort...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Bente Thoft Jensen, Sussie Laustsen, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen, Michael Borre, Annemette Krintel Petersen
BACKGROUND: Physical exercises offer a variety of health benefits to cancer survivors during and post-treatment. However, exercise-based pre-habilitation is not well reported in major uro-oncology surgery. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility, the adherence, and the efficacy of a short-term physical pre-habilitation program to patients with invasive bladder cancer awaiting radical cystectomy (RC). METHODS: A parent prospective randomized controlled clinical trial investigated efficacy of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program on length of stay following RC...
August 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Peng Ye, Liping Zeng, Fenghao Sun, Zhou An, Zhoubin Li, Jian Hu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to establish a modified technique for performing laparoscopic needle catheter jejunostomy. METHODS: From May 2011 to October 2013, laparoscopic needle catheter jejunostomy was performed in 21 patients with esophageal cancer. During the procedure, jejunal inflation was performed via a percutaneous 20-gauge intravenous catheter to facilitate the subsequent puncture of the jejunal wall by the catheter needle. The success rate, procedure time, complications, and short-term outcomes were evaluated...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Shumei Xu, Ying Xue
Pediatric or childhood obesity is the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents worldwide. Approximately 43 million individuals are obese, 21-24% children and adolescents are overweight, and 16-18% of individuals have abdominal obesity. The prevalence of obesity is highest among specific ethnic groups. Obesity increases the risk of heart diseases in children and adults. Childhood obesity predisposes the individual to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, liver and kidney diseases and causes reproductive dysfunction in adults...
January 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Margherita Gobbo, Giulia Ottaviani, Katia Rupel, Francesca Ciriello, Aulo Beorchia, Roberto Di Lenarda, Serena Zacchigna, Matteo Biasotto
Oral mucositis (OM) and radiodermatitis (RD) are serious side effects of radiotherapy (RT), often leading to its suspension, need for analgesics, and enteral/parenteral nutrition. Laser therapy is becoming a recommended treatment option. This prospective study aimed at demonstrating the beneficial effect of class IV laser therapy (HPLT) on RT-induced OM, an off-label use of HPLT to treat RD in breast cancer patients. Fifty-three cancer patients, during/after RT and/or chemotherapy (CT), affected by OM, were treated with HPLT during four consecutive days (970 ± 15 nm, 5 W (50 %), 35-6000 Hz, 240 s)...
April 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
F Strasser, D Blum, R von Moos, R Cathomas, K Ribi, S Aebi, D Betticher, S Hayoz, D Klingbiel, P Brauchli, M Haefner, S Mauri, S Kaasa, D Koeberle
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced, incurable cancer receiving anticancer treatment often experience multidimensional symptoms. We hypothesize that real-time monitoring of both symptoms and clinical syndromes will improve symptom management by oncologists and patient outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective multicenter cluster-randomized phase-III trial, patients with incurable, symptomatic, solid tumors, who received new outpatient chemotherapy with palliative intention, were eligible...
February 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
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