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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773774/us-and-cuban-scientists-forge-collaboration-on-arbovirus-research
#1
Jorge Pérez-Ávila, Maria G Guzmán-Tirado, Jorge Fraga-Nodarse, Gray Handley, James Meegan, Jose L Pelegrino-Martínez de la Cotera, Anthony S Fauci
After December 17, 2014, when the US and Cuban governments announced their intent to restore relations, the two countries participated in various exchange activities in an effort to encourage cooperation in public health, health research and biomedical sciences. The conference entitled Exploring Opportunities for Arbovirus Research Collaboration, hosted at Havana's Hotel Nacional, was part of these efforts and was the first major US-Cuban scientific conference in over 50 years. Its purpose was to share information about current arbovirus research and recent findings, and to explore opportunities for future joint research...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771987/visualization-of-gender-race-citizenship-and-academic-performance-in-association-with-career-outcomes-of-15-year-biomedical-doctoral-alumni-at-a-public-research-university
#2
Ambika Mathur, Annmarie Cano, Michael Kohl, Nisansala S Muthunayake, Prassanna Vaidyanathan, Mary E Wood, Mustafa Ziyad
It has long been thought that biomedical doctoral students pursue careers primarily as tenure-track/tenured faculty at research institutions. Recent reports showed, however, that the majority of biomedical doctoral alumni engage in a variety of careers. Wayne State University (WSU) undertook a project to understand the career trajectories of its biomedical doctoral alumni to create programs to better prepare its students for careers in multiple pathways. Data were collected on career outcomes of WSU's biomedical doctoral alumni who graduated in a 15-year period from 1999-2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766430/solid-waste-management-of-small-island-developing-states-the-case-of-the-seychelles-a-systemic-and-collaborative-study-of-swiss-and-seychellois-students-to-support-policy
#3
Grégoire Meylan, Adelene Lai, John Hensley, Michael Stauffacher, Pius Krütli
Solid waste management (SWM) is a significant challenge for the Seychelles. Waste generation, fueled by economic development and tourism, increases steadily, while landfilling continues to be the main disposal path, thus exacerbating the island nation's specific weaknesses. Due to the small scale of the Seychelles economy, there is little capital available to stimulate innovations in SWM and generate the knowledge for setting priorities and guiding SWM action. Students from ETH Zurich and UniSey conducted a transdisciplinary case study (tdCS) to fill this knowledge gap and gain insights into the obstacles and opportunities related to sustainable SWM...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761710/who-s-the-boss-determining-the-control-pathways-of-cardiovascular-and-cellular-immune-responses-to-acute-stress
#4
Kate M Edwards, Nathan B Morris
Acute stress responses are known to include increases in heart rate and blood pressure, as well as increases in the number of circulating immune cells, all of which are governed by the autonomic nervous system. This laboratory practical measures cardiovascular and circulating immune cell responses to a passive (cold pressor) and active (mental arithmetic) acute stress task in student participants. The results allow them to examine the different patterns of autonomic response they elicit (approximated by heart rate and blood pressure responses), and knowledge of these responses can then be used to infer the governing autonomic aspect of the increases in circulating immune cells from the results...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742615/honoring-thy-self-in-the-transition-to-online-teaching
#5
Lauren A Maggio, Barbara J Daley, Daniel D Pratt, Dario M Torre
Increasingly health professions education (HPE) faculty are choosing or being required to transition their face-to-face teaching to online teaching. For many faculty, the online learning environment may represent a new context with unfamiliar technology, changing expectations, and unknown challenges. In this context, faculty members may find themselves teaching in ways that are dissonant with the existing assumptions, beliefs, and views that are central to their pedagogical or teaching identity. This "identity dissonance" may lead to dissatisfaction and frustration for the faculty and potentially suboptimal learning experience for students...
May 8, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740547/intensification-of-the-education-of-public-health-hygiene-and-martial-arts-during-the-japanese-colonial-period-1937-1945
#6
REVIEW
Eui-Ryong Hwang, Tae-Young Kim
This study intended to examine the process of development and intensification of martial arts education in schools of Chosun as courses of health, hygiene, and physical education implemented by the Japanese colonial government that ruled Chosun during the period of 'Second Sino-Japanese War' from 1937 to 1945. During this period, the Japanese colonial government established the 'Imperial Subjects' Gymnastics,' elaborated on the education of health and hygiene in order to lay the foundations for the strengthening of war potential, and intensified the theoretical education and practice of martial arts as an effective means therefore...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728078/emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-a-mixed-methods-study-from-chennai-india
#7
Subashini Sundararajan, Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
BACKGROUND: Emotional Intelligence is the ability of a person to understand and respond to one's own and others' emotions and use this understanding to guide one's thoughts and actions. To assess the level of emotional intelligence of medical students in a medical college in Chennai and to explore their understanding of the role of emotions in medical practice. METHODS: A quantitative, cross sectional, questionnaire based, survey was conducted among 207 medical students in a college in Chennai, India using the Quick Emotional Intelligence Self Assessment Test and some hypothetical emotional clinical vignettes...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727320/creating-a-quality-improvement-course-for-undergraduate-medical-education-practice-what-you-teach
#8
Tamala S Bradham, Kelly C Sponsler, Scott C Watkins, Jesse M Ehrenfeld
PROBLEM: More than half of U.S. medical schools have implemented curricula addressing quality improvement (QI); however, the evidence on which pedagogical methods are most effective is limited. APPROACH: As of January 2015, students at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine are required to take a QI course consisting of three 1-month-long (4 hours per week) blocks during their third or fourth year, in which student-identified faculty sponsors are paired with highly trained QI professionals from Vanderbilt University Medical Center...
May 2, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720144/examining-school-based-hygiene-facilities-a-quantitative-assessment-in-a-ghanaian-municipality
#9
Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Muriel J Harris, Samuel Newton, Gabriel Gulis
BACKGROUND: The crucial role of adequate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in influencing children's handwashing behaviour is widely reported. Report from UNICEF indicates a dearth of adequate data on WASH facilities in schools, especially in the developing world. This study sought to contribute to building the evidence-base on school hygiene facilities in Ghana. The study further explored for possible associations and differences between key variables within the context of school water, sanitation and hygiene...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719972/juggling-two-balls-smoking-re-normalization-and-harm-reduction-e-cigarettes-facts-and-misconceptions-in-taiwan
#10
Wayne Gao, Mattia Sanna, Li-Ling Huang, Ya-Wen Chiu, Yi-Hua Chen, Hung-Yi Chiou
The increasing popularity of e-cigarettes, especially among adolescents, has alarmed health advocates and government officials, dominating the tobacco control narrative in the past few years. According to the Global Youth Tobacco Survey, the percentage of Taiwanese teenagers reporting use of e-cigarettes in the past 30 days rose from 2.01% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.82% to 2.23%) in 2014 to 3.54% (95% CI = 3.30% to 3.80%) in 2017. However, during the same period, prevalence of cigarettes declined from 11...
May 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719326/prospective-study-to-evaluate-the-clinical-outcome-of-intralesional-interferon-%C3%AE-2b-in-the-management-of-peyronie-s-disease
#11
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Nilesh Kumar Jain, Ankur Jhanwar, Kawaljit Singh, Durgesh Kumar Saini
Context: Interferon (IFN)-α2b in Peyronie's disease (PD). Aims: This study aims to evaluate clinical efficacy of the IFN-α2b in both subjective and objective manner for the treatment of PD and compared with previously used intralesional verapamil in terms of cost-benefit analysis. Settings and Design: Prospective study. Materials and Methods: A prospective study conducted from January 2013 to July 2016 in the Department of Urology, Government Medical College, Kota, Rajasthan, India...
April 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690570/mapping-the-hidden-hazards-community-led-spatial-data-collection-of-street-level-environmental-stressors-in-a-degraded-urban-watershed
#12
Na'Taki Osborne Jelks, Timothy L Hawthorne, Dajun Dai, Christina H Fuller, Christine Stauber
We utilized a participatory mapping approach to collect point locations, photographs, and descriptive data about select built environment stressors identified and prioritized by community residents living in the Proctor Creek Watershed, a degraded, urban watershed in Northwest Atlanta, Georgia. Residents (watershed researchers) used an indicator identification framework to select three watershed stressors that influence urban livability: standing water, illegal dumping on land and in surface water, and faulty stormwater infrastructure...
April 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683024/twelve-tips-for-enhancing-student-engagement
#13
Harm Peters, Marko Zdravkovic, Manuel João Costa, Antonio Celenza, Kulsoom Ghias, Debra Klamen, Liz Mossop, Michael Rieder, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Danai Wangsaturaka, Martin Wohlin, Margot Weggemans
Student engagement refers to a broad range of activities where students participate in management, education, research, and community activities within their institutions. It is a mutually beneficial collaborative approach between students and their institutions. This article provides practical advice for the implementation or further development of student engagement at medical, dental, and veterinary schools. The tips provided are based on the experiences of a group of universities recently recognized for best practice in student engagement, and are supported by evidence from the literature...
April 22, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665887/a-cabinet-of-the-ordinary-domesticating-veterinary-education-1766-1799
#14
Kit Heintzman
In the late eighteenth century, the Ecole vétérinaire d'Alfort was renowned for its innovative veterinary education and for having one of the largest natural history and anatomy collections in France. Yet aside from a recent interest in the works of one particular anatomist, the school's history has been mostly ignored. I examine here the fame of the school in eighteenth-century travel literature, the historic connection between veterinary science and natural history, and the relationship between the school's hospital and its esteemed cabinet...
April 18, 2018: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652831/active-opt-in-consent-underestimates-mean-bmi-z-and-the-prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-compared-to-passive-opt-out-consent-evidence-from-the-healthy-together-victoria-and-childhood-obesity-study
#15
Claudia Strugnell, Liliana Orellana, Joshua Hayward, Lynne Millar, Boyd Swinburn, Steven Allender
Background: Tracking population trends in childhood obesity and identifying target areas for prevention requires accurate prevalence data. This study quantified the magnitude of non-participation bias for mean Body Mass Index-z scores and overweight/obesity prevalence associated with low (opt-in) compared to high (opt-out) participation consent methodologies. Methods: Data arose from all Local Government Areas (LGAs) participating in the Healthy Together Victoria Childhood Obesity Study, Australia. Primary schools were randomly selected in 2013 and 2014 and all Grades 4 and 6 students (aged approx...
April 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622005/changing-hearts-and-minds-examining-student-nurses-experiences-and-perceptions-of-a-general-practice-placement-through-a-community-of-practice-lens
#16
Robin Lewis, Shona Kelly
BACKGROUND: The recent UK Government paper 'Five year forward view' describes the need to move much patient management from secondary to primary care, and this will require a significant increase in the numbers of General Practice Nurses (GPNs). Until recently, there has been no clear recruitment strategy to address this. There have however been a number of proposed solutions to address the impending GPN recruitment crisis and to increase the numbers of new GPNs in post. General Practitioners (GPs) working in the Advanced Training Practice Scheme (ATPS) have been commissioned by Health Education England to provide placements for student nurses...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603320/stakeholder-views-of-rural-community-based-medical-education-a-narrative-review-of-the-international-literature
#17
Praphun Somporn, Julie Ash, Lucie Walters
CONTEXT: Rural community-based medical education (RCBME), in which medical student learning activities take place within a rural community, requires students, clinical teachers, patients, community members and representatives of health and government sectors to actively contribute to the educational process. Therefore, academics seeking to develop RCBME need to understand the rural context, and the views and needs of local stakeholders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to examine stakeholder experiences of RCBME programmes internationally...
March 30, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596538/self-reported-cheating-among-medical-students-an-alarming-finding-in-a-cross-sectional-study-from-saudi-arabia
#18
Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani, Shafiul Haque, Yousef Abdullah Almusalam, Saleh Lafi Alanezi, Yazeed Abdulaziz Alsulaiman, Mohammad Irshad, Shaffi Ahmed Shaik, Nehal Khamis
Academic misconduct/dishonesty has become widespread behavior among many university students across the globe, and medical education is not an exception. Until recently, few efforts have been made to study the dishonest behavior in Middle-Eastern universities. This study examined the prevalence and predisposing factors of cheating among medical students in Saudi Arabia and suggests suitable preventive measures. A cross-sectional survey-based study was conducted at a government medical college during the 2014-2015 academic year...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577507/the-volume-and-type-of-unhealthy-bus-shelter-advertising-around-schools-in-perth-western-australia-results-from-an-explorative-study
#19
Ashleigh Parnell, Melinda Edmunds, Hannah Pierce, Melissa J Stoneham
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Exposure to advertising for unhealthy food, alcohol and gambling has been shown to influence children and adolescents' behaviours and attitudes. This exploratory study aimed to assess the volume and type of unhealthy bus shelter advertisements near schools in five local government areas in Perth, Western Australia and to monitor whether the volume of unhealthy advertisements varied seasonally. METHODS: The 29 local governments in the Perth metropolitan region were contacted seeking information regarding the locations of bus shelters featuring advertisements in their local government area...
March 5, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576574/efficiency-of-light-curing-units-in-a-government-dental-school
#20
Hani M Nassar, Reem Ajaj, Fatin Hasanain
The light intensity of a light-curing unit is a crucial factor that affects the clinical longevity of resin composites. This study aimed to investigate the efficiency of light-curing units in use at a local governmental dental school for curing conventional and bulk-fill resin materials. A total of 166 light-curing units at three locations were examined, and the brand, type, clinic location, diameter of curing tip, tip cleanliness (using a visual score), and the output (in mW/cm2 using a digital radiometer) were recorded...
2018: Journal of Oral Science
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