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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742103/impact-of-teachers-training-on-hiv-aids-education-program-among-secondary-school-students-in-bangladesh-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Haribondhu Sarma, Mohammad Ashraful Islam, Jahidur Rahman Khan, Kamal Ibne Amin Chowdhury, Rukhsana Gazi
BACKGROUND: In 2007, the Government of Bangladesh incorporated a chapter on HIV/AIDS into the national curriculum for an HIV-prevention program for school students. For the efficient dissemination of knowledge, an intervention was designed to train the teachers and equip them to educate on the topic of HIV/AIDS. The present study intended to understand the impact of this intervention by assessing the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to HIV/AIDS, among the targeted students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735247/can-nurses-rise-to-the-public-health-challenge-how-a-novel-solution-in-nurse-education-can-address-this-contemporary-question
#2
EDITORIAL
Angela L Turner-Wilson, Anne M Mills, Karen Rees
This paper raises the problem of how improvements in health outcomes, a key component in many governments' strategies, can be achieved. The work highlights a novel undergraduate educational approach which offers solutions to public health challenges within nursing. Against the backdrop of one UK university institution it discusses approaches that can guide nursing students towards a deeper understanding and engagement within the principles of public health. It then proposes how nurses can use their learning to become leaders of health improvement...
July 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731555/who-does-nutrition-prevention-work-in-queensland-an-investigation-of-structural-and-political-workforce-reforms
#3
Helen Anna Vidgen, Meg Adam, Danielle Gallegos
AIM: This study aimed (i) to determine the change in the number of government-funded nutrition positions following structural and political reforms and (ii) to describe the remaining workforce available to do nutrition prevention work, including student placements, in Queensland. METHODS: Positions funded by the Queensland government were counted using departmental human resource data and compared with data collected 4 years earlier. Positions not funded by the government were identified using formal professional networks and governance group lists...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731550/food-allergy-in-schools-the-importance-of-government-involvement
#4
Tanya Lawlis, Sarah Bakonyi, Lauren T Williams
AIM: Children have the highest rates of food-related allergic reactions. While 85% of children outgrow allergies including cow's milk and eggs by five years of age, allergies to peanuts and seafood continue into adulthood. The school setting poses a high-risk environment for allergen exposure. The aim of the present study was to examine the availability, drivers and communication of school food allergy awareness and management policies/guidelines in one Australian education jurisdiction...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721988/attitude-of-bachelor-of-dental-surgery-students-and-interns-toward-teaching-learning-process-in-government-dental-college-kottayam-kerala-india
#5
Sandhya Gopalakrishnan, Philip Mathew, Kannan Vaidyanathan
INTRODUCTION: The educational environment affects the academic performance of students. One of the most widely utilized tools for measuring the educational environment is Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM). The objective of the study was to assess the attitude toward study environment, as measured using DREEM questionnaire, and to find out the differences in perception of various batches of dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All Bachelor of Dental Surgery students from Government Dental College, Kottayam, Kerala, India, were included in the study...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721177/antiretroviral-therapy-outcomes-among-hiv-infected-clients-in-gweru-city-zimbabwe-2006-2011-a-cohort-analysis
#6
Gerald Shambira, Notion Tafara Gombe, Casey Daniel Hall, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Joseph Asamoah Frimpong
The government of Zimbabwe began providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in public institutions in 2004. In Midlands province two clinics constituted the most active HIV care service points, with patients being followed up through a comprehensive patient monitoring and tracking system which captured specific patient variables and outcomes over time. The data from 2006 to 2011 were subjected to analysis to answer specific research questions and this case study is based on that analysis...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702486/survey-datasets-on-the-externalizing-behaviors-of-primary-school-pupils-and-secondary-school-students-in-some-selected-schools-in-ogun-state-nigeria
#7
Sheila A Bishop, Enahoro A Owoloko, Hilary I Okagbue, Pelumi E Oguntunde, Oluwole A Odetunmibi, Abiodun A Opanuga
This data article contains the partial analysis (descriptive statistics) of data obtained from 1770 primary school pupils and secondary school students in three Local Government Areas of Ogun State, Nigeria. The schools are either privately owned or public (government owned) schools. The aim of the field survey is to measure the level and patterns of externalizing behavior of the respondents. The data was collected using a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire is a modification of Achenbach manual for Child behavior checklist (Achenbach, 2001) [1] and manual for Youth self-report (Achenbach and Rescorla, 2001) [2]...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689105/structuring-educational-decisions-using-the-multiple-sorting-task-an-example-focusing-on-international-placements-in-nursing
#8
P Morrison, H Gluyas, N J Stomski
Practical examples of the steps involved in the planning and execution of the multiple sorting task are frequently lacking in published reports. This article demonstrates how the multiple sorting task can be used to structure conversations with a group of health professionals planning an international placement for nursing students. Sixteen participants were drawn from diverse professional backgrounds, including academia, clinical practice, government policy, and placement administrators. Participants sorted 17 statements written on cards into categories of their choice and noted why they sorted the cards into these particular groups...
June 30, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686628/the-rural-pipeline-to-longer-term-rural-practice-general-practitioners-and-specialists
#9
Marcella M S Kwan, Srinivas Kondalsamy-Chennakesavan, Geetha Ranmuthugala, Maree R Toombs, Geoffrey C Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Rural medical workforce shortage contributes to health disadvantage experienced by rural communities worldwide. This study aimed to determine the regional results of an Australian Government sponsored national program to enhance the Australian rural medical workforce by recruiting rural background students and establishing rural clinical schools (RCS). In particular, we wished to determine predictors of graduates' longer-term rural practice and whether the predictors differ between general practitioners (GPs) and specialists...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683722/epidemiology-of-pharyngitis-as-reported-by-zambian-school-children-and-their-families-implications-for-demand-side-interventions-to-prevent-rheumatic-heart-disease
#10
John Musuku, Joyce C Lungu, Elizabeth Machila, Catherine Jones, Laurence Colin, Sherri Schwaninger, Patrick Musonda, Brigitta Tadmor, Jonathan M Spector, Mark E Engel, Liesl J Zühlke
BACKGROUND: Prompt and appropriate treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis decreases the risk of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Understanding public perceptions and behaviors related to sore throat is fundamental to inform health programs aimed at eliminating new cases of RHD in endemic regions. We sought to describe the epidemiology of pediatric pharyngitis and its treatment, as reported by children and their parents or guardians in Lusaka, Zambia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional investigation using interviews and written surveys, nested in a school-based RHD prevalence study...
July 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671513/historic-leadership-one-courageous-school-nurse-s-heroic-journey-part-4
#11
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 4 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
July 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661353/systemsx-ch
#12
Daniel Vonder Mühll
SystemsX. ch has the objective of supporting and promoting the paradigm shift in life sciences research, moving from qualitative to quantitative and predictive biology. The Swiss government has invested CHF 220 million in around 250 interdisciplinary projects involving more than 400 research groups since 2008. Almost half of the projects are designed for PhD students and postdocs to train the next generation of systems biologists. The initiative will conclude in 2018; different measures will ensure its sustainable impact...
December 21, 2016: Chimia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658017/rethinking-the-match-a-proposal-for-modern-match-making
#13
Chris Ray, Steven E Bishop, Alan W Dow
Since the 1950s, the National Resident Matching Program, or "the Match," has governed the placement of medical students into residencies. The Match was created to protect students in an era when residency positions outnumbered applicants and hospitals pressured students early in their academic careers to commit to a residency position. Now, however, applicants outnumber positions, applicants are applying to increasing numbers of programs, and the costs of the Match for applicants and programs are high. Meanwhile, medical education is evolving toward a competency-based approach, a U...
June 27, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651637/early-postnatal-care-use-by-postpartum-mothers-in-mundri-east-county-south-sudan
#14
Jonathan Izudi, Grace Denise Akwang, Dinah Amongin
BACKGROUND: Globally, most maternal and newborn deaths are within the first week of delivery. Early postnatal-care (EPNC) visits between 2 and 7 days detects early morbidity and averts deaths. However, there is scarcity of information on use of EPNC in Mundri East County, South Sudan. This study investigated factors associated with EPNC use among postpartum mothers in Mundri East County, South Sudan. METHODS: This was an analytical cross-sectional study of 385 postpartum mothers from 13 health facilities...
June 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643400/a-study-of-regulatory-policies-and-relevant-issues-concerning-electronic-cigarette-use-in-taiwan
#15
Tzuu Hwa Jiang, Li Min Cheng, Matthew A Hawkins
Recent technological innovations have increased the amount of tobacco products available to smokers. In particular, electronic cigarettes, sometimes call e-cigarettes, have received substantial attention as their sales have rapidly increased. Electronic cigarettes were invented in China and now have become prevalent worldwide. Electronic cigarettes can be considered fashionable and come in numerous flavors; accordingly, many young adults and students have begun to use e-cigarettes. However, like traditional tobacco products, e-cigarettes have negative influences on human health...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642641/inequality-in-human-capital-and-endogenous-credit-constraints
#16
Rong Hai, James J Heckman
This paper investigates the determinants of inequality in human capital with an emphasis on the role of the credit constraints. We develop and estimate a model in which individuals face uninsured human capital risks and invest in education, acquire work experience, accumulate assets and smooth consumption. Agents can borrow from the private lending market and from government student loan programs. The private market credit limit is explicitly derived by extending the natural borrowing limit of Aiyagari (1994) to incorporate endogenous labor supply, human capital accumulation, psychic costs of working, and age...
April 2017: Review of Economic Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617787/rising-levels-of-new-zealand-medical-student-debt
#17
Antonia Verstappen, Phillippa Poole
AIM: There is little recent data on the debt levels accrued by New Zealand medical graduates. We aimed to quantify the level of student loan debt accrued by medical graduates upon completion of their medical degree, and to investigate the association of New Zealand Government Student Loan (GSL) debt with gender and age. METHODS: At graduation each year from 2006-2015, students from one New Zealand medical programme were invited to complete a career intention survey that included information on levels of GSL debt and the number of income sources used...
June 16, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614449/-evaluation-of-the-healthcare-network-for-persons-with-arterial-hypertension-study-of-a-health-district
#18
Cleuzieli Moraes Dos Santos, Ana Rita Barbieri, Crhistinne Cavalheiro Maymone Gonçalves, Daniel Henrique Tsuha
In the context of public health policies, healthcare network is a strategy that aims to promote people's equitable access to services and to reduce fragmentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of development of components in a healthcare network for hypertension. This was an ex-ante, cross-sectional evaluative study focused on the implementation of a healthcare network for persons with chronic diseases, applying a questionnaire to 17 health administrators from the municipalities (counties) comprising the largest health district in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608829/providing-a-clean-environment-for-adolescents-evaluation-of-the-tobacco-hazards-prevention-act-in-taiwan
#19
Min-Li Chen, Li-Na Chou, Ya-Cheng Zheng
Cigarette smoking not only damages the health of adolescents, but also contributes to air pollution. The Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act in Taiwan stipulates that cigarettes should not be sold to persons younger than 18 years. Therefore, schools should actively educate students and raise awareness of the Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act to reduce the level of damage to the health of adolescents and maintain good air quality. This study had two main goals: (1) to evaluate the stipulation that no person shall provide tobacco products to persons under the age of 18 and the effects of counseling strategies on store managers confirming customer ages before tobacco sale in southern Taiwan; and (2) to evaluate the situation of tobacco hazard prevention education conducted by school in southern Taiwan...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601979/young-people-s-awareness-on-biobanking-and-dna-profiling-results-of-a-questionnaire-administered-to-italian-university-students
#20
Pamela Tozzo, Antonio Fassina, Luciana Caenazzo
Current policy approaches to social and ethical issues surrounding biobanks manifest lack of public information given by researchers and government, despite the evidence that Italian citizens are well informed about technical and other public perspectives of biotechnologies. For this reason, the focus of our survey was to interview our University's students on these aspects. The sample consisted of Padua University students (N = 959), who were administered a questionnaire comprising eight questions covering their knowledge about biobanks, their perception of the related benefits and risks, their willingness to donate samples to a biobank for research purposes, their attitude to having their own DNA profile included in a forensic DNA database, and the reasons behind their answers...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
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