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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166183/the-development-of-an-interactive-health-education-model-based-on-the-djuwita-application-for-adolescent-girls
#1
Sri Djuwitaningsih, Setyowati
Alarming incidents of maternal deaths in Indonesia are due to three major causes: bleeding, sepsis, and hypertension, in addition to other non-obstetric causes and unsafe abortions. Adolescent girls contributed to maternal mortality based on early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, and childbirth. Prevention efforts have been taken through government programs and non-governmental organizations, but in practice those were considered ineffective. Thus, a preventative effort in the form of health education should be made, preferably embedded in a popular mobile application that most teenagers would be apt to use...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165120/high-prevalence-of-dental-fluorosis-among-adolescents-is-a-growing-concern-a-school-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southern-india
#2
Anand Verma, Bharatesh K Shetty, Vasudeva Guddattu, Mehul K Chourasia, Prachi Pundir
BACKGROUND: Fluorosis, caused by ingestion of excessive amount of fluoride through food or water, is a major public health problem in India. This study was undertaken to quantify the dental fluorosis burden among school going adolescents and to find factors associated with dental fluorosis in Kolar taluka, Karnataka, India. METHODS: A total of 1026 high school adolescents (12-17 years) were enrolled from different schools selected by stratified sampling method. Dental examination was done to record Dean's fluorosis index, and socio-demographic, food consumption and oral hygiene data were recorded using a pre-tested structured questionnaire...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164541/-the-application-of-information-and-communication-technology-ict-in-nursing-education
#3
Shwu-Fen Chiou, Hsiu-Chuan Su, Ean-Wen Huang
With the rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the 21st century, all walks of life have experienced disruptive changes, including the healthcare profession. Although nurses represent the largest number of professionals in medical institutions, it is doubtful whether nurses possess sufficient capabilities to face challenges in this era of rapid medical informatization. Currently, the courses necessary to cultivate information literacy in nursing students are insufficient in Taiwan, and traditional instruction methods are largely adopted as nursing teaching strategies...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162571/classroom-promotion-of-oral-language-cpol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-based-intervention-to-improve-children-s-literacy-outcomes-at-grade-3-oral-language-and-mental-health
#4
Sharon Goldfeld, Pamela Snow, Patricia Eadie, John Munro, Lisa Gold, Ha N D Le, Francesca Orsini, Beth Shingles, Katherine Lee, Judy Connell, Amy Watts
INTRODUCTION: Oral language and literacy competence are major influences on children's developmental pathways and life success. Children who do not develop the necessary language and literacy skills in the early years of school then go on to face long-term difficulties. Improving teacher effectiveness may be a critical step in lifting oral language and literacy outcomes. The Classroom Promotion of Oral Language trial aims to determine whether a specifically designed teacher professional learning programme focusing on promoting oral language can lead to improved teacher knowledge and practice, and advance outcomes in oral language and literacy for early years school children, compared with usual practice...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157645/law-based-arguments-and-messages-to-advocate-for-later-school-start-time-policies-in-the-united-states
#5
REVIEW
Clark J Lee, Dennis M Nolan, Steven W Lockley, Brent Pattison
The increasing scientific evidence that early school start times are harmful to the health and safety of teenagers has generated much recent debate about changing school start times policies for adolescent students. Although efforts to promote and implement such changes have proliferated in the United States in recent years, they have rarely been supported by law-based arguments and messages that leverage the existing legal infrastructure regulating public education and child welfare in the United States. Furthermore, the legal bases to support or resist such changes have not been explored in detail to date...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157285/map-of-biomedical-research-in-cameroon-a-documentary-review-of-approved-protocols-from-1997-to-2012
#6
Ebile Akoh Walter, Ateudjieu Jerome, Djuidje Ngounoue Marceline, Martin Ndinakie Yakum, Watcho Pierre
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, there has been a rapid increase in biomedical research in Cameroon. However, the question of whether these research projects target major health priorities, vulnerable populations and geographic locations at risk remains to be answered. The aim of this paper is to describe the state of biomedical research in Cameroon which is a key determinant that would guide future health care policies and promote equitable access to healthcare. METHODS: A documentary review of all approved protocols (proposals) of biomedical research projects, from 1997 through 2012, at the Cameroon National Ethics Committee...
November 21, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151667/searching-for-the-golden-model-of-education-cross-national-analysis-of-math-achievement
#7
Katerina Bodovski, Soo-Yong Byun, Volha Chykina, Hee Jin Chung
We utilized four waves of TIMSS data in addition to the information we have collected on countries' educational systems to examine whether different degrees of standardization, differentiation, proportion of students in private schools and governmental spending on education influence students' math achievement, its variation and socioeconomic status (SES) gaps in math achievement. Findings: A higher level of standardization of educational systems was associated with higher average math achievement. Greater expenditure on education (as % of total government expenditure) was associated with a lower level of dispersion of math achievement and smaller SES gaps in math achievement...
2017: Compare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140916/gender-disparities-in-medical-student-research-awards-a-thirteen-year-study-from-the-yale-school-of-medicine
#8
Joseph T King, Nancy R Angoff, John N Forrest, Amy C Justice
PURPOSE: Instruction in research conduct is currently required, and many U.S. medical schools require students to complete a research project. Each year all Yale School of Medicine (YSM) graduating students submit a research thesis, and ~5% are awarded highest honors. Gender disparities exist in areas related to physician research productivity, including academic rank, research funding, and publications. The authors asked whether gender disparities exist for medical student research. METHOD: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 1,120 theses submitted by graduating medical students from 2003-2015 at YSM and collected data on gender, mentoring, research type, sponsoring department, and other characteristics...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140642/raising-awareness-of-farm-equipment-on-public-roadways-in-tennessee
#9
Sandy Mehlhorn, Barbara Darroch, Staci Williams Jackson
A program was developed to educate young drivers about laws and guidelines governing farm equipment on public roadways in Tennessee. The goal of the program was to make young drivers aware of their responsibilities and the responsibilities of farm equipment drivers when sharing public roadways. A presentation was developed outlining the topics and was accompanied by identical pre- and post-surveys. The material was presented to drivers' education classes and agriculture science classes at several high schools in west and middle Tennessee...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124826/comparing-the-behavioral-impact-of-a-nudge-based-handwashing-intervention-to-high-intensity-hygiene-education-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-bangladesh
#10
Elise Grover, Mohammed Kamal Hossain, Saker Uddin, Mohini Venkatesh, Pavani K Ram, Robert Dreibelbis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of environmental nudges on handwashing behaviors among primary school children as compared to a high-intensity hygiene education intervention. METHODS: In a cluster-randomized trial (CRT), we compared the rates of handwashing with soap (HWWS) after a toileting event among primary school students in rural Bangladesh. Eligible schools (government run, on-site sanitation and water, no hygiene interventions in last year, fewer than 450 students) were identified and 20 schools were randomly selected and allocated without blinding to one of four interventions, five schools per group: simultaneous handwashing infrastructure and nudge construction, sequential infrastructure then nudge construction, simultaneous infrastructure and high-intensity hygiene education (HE) and sequential handwashing infrastructure and HE...
November 10, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121923/decentralised-training-for-medical-students-a-scoping-review
#11
Marietjie de Villiers, Susan van Schalkwyk, Julia Blitz, Ian Couper, Kalavani Moodley, Zohray Talib, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, medical students are trained at sites away from the tertiary academic health centre. A growing body of literature identifies the benefits of decentralised clinical training for students, the health services and the community. A scoping review was done to identify approaches to decentralised training, how these have been implemented and what the outcomes of these approaches have been in an effort to provide a knowledge base towards developing a model for decentralised training for undergraduate medical students in lower and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
November 9, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119591/widening-participation-in-medicine-new-insights-from-school-students-aspirations
#12
Jennifer Gore, Sally Patfield, Kathryn Holmes, Maxwell Smith
OBJECTIVES: Students from lower socio-economic status backgrounds continue to be under-represented in medical education. Although various initiatives have been implemented by universities to widen participation, their effectiveness and their timing remain contentious. Prior studies have primarily focused on students already on a medical pathway, with little analytical attention given to the aspirations of primary and secondary school-aged students. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of students who express early interest in medicine and ascertain the degree to which diversification of the future medical student cohort is indicated...
November 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115194/the-development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-multicomponent-health-promotion-intervention-seher-for-secondary-schools-in-bihar-india
#13
Sachin Shinde, Bernadette Pereira, Prachi Khandeparkar, Amit Sharma, George Patton, David A Ross, Helen A Weiss, Vikram Patel
BACKGROUND: Schools can play an important role in health promotion by improving students' health literacy, attitudes, health-related behaviours, social connection and self-efficacy. These interventions can be particularly valuable in low- and middle-income countries with low health literacy and high burden of disease. However, the existing literature provides poor guidance for the implementation of school-based interventions in low-resource settings. This paper describes the development and pilot testing of a multicomponent school-based health promotion intervention for adolescents in 75 government-run secondary schools in Bihar, India...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101835/blending-virtual-with-conventional-learning-to-improve-student-midwifery-skills-in-india
#14
Sudharsanam Manni Balasubramaniam, Saurabh Bhargava, Neeraj Agrawal, Rashmi Asif, Lalhmangaihi Chawngthu, Pallavi Sinha, Somesh Kumar, Bulbul Sood
India's state of Bihar has suboptimal quality of pre-service training for auxiliary nurse midwives. To address this, state government of Bihar implemented a blended training model to supplement conventional classroom teaching with virtual training. A 72-hour virtual training package with updated content on key maternal and newborn health practices was developed for final year students and broadcasted from one instructor location simultaneously to two auxiliary nurse midwives training centres. This pre-post intervention study compared skills of two auxiliary nurse midwife student cohorts...
October 23, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097357/preventing-depression-in-final-year-secondary-students-school-based-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Yael Perry, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Alison Calear, Andrew Mackinnon, Catherine King, Jan Scott, Sally Merry, Theresa Fleming, Karolina Stasiak, Helen Christensen, Philip J Batterham
BACKGROUND: Depression often emerges for the first time during adolescence. There is accumulating evidence that universal depression prevention programs may have the capacity to reduce the impact of depression when delivered in the school environment. OBJECTIVE: This trial investigated the effectiveness of SPARX-R, a gamified online cognitive behavior therapy intervention for the prevention of depression relative to an attention-matched control intervention delivered to students prior to facing a significant stressor-final secondary school exams...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093828/exposure-to-violence-and-mental-health-of-adolescents-south-african-health-and-well-being-study
#16
Stephen A Stansfeld, Catherine Rothon, Jayati Das-Munshi, Cathy Mathews, Arlene Adams, Charlotte Clark, Crick Lund
Background: Material and social environmental stressors affect mental health in adolescence. Protective factors such as social support from family and friends may help to buffer the effects of adversity. Aims: The association of violence exposure and emotional disorders was examined in Cape Town adolescents. Method: A total of 1034 Grade 8 high school students participated from seven government co-educational schools in Cape Town, South Africa...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083982/stop-the-spam-conference-ethics-and-decoding-the-subtext-in-post-truth-science-what-would-denis-diderot-say
#17
Vural Ă–zdemir, Collet Dandara, Nezih Hekim, Kean Birch, Simon Springer, Tanja Kunej, Laszlo Endrenyi
Science and its practice always had a subtext, subject to influence by scientists', funders', and other innovation actors' values and assumptions. The recent emergence of post-truth, authoritarian and populist penchants, in both developed and developing countries, has further blurred the already fluid boundaries between material scientific facts and their social construction/shaping by scientific subtext, human values, powers, and hegemony. While there are certain checks, balances, and oversight mechanisms for publication ethics, other pillars of science communication, most notably, scientific conferences and their governance, are ill prepared for post-truth science...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083295/social-media-technology-and-public-health-in-ontario-findings-from-a-planning-meeting-exploring-current-practices-and-future-research-directions
#18
Richard Booth, Josephine McMurray, Sandra Regan, Anita Kothari, Lorie Donelle, Susan McBride, Annette Sobel, Jodi Hall, Robert Fraser, Lyndsay Foisey
In the province of Ontario, many of the public health units (PHUs) now possess and use social media as part of their daily health promotion and communication operations. To explore this topic, a planning meeting was held to generate deeper insights toward the use of these forms of technology for preventative services delivery. The planning meeting was held with 50 participants, comprising representatives from 20 of the 36 PHUs in Ontario, interested academics, students and government representatives. A nominal group technique (NGT) was used to build consensus related to future research needs, as related to public health and social media...
2017: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082901/pattern-and-predictors-of-brain-fag-syndrome-among-senior-secondary-school-students-in-calabar-nigeria
#19
Emmanuel Aniekan Essien, Chidi John Okafor, Joseph Okegbe, Owoidoho Udofia
CONTEXT: Brain Fag syndrome (BFS) is a culture-bound disorder that is quite common among Nigerian students. It is known to be associated with study difficulty, and in severe cases, discontinuation of education. Little is known about its pattern and predictors among secondary school (SS) students in Calabar. AIMS: This study aims to determine the pattern and sociodemographic predictors of BFS among SS students in Calabar. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Stratified sampling was used in this cross-sectional study to recruit 1091 students from ten SSs in Calabar metropolis...
July 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078769/this-moral-coil-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-canadian-medical-student-attitudes-toward-medical-assistance-in-dying
#20
Eli Xavier Bator, Bethany Philpott, Andrew Paul Costa
BACKGROUND: In February, 2015, the Supreme Court of Canada struck down the ban on medical assistance in dying (MAiD). In June, 2016, the federal government passed Bill C-14, permitting MAiD. Current medical students will be the first physician cohort to enter a system permissive of MAiD, and may help to ensure equitable access to care. This study assessed medical student views on MAiD, factors influencing these views, and opportunities for medical education. METHODS: An exploratory cross-sectional survey was developed and distributed to medical students across all years of a three-year Canadian undergraduate medical program...
October 27, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
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