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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086953/student-and-faculty-perceptions-on-the-rapid-scale-up-of-medical-students-in-ethiopia
#1
Brittney S Mengistu, Holly Vins, Caitrin M Kelly, Daphne R McGee, Jennifer O Spicer, Miliard Derbew, Abebe Bekele, Damen Haile Mariam, Carlos Del Rio, Henry M Blumberg, Dawn L Comeau
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a country of over 94 million people that has a severe physician shortage with approximately only 2.5 physicians per 100,000 persons. Recently, the Ethiopian government implemented a "flood and retain" initiative to rapidly increase the quantity of physicians in Ethiopia. Consequently, medical student enrollment at Addis Ababa University (AAU) School of Medicine increased from 100 to approximately 300-400 students per class. This study evaluated the impact of the rapid scale-up in the number of medical students on the quality of medical education at AAU and the impact of the U...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077151/multi-strategic-intervention-to-enhance-implementation-of-healthy-canteen-policy-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole Nathan, Lisa M Janssen, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Tessa Delaney, Christopher M Williams, Colin Bell, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Libby Campbell, Christophe Lecathelinais, Chris Oldmeadow, Megan Freund, Sze Lin Yoong
BACKGROUND: Internationally, governments have implemented school-based nutrition policies to restrict the availability of unhealthy foods from sale. The aim of the trial was to assess the effectiveness of a multi-strategic intervention to increase implementation of a state-wide healthy canteen policy. The impact of the intervention on the energy, total fat, and sodium of children's canteen purchases and on schools' canteen revenue was also assessed. METHODS: Australian primary schools with a canteen were randomised to receive a 12-14-month, multi-strategic intervention or to a no intervention control group...
January 11, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076320/solid-waste-management-in-thailand-an-overview-and-case-study-tha-khon-yang-sub-district
#3
Nachalida Yukalang, Beverley Dawn Clarke, Kirstin Elizabeth Ross
Due to rapid urbanization, solid waste management (SWM) has become a significant issue in several developing countries including Thailand. Policies implemented by the Central Thai Government to manage SWM issues have had only limited success. This article reviews current municipal waste management plans in Thailand and examines municipal waste management at the local level, with focus on the Tha Khon Yang sub-district surrounding Mahasarakham University in Mahasarakham Province. Within two decades this area has been converted from a rural to an urban landscape featuring accommodation for over 45,000 university students and a range of business facilities...
January 11, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075296/a-dangerous-game
#4
James Buchan
The government's ending of the cap on nurse training places in 2017 in England was a calculated gamble. The hope was to contain public funding for nurse education while encouraging growth in nursing student numbers by using other funding models. In short, more nurses are being trained, but someone else is picking up the tab.
January 11, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074059/school-environment-and-policies-child-eating-behavior-and-overweight-obesity-in-urban-china-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#5
P Jia, M Li, H Xue, L Lu, F Xu, Y Wang
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is rising rapidly in China, especially in urban areas. Knowledge about how school environment and policies (SEP) may have contributed to the epidemic remains limited. We examined SEP and their associations with students' eating behaviors and overweight/obesity in urban China. METHODS: Data were collected from 1648 students (plus their parents and schools) in 16 primary and middle schools (4 schools/per city) in four mega-cities across China: Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an...
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069360/zika-virus-knowledge-attitudes-and-vaccine-interest-among-university-students
#6
Julia E Painter, Ashley N Plaster, Dylan H Tjersland, Kathryn H Jacobsen
BACKGROUND: Zika virus vaccine development is underway. We examined interest in receiving a Zika virus vaccine (after one becomes commercially available) among students at a large public university in Northern Virginia. METHODS: An online survey of Zika virus-related knowledge, attitudes, and interest in receiving a Zika vaccine was completed by 619 undergraduate students in April, 2016. Stepwise logistic regression with backward elimination was used to identify the variables most strongly associated with interest in being vaccinated against Zika virus...
January 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063821/-influence-of-postcode-on-paediatric-admissions-in-seville
#7
Sebastián Tornero Patricio, Liliana Charris-Castro, Mercedes Granero Asencio, Antonio Daponte Codina
INTRODUCTION: The postcode (where the home is situated) is an indicator of socioeconomic status and is associated with morbidity, mortality, and the use of health services. The aim of this study was to analyse its effects on paediatric admissions and to determine the rates of the most common causes of paediatric admissions in Seville. MATHERIAL AND METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study with two analysis units: under 15 year-old "admissions" in public hospitals in Seville (n=2,660) and "city districts" of Seville (n=11)...
January 4, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056975/impact-of-medical-student-origins-on-the-likelihood-of-ultimately-practicing-in-areas-of-low-vs-high-socio-economic-status
#8
Ian B Puddey, Denese E Playford, Annette Mercer
INTRODUCTION: Medical schools are in general over-represented by students from high socio-economic status backgrounds. The University of Western Australia Medical School has been progressively widening the participation of students from a broader spectrum of the community both through expanded selection criteria and quota-based approaches for students of rural, indigenous and other socio-educationally disadvantaged backgrounds. We proposed that medical students entering medical school from such backgrounds would ultimately be more likely to practice in areas of increased socio-economic disadvantage...
January 5, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050995/anaemia-in-adolescent-girls-an-intervention-of-diet-editing-and-counselling
#9
Andezhath K Susheela, Rashmi Gupta, Nisith K Mondal
BACKGROUND: Though a major public health problem of nutritional anaemia in schoolchildren is being addressed by iron supplementation and/or fortified food, they continue to be anaemic. We aimed to study the effect of fluoride consumption on haemoglobin levels and whether elimination of fluoride from the diet would correct anaemia in children. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty adolescent girls, 10-17 years of age, from a government senior secondary girls school in East Delhi, participated in the programme...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050496/the-insight-for-initiation-and-maintenance-of-areca-nut-chewing-habit-and-its-effects-on-oral-health-status-among-school-age-population-in-western-rajasthan-india
#10
Abhishek Singhvi, Ashish Joshi, Neeta Bagul, Sanya Bhatia, Gurdeep Singh, Rajkumari Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Areca nut is highly carcinogenic according to International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Its usage is continuously increasing in children and adolescents in India. AIM: The aim of the study was to understand the reasons for the development of the areca nut chewing habit at early age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2846 subjects were surveyed from rural government schools between ages of 4 to18 years in Western Rajasthan, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050419/prevalence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-ibs-migraine-and-co-existing-ibs-migraine-in-medical-students
#11
Irin Perveen, Rukhsana Parvin, Madhusudan Saha, Md Shafiqul Bari, Md Nazmul Huda, Mridul Kanti Ghosh
INTRODUCTION: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and migraine frequently co-exist. Stress is a major contributing factor for both. Our medical students are subjected to stress related to the implicit responsibility of courses. But the prevalence of IBS, migraine and co-existing migraine in medical students is not known. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of migraine, IBS and co-existing IBS and migraine among medical students. A Cross-Sectional Survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Self-reported questionnaire based study, was conducted in which migraine was defined according to International Headache Society (IHS) criteria while IBS by both Asian criteria and Rome III criteria...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046695/mo-de-bra-03-the-ottawa-medical-physics-institute-ompi-a-practical-model-for-academic-program-collaboration-in-a-multi-centre-city
#12
M McEwen, D Rogers, P Johns/Sup
PURPOSE: To build a world-class medical physics educational program that capitalizes on expertise distributed over several clinical, government, and academic centres. Few if any of these centres would have the critical mass to solely resource a program. METHODS: In order to enable an academic program, stakeholders from five institutions made a proposal to Carleton University for a) a research network with defined membership requirements and a process for accepting new members, and b) a graduate specialization (MSc and PhD) in medical physics...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033072/historic-leadership
#13
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 1 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
January 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032532/the-missing-the-martyred-and-the-disappeared-global-networks-technical-intensification-and-the-end-of-human-rights-genetics
#14
Lindsay A Smith
In 1984, a group of Argentine students, trained by US academics, formed the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team to apply the latest scientific techniques to the excavation of mass graves and identification of the dead, and to work toward transitional justice. This inaugurated a new era in global forensic science, as groups of scientists in the Global South worked outside of and often against local governments to document war crimes in post-conflict settings. After 2001, however, with the inauguration of the war on terror following the September 11(th) attacks on the World Trade Center in New York, global forensic science was again remade through US and European investment to increase preparedness in the face of potential terrorist attacks...
December 1, 2016: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027149/thirteenth-annual-warren-k-sinclair-keynote-address-where-are-the-radiation-professionals-warp
#15
Richard E Toohey
In July 2013, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements convened a workshop for representatives from government, professional organizations, academia, and the private sector to discuss a potential shortage of radiation protection professionals in the not-too-distant future. This shortage manifests itself in declining membership of professional societies, decreasing enrollment in university programs in the radiological sciences, and perhaps most importantly, the imminent retirement of the largest birth cohort in American history, the so-called "baby boomer" generation...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002719/establishing-a-sustainable-childhood-obesity-monitoring-system-in-regional-victoria
#16
Nicholas Crooks, Claudia Strugnell, Colin Bell, Steve Allender
Issue addressed: Childhood obesity poses a significant immediate and long-term burden to individuals, societies and health systems. Infrequent and inadequate monitoring has led to uncertainty about trends in childhood obesity prevalence in many countries. High-quality data, collected at regular intervals, over extended timeframes, with high response rates and timely feedback are essential to support prevention efforts. Our aim was to establish a sustainable childhood obesity monitoring system in regional Australia to collect accurate anthropometric and behavioural data, provide timely feedback to communities and build community engagement and capacity...
December 19, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998330/medical-science-meets-development-aid-transfer-and-adaptation-of-west-german-microbiology-to-togo-1960-1980
#17
Carola Rensch, Walter Bruchhausen
After losing the importance it had held around 1900 both as a colonial power and in the field of tropical medicine, Germany searched for a new place in international health care during decolonisation. Under the aegis of early government 'development aid', which started in 1956, medical academics from West German universities became involved in several Asian, African and South American countries. The example selected for closer study is the support for the national hygiene institute in Togo, a former German 'model colony' and now a stout ally of the West...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977381/review-of-2016-a-year-of-challenges-and-triumphs-for-nurses
#18
Stephanie Jones-Berry
January [Figure: see text] Thousands of people marched on Downing Street in protest against Whitehall plans to scrap nursing students' bursaries and replace them with loans. Anger against the government continued as the Department of Health argued that annual pay rises for NHS nurses in England should be capped at 1%. Many nurses pledged support for their medical colleagues as junior doctors went on the first of several unprecedented strikes over pay and conditions.
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977373/what-will-2017-hold-for-the-nursing-profession
#19
(no author information available yet)
Education and training Nurse education will see huge changes in 2017. Most radical is the controversial end to bursaries for nursing students in England. From September, funding will come through the tuition fees and student loans system instead, a government move that led to mass protests in 2016.
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974281/spirituality-and-spiritual-care-perspectives-among-baccalaureate-nursing-students-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Farhan Alshammari, Khalaf Aied Alotaibi, Paolo C Colet
BACKGROUND: No study has been undertaken to understand how spirituality and spiritual care is perceived and implemented by Saudi nursing students undergoing training for their future professional roles as nurses. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the perception of Baccalaureate nursing students toward spirituality and spiritual care. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional design was employed. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 338 baccalaureate nursing students in two government-run universities in Saudi Arabia was included in this study...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
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