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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334752/the-road-to-registration-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-practitioner-training-in-north-queensland
#1
Kristy Hill, Nichole Harvey, Catrina Felton-Busch, Judy Hoskins, Roy Rasalam, Peter Malouf, Sabina Knight
CONTEXT: In 2012, the new profession of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health practitioner (ATSIHP) was registered under the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law Act 2009. The project in this present study evolved out of the Australian Government\'s recognition of the need for the existing Indigenous health worker (IHW) workforce to meet the minimum qualification requirements for registration as ATSIHPs through recognition of prior learning and/or further education. A total of 53 IHWs participated in the upskilling project between June 2014 and June 2015, with approximately 200 IHWs from Queensland expressing an interest in undertaking the training...
January 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334020/gender-atypical-personality-or-sexual-behavior-what-is-disgusting-about-male-homosexuality
#2
T Andrew Caswell, Kyrsten Sackett-Fox
Research consistently finds that homosexuality elicits strong feelings of disgust, but the reasons remain unclear. In the current research, we investigate responses to gay men who violate social norms governing the expression of gender and sexuality. Two hundred forty-three college undergraduates read a vignette about a gay male college student whose personality traits (masculine, feminine, or neutral) and sexual behavior (active vs. passive) varied, and reported their affective responses to and cognitive appraisals of the target...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332109/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-comorbid-psychiatric-and-behavioral-problems-among-primary-school-students-in-western-saudi-arabia
#3
Faten N AlZaben, Mohammad G Sehlo, Waleed A Alghamdi, Haythum O Tayeb, Doaa A Khalifa, Abdulrahman T Mira, Abdulaziz M Alshuaibi, Mosab A Alguthmi, Ahmad A Derham, Harold G Koenig
To determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), subtypes of ADHD, and psychiatric, academic, and behavioral comorbidity in public primary school students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A simple random sample of 6 primary government schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was identified (3 male, 3 female), and a random sample of classes in each of grades 1-6 were selected. Between July and November 2016, teachers in these classes were asked to complete the Vanderbilt ADHD scale on all students in their classes...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331095/household-food-insecurity-and-its-association-with-morbidity-report-among-school-adolescent-in-jimma-zone-ethiopia
#4
Dessalegn Tamiru, Tefera Belachew
Background Household food insecurity has a substantial contribution to poor health outcomes among young children and adolescents. Food insecurity also affects optimal cognitive development and physiological function of these vulnerable groups. There is a gap of documented data regarding the association of food insecurity and morbidity among school adolescents in Ethiopia. Objective The aim of this study is to assess the interrelationship of household food insecurity and morbidity report among school adolescent in Jimma zone, Ethiopia...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316686/pharmacy-practice-and-education-in-romania
#5
Roxana Sandulovici, Constantin Mircioiu, Cristina Rais, Jeffrey Atkinson
The PHARMINE ("Pharmacy Education in Europe") project examined the organisation of pharmacy practice and education in the European Union (EU). An electronic survey was sent out to representatives of different sectors (community, hospital, industrial pharmacists, university staff, and students) in each individual EU member state. This paper presents the results of the PHARMINE survey on pharmacy practice and education in Romania. In the light of this data we examine to what extent harmonisation of practice and education with EU norms has occurred, whether this has promoted mobility of pharmacy professionals, academics and students, and what impact it has had on healthcare in Romania...
January 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311534/selection-and-management-of-medical-official-during-the-yuan-dynasty
#6
Dae-Gi Kim
Although the healthcare system of the Yuan Dynasty followed that of the Song Dynasty, there are certain differences between these two dynasties in terms of practices. Including appointing 'Yihus' in 'Zhusehuji' and setting up 'Guanyitijusi' to oversee Yihus, the Yuan Dynasty developed an effective management system for their physicians and, soon after the coronation of Khubilai, built 'Yixue (Medical school)' all over its territories in order to establish an organized and substantial medical training system...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307232/health-improvement-and-educational-attainment-in-secondary-schools-complementary-or-competing-priorities-exploratory-analyses-from-the-school-health-research-network-in-wales
#7
Hannah J Littlecott, Sara Long, Jemma Hawkins, Simon Murphy, Gillian Hewitt, Gemma Eccles, Adam Fletcher, Graham F Moore
BACKGROUND: Implementing health improvement is often perceived as diverting resource away from schools' core business, reflecting an assumption of a "zero-sum game" between health and education. There is some evidence that health behaviors may affect young people's educational outcomes. However, associations between implementation of school health improvement and educational outcomes remains underinvestigated. METHODS: The study linked school-level data on free school meal (FSM) entitlement, educational outcomes, and school attendance, obtained from government websites, with data from the School Environment Questionnaire (SEQ) on health improvement activity collected in Wales (2015/2016)...
January 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306888/visibility-of-smoking-among-school-teachers-in-spain-and-associations-with-student-smoking-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
José Julián Escario, Anna V Wilkinson
OBJECTIVE: Limited research has examined the association between smoking among schoolteachers and student smoking. This paper seeks to assess whether smoking visibility on school grounds among schoolteachers is associated with student smoking. We examine both smoking behaviour and the number of cigarettes consumed. METHODS: We use a school-based cross-sectional survey carried out by the Spanish Government's Delegation for the National Plan on Drugs. A total of 27 503 students between 14 and 18 years of age completed an anonymous survey in 2013...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305517/allergy-teaching-is-suboptimal-and-heterogeneous-in-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-in-the-uk
#9
Emily Frances Reid, Mamidupudi Thirumala Krishna, Claire Bethune
AIM: To record the level of allergy teaching occurring in UK medical schools. The UK has experienced an 'allergy epidemic' during the last 3-4 decades. Previous government reviews have emphasised the importance of allergy education and training, treating common allergies in primary care with referral pathways to a specialist and the creation of regional networks. It is acknowledged that the delivery of allergy teaching in UK medical schools is variable, despite the well-recognised need...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302555/prevalence-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-among-school-going-adolescent-in-chandigarh
#10
Raman Kumar Sandal, Naveen Krishan Goel, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Ravleen Kaur Bakshi, Navpreet Singh, Dinesh Kumar
Context: Depressive disorders often start at a young age. There is a need for early identification of depression, anxiety, and stress (DAS) and prevention. The present study was undertaken to find the magnitude of DAS among adolescents. Aims: To find the mental health status of school going adolescents in Chandigarh. The objectives were (i) to study the prevalence of DAS among school going adolescents and (ii) to study the correlates of DAS. Settings and Design: A Cross-sectional survey of students of four classes from 9th to 12th studying in government schools...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302527/introducing-gender-equity-to-adolescent-school-children-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Saba Syed
Background: Over the past decade, gender equality and women's empowerment have been explicitly recognized as key not only to the health of nations but also to social and economic development. The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of a mixed methods' participatory group education approach to introduce gender equity to adolescent school children. It also assessed baseline and postintervention knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding gender equity, sexual and reproductive health among adolescent students in government-aided schools, and finally, compare the pre- and post-intervention gender equitable (GE) attitudes among the study participants...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283599/perfectionism-is-increasing-over-time-a-meta-analysis-of-birth-cohort-differences-from-1989-to-2016
#12
Thomas Curran, Andrew P Hill
From the 1980s onward, neoliberal governance in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom has emphasized competitive individualism and people have seemingly responded, in kind, by agitating to perfect themselves and their lifestyles. In this study, the authors examine whether cultural changes have coincided with an increase in multidimensional perfectionism in college students over the last 27 years. Their analyses are based on 164 samples and 41,641 American, Canadian, and British college students, who completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt & Flett, 1991) between 1989 and 2016 (70...
December 28, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282069/health-system-s-response-for-physician-workforce-shortages-and-the-upcoming-crisis-in-ethiopia-a-grounded-theory-research
#13
Tsion Assefa, Damen Haile Mariam, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Miliard Derbew
BACKGROUND: A rapid transition from severe physician workforce shortage to massive production to ensure the physician workforce demand puts the Ethiopian health care system in a variety of challenges. Therefore, this study discovered how the health system response for physician workforce shortage using the so-called flooding strategy was viewed by different stakeholders. METHODS: The study adopted the grounded theory research approach to explore the causes, contexts, and consequences (at the present, in the short and long term) of massive medical student admission to the medical schools on patient care, medical education workforce, and medical students...
December 28, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281875/knowledge-attitudes-preventive-practices-and-screening-intention-about-colorectal-cancer-and-the-related-factors-among-residents-in-guangzhou-china
#14
Min-Yi Wang, Guo-Zhen Lin, Yan Li, Hang Dong, Yu-Huang Liao, Hua-Zhang Liu, Ze-Fang Ren
Background: In Guangzhou, China, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer. The government initiated a CRC screening program in 2015, and investigating the knowledge, attitudes, and practices toward CRC would help facilitate the participation of the program. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from October 2014 to September 2015. Questionnaires were passed out with a cluster sample in 15 randomly selected primary schools of Guangzhou China, and one of each student’s family members aged between 20 to 65 years old were included...
December 28, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280755/using-relational-reasoning-strategies-to-help-improve-clinical-reasoning-practice
#15
Denis Dumas, Dario M Torre, Steven J Durning
Clinical reasoning-the steps up to and including establishing a diagnosis and/or therapy-is a fundamentally important mental process for physicians. Unfortunately, mounting evidence suggests that errors in clinical reasoning lead to substantial problems for medical professionals and patients alike, including suboptimal care, malpractice claims, and rising health care costs. For this reason, cognitive strategies by which clinical reasoning may be improved-and that many expert clinicians are already utilizing-are highly relevant for all medical professionals, educators, and learners...
December 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280752/medical-graduates-truthful-and-useful-analytics-with-big-data-and-the-art-of-persuasion
#16
Des Gorman, T Michael Kashner
The authors propose that the provision of state-of-the-art, effective, safe, and affordable health care requires medical school graduates not only to be competent practitioners and scientists, but also to be policy makers and professional leaders. To meet this challenge in the era of big data and cloud computing, these graduates must be able to understand and critically interpret analyses of large, observational datasets from electronic health records, third party claims files, surveys, and epidemiologic health datasets...
December 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278933/evaluating-the-contribution-of-the-built-environment-on-obesity-among-new-york-state-students
#17
Adenantera Dwicaksono, Ian Brissette, Guthrie S Birkhead, Christine T Bozlak, Erika G Martin
OBJECTIVES: One third of school-aged children in New York State (NYS) are overweight or obese, with large geographic disparities across local regions. We used NYS student obesity surveillance data to assess whether these geographical variations are attributable to the built environment. METHOD: We combined NYS Student Weight Status Category Reporting System 2010-2012 data with other government publicly available data. Ordinary least squares regression models identified key determinants of school district-level student obesity rates for elementary and middle/high schools...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259942/prevalence-of-health-risk-behaviors-among-government-schools-students-in-jordan
#18
Ahmad Yahya Al-Sagarat, Mahmoud Taher Al Kalaldeh
Background: Adolescence is a developmental stage associated with many behavioural fluctuations and health risks behaviours. In this study, various health risk behaviours among Government school students in Jordan were assessed. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study recruited 1256 students from 20 secondary schools all over the country. Students completed the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS, 2009-2012). The study was conducted in the period between Feb 2016 and Aug 2016...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244968/the-house-of-lords-debates-wound-care-strategy
#19
Paul Browning
On Tuesday 22 November, the House of Lords (London, UK) held a short debate 'Improving the standard of wound care in the NHS.' It consisted of nine questions from the floor and a response from Lord O'Shaughnessy, The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Health (Conservative). Here, Paul Browning, (Doctoral Research Student, University of Worcester, employed by 3M UK plc) summarises the key points from the evening and explains why it is so important we keep wound care on the Government's agenda.
December 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243385/assessing-the-impact-of-early-learning-programs-in-africa
#20
REVIEW
Amber Gove, Tracy Brunette, Jennae Bulat, Bidemi Carrol, Catherine Henny, Wykia Macon, Evangeline Nderu, Yasmin Sitabkhan
We present results from early learning programs in six African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda. In partnership with ministries of education, RTI International has worked within government systems to support the design and deployment of locally contextualized materials, training, and assessment tools, with the goal of improving outcomes for early learners in primary schools, and in Kenya and Tanzania preprimary as well. Here we report on the experience and evidence of impact from specific programs in each country, including summary assessment results when available...
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
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