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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915111/the-effect-of-group-counseling-based-on-self-awareness-skill-on-sexual-risk-taking-among-girl-students-in-gorgan-iran-a-randomized-trial
#1
Golnoosh Kabiri, Tayebe Ziaei, Masumeh Rezaei Aval, Mohammad Ali Vakili
Background Sexual puberty in adolescents occurs before their mental and emotional maturity and exposes them to high-risk sexual behaviors. Because sexual risk-taking occurs before adolescents become involved in a sexual relationship, this study was conducted to identify the effect of group counseling based on self-awareness skill on sexual risk-taking among female high school students in Gorgan in order to suggest some preventative measures. Methods The present parallel study is a randomized field trial conducted on 96 girl students who were studying in grades 10, 11 and 12 of high school with an age range of 14-18 years old...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904965/prevalence-of-smear-positive-tuberculosis-among-patients-who-visited-saint-paul-s-specialized-hospital-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#2
Dinna Abera Nugussie, Getachew Ali Mohammed, Anteneh Tesfaye Tefera
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a health problem in both developed and developing countries, including Ethiopia. OBJECTIVE: In this study, the prevalence of smear-positive tuberculosis among presumptive TB cases who visited the hospital was assessed. METHOD: Acid fast bacilli (AFB) test was performed on samples collected from 200 presumptive TB cases. Data were analyzed using appropriate statistical tools. RESULT: Among 200 presumptive TB cases, 10% (20 individuals) (60% were male and 40% were female) were found to be positive for the AFB...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904325/new-medical-education-reform-in-china-towards-healthy-china-2030
#3
Peipei Song, Chunlin Jin, Wei Tang
On July 11, 2017, the State Council of China issued a bold plan to revolutionize medical education and promote collaboration between medical education and practice. The cornerstone of the plan is training more qualified medical professionals to improve public healthcare on the path to Healthy China 2030. According to this plan, a "5+3" training system will be instituted to train medical professionals in China, and top medical colleges will be encouraged to recruit more students. However, given the less-than-ideal professional status of Chinese doctors, the frequent incidents of violence against them, long working hours and a heavy workload, and an unsatisfactory income, attracting personnel to work in medicine and health care has become a challenge...
2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901239/ethical-issues-in-action-oriented-research-in-indonesia
#4
Rini Rachmawaty
BACKGROUND: Action-oriented research is one of the most frequent research types implemented to transform community health in Indonesia. Three researchers and 11 graduate students from a developed country in East Asia conducted a fieldwork program in a remote area in South Sulawesi Province. Although the project was completed, whether or not the international standards for human subject research were applied into that study remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine ethical issues raised from that case, analyze constraints to the problems, and recommend alternatives to protect vulnerable populations from being exploited by local/international researchers...
September 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895921/food-and-beverage-marketing-in-schools-a-review-of-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Cayley E Velazquez, Jennifer L Black, Monique Potvin Kent
Despite growing interest from government agencies, non-governmental organizations and school boards in restricting or regulating unhealthy food and beverage marketing to children, limited research has examined the emerging knowledge base regarding school-based food and beverage marketing in high-income countries. This review examined current approaches for measuring school food and beverage marketing practices, and evidence regarding the extent of exposure and hypothesized associations with children's diet-related outcomes...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890739/towards-a-moral-ecology-of-pharmacological-cognitive-enhancement-in-british-universities
#6
Meghana Kasturi Vagwala, Aude Bicquelet, Gabija Didziokaite, Ross Coomber, Oonagh Corrigan, Ilina Singh
Few empirical studies in the UK have examined the complex social patterns and values behind quantitative estimates of the prevalence of pharmacological cognitive enhancement (PCE). We conducted a qualitative investigation of the social dynamics and moral attitudes that shape PCE practices among university students in two major metropolitan areas in the UK. Our thematic analysis of eight focus groups (n = 66) suggests a moral ecology that operates within the social infrastructure of the university. We find that PCE resilience among UK university students is mediated by normative and cultural judgments disfavoring competitiveness and prescription drug taking...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890577/de-facto-privatization-and-inequalities-in-educational-opportunity-in-the-transition-to-secondary-school-in-rural-malawi
#7
Monica J Grant
There has been a recent, rapid de facto privatization of education in many African countries, as the number of private secondary schools operating in the region grew. The majority of these schools are "low-cost" private schools where tuition and fees are set as low as possible to cover operating costs and still generate profit. Proponents of low-cost private schools argue that these schools have proliferated in impoverished areas to meet unmet demand for access to education and where private schools may offer better quality than locally available public schools...
September 2017: Social Forces; a Scientific Medium of Social Study and Interpretation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886054/how-much-would-each-researcher-receive-if-competitive-government-research-funding-were-distributed-equally-among-researchers
#8
Krist Vaesen, Joel Katzav
Scientists are increasingly dissatisfied with funding systems that rely on peer assessment and, accordingly, have suggested several proposals for reform. One of these proposals is to distribute available funds equally among all qualified researchers, with no interference from peer review. Despite its numerous benefits, such egalitarian sharing faces the objection, among others, that it would lead to an unacceptable dilution of resources. The aim of the present paper is to assess this particular objection. We estimate (for the Netherlands, the U...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877945/qualitative-study-to-develop-processes-and-tools-for-the-assessment-and-tracking-of-african-institutions-capacity-for-operational-health-research
#9
Selina Wallis, Donald C Cole, Oumar Gaye, Blandina T Mmbaga, Victor Mwapasa, Harry Tagbor, Imelda Bates
OBJECTIVES: Research is key to achieving global development goals. Our objectives were to develop and test an evidence-informed process for assessing health research management and support systems (RMSS) in four African universities and for tracking interventions to address capacity gaps. SETTING: Four African universities. PARTICIPANTS: 83 university staff and students from 11 cadres. INTERVENTION/METHODS: A literature-informed 'benchmark' was developed and used to itemise all components of a university's health RMSS...
September 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870254/understanding-the-factors-affecting-the-attraction-and-retention-of-health-professionals-in-rural-and-remote-areas-a-mixed-method-study-in-niger
#10
Loubna Belaid, Christian Dagenais, Mahaman Moha, Valéry Ridde
BACKGROUND: The critical shortage of human resources in health is a critical public health problem affecting most low- and middle-income countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to the shortage of health professionals, attracting and retaining them in rural areas is a challenge. The objective of the study was to understand the factors that influence the attraction and retention of health professionals working in rural areas in Niger. METHODS: A mixed-method study was conducted in Tillabery region, Niger...
September 4, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862475/a-survey-of-canadian-interprofessional-student-run-free-clinics
#11
Enoch Ng, Tina Hu
Student-run free clinics (SRFCs) have existed in Canada since 1971, providing interprofessional healthcare to underserved populations. SRFCs are seen as vehicles for socially accountable health professional education. Literature on how Canadian SRFC function is lacking. Web-based surveys were sent to student leaders from Canadian SRFCs regarding their 2014 activities. All six fully-functioning SRFCs responded reporting on the following: services provided, professions involved, governing structure, funding sources, clients seen, types of care sought, students and preceptors involved, as well as perceived strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853363/10-000-more-training-places-isn-t-enough
#12
Kevin Crimmons
News that the Department of Health intends to fund an additional 10,000 training places for nurses and allied health professionals is obviously welcome. But how many of these places will be for nursing students, and how will they be split across the four fields of nursing, given the government's recent announcement on bolstering mental health services?
August 30, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853132/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-school-aged-children-in-jordan
#13
Manar Al Azzam, Mohammed Al Bashtawy, Ahmad Tubaishat, Abdul-Monim Batiha, Loai Tawalbeh
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among school children in Jordan and the probable associated risk factors. This was a crosssectional descriptive study and simple random sampling was used to select 480 students, aged 6-12 years, from government primary schools in Mafraq City, Jordan. Data were collected using the modified Arabic version of the Attention Deficit Disorder Evaluation Scale (ADDES) school version and parental questionnaire...
August 27, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851228/rural-multidisciplinary-training-opportunity-to-focus-on-interprofessional-rapport-building
#14
Judith N Hudson, Anne Croker
In 2016, the Australian Government committed further funds in support of quality rural health education to improve the health and wellbeing of rural and remote communities. The stated funding requirement for longer rural placements in all disciplines is an exciting opportunity for greater investment in interprofessional education to foster collaborative practice, a global system imperative for health care. This commentary explores how findings from earlier research, which investigated <i>how students in a co-located area learn to work with other health professions</i>, can be translated into practice...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846850/building-a-local-medical-workforce-in-tasmania-where-are-international-fee-paying-medical-graduates-likely-to-work
#15
Colleen Cheek, Richard Hays, Penny Allen, Gary Walker, Lizzi Shires
INTRODUCTION: Much of regional Australia continues to face challenges in recruitment and retention of medical practitioners, despite the apparently successful rural medical education initiatives funded by the Commonwealth Government. International fee-paying (IFP) medical students are a significant component of Australian medical education, contributing additional income and more diverse learning environments for universities. Their contribution to the Australian medical workforce is harder to determine...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838289/emotional-cascade-theory-and-non-suicidal-self-injury-the-importance-of-imagery-and-positive-affect
#16
Penelope A Hasking, Martina Di Simplicio, Peter M McEvoy, Clare S Rees
Grounded in Emotional Cascade Theory, we explored whether rumination and multisensory imagery-based cognitions moderated the relationships between affect and both odds of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), and frequency of the behaviour. A sample of 393 university students completed self-report questionnaires assessing the constructs of interest. Contrary to expectations, rumination did not emerge as a significant moderator of the affect-NSSI relationship. However, the relationship between affect and frequency of NSSI was moderated by the use of imagery...
August 25, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834842/the-decanal-divide-women-in-decanal-roles-at-u-s-medical-schools
#17
Nina F Schor
PURPOSE: To test the hypotheses that women in medical school dean-level (decanal) positions occupy lower-rank and more image- and education-focused positions than men, and that state and woman-led schools have more women in decanal positions. METHOD: Data were collected on September 10-18, 2016, from Web sites of 136 allopathic, U.S. medical schools accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education and represented on the roster of accredited MD programs in the United States with full accreditation as of June 22, 2016...
August 22, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831873/more-training-places-made-available-through-clearing
#18
Flavia Munn
Extra nurse training places promised by the government have been made available for students receiving their A-level results. Universities were told early last week that they will have additional capacity on their nursing degree courses, which begin within weeks.
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831275/beneficiaries-of-conflict-a-qualitative-study-of-people-s-trust-in-the-private-health-care-system-in-mogadishu-somalia
#19
Abdi A Gele, Mohamed Yusuf Ahmed, Prabhjot Kour, Sadiyo Ali Moallim, Abdulwahab Moallim Salad, Bernadette Kumar
BACKGROUND: In 2005, the World Health Conference called for all nations to move toward universal health coverage, which is defined as "access to adequate health care for all at an affordable price". Despite this, an estimated 90% of Somalia's largely impoverished population use private health care. Therefore, considering that the private health care system is the dominant health care system in Mogadishu, Somalia, exploring the accessibility to, as well as people's trust in, the private sector is essential to help contribute an equitable and affordable health care system in the country...
2017: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#20
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
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