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Stuart G Jarrett, Katharine M Carter, Brent J Shelton, John A D'Orazio
Using primary melanocytes and HEK293 cells, we found that cAMP signaling accelerates repair of bi- and mono-functional platinum-induced DNA damage. Elevating cAMP signaling either by the agonistic MC1R ligand melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) or by pharmacologic cAMP induction by forskolin enhanced clearance of intrastrand cisplatin-adducts in melanocytes or MC1R-transfected HEK293 cells. MC1R antagonists human beta-defensin 3 and agouti signaling protein blocked MSH- but not forskolin-mediated enhancement of platinum-induced DNA damage...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
Z J Liu, W Liu, C H Cui, L K Gu, B C Xing, D J Deng
Objective: To study the association between the AKAP12 promoter methylation and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: A total of 142 primary liver cancer patients underwent surgery in department of Hepatobiliary surgery in Peking University Cancer Hospital from 2003 to 2009 were selected as subjects in the survey; with the inclusion criteria as hepatocellular carcinoma, no cancer cells were observed in the surgical margin(SM) samples. All patients had neither lymph nor distant metastasis at the time of surgery, and receiving complete follow-up data for at least 3 years...
September 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Wen Xie, Wei Su, Lijuan Zhang, Qingkun Shang, Bing Su
Metastasis remains the primary cause of prostate cancer related death. Cancer cells need to contact endothelial cells and disrupt endothelial junctions to cross the endothelium for invasion and metastasis. The suppression of heterotypic repulsion between cancer and endothelial cells allows cancer cells to invade into the surrounding tissue. Here, we demonstrate that SSeCKS/AKAP12 induced repulsion between human prostate cancer and microvessel endothelial cells, which was mediated by an angiogenesis inhibitor Semaphorin 3F...
September 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Pu Wang, Xinmiao Fan, Yibei Wang, Yue Fan, Yaping Liu, Shuyang Zhang, Xiaowei Chen
Microtia is a congenital malformation of the external ear caused by genetic and/or environmental factors. However, no causal genetic mutations have been identified in isolated microtia patients. In this study, we utilized targeted genomic capturing combined with next-generation sequencing to screen for mutations in 307 deafness genes in 32 microtia patients. Forty-two rare heterozygous mutations in 25 genes, including 22 novel mutations in 24 isolated unilateral microtia cases were identified. Pathway analysis found five pathways especially focal adhesion pathway and ECM-receptor interaction pathway were significantly associated with microtia...
June 28, 2017: Oncotarget
Won Tae Kim, Sung-Pil Seo, Young Joon Byun, Ho-Won Kang, Yong-June Kim, Sang-Cheol Lee, Pildu Jeong, Yoonhee Seo, Soo Young Choe, Dong-Joon Kim, Seon-Kyu Kim, Sung-Kwon Moon, Yung-Hyun Choi, Geun Taek Lee, Isaac Yi Kim, Seok Joong Yun, Wun-Jae Kim
There is a growing interest in the use of naturally occurring agents in cancer prevention. This study investigated the garlic extract affects in bladder cancer (BC) prevention. The effect of garlic extract in cancer prevention was evaluated using the T24 BC BALB/C-nude mouse xenograft model. Microarray analysis of tissues was performed to identify differences in gene expression between garlic extract intake and control diet, and gene network analysis was performed to assess candidate mechanisms of action. Furthermore, we investigated the expression value of selected genes in the data of 165 BC patients...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
Jacob Kach, Tiha M Long, Phillip Selman, Eva Y Tonsing-Carter, Maria A Bacalao, Ricardo R Lastra, Larischa de Wet, Shane Comiskey, Marc Gillard, Calvin VanOpstall, Diana C West, Wen-Ching Chan, Donald Vander Griend, Suzanne D Conzen, Russell Z Szmulewitz
Increased glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression and activity following androgen blockade can contribute to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) progression. Therefore, we hypothesized that GR antagonism will have therapeutic benefit in CRPC. However, the FDA-approved nonselective, steroidal GR antagonist, mifepristone, lacks GR specificity, reducing its therapeutic potential. Here, we report that two novel nonsteroidal and highly selective GR modulators (SGRM), CORT118335 and CORT108297, have the ability to block GR activity in prostate cancer and slow CRPC progression...
August 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Zhitao Li, Sonal Singh, Santosh V Suryavanshi, Wengang Ding, Xiaoxu Shen, Cori S Wijaya, Wei Dong Gao, Bradley K McConnell
Gravin (AKAP12) is an A-kinase-anchoring-protein that scaffolds protein kinase A (PKA), β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR), protein phosphatase 2B and protein kinase C. Gravin facilitates β2-AR-dependent signal transduction through PKA to modulate cardiac excitation-contraction coupling and its removal positively affects cardiac contraction. Trabeculae from the right ventricles of gravin mutant (gravin-t/t) mice were employed for force determination. Simultaneously, corresponding intracellular Ca(2+) transient ([Ca(2+)]i) were measured...
July 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Vaithinathan Selvaraju, Sumanth C Suresh, Mahesh Thirunavukkarasu, Jayakanthan Mannu, Jocelyn L C Foye, Premendu P Mathur, J Alexander Palesty, Juan A Sanchez, David W McFadden, Nilanjana Maulik
We examined the effects of overexpressing HSPA12B on angiogenesis and myocardial function by intramyocardial administration of adenovirus encoding HSPA12B (Ad. HSPA12B) in a streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat subjected to myocardial infarction. Rats were divided randomly into six groups: control sham (CS) + Ad.LacZ, control myocardial infarction (CMI) + Ad.LacZ, control MI + Ad.HSPA12B, diabetic sham (DS) + Ad.LacZ, diabetic MI + Ad.LacZ and diabetic MI + Ad.HSPA12B. Following MI or sham surgery, the respective groups received either Ad...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
Jun-Mo Yang, Hye Shin Lee, Ji Hae Seo, Ji-Hyeon Park, Irwin H Gelman, Eng H Lo, Kyu-Won Kim
Macrophages exhibit phenotypic plasticity, as they have the ability to switch their functional phenotypes during inflammation and recovery. Simultaneously, the mechanical environment actively changes. However, how these dynamic alterations affect the macrophage phenotype is unknown. Here, we observed that the extracellular matrix (ECM) constructed by AKAP12+ colon mesenchymal cells (CMCs) generated M2 macrophages by regulating their shape during recovery. Notably, rounded macrophages were present in the linear and loose ECM of inflamed colons and polarized to the M1 phenotype...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
Guangru Xu, Minghui Zhang, Hongxing Zhu, Jinhua Xu
OBJECTIVE: To screen the gene signature for distinguishing patients with high risks from those with low-risks for colon cancer recurrence and predicting their prognosis. METHODS: Five microarray datasets of colon cancer samples were collected from Gene Expression Omnibus database and one was obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). After preprocessing, data in GSE17537 were analyzed using the Linear Models for Microarray data (LIMMA) method to identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs)...
March 10, 2017: Gene
Stuart G Jarrett, Erin M Wolf Horrell, John A D'Orazio
Loss-of-function in melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R), a GS protein-coupled receptor that regulates signal transduction through cAMP and protein kinase A (PKA) in melanocytes, is a major inherited melanoma risk factor. Herein, we report a novel cAMP-mediated response for sensing and responding to UV-induced DNA damage regulated by A-kinase-anchoring protein 12 (AKAP12). AKAP12 is identified as a necessary participant in PKA-mediated phosphorylation of ataxia telangiectasia mutated and Rad3-related (ATR) at S435, a post-translational event required for cAMP-enhanced nucleotide excision repair (NER)...
December 15, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
J Kang, W Kim, S Lee, D Kwon, J Chun, B Son, E Kim, J-M Lee, H Youn, B Youn
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and thus new molecular targets need to be identified to improve treatment efficacy. Although epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/KRAS mutation-driven lung tumorigenesis is well understood, the mechanism of EGFR/KRAS-independent signal activation remains elusive. Enhanced TFAP2C (transcription factor activating enhancer-binding protein 2C) expression is associated with poor prognosis in some types of cancer patients, but little is known of its relation with the pathogenesis of lung cancer...
March 2017: Oncogene
Claudia Barzago, Josephine Lum, Paola Cavalcante, Kandhadayar Gopalan Srinivasan, Elisa Faggiani, Giorgia Camera, Silvia Bonanno, Francesca Andreetta, Carlo Antozzi, Fulvio Baggi, Raffaele Adolfo Calogero, Pia Bernasconi, Renato Mantegazza, Lucia Mori, Francesca Zolezzi
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a T-cell dependent autoimmune disorder of the neuromuscular junction, characterised by muscle weakness and fatigability. Autoimmunity is thought to initiate in the thymus of acetylcholine receptor (AChR)-positive MG patients; however, the molecular mechanisms linking intra-thymic MG pathogenesis with autoreactivity via the circulation to the muscle target organ are poorly understood. Using whole-transcriptome sequencing, we compared the transcriptional profile of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from AChR-early onset MG (AChR-EOMG) patients with healthy controls: 178 coding transcripts and 229 long non-coding RNAs, including 11 pre-miRNAs, were differentially expressed...
November 2016: Immunobiology
Onder Bozdogan, Ibrahim Vargel, Tarik Cavusoglu, Ayse A Karabulut, Gurbet Karahan, Nilufer Sayar, Pınar Atasoy, Isik G Yulug
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCCs) are common human carcinomas. Despite having metastasizing capacities, they usually show less aggressive progression compared to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of other organs. Metastasis suppressor proteins (MSPs) are a group of proteins that control and slow-down the metastatic process. In this study, we established the importance of seven well-defined MSPs including NDRG1, NM23-H1, RhoGDI2, E-cadherin, CD82/KAI1, MKK4, and AKAP12 in cSCCs. Protein expression levels of the selected MSPs were detected in 32 cSCCs, 6 in situ SCCs, and two skin cell lines (HaCaT, A-431) by immunohistochemistry...
July 2016: Pathology, Research and Practice
Thomas Wilhelm, Daniel B Lipka, Tania Witte, Justyna A Wierzbinska, Silvia Fluhr, Monika Helf, Oliver Mücke, Rainer Claus, Carolin Konermann, Peter Nöllke, Charlotte M Niemeyer, Christian Flotho, Christoph Plass
A-kinase anchor protein 12 (AKAP12) is a regulator of protein kinase A and protein kinase C signaling, acting downstream of RAS. Epigenetic silencing of AKAP12 has been demonstrated in different cancer entities and this has been linked to the process of tumorigenesis. Here, we used quantitative high-resolution DNA methylation measurement by MassARRAY to investigate epigenetic regulation of all three AKAP12 promoters (i.e., α, β, and γ) within a large cohort of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) patient samples...
2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
P Peixoto, A Blomme, B Costanza, R Ronca, S Rezzola, A P Palacios, L Schoysman, S Boutry, N Goffart, O Peulen, P Maris, E Di Valentin, V Hennequière, E Bianchi, A Henry, P Meunier, B Rogister, R N Muller, P Delvenne, A Bellahcène, V Castronovo, A Turtoi
To date, the mutational status of EGFR and PTEN has been shown as relevant for favoring pro- or anti-tumor functions of STAT3 in human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). We have screened genomic data from 154 patients and have identified a strong positive correlation between STAT3 and HDAC7 expression. In the current work we show the existence of a subpopulation of patients overexpressing HDAC7 and STAT3 that has particularly poor clinical outcome. Surprisingly, the somatic mutation rate of both STAT3 and HDAC7 was insignificant in GBM comparing with EGFR, PTEN or TP53...
August 25, 2016: Oncogene
Micah B Schott, Faith Gonowolo, Benjamin Maliske, Bryon Grove
Scaffold proteins play a critical role in cellular homeostasis by anchoring signaling enzymes in close proximity to downstream effectors. In addition to anchoring static enzyme complexes, some scaffold proteins also form dynamic signalosomes that can traffic to different subcellular compartments upon stimulation. Gravin (AKAP12), a multivalent scaffold, anchors PKA and other enzymes to the plasma membrane under basal conditions, but upon [Ca(2+)]i elevation, is rapidly redistributed to the cytosol. Because gravin redistribution also impacts PKA localization, we postulate that gravin acts as a calcium "switch" that modulates PKA-substrate interactions at the plasma membrane, thus facilitating a novel crosstalk mechanism between Ca(2+) and PKA-dependent pathways...
April 2016: Cellular Signalling
Peng Zhao, Juanling Fu, Biyun Yao, Yongrui Jia, Hongtao Zhang, Xuehui Li, Lisha Dong, Ya Gao, Wenli Liu, Wen Chen, Zongcan Zhou
To screen potential biomarkers of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)-induced lung cancer, the proteomic profiles of BaP-transformed 16HBE cell line T-16HBE-C1 cells serum-free culture supernatant and xenografted nude mice sera were compared with those of 16HBE group by utilizing label-free quantitative proteomic strategy. By employing nano-LC-MS/MS technology followed by MaxQuant and Perseus processing, 489 differentially expressed proteins were identified between T-16HBE-C1 and 16HBE cells serum-free culture supernatant, and 49 significantly up-regulated proteins were identified in T-16HBE-C1 xenografted nude mice sera...
February 5, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
Wei Xia, Jing Ni, Juhua Zhuang, Leixing Qian, Peng Wang, Jiening Wang
AKAP12/Gravin (A kinase anchor protein 12) belongs to the group of A-kinase scaffold proteins and functions as a tumor suppressor in some human primary cancers. While AKAP12 is found consistently downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), its involvement in hepatocarcinogenesis has not been fully elucidated. We identified targeting sites for miR-103 in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of AKAP12 by bioinformatic analysis and confirm their function by a luciferase reporter gene assay. We reveal miR-103 expression to be inversely correlated with AKAP12 in HCC tissue samples and show that overexpressed miR-103 promotes cell proliferation and inhibits apoptosis by downregulating AKAP12 expression in HCC cell lines...
February 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Yaqiong Sun, Chuanzhong Ye, Xingyi Guo, Wanqing Wen, Jirong Long, Yu-Tang Gao, Xiao Ou Shu, Wei Zheng, Qiuyin Cai
In a genome-wide association study conducted among Chinese women, we identified the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2046210 at 6q25.1 for breast cancer risk. To explore a potential regulatory role for this risk locus, we measured expression levels of nine genes at the locus in breast cancer tissue and adjacent normal tissue samples obtained from 67 patients recruited in the Shanghai Breast Cancer Study. We found that rs2046210 had a statistically significant association with the expression levels of the AKAP12 and ESR1 genes in adjacent normal breast tissues...
February 2016: Carcinogenesis
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