keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Randomized control heart

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432528/conventional-acupuncture-for-cardiac-arrhythmia-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Jing Liu, Si-Nai Li, Lu Liu, Kun Zhou, Yan Li, Xiao-Yun Cui, Jie Wan, Jin-Jin Lu, Yan-Chao Huang, Xu-Sheng Wang, Qian Lin
OBJECTIVE: To exam the effect and safety of conventional acupuncture (CA) on cardiac arrhythmia. METHODS: Nine medical databases were searched until February 2016 for randomized controlled trials. Heterogeneity was measured by Cochran Q test. Meta-analysis was conducted if I(2) was less than 85% and the characteristics of included trials were similar. RESULTS: Nine qualified studies involving 638 patients were included. Only 1 study had definitely low risk of bias, while 7 trials were rated as unclear and 1 as high...
April 22, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432376/mdma-does-not-alter-responses-to-the-trier-social-stress-test-in-humans
#2
Anya K Bershad, Melissa A Miller, Harriet de Wit
RATIONALE: ±3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is a stimulant-psychedelic drug with unique social effects. It may dampen reactivity to negative social stimuli such as social threat and rejection. Perhaps because of these effects, MDMA has shown promise as a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, the effect of single doses of MDMA on responses to an acute psychosocial stressor has not been tested. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we sought to test the effects of MDMA on responses to stress in healthy adults using a public speaking task...
April 21, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431810/in-vivo-ameliorative-effect-of-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-in-isoproterenol-induced-cardiac-toxicity
#3
Shereen S El Shaer, Taher A Salaheldin, Nashwa M Saied, Sally M Abdelazim
BACKGROUND: Cerium oxide nanoparticles have gained much more attention especially in the field of nanomedicine. This work represents cerium oxide nanoparticles as a new prophylactic model for heart failure progression. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential protective effect of cerium oxide nanoparticles on Isoproterenol (ISO)-induced cardiac toxicity in rats. METHODS: Cerium oxide nanoparticles (5±1nm) were synthesized by reverse micelle method and characterized using High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffraction and particle size analyzer...
April 18, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431533/effect-of-a-16-week-bikram-yoga-program-on-heart-rate-variability-and-associated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-stressed-and-sedentary-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Zoe L Hewett, Kate L Pumpa, Caroline A Smith, Paul P Fahey, Birinder S Cheema
BACKGROUND: Chronic activation of the stress-response can contribute to cardiovascular disease risk, particularly in sedentary individuals. This study investigated the effect of a Bikram yoga intervention on the high frequency power component of heart rate variability (HRV) and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (i.e. additional domains of HRV, hemodynamic, hematologic, anthropometric and body composition outcome measures) in stressed and sedentary adults. METHODS: Eligible adults were randomized to an experimental group (n = 29) or a no treatment control group (n = 34)...
April 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428932/a-prime-determinant-in-selecting-dialysis-modality-peritoneal-dialysis-patient-survival
#5
REVIEW
Hyunwook Kim, Dong-Ryeol Ryu
The number of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has rapidly increased, as has the cost of dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an established treatment for ESRD patients worldwide; it has a variety of advantages, including autonomy and flexibility, as well as economic benefits in many countries compared to hemodialysis (HD). However, the long-term survival rate of PD remains poor. Although direct comparison of survival rate between the dialysis modalities by randomized controlled trials is difficult due to the ethical issues, it has always been a crucial point when deciding which dialysis modality should be recommended to patients...
March 2017: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423233/ivabradine-versus-metoprolol-in-patients-with-acute-inferior-wall-myocardial-infarction-expanding-arena-for-ivabradine
#6
Rajendra K Go Khroo, K Priti, Bhanwar L Ranwa, Kamal Kishor, Devendra Bisht, Sajal Gupta
BACKGROUND: Atrioventricular (AV) blocks are of concern with the use of beta blockers in inferior wall myocardial infarction (MI). Ivabradine lowers heart rate with a lesser risk of AV blocks. OBJECTIVES: To compare ivabradine with metoprolol in acute inferior wall MI in terms of feasibility, tolerability and efficacy METHODS: It was a prospective double blind single centre randomized controlled study. Of 1032 patients with acute inferior wall MI, 468 eligible patients were randomized in 1:1 manner to ivabradine (group A) and metoprolol (group B)...
April 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422874/consort-the-effect-of-intraoperative-dexmedetomidine-on-hemodynamic-responses-during-emergence-from-nasotracheal-intubation-after-oral-surgery
#7
Youn Yi Jo, Hong Soon Kim, Kyung Cheon Lee, Young Jin Chang, Youseok Shin, Hyun Jeong Kwak
BACKGROUND: Dexmedetomidine provides smooth emergence with reduced agitation. The authors hypothesized low-dose dexmedetomidine infusion might contribute to hemodynamic stability during and after nasotracheal tube extubation. METHODS: Ninety-three adult patients scheduled for oral and maxillofacial surgery were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients were randomly assigned to receive normal saline (control group, n = 31), dexmedetomidine at 0.2 μg/kg/h (DEX0...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422516/exergaming-through-the-eyes-of-patients-with-heart-failure-a-qualitative-content-analysis-study
#8
Leonie Klompstra, Tiny Jaarsma, Jan Mårtensson, Anna Strömberg
OBJECTIVE: Exergaming appears to be a promising tool to increase exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). Therefore, it is important to obtain more in-depth knowledge about preferences, attitudes, use, and abilities in regard to exergaming. The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of patients with HF when using an exergame platform at home. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study using content analysis was conducted on interviews with 14 patients with HF (6 women, ages ranging between 56 and 81 years)...
April 19, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421779/oral-glutamine-reduces-myocardial-damage-after-coronary-revascularization-under-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Mariana Chávez-Tostado, Fernando Carrillo-Llamas, Porfirio Eduardo Martínez-Gutiérrez, Araceli Alvarado-Ramírez, Jaime Gilberto López-Taylor, José Clemente Vásquez-Jiménez, Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco, Jorge Rendón-Félix, Leire Irusteta-Jiménez, Vanessa Carolina Calil-Romero, José Antonio Ramírez-Jiménez, Luis Rodrigo Michel-Espinoza, Carmen Karina Contreras-López, Lizbeth Araceli Cuesta-Maquez, Alejandro González-Ojeda
BACKGROUND: Glutamine is the most abundant free amino acid in the body. It modulates immune cell function and is an important energy substrate for cells in critically ill patients. Reduction of injury cardiac markers had been observed in patients receiving intravenous glutamine and in a pilot study with oral glutamine. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of preoperative oral supplementation of glutamine on postoperative serum levels of cardiac injury markers. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was performed in 28 Mexican patients with ischemic heart disease who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass with extracorporeal circulation...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421194/dihydromyricetin-protects-against-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice
#10
Bin Wu, Jie Lin, Jian Luo, Dong Han, Miaomiao Fan, Tao Guo, Ling Tao, Ming Yuan, Fu Yi
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an important cause of heart failure in diabetic patients. The present study sought to explore the potential effects of dihydromyricetin (DHM) on DCM and its possible mechanism. A diabetic model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) in C57BL/6J mice. Two weeks after the STZ injection, mice were randomly allocated into the following 4 groups for treatment: the control group (CON), the control treated with DHM group (CON + DHM), the diabetes group (DM), and the diabetes treated with DHM group (DM + DHM)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420661/person-centred-transition-programme-to-empower-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-study-protocol-for-a-hybrid-randomised-controlled-trial-stepstones-project
#11
Mariela Acuña Mora, Carina Sparud-Lundin, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Philip Moons
INTRODUCTION: When a young person grows up, they evolve from an independent child to an empowered adult. If an individual has a chronic condition, this additional burden may hamper adequate development and independence. Transition programmes for young persons with chronic disorders aim to provide the necessary skills for self-management and participation in care. However, strong evidence on the effects of these interventions is lacking. Therefore, as part of the STEPSTONES project (Swedish Transition Effects Project Supporting Teenagers with chrONic mEdical conditionS), we propose a trial to assess the effectiveness of a structured, person-centred transition programme to empower adolescents with congenital heart disease in the transition to adulthood...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420471/-mixed-venous-arterial-carbon-dioxide-difference-combined-with-passive-leg-raising-in-guiding-volume-management-for-patients-post-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#12
Likun Huo, Peijun Li, Chang Xie, Chenglei Yan, Jie Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether mixed venous-arterial carbon dioxide difference (Pv-aCO2) combined with passive leg raising (PLR) could better guide volume management for patients post off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG). METHODS: Eighty patients experienced OPCABG, and admitted to Tianjin Chest Hospital from June 1st to October 1st in 2016 were enrolled. They were randomly divided into two groups: observation group given Pv-aCO2 combined with PLR directed therapy and control group given central venous pressure (CVP) directed therapy, 40 cases in each group...
April 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417620/effects-of-submaximal-aerobic-exercise-on-regulatory-t-cell-markers-of-male-patients-suffering-from-ischemic-heart-disease
#13
Fariba Raygan, Mansour Sayyah, Seyed Mohammad Reza Janesar Qamsari, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Mojtaba Sehat
There are confirmed beneficiary effects of exercise on atherosclerotic inflammation of ischemia-associated heart diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise on T-regulatory cell markers of IL-35 as well as FoxP3 and T-helper2 marker of IL-33 in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). This research was performed on 44 asymptomatic male patients with ischemic heart disease. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups of submaximal aerobic exercise and control group...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416524/range-of-risk-factor-levels-control-mortality-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Aidin Rawshani, Araz Rawshani, Stefan Franzén, Björn Eliasson, Ann-Marie Svensson, Mervete Miftaraj, Darren K McGuire, Naveed Sattar, Annika Rosengren, Soffia Gudbjörnsdottir
BACKGROUND: Individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) have a high risk of cardiovascular complications, but it is unknown to what extent fulfilling all cardiovascular treatment goals is associated with residual risk of mortality and cardiovascular outcomes in those with T1DM compared with the general population. METHODS: We included all patients ≥18 years of age with T1DM who were registered in the Swedish National Diabetes Register from January 1, 1998, through December 31, 2014, a total of 33 333 patients, each matched for age and sex with 5 controls without diabetes mellitus randomly selected from the population...
April 18, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416247/adaptive-crt-in-patients-with-normal-av-conduction-and-left-bundle-branch-block-does-qrs-duration-matter
#15
Hiro Yamasaki, Daniel Lustgarten, Jeffrey Cerkvenik, David Birnie, Maurizio Gasparini, Kathy Lia-Fun Lee, Yukio Sekiguchi, Niraj Varma, Bernd Lemke, Randall C Starling, Kazutaka Aonuma
BACKGROUND: Adaptive cardiac resynchronization therapy (aCRT) is a dynamic optimization algorithm which paces only the left ventricle (LV) when atrio-ventricular (AV) conduction is normal, thus reducing right ventricular (RV) pacing. However, the impact of QRS duration on aCRT efficacy remains uncertain. We examined whether QRS duration impacts aCRT effectiveness in patients with left bundle branch block (LBBB) and preserved AV conduction. METHODS: Randomized patients in the Adaptive CRT trial, which enrolled NYHA III/IV patients, were used in this analysis...
April 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415943/effects-of-scalp-block-with-bupivacaine-versus-levobupivacaine-on-haemodynamic-response-to-head-pinning-and-comparative-efficacies-in-postoperative-analgesia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Banu O Can, Hülya Bilgin
Objective This study was performed to determine the effects of scalp blocks with bupivacaine versus levobupivacaine on the haemodynamic response during craniotomy and the efficacies and analgesic requirements of these drugs postoperatively. Methods This randomized, prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blind study included 90 patients (age, 18-85 years; American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status, I or II). The patients were randomly divided into three groups: those who received 20 mL of 0.5% bupivacaine (Group B, n = 30), 20 mL of 0...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415931/comparison-of-dexmedetomidine-and-propofol-for-conscious-sedation-in-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Hong-Mei Wang, Xiao-Yu Shi, Xia-Rong Qin, Jia-Li Zhou, Yan-Fei Xia
Objective The ideal agents for conscious sedation during ambulatory inguinal hernia repair are still unclear. We aimed to compare the analgesic, sedative, haemodynamic, and side effects of dexmedetomidine with those of propofol in combination with fentanyl for conscious sedation in patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair. Methods Eighty patients undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair were prospectively randomized to receive either dexmedetomidine (n = 40) or propofol (n = 40). Dexmedetomidine and propofol dosages were adjusted to maintain the targeted level of sedation...
April 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413990/effect-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-on-all-cause-mortality-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#18
Shaylee Peterson, Arden Barry
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP1RA) therapy, compared to placebo, on clinically relevant outcomes including all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), nonfatal stroke, and hospitalizations for heart failure, in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHOD: EMBASE, MEDLINE, and CENTRAL were searched (inception to September 2016) for randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of at least one year in duration that compared any GLP1RA to placebo in patients with type 2 diabetes...
April 14, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413612/advances-in-understanding-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-raas-in-blood-pressure-control-and-recent-pivotal-trials-of-raas-blockade-in-heart-failure-and-diabetic-nephropathy
#19
REVIEW
Lama Ghazi, Paul Drawz
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a fundamental role in the physiology of blood pressure control and the pathophysiology of hypertension (HTN) with effects on vascular tone, sodium retention, oxidative stress, fibrosis, sympathetic tone, and inflammation. Fortunately, RAAS blocking agents have been available to treat HTN since the 1970s and newer medications are being developed. In this review, we will (1) examine new anti-hypertensive medications affecting the RAAS, (2) evaluate recent studies that help provide a better understanding of which patients may be more likely to benefit from RAAS blockade, and (3) review three recent pivotal randomized trials that involve newer RAAS blocking agents and inform clinical practice...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413279/comparing-slow-and-rapid-bolus-of-ephedrine-in-pregnant-patients-undergoing-planned-cesarean-section-under-spinal-anesthesia
#20
Prabu Gunasekaran, Lenin Babu Elakkumanan, Hemavathi Balachander, M V S Satyaprakash
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: While ephedrine was the preferred drug for treating spinal-induced hypotension in pregnancy, its use has declined because of resultant fetal acidosis. The objective of this randomized control trial was to compare the effects of a slow and rapid bolus of ephedrine on fetal acidosis, maternal blood pressure, and heart rate (HR) during cesarean section performed under spinal anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty full-term parturients scheduled for cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
30922
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"