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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868529/application-of-a-new-established-system-for-toxic-doses-in-children-with-4-hydroxycoumarin-rodenticide-intoxication
#1
Li Ye, Zheng Wang, Hui Zhang, Hui Guo, Yannan Guo, Lina Chen
The toxic dose of rodenticides in children is extremely difficult to be determined because of the uncertain exposure history. We established and validated a method to identify the toxic dose in children of 4-hydroxycoumarin (TDCH). Items were selected by Delphi method and weighted by analytic hierarchy process. Toxic doses were classified into three categories: high dose (>24 points), medium (15-24) and low (<15). Sixty-five children with 4-hydroxycoumarin rodenticide intoxication were included in the study...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750674/evaluating-plutonium-intake-and-radiation-dose-following-extensive-chelation-treatment
#2
Sara Dumit, Maia Avtandilashvili, Sergei Y Tolmachev
A voluntary partial-body donor (U.S. Transuranium and Uranium Registries Case 0785) was accidentally exposed to Pu via inhalation and wounds. This individual underwent medical treatment including wound excision and extensive chelation treatment with calcium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and calcium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid. Approximately 2.2 kBq of Pu was measured in the wound site 44 y after the accident. Major soft tissues and selected bones were collected at autopsy and radiochemically analyzed for Pu, Pu, and Am...
May 4, 2018: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732976/anaphylaxis-in-children-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-management
#3
Aikaterini Anagnostou
Anaphylaxis is defined as a serious, generalized or systemic allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death. It is unpredictable and can be the result of various allergic triggers including food, insect venom and medication. The European Anaphylaxis Registry confirmed food as the major elicitor of anaphylaxis in children, specifically hen's egg, cow's milk and nuts. It has been reported that the incidence of anaphylaxis is on the rise. In the US, there is a continued trend of increasing food-induced anaphylaxis hospitalizations among children, which is supported by nationally representative data...
May 6, 2018: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731090/police-officers-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-brain-death-and-organ-donation-in-korea
#4
H S Kim, Y S Yoo, O-H Cho, C E Lee, Y-H Choi, H J Kim, J Y Park, H S Park, Y J Kwon
BACKGROUND: Administrative processing by the police may affect the process involved in organ donation in the event of an accidental brain injury. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of police toward brain-dead donors and organ donation. METHODS: This was a descriptive research study using a 41-item questionnaire. As of July 19, 2017, 11 police stations in Seoul had collected questionnaires completed by 115 police officers. Data were analyzed using SAS (version 9...
May 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715252/ocular-chemical-burns-secondary-to-accidental-administration-of-e-cigarette-liquid
#5
Yvonne McCague
Chemical burns to the eye represent a true ocular emergency, requiring immediate and proficient attention to preserve visual function. Although there have been very few reports of serious ocular burns secondary to the accidental administration of electronic cigarette liquid, this case report discusses the risk of same because of product confusion between electronic cigarette liquid and ocular preparations. This article presents a patient's case including patient history and management in the emergency department...
April 2018: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709957/suffocation-due-to-acute-airway-edema-in-a-patient-with-hereditary-angioedema-highlighted-the-need-for-urgent-improvements-in-treatment-availability-in-japan
#6
Daisuke Honda, Isao Ohsawa, Yuki Shimizu, Masayuki Maiguma, Teruo Hidaka, Hitoshi Suzuki, Hiroaki Io, Satoshi Mano, Hisatsugu Takahara, Hisaki Rinno, Yasuhiko Tomino, Yusuke Suzuki
A 42-year-old Japanese man with hereditary angioedema suffered accidental trauma to his jaw in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, which gradually caused facial edema. Since plasma-derived human C1 inhibitor (pdh C1-INH) was unavailable, he had to be transferred to Juntendo University Hospital in Tokyo. Due to his severe edema, he suffered asphyxiation leading to cardiopulmonary arrest upon arrival. The patient was resuscitated and promptly treated with pdh C1-INH. In Japan, the self-administration of pdh C1-INH is not allowed, and every prefecture does not always possess stocks of pdh C1-INH...
April 27, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690736/-observation-on-safety-and-effects-of-analgesic-and-sedative-treatment-in-severely-burned-patients-during-shock-stage
#7
R B Li, Q Chen, H Y Zhang, H A Deng, G H Guo, Y G Mao, Z H Fu
Objective: To observe the safety and effects of application of analgesic and sedative drugs in severely burned patients during shock stage. Methods: One hundred and eighty patients with severe burns, conforming to the study criteria, were admitted to our unit from August 2014 to August 2016. Patients were divided into analgesia and sedation group and control group according to whether receiving analgesic and sedative treatment or not, with 90 cases in each group. Patients in control group received conventional treatment, while those in analgesia and sedation group received analgesic and sedative treatment for 24 hours besides conventional treatment...
April 20, 2018: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673420/neurologic-complications-associated-with-transdermal-placement-of-intrathecal-catheters-in-sheep
#8
Gabrielle C Musk, Nolan J McDonnell, Mark Newman, Matthew W Kemp
A study using an ovine model of transdermal intrathecal catheterization was planned to investigate the neurotoxicity ofmagnesium sulfate. Nonpregnant Merino cross ewes (n = 8; age, 5 y; weight, 55.0 ± 6.5 kg) were anesthetized for placementof a lumbar intrathecal catheter. The study protocol defined a 5-d recovery period after introduction of the catheter before theadministration of test substances (2 mL of 0.9% saline or 50 or 150 mg MgSO4) followed by euthanasia 1 wk later. Although 3sheep successfully completed the study as planned, one of the remaining 5 sheep was withdrawn when the catheter was accidentally dislodged 2 d after anesthesia; another was withdrawn because of persistent neurologic deficits of the left hindlimb and intense pruritus during the first 24 h after placement of the catheter; and the remaining 3 animals experienced unacceptable complications within the first 4 h of administration of the test substance...
April 19, 2018: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673294/prophylactic-use-of-steroids-and-antibiotics-in-acute-hydrocarbon-poisoning-in-children
#9
Saibal Das, Sapan Kumar Behera, Alphienes Stanley Xavier, Sandhiya Selvarajan
Ingestion of hydrocarbons is a common cause of childhood poisoning in low and middle-income countries. Although mild ingestions are usually devoid of complications, the morbidity and mortality associated with such poisoning are primarily related to pulmonary aspiration. Subsequent complications, most importantly, secondary bacterial infections can worsen the clinical condition. Standard treatment protocol for acute accidental hydrocarbon poisoning does not advocate routine use of steroids or antibiotics. However, some studies have demonstrated beneficial effects of prophylactic steroid and antibiotic to prevent chemical pneumonitis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671504/buprenorphine-therapy-for-opioid-use-disorder
#10
Roger Zoorob, Alicia Kowalchuk, Maria Mejia de Grubb
Opioid misuse, including the use of heroin and the overprescribing, misuse, and diversion of opioid pain medications, has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. As a result, there has been a dramatic increase in opioid use disorder and associated overdoses and deaths. Addiction is a chronic brain disease with a genetic component that affects motivation, inhibition, and cognition. Patient characteristics associated with successful buprenorphine maintenance treatment include stable or controlled medical or psychiatric comorbidities and a safe, substance-free environment...
March 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622333/emergency-care-of-pediatric-burns
#11
REVIEW
Ashley M Strobel, Ryan Fey
Although the overall incidence of and mortality rate associated with burn injury have decreased in recent decades, burns remain a significant source of morbidity and mortality in children. Children with major burns require emergent resuscitation. Resuscitation is similar to that for adults, including pain control, airway management, and administration of intravenous fluid. However, in pediatrics, fluid resuscitation is needed for burns greater than or equal to 15% of total body surface area (TBSA) compared with burns greater than or equal to 20% TBSA for adults...
May 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616363/a-comparative-in-vivo-scrutiny-of-biosynthesized-copper-and-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles-by-intraperitoneal-and-intravenous-administration-routes-in-rats
#12
Ashajyothi C, Harish K Handral, Chandrakanth Kelmani R
During the present time, anti-microbial features of copper (Cu) and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) are extensively used to combat the growth of pathogenic microbes. CuNPs and ZnONPs are recurrently used in cosmetics, medicine and food additives, and their potential for toxic impacts on human and ecosystem is of high concern. In this study, the fate and toxicity of 16- to 96-nm-ranged biosynthesized copper (Bio-CuNPs) and zinc oxide (Bio-ZnONPs) was assessed in male Wistar rats. In vivo exposures of the two nanoparticles are achieved through two different administration routes namely, intraperitoneal (i/p) and intravenous (i/v) injections...
April 3, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590163/fresh-red-blood-cells-transfusion-protects-against-aluminum-phosphide-induced-metabolic-acidosis-and-mortality-in-rats
#13
Nastaran Rahimi, Amir Hossein Abdolghaffari, Alireza Partoazar, Nina Javadian, Tara Dehpour, Ali R Mani, Ahmad R Dehpour
BACKGROUND: Aluminum phosphide (AlP) is used as pesticide in some countries for protection of stored grains. Human poisoning with AlP due to suicide attempt or accidental environmental exposure is associated with very high mortality partially due to development of severe metabolic acidosis. Previous studies have shown that hemoglobin has high buffering capacity and erythrocytes can potentially be used for management of metabolic acidosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fresh packed red blood cells (RBC) transfusion on survival and cardiovascular function in AlP-poisoned rats...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568542/mammary-fibroadenomatous-hyperplasia-in-a-male-cat
#14
Saray Lorna Mayayo, Stefano Bo, Maria Carmela Pisu
Case summary: Mammary fibroadenomatous hyperplasia (MFH) is a benign pathology characterised by extensive proliferation of the ductal epithelium and mammary stroma. It typically occurs in young female cats, and seems to result from hypersensitivity to progesterone. A 2-year-old entire male European Shorthair cat presented to the veterinary clinic with enlargement of several mammary glands, which had developed within the previous 10 days. There was no prior administration of progestin in the cat's medical history...
January 2018: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556886/intravenous-lipid-emulsion-overdose-in-infancy-a-case-report-and-overview-of-opportunities-challenges-and-prevention
#15
REVIEW
Wasim Khasawneh, Salar Bani Hani
Medication errors remain among the major problems seen in hospitals. Such errors can relate to the prescription, dispensation, or administration of drugs. Human factors account for most of these mistakes, but other factors such as infusion pump programming defects should always be considered. Worldwide, medication errors have been reported to affect 2-30% of patients, depending on the institution. Intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) infusion is frequently used as part of total parenteral nutrition in patients of all ages with feeding and gastrointestinal issues...
March 19, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554444/predicting-adverse-perioperative-events-in-patients-undergoing-primary-cleft-palate-repair
#16
Marten N Basta, John E Fiadjoe, Albert S Woo, Kenneth N Peeples, Oksana A Jackson
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify risk factors for adverse perioperative events (APEs) after cleft palatoplasty to develop an individualized risk assessment tool. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary institutional. PATIENTS: Patients younger than 2 years with cleft palate. INTERVENTIONS: Primary Furlow palatoplasty between 2008 and 2011. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Adverse perioperative event, defined as laryngo- or bronchospasm, accidental extubation, reintubation, obstruction, hypoxia, or unplanned intensive care unit admission...
April 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529977/routine-ct-scanning-of-patients-retrieved-to-a-tertiary-centre-on-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-retrospective-risk-benefit-analysis
#17
Kate M Richmond, Katharine G Warburton, Simon J Finney, Sachin Shah, Benjamin A J Reddi
INTRODUCTION: Comprehensive clinical examination can be compromised in patients on veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO). Adjunctive diagnostic imaging strategies range from bedside imaging only to routine computed tomography (CT). The risk-benefit of either approach remains to be evaluated. Patients retrieved to the Royal Brompton Hospital (RBH) on VV-ECMO routinely undergo admission CT imaging of head, chest, abdomen and pelvis. This study aimed to identify how frequently changes in therapy or adverse events could be attributed to routine CT scanning...
March 1, 2018: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527338/what-drives-political-commitment-for-nutrition-a-review-and-framework-synthesis-to-inform-the-united-nations-decade-of-action-on-nutrition
#18
Phillip Baker, Corinna Hawkes, Kate Wingrove, Alessandro Rhyl Demaio, Justin Parkhurst, Anne Marie Thow, Helen Walls
Introduction: Generating country-level political commitment will be critical to driving forward action throughout the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition (2016-2025). In this review of the empirical nutrition policy literature, we ask: what factors generate, sustain and constrain political commitment for nutrition, how and under what circumstances? Our aim is to inform strategic 'commitment-building' actions. Method: We adopted a framework synthesis method and realist review protocol...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429768/are-senna-based-laxatives-safe-when-used-as-long-term-treatment-for-constipation-in-children
#19
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Alessandra C Gasior, Nicole Toocheck, Laura Weaver, Richard J Wood, Carlos A Reck, Andrea Wagner, Erin Hoover, Renae Gagnon, Jordon Jaggers, Tassiana Maloof, Onnalisa Nash, Charae Williams, Marc A Levitt
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Senna is a stimulant laxative commonly used by pediatricians, pediatric gastroenterologists, and pediatric surgeons. Many clinicians avoid Senna for reasons such as tolerance or side effects but this has little scientific justification. We recently found several patients we were caring for developed perineal blistering during the course of Senna treatment. Because of this we chose to review the literature to identify side effects in children taking this medication as well as to analyze our Center's experience with Senna's secondary effects...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408723/the-distribution-and-redistribution-of-fentanyl-norfentanyl-in-post-mortem-samples
#20
C N Chatterton, M Scott-Ham
This article compares 249 post mortem case reports that were positive for fentanyl/norfentanyl. All the cases were submitted to, and analyzed by, the toxicology department of the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. This study highlights the varied distribution of fentanyl in the body after death as a result of misadventure, i.e., these are accidental drug overdose cases as opposed to a study of analytical data resulting from fentanyl use/administration in a clinical environment and/or death as a result of suicide...
March 2018: Forensic Science International
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