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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661734/pathology-resident-perspectives-about-early-autopsy-experiences
#1
REVIEW
Richard A Prayson
The performance of autopsies remains an integral part of residency training in Anatomic Pathology. A number of medical schools no longer require an autopsy experience; therefore, a subset of pathology residents has never seen an autopsy performed prior to commencement of residency training. Although much as been written regarding student's perspectives on their medical school anatomy experiences, practically nothing has been written about resident perspectives on the autopsy experience. Surveys were sent to all Pathology resident trainees (n = 27) in a training program exploring resident perspectives on their early autopsy experiences...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658327/adherence-to-oral-anticoagulants-in-atrial-fibrillation-an-australian-survey
#2
Kehinde O Obamiro, Leanne Chalmers, Kenneth Lee, Bonnie J Bereznicki, Luke R Bereznicki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the proportion of patients who have suboptimal adherence to oral anticoagulant (OAC), identify the predictors of adherence, and determine whether patient-related factors vary across adherence levels in Australia. METHODS: Respondents were recruited for an online survey using Facebook. Survey instruments included the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale, the Anticoagulation Knowledge Tool, the Perception of Anticoagulant Treatment Questionnaires, and a modified Cancer Information Overload scale...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611527/chemotherapy-medication-errors
#3
REVIEW
Saul N Weingart, Lulu Zhang, Megan Sweeney, Michael Hassett
Although chemotherapy is a well established treatment modality, chemotherapy errors represent a potentially serious risk of patient harm. We reviewed published research from 1980 to 2017 to understand the extent and nature of medication errors in cancer chemotherapy, and to identify effective interventions to help prevent mistakes. Chemotherapy errors occur at a rate of about one to four per 1000 orders, affect at least 1-3% of adult and paediatric oncology patients, and occur at all stages of the medication use process...
April 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606098/learning-from-errors-assessing-final-year-medical-students-reflection-on-safety-improvement-five-year-cohort-study
#4
Vicki Tully, Douglas Murphy, Evridiki Fioratou, Arun Chaudhuri, James Shaw, Peter Davey
BACKGROUND: Investigation of real incidents has been consistently identified by expert reviews and student surveys as a potentially valuable teaching resource for medical students. The aim of this study was to adapt a published method to measure resident doctors' reflection on quality improvement and evaluate this as an assessment tool for medical students. METHODS: The design is a cohort study. Medical students were prepared with a tutorial in team based learning format and an online Managing Incident Review course...
April 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596538/self-reported-cheating-among-medical-students-an-alarming-finding-in-a-cross-sectional-study-from-saudi-arabia
#5
Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani, Shafiul Haque, Yousef Abdullah Almusalam, Saleh Lafi Alanezi, Yazeed Abdulaziz Alsulaiman, Mohammad Irshad, Shaffi Ahmed Shaik, Nehal Khamis
Academic misconduct/dishonesty has become widespread behavior among many university students across the globe, and medical education is not an exception. Until recently, few efforts have been made to study the dishonest behavior in Middle-Eastern universities. This study examined the prevalence and predisposing factors of cheating among medical students in Saudi Arabia and suggests suitable preventive measures. A cross-sectional survey-based study was conducted at a government medical college during the 2014-2015 academic year...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575862/dietary-intake-of-antioxidants-and-fats-in-the-context-of-coronary-heart-disease-prevention-among-elderly-people
#6
Emilia Kolarzyk, Agata Skop-Lewandowska, Jagoda Jaworska, Agnieszka Ostachowska-Gąsior, Teresa Krzeszowska-Rosiek
INTRODUCTION: Some literature data indicate that the proper intake of exogenic antioxidants from food and the proper intake of fats can offer significant protection against coronary heart disease. OBJECTIVES: The estimation of total antioxidant capacity of food intake on the basis of Dietary Antioxidant Index (DAI), together with an assessment of the contribution of particular food products in DAI, and the evaluation of consumption of all dietary fats and frequency of consumption of products that are a source of fats among elderly people in Krakow, Poland...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574533/correction-to-oxford-house-residents-attitudes-toward-medication-assisted-treatment-use-in-fellow-residents
#7
John M Majer, Christopher Beasley, Emily Stecker, Ted J Bobak, Joshua Norris, Hai Minh Nguyen, Maisie Ogata, Jordana Siegel, Elzbieta Wiedbusch, Isabel Dovale, Noah Gelfman, Sarah Callahan, Leonard A Jason
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake in the author group, where co-authors Isabel Dovale, Noah Gelfman and Sarah Callahan were missed to include and Brandon Isler should be removed from the author group.
March 24, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560665/esophagitis-dissecans-superficialis-a-case-series-of-7-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Elias Fiani, François Guisset, Quitterie Fontanges, Jacques Devière, Arnaud Lemmers
INTRODUCTION : Esophagitis dissecans superficialis (EDS) is a rare desquamative disorder of the eso-phagus, characterized by sloughing of the superficial mucosa. It is a benign entity of uncertain etiology. Most cases of EDS are idiopathic but can be caused by medications, hot beverages, chemical irritants, celiac disease and many skin conditions. AIM: Knowing that few case series have described this entity, we decided to review all the cases diagnosed in our center to characterize them...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556886/intravenous-lipid-emulsion-overdose-in-infancy-a-case-report-and-overview-of-opportunities-challenges-and-prevention
#9
REVIEW
Wasim Khasawneh, Salar Bani Hani
Medication errors remain among the major problems seen in hospitals. Such errors can relate to the prescription, dispensation, or administration of drugs. Human factors account for most of these mistakes, but other factors such as infusion pump programming defects should always be considered. Worldwide, medication errors have been reported to affect 2-30% of patients, depending on the institution. Intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) infusion is frequently used as part of total parenteral nutrition in patients of all ages with feeding and gastrointestinal issues...
March 19, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544780/using-modified-information-delivery-to-enhance-the-traditional-pharmacy-osce-program-at-tmu-a-pilot-study
#10
Che-Wei Lin, Elizabeth H Chang, Daniel L Clinciu, Yun-Ting Peng, Wen-Chen Huang, Chien-Chih Wu, Jen-Chieh Wu, Yu-Chuan Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) has been used in many areas of healthcare training over the years. However, it constantly needs to be upgraded and enhanced due to technological and teaching changes. We aim at implementing an integrative OSCE method which employs informatics via the virtual patient within the pharmacy education curriculum at Taipei Medical University to enhance the pharmacy students' competence for using and disseminating information and to also improve critical thinking and clinical reasoning...
May 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541805/correction-to-medical-speciality-medication-or-skills-key-factors-of-prehospital-joint-reduction-a-prospective-multicenter-cohort-study
#11
Georg Siebenbürger, Christian Zeckey, Julian Fürmetz, Ben Ockert, Wolfgang Böcker, Tobias Helfen
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.
March 14, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536927/medical-errors-malpractice-and-defensive-medicine-an-ill-fated-triad
#12
Leonard Berlin
For the first 180 years following the founding of the US, physicians occasionally were sued for medical malpractice. Allegations of negligence were errors of commission - i.e. the physician made a mistake by doing something wrong, usually mistreatment of a fracture or dislocation, a complication or death following a surgical procedure, prescribing the wrong medication, and after the discovery of the X-ray by Roentgen in 1895, causing radiation burns. In the mid twentieth century malpractice allegations slowly changed from errors of commission to errors of omission - i...
September 26, 2017: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536921/identifying-error-types-in-visual-diagnostic-skill-assessment
#13
Cécile J Ravesloot, Anouk van der Gijp, Marieke F van der Schaaf, Josephine C B M Huige, Olle Ten Cate, Koen L Vincken, Christian P Mol, Jan P J van Schaik
BACKGROUND: Misinterpretation of medical images is an important source of diagnostic error. Errors can occur in different phases of the diagnostic process. Insight in the error types made by learners is crucial for training and giving effective feedback. Most diagnostic skill tests however penalize diagnostic mistakes without an eye for the diagnostic process and the type of error. A radiology test with stepwise reasoning questions was used to distinguish error types in the visual diagnostic process...
June 27, 2017: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516332/a-morally-permissible-moral-mistake-reinterpreting-a-thought-experiment-as-proof-of-concept
#14
Nathan Emmerich, Bert Gordjin
This paper takes the philosophical notion of suberogatory acts or morally permissible moral mistakes and, via a reinterpretation of a thought experiment from the medical ethics literature, offers an initial demonstration of their relevance to the field of medical ethics. That is, at least in regards to this case, we demonstrate that the concept of morally permissible moral mistakes has a bearing on medical decision-making. We therefore suggest that these concepts may have broader importance for the discourse on medical ethics and should receive fuller consideration by those working the field...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513170/esophagitis-dissecans-superficialis-a-case-series-of-7-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
E Fiani, F Guisset, Q Fontanges, J Deviere, A Lemmers
INTRODUCTION : Esophagitis dissecans superficialis (EDS) is a rare desquamative disorder of the eso-phagus, characterized by sloughing of the superficial mucosa. It is a benign entity of uncertain etiology. Most cases of EDS are idiopathic but can be caused by medications, hot beverages, chemical irritants, celiac disease and many skin conditions. AIM AND METHODS: Knowing that few case series have described this entity, we decided to review all the cases diagnosed in our center to characterize them...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512404/medication-errors-the-school-nurse-as-second-victim
#16
Ann R Stillwater
Medication errors occur in the school setting as they do in other healthcare settings. In this article, three accounts of school nurse medication errors are presented. School nurses often undergo emotional trauma after a mistake is made. Other fields of healthcare are incorporating the second victim phenomena in their responses to errors, with the patient as the first victim and the caregiver who made the mistake as the second. Researchers have identified six stages of the second victim's journey. School nurses and administrators would benefit from understanding and utilizing this model...
March 1, 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505160/management-of-type-1-diabetes-should-be-different-from-type-2-diabetes-at-hospital-admission
#17
H K Akturk
Breuker et al. [1] highlighted that patients with Type 1 diabetes have an approximately twofold higher risk of medication errors at hospital admission compared with those with Type 2 diabetes. There are certain differences in the pathophysiology of the two types of diabetes that need to be considered during diabetes care at hospitals. Patients with Type 1 diabetes have higher glucose variability than those with Type 2 diabetes during the hospital stay [2]. Inpatient mortality is higher in patients with Type 1 diabetes [3]...
March 5, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504628/the-level-of-collaboration-amongst-nurses-in-turkey
#18
S Ç Durmuş, D Ekici, A Yildirim
AIM: This study was conducted to determine the level of collaboration amongst nurses in Turkey. BACKGROUND: Collaboration amongst nurses is thought to increase nurse-physician collaboration and decrease medical mistakes. It has been connected with positive patient outcomes and increased job satisfaction for nurses. There are some studies on nurse-physician collaboration in Turkey, but nurse-nurse collaboration has not been measured before in this context. There are limited studies in the literature on nurse-nurse collaboration...
March 5, 2018: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499809/empowering-informal-caregivers-with-health-information-opennotes-as-a-safety-strategy
#19
Hannah Chimowitz, Macda Gerard, Alan Fossa, Fabienne Bourgeois, Sigall K Bell
BACKGROUND: Enabling family/friend caregivers with access to visit notes may help avoid errors, delayed diagnoses, or other ambulatory safety risks. Patient, parent, and caregiver perceptions of how shared notes affect safety behaviors and attitudes were studied in an exploratory study. METHODS: To assess the impact of OpenNotes on safety, 24,722 patients with active portal accounts and ≥ 1 available visit notes during the prior year at an urban hospital were surveyed between June and September 2016...
March 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493363/the-roles-of-basic-psychological-needs-self-compassion-and-self-efficacy-in-the-development-of-mastery-goals-among-medical-students
#20
Oksana Babenko, Anna Oswald
AIM: Competency-based medical education aims to foster mastery goals in learners. We examined medical students' mastery approach (beneficial) and mastery avoidance (maladaptive) goals and their associations with students' basic psychological needs, self-compassion, and self-efficacy. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study employing an online questionnaire. Two hundred medical students in all four years of the medical program completed the questionnaire, containing measures of mastery goals, basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, relatedness), self-compassion, and self-efficacy...
March 1, 2018: Medical Teacher
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