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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905285/the-current-status-of-ticks-in-turkey-a-100-year-period-review-from-1916-to-2016
#1
Abdullah İnci, Alparslan Yıldırım, Önder Düzlü
Environmental and bio-ecological changes, some administrative and political mistakes, and global warming seriously affect the behaviors of ticks in Turkey and globally. The global public sensitivity toward tick infestations has increased along with increases in tick-borne diseases (TBDs). Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed a new political concept, "One Health," for specific struggle strategies against tick infestations and TBDs. To highlight the importance of the issue, the WHO had declared the year 2015 for vector-borne diseases and adopted the slogan "small bites big threat"...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904636/effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-program-on-psychosomatic-patients-quality-of-life
#2
Zahra Ghazavi, Esmat Rahimi, Mohsen Yazdani, Hamid Afshar
BACKGROUND: Level of stress and its management affects the dimensions of psychosomatic patients' quality of life (QoL), which is an important psychological issue. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of cognitive behavioral stress management program on psychosomatic patients' QoL. In cognitive behavioral method, patients discover thought and behavioral mistakes and recover them. The criterion to evaluate the success of the present study was measurement of the patients' QoL and its notable improvement after intervention...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904419/reporting-statistical-results-in-medical-journals
#3
EDITORIAL
Wan Nor Arifin, Abdullah Sarimah, Bachok Norsa'adah, Yaacob Najib Majdi, Ab Hamid Siti-Azrin, Musa Kamarul Imran, Abd Aziz Aniza, Lin Naing
Statistical editors of the Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences (MJMS) must go through many submitted manuscripts, focusing on the statistical aspect of the manuscripts. However, the editors notice myriad styles of reporting the statistical results, which are not standardised among the authors. This could be due to the lack of clear written instructions on reporting statistics in the guidelines for authors. The aim of this editorial is to briefly outline reporting methods for several important and common statistical results...
September 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891020/preventing-medico-legal-issues-in-clinical-practice
#4
REVIEW
Bevinahalli N Raveesh, Ragavendra B Nayak, Shivakumar F Kumbar
The medical profession is considered to be one of the noblest professions in the world. The practice of medicine is capable of rendering noble service to humanity provided due care, sincerity, efficiency, and professional skill is observed by the doctors. However, today, the patient-doctor relationship has almost diminished its fiduciary character and has become more formal and structured. Doctors are no longer regarded as infallible and beyond questioning. Corporatization of health care has made it like any other business, and the medical profession is increasingly being guided by the profit motive rather than that of service...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813631/a-plea-for-extension-of-the-anatomical-nomenclature-part-1-nervous-system-and-senses
#5
David Kachlík, Vladimir Musil, Vaclav Baca
A correct, exact, concise and detailed anatomical nomenclature is a cornerstone of communication not only in anatomy and related subjects but also in other medical branches and in the whole medical education. Terminologia Anatomica fulfils this task but some important structures are still missing there. The authors have collected and present here a list of terms including their definitions or explanations to provoke discussion about possible extension of the Terminologia Anatomica. The first part of this contribution, presented in this article, comprises 113 terms concerning the regulation systems of the human body: endocrine glands, central and peripheral nervous system, and senses...
November 4, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811577/exploring-the-validity-of-developing-an-interdisciplinarity-score-of-a-patient-s-needs-care-coordination-patient-complexity-and-patient-safety-indicators
#6
Ashley Hodgson, Lacey Etzkorn, Alexander Everhart, Nicholas Nooney, Jessica Bestrashniy
Despite the Affordable Care Act's push to improve the coordination of care for patients with multiple chronic conditions, most measures of coordination quality focus on a specific moment in the care process (e.g., medication errors or transfer between facilities), rather than patient outcomes. One possible supplementary way of measuring the care coordination quality of a facility would be to identify the patients needing the most coordination, and to look at outcomes for that group. This paper lays the groundwork for a new measure of care coordination quality by outlining a conceptual framework that considers the interaction between a patient's interdisciplinarity, biological susceptibility, and procedural intensity...
November 1, 2016: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805740/work-related-fear-and-the-threats-causing-fear-among-emergency-department-nursing-staff-and-physicians-in-finland
#7
Riitta Mikkola, Heini Huhtala, Eija Paavilainen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to describe fear, the threats causing fear and the occurrence of fear among emergency department nursing staff and physicians. BACKGROUND: The emergency department is a challenging workplace where the staff is often confronted by factors that cause fear. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: A survey was conducted in 16 hospitals (N = 544). Nurses, practical nurses, orderlies and physicians from those hospitals participated in the survey...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769018/simulated-settings-powerful-arenas-for-learning-patient-safety-practices-and-facilitating-transference-to-clinical-practice-a-mixed-method-study
#8
Marit Hegg Reime, Tone Johnsgaard, Fred Ivan Kvam, Morten Aarflot, Marit Breivik, Janecke Merethe Engeberg, Guttorm Brattebø
Poor teamwork is an important factor in the occurrence of critical incidents because of a lack of non-technical skills. Team training can be a key to prevent these incidents. The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of nursing and medical students after a simulation-based interprofessional team training (SBITT) course and its impact on professional and patient safety practices, using a concurrent mixed-method design. The participants (n = 262) were organized into 44 interprofessional teams...
November 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765939/inadvertent-methylergonovine-administration-to-a-neonate
#9
Bryan M Corbett, Charles O'Connell, Mallory A Boutin, Nabil I Fatayerji, Charles W Sauer
BACKGROUND Methylergonovine is an ergot alkaloid used to treat post-partum hemorrhage secondary to uterine atony. Mistaking methylergonovine for vitamin K with accidental administration to the neonate is a rare iatrogenic illness occurring almost exclusively in the delivery room setting. Complications of ergot alkaloids in neonates include respiratory depression, seizures, and death. CASE REPORT A term infant was inadvertently given 0.1 mg of methylergonovine intramuscularly in the right thigh. The error was only noted when the vial of medication was scanned, after administration, identifying it as methylergonovine rather than vitamin K...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764123/the-importance-of-medical-students-attitudes-regarding-cognitive-competence-for-teaching-applied-statistics-multi-site-study-and-meta-analysis
#10
Natasa M Milic, Srdjan Masic, Jelena Milin-Lazovic, Goran Trajkovic, Zoran Bukumiric, Marko Savic, Nikola V Milic, Andja Cirkovic, Milan Gajic, Mirjana Kostic, Aleksandra Ilic, Dejana Stanisavljevic
BACKGROUND: The scientific community increasingly is recognizing the need to bolster standards of data analysis given the widespread concern that basic mistakes in data analysis are contributing to the irreproducibility of many published research findings. The aim of this study was to investigate students' attitudes towards statistics within a multi-site medical educational context, monitor their changes and impact on student achievement. In addition, we performed a systematic review to better support our future pedagogical decisions in teaching applied statistics to medical students...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757060/omics-approaches-to-individual-variation-modeling-networks-and-the-virtual-patient
#11
Hans Lehrach
Every human is unique. We differ in our genomes, environment, behavior, disease history, and past and current medical treatment-a complex catalog of differences that often leads to variations in the way each of us responds to a particular therapy. We argue here that true personalization of drug therapies will rely on "virtual patient" models based on a detailed characterization of the individual patient by molecular, imaging, and sensor techniques. The models will be based, wherever possible, on the molecular mechanisms of disease processes and drug action but can also expand to hybrid models including statistics/machine learning/artificial intelligence-based elements trained on available data to address therapeutic areas or therapies for which insufficient information on mechanisms is available...
September 2016: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752311/reducing-the-occurrence-of-errors-in-a-laboratory-s-specimen-receiving-and-processing-department
#12
Nouf Al Saleem, Khaled Al-Surimi
Frequent, preventable medical errors can have an adverse effect on patient safety and quality as well as leading to wasted resources. In the laboratory, errors can occur at any stage of sample processing; pre-analytical, analytical, and post analytical stages. However evidence shows most of the laboratory errors occur during the pre-analytical stage. The receipt and processing of specimens is one of the main steps in the pre-analytical stage. Errors in this stage could be due to mislabeling, incorrect test entry and entering the wrong location, among other reasons...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734256/secure-and-efficient-two-factor-user-authentication-scheme-with-user-anonymity-for-network-based-e-health-care-applications
#13
Xiong Li, Jianwei Niu, Marimuthu Karuppiah, Saru Kumari, Fan Wu
Benefited from the development of network and communication technologies, E-health care systems and telemedicine have got the fast development. By using the E-health care systems, patient can enjoy the remote medical service provided by the medical server. Medical data are important privacy information for patient, so it is an important issue to ensure the secure of transmitted medical data through public network. Authentication scheme can thwart unauthorized users from accessing services via insecure network environments, so user authentication with privacy protection is an important mechanism for the security of E-health care systems...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716124/safer-drug-use-in-primary-care-a-pilot-intervention-study-to-identify-improvement-needs-and-make-agreements-for-change-in-five-swedish-primary-care-units
#14
Sara Modig, Cecilia Lenander, Nina Viberg, Patrik Midlöv
BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need to improve patient safety in the area of medication treatment among the elderly. The aim of this study was to explore which improvement needs and strengths, relating to medication safety, arise from a multi-professional intervention in primary care and further to describe and follow up on the agreements for change that were established within the intervention. METHODS: The SÄKLÄK project was a multi-professional intervention in primary care consisting of self-assessment, peer-review, feedback and written agreements for change...
October 4, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715347/crucial-conversations-an-interprofessional-learning-opportunity-for-senior-healthcare-students
#15
Megan Delisle, Ruby Grymonpre, Rebecca Whitley, Debrah Wirtzfeld
Clinical errors due to human mistakes are estimated to result in 400,000 preventable deaths per year. Strategies to improve patient safety often rely on healthcare workers' ability to speak up with concerns. This becomes difficult during critical decision-making as a result of conflicting opinions and power differentials, themes underrepresented in many interprofessional initiatives. These elements are prominent in our interprofessional initiative, namely Crucial Conversations. We sought to evaluate this initiative as an interprofessional learning (IPL) opportunity for pre-licensure senior healthcare students, as a way to foster interprofessional collaboration, and as a method of empowering students to vocalise their concerns...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709648/headless-spermatozoa-in-infertile-men
#16
Y-W Sha, L Ding, J-X Wu, S-B Lin, X Wang, Z-Y Ji, P Li
Spermatozoa morphology, an important parameter in a semen specimen's potential fertility evaluation, is a significant factor for in vitro fertilisation in assisted reproductive technology. Eleven sterile men with headless spermatozoa, a type of human teratozoospermia, are presented. Their ejaculates' headless spermatozoa percentages were high with rare normal spermatozoa forms. Additionally, abnormal morphology (e.g. round-headed or microcephalic spermatozoa) was also found. Spermatozoa motility was somewhat affected, potentially because of the missing mitochondrial sheath at the sperm tail base...
October 6, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681538/medical-students-learning-orientation-regarding-interracial-interactions-affects-preparedness-to-care-for-minority-patients-a-report-from-medical-student-changes
#17
Diana J Burgess, Sara E Burke, Brooke A Cunningham, John F Dovidio, Rachel R Hardeman, Yuefeng Hou, David B Nelson, Sylvia P Perry, Sean M Phelan, Mark W Yeazel, Michelle van Ryn
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of evidence on how to train medical students to provide equitable, high quality care to racial and ethnic minority patients. We test the hypothesis that medical schools' ability to foster a learning orientation toward interracial interactions (i.e., that students can improve their ability to successfully interact with people of another race and learn from their mistakes), will contribute to white medical students' readiness to care for racial minority patients...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681302/reasons-reasonability-and-establishing-conscientious-objector-status-in-medicine
#18
Robert F Card
This paper builds upon previous work in which I argue that we should assess a provider's reasons for his or her objection before granting a conscientious exemption. For instance, if the medical professional's reasoned basis involves an empirical mistake, an accommodation is not warranted. This article poses and begins to address several deep questions about the workings of what I call a reason-giving view: What standard should we use to assess reasons? What policy should we adopt in order to evaluate the reasons offered by medical practitioners in support of their objections? I argue for a reasonability standard to perform the essential function of assessing reasons, and I offer considerations in support of a policy establishing conscientious objector status in medicine...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673509/peer-feedback-learning-and-improvement-answering-the-call-of-the-institute-of-medicine-report-on-diagnostic-error
#19
David B Larson, Lane F Donnelly, Daniel J Podberesky, Arnold C Merrow, Richard E Sharpe, Jonathan B Kruskal
In September 2015, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) published a report titled "Improving Diagnosis in Health Care," in which it was recommended that "health care organizations should adopt policies and practices that promote a nonpunitive culture that values open discussion and feedback on diagnostic performance." It may seem counterintuitive that a report addressing a highly technical skill such as medical diagnosis would be focused on organizational culture. The wisdom becomes clearer, however, when examined in the light of recent advances in the understanding of human error and individual and organizational performance...
September 27, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638059/anatomy-physiology-and-physics-of-the-peripheral-vestibular-system
#20
H Kingma, R van de Berg
Many medical doctors consider vertigo and dizziness as the major, almost obligatory complaints in patients with vestibular disorders. In this chapter, we will explain that vestibular disorders result in much more diverse and complex complaints. Many of these other complaints are unfortunately often misinterpreted and incorrectly classified as psychogenic. When we really understand the function of the vestibular system, it becomes quite obvious why patients with vestibular disorders complain about a loss of visual acuity, imbalance, fear of falling, cognitive and attentional problems, fatigue that persists even when the vertigo attacks and dizziness decreases or even disappears...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
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